Konkrëse

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Konkrëse
Riograndenser Hunsrückisch
1st Konkrëse
Konkrese Logo.png
Type
Type
HousesHouse of Aristocrats
House of Councillors
Term limits
Life-long (Aristocrats)
6 months (Councillors)
History
FoundedMarch 8, 2021 (2021-03-08)
Leadership
The Marquis of Rozandir, Worker's Party
since 10 March 2021
Vice Lord Speaker
vacantWorker's Party
since 10 March 2021
The Duke of SionModerate Party
since 8 March 2021
Deputy Speaker
Wellington Muniz, Moderate Party
since 10 March 2021
Structure
Seats28
14 Lords of Congress
14 Councillors
House of Aristocrats political groups
Government (10):
  •      Worker's Party (6)
  •      Moderate Party (4)

Opposition (4):

  •      Conservative Party (4)
House of Councillors political groups
Government (11):
  •      Worker's Party (5)
  •      Moderate Party (6)

Opposition (3):

  •      Conservative Party (3)
Elections
First-past-the-post
House of Councillors last election
8 March 2021
House of Councillors next election
7 September 2021
Meeting place
Gillisburgh de jure
Discord de facto

The Konkrëse, officialy called Der Konkrëse der Raych (Portuguese: O Congresso do Reino, "The Kingdom's Congress"), and often simply referred as The Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the Kingdom of Ebenthal. The Konkrëse is a bicameral parliament consisting of the House of Aristocrats, formed by twelve appointed nobles serving life-long terms, and the House of Councillors, formed by twelve elected members serving six-month terms. The political party or party coalition that controls the majority of seats in the lower house (councillors) chooses the national executive for the country, the Prime Minister of Ebenthal, who is also a member of parliament. His and his cabinet's position depends on the parliamentary confidence, otherwise, lose their office.

The Konkrëse was officialy innaugurated in 8 March 2021 with the approval of its creation sanctioned by the King in substitution to Ebenthal's former unicameral parliament, the College of Peers of the Realm, which was active since 2014 and underwent a reformation in October 2020. The Konkrëse was founded with three active parties: The Conservative Party, the Moderate Party and the Worker's Party, but there is no limit to the number of political parties that can act in parliament.

The Konkrëse's upper house, unlike what happens in most countries, is de facto more powerful than the lower house, although both constitutionally holds equal power with some specific powers each. Therefore, the House of Aristocrats's speaker, entitled Lord Speaker, is the acting political head of the parliament, taking the lead in most legislative matters, concurrently with the Councillor Speaker, the House of Councillor's speaker of the house. Legally all legislative power draws from the King of Ebenthal, and thus, the King retains powers to issue decrees with effect of law and to dissolve the parliament at will.

Etimology

The word Konkrëse comes from the Riograndenser Hunsrückisch, a Brazilian-originated German dialect, translating to "Congress", or "Congresso" in Portuguese. It is similar to he original German word "Kongress", but it actually evolved from the Portuguese word phonetics as a "germanization" (Brazilians spell the word konkrëse more similarly to the word congresso than to the word kongress, mainly because of the last vowel).

Legislative functions

The Konkrëse perform powers on the legislative sphere. It enact laws, amends the constitution (this one requires a majority of two-thirds), holds the power to dismiss a government through a vote of no confidence (under the monarch's sanction), to authorize the government to apply or exempt taxes, take and grant loans and to deal in trade and commerce, to ratify treaties and other kinds of international agreements (with very few exceptions), to deal with conciliation and arbitration when required, to legislate on immigration and citizenship, tor recognize the throne's heir and to legislate in matters regarding the military institution. The Konkrëse also creates and appoints members of special comissions and committees.

Political opposition represented in the parliament has the power to review the cabinet's actions, make counter-proposals and mimick the Royal Cabinet with its own (labeled Shadow Cabinet), although with the only goal of scrutinize the government's one.

Procedure

A legislative bill can be formally introduced by any member of both legislative houses, as well as by the Sovereign and the Federal Princes rulers of the Ebenthal's individual federated principalities, although it is more commonly introduced by the parliamentary houses only, specially the House of Aristocrats. The Lord Speaker or the Councillor Speaker read the proposed bill and puts it up to voting by their respective chambers. If a bill is approved in the upper chamber, it is immediatly sent to the King's office for his royal assent or veto; if it is approved in the lower chamber, then it goes to the upper chamber to be voted there, with a few exceptions which may be directly sent to the King's office. If a bill fails, in both chambers, it can be voted on again in the next session; if the second vote is approved, it follows normal procedures; if it is rejected again, the bill is shelved and can only be revived after a month. If a bill approved in the lower house is rejected in the upper house, then it is returned to the lower house and submitted to changes, so it must be voted and approved there again to be sent to the upper house for their judgement.

The King possesses constitutional power to sanction and veto any parliamentary decision at his will regardless of whether they were approved by the majority or not.

Composition

House of Aristocrats

The House of Aristocrats is the upper chamber of the Konkrëse. Its members, known as Lords of the Congress, Lords of the Parliament or Members of the House of Aristocrats (MA), are members of the nobility appointed by the Sovereign to serve life-long terms. Each federative unit is represented on the house by two lords, who are be appointed by the monarch. The leader of the major party or coalition in the house is appointed Lord Speaker and lead the house, while its deputy is called Vice Lord Speaker. Although members of this house hold their term legally for life, the King holds power to remove them from office and appoint a substitute on their place.

House of Councillors

The House of Councillors is the lower chamber of the Konkrëse. Its members, known as Councillors or Members of the House of Councillors (MC), may be either a commoner or a noble, and are freely elected through universal suffrage by the Ebenthali citizens to serve six-month terms, with no limits to re-election. Each federative unit is represented on he house by two councillors. The party or coalition that holds the majority of seats wins the executive role of Prime Minister, whose holder is appointed by the monarch. The leader of the major party or coalition in the house is appointed Councillor Speaker and lead the house, while its deputy is called Deputy Speaker.

Parties

The table below lists parties currently represented in the College.

Name Ideologies Leader Current seats
PC Conservative Party
Partido Conservador
Conservatism Prince Fernando of Negromonte
7 / 28
PM Moderate Party
Partido Moderado
Liberalism The Duke of sion
10 / 28
PT Worker's Party
Partido Trabalhista
Democratic socialism The Countess of Wittiza
11 / 28

Seats

Aristocrats

Appointed MP Party State Took office Seat # Notes
Appointed
The Marquis of Rozandir Conservative New Switzerland Flag.png New Switzerland 2 February 2020 1
The Count of Lyns Conservative AldivaFlag.png Aldiva 5 March 2019 2
The Countess of Wittiza Worker's Communist Flag of Ebenthal (proposal).png Gillisburgh 31 December 2019 3 Prime Minister
The 2nd Duchess of Montana Moderate Communist Flag of Ebenthal (proposal).png Gillisburgh 8 March 2021 4
Prince Fernando Conservative Nigrum Montis flag.png Negromonte 30 October 2015 5 Leader of the Opposition
The Count of Icarus Worker's Flag of the Principality of Alvorada (2020).png Alvorada 7 September 2018 6
The Count of Ardo Moderate Flag of Belmonte (2021).png Belmonte 24 December 2018 7
The Marquis of Recceswinth Conservative New Switzerland Flag.png New Switzerland 13 September 2014 8
The Marquis of Ferea Worker's Ebenthali Imperial Flag Inverse (no arms).png Carlenburg 1 July 2020 9
The Count of Galla Placidia Worker's Ebenthali Imperial Flag Inverse (no arms).png Carlenburg 5 July 2020 10
The Count of Framtan Worker's AldivaFlag.png Aldiva 28 February 2020 11
The Marquis of Terra Nova Worker's Flag of Belmonte (2021).png Belmonte 16 February 2020 12
Hugo III of Negromonte Moderate Nigrum Montis flag.png Negromonte 10 March 2021 13 former reigning Prince of Negromonte
The Countess of Barcelos Moderate Flag of the Principality of Alvorada (2020).png Alvorada 10 March 2021 14

Councillors

Elected MP Party State Took office Seat # Notes
Elected
The Duke of Sion Moderate Flag of Belmonte (2021).png Belmonte 8 March 2021 1 Councillor Speaker
The Count of Autem Moderate Flag of the Principality of Alvorada (2020).png Alvorada 8 March 2021 2
The Count of Novesfora Conservative Nigrum Montis flag.png Negromonte 8 March 2021 3
The Duke of Guanabara Conservative Communist Flag of Ebenthal (proposal).png Gillisburgh 8 March 2021 4
Pedro Carvalho Worker's Flag of Belmonte (2021).png Belmonte 8 March 2021 5
Francisco Arrais Conservative New Switzerland Flag.png New Switzerland 8 March 2021 6
Letícia Carvalho Moderate AldivaFlag.png Aldiva 8 March 2021 7
Hugo do Amaral Moderate Ebenthali Imperial Flag Inverse (no arms).png Carlenburg 8 March 2021 8
The Duke of Launceston Moderate Communist Flag of Ebenthal (proposal).png Gillisburgh 8 March 2021 9
Wellington Muniz Moderate Flag of the Principality of Alvorada (2020).png Alvorada 8 March 2021 10
Yuri Barcelos Worker's AldivaFlag.png Aldiva 8 March 2021 11
Eric de Pádua Worker's Nigrum Montis flag.png Negromonte 8 March 2021 12 former Count of Three Marys
The Marquis of Liuva Worker's Ebenthali Imperial Flag Inverse (no arms).png Carlenburg 8 March 2021 13
Eduardo Goethe Worker's New Switzerland Flag.png New Switzerland 8 March 2021 14

References