Arthur II of Ebenthal

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Arthur II & V
Arthur in February 2023
King of Ebenthal
Reign29 December 2019 – present
PredecessorMateus I
Heir presumptiveHeitor, Prince Royal
Co-heads of government[a]
Duke of Marienbourg
Reign26 December 2022 – present
PredecessorPosition established
Heir presumptivePrince Pedro
Minister-PresidentsGustave Lynch
Born28 January 1998 (1998-01-28) (age 26)
Fortaleza, Brazil
ConsortGuilherme, Prince Consort
Names
Arthur van der Bruyn
HouseBruyn
FatherArmando, 5th Baron of Roches
MotherMarilia IV of Marienbourg
ReligionAgnosticism
OccupationHistorian, Professor, Parliamentary Assistant
SignatureArthur II & V's signature
Alma materEstácio de Sá University
Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
Military career
Allegiance Baustralia
Service/branchBaustralian Navy
RankChief Petty Officer
Other offices
Secretary-General of the Conference of Santiago
In office
5 January 2022 – 5 July 2022
Preceded byOscar I of Karnia-Ruthenia
Succeeded byThomas I of Quinta Velha
Regent of Achsen
In office
10 December 2020 – 10 June 2021
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byBruno I As King
Chairman of the Volkshaus and People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs
In office
5 July 2020 – 25 June 2023
PremierKarl-Albrecht
Preceded byOffices established
Succeeded byOffices abolished
Minister of the Imperial and Royal Household of Karnia-Ruthenia
In office
10 March 2018 – 25 April 2019
MonarchsOscar I
Preceded byAri Thomaz-Rocha
Succeeded bySânia von und zu Freiburg
Kingdom of Manso's Senator
In office
28 October 2018 – 2019
MonarchMarina I
Member of the House of Commons (Baustralia)
for Bowmanton
Assumed office
20 November 2022
MonarchJohn I
King of Roschfallen
Reign28 January 2014 – 29 December 2019
PredecessorThrone established
SuccessorFernando I
Socialist Soviet Emperor
Reign8 July 2020 – 4 November 2022
PredecessorThrone established
SuccessorAndrey I

Arthur II (Fortaleza, Brazil, 28 January 1998) is King of Ebenthal and Duke of Marienbourg, where he is known as Arthur V. He was the founder and first monarch of Roschfallen and the Socialist Soviet Empire. For a brief time he also held the position of Regent of Achsen and served as the only Chairman of the Nuremberg Commune Volkhaus.[1] He was also elected the second Secretary-General of the Conference of Santiago. Born in Fortaleza, Brazil, Arthur is the fourth of six children the and only son of Armando, 5th Baron of Roches,[b][2] and his second wife, Princess Marilia IV of Marienbourg. Holder of a master's degree in history, Arthur is also a pro-parliamentarianism political activist, numismatist, and a theorist in the field of micronationalism, having developed the Nomadic Micronation Theory. The Monarch is married to Guilherme, Prince Consort, with whom he has been in a relationship for eight years. A prestigious micronational royal, in 2020 Arthur was invited to and joined the select Micropolitan Club and Lounge.

During Arthur's almost six years of reign in Roschfallen, the country consolidated itself among the South American unrecognized self-declared microstates, but the last year of his reign was marked by growing instability. In June 2019 Arthur staged a coup d'état, suspending the constitution and parliament and assuming autocratic powers, leading to the political exodus from Roschfallen. Isolated, on 29 December 2019 Arthur abdicated the Roschfallenian throne and accepted an invitation to become King of Ebenthal. Rapidly, he was able to raise Ebenthal to be one of South America's most prominent micronations, participated in the establishment of the Brazilian sector and co-founded the Conference of Santiago. His performance earned him renewed prestige and ensured his participation and influence in the politics of many other micronations.[c] On 26 December 2022 Arthur founded the Duchy of Marienbourg out of his desire to shape a country from its beginning.

As a constitutional monarch, Arthur is the symbol of his realms' unity and permanence. Despite his position, he wields considerable political power and is often the countries' leading figure. A prominent micronationalist in the Americas, Arthur has been intermicronationally praised for the degree of development and relevance that his reign brought to Ebenthal. His political influence has reached many other micronations. Besides holding noble titles in Sealand, Karnia-Ruthenia, Sildavia, Quinta Velha and Lifréia, Arthur also holds tenure as member of the House of Commons of Baustralia for Bowmanton, as a member of the Liberal Party. Formerly, he also held the offices of Privy Councillor and Chargé d'Affaires for Brazil in Vishwamitra and served as regent of Schneeblutig, Achsen and the Lateran State. Arthur is credited as the mastermind of the Campaign of Incentive to Secessionist Micronationalism in which he personally idealized the foundation of the New Southern Rhine. He is the founder of the Micronational Trade Organization and a leading figure in micronational economy in South America, having developed the Conferential Doubloon which became the largest micronational currency in circulation on the continent.

Biography

Early life

Arthur van der Bruyn was born on 28 January 1998 in Fortaleza, Brazil. He is the fourth child and only son of Armando, 5th Baron of Roches, legitimate and direct heir to Portuguese noble title created in 1871 by King Luís I of Portugal, to his second wife, Princess Marilia of Marienbourg, from an old Portuguese-originated family of Brazilian farmers from Minas Gerais currently occupying the throne of Marienbourg. Through his father, Arthur is a member of the House of Bruyn, a Portuguese family of Dutch origin which goes back to the nobility and royalty of Scotland, England, Hungary, France, Luxembourg, Holland, among others, through its cognatic connection with the Scottish Clan Drummond and the Clan Sinclair. He is also great-great-great-great-grandson of King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy through his paternal grandmother in a illegitimate line. Three months after his birth, as his parents had divorced, he moved with his mother to Rio de Janeiro, where her immediate family had been living since 1974.

Education

Arthur began his education at the Nosso Lar school at age of 2, in 2000, staying there until he was three years old. From 3 to 5 years old he studied at the Montessori Education Center. From there, he remained until the age of 10 at the Abolição School, from where he went to the Ary Quintella School, where he completed elementary school. After completing the elementary, Arthur studied at the Rezende-Rammel Institute where he graduated in mechatronics. Later, after considering mechatronics engineering at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and placing 3rd for the political science class at Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro, he studied history at Estácio de Sá University, where he graduated as a bachelor and licensed professor in 2022. In 2024 he earned his master's degree in Brazilian history at the Institute of Philosophy and Social Sciences.

Attending English classes since 2004, when he was 6-years-old, Arthur is fluent in the language, although he considers himself an autodidact, stating that the school's teachings on English language were rather poor and claiming to have learned the language from video-games and music. He also attended Spanish classes from 2011 to 2014, being fluent due to the ease of similarities with his native Portuguese language. Furthermore, Arthur claims to understand French, Italian, Galician and Romanian to some degree.

Career

A year after becoming King of Roschfallen, Arthur started working as a freelancer in the field of mechatronics, in which he had graduated. In 2016 he was hired by a commercial enterprise dedicated to decorative articles as a commercial manager, doing the shop's marketing, managing social networks and dealing with suppliers. In 2018 Arthur resigned his position a little before the company's closure and went to work as private teacher of history, geography, portuguese and english to five alumni at time until early 2020, as the COVID-19 pandemic prevented him from continuing his work. Nonetheless he was employed as history and geogrpahy assistant teacher at the Ary Quintella College on which he previously studied. In early 2021 Arthur was hired for a limited time as a historian by the Legislative Assembly of Rio de Janeiro's Department of Culture, being in charge of the guided tour of the Tiradentes Palace, for translating historical texts into English and working as an office assistant. In the exercise of his role, he gained notoriety when he was interviewed on national television by TV Globo. In 2023, at the end of his contract with the Assembly, Arthur was indefinitely commissioned as a Parliamentary Assistant in the Department of Culture.

Relationship

Since 2015, Arthur has openly identified himself as gay. He has had two former relationships with two same-aged men and since 2016 he has been dating Guilherme Couto, a bisexual programmer from Rio de Janeiro. Upon assuming the throne of Ebenthal in 2019, Arthur created Guilherme Prince of Couto, later revising his title to Prince Consort in an Additional Act of Constitutional Amendment. The couple officially engaged in 2022.

Reign in Roschfallen

Arthur in 2016 asKing of Roschfallen.

Origins

Arthur became aware of micronationalist politics in 2014. That year he and two friends, Adrien Preuss and Alecsander Carvalho, founded Kingdom of Roschfallen at the NationStates micronational RPG browser game. Initially created as a fictional ideal country project, after the departure of Preuss and inspired by Sealand, Arthur began efforts to transform Roschfallen into a secessionist micronation, assuming for himself the title of King of Roschfallen on his birthday. Along with other friends, some already known and others he met through NationStates, Arthur organized the structures and institutions of the new micronation and firstly introduced the concept of Sovereignity Concession. During this period, discussions between Arthur and a group of nobles resulted in a internal crisis which culminated in the secession of Gros Morne, part of Roschfallen's core territories, and the establishment of the Kingdom of Ebenthal ,[3] in conjunction with the exodus of a third of the Roschfallenian aristocracy.

Once the Roschfallen government was solidified, Arthur sought to regain the support and prestige lost by the conflict and founded the Liberal League, an organization that brought together micronations that emerged from NationStates under the precepts of liberalism.[4] Eventually, however, the League was dismantled by the political inactivity of much of its members. The final straw was when the Arabic Empire, one of the league's member states, adopted nazism as an official state ideology, prompting Roschfallen to cut ties with that state and support its former separatist rival, Ebenthal.

Inactivity and resurgence

During Roschfallen's idle period, Arthur served as Minister of the Imperial and Royal Household in Karnia-Ruthenia.

Despite being successful in the conflict against the Arabic Empire and strengthening the Liberal League alliance, the group was increasingly inactive and both issues reflected in Roschfallen's political activity, with Arthur becoming increasingly reclusive until the mid-19th century. 2017. That year Arthur was approached by Emperor Oscar I of Karnia-Ruthenia who not only encouraged him to resume full political activity in Roschfallen, but also offered for the Karno-Ruthenian Empire to annex the kingdom, which would become an autonomous state. Despite the rejection of the offer, Oscar and Arthur became great friends and confidants. In 2018 Oscar appointed Arthur as Minister of the Imperial and Royal Household of Karnia-Ruthenia.[5]

Back on the micronational political scene, and with the help of his new Karno-Ruthenian allies, Arthur restructured Roschfallen and renewed its political class. The country adopted a feudal model and began its projection beyond the old Lusophone sector, establishing diplomatic relations with several micronations. Arthur also accepted to become a Senator in the Kingdom of Manso for the Liberal Party, between 2018 and 2019, and assumed for himself the Regency of Schneeblutig, one of the former member states of the Liberal League; in context, Arthur and Queen Maria I of Manso discussed becoming co-Emperors with Schneeblutig, but the idea was dropped. However, as the Monarch was forced to dedicate himself more to other aspects of his life, he ended up resigning his positions in Karnia-Ruthenia and Manso, dedicating himself politically only to Roschfallen.

Late reign and abdication

As he left Roschfallen to join Ebenthal, Arthur was created a Count in Sealand.

In the last year of his reign, in 2019, Roschfallenian politics was exhausted by the number of structural changes enacted by King Arthur without parliamentary consultation or support, which made him increasingly unpopular. The visible revolt on the part of the feudal lords reached such a limit that, seeing himself cornered, Arthur chose to execute a self-coup d'état, closing the Council of Fools, the parliament of Roschfallen, and instituting a absolute monarchy, believing that only by supreme centralization of power could he bring order to national politics, when it was obvious that he had lost all support. His move, however, backfired, and culminated in a further exodus of aristocrats and politicians and the secession of about three-fifths of Roschfallen's territory.

Disillusioned with the situation, Arthur did not immediately abdicate, but removed himself from micronational politics. Coincidentally, during this same period, he received an invitation from Lord Raphael Sousa, 1st Duke of Aureanburgh, then Regent of Ebenthal, to assume the throne of that country, which had been without a king since September at the time of the Mateusian Crisis. After conversations with Raphael and the High Inquisitor of Roschfallen, Fernando Degani, on 29 December 2022 Arthur abdicated the throne of Roschfallen, as well as renounced his family's rights to that throne, and was succeeded by Fernando. Then he contacted Raphael and formally announced that he accepted the proposal, becoming King of Ebenthal.

Reign in Ebenthal

Early reign

The early reign of Arthur II was marked not only by reforms, but by Santiago-Mansean Conflict, in which he played a grand role.

Assuming the throne of Ebenthal under the name of Arthur II, he began a long process of reorganizing the administrative structure and aesthetics of the micronation according to his vision as had been agreed with the former regent, the Duke of Aureanburgh. The beginning of his reign is described as very centralizing and reformer. Due to his personal connections with heads of state of renowned South American micronations and with micronational politicians from beyond the continent, Arthur II established a new foreign policy for Ebenthal, taking the country out of isolationism and bringing it to the center of South American micronational political actions, transforming it in a great power among its kind and establishing the House of Bruyn as one of the most illustrious dynasties of continental micronationalism.

On 23 March 2020 Arthur became onf the original co-signers of the Treaty of Persenburg, historically the most important document of Brazilian micronationoalism, which earned it mention in a Brazilian mainstream media article. The treaty established the secessionist Brazilian sector, splitting from the Lusophone sector. In 12 April, Arthur also signed the Treaty of Santiago, turning Ebenthal into one of the founding states of the Conference of Santiago, which grew to become the one of the most influential intermicronational organization of the Americas.[6][7] In the wake of his achievements ahead of the Ebenthali people, Arthur was invited to join the exclusive Micropolitan Club and Lounge.

During the negotiations of the Treaty of Santiago, and as a direct result of it, there was a split in Brazilian micronationalism between supporters of the treaty and those disaffected with it; this last group was led by Queen Marina I of Manso. In order to try to calm things down, King Arthur II suggested to Queen Marina that a meeting be held between members of the newly founded Conference of Santiago and the Government of Manso so that clarifications could be provided. At the meeting, however, both the Mansean and the Bauruan monarchs began to utter offenses against the Conference representatives. After a personal insult that the King of Bauru made to the King of Ebenthal, the latter abandoned the meeting, resulting in a long-standing diplomatic and sometimes bellicose conflict which eventually came to be known as the Santiago-Mansean Conflict.

Democratic reforms

Portrait of Arthur II as King of Ebenthal.

After a few months on the throne of Ebenthal, having consolidated his position, King Arthur II began a "second round" of reforms, giving up some of his constitutional powers to the parliament and abandoning his strictly centralizing policy, aiming to transform Ebenthal into a democracy. On 29 June 2020 the Moderate Party government headed by the Prime Minister Raphael Sousa fell and was replace by the Conservative Party. In October the Conservatives implemented the October Reform Act, stripping the monarch from the power to appoint the speaker of parliament, which was transferred to the Prime Minister; such a reform was envisioned by the King as part of his reform package. On the 2nd August, King Arthur was responsible for creating the Conferential Doubloon, the official currency of the Conference of Santiago, which became the currency with the greatest intermicronational circulation in the Americas, initiating to the Ebenthal's economic policies.

Despite the initial advances in pursuing a series of reforms, many of which under the monarch's guidance, the Conservative government sought to prevent him from pushing for democratic reforms by voting against or postponing them in order to keep the aristrocatic hegemony in the government. As a result this brought the King closer to the leader of the Worker's Party Gabriela Amorim, 1st Duchess of Guterfolg. On 8 March 2021 her party, in coalition with the Moderate Party, got the Bicameral Act approved in parliament, which was the main reformist milestone of Arthur II's reign; it abolished the aristocratic exclusivity, by which only nobles could hold government offices, allowing the political participation of commoners and creating a democratically elected parliamentary lower house and a appointed noble-exclusive upper house. The success of Gabriela's bill rendered her the appointment as the first female prime minister. However, the monarch's influence on the implementation of the Bicameral Act is questioned by members of the Conservative Party, while it was neither confirmed nor denied by the Worker's and Moderates.

Following the act, King Arthur also gave up on the power to appoint the Prime Minister from the major party in the lower house, transferring this competence to the party leadership. The last great democratic reform of Arthur's reign were the Federative Act from November 2021, and the controversial Unitary Act from February 2022. The former, approved in the first government headed by a commoner, emerged from the Arthur's desire to politically recognize the fait accompli of the nullity of political activity in half of the Ebenthal's then-federated principalities by reforming them entirelly. Pressured by left-wing elements of the government, the King decriminalized the Republican Party which he had made illegal at the beginning of his reign. The Unitary Act, however, profoundly threatened the power of the regional aristocracies by abolishing the subnational princely monarchies, which were turned into provinces. According to Arthur himself, in doing that he hoped to effectively transform the country into a democratic constitutional monarchy. The reform, however, sparked a constitutional crisis with separatist threats from New Switzerland, whose entire historically Conservative government refused to accept the deposition of their monarchy. As the central government proved ineffective in dealing with the issue, the King personally intervened through a private conversation with Antônio I, Prince of New Switzerland in which they were able to reach an agreement and the Neo-Swiss monarchy, exclusivelly, was maintained with a special status.

Apogee

Almanac of Vetrolin page about the House of Bruyn. King Arthur was Vice-President of the commission responsible for its creation.

Despite controversies due to frequent interventions and centralizing stance, King Arthur II maintained his positive image throughout his reign. His construction of Ebenthal's foreign relations earned him praise and honors. He was created Prince of Engern-Tonna in the Karno-Ruthenian peerage,[8] as well as Duke of Damão in Vishwamitra, Duke of Zëgret in Sildavia, Duke of Refoles in Quinta Velha and Count of Bruyn in Lifréia. For most of 2021 he was trusted the regency of the Hanseatic and Confederate States of Achsen until the Mauritiaanse Infante Bruno of Woenstein was ready to take the Hanseatic throne. Simultaneously, Arthur established the Independent State of the New Southern Rhine as part of the CS incentive to secessionist micronationalism program and sat the Ebenthali politician and noble Jonathan Scherer, 1st Marquis of Rozandir on the throne.

The success of the campaign to encourage secessionist micronationalism brought great prestige and influence to Ebenthal and Arthur personally and sparked a interventionist policy. Some of the states aided or created as a result of that program effectively became Ebenthali client states. At that time, the Emperor Oscar I of Karnia-Ruthenia led, in partnership with Arthur, a coup d'état that deposed Omar V from the throne of the Sultanate of Harram and installed Prince John of Ebenthal as Sultan Hassan III, reviving the political activity of that micronation. They later replaced the Harranian sultan with the former Emir of Takia, but the maneuver didn't worked and they allowed for Hassan to reclaim his throne.

Arthur eventually consolidated the issue of his succession by having his elder sister renounce in favor of her only son Heitor, Prince Royal, and by adopting the semi-salic law. He was the author and primarily responsible for the adoption of the Kupfermark as the official currency replacing the CS Doubloon and entirely redefined Ebenthal's financial system as well as its monetary policy.

Crises and transition

Arthur II's official portrait by the time of the Swedish Crisis.

With the success of democratic reforms, during the last two years of his reign, Arthur gradually abandoned his politically active stance, allowing parliament and cabinet to effectively govern the nation. He postponed the 3rd General Election due to the death of the Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, as he declared a week of mourning, which earned him harsh accusations by the Conservatives of being a supporter of the Moderates, who celebrated the action. The victory and rupture in the Moderate Party led to an organic reformulation of the Ebenthali parties and launched the country into a period of political tension and uncertainty, only deepened by the rupture of relations with Vishwamitra, once one of Ebenthal's greatest allies on the world stage, amid a political crisis involving the President of Snagov.

After a motion of no confidence that dismantled the Moderate Party, on 22 November 2022 the New Democratic Party (eventually renamed as New Democrats) ascended to government led by Rupert Ruschel, 1st Baron of Sommerlath, the country's first Prime Minister of foreign non-Brazilian origin. However, he suddendly resigned after four months of government to found Swedish Party. The increased involvement of non-Brazilians in national politics led to the Swedish Crisis, fueled by the antagonistic stance of the National Party which came to power with the return of Henri Sãens to the headship of government. With the threat of rupture hanging over the country, King Arthur II intervened by dissolving the parliament and calling new elections just two months before the scheduled date for the 4th General Election, which resulted in the victory of the New Democrats and in an uneasy alliance with the Nationals against the Swedish.

However, since the election, a large part of the political class has become discouraged and disinterested, leaving most of its governmental responsibilities aside and factually forcing the monarch to resume his former centralizing stance and act where politicians fail to act. Supported by the government, the King enacted a series of Royal Edicts, bypassing parliament, but receiving the blessing of the Tribune of Truth, transforming them into Constitutional Amendments, among which the most important was the edict that defines that candidates for members of the House of Councillors can only run for office by constituents with which they have some connection; The Tribune of Truth's interpretation applies, according to which, therefore, citizens can nevertheless represent constituents whose enclaves are within their countries of origin, i.e., non-Brazilians cannot represent constituents formed by enclaves in Brazil, thus neutralizing the alleged threat of division posed by the Swedish Party, which caused the political decline of traditional parties.

Reign in Marienbourg

Arthur's ducal standard as Duke of Marienbourg.

Establishment

At the end of 2022, after reflecting for a few months, Arthur decided to create a micronation that was entirely of his own, that is, compared to the Kingdom of Ebenthal in which, despite him being King, he was not the founder and thus was only able to shape the country to a certain extent. In 26 December the King approached his late grandmother Princess Maria III's two brothers Edison and Anthony to explain to them about the micronational political practice. Arthur convinced his great-uncles to sign a sovereignty concession treaty in which they pledged to grant him sovereignty over their properties in the Minas Gerais municipality of Poços de Caldas for as long as they stay subjects his subjects in the micronation that he would found from those lands. This provided that Arthur hold and keep his position as monarch over those lands. In possession of the sovereignty of those lands, on 9 January 2023 Arthur formally proclaimed the estate's independence from the municipality of Poços de Caldas and Brazil and founded the Duchy of Marienbourg, proclaiming himself sovereign Duke.

Throughout January and February Arthur recruited micronationalist politicians both veterans and newcomers to form the Marienbourgish government, which he achieved with the new country's first general election on 9 February 2023. He set the tone for the development of a culture politics based on representative parliamentarism and direct democracy, removing itself almost entirely from daily politics, remaining however as an arbiter or a sentinel that observes over the government. In July his reign passed its first successful challenge, by holding the second undisturbed general election. In his first year of reign, Arthur's only direct political action as Duke of Marienbourg was in the area of foreign relations, in which personal relationships between rulers have great relevance when it comes to micronational foreign policy; he assisted in establishing Marienbourg's diplomatic relations with Ebenthal's allied micronations.

Consolidation

In July his reign passed its first successful challenge, by holding the second undisturbed general election. In his first year of reign, Arthur's only direct political action as Duke of Marienbourg was in the area of foreign relations, in which personal relationships between rulers have great relevance when it comes to micronational foreign policy; he assisted in establishing Marienbourg's diplomatic relations with Ebenthal's allied micronations such as Karnia-Ruthenia and Baustralia.

Secretary-General of the Conference of Santiago

First flag of the Conference of Santiago.

Arthur II was one of the original signatories of the Treaty of Santiago and therefore Ebenthal was one of the founding states of the Conference of Santiago. From the beginning, Arthur aligned Ebenthal's foreign policy with that of the Conference, helping to bring overseas recognition to the organization. The monarch also took the lead in several matters such as the attempt to resolve the conflict with Manso that led to a diplomatic crisis and the creation of the Conferential Doubloon, the organization's official currency and South America's first convertible micronational currency. Arthur was also the mastermind of the Conference of Santiago Derivative Program, the program to help new micronationalists in the creation and management of a secessionist micronation, called in Portuguese a derivatist or derivative.

When the post of Secretary-General of the Conference of Santiago was created and Oscar I of Karnia-Ruthenia was elected as the first occupant of that post, Arthur began to act de facto as his deputy. On 5 January 2022 Arthur was elected Secretary General of the Conference of Santiago and began his term. In the first months of his term, Arthur worked for the expansion of the Conference beyond the South American continent in accordance with the Statute approved in August 2021, which provided for the end of the organization's regionalization. His effort was rewarded with the entry of two Canadian, two American and one Indian micronations. Arthur also worked to increase the intermicronational prestige of the Conference of Santiago and establish relationships with it with other intermicronational organizations of global or regional relevance. He represented the Conference of Santiago in the 2021 ASAM Radiator summit with ASAM and GUM, brought important members of the Micro Francophonie for the Conference and enrolled the Conference in Santiago at MicroCon 2022.[9]

Personal views and interests

Arthur van der Bruyn with Antônio, Prince Imperial of Brazil at the 3rd Monarchical Meeting of Rio de Janeiro.

Politics

Arthur is a declared social democrat and a centrist, although he sometimes self-identify as center-left. He supports what he calls "individual freedom, with common sense" and advocates for LGBT rights, abortion rights, freedom of religion, cannabis legalization, secularism, etc. On the other hand, Arthur is also a strong proponent of death penalty. Formely a supporter, Arthur no longer advocated unrestricted freedom of speech and freedom of press, as he claims such liberties left unchecked pose a potential threat to a civilized society in the form of spreading of misinformation and hatred ideologies, citing the US laws which allows for Nazi demonstrations. He also does not support the right to keep and bear arms, although he declared he is inclined to accept is with strict restrictions and in a "far more educated" society. In contrast to his defense of religious freedom, Arthur emphasizes his defense of political secularism and is openly opposed to extremist or ultramontane religious positions that are anti-science or that harm others' individual freedoms. As both King of Ebenthal and Duke of Marienbourg, Arthur mainly combats neo-charismatic protestant cults whose dogmas or teachings violate constitutional guarantees of freedom, for example, religious groups that defend the prohibition of same-sex union, a constitutionally protected right.

In terms of government, Arthur is a staunch monarchist and advocate of the parliamentary system. He supports restoration of the Brazilian monarchy, but recognizes its impracticality. In 2013 he founded the Liga Azul Monarquista Brasileira (Brazilian Monarchist Blue League), a pro-monarchy political activism organization, which worked closely with Antônio, Prince Imperial of Brazil, brother of Prince Bertrand, Head of the Imperial House of Brazil (Vassouras branch).ref>Facebook. Arthur Brum and Prince Antônio of Brazil. Published on 11 May 2019. Retrieved on 26 August 2020.</ref> In 2017, the Blue League was responsible for introducing a bill for a referendum on the restoration of the monarchy to the Brazilian Senate, with more than 42 thousand signatures, twice the amount required to become a bill for law. However, the project was rejected in 2020 by the Human Rights Commission after being analyzed by 36 senators. He currently leads the Movimento Monarquista Independente (Independent Monarchist Movement).

Religion

Arthur was strongly influenced by the existentialist thought of Søren Kierkegaard.

Arthur currently identifies as an agnostic atheist; he does not believe in a supreme deity, but holds that the existence of such an entity is unknowable in principle. Upon his birth, nonetheless, he was baptized as a Antiochian Orthodox as his parents were unable to baptize him at the Roman Catholic Church due to both being divorced. Arthur was raised by his mother and stepfather, both spiritist-leaning umbandists, thus he grew heavily influenced by spiritist dogma and used to umbandist practice such as spiritual possession and religious offers, including sacrifices. Some of his mother's beliefs deeply influenced Arthur, and, possibly contradictorily, while he doesn't believe in god, he does believe in spiritis and reincarnation. Arthur also has been influenced by his family's Catholic backgroud, specially by his maternal grandmother. He appreciates the figures of Jesus Christ and Our Lady, however, he does not recognize them as bearer of any kind of supernatural abilities. Arthur tries to explain his belief through metaphysics and rationalism and study physics and cosmology as a mean to understand the universe and try and reach conclusions on wether deities and spirits are plausible of existence.

Interests and hobbies

A proffessional historian, Arthur particularly enjoys Brazilian, Portuguese, Iberian and Islamic history, having a master's degree in history of Brazil. In addition, he has a myriad of interests that he pursues as far as possible such as geopolitics, numismatics vexillology, cartography, linguistics, literature, biology, philosophy, physics, astronomy, music, occultism and esoterism, besides being a regular player of online games and RPG. Arthur considers himself a polymath.

Arthur's favourite authors include Howard Philips Lovecraft and Machado de Assis, and his favourite book is Bram Stoker's Dracula. He is a big reader of political history, political history, horror, fantasy and romance. His favorite music genres include metal, hard rock, new-age, old samba and classical music, and his favorite singer is the Norwegian vocalist Jorn Lande. Arthur is also a big fan of the band Disturbed and the supergroup Ayreon, and singers such as w:Loreena McKennitt. Since 2011 he has been a player of the RPGs Dungeons and Dragons and Tormenta, occasionally GMing sessions. Also, since 2011, he is an active editor of English Wikipedia.

The son of a umbandist ceremonial magician mother, despite considering himself irreligious, Arthur developed a deep interest in occultism and often studies things related to the occult, shamanism, animism, spiritism and esotericism, while he avoids practicing these arts. According to priests of umbanda and adherents of spiritism, including his own mother and paternal grandmother, Arthur is a medium and protected by Omolu, Yorubá deity of disease and healing. In occultism, Arthur considers himself an adept of the left-hand path and has many esoteric objects inherited from his mother with which he intends to learn magical practices in the future.

Titles, styles and honours

Styles of
Arthur as King of Ebenthal
Reference styleHis Majesty
Spoken styleYour Majesty
Alternative styleSire
Styles of
Arthur as Duke of Marienbourg
Reference styleSerene Highness
Spoken styleYour Serene Highness
Alternative styleSire

Titles and styles

  • 28 January 1998 – present: His Excellency Fidalgo Arthur Bruyn[d]
  • 28 January 2014 – 29 December 2019: His Majesty The King of Roschfallen
  • 29 December 2019 – present: His Majesty The King of Ebenthal[10]
  • 8 July 2020 – 4 November 2022: His Imperial Majesty The Socialist Soviet Emperor[e]
  • 26 December 2022 – present: His Majesty The Duke of Marienbourg

As King of Ebenthal his full style and title is: "By Grace of God and Popular Will, King of All Ebenthal either side of the Mountain Range and Beyond, Defender of the Independence, Lord of the Northern Hills, Prince of Triunphus, Engern-Tonna and Blumenau, Duke of Abbās, Refoles, Zëgret, Count of Bruyn and in Sealand, Fidalgo".

As Duke of Marienbourg his full personal style and title is: "By the Grace of God and the Will of the Nation, Duke of Marienbourg, Abbās, Refoles and Zëgret, Prince of Baths, Engern-Tonna and Blumenau, Count of Bruyn and in Sealand, Fidalgo and First Servant of State".

Honours

National honours

As King of Ebenthal and Duke of Marienbourg, Arthur is Grand Master of the following orders:

Foreign honours

Arthur has also been decorated with a number of other honours:

Forfeit honours

Arthur also willingly gave up or was disconnected from the following orders:

Extended content

Military appointments

Extended content
Ebenthal Commander-in-Chief and Generalíssimo Royal Reserve Force
Vishwamitra Honorary General (RELINQUISHED) Royal Vishwamitran Army
Baustralia Chief petty officer His Royal Navy
Karnia-Ruthenia Aide-de-Camp to the Emperor [12] Karno-Ruthenian Army
Karnia-Ruthenia Honorary Colonel of the Imperial and Royal Regiment of Hussars[12] Karno-Ruthenian Army

Ancestry

The ancestry of King Arthur:

Notes

  1. Prime ministers and Archchancellors.
  2. A Portuguese noble title, recognized by the Portuguese Republic.
  3. He founded the Socialist Soviet Empire, becoming its first Emperor, but abdicated the throne in 2022. He also was elected Chairman of the Volkshaus of the Nuremberg Commune and was appointed Acting Regent of the Lateran State.
  4. In Portugal. Although the Portuguese Republic does not issue titles of nobility, it recognizes titles confirmed by judicial request.
  5. Retroactively adapted from his then-reigning title of Emperor of the Soviet Workers.

References

  1. The Achsen News. Absence of elected king causes reaction by the Electoral College. Published on 12 January 2021. Retrieved on 13 June 2021.
  2. The Clan Brum. Published on 8 December 2019. Retrieved on 1 January 2021.
  3. NS Cache. Pre-Ebenthali territory. Retrieved on 5 October 2020. Published on 25 June 2017
  4. NS Cache. Liberal League Retrieved on 24 January 2020. Published on 1 January 2017.
  5. Libertian Archives. Ministries of the Imperial and Royal Household of Karnia-Ruthenia. Retrieved in 26 August 2020.
  6. Conferência de Santiago. Treaty of Santiago. 12 April 2020.
  7. MicroWiki. 2020 in the MicroWiki community. Published 4 January 2021. Retrieved 13 June21.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Citadel. Imperial and Royal Decree n. 197-2O2O Retrieved in 26 August 2020. Published in 1 August 2020.
  9. Crônicas do Riachuelo. Entrevista com o Secretário-Geral da Conferência de Santiago. Published on 9 June 2022. Retrieved on 23 June 2022.
  10. Ministry of Information.Royal Decree No 168-2020. Published on 20 August 2020. Retrieved on 26 August 2020.
  11. Hanseatic Government. Order of Aracy. Published on 18 February 2022. Retrieved on 18 February 2022.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Emperor-King. "Imperial and Royal Decree n. 214-2O21, O1 August 2O21". Persenburg Citadel.
  13. Emperor King. "Imperial and Royal Decree n. 156-2O18, O1 August 2O18: ESTABLISH List of Honors of August 2018". Persenburg Citadel.
  14. Emperor King (24 December 2021). "Imperial and Royal Decree n. 225-2O21, 24 December 2021". Persenburg Citadel.
  15. Emperor King. "Imperial and Royal Decree n. 197-2O2O, O1 August 2O2O: ESTABLISH List of Honors of August 2020".
  16. Ministry of Informayion. King of Ebenthal is knighted at the Order of Schkoppe by the Stadhouder of Mauritia. Published on 17 july 2020. Retrieved in 26 August 2020
  17. Ministry of Information. King Arthur II receives the Burgundy's Vengeance Medal Published on 31 May 2020. Retrieved on 26 August 2020.
  18. Occidian Government.Emperor Oscar I releases 1st Imperial Edict and intentions to reorganize national decorations. Retrieved on 5 October 2020. Published on 3 October 2020.
  19. 19.0 19.1 .Reina Maria. "Letters Patent No. 10: Sovereign Princess grants Foundation Day Honours 2021".
  20. Reina Maria. "Letters Patent No. 5: Grant of the Order of Ottokar on the King of Ebenthal".
  21. 21.0 21.1 Reina Maria. "Letters Patent No. 28".
  22. Varuna Sriraya (1 August 2021). "ROYAL DECREE No. – 198/2021".


Arthur II of Ebenthal
Born: 28 January 1998
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Mateus I
As High King
King of Ebenthal
29 December 2019 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
New title
King of Roschfallen
28 January 2014 – 29 December 2019
Succeeded by
Fernando I
Preceded by
New title
Socialist Soviet Emperor
8 July 2020 – 4 November 2022
Succeeded by
Andrey I
Preceded by
New title
Duke of Marienbourg
26 December 2022 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Royal titles
Preceded by
New title
Prince of Blumenau
17 January 2021 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Prince Paulo
Prince Imperial of Schneeblutig
14 January 2016 – 1 April 2020
Succeeded by
None
Title vacant
Noble titles
Preceded by
New creation
Prince of Engern-Tonna
in Karnia-Ruthenia

1 August 2020 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
New creation
Prince of Triunphus
in Roschfallen

23 March 2020 – 8 October 2022
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
New creation
Duke of Abbās
in Harram

16 February 2017 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
New creation
Duke of Damão
in Vishwamitra

25 March 2021 – 28 October 2022
Succeeded by
None
Changes in system
Preceded by
New creation
Marquis of the Water Valley
in The Manso

2018 – 2 April 2020
Succeeded by
None
Title voluntarily relinquished
Preceded by
New creation
Count of Bruyn
in Lifréia

25 December 2022 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
New creation
Count in Sealand
28 January 2020 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
New creation
Baron in Sealand
26 January 2016 – 28 January 2020
Succeeded by
Dignity elevated
Preceded by
Armando Brum
Heir to the Baronate of Roches and Fidalgo
in Portugal

28 January 1998 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Oscar I of Karnia-Ruthenia
Secretary-General of the Conference of Santiago
5 January 2022 – 5 July 2022
Succeeded by
Thomas I of Quinta Velha
Preceded by
Office established
Regent of Achsen
10 December 2020 – 10 June 2021
Succeeded by
Bruno I
(as King of the Hanseatics)
Preceded by
Office established
Chairman of the Volkshaus
5 July 2020 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Office established
People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs
5 July 2020 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Office assumed
Kingdom of Manso's Senator
2018
Succeeded by
None
Relinquished office
Preceded by
Ari Thomaz-Rocha
Ministry of the Imperial and Royal Household
10 March 2018 – 25 April 2019
Succeeded by
Sânia von und zu Freiburg
Preceded by
Office established
Chairman of the Liberal League
8 August 2014 – 27 April 2016
Succeeded by
None
Office abolished
Preceded by
Office assumed
Privy Councilor of Vishwamitra
10 July 2022 – 2 November 2022
Succeeded by
Office relinquished
Preceded by
Office assumed
Consul-General of Vishwamitra in Rio de Janeiro
29 September 2021 – 2 November 2022
Succeeded by
N/A
Preceded by
Office assumed
Chargé d'affaires of Vishwamitra to Brazil
5 April 2022 – 2 November 2022
Succeeded by
N/A