Rino Island

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Republic of Rino Island
República de Rino Island (Spanish)
Flag of Rino Island
Flag
Coat of arms of Rino Island
Coat of arms
Motto: 
"Quod scripsi, scripsi"
"What is writting, write it was"
Anthem: "Sonata Pathétique" (Spanish)
"Sonata Patética"
Map of the islands of the Republic of Rino Island in the Pacific Ocean.
Map of the islands of the Republic of Rino Island in the Pacific Ocean.
Capital
and largest city
Aldea de Pedro
Official languagesSpanish
Religion(2014)Roman Catholicism
DemonymRinoislander
GovernmentConstitutional presidential republic
• President
Marco Antonio Rino
• President of the Grand Senate of Rino Island
Benedetto Samperi
• Supreme Court Judge
Severino Murieta
Carlos Sancho Santana
LegislatureGrand Senate
Independence from the Republic of Chile
• Declared
09 December 2009
20 June 2014
07 April 2020
Population
• Census
105 (citizens registered)
CGSC (2020) 4.40
very high · 11th
CurrencyUnited States Dollar
CS Doubloon
Chilean Dollar (USD)
Time zoneCLT and EAST (UTC−4 and −6)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code+56
Patron saintSan Vittorio
Internet TLD.ri

The Republic of Rino Island (Spanish: República de Rino Island), simply called Rino Island is a micronation that claims the islands of Podestá, Davis Land, Minnehaha, Elizabeth, Emily, Rivadeneyra, and others phantom islands in the south Pacific Ocean in addition to the Overseas Territory of the Village of Pedro, a colony in Europe. The country's sole official and national language is the Spanish, often called Castillian. Its capital and largest city is Aldea de Pedro, although most of the government works from Santiago de Chile.[1]

The territory claimed as part of Rino Island is mostly composed of phantom islands and thus not permanently inhabited, but regardless, it has been claimed by the Spanish Empire from the 16th century to the 19th century, when Spain recognized Chile's independence and thus sovereignty over the islands. In 2009, Vittorio Rino proclaimed the creation of the Republic of Rino Island, independent from Chile, actively claiming these various phantom islands and islets, unlike Chile, and thus the sovereignty claim wasn't contested. In time, due to the very much high volume of activity reached, especially in the micronation's early years, Rino Island became one of the most prominent Spanish-speaking micronations ever and the most successful Chilean-originated micronation. It has hosted several major events, such as the 2016 Microvision Festival and the 2015 Friendship Games. The Rino Island National Virtual Football Team won the 2020 Micronations World Cup after a great final against the Empire of Europe.

Rino Island is a member of the Organization of United Micronations, of the Unión Mundial, it is a founding member of Microvisión, and a member of the Conference of Santiago and can be regarded as a great power in Spanish-speaking micronationalism, as well as a superpower in Chilean micronationalism. It has been active not only in the Spanish-speaking sector but its influence has reached the Brazilian sector as well.

Diplomatically, he has established contact with countries with full rights, such as the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, meeting with the ambassador in Mexico of the African country. They also had an interview with Eduardo Artés in 2017, when he was a Chilean presidential candidate.

Etymology

Rino Island is named after Vittorio Rino, a Italian merchant an founder of the republic. The name in Spanish is "Rino Island", and not its translation "Isla de Rino" to avoid confusion with the name of the Isla de Rino (the renamed Davis Land). The name was born as a tribute, and at the same time he took his idea from Bolivia, named in honor of Simón Bolivar. This because the name of Bolivia was the idea of ​​the congressman Manuel Martín Cruz, who say: "If from Romulus, Rome, then from Bolívar, Bolivia" (Spanish: Si de Rómulo, Roma; de Bolívar, Bolivia).

History

Independence

On December 9, 2009, Vittorio Rino founded the Republic of Rino Island, after a social gathering. At the beginning it was treated in a simulationist manner and it served an unprofessional/hobbyist purpose, but over time it became more serious which culminated in 2013 when Rino Island created an official website.

The modern history of our country begins on December 9, 2009, when the proclamation of the national independence of the Republic of Rino Island takes place, written and read by His Excellency the President of the Republic Don Vittorio Rino.The original objective was to make our young country a social club, in the manner of the Parva Domus that exists in Uruguay. Those were the first guidelines of our origins, and this was maintained until 2012. In that year, new citizens proposed the creation of a website, an issue that opened new horizons for us.

Ascension

The rapid exposure that Rino Island gained on the web caused the number of citizens to increase explosively, although many of them had no intention of participating in a positive way. This exploded in the 2013 elections, where affiliates linked to ultras groups unleashed the “civil war” by blocking the page for several days, leading to its temporary completion. At the same time, the active physical life of the Republic of Rino Island was growing, and short films, books and iconography of better quality were developed than previously owned.

Scanned file of the declaration of independence of the Republic of Rino Island. It is signed by the founder, Vittorio Rino, by former presidents Benedetto Samperi and Anastasio Lopez, and by President Marco Antonio Rino.

Given that the volume of activity was very high, President Vittorio Rino decided to cede the government to his personal friend Benedetto Samperi, a Chilean citizen, to draft new constitution, laws and make the project compatible with web participation. In June 2014 the Rino Island Political Constitution was promulgated, with Benedetto Samperi as president. Institutions such as the Rino Island Institute Of Research were created, which has carried out a series of outstanding investigations, and the country's territorial limits were definitively established. Pato Pictures received official support, and our official YouTube channel was institutionalized by the Rino Island Broadcasting Company. Diplomatically we are experiencing a high development, starting to have contact with micronations, many of these links continue to this day. We request to join the Organization of United Micronations, a process delayed by a border dispute.

The December 2014 presidential election handed the presidency over to Tomás Ríos, who actively developed diplomacy allowing Rino Island to join the United Micronations Organization. Thanks to an agreement with a Spanish micronation, the Pedro colony was incorporated, today converted into the Pedro Overseas Territory.

Reformation

In 2016, Don Jair Meza, a former Mexican footballer, who only governed for a month, was elected to disappear from all records later. He put an end to the film studio and promulgated a Penal Code. He also established Esperanto as a co-official language.

The absence of Meza destabilized the political system, which caused a series of instabilities, including two coups, d'état between 2016-2017, and a decrease in citizens, which did not prevent the organization of the 2016 Microvisión Musical Festival. Finally, in May 2017, the nation returned to power, thanks to the Rino Island Coup of 2017, led by Anastasio López and Marco Antonio Rino, the founder's nephew.

Anastasio López chaired the reorganization committee that governed Rino Island together with the Council during 2017-2018, leading the update of the laws and a series of constitutional and institutional reforms that modernized our country. Hand in hand with Marco Antonio Rino since September 2018, Rino Island has achieved enormous development, achieving physical activity mainly, as well as on the web. Diplomatic contacts were established with the embassy of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, and with the Kingdom of Araucanía and Patagonia.

The celebration of our 10 years of independence in 2019 was just one of a series of great milestones in the government of President Rino: the opening of the national library, the reestablishment of Pato Pictures, the philatelic museum, the reopening of the Grand Senate and the Supreme Court, together with the formation of a solid institutional framework, supported by the Rinoislander National Unity Party. In addition, Pedro's Overseas Territory began to be a national autonomous territory, governed by Carlos Sancho Santana. Rino Island presents itself to the future with hope for a better future.

Government and Politics

A certificate of citizenship from Rino Island

Rino Island is a presidential democratic republic, according to the 2014 Constitution. The President of the Republic is in charge of the executive function, and draws up laws together with the Grand Senate; the judicial functions correspond to the Supreme Court-appointed by the President. The presidential term is currently two years, with immediate reelection. The term of the Great Senate is one year, with indefinite re-elections.

The Grand Senate is made up of ten members and the President of the Republic, who himself is a Senator in his own right. Another Senator is appointed by the National Trade Union Central to represent the national unions.

Although a democratic and multiparty republic the Rinoislandic National Unity Party its the most relevant in the country, to which the President Marco Antonio Rino and all members of the Grand Senate belong. The party is also known as "the political expression of the nation". The Christian Social Party was recently founded. There is also the Workers' Party of Rino Island, of socialist inspiration.

Since the founding of the Pacific Micronations Mancommunity, there has been a "Commonwealth Parliament", where representatives from Pudustán, Rino Island, the Austral United Republic and the Pedro Overseas Territory participate. The first democratic elections of such a body are expected to take place in October.

List Of Presidents Of The Republic Of Rino Island

* in bold governments chosen according to the Rino Island Political Constitution

Geography and Administrative divisions

The territory of Rino Island is made up of Islands, Islets, Rocks and Reefs on which sovereignty is exercised. The islands claimed by the Republic of Rino Island are: [2]

  • Davis Land, renamed as Rino Island by the founder of the country, Mr. Vittorio Rino.
  • Ninachumbi Island, renamed as Ducks Island by the founder of the country, Mr. Vittorio Rino.
  • Podestá Island
  • Minnehaha Rock, called an island by the Rino Island government.
  • Emily Rock
  • Elizabeth Island
  • Rivadeneyra Shoal
  • President Marco Antonio Rino Rock

Originally, when independence was proclaimed in 2009, our country claimed for itself the territories of the Land of Davis and Clipperton Island. Our declaration of independence established that the Land of Davis would be renamed "Isla de Rino", as a tribute to the first President of the Republic, Vittorio Rino. The country in turn would be called Rino Island, in English since it is easier for foreigners. (Rino Island Province).

Clipperton Island had to stop being officially claimed in 2014, due to admission requirements of the United Micronations Organization.[a] Given this, and in view of the fact that the other national territory was a ghost island, President Samperi proclaimed the annexation of the Podestá, Minnehaha, Emily rock, Rivadeneyra Reef, and other ghost islets of the Pacific Ocean. Letters were sent to the governments of the Pacific Rim. (Province of Outer Islands).

On January 1, 2016, by virtue of a treaty with the “Independent Kingdom of the Numantine Lands”, Rino Island came to have sovereignty over the village of Rebollosa de Pedro[b], or simply Pedro, in Montejo de Tiermes. Its 10 inhabitants became Rinoislandees, and formed the Pedro Province, like Colonia, which after a referendum in 2019 became an Overseas Territory, with autonomy. (Pedro Overseas Territory).

Foreign policy

Letter from Marco Antonio Rino, president of Rino Island, published in Vanuatu's Daily Post, January 13, 2021

Rino Island's international policy is aimed at promoting micronation and its economy and development. This has been carried out with the objective of insertion in serious micronational organizations of world relevance. In this way, Rino Island is a member of the United Micronations (2015), Micronational Broadcasting Union (2015), Central American and Caribbean Micronations Organization (associate member since 2015), the Conference of Santiago (2020), the Spanish Speaking Micronations Community (2020), and is the founder of the Commonwealth of Pacific Ocean Micronations (2020).

Rino Island since January 1, 2020, only establishes diplomatic relations with entities that demonstrate: 1) at least one continuous year of verifiable existence; 2) solidity in your project; 3) that do not have aims, propaganda or governments of a racist, totalitarian nature, or contrary to human rights. The first requirement (one year of existence) will be exempted from those micronations that demonstrate seriousness and relevance that make it presume that their existence will be lasting over time. Likewise, diplomatic relations with entities that carry out simulationism, understood as State modelling, are not adopted if their activities are fanciful and not serious.
Since 2018 the Minister of Foreign Affairs has been Anastasio López.

Some of the most important events of the diplomatic policy of Rino Island are the following:

  • Chile: In 2017, the Chilean presidential candidate Eduardo Artés was interviewed for Rino Island. Although he was not elected, it is the first interview between a macro-national presidential candidate and a micronation. [3]
  • Flag of Western Sahara.png Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic: In 2019, the President of the Republic Marco Antonio Rino interviewed the Saharawi ambassador in Mexico, H.E. Mr. Ahmed Mulay Ali Hamadi, informing him of Rino Island's support for full Sahrawi independence[4]. Rino Island has been promoting the independence and sovereign rights of the Saharawi people since 2019.
  • 300px-Flag of the Kingdom of Araucania and Patagonia.png Kingdom of Araucanía and Patagonia: In 2019, diplomatic relations were established with the Kingdom of Araucanía and Patagonia, with which President Rino was invited to the traditional mass of Santa Rosa de Lima. [5]
  • Armenia: The Armenian embassy in Spain thanks privately, and via social networks, President Marco Antonio Rino, for his letter in defense of the people of Armenia and Artsakh, in the context of the 2020 war. The letter was published in the digital medium "Hispanidad". [6]
  • Vanuatu: In January 2021 a letter from President Rino addressed to the leaders of the Pacific Islands Forum, and Chile and Perú was published by the Vanuatu Daily Post Vanuatu's leading written journal. [7]

Culture

Rino Island has been noted for its production and cultural development, being the most recognized today in Latin America. An important part of the cultural direction corresponds to the National Academy, founded in 2010 and chaired since then by Anastasio López. This academy has managed the publication of various books and texts, along with maintaining the national library of Rino Island, the largest of texts on micronationalism in Latin America. The academic journal "micronationalism" has been published in Spanish and Portuguese since 2020.

The Rino Island Broadcasting Company has produced a series of animated shorts for free distribution. Between 2012-2014, eight films were produced, of which five are preserved.

The Ministry of Foreign Relations of Rino Island has promoted the creation of virtual cultural centers in other micronations of Latin America and Spain, as a way to develop culture and education mutually.

References

Notes

  1. Clipperton Island is claimed by the Kingdom of Rotham, and at the same time corresponds to an Overseas territory of the French Republic.
  2. Rino Island's claim on the village is of a purely cultural nature, and as the seat of its representation in Spain. The Republic of Rino Island recognizes the territory of the Aldea de Pedro as sovereign territory of the Kingdom of Spain..