Konkrëse

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Konkrëse
5th Konkrëse parliamentary session
Type
Type
HousesHouse of Aristocrats
House of Councillors
Term limits
1 year
History
Founded8 March 2021 (2021-03-08)
Leadership
The Marquis of Rozandir
since 5 December 2022
Wellington Muniz, ND
since 30 July 2023
Bernardo BarcelosND
since 30 July 2023
Henri SãensPN
since 30 July 2023
Structure
SeatsAristocrats: 9
Councillors: 18
House of Aristocrats political groups
  Non-partisan (8)
(House members are required to be non-partisan in the exercise of their function)
House of Councillors political groups
Government (10):

Opposition (6):

Other groups (3):

Elections
Appointment by the Monarch
Single non-transferable vote
House of Councillors last election
30 July 2023
House of Councillors next election
30 July 2024
Meeting place
Setzenbrand

The Konkrëse (from Hunsrik: Congresso), often simply referred as The Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the Kingdom of Ebenthal. It is a bicameral legislature consisting of an elected lower chamber, the House of Councillors, and a upper chamber whose members are appointed at the Sovereign's discretion from the nobility, the House of Aristocrats. Members of both chambers serve one-year terms. The political party or coalition that controls the majority of seats in the lower chamber chooses the national executive for the country, the Archchancellor. Although by convention the Archchancellor is also a member of the Councillors, there have been cases in which the Archchancellor has been chosen from among the Aristocrats. The Archchancellor and his Executive Council are thereby accountable to the parliament, so that their position depends on maintaining the confidence of the legislative chambers, otherwise they may be removed.

The Konrëse was innaugurated in 8 March 2021 replacing the country's former unicameral parliament, the College of Peers of the Realm, which had been active since the country's independence. Initially called Conclave, the College of Peeras underwent a reformarion in October 2020 which culminated with its abolition and replacement.[1] There is no limit to the number of parties that can act in Konkrëse, although since 2022 a de facto two-party system remains. Since its establishment, Konkrëse has undergone two major reforms in order to give it greater representation and protagonism.

Etymology

The word Konkrëse comes from the Riograndenser Hunsrückisch, a Brazilian-originated German dialect, translating to "Congress", or "Congresso" in Portuguese. It is similar to he original German word "Kongress", but it actually evolved from the Portuguese word phonetics as a "germanization" (Brazilians spell the word konkrëse more similarly to the word congresso than to the word kongress, mainly because of the last vowel).

Legislative functions

The Konrëse perform powers on the legislative sphere. Primarily enacts laws and holds the government accountable. The enactment of laws occurs by public vote and requires a simple majority most of the time. However, some laws, such as constitutional amendments and the overturning of Royal Edicts—which are decrees granted by the Sovereign, require the approval of a double supermajority of both chambers or unanimous approval of the House of Councillors. As the Archchancellor of Ebenthal is drawn from the Konkrëse, his position and cabinet depend on parliamentary trust, mainly from the House of Councillors. Both chambers can introduce a motion of no confidence into the government, but only the Councillors can vote on it, and the Sovereign's royal assent is required unless a supermajority approves the motion. Furthermore, it is within the scope of Konkrëse's powers to authorize the government regarding the use of state finances, to ratify treaties and other types of international agreements, to deal with conciliation and arbitration when required and to create committees.

Procedure

A legislative bill (projeto de lei) can be formally introduced by any member of both chambers, as well as by the Sovereign, the Chiefs Executive and the Rulers of the Special Autonomous Regions, although it is more commonly introduced by the parliamentary chambers. However, only nobility and royalty can introduce bills in the House of Aristocrats. In either house, the presiding officer—the Aristocrat's Lord President and the Councillors' President—read the proposed bill and puts it up to voting by their respective chambers. If a bill is approved in the House of Aristocrats, it is immediatly sent to the Sovereign's appraisal; if it is approved in the House of Councillors, then it goes through the Aristocrats' scrutiny in which they vote on the bill—except if the bill has been approved by a supermajority, in which case it is sent directly to the Sovereign without going through the scrutiny of the Aristocrats. If it fails in the Aristocrats, the bill is returned to the Councilors to be amended following suggestions from the Aristocrats. If approved, it is sent to the Sovereign's appraisal. If a bill fails, in both chambers, it can be voted on again in the next session; if the second vote is approved, it follows normal procedures; if it is rejected again, the bill is shelved and can only be revived after a month.

Once approved in both chambers, the bill is sent for evaluation by the Sovereign, who uses his power of royal assent and veto at his own pleasure. By assenting to the bill, it becomes law and comes into force immediately. If a bill is approved by a double supermajority, that is, by three-quarters of the members of both parliamentary chambers, it automatically takes effect as law, without requiring the Sovereign's assent.

Composition

House of Aristocrats

The House of Aristocrats is made up of as many members as half the number of members of the House of Councilors. They are appointed at the Sovereign's discretion among the members of the nobility of Ebenthal to serve one-year terms. Unlike the lower chamber, members of the House of Aristocrats do not represent constituencies or political parties. If a member of the house dies or relinquish their title, provided that there is a willing heir, they assume the vacant position for the remainder of the term of office. The presiding officer of the House of Aristocrats, called Lord President, is appointed by the Sovereign from among the members of the house. In turn, the Lord President appoints his deputy, the Vice Lord President, often simply called Vice Lord. By convention, the Monarch appoints as Lord President a noble with ties to the majority party in the House of Councilors or after consultation with the Archchancellor.

House of Councillors

The House of Councillors is formed by an unspecified amount of members elected in proportional representation through universal suffrage. The proportionality system adopted in Ebenthal establishes the election of one member for every ten inhabitants. Administrative divisions that have less than 10 inhabitants also elect one member. Election takes place through the first-past-the-post system in which each citizen votes for only one candidate, and the candidate who receives the most votes wins. Members of the House of Councillors represent constituencies corresponding to the country's municipalities and special regions and may or may not be affiliated to political parties. They serve one-year terms, with unlimited possibility of re-elections. Members of the party or coalition with the most seats appoint the Archchancellor who, by convention, is a member of parliament, usually from the House of Councillors, but this is not a constitutional requirement and there have been cases where a member of the House of Aristocrats has taken the position. The Archchancellor, in turn, appoints the presiding officer of the house, the Speaker of the House, who appoints its Deputy Speaker. Since 2024 members of the nobility are barred from serving in the House of Councillors.

Parties

The table below lists parties currently represented in the Konkrëse.

Name Ideologies Leader Current seats
PN National Party
Partido Nacional
Conservatism Francisco Arrais
4 / 18
ND New Democrats
Novos Democratas
Centrism The Duchess of Guterfolg
5 / 18
PR Republican Party
Partido Republicano
Republicanism Alessandro Rosas
1 / 18

Seats

Aristocrats

Appointed MP Party State Took office Seat # Notes
Appointed
The Marquis of Rozandir Non-partisan  Ebenthal 2 February 2020 1 Lord President
The Prince of Soussen Non-partisan  Ebenthal 22 January 2023 2
The Baron of Sommerlath Non-partisan  Ebenthal 22 January 2024 3
The Marquis of Braunau Non-partisan  Ebenthal 22 January 2024 4
The Marquis of Amsee Non-partisan  Ebenthal 22 January 2024 5
The Duchess of Guterfolg Non-partisan  Ebenthal 31 December 2019 6
The Countess of Barcelos Non-partisan  Ebenthal 10 March 2021 7
The Count of Aldringen Non-partisan  Ebenthal 14 August 2022 8
The Baron of Telesia Non-partisan  Ebenthal 22 January 2024 9

Councillors

Elected MP Party Province Took office Seat # Notes
Elected
Edgar Oliveira National Party Erzfelsen 5 May 2024 1
Rodrigo Falcão New Democrats Erzfelsen 12 October 2022 2
Daniel Vilela New Democrats Erzfelsen 12 October 2022 3
Wellington Muniz New Democrats Setzenbrand 8 March 2021 4 President of the House
Thiago Walker New Democrats Setzenbrand 12 October 2022 5
Átila Carvalho New Democrats Setzenbrand 5 May 2024 6
Bernardo Barcelos New Democrats Aufenbauer 8 September 2021 7 ex officio Archchancellor
Eric de Pádua National Party Aufenbauer 8 March 2021 8
Henri Sãens National Party Lehen 8 September 2021 9 Leader of the Opposition
Alessandro Rosas Republican Lehen 22 January 2024 10 Indirectly elected
Lucas Calixto National Party New Switzerland 5 May 2024 11
Francisco Arrais National Party New Switzerland 8 March 2021 12
Gabriel Carvalho National Party Lüttenhausen 12 October 2022 13
Oskar Andersen Independent Tussen 30 July 2023 14
Gabriel Vitorino New Democrats Grünhufe 5 May 2024 15
Bruno Assaf National Party  Harram 5 May 2024 16
vacant Rotenberg 17 To be elected
Special seat
Lukas Degermark Independent w:Sweden Swedish minority 22 January 2024 18 Indirectly elected
Non-voting delegate
José Peña Independent Süden-Süden 5 May 2024 19

References

  1. Ministry of Information. New legislature, new government. Published on 28 March 2021. Retrieved 9 July 2021.