Ebenthal

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Kingdom of Ebenthal
Reino de Ebenthal (Portuguese)
Flag of Ebenthal
Flag
Coat of arms of Ebenthal
Coat of arms
Motto: 
"Praxis Omnia Vincit"
"The Work Wins Everything"
Map of Ebenthal.png
Location of Ebenthal in green
CapitalArturia
Largest cityBelmonte
Official languagesPortuguese
Ethnic groups (2019)50.0% White
43.0% Mixed race
7.0% Black
Religion(2020)60.0% Catholic
20.0% Spiritist
15.0% Irreligion
4.0% Buddhism
1.0% Satanism
DemonymEbenthali
GovernmentFederal aristocratic constitutional monarchy
Arthur II
Raphael Sousa
Nícollas Reis
Pedro Reis
LegislatureConclave
Independence from the Kingdom of Roschfallen
11 August 2014
08 October 2014
28 January 2015
29 December 2019
Area
• Total
1.1 km2 (0.42 sq mi)
• Water (%)
0.8%
Population
• 2019 estimate
97
GVA (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
$5.182 million
• Per capita
$60,255
GVA (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
$4.636 million
• Per capita
$53,906
EPI (2020)3.4
high
HDI (2020) 0.883
very high · 29th
CGSC (2020) 4.00
very high · ???
CurrencyGalleon (₲) (EBL)
Real (R$)a (BRL)
Time zoneBRT (UTC−3)
• Summer (DST)
BRST (UTC−2)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code+55
Internet TLD.eb
  1. Despite having the Galleon as official currency, the Ebenthali Goverment keep the Brazilian Real in circulation and common use
  2. Official website

Ebenthal, officialy the Kingdom of Ebenthal (Portuguese: Reino de Ebenthal) is an enclaved micronation located in South America, bordering Brazil and Roschfallen. At 1.1 square kilometers (0.64 square miles) and with over 80 people, the territory of Ebenthal is divided into enclaves in the Brazilian states of Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais, in six cities. The capital is the city of Arturia, while the most populated city is Belmonte. It have Portuguese as sole official language, although German is recognized as a minority language and co-official in one of it's federative units. Its territory comprises several buildings and lands including farms, a lake and a river.

Ebenthali modern territory was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the settlement by the Portuguese in the 16th century as part of their new colony of Brazil. Much of Ebenthal remained part of Portuguse Brazil until independence was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, which later became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup d'état. It was also in the 19th century that German immigrants settled up in the hills of Rio de Janeiro on what would become part of Ebenthal. In 2014, the micronation Roschfallen was created proclaiming it's independence from Brazil. Due to conflicts on it's establishment, a group of breakaway nobles proclaimed the independence of Roschfallen's northern lands and, along with their own, founded Ebenthal. Ebenthali Constitution was formulated based on it's Roschfallenian project counterpart and the state was defined as a federal aristocratic constitutional monarchy, divided into 5 principalities and one free city.

Ebenthal's economy's calculation is based on the added value of its properties, resources and profits, with the gross value of GDP reaching 5.2 million dollars, and the GDP per capita reaching the value of US$61.000 dollars. As far as 2020 Ebenthal has a fast growing economy, mainly based on services, livestock and exports of agricultural goods. Ebenthal is a regional power within the Lusophone Sector and can be considered a middle power in some intermicronational affairs. Ebenthal joined the Union Against Micronational War in 2015 (withdrawal in 2017), the Micronational Economic Group in 2016 (withdrawing two months later), the former Liberal League,[1] an international alliance that brings together nations with liberal policies, in 2018, and the Micronational Monarchies Organization in 2019. In 2020 Ebenthal joined the League of Professional Nations. Citizenship can be acquired by online request and by living in one of it's territories for more than a year.

Etimology

The Royal Constitution defines the country's official name as Kingdom of Ebenthal on it's Article 1st.

Art. 1. The Kingdom of Ebenthal is the political association of all it's citizens and their possessions. They form a free and independent nation which does not admit any bond that oppose it's sovereignity.

— Royal Constitution of Ebenthal

The country's proper name was inspired by the homonimous town in Carinthia, Austria, more preciselly by the early renaissance castle from which the town was named after, where Prince Luís Gastão of Brazil, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha lived during his exile, and whose life inspired former High King Arthur I after reading the book Dom Pedro II in Germany by the Prince's grand-nephew Prince Carlos Tasso of Saxe-Coburg and Braganza.[2]

The name Ebenthal comes from the Slovenian Žrelec meaning stallion horse.

History

Foundation

Conference room where the Constituent Assembly and the Conclave first met at the Quitandinha Palace.

Before it's creation, part of modern Ebenthal was integrated into the Kingdom of Roschfallen, a micronation founded independent from the Federative Republic of Brazil in 28 January 2014, comprising territories enclaved in three Brazilian cities; Ebenthali lands performed a quarter of the Roschfallenian lands in Rio de Janeiro and three quarters the lands in Petrópolis. After some months, Roschfallen was under constant organizational changes which led to a deep discussion towards the country's government structure. The King Arthur I faced several opposition on it's administrative decisions, specially from Lord Arthur, Duke of Gallar, High Comissioner of Gros Morne, who gathered some supporters in order to make some changes. Dismissed, that same year on August 11th, the Duke of Gallar declared the independence of his portion of Gros Morne. He was followed by his supporters who proclaimed independence of their portions of Avalon and Iriland Repartitions; the three parts fused and created the Kingdom of Ebenthal,[3] whereas the Duke of Gallar was proclaimed High King Arthur I of Ebenthal. Upon it's creation - as Gallar geographically changed to a enclave in Nova Friburgo, the kingdom's government sought to expand and acquired lands enclaved in the municipalities of Juiz de Fora, Belo Horizonte and Santa Luzia.

The country's constitution was granted by an constituent assembly composed by the High King and the nobility on October 8th, mainly based on the July's constitutional project of Roschfallen which never came into effect. Among changes, Ebenthal was declared an aristocratic monarchy, where only nobles would have political power, and the monarch would be entitled High King. The micronation's structure was heavily influenced by many countries's cultures, for example terms as High King and Grand Vizier, which comes respectivelly from Ireland and Ottoman Turkey, the flag symbol: the Portuguese shield with the cross of Saint James of the Sword, the coat of arms, displaying the flags both of Portugal and Roschfallen, as well of the Brazilian Empire − the three countried that gave birth to Ebenthal.

On November 21th, 2014, the Conclave of Ebenthal, the country's unicameral and aristocratic parliament, was innaugurated and the micronation effective went on work. The appointed Grand Vizier Adriano Moreira began his work, naming his ten ministries. The Tribune of Truth was opened at December the 1st with Lord Pedro Reis, Count of Iustitia as it's Seneschal.

Consolidation

Two cadets (the second and third from right to left) of the Black Needles Military Academy who joined the Royal Ebenthali Army during the civil war.

With the structure stabilized and fully functiong by the end of 2014, the Ebenthali Government started to search for international recognition and settle diplomacy with other micronations. The first to recognize Ebenthal's independence from Roschfallen was the Duchy of Axvalley, through a treaty of mutual recognition signed in 2 January 2015.[4] On the 28th of that same month Roschfallen and Ebenthal signed the Treaty of Botafogo by which both recognized each other's independence, sovereignity and territorial claims, thus ending the Ebenthali Independence War. This happened at the birthday party of King Arthur I of Roschfallen, to which High King Arthur I of Ebenthal attended, thus marking the reconciliation between these two micronations.

Later in 2017 a plot by former First Lord Nilo Moreira, Count of the Hidden Mound to overthrown High King Arthur I was discovered. The Count was dismissed a banished from Ebenthal but this wasn't enough to stop him for trying, as he gathered a few supporters and received support from micronations such as the Nazi Arabic Empire, starting a civil war for political control. Eventually, Ebenthal counted on the support from the members of the former Liberal League such as Roschfallen, Schneeblutig, Harran and Rubrayev, and Arthur I was able to keep his crown while Count Nilo was sentenced to death if he ever set a foot again in Ebenthali territory, losing his citizenship and being permanently exiled to the Platine States Union.

After the Ebenthali Civil War, the micronation left strenghtened. It's population rose 32% in a year as it's economy thrived with with increasing agricultural production and job supply. Immigration rates grew more than 60% with a wave of Brazilians and a very few Swiss immigrants settling in the country.

Contemporary Era

Grand Vizier Raphael and First Lord Nícollas talking to High King Arthur II at his acclamation party.

Despite the Brazilian economic crisis having affected Ebenthal's thriving economy, it didn't prevented it to grow. Nonetheless, population decreased in a exodus as many jobs had to be closed. Automation in place of manual labor also contributed to this. Reponding the situation, the Conclave voted to promote the expansion of the service sector with incentives and a ew jobs were created. As of 2019 Ebenthali economy began a slow process of recovering from its former level of growth.

This same year, on june, High King Arthur I abdicated the throne in order to fulfill his personal academic matters outside of the country. He was immediaty succeeded by his brother, High King Mateus I. His brief reign was rather chaotic, as he tried to undergo a series of unpopular changes. In conflict with de powerful Reis Dynasty of the Tribune of Truth's Seneschal Pedro Reis, Count of Iustitia and Peer Lord Nícollas Reis, Duke of Launceston, as well with most members of the Conclave, he tried to seize power by abusing his constituional powers dismissing every single member of each institution. In order to prevent not only this action but the possible dissolution of the micronation, both the Conclave and Tribune of Truth rulled for the deposition of High King Mateus in 27 September 2019, ending the rule of the House of Beato. A regency was establish under Grand Vizier Raphael Sousa and the government sought a new monarch. The Ebenthali throne was offered first by former Emperor Petar I of Schneeblutig and later to Sultan Omar V of Harran, both declined and the throne was offered to King Arthur I of Roschfallen, who resigned the Roschfallenian throne and accepted to offer becoming High King Arthur II of Ebenthal.[5]

Assuming the throne in late December 2019, Arthur II reorganized the micronation under support of the Conclave. He changed the country's flag and arms, as well as ordered a repagination of the currency. He appointed Nícollas Reis, considered a national hero for the saving of the micronation, as First Lord of the Conclave and the Reis Dynasty became the most prominent noble family in Ebenthal. High King Arthur II's personal lands which previously were integrated into Roschfallen were annexed to Ebenthal, thus expanding it's economy. The capital city of Arturia had it's geographical borders changed, although yet enclaved in Rio de Janeiro. As of 2020, Ebenthal's international relation are increasing thanks to the High King's influence,[6] new classification patterns are being adopted and a new government website is being created.

Geography

Mantiqueira moutain range, where Negrum Montis and New Switzerland are located, at the central region of Ebenthal.

Ebenthal's lands are located on the far western part of South America's Atlantic coast, Mantiqueira and Mar mountain range (enclaved in the cities of Rio de Janeiro, Nova Friburgo, Saquarema, Itatiaia, Belo Horizonte, Santa Luzia and Juíz de Fora), close to the Tropic of Capricorn, where the shoreline is oriented east–west, and share land borders with Brazil and Roschfallen. It also encompasses a number of oceanic tiny islands, such as Bacaxá Rocks, Our Lady Rocks, and Jaconé Island. Its size, relief, climate, and natural resources make Ebenthal geographically simple, with Atlantic forests and a Subtropical climate.

With a total area of 1.1 Km², Ebenthal spans only one time zone, the UTC−3, and the summet time zone UTC−2. Ebenthali topography is diverse and includes hills, mountains, plains, highlands, and scrublands. Much of the terrain lies above 600 metres and 900 metres. The northern and central region of the country is rugged, encompassing two mountain ranges with heights reaching over 2000 metres, while it's southern region is coastal. Ebenthal is supplied by two rivers and is bathed by an immense lagoon of salt water and by the sea.

Climate

Rare occurrence of snow in the city of Novesfora.

The climate of Ebenthal comprises a variety of weather conditions across a scattered area and varied topography, but most of the country is subtropical climate, while the southern region has a tropical savanna climate. According to the Köppen system, Ebenthal hosts three major climatic subtypes: tropical oceanic and subtropical. The different climatic conditions produce environments ranging from tropical rainforests in the southern and central regions, subtropical vegetation, including temperate coniferous forests in the central and northern ones. Many regions have starkly different microclimates.

The country experiences hot, humid summers, and mild, wet winters. In inland areas of the capital city of Arturia, temperatures above 40°C (104°F) are common during the summer, though rarely for long periods, while maximum temperatures above 27°C (81°F) can occur on a monthly basis. On the other hand, cities such as Belmonte has a much more temperate temperature with 28°C of temperature on summers and close to 0°C during winters. Along the coast, the breeze, blowing onshore and offshore, moderates the temperature. Because of its geographic situation, the country is often reached by cold fronts advancing from Antarctica, especially during autumn and winter, causing frequent weather changes. In summer there can be strong rains, which have on some occasions provoked catastrophic floods and landslides. The mountainous areas register greater rainfall since they constitute a barrier to the humid wind that comes from the Atlantic. Snow has occured in the central region (Negrum Montis), although it's rare. Frost occurr normally during winters in both central and northern regions.

Government and politics

Royal Palace of Marco, residence of the Ebenthali Royal Family.

The Kingdom of Ebentahl is constituionally defined as a federal constitutional monarchy where only aristocrats and nobles could take political offices. The monarch, entitled as High King, is both head of state and co-head of government of the nation and his position is theorically hereditary, nut rather selective. The High King appoints the Grand Vizier, who acts as a co-head of government alongside the ministerial cabinet, government agencies and the parliament. Legislative power is exercised through the Conclave, the national unicameral hierarchized and aristocratic legislature, under the sanction or vetoing of the High King. Judiciary authorities exercise jurisdictional duties almost exclusively through the Tribune of Truth. Ebenthal is a significant micronation according to Dresner's Categoric-Gradial System of Classification.

The Ebenthali federation is constitutionally indissoluble and rests on the common unity and respective autonomy of five principalities plus the capital. The unity is set on five fundamental principles: sovereignty, citizenship, dignity of human beings, the social values of labor and freedom of enterprise, and political pluralism. The branches of government (executive, legislative and judicial under a checks and balances system) are formally established by the Constitution, slightly centralized into the High King. The executive is organized independently in all three spheres of government, while the judiciary and the legislative are organized only at the national sphere.

All members of the legislative branch, the Conclave, are directly appointed by the High King. The Truchsess are appointed after passing entry exams, while their head, the Seneschal, is freely appointed among them. An aristocraycy - opposed to a democracy - for all it's history, Ebenthal has no popular elections. National politics is divided into 3 parties: the Moderate Party, Conservative Party and the Worker's. The Social-Democrat Party gone extinct when it's last member retired in 2019, and the Republican Party was outlawed in 2019 as soon as High King Arthur II took the throne.

Law

Court room of the Tribune of Truth.

Ebenthali law is based on Roman-Germanic traditions and civil law concepts prevail over common law practice. Most of Ebenthali law is codified, although non-codified statutes also represent a substantial part, playing a complementary role. Court decisions set out interpretive guidelines; however, they are seldom binding on other specific cases. Doctrinal works and the works of academic jurists have strong influence in law creation and in law cases.

The Tribune of Truth serves primarily as the Constitutional Court of the micronation. The legal system is based on the National Constitution, which was promulgated on 08 October 2014, and is the fundamental law of Ebenthal. All other legislation and court decisions must conform to its rules. The federative unites have their own basic laws, which must not contradict the National Constitution, as well "organic laws", which act in a similar way to constitutions. Legislative entities are the main source of statutes, although in certain matters judiciary and executive bodies may enact legal norms. Jurisdiction is administered by the judiciary entity, although in rare situations the National Constitution allows the Conclave to pass on legal judgments. There are also specialized military, labor, and political court officers who may act along with the supreme court in determined cases. The highest court is the Tribune of Truth.

Military

Hired militia of the Royal Ebenthali Army.

The Royal Armed Forces of Ebenthal consists of the Royal Army (including the Aviation Corps), the Royal Navy and the Cybernetics Corps. The Royal Gendarmerie is described as an ancillary forces of the Army by the constitution, but are under the control of the National Government. Ebenthali is served by the Brazilian Military Firefighters Corps.

The Royal Army is equipped with high-powered military vehicles and armed with light weapons with easy access. Its main function is to protect the most isolated regions of the nation from external and internal threats. The Royal Navy has a yacht, two high speed boats and two boats. Its main function is for special diplomatic events, support local economy and patrol the exclusive economic zone of Ebenthal. The Royal Cybernetics Corps is a body equipped and prepared to engage cybernetic warfare either attacking or protecting the micronation's networks and systems.

Ebenthal has not been at war since the Ebenthali Civil War when the rebels were defeated and pemanently exiled. Other conflicts already occurred such as the Ebenthali Independence War against Roschfallen and the Ebenthali-Brazilian War over the possession of lands in Afonso III.

Administrative regions

Ebenthal is a federal aristocratic state composed of 5 principalities and 1 free city, which may be called federative units; each principality is an hereditary monarchy ruled by a Prince and is subdivided into several municipalities which are ruled either by a Baron or a Viscount. Exceptions are the Principality of Belmonte where the principality is the sole city itself, therefore directly ruled by the Prince(ss), and the Royal City of Arturia, national capital directly ruled by the High King. Different tax rates are charged, according to the social-economic differences in each federative unit, which are sent to the Bank of Ebenthal. Each unit also is served by a legislative assembly whose members are named by the local ruler. Ebenthal is divided into:

Federative Units of Ebenthal
Flag State State
code
Capital Other cities Enclaved in Citizens Area (km2) Official language(s) Ruler
Flag of Arturia.png
Royal City of
Arturia
ART Arturia None Rio de Janeiro
25
TBD
Portuguese High King
Arthur II
New Switzerland Flag.png
Principality of
New Switzerland
NSU Arrais New Germania
Afonso III
Nova Friburgo
16
TBD
Portuguese
German
Prince
Antônio I
Flag of Belmonte (2020).png
Principality of
Belmonte
BMT Belmonte None Belo Horizonte
32
TBD
Portuguese Princess
Élida
under regency
Flag of Ebenthal (2019).png
Principality of
Aldiva
ADV Sant'Anna Gaétia Santa Luzia
11
TBD
Portuguese Princess
Alda I
Flag of Ebenthal (2019).png
Principality of
Nigrum Montis
NMT Three Marys Aurora
Novesfora
Juíz de Fora
Itatiaia
10
TBD
Portuguese Prince
Hugo IV
Flag of Ebenthal (2019).png
Principality of
Alvorada
ALV Entremares Bustamantina Saquarema
5
TBD
Portuguese Prince
Reinald I

Foreign policy

The Grajaú Palace, seat of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Ebenthal's international relations are based on Article 6th of the National Constitution, which establishes non-intervention, self-determination, international cooperation and coordenation and the peaceful settlement of conflicts as the guiding principles of Ebenthal's relationship with other micronations and multilateral organizations. According to the Constitution, the High King has ultimate authority over foreign policy and is tasked with reviewing and considering all diplomatic nominations and international treaties, as well as legislation relating to Ebenthali foreign policy.

Ebenthali foreign policy is a by-product of the country's diverse position as a regional micronational power within the states of Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais. And thanks to it's liberal citizenship policy. Ebenthal's foreign policy has generally been based on the principles of multilateralism, peaceful dispute settlement, and non-intervention in the affairs of other countries.

The first micronation to recognize Ebenthal's independence was the Duchy of Axvalley in January 2015. Roschfallen and Ebenthal signed the Treaty of Botafogo of mutual recognition as sovereign nations that same month. Currently Ebenthal has established formal and informal relations with several micronations.

Economy

The Guanabara View Building, seat of the Ministry of Finances.

Ebenthal total economy budget is of US$ 5.182 million dollars, about to R$ 2 million reais, being a large amount to a micronation. Ebenthal has a mixed economy and a developed common market. The Ebenthali economy has been predicted grow in the next years with the GDP per capita following and growing, provided that large investments in productivity gains are made to substitute the GDP growth of the last three year that is attributable to the automatization of manual work and free market. Its current GDP (PPP) per capita is $60,255 in 2020 putting Ebenthal in the one of the bests position among other micronations. Active mainly in the agricultural and service sectors, Ebenthal has a labor force of over 60 people and unemployment of 6.8%.

The country has been expanding its presence in intermicronational financial markets. It has become a large stock market. Major export products include consume goods, manufactural goods, information technology, textiles, services and decoration goods.

The Ebenthali Galleon is the official national currency, pegged to the Brazilian Real, which follows a manged-float monetary policy by the Bank of Ebenthal. The economy of Ebenthal succeeded due to the free-market and liberal economic policies adopted by the government. The government intervenes in rare cases, in order to avoid prejudice to the national market. The laws of respect for the primary surplus has been respected since independence, although the country has gone through turbulent times until 2017.

The higher expenses of Ebenthali economy are with welfare and infrastructure, followed by security, health and the environment. Spending on government manutention are minimal. The Royal Government has invested heavily in modernizing its intitutions and apparatuses in key areas of investiment such as e-commerce. Total expenditures total over a million galleons annually.

Infrastructure

Science and technology

Solar pannels generating energy for Gaétia.

Technological research in Ebenthal is officialy carried out by the Royal Institute of Innovations, attached to the Ministry of Information and Propaganda, with the majority of funding for basic research and technological development coming from the profits of its investments in the financial market. Ebenthal's most esteemed technological hubs are the Royal Institute of Innovatios in Arturia and the Pedro II Science Academy in Three Marys. Owner of relative technological sophistication, the micronation has developed robots, automatic machines, medicines, as well as being involved in geolocial and agricultural research.

According to studies, 66% of the Ebenthali people is somewhat interested in sciences and new technologies, whereas 30% are more interested in astronomy; 79% are interested in information technology; 22% in military technology; 18% in biological technology; 52% in medicinal studies.

Ebenthal produces a considerable part of its energy consumed through solar panelss, managed by Royal Light Company, a state agency of the Ministry of the High Kingdom. According to research, the entire inhabited territory of Ebenthal has internet and telephone signals, and all of the Ebenthali families have at least one computer and a smartphone.

Transport

Roads in Aldiva.

Ebenthali roads are the primary carriers of freight and passenger traffic. All roads in Ebenthal are paved with cobble stones. The first investments in road infrastructure took place long before the micronation's independence. Ebtnhali roads connect it's cities with the neighbouring Brazil and Roschfallen. There is no annual registration fee or road tax; however, all Ebenthali roads are privatized. The new car market is dominated by Fiat, (40% of cars sold in Ebenthal as of 2020), Toyota (30%) and Renault (30%). Over 70% of new cars sold in 2020 had diesel engines, far more than contained petrol or LPG engines.

Ebenthal isn't served by an own airport, but it has registered three helicopter landings, which prompted the government for the creation of the Princess Maria Heliport in the city of Sant'Anna.

Ebenthal also has a small river transportation network connecting the cities of Entremares and Bustamantina, and to the Brazilian Rio de Janeiro state. The country does not have a own railway network, but Arturia borders two Brazilian train stations whose lines connect the city to Triunphus in Roschfallen and Rio de Janeiro in Brazil; Belmonte borders one metro station well connecting the city to Belo Horizonte.

Education

The Federal Univerity of Rio de Janeiro, the most frequented college by the Ebenthalis.

The Royal Constitution and the Law of Guidelines and Bases of National Education determine that the Royal Government must provide higher education, while each federativ unit must provide all the other stages. The Royal Government is reponsible for the regulation of the education through the Ministry of Culture and Education. Each of these public educational systems is responsible for its own maintenance, which manages funds as well as the mechanisms and funding sources. The constitution reserves 25% of the state budget and 20% of national taxes and federativ taxes for education. As Ebenthal isn't served by any educational institution other than the Royal Academy of General Knowledge, the education budget is mostly used to fund the education of the Ebenthali people in institutions outside the micronation.

The Royal Academy of General Knowledge is an state institution with a variety of courses in all levels of education, founded in Arturia in 2014. As all the country's students have their studies funded outside Ebenthal, they frequent mainly universities in Brazil, among which the most frequented is the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, ranked 7th the best university in Latin America, according to QS World University Rankings.

According to the Ministry of Culture and Education, in 2018, the literacy rate of the population was 100.0%, erradicating illiteracy in the micronation; functional illiteracy, though, has reached 14.0% of the population.

Higher education starts with undergraduate or sequential courses, which may offer different options of specialization in academic or professional careers. Depending on the choice, students can improve their educational background with courses of post-graduate studies or broad sense.

Attending an institution of higher education is required by Law of Guidelines and Bases of Education to be eligible to become a public servant. Kindergarten, elementary and hig educations are required for all students, provided the student does not hold any disability, whether physical, mental, visual or hearing.

Health

The Copa Star Hospital, one of the most frequented by the people of Arturia.

According to the Royal Constituion, it's the State's responsability to provide health and medical care in all levels to Ebenthali people, but as the micronation finds itself impossible to provide these services, in December 2014 the Ebenthali Government signed an unilateral agreement with Brazil to enjoy their public health system, the Universal Health System. On the other hand, private healthcare systems play a major role among the Ebenthalis, among which 65% have some type of health insurance. As the micronation does not hold any type of health institution, the constitution-designated budget for the area it's used to fund health plans and emergency medical needs for the population.

Despite all the progress made since the adoption of this health system in 2014, there are still several public health problems in Ebenthal, which is what primarily leads the majority of the population to seek private health. The greatest cause of death in Ebenthal is due to heart diseases (2 deaths per 100 inhabitants). The number of deaths from noncommunicable diseases, such as respiratory diseases (1 death per 100 inhabitants) and cancer (1 deaths per 100 inhabitants), also has a considerable impact on the health of the Ebenthali population. Finally, external but preventable factors such as violence and suicide caused no deaths in the country so far, although it left injured citizens. The Ebenthali-concerted Brazilian health system is one of the most well-developed among micronations, at the level of the World Health Organization (WHO) according to their 2000 pattern.

Demographics

Population
Year People
2014 11
2017 52
2019 97

The population of Ebenthal, as recorded by the Ministry of the High Kingdom in 2020, was that of 97 people, with a ratio of men to women of 6:10 and approximatelly 70% of the population defined as urban. The population is heavily concentrated in the Northern (43 inhabitants), Southern (30 inhabitants) and Central (26 inhabitants) regions, while the two most extensive regions, the North and the Central, which together make up 70% of the Ebenthali territory, have a total of only 69 inhabitants.

The first census in Ebenthal was carried out in 2015 and recorded a population of 42 inhabitants. From 2015 to 2020 the population more than doubled with the arrival of 49 Brazilians and 3 Portuguese and 3 Swiss. Ebenthali population increased significantly between 2019 and 2020 due to the mass exodus of Brazilian-Roschfallenians who followed their former King. As the annual populaiton growth rate has been positive and constant, life expectancy rose from 78 to 81 years and to 83 years in 2019. It has been steadily falling since the micronation's foundation and is expected to fall to a negative value by 2050 thus completing the demographic transition.

Race and ethnicity

Typical Ebenthali people, inclusing many members of the Clan Brum.

According to the National Research by the Ministry of the High Kingdom of 2015, 55% of the population described themselves as White; 43% as Mixed race; and 7.0% as Black of different ethnicities; There are no Asians or Ameridians in Ebenthal, although the DNA of most white and mixed race people can be traced to some South American native tribe.

Since the arrival of the Portuguese in 1500, considerable miscegenation between local Amerindians and [w:European|Europeans]] has taken place in all regions of the country (with European ancestry being dominant nationwide according to the vast majority of all autosomal studies undertaken covering the entire population, accounting for between 90% to 98%).

Ebenthali society is more markedly divided by social class lines, although some income disparity is found between race groups, so racism and classism can be conflated. Socially significant closeness to one racial group is taken in account more in the basis of appearance (phenotypes) rather than ancestry, to the extent that full siblings can pertain to different "racial" groups.

From the 19th century, Ebenthali territory had been to immigration. Hundreds of people from over 10 countries migrated to RoschfallenianEbenthali current territories between 1808 and 1972, most of them of Portuguese, German, Swiss, Roschfallenian, and Brazilian.

Religion

Basilica of the Immaculate Conception, the most attended church by the Ebenthalis.

Ebenthal is religiously diverse, encompassing a wide range of beliefs and customs. The kingdom has no official religion, and the government is officially committed to religious secularism, although the monarchical institution did sustain a series of Christian practices and features. Freedom of religion in Ebenthal is a constitutionally protected right, allowing individuals to assemble and worship without limitation or interference. The practice of religion is now fully considered a private matter throughout society and the state. The majority of Ebenthalis though did consider religion to be important in their daily lives. According to the 2020 census, approximatelly 60% of Ebenthalis identify as CatholicsChristians. Much of the remainder is made up of Spiritists, who accounted for approximately 20% of the population, divided into three sub-groups: Umbandists, Kardecists and Candomblé. There is no Protestant denominations in Ebenthal, a rarity among many micronations. Secularization has been growing. In 2016, 9% declared no religious affiliation, compared to 15% in 2020. The remaining 5% are affiliated with non-Christian religions, the largest of which are Buddism (4%) and Satanism (1%).

After High King Arthur II took the throne, he passed a law in the Conclave forbiding two Protestant groups to act in national territory: the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God and the Universal Church of God's Power. As well, several features, mainly from Neo-charismatic protestant denominations, were interpreted as contradicting some constitutional guarantees and criminal laws (example, priests speaking against LGBT rights), which justified the government action towards these Protestant groups. Little internal criticism arised on the matter, although it did weakened the micronation's relation to a few micronations ruled by evangelicals, specially in South America.

Language

Interior of the Royal National Library of Ebenthal.

The sole official language of Roschfallen is Portuguese. (Article XIII of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Ebenthal), which is spoken natively by the entire population, being the only language used in newspapers, propaganda and for business and administrative purposes. The English was recognized as business language by the Ebenthali Government. In 2014 the Conclave legally recognized the use of the Brazilian Sign Language as official language to deaf people by a regulated law. The law mandates the use of the Brazilian Sign Language, more commonly known by its Portuguese acronym LIBRAS, in education and government services when needed. The language should be taught as a part of the curriculum and language and language pathology curriculum. LIBRAS teachers, instructors and translators are recognized professionals. Schools and health services should provide access ("inclusion") to deaf people.

Ebenthali Portuguese has had its own development, mostly similar to 16th-century Central and Southern dialects of European Portuguese (despite a very substantial number of Portuguese colonial settlers, and more recent immigrants, coming from Central Europe)

Minority languages ​​are spoken throughout the nation. In some federative unites, Portuguese is either the co-official language along with other major languages of foreign settlers or these language, mainly Spanish and German, are recognized as a minority language. In the Principality of New Switzeland, Portuguese in the co-official language along with the German. Learning at least one second language (generally English and Spanish) is mandatory for all 12 grades of the mandatory education system, while English is required to serve in the government.

Culture

Portuguese neoclassical farm in Sant'Anna.
An eccletic style house in Arrais, inspired by the German classical style and Modernist architecture.

The core culture of Ebenthal is derived from Portuguese culture and it's sub-product, the Brazilian culture. Among other influences, the Portuguese introduced the Portuguese language, Roman Catholicism and Neoclassical architecture styles. It's subproduct, though, the Brazilian culture was also strongly influenced by African, indigenous and non-Portuguese European cultures and traditions. To complete the Ebenthali cultural development, the Germans and Swiss played a considerable role. The indigenous Amerindians influenced Ebenthal's language and cuisine; the Germanics influenced the language, cuisine and political structure; and the Africans influenced language, cuisine, music, dance and religion.

Ebenthali art has developed since before the micronation's independence into different styles, mainly graphic and virtual art. Although Ebenthal does not hold any cinema, it's people developed a complex audiovisual culture.

Architecture

The architecture of Ebenthal is influenced by Europe, especially Portugal and Germany. It has a history that goes back 500 years to the time when Pedro Álvares Cabral discovered Brazil in 1500. Neoclassical architecture is the predominant architetonic style in Ebenthal, an inheritance of the Portuguese settlers and the pro-European policy of the former Brazilian Empire, and it is the basis for all modern adaptation styles in the micronation. Other distinguisheable architectonics styles are the Gothic architecture, mainly in the central region at the principalities of New Switzerland and Nigrum Montis.

Modern architecture is on rise, specially in the form of adaptations to the classical styles, mainly in the country's two largest cities.

Music

The Efeito Colateral band from Arturia.

The music listened in Ebenthal is mainly from Brazilian and American origin, while the produced music bases itself on these two influences, as well on the African and British rythms. According to a survey held in 2019, approximatelly 20% of the country's populaiton has proficience in some instrument, while only 1% had produced any original song. This same survey showed that Rock n' Roll and Metal together form 30% of the country's most listened genres, followed by Brazilian popular music, Samba and ´Bossa Nova, listened by other 30%; American popular music listened by 15%; and other genres completing other 15%, including Classical Music.

Ebenthal have been hosted two rock bands, one amateur and one professional, and several shows and performances. Efeito Colateral is a heavy and thrash metal band from Rio de Janeiro and Arturia who has toured the State of Rio de Janeiro and the central region of the Kingdom of Ebenthal. They have released an album so far and performed in three micronations on several events. Yet according to the 2019 survey, 70% of the Ebenthali said music is somewhat important to their lives.

As of 2020, 65% of the country's population uses some kind of music application for smartphones such as Spotify and YouTube Music

Literature

H.P. Lovecraft is the most famour author among Ebenthalis.

Many literary styles are appreciated by the Ebenthalis, from which fantasy, romance, thriller, romanticism, textbook, novel and cosmic horror are the more notorious. Works by Machado de Assis, H.P. Lovecraft, Mary Shelley, Tymothy Zahn, J. R. R. Tolkien, Fyodor Dostoevsky, José Murilo de Carvalho, are the most famous among the Ebenthali people.

These authors and genres have inspired a number of Ebenthalis to written by themselves, among which stands out Jean Roberto, with one published horror and fiction book and Mário Sérgio, author to three published book and several essays on Brazil's sociology and political history. Many others have written several books, mainly e-books, on subjects such as alternative history, fantasy, expanded literatures of existing literary universes and famous brands such as that of Star Wars.

In 2018 the Royal Fair of Arturia, a literary and social event, took place in the capital city of Arturia, where many citizens and foreigners came together to exchange and talk about several books of their preference. More than 20 people participated.

Currently, Ebenthal is served by several particular libraries and one public one, the Royal National Library, located at the Marco Palace. The government destinates 5% of it's budget to cultural input annualy, specially the acquisition of books.

Cuisine

Gororoba, Ebenthali national dish created by High King Arthur II in 2002.

Ebenthali cuisine varies greatly by region, reflecting the micronation's varying legacy of indigenous and immigrant populations. This has created a national cuisine marked by the preservation of regional differences. Examples are the Gororoba, a sweet ball made of chocolate and milk powder, considered the country's national dish; currywurst is the main regional dish in the enclaves of Nova Friburgo due to the German and Swiss colonization; Doce de leite and cheese bread are the regional dishes in the enclaves o Minas Gerais.

The national beverage is the chocolate milk and coffee. A typical meal consists mostly of rice and beans with beef, french fries and a fried egg. Popular snacks are pastel (a fried pastry); coxinha (a variation of chicken croquete). Ebenthal's cuisine is mainly centered in candies, specially made of chocolate, so the micronation dispose of many desserts such as brigadeiros (chocolate fudge balls), rocambole (roll cake) and romeu e julieta (cheese with goiabada).

Sports

The most popular sport in Ebenthal is football. The micronation just created it's football team in late 2018. Volleyball, basketball, auto racing, and martial arts also attract large audiences. According to a 2019 survey, 10% of the micronation's population fights some type of martial arts, mainly karate, Jiu-Jitsu and Capoeira.

The micronation is also a powerhouse of Paralympic Games as it is home to the world recordist and multiple-times swim champion André Brasil, who is a 1st cousin once removed and godfather to the current High King Arthur II and a Ebenthali national.

National holidays

Name Date Notes
New Year's Day 1 January The first day of the Gregorian year.
Peace Day 19 February Victory of the Ebenthali government at the civil war
International Workers' Day 1 May Honors the the contributions that workers have made to the strength, prosperity, and well-being of the country.
Redemption Day 13 May Commemoration of the abolition of slavery in Brazil by Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil.
Independence Day 11 August Independence from Roschfallen and creation of Ebenthal.
Salvation Day 27 September Deposition of High King Mateus after his attempt to destroy the micronation.
Children’s Day 12 October Honor children, promote mutual exchange and understanding among children and initiate actions to benefit and promote the welfare of the world's children.
Teachers's Day 15 October Special day for the appreciation of teachers and their special contributions to the society.
Mother's Day 29 November Celebration honoring the mother of the family, as well as motherhood, maternal bonds, and the influence of mothers in society.
The chosen date was the death of Marília, Princess of Triunphus, High King Arthur II's mother, to honor her.
Pedro II's Day 2 December Tribute to the birth of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil, a revered person in Ebenthal.
Christmas Day 25 December Traditional commemoration of the birth of Jesus.
New Year's Eve 31 December The final day of the Gregorian year; Saint Sylvester's Day.

See also

References

  1. Liberal League Retrieved on 24 January 2020. Published on 1 January 2017.
  2. Bragança, Carlos Tasso de Saxe-Coburgo e. 1959. Dom Pedro II na Alemanha (in Portuguese). 74-75. Senac, São Paulo. ISBN 2873864869
  3. Libertian Archives. Retrieved 24 January 2020. Published on 14 March 2018.
  4. Treaty of Kuerzung. Treaty of mutual recognition and friendship between the Duchy of Axvalley and the Kingdom of Ebenthal. Retrieved on 24 January 2020. Published on 2 January 2015.
  5. Arthur I of Roschfallen (6 June 2019). "Coup d'état in Roschfallen".
  6. Treaty of Belmonte. Treaty of mutual recognition and friendship between the Empire of Karnia-Ruthenia and the Kingdom of Ebenthal. Retrieved 24 January 2020. Published 15 January 2020.