United Provinces of Mauritia

From MicroWiki, the micronational encyclopædia
Jump to: navigation, search
United Provinces of Mauritia
Províncias Unidas de Mauricia (Portuguese)
Verenigde Provinciën van Mauritia (Dutch)
Flag of Mauritia
Flag
Coat of arms of Mauritia
Coat of arms
Motto: 
"Cras Es Noster"
"The Future is Ours"
MauriciaMap1.png
Area claimed by Mauritia in orange.
Capital
and largest city
Mauritsstad
Official languagesPortuguese; Dutch
Other languagesFrench
Religion(2020)Catholicism
DemonymMaurense
GovernmentFederal aristocratic crowned republic
Lucas of Woestein
Lucas Fridericus Wilhemus, Marquis of Frag
LegislatureEstates General
National Senate
Established
• Foundation
03 July 2013
24 July 2013
• Revival
01 November 2015
20 April 2020
• Water (%)
TBD
Population
• 2020 estimate
180
GVA (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
TBD
• Per capita
TBD
GVA (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
TBD
• Per capita
TBD
EPI (2020) 2.22
medium
CGSC (2020) 4.40
very high · 6th
CurrencyFlorin (MFL)
Time zoneBRT (UTC−3)
• Summer (DST)
BRST (UTC−2)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code+55
Internet TLD.xyz

Mauritia, officialy United Provinces of Mauritia (Portuguese: Províncias Unidas de Maurícia; Dutch: Verenigde Provinciën van Mauritia), is a virtualist micronation overlapping most of northeastern Brazil in South America. With over 180 citizens, Mauritian territory is divided in 5 provinces, it's capital and largest city is Mauritsstad. While the Portuguese is the lingua franca, along with the Dutch they are the country's two official languages, while the French is recognized as a diplomatic language.

Mauritia was established by twenty Réunian and Pasargadan citizens in 2013 claiming to be a successor state to the Dutch colony of Brazil (1630-1654), and thus, claiming the former Dutch-administrated territories in Brazil. The micronation grew to be one of the most important Brazilian micronations. It's constituion was adopted that same year and the government was established mostly based on the Dutch Republic. Although the micronational activity never ceased in Mauritia, it slowed down until 2015 with the establishment of a new government. In

Mauritianse's economy calculation is being accomplished by means of the Gross Value Added, instead of Gross Domestic Product. Nonetheless, Mauritia's budget is stable. A leading country, Mauritia is a great power in both the Lusophone and Brazilian sectors (Mauritia is most known in the Lusophone sector as the major micronation of Portuguese language amongst its pairs, being regarded, beside the Holy Empire of Réunion, as the greatest Lusophone superpower), being a founding-member of the last, and can be considered either a small or middle power in some intermicronational affairs out of the sectors it belongs to, due to a quasi-isolationist policy, with its activities focused on the sectors to which it belongs. On the course of it's history, Mauritia has been part of the Micronational Monarchies Organization and in 2020 it joined the Conference of Santiago as a special member.

Etimology

The constitution defines the country's official name as United Provinces of Mauritia.

The country's proper name, Mauritia, was a homage after John Maurice, Prince of Nassau-Siegen, Governor of Dutch Brazil, and it means land of Mauritius. The title-name of the country, United Provinces, is a referrence to the Dutch Republic common name of United Provinces of the Netherlands.

History

Establishment

The micronation was founded on 03 July 2013 and on the same day, the country's Constituent Assembly began. The following day, the second session of the Assembly elected a director of the table for the Assembly; the choosen was Sílvia Soares. A provisional government was elected, with Felipe Aron as Chancellor, Lucas of Woestein as Minister of Justice, Fábio Pedro Racoski as Minister of Immigration, André Cyranka as Minister of Interior, and Lucas Willem as Minister of Communication.

On 24 July, hours before the promulgation of the Constitution, the Assembly elected the Stadhouder: Lucas of Woestein. The new head of state promulgated the Constitution and called elections for the first legislature of the National Senate the following day. Three days later, the Stadhouder inaugurated the Senate, formed by Felipe Aron, Silvia Soares, Fábio Pedro Racoski, Lucas d'Albuquerque, Tiberio de Salgueiro, Lucas Vitor Sena; Fábio Racoski was elected chancellor, Felipe Aron was elected president of the Senate. This first government would be overthrown shortly afterwards, with Aron being elected Chancellor.

In December of that year, there were new elections, with Lucas Morais being elected chancellor, but the country collapsed because the new opposition did not accept to lose the elections and left the United Provinces; a hiatus was established.

Revival

In November 2015, national activity was resumed under the provisional government of the Duke of Salgueiro; shortly afterwards, in December, a senate was elected, and Lucas Morais finally took office as Chancellor; since then, Mauritia has been stable, with its offices fulfilled by the right constitucional way, through elections and appointments.

Later on this period, King Felipe VII of the micronational Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves (Portuguese: Reino de Portugal e Algarves, or shortened RUPA. Do not mistake for Rupaul, host of the show RuPaul's Drag Race) abdicated, leaving the throne vacant. Understanding that the Micro-portuguese constitution would irremediably appoints him as successor to the throne, on the conditions that he was the highest noble at that court (entitle Duke of Vigo), the Stadhouder of Mauricia claimed the Micro-portuguese throne and titles. Againt his predictions, a popular inssurection installed a new government which declared war on Mauricia. The Mauritianse micronation and modelist "micronation" fought as using every way they could, but the pressure was already too high and the timing was lost. The war ended with the Stadhouder abdicating his pretensions to the Micro-portuguese throne to the de facto reigning King Marcelo I.

In 2020 Mauritia joined the Brazilian sector, born out of conflicts at the Lusophone sector. Eventually the country also joined the Conference of Santiago, an intermicronational organization of derivatist and expanding virtualist character. The Convention of Mauritsstad was developed and signed in Mauritia's capital, and the micronation experienced a boom on its intermicronational relations, by signing treaties of mutual-recogniziton with several members of the new sector and related nations.

Government and politics

The United Provinces of Mauritia is constitutionally defined as federal constituional republic essentially aristocratic, but de facto the country works as parliamentary constitutional monarchy, sometimes referred to as a crowned republic. The head of state is called Stadhouder, resposible for appointing the head of government, the Guardians of Justice(judges) and the Provider-General of Justice (the head of the Public Ministry), as well as call for elections, and his position is elective. The head of government is called Chancellor, appointed by the Stadhouder after hearing the parliament; the Chancellor is always the leader of the parliamentary majority. He governs on behalf of the Stadhouder, assisted by his Ministers and Secretaries of State; he is doubly responsible to Parliament and the Crown.

Legislative power is exercised through a bicameral system composed by the National Senate and the Estates-General. The National Senate is the elected legislature, with a fixed number of senators for each province, according to the province's own statute (which may be the territory of the generality, community, autonomous community and canton, which gives it a certain number senators); in the last session of the legislature, the National Senate decides whether the next legislature to be convened will be the Estates General or the National Senate.

The Estates General are the universal representation of all feudal lords of Mauritia; each member has one vote for each feud he has. The National Senate is elected by the Provincial General States; the provincial general states of each province elect their senators (according to the number they are entitled to represent) from among their members; the principle is the same as that of the national Estates General: one vote for each feud held there.

Judicature

The judiciary is composed of the Department of Guardians of Justice, with lifelong judges, appointed by the Stadhouder and approved by parliament (the Guardians of Justice); the head of the Department is the "First Guardian of Justice", the longest serving judge; each guardian, in fact, is titled according to the order of arrival: First Guardian, Second Guardian, Third Guardian, etc.

The accusatory body is made by the Department of the Provider-General of Justice's Office, composed of career Provider-General, appointed by the Stadhouder and elected by parliament, for life as well; formerly it was called Public Defender's Office, but it changed its name; for each term, which is the pleasure of the Stadhouder, an Provider-General of Justice is chosen.

Military

The Stadhouder, as Captain-General of the Royal Armed Forces, is the paramount commander of all the military. His command is exercised, in his name, by the Chief of Staff General of the Royal Armed Forces, an officer who is breveted in the most higher military rank through its term.

The Royal Armed Forces are: the Royal Army (Régio Exército), the Royal Navy (Régia Armada) and the Royal National Guard (Régia Guarda Nacional), each one with different atributions. The Royal Army is responsible for territorial administration when it is not provided by the Government (outmost responsible by colonial territories) and website engineering; the Royal Navy is responsible for espionage and counterespionage; and the Royal National Guard acts a gendarmerie, entrusted with police power through all the national territory.

Political divisions

Foreign policy

Mauritia maintains diplomatic relations with most Lusophone micronations such as the Holy Empire of Réunion, the Karno-Ruthenian Empire, the State of Lateran Territories and the Kingdom of Ebenthal, among others. Pursuing a consistent sectorial isolatioanism, Mauritia became a powerhouse within the Lusophone sector but remained largley unknown to foreign micronations. Some of the few non-Lusophone micronations in contact with Mauritia are the Grand Duchy of Flandrensis, the United Principalities of Glencoe and Lochaber and the Republic of Rino Island, besides Karnia-Ruthenia and Ebenthal which are also part of other sectors such as the Czech sector and the Anglophone sector.

In 2020 Mauritia joined the newly-created Brazilian sector and assented to some of its treaties and views on micronationalism, thus, by signing the Convention of Mauritsstad, Mauritia ceased to recognize simulationism and historical-modelism as real micronationalism, which is now nationally understood as restrict to derivatist and virtualist micronations, on the grounds that simulationist and historical-modelist models are overly fantasious.

A list of criteria is adopted for Mauritius to recognize a micronation or establish diplomatic relations, being:

  • Self-declared manifesto of the micropathiological project;
  • Referential territory;
  • Platform for social interaction and micronational practice, which can be self-hosted on its own or third party internet domain, or electronic mailing lists;
  • Population larger than an individual;
  • Culture;
  • Government installed;
  • Ability to relate harmoniously with other micronations.

Economy

Infrastructure

Demographics

Race and ethnicity

Religion

Language

Culture

Heraldry

Cuisine

Literature

Sports

National holidays

See also

References