Constitution of Ebenthal
|Constitution of the|
Kingdom of Ebenthal
First page of the Ebenthali magna carta
|Created||8 October 2015|
|Ratified||8 October 2015|
Éric de Pádua
The Constitution of Ebenthal, officially called Political Constitution of the Kingdom of Ebenthal (Portuguese: Constituição Política do Reino de Ebenthal) is the fundamental law of the Kingdom of Ebenthal. It is the foundation and source of the legal authority underlying the existence of Ebenthal and the federal government of Ebenthal. It provides the framework for the organization of the Ebenthali Government and for the relationship of the federal government to the federative unites, to citizens, and to all people within Ebenthal.
Its draft was terminated on 8 October 2015 and the revised text was officially adopted that same day, after a years and two months of Ebenthali independence, during which period Ebenthal functioned under the constitutional draft as intended. Since then, the constitution has sufferend invariable changes through Additional Acts perpetrated by through the parliament either by the Sovereign or the Cabinet under the monarch's assent.
Originally written in Portuguese, the constitution was mostly based on the ones of the Kingdom of Portugall and the Empire of Brazil, both drafted by the Emperor-King Pedro I & IV, and it contains more than 3000 words. An English and German versions of the constitution were made available in 2021.
The Constitution of Ebenthal had its formulation started as soon as the country became independent in August 2014. Discussions led to the decision to establish a constitution similar to the Roschfallenian constitutional project which got rejected in June 2014. That project on itself was heavily inspired by the constitution of the Empire of Brazil with features resembling the 1826 Portuguese Constitution and also invoking a few parts of the constitution of the Ottoman Empire. Over the course of the following months, the discussion centered mainly around the role of the monarch.
As the project wasn't rapidly approved, a King's decree ordered the country to follow any constitutional project, even unaccepted, as if it was in force, in order to keep things as ordered as possible. The discussion on the project eventually stalled as the Ebenthali Independence War reached its peak and holidays arrived. Once the works returned, it was clear that the monarch should exercise political powers in order to keep the micronation stable as King Arthur I did during the war. The discussion then moved to the religious status of the state, as the King wanted it to be a Catholic confessionary state. Nonetheless, this was prevented by the First Lord Éric de Pádua who convincend the members of the Constituent that a secular state was imperative since the micronation's citizens by then were already of many different religions and there would be no actual religious festivities executed by the state.
The last issue discussed was the creation of an armed force. Most members of the constituent felt it would be "cool" to have an armed force, even if solely on paper, for ceremonial purposes. Solved this, the final draft was formally introduced to the Conclave on 8 October 2015, after more than a year being developed. In a special session the draft was unanimously approved and entered in force.
Since the granting of the constitution, it has suffered many alterations called Additional Acts (Atos Adicionais). The Sovereign, Cabinet and Parliament can propose Additional Acts which, to enter in force, must be approved by the minimum of two thirds of the House of Councillors and a common majority in the House of Aristocrats and must be given royal assent.
The most recent and impacting Additional Act, formally called Adtional Act No. 16, was approved on 8 March 2021 changing the constitution's 4th title on the legislative power effectively abolishing the College of Peers of the Realm, Ebenthal's former unicameral legislature, and creating a bicameral one, the Konkrëse.
- Ministry of Information. New legislature, new government. Published on 28 March 2021. Retrieved on 14 June 2021.