College of Peers of the Realm

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College of Peers of the Realm
Colegiado de Pares do Reino
Conclave of Ebenthal New Logo2.png
Type
Type
Unicameral
Term limits
Life-long
History
Founded21 November 2014
Leadership
Pedro Carvalho, Count of Bicuiba, Conservative Party
Gabriela Amorim, Countess of Zózimo, Worker's Party
Structure
Seats20
Political groups
Government (6)
  •      Conservative Party (6)

Opposition (10)

  •      Worker's Party (5)
  •      Moderate Party (5)

Federative Units Monarchs

  •      Ruling Princes (4)
AuthorityEbenthali constitution, Chapter 5th
Elections
N/A; members nominated by the King
Meeting place
Nominally Gillisburgh

The College of Peers of the Realm (Portuguese: Colegiado de Pares do Reino; formely known as Nobility's Legislative Conclave (Nov 2014-Oct 2020)) is the unicameral legislature of the government of the Kingdom of Ebenthal. It has 20 members of which 16 are named among nobility by the sovereign for lifelong terms or until monarchical dismissal and the remaining 4 are the rulling princes of Ebenthal's federative units.

The College of Peers was officially inaugurated in November 2014 as the Legislative Nobility's Conclave as mandated by Article 5th of the 2014 Ebenthali Constitution. It underwent a reform by October 2020 which added the sub-national rulling princes to the house and changes its denomination to College of Peers of the Realm. It has currently three active political parties: the Conservative Party, Moderate Party and the Worker Party.

The current Lord Speaker is Jonathan, Marquis of Rozandir, who has held the post since June 2020 in the form of the country's first minority government (due to the opposition inability to form a majority through coalition to rule), and the current Vice Lord is Pedro Carvalho, who assumed the post at the same time.[1]

Powers and duties

The College of Peers perform powers on the legislative sphere. It enact laws, amends the constitution (this one requires a majority of two-thirds), holds the power to dismiss a government through a vote of no confidence (under the monarch's sanction), to authorize the government to raise taxes and grant loans, to ratify treaties and other kinds of international agreements (with very few exceptions). The College also appoints members of special comissions, committees and of the Council of State.

Political opposition represented in the College has the power to review the cabinet's actions, make counter-proposals and mimick the Royal Cabinet with it's own, although with the only goal of scrutinize the government's one.

Structure

The College of Peers consists on 20 members. 16 of these members, called Peers of the Realm, are appointed by the monarch to serve life-long terms while the remaining 4 members consist on the ruling princes of Ebenthal's federative units, serving for as long as their reign last and enjoying of an unique hereditary position within the parliament. Nonetheless, while both Peers and Princes may speak freely, the right of vote is exclusive to the appointed Peers. Each federative unit (5 principalities and the capital) provides 1 to 3 Peers each, by proportional representation. The leader of the major party or coalition in the College is nominally appointed by the monarch as the speaker of the house under the title of Lord Speaker, while either the leader of a neutral party, coalition or the major party's deputy leader is appointed as deputy-speaker as Vice Lord Speaker and the leader of the opposition to Dark Lord and responsible to mimick the Prime Minister and the Lord Speaker by forming a shadow cabinet to scrutinize the government's one and to make counter-proposals on parliamentary issues.

  • Lord Speaker is named by the King among the majority party to be the Speaker of the House.
  • Vice Lord is named by the King among the the majority or the middle party to be deputy Speaker of the House.
  • Dark Lord automatically risen as the leader of the main opposition party on the event of a Premier nomination; his role mimick both the Prime Minister and Lord Speaker, where he serves as the opposition speaker and form a shadow cabinet, with no actual power, to scrutinize the government's one and make alternative proposals.

Furthermore all Peers shall enjoy the title of Lord and the style of The Most Dignified.

Procedure

The legislative procedure goes through four stages. First, a bill is introduced to the College either by a member of government or, in the case of a private member's bill, by any individual representative. The first reading takes place and then takes a vote. If the bill is dismissed, the procedure ends. The second reading takes place the next week after the first reading, in which the College debates the bill again. A new vote is taken, and if successful, the bill is submitted to the monarch for either royal assent or dismissal. If the College comes to a different conclusion during the second reading, a third reading will be held at least three days later, repeating the debate and vote, and may adopt the amendments from the second reading or finally dismiss the bill.

Parties

The table below lists parties currently represented in the College.

Name Ideologies Leader Current seats
PC Conservative Party
Partido Conservador
Conservatism The Marquis of Rozandir
6 / 16
PM Moderate Party
Partido Moderado
Liberalism The Duke of sion
5 / 16
PT Worker's Party
Partido Trabalhista
Democratic socialism The Countess of Zózimo
5 / 16

Composition and seats

Members

Elected MP Party State Took office Seat # Notes
Appointed
The Marquis of Rozandir Conservative New Switzerland Flag.png New Switzerland 2 February 2020 1 Lord Speaker
The Count of Bicuíba Conservative AldivaFlag.png Aldiva 5 March 2019 2 Vice Lord Speaker
The Countess of Zózimo Worker's Fascist Flag of Ebenthal (proposal) - Copia.png Gillisburgh 31 December 2019 3 Dark Lady; Leader of the opposition
The Duke of Launceston Moderate Fascist Flag of Ebenthal (proposal) - Copia.png Gillisburgh 21 November 2014 4
The Duke of Sion Moderate Flag of Belmonte (2020).png Belmonte 20 January 2016 5
Prince Fernando Conservative Nigrum Montis flag.png Negromonte 30 October 2015 6 Prime Minister
The Count of Icarus Worker's Principality of Alvorada Flag.png Alvorada 7 September 2018 7
The Count of Aldamir Moderate Flag of Belmonte (2020).png Belmonte 24 December 2018 8
The Duke of Guanabara Conservative Fascist Flag of Ebenthal (proposal) - Copia.png Gillisburgh 15 April 2017 9
The Marquis of Recceswinth Conservative New Switzerland Flag.png New Switzerland 13 September 2014 10
The Count of Novesfora Conservative Nigrum Montis flag.png Negromonte 10 May 2015 11
The Marquis of Ferea Worker's Ebenthali Imperial Flag Inverse (no arms).png Carlenburg 1 July 2020 12
The Count of Aida Worker's Ebenthali Imperial Flag Inverse (no arms).png Carlenburg 5 July 2020 13
The Count of the Hidden Mound Worker's AldivaFlag.png Aldiva 28 February 2020 14
The Marquis of Terra Nova Moderate Flag of Belmonte (2020).png Belmonte 16 February 2020 15
The Count of Autem Moderate Principality of Alvorada Flag.png Alvorada 20 January 2020 16

See also

References

  1. Moderate Governmet fell. Conservative Government emerged. Published in 30 June 2020. Retrieved in 23 August 2020.