Konkrëse

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Konkrëse
3rd Konkrëse
Logo of the Konkrëse.svg
Type
Type
HousesHouse of Aristocrats
House of Councillors
Term limits
Life-long (Aristocrats)
1 year (Councillors)
History
FoundedMarch 8, 2021 (2021-03-08)
Leadership
The Duchess of Frumar
since 5 December 2022
Vice Lord Speaker
The Duke of SternachtenND
since 5 December 2022
Deputy Speaker
The Duke of NovaesND
since 5 December 2022
The Duke of AmbarinoND
since 5 December 2022
Francisco Arrais, PN
since 5 December 2022
Structure
Seats37
22 Lords of Congress
15 Councillors
House of Aristocrats political groups
     Non-partisan (22)
(House members are non-partisan in character, but are free to affiliate with any political parties)
House of Councillors political groups
Government (7):
  •      New Democratic Party (7)

Opposition (5):

  •      National Party (5)

Other groups (3):

  •      Independent (3)
Elections
First-past-the-post
House of Councillors last election
12 October 2022
House of Councillors next election
12 October 2023
Meeting place
Raych Halle, Malmünd de jure
Discord de facto

The Konkrëse, officialy called Der Konkrëse der Raych (Portuguese: O Congresso do Reino, "The Kingdom's Congress"), and often simply referred as The Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the Kingdom of Ebenthal. The Konkrëse is a bicameral parliament consisting of the House of Aristocrats, formed by an unlimited number of appointed nobles serving life-long terms, and the House of Councillors, formed by fourteen elected members serving 1-year terms. The political party or party coalition that controls the majority of seats in the lower house (councillors) chooses the national executive for the country, the Prime Minister of Ebenthal, who is also a member of parliament. His and his cabinet's position depends on the parliamentary confidence, otherwise, lose their office.

The Konkrëse was officialy innaugurated in 8 March 2021 with the approval of its creation sanctioned by the King in substitution to Ebenthal's former unicameral parliament, the College of Peers of the Realm, which was active since 2014 and underwent a reformation in October 2020.[1] The Konkrëse was founded with three active parties: The Conservative Party, the Moderate Party and the Worker's Party, but there is no limit to the number of political parties that can act in parliament.

The Konkrëse's upper house, unlike what happens in most countries, is de facto as powerful as the lower house, although both constitutionally holds specific powers each.By convention, the House of Aristocrats's speaker, entitled Lord Speaker, is the acting political head of the parliament, taking the lead in most legislative matters, concurrently with the Councillor Speaker, the House of Councillor's speaker of the house. Legally all legislative power draws from the King of Ebenthal, and thus, the King retains powers to issue decrees with effect of law and to dissolve the parliament at will.

Etymology

The word Konkrëse comes from the Riograndenser Hunsrückisch, a Brazilian-originated German dialect, translating to "Congress", or "Congresso" in Portuguese. It is similar to he original German word "Kongress", but it actually evolved from the Portuguese word phonetics as a "germanization" (Brazilians spell the word konkrëse more similarly to the word congresso than to the word kongress, mainly because of the last vowel).

Legislative functions

The Konkrëse perform powers on the legislative sphere. It enact laws, amends the constitution (this one requires a majority of two-thirds), holds the power to dismiss a government through a vote of no confidence (under the monarch's sanction), to authorize the government to apply or exempt taxes, take and grant loans and to deal in trade and commerce, to ratify treaties and other kinds of international agreements (with very few exceptions), to deal with conciliation and arbitration when required, to legislate on immigration and citizenship, tor recognize the throne's heir and to legislate in matters regarding the military institution. The Konkrëse also creates and appoints members of special comissions and committees.

Political opposition represented in the parliament has the power to review the cabinet's actions, make counter-proposals and mimick the Royal Cabinet with its own (labeled Shadow Cabinet), although with the only goal of scrutinize the government's one.

Procedure

A legislative bill can be formally introduced by any member of both legislative houses, as well as by the Sovereign and the Federal Princes rulers of the Ebenthal's individual federated principalities, although it is more commonly introduced by the parliamentary houses only, specially the House of Aristocrats. The Lord Speaker or the Councillor Speaker read the proposed bill and puts it up to voting by their respective chambers. If a bill is approved in the upper chamber, it is immediatly sent to the King's office for his royal assent or veto; if it is approved in the lower chamber, then it goes to the upper chamber to be voted there, with a few exceptions which may be directly sent to the King's office. If a bill fails, in both chambers, it can be voted on again in the next session; if the second vote is approved, it follows normal procedures; if it is rejected again, the bill is shelved and can only be revived after a month. If a bill approved in the lower house is rejected in the upper house, then it is returned to the lower house and submitted to changes, so it must be voted and approved there again to be sent to the upper house for their judgement.

The King possesses constitutional power to sanction and veto any parliamentary decision at his will regardless of whether they were approved by the majority or not.

Composition

House of Aristocrats

The House of Aristocrats is made up of as many members as the monarch appoints, selected exclusively from among the Ebenthali nobility; not all nobles are members of the House of Aristocrats. Members, often called Lords of Congress, Aristocrats or simply Members of the House of Aristocrats, do not represent constituencies and their lenght of term is lifetime. When a member dies or relinquishes his title, if there is a clear heir, he assumes the deceased member's position in the house. In concurrence with the result of elections to the House of Councillors, the monarch appoints a member of the Aristocrats to be the Lord Speaker, who in turn appoints the Vice Lord Speaker. By convention, the monarch appoints as Lord Speaker a member of the party or coalition that has a majority of seats in the lower house, or some noble on the Prime Minister's advice.

House of Councillors

The House of Councillors is formed by an unspecified amount of members elected in proportional representation, that is, each province elects as many councilors as it has inhabitants. In Ebenthal, for every ten permanent residents, one councilor is elected (the same applies if the province has less than ten residents). The election takes place through the first-past-the-post system in which each citizen votes for only one candidate, and the candidate who receives the most votes wins. Members, often called Councillors of Members of the House of Councillors, represent constituencies corresponding to the country's provinces and their lenght of term is that of 1 year, with possibility of unlimited re-election. Members of the party or coalition with the most seats appoint the Prime Minister, who in turn appoints the Councillor Speaker, who in turn appoints the Deputy Speaker.

Parties

The table below lists parties currently represented in the College.

Name Ideologies Leader Current seats
PN National Party
Partido Nacional
Conservatism Francisco Arrais
5 / 15
PR Republican Party
Partido Republicano
Republicanism Alessandro Rosas
0 / 15
ND New Democratic Party
Partido dos Novos Democratas
Centrism The Duchess of Frumar
7 / 15

Seats

Aristocrats

Appointed MP Party State Took office Seat # Notes
Appointed
The Marquis of Rozandir Non-partisan  Ebenthal 2 February 2020 1 Vice Lord Speaker
The Count of Lyns Non-partisan  Ebenthal 5 March 2019 2
The Count of Reccared Non-partisan  Ebenthal 14 August 2022 3
The Prince Pedro II Non-partisan  Ebenthal 14 August 2022 4 former reigning Prince of Belmonte
The Prince Fernando Non-partisan  Ebenthal 30 October 2015 5
The Marquis of Recceswinth Non-partisan  Ebenthal 13 September 2014 6
The Count of Nordwind Non-partisan  Ebenthal 7 September 2018 7
The Count of Goethe Non-partisan  Ebenthal 13 October 2022 8
The Marquis of Telesia Non-partisan  Ebenthal 1 July 2020 9
The Count of Galla Placidia Non-partisan  Ebenthal 5 July 2020 10
The Count of Ivrea Non-partisan  Ebenthal 28 February 2020 11
The Marquis of Savassi Non-partisan  Ebenthal 16 February 2020 12
The Prince Hugo III Non-partisan  Ebenthal 10 March 2021 13 former reigning Prince of Schwarzberg
The Duchess of Frumar Non-partisan  Ebenthal 31 December 2019 14 Lady Speaker
The Duke of Ambarino Non-partisan  Ebenthal 14 August 2022 15 Prime Minister
The Countess of Barcelos Non-partisan  Ebenthal 10 March 2021 16
The Marquis of Soutofeld Non-partisan  Ebenthal 14 August 2022 17
The Marquis of Nova Gallar Non-partisan  Ebenthal 14 August 2022 18
The Count of Theudigisel Non-partisan  Ebenthal 14 August 2022 19
The Count of Balten Non-partisan  Ebenthal 24 December 2018 20
The 2nd Duchess of Montana Non-partisan  Ebenthal 8 March 2021 21

Councillors

Elected MP Party Province Took office Seat # Notes
Elected
The Duke of Sternachten New Democrats Flag of Minen.png Minen 8 March 2021 1 Speaker of the house (councillor speaker)
Wellington Muniz New Democrats Flag of Malmünd.png Malmünd 8 March 2021 2
Bernardo Barcelos New Democrats Flag of Eichenham.png Eichenham 8 September 2021 3
The Duke of Grünewald New Democrats Flag of Malmünd.png Malmünd 12 October 2022 4
The Marquis of Falkner New Democrats Flag of Minen.png Minen 12 October 2022 5
Daniel Vilela New Democrats Flag of Minen.png Minen 12 October 2022 6
The Duke of Novaes New Democrats Flag of Malmünd.png Malmünd 12 October 2022 7 Deputy speaker
Eric de Pádua Independent Flag of Eichenham.png Eichenham 8 March 2021 8
The Marquis of Liuva Independent Flag of Herrenwald.png Herrenwald 8 March 2021 9
Henri Sãens National Party Flag of Herrenwald.png Herrenwald 8 September 2021 10
The Marquis of Braunau National Party Flag of New Switzerland (2021).png New Switzerland 12 October 2022 11
Francisco Arrais National Party Flag of New Switzerland (2021).png New Switzerland 8 March 2021 12 Leader of the opposition
Gabriel Carvalho National Party Flag of Schwarzberg.png Schwarzberg 12 October 2022 13
The Count of Allesgüt National Party Flag of Walisisch.png Nëbensee 8 March 2021 14
Vacant Not yet elected Flag of Grünhufe.png Grünhufe Not yet elected 15

References

  1. Ministry of Information. New legislature, new government. Published on 28 March 2021. Retrieved 9 July 2021.