Oscar I, Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia

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Oscar I
His Imperial and Royal Majesty,
the Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia
Oscar I in 2015, by André Vieira.
Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia
Reign 10 March 2016 - present
Predecessor Throne established
King of Ruthenia
Reign 20 November 2014 - present
Predecessor King Ari of Ruthenia
Emperor of Karnia
Reign 10 March 2016 - present
Predecessor Anton I
Domnitor of the Carpathia
Reign 24 October 2015 - 09 July 2016
Predecessor Throne established
Successor Alexander XII
Co-Monarch Alexander XII
Consort Paloma, Empress of Karnia
House House of Götzö-Thomaz-Rocha
Father Archduke Ari of Karnia
Mother Archduchess Denise of Karnia
Born 14 August 1991 (1991-08-14) (age 27)
São Paulo, Brazil 125px-Flag of Brazil.svg.png
Occupation Landlord, manager
Religion Roman Catholicism

Oscar I (German: Oskar I, Hungarian: I. Oszkár, Croatian: Oskar I, Czech: Oskar I, Slovenian: Oskar I, Romanian: Oskar I), is the Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia, King of Horvatia and Acrin.

On 19 November 2014, Ari of Ruthenia abdicated the throne after one day as King of Ruthenia, which allowed Ari's son, Oscar to ascend to the throne. The event took place in the Royal Capital, the name of Persenburg at that time. Although largely considered to be conservative, Oscar spent his early reign promoting democracy through legislation in his domains. He changed the course of Ruthenia, created to be an absolute monarchy, to turn the micronation into a constitutional monarchy.

During his reign, Ruthenia witnessed a steady expansion, comprising several micronational projects which gave varying degrees of autonomy, reaching its apex in the signing of the Karno-Ruthenian Compromise of 2016[1], hence assuming the Imperial Crown of Karnia and transforming the Kingdom of Ruthenia into the Karno-Ruthenian Empire under his Dual Monarchy[2].

Early Life

Oscar was born on 14 August 1991, in Notrê-Dâme Hospital, in São Paulo, Brazil. He was the only child of the Archduke Ari, at that time a prince descendant of Crusader nobility and Archduchess Denise, member of an old aristocratic Hungarian family[3][4], in a period where the Royal Family did not rule a micronation, but functioned as a Sovereign House[5]. His father was son of Duke Francis and Duchess Judith. As a son of a Prince of Ruthenia, Oscar was styled "His Highness, Prince Oscar of Ruthenia" at birth, but during adolescence, he stopped using his father's family title in favour of his maternal family's title, "His Grace, the Count von Goëtzën", arguing that he is the oldest and last surviving member of the family of his mother and therefore the only possible heir to the title. He was baptised at St. Stephen of Hungary's Church on 1996[6].

Oscar grew up in far from Alto da Solidão, the former capital of his future kingdom[7]. He attend Mário de Andrade High School[8] and the Law University[9], graduating in 2013. He used to be described as someone interested in History and someone who likes the exercise of leadership. His maternal family was composed by European immigrants, who raised him linked to European reality, especially the Hungarian culture. He is able to speak Portuguese, English and understand French, Spanish and German[10].

Early Micronational Life

He join his first micronation in 2009, the Lusophone and simulationist Kingdom of France, where he used an alias to be a soldier and a Chevalier of Order of Joan d'Arc. There, he understands how it worked the political simulation within a micronation. Two months later, Oscar had to leave micronational activity but kept in touch with micronationalists he had known. After a hiatus, he join the equally lusophone ans simulationist Kingdom of Italy, where he was Minister of Immigration and Social Integration. He faced problems with the aristocracy as minister, as second Oscar would report later, he felt that "the law did not apply to the King's friends, especially if it was a noble". At that time, Oscar would envision a micronational project, which would later be the Kingdom of Ruthenia. During a brief experience, he was Austro-Hungarian Emperor in a Anglophone simulationist country, that was not well accepted and which ended with his reign in a few days. Despite his knowledge of simulationists micronations, he became a trully and independent sovereign of a secessionist micronational project.


Crown Prince and Grand Duke of Ruthenia

Royal Standard of His Majesty, as King of the Ruthenians.

He and his father acquired some properties in northeast of Brazil, where his family used to retain some prerrogatives and influence among the locals. Enjoying the opportunity, he estabilish the Kingdom of Ruthenia and in the following days after he took his new royal title, he created ministeries, government agencies, a flag, a coat of arms, the General Assembly and estabilish friendly relationship with several micronations around the world[11].

The kingdom derives its name from the ancestry people of his mother's family and was never challenged by subjects, although some foreign criticism[12]. The idea of the name, far beyond its beautiful sound, would come from the fact that the mother of the king, the Archduchess Denise, have Hungarian and Ruthenian ancestry. In ancestral land of his paternal family, a micronation was built with influences of his maternal family. For a few months, there was some confusion on who would have been the first king. The Royal House, on 30 March 2015, decided that his father, the then Duke Ari, was the first King for a few hours, making Oscar, officially, the second King of Ruthenia[13][14].

H.I.&R.M. the Emperor-King, at São Paulo Municipal Theatre, late 2015.

King of the Ruthenians

The first months of his reign were turbulent. The state of near civil war between the English and Portuguese-speaking micronationalists nearly ruined the kingdom, since in the end the warring members of the government were expelled from the micronation, emptying the micronational project in its infancy and culminating in a Royal Dictatorship that ended only with the promulgation of a constitution that turned the Ruthenia in a democracy. Later, it was joked that the Ruthenian Constitution of 2015[15], have been based in the Russian Constitution of 1906, Ruthenia ceased to be a "potentially Autocratic Monarchy" to become a "Constitutional Monarchy governed by an Autocratic Monarch". Nevertheless, Oscar ruled moderately and with deep respect to the General Assembly's decisions[16].

With the government's stabilization, Oscar began to enjoy a certain prestige and is widely decorated by various micronations and succeeding in being recognized by important micronations. It also occurs throughout his reign, some invitations to be crowned monarch of other micronations. His reign was essential to make Ruthenia, even young, a thriving micronation, with solid foundations and freedoms guaranteed by a constitution, a civil code and a penal code, respecting international agreements, the most famous with the Antarctic Micronational Union[17] after the annexation of the Grand Duchy of Gaussland[18] and banning totalitarian doctrines in Ruthenian territory[19][20], like Fascism and Communism, which was an ardent opponent.

During his first year of reign, the Duchy of Libertia was united to Ruthenia. He also faced and was triumphant against the attempted coup d'état in October 2015 and is widely recognized for his personal diplomacy, almost always successful.

Emperor of Badakistan and King of Bessabia

During the first half of 2015, the experienced Brazilian micronationalist Filipe Machado and Oscar of Ruthenia informally started to talk about systems of government, its practical application, the appearance of a micronation, its location and the policies that should be implemented in short and long term to a project flow properly between Portuguese-speakers micronationalists, especially the Brazilians. When Filipe Machado left the project which he participated, Oscar of Ruthenia was quick to offer their ideas as the starting point for a new project. This resulted in the foundation of the State of Bessabia, which would be part of the Kingdom of Ruthenia, but would be focused on Portuguese and Brazilian micronations, featuring high degree of autonomy, including diplomatic freedom, albeit under supervision and judge of Ruthenia. Thus, when the State of Bessabia was founded, the crown was offered to the King of Ruthenia, whose first official act was the signing of a Bessabian Constitution and the appointment of Filipe Machado as Minister-President, the Head of Government of the new kingdom.

Less than a month after the annexation of Bessabia, one of the biggest allies of Ruthenia between the Portuguese-speaking micronations, the Badakistan, went into a dizzying dismantling of democracy and disappearance of micronational activity. In this scenario, the Ruthenian diplomacy interfered in the case and through intense negotiations, the King of Ruthenia became, on 20 September, the Emperor of Badakistan[21][22]. Two weeks later, Badakistan would absorb the Bessabian claim and unify their projects.

Despite Emperor Oscar's reign have been relatively successful and well accepted by most reputable micronations, he was a highly unpopular monarch. His subjects rejected him to see he was a foreigner who did not identify himself with the micronation and who cared about the Anglophone sector, more than the Lusophone. Between the end of November and the first week of December of 2015, the political situation was unsustainable. The return of former monarch Jaffar Sheri brought concerns and uncertainties. Willing to regain the throne, he sought the support of other micronations and garnered support among the aristocracy and the military.

Anticipating the coup through informations from the Ruthenian Secret Service, the Emperor decreed the dissolution of the Majlis, the parliament and took upon himself the command of the armed forces. Provided with dictatorial powers, Oscar contacted the Stadhouder of the United Provinces of Mauricia to hand over sovereignty over the territory, ending the Badakistan as an independent and sovereign micronation. A union treaty was signed in the last hours of the 08 December 2015[23]. The Badakistan became a province of a traditional Brazilian micronation and the then Emperor, deprived of his power, assumed the title of "Hereditary Lord of Badakistan Lands"[24].

King of Acrin

H.M. signing the Treaty of Alcatraz on 06 January 2016.

The first micronation to recognize the Kingdom of Ruthenia and therefore the reign of Oscar I was the Kingdom of Acrin, which had been founded a few days before, on 04 November 2014. During the first four months of existence, the King and his government were devoted to foreign relations, the formulation of their national symbols, which suffered greatly Ruthenian influence and attempts to attract investment and establish connections with other micronations, misguided attitudes that made the inexperienced government of the time lose much of their enthusiasm and credibility.

Over the next eight months, no activity was observed and the Ruthenian Government, the greatest ally of Acrin at the time, issued an ultimatum: either Acrin answer their messages within one month counting of that date, or the King of the Ruthenians, as Aristocratic Chieftain of the Clan of Acrin, would claim the throne for himself. There was no answer. In the words of King Eitan himself when he made the King of the Ruthenians the Aristocratic Cheftain of the Clans of Acrin, he explained that "You lead all the families as one aristocrat". Based on this interpretation, Oscar of Ruthenia not only was the last active Acrinian noble, as was also responsible for leading the nobility of Acrin. Thus, with the government abandoned, it would be an obligation of Ruthenians to protect the micronation.

Through a special decree of 15 December 2015, Oscar of Ruthenia dethroned King Eitan, granting to him, however, the title of Prince Szteinbaum of Acrin. In the same act, he removed the entire autonomy of Acrin, making the kingdom a little more than a Ruthenian province. Other executive acts were issued by the new king, who ordered new flag, new coat of arms, new capital and advertising his rise, which was greeted with enthusiasm in Ruthenia[25].

Carpathia and the Year of Ruthenian-Pavlovian Fiendship

"Year of Ruthenian-Pavlovian Fiendship" poster.

On early October 2015, the Emperor of Pavlov and Oscar of Ruthenia talked about the Romanian culture and means to promote it, especially among micronationalists who identify with the aforementioned culture. The idea took shape at the end of the month, when Pavlov founded the Principality of the Carpathia, with the two monarchs as co-Domnitori[26].[27]. On 24 October 2015, Oscar told to Pavlovians that that day "should be remembered as the Day of the Ruthenian-Pavlovian Friendship". On 22 November 2015, the Household of His Imperial Majesty, the Emperor of Pavlov, announced that 2016 shall be the year of Pavlovian-Ruthenian Friendship[28]. The first event of the Year of Ruthenian-Pavlovian Fiendship was the creation of a common decoration in the Principality of the Carpathia, the Order of St. Daniil Sihastrul on 13 January 2016. The approach between the two micronations was reinforced in general, but the celebrations itself decreased exponentially as the two micronations went through major internal changes.

On 09 July 2016, the Household of Their Royal Highness-es the Co-Domnitori Alexander XII and Oscar I, has announced that the Domnitor Oscar abdicated from the Princely throne of the Carpathia leaving the throne solely to Alexander XII. This was done as a part of the Treaty of Alexandrești, signed by the two co-Domnitori, by which the Carpathia would become a constituent state of the Karno-Ruthenian Empire[29].

Emperor of Karnia and the Compromise of 2016

The Emperor-King and the Empress during the Micronational Summit of São Paulo, 25 June 2016.

After several problems to establish a functioning government, a constitution, and especially in achieving recognition of other micronations, the government of the Empire of Karnia realized a micronational project was much more difficult to develop than they would have imagined. When the Kingdom of Ruthenia offered the necessary help, they accepted enthusiastically. For weeks, while governments and their sovereigns approached, the Ruthenian government provided help, teaching from the writing of decrees to the making of national symbols. They guided the creation of a page on Facebook and Twitter, as well as the material to be presented, but nothing was successful.

With the break between the Kaiser and the Minister-President caused precisely by disagreements about the conduct of government, the government of Karnia requested Ruthenian intervention. The cost of this intervention to save the newly created project was to deliver the Imperial Crown to the King of the Ruthenians. In return, the project would be expanded and be at par with the Kingdom of Ruthenia. The result of this negotiation was the Karno-Ruthenian Compromise of 2016.

Under the terms of the Compromise, Karnia and Ruthenia would maintain separate parliaments each with its own prime minister under a single monarch. In the Ruthenian half, the King-appointed Government would be responsible only to the Parliament instead of the King, which gave Ruthenian a great amount of autonomy, especially in internal matters. In the Karnian half, however, the Emperor would have the power to both appoint and dismiss its Prime Minister and cabinet members. The monarch's common government, in which its ministers were appointed by the Monarch and responsible to him, had the responsibility for the armed forces, foreign policy and for the customs union.

Titles, styles and honors

Monarchical styles of
Oscar, Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia
Reference style His Imperial and Royal Majesty
Spoken style Your Imperial and Royal Majesty
Alternative style Sire

Alternative Titles and Styles

  • 14 August 1991 – 18 November 2014: His Grace, Count von Götzö.
  • 19 November 2014 - 20 November 2014: His Royal Highness, Crown Prince and Grand Duke of Ruthenia.
  • 20 November 2014 - present: His Royal Majesty, the King of the Ruthenians.
    • 20 September 2015 - 08 December 2015: His Imperial Majesty, the Emperor of Badakistan.
    • 29 August 2015 - present: His Royal Majesty, the King of Bessabia.
    • 24 October 2015 - 07 July 2016: His Royal Highness, the Domnitor of the Carpathia.
    • 15 December 2015 - present: His Royal Majesty, the King of Acrin.
  • 10 March 2016 - present: His Imperial and Royal Majesty, the Emperor of Karnia and King of Ruthenia.

Full titles as King until 2016

His Royal Majesty, Oscar the First, by the Grace of God, King of the Ruthenians, King of Acrin, King of Bessabia, Domnitor of the Carpathia, Grand Duke of Gaussland and Grand Duke of Escandia, Prince de Thomaz-Rocha, Prince of North America, Grand Duke of Grevenia and Caledonia, Count of Bihar, Duke of Persenburg-Götzödorf, Lord of Alto da Solidão, Hereditary Prince of Água Branca and Other Domains, Prince of the Land of St. Stephen and Duke of the Land of St. Peter and St. Paul, Marquis of Arpuro, Despot of Halych, Grand Duke of Imvrassia, Baron von Goëtzën of Abeldane, Hereditary Lord of the Badakistani Lands and Grand-Master of Royal Order of St. Stephen and of the Orders of St. Peter and St. Paul.

Full titles as Emperor-King

His Imperial and Royal Majesty, Oscar the First, by the Grace of God, Emperor of Karnia and King of Ruthenia, King of Bessabia, King of Acrin, King of Horvatia, Szolnók, Geza, Letingia, Escandia, King of Jestia, etc.; Archduke of Karnia, Grand Duke of Gaussland, Caledonia; Duke of Ladislavia, Hoheneinsamkeit, Weißeswasser, Csorna, Chedowski, Balaton; Grand Prince of Karcag, Margrave of Luftrein, Duke of Persenburg, Götzödorf, Mohács, Pannonhalm, Podenbrad, Gyalla, Oswiencin, Zallanta, Cieszpreg, Fertodin, Rugoz, Árpád; Princely Count of Bihar, Tamaz, Koberg, Gerizia, Grevênia; Prince of Thomaz-Rocha, Bersód; Margrave of Upper and Lower Lusitia; Count of Heves, Feldkirchenberg, Brevento, Szentes, etc.; Lord of Fürstenbergserdboden, Kazin, etc., etc. etc.


Order of the Edelweiss

Order of St. Stephen Order of St. Peter Order of St. Paul Order of the Foundation of the Kingdom of Ruthenia

Order of the Ruthenian Star Order of the Ruthenian Crown Order of the Ruthenian Eagle Order of the Royal House of Ruthenia

Order of the Lion Order of Ottokar Order of St. George Order of St. Bartholomew

Order of the Imperium Abludum Order of the Emperor Penguin Order of the Black Griffin Grand Cross of Letzembourg

Order of King Henry the Lion Order of Lundenwic Regal National Order of Schkoppe Order of the Marquis

Order of the Ruthenian Crown Order of the Foundation of the Kingdom of Ruthenia Order of the Ruthenian Star Order of the Royal House of Ruthenia Order of St. Peter Order of Ottokar

Karno-Ruthenian decorations

Carpathian decorations

Badakistani decorations

Foreign decorations

H.I.&R.M. in his uniform of Marshal of the Royal Army of Ruthenia, c. 2014, unknown artist.

Military Command

Honorary Appointments


See also


  1. "Karno-Ruthenian Empire Created!", The Ruthenian Observer, 16 March 2016.
  2. "March Announcement", news by the Ruthenian Government.
  3. "Oscar the first of Ruthenia", Biography by the Ruthenian Government.
  4. "Oscar, King of the Ruthenians", Biography by the Libertinian Goverment.
  5. "Royal House of Ruthenia", by the Ruthenian Government.
  6. "Oscar the first of Ruthenia", Biography by the Ruthenian Government.
  7. "Oscar the first of Ruthenia", Biography by the Ruthenian Government.
  8. "Oscar the first of Ruthenia", Biography by the Ruthenian Government.
  9. "Oscar the first of Ruthenia", Biography by the Ruthenian Government.
  10. "Oscar the first of Ruthenia", Biography by the Ruthenian Government.
  11. "Oscar, King of the Ruthenians", Biography by the Libertinian Goverment.
  12. "Oscar the first of Ruthenia", Biography by the Ruthenian Government.
  13. "Oscar the first of Ruthenia", Biography by the Ruthenian Government.
  14. "Oscar, King of the Ruthenians", Biography by the Libertinian Goverment.
  15. "The Ruthenian Constitution of 2015", by the General Assembly of the Kingdom of Ruthenia.
  16. "Oscar the first of Ruthenia", Biography by the Ruthenian Government.
  17. Kingdom of Ruthenia granted AMU membership, AMU Bulletin, 29 July 2015.
  18. Decree Annexing the Kaiser Wilhelm II Land to Ruthenia, 30 June 2015.
  19. "Banning and other Options", The Ruthenian Observer, 24 April 2015.
  20. "Headlines - May/2015", The Ruthenian Observer, 02 June 2015.
  21. Renunciation to the Throne, by the Shah Jaffar Shah of Badakistan, 18 September 2015.
  22. "Ruthenia, Bessabia and Badakistan - United in One Crown", by Neimar Bionaz.
  23. Ruthenian Observer #060, 20 December 2015.
  24. Ruthenian Observer #060, 20 December 2015.
  25. Ruthenian Observer #060, 20 December 2015.
  26. "Principality of the Carpathia established", news by the Carpathian Government.
  27. "Principality of the Carpathia Official Website Home page".
  28. Headlines-November/2015, 27 November 2015.
  29. Domnitor Oscar abdicates; Carpathia to become a part of the Karno-Ruthenian Empire, Official News from the Principality of Carpathia, 09 July 2016.
  30. "Reichsversammlung enacts Nobility and Peerages Act", ABELDANE TIMES, 03 March 2016.
  31. "TNC adopts Surname Law; Declares noble titles nullified"; 19 August 2016
  32. "TNC adopts Surname Law; Declares noble titles nullified"; 19 August 2016

Oscar I, Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia
Imperial and Royal House
Born: 14 August 1991
Regnal Titles
Preceded by
Monarchy estabilished
Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia
10 March 2016 – present
Succeeded by
Preceded by
King Ari of Ruthenia
King of the Ruthenians
20 November 2014 – present
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Monarchy estabilished
King of Bessabia
29 August 2015 – 07 October 2015
Succeeded by
himself as Emperor of Badakistan
Preceded by
Shah Jaffar Sheri
Emperor of Badakistan
20 September 2015 – 08 December 2015
Succeeded by
Monarchy desestabilished
Preceded by
Monarchy estabilished
Domnitor of the Carpathia
24 October 2015 – 09 July 2016
Succeeded by
Alexander XII
Preceded by
King Eitan
King of Acrin
15 December 2015 – present
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Emperor Anton
Emperor of Karnia
10 March 2016 – present
Succeeded by