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Secessionism is an ideological and micropatrological school of thought (opposite from simulationism) that asserts the central purpose of a micronation is to secede from its home country, or macronation.
Ability to Secede
The central part of the secessionist ideology is that a micronation's first goal should be to secede from a macronation and gain sovereignty. Achievement of that goal rests on the micronation's ability to secede. No state classified as a micronation has been able to achieve absolute sovereignty or recognition by a macronation, thus elevating its status. However, many modern micronations still strive to achieve this goal.
Clash with Simulationism
Prominent simulationists, such as Parker I, criticize secessionism due to the lack of ability to secede, calling it deluded and unreasonable. However, secessionist thinkers, such as Brayden Yates, defend the idea, saying that the work put into micronationalism is pushed towards this goal, else it is futile. Secessionist are not necessarily at odds with simulationists.
Both sides of the Secessionist-Simulationist divide claim their side to be a more serious take on micronationalism. K'lingin Nixtorb and the aforementioned Brayden Yates argue that serious micronationalism must have secession as its end goal. Simulationists, however, will argue that it is the other way around.
Popularity of secessionism
According to a survey conducted by the National Statistics Office of the Usian Republic in November 2014 in which 30 micronations took part, roughly 47% of micronations are secessionist. 27% of participating micronations identified as simulationist micronations and about a quarter said they were a mixture of both.