Kingdom of Ebenthal

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Kingdom of Ebenthal
Reino de Ebental (Portuguese)
Motto: "Ubique Patriae Memor"
"Anywhere, I'll have the fatherland in memory"
Anthem: "Far Horizons"
Location of Ebenthal in green.
Location of Ebenthal in green.
Capital
and largest city
Malmünd
Official languages
Recognized regional languages
Ethnic groups
(2023)
Religion
(2023)
Demonym(s)Ebenthaler
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary semi-constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Arthur II
Bernardo Barcelos
LegislatureKonkrëse
House of Aristocrats
House of Councillors
Formation
30 January 2014
11 August 2014
28 January 2015
8 October 2015
27 September 2019
29 December 2019
7 April 2020
18 February 2024
Area
• Total
10.1 km2 (3.9 sq mi)
• Water (%)
0.95%
Population
• 2024 estimate
131 (inhabitants)
• Census
233 (citizens)
GDP (PPP)2023 estimate
• Total
𝒦ℳ5.881 million
• Per capita
𝒦ℳ27,481
GDP (nominal)2023 estimate
• Total
𝒦ℳ4.260 million
• Per capita
𝒦ℳ19,906
Gini (2024)Negative increase 37.6
medium · 95th
HDI (2024) 0.908
very high · 27th
CurrencyKupfermark (𝒦ℳ)a (EBK)
Time zoneUTC−3 (BRT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC−2 (BRST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+55
MicrocodeEB
IMSO 1 codeEBN
Internet TLD.eb
  1. The Kupfermark is the country's domestic currency used in all official transactions within Ebenthal, but nevertheless the Brazilian Real is widely used.
  2. Official website

Ebenthal, officially the Kingdom of Ebenthal (Portuguese: Reino de Ebental; Portuguese pronunciation:ˈebenta͡ʊ), is a small self-declared country, commonly known as a micronation, in South America. The country is formed by several enclaves and exclaves moslty surrounded by Brazil, while it also borders the Atlantic ocean to the east and Argentina in an enclave in the far south. At 10.1 square kilometers (3.9 square miles), Ebenthal has 233 citizens, 131 of whom are residents. Its territory is divided into 8 municipalities, 2 special autonomous regions and 1 condominium. The country's capital and most populated city is Malmūnd. Portuguese is the national and one of the country's two official languages along with English. Hunsrik, Spanish and Arabic are regionally recognized languages, while Swedish is recognized as a minority language. The Ebenthaler territory is made up of estates and lands whose sovereignty were formally granted to the national state by its proprietors. The current Constitution of Ebenthal, adopted in 2024, defines the country as a unitary parliamentary semi-constitutional monarchy. Ebenthal is multicultural country with an ethnically diverse society, in addition to being the country with the highest percentage population of spiritists in the world.

The territories that would later form Ebenthal were inhabited by tribal peoples for millennia until their settlement by the Portuguese Empire in 1500, establishing their colony of Brazil which became became independent in 1822 with the founding of the Brazilian Empire. During that period, German and Swiss immigrants, sponsored by the Austrian-German Empress Leopoldina of Brazil, established colonies in the mountainous region of the Province of Rio de Janeiro, which would later become the cultural and historical core of Ebenthal. However, disillusioned with the country's political direction due to the events that followed the 1889 republican coup d'état, in 2014 the Brazilian royalist Arthur van der Bruyn, supported by colleagues, proclaimed the independence of their families' estates and founded the Kingdom of Roschfallen. Notwithstanding, due to ideological conflicts over the administrative structure of the new country, a group of breakaway aristocrats led by Arthur Beato proclaimed the independence of the northern region of Roschfallen and established the Kingdom of Ebenthal.[1] The Beato dynasty ruled for about five years until an attempted coup d'état led the nation to a brief interregnum which culminated with the ascension of the former Roschfallenian monarch to the throne of Ebenthal. This followed a series of administrative reforms and with the political opening and democratization of the country.

A member of the Pact of Malmünd mutual-aid alliance, Ebenthal can be regarded as a micronational regional and a great power both in South America and within the Brazilian sector, in addition to being a small to middle power in some global intermicronational affairs[citation needed]. According to international standarts, Ebenthal can be considered as a developed country with what can be described as a micronational advanced economy. The country's official currency is the Kupfermark, whose value is backed by a copper reserve. However, even though the Kupfermark is the main currency in use among the government, the Brazilian real is accepted as legal tender and continues to be the currency used by the resident population on a daily basis. Ebenthal is a founding member of the Conference of Santiago,[2] and the Micronational Trade Organization, in addition to being a member of the International Aerospace Community.[3] Formerly, the country was also a member of the Union Against Micronational War, Micronational Economic Group, Micronational Monarchies Organization, League of Professional Nations and the Konmalehth.[4] Citizenship can be acquired by application or by living in the country for at least a year, provided that you register with a proper government agency.

Etymology

The Royal Constitution defines the country's official name as 'Kingdom of Ebenthal' in Article 1.

Art. 1. The Kingdom of Ebenthal is the political association of all its citizens and their possessions. They form a free and independent nation which does not admit any bond that oppose its sovereignty.

— Royal Constitution of Ebenthal

The country's proper name was inspired by the homonymous town in Carinthia, Austria. More precisely it is named for the early renaissance castle from which the town took its name, where Prince Luís Gastão of Brazil, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, lived during his exile. Prince Luís Gastão's life inspired former High King Arthur I after reading the book Dom Pedro II in Germany by the Prince's grand-nephew Prince Carlos Tasso of Saxe-Coburg and Braganza.[5]

The name Ebenthal comes from the Slovenian Žrelec, meaning "stallion horse".

History

Pre-Independence

Founding of Rio de Janeiro on 1 March 1565. Malmünd, the Ebenthalian capital, lies enclaves within the Brazilian municipality and they share their history.
Botafogo in 1869, seven years prior to King Arthur II's forefathers' acquisition of the property which would give birth to Roschfallen and become capital of Ebenthal.

The territory of what would become Ebenthal had been inhabited for at least 11,000 years. Its early inhabitants were organized into tribes and were divided mainly between the ethnicities of the linguistic trunks and Tupi, both characterized by semi-nomadism, subsisting on hunting, fishing, gathering, and migrant agriculture. The two groups were geographically distinct, with the Gê preferring to inhabit the fields and plateaus of modern-day central Brazil, while the Tupi spread along the coast. Another distinction is in their social organizations; The Tupi followed a matrilineal chieftaincy system, while for the Gê, leadership was a status more won over time than assigned in succession ceremonies and conventions. Slavery was common among both groups, but it had a different meaning than it had for Europeans, since it originated from a diverse socioeconomic organization in which asymmetries were translated into kinship relations. Native people in the Ebenthaler and Brazilian lands, unlike those in Mesoamerica and the Andean civilizations, did not keep written records or erect stone monuments, and the humid climate and acidic soil have destroyed almost all traces of their material culture, including wood and bones. Therefore, what is known about the region's history before 1500 has been inferred and reconstructed from small-scale archaeological evidence, such as ceramics and stone arrowheads. The most conspicuous remains of these societies are very large mounds of discarded shellfish (sambaquis) found in the coast which were continuously inhabited for over 5,000 years.

Following the 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas, the land now called Ebenthal was claimed for the Portuguese Empire on 22 April 1500, with the arrival of the Portuguese fleet commanded by Pedro Álvares Cabral at the South American far eastern coast.[6] Initially, the lands of Ebenthal were integrated into the captaincies of Rio de Janeiro, Espírito Santo and São Tomé, three separate Portuguese colonies established in 1534 which in 1549 merged with all the others to form the colonial State of Brazil. By the end of the 17th century, the entire territory of modern-day Ebenthal had already been explored and its surroundings settled by the Portuguese. In the first two centuries of colonization, Indigenous and European groups lived in constant war, establishing opportunistic alliances in order to gain advantages against each other. The Tupi Indians who inhabited the Ebenthalian Riviera were driven away to dense forest regions, while the Gê, who inhabited the Highlands, were enslaved at the beginning of the Brazilian Gold Rush.

In late 1807 Napoleonic forces threatened the security of continental Portugal, causing Prince Regent João, in the name of Queen Maria I, to move the royal court from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. With the end of the Peninsular War in 1814, the courts of Europe demanded that Queen Maria I and Prince Regent João return to Portugal, deeming it unfit for the head of an ancient European monarchy to reside in a colony. In 1815, to justify continuing to live in Brazil, where the royal court had thrived for seven years, the Crown established the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, thus creating a pluricontinental transatlantic monarchic state.[7] Tensions between Portuguese and Brazilians increased and the Portuguese Cortes, guided by the new political regime imposed by the Liberal Revolution, tried to re-establish Brazil as a colony.[8] The Brazilians refused to yield, and Prince Pedro decided to stand with them, declaring the country's independence from Portugal on 7 September 1822.[9] A month later, Prince Pedro was declared the first Emperor of Brazil, with the royal title of Dom Pedro I, resulting in the founding of the Empire of Brazil.[10]

During the heyday of the Brazilian Empire (which would be supplanted by First Brazilian Republic in 1889), coinciding with a long and slow period of decline of the Portuguese monarchy, there was a large influx of Portuguese immigration. Moving from Porto to Rio de Janeiro, in 1876 the Portuguese José Pedrosa and his wife Maria Martins da Costa acquired a small farm in the neighborhood of Botafogo which they called Villa do Triunpho. Since then, their direct descendants have lived in the tenement and village. In 2014, Arthur van der Bruyn one of José Pedrosa and Maria Martins's great-great-grandkids and heir to the headship of the House of Bruyn, proclaimed the independence of Villa do Triunpho from Brazil and its incoporation into the Kingdom of Roschfallen he had just founded. His family's properties in Botafogo were promptly converted into the Roschfallenian capital city of Triunphus.

Foundation

Prince Luís Gastão of Brazil, owner and resident of the Ebenthal Castle, which was the inspiration for the micronation.
The Schloss Ebenthal, in Austria, after which this country was named.

In early 2014, Arthur Beato, by then Steward of Harram, an unrecognized microstate surrounded by the Brazilian city of Niterói, was invited by Arthur van der Bruyn – already attending as King Arthur I of Roschfallen – to become a Roschfallenian citizen and politician and was asked to have his family's properties incorporated into the new country, which was accomplished in 9 February that year. In turn, Beato was created 1st Duke of Gallar and was appointed High Commissioner (e.g. governor) of the department (e.g. province) of Gros Morne, which included his family's properties within the Brazilian municipality of Petrópolis, Antônio Scherer's family's properties in Nova Friburgo and the King's own family's properties in Magé.[11] In the months following Roschfallen's founding, the now Duke of Gallar rose to become the chief advisor to his namesake king, primarily assisting in the state's transition from simulationism into a micronational secessionist de facto country. However, despite of having surrounded himself with experienced micronational politicians, the Roschfallenian monarch ruled as an autocrat, constantly ignoring the advice of the noble-exclusive parliament and of his own privy council. On 16 July 2014 the King issued a decree that abolished the nobility's rights over their fiefs, transforming the country into a highly centralized unitary state. As Chairman of the Council of Fools, the Duke of Gallar, supported by several noble houses which intended to regain their rights to proprietary sovereignty and reduce the monarch's immense powers, began a pressure campaign against king and cabinet which culminated in the dissolution of parliament on 11 August and the dismissal of Gallar of his positions.[12] In retaliation, the Duke proclaimed the independence of his family's estate and founded the Republic of Gallar. After conversations with the Duke of Grünewald and the Prince of Iriland, they proclaimed the independence of their properties that up until that moment formed part of the Roschfallenian capital city of Triunphus and joined it to the Republic of Gallar, which was rapidly reorganized into the Kingdom of Ebenthal. The Roschfallenian nobles and aristocrats who sided with the Duke of Gallar proclaimed him as King Arthur I of Ebenthal.[13] Not only his secessionist movement, but the actions of the newly-proclaimed King of Ebenthal in bringing to his side some family members of his Roschfallenian counterpart and expanding the territory of the new micronation by establishing enclaves in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais, fueled the conflict that led to the Ebenthaler War of Independence.[1]

As soon as Ebenthal was established, a Constituent Assembly – which eventually became the Conclave of Ebenthal – was called on 8 October to create the country's new constitution, which was only finally enacted one year later and it was largely based on the Roschfallenian July Constitution which had been drawn up by the rebel nobles and presented to the that country's monarch before he dissolved the government. Ebenthal was created as an aristocratic state in which only titled nobles could hold political office. Despite there being a Grand Vizier as de facto head of government, the King still exercised great political power. The new nation adopted the German-Brazilian culture local to the mountainous region of the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro, where it emerged, for its imagery, in addition to having also been influenced by the Portuguese, British and Ottoman political cultures in its administrative organization. Following the adoption of the flag and coat of arms, the Cross of Saint James, from the Military Order of Saint James of the Sword, became the country's most prominent symbol,[14] present on all national flags since then.

Between August and November the government focused mainly on its structural formation. After the monarch finalized the granting of titles of nobility, on 21 November the Conclave of Ebenthal was officially inaugurated as a unicameral legislature formed by members appointed directly by the king. Adriano Moreira, 1st Duke of Zentar, who had been appointed interimn head of government since the country's independence, was formally appointed as the country's first Grand Vizier. In turn, he appointed six ministers, giving shape to the Cabinet of Ebenthal. On December the 1st, the Tribune of Truth, Ebenthal's only criminal, civil and constitutional court, was innaugurated as Pedro Reis, 1st Count of Gesetzhausen, was appointed Seneschal. Since then, he has been the longest-lived officeholder in the country.

Consolidation

The Constitution of Ebenthal was officialy promulgated in 8 October 2015, consolidating the country's politics.
Promotional art commemorating the end of the 2016 Brazilian invasion of Ebenthal, celebrating the victory of the Principality of New Switzerland.

With the end of the period between August and December 2014 that was marked in Ebenthal's history as the "construction era", at the beginning of 2015 the government sought to establish diplomatic relations with other micronations, following its policy of moving away from simulationism. On 2 January 2015 the Duchy of Axvalley became the first country to recognize the independence of Ebenthal from Roschfallen, amid cyberwarfare campaigns between the two countries. Rubens I, Duke of Axvalley, being a personal friend of the then King of Roschfallen, mediated peace negotiations between that country and Ebenthal. Admitting the futility of the conflict, the King of Roschfallen invited the King of Ebenthal to his birthday celebration on which they signed the Treaty of Botafogo by which both nations recognized each others independence, sovereignity and territorial claims, puting a definitive end to the Independence War and opening Ebenthal to more diplomatic contact. Immediatly following the event, the Ministry of Information and Propaganda established Ebenthal's first website, forum, archive and all kinds of database. The end of the conflict coincided with the end of Hadrian's term as Grand Vizier with the rise of the Conservative Party to power. Nevertheless, conservative politics, like its predecessor the Worker's Party, continued to seek diplomatic recognition abroad, and alienate itself from the Brazilian micronational scene in the Lusophone sector.

Despite having declared its independence not only from Roschfallen but also from Brazil in 2014, it was only in 2016 that Ebenthal came into direct conflict with its macronational neighbor. Despite having declared its independence not only from Roschfallen, but also from Brazil in 2014, it was only in 2016 that Ebenthal came into direct conflict with its macronational neighbor, with the outbreak of the Ebenthali-Brazilian War – which despite the name was little more than a diplomatic conflict, in a way – in which Brazilian municipal authorities invaded part of the territory of the Ebenthaler town of Braunau, capital of the Principality of New Switzerland, claiming it as an integral part of Brazilian territory. The conflict, which revolved around an old demarcation of land and property, was resolved in Brazilian justice, with the case won by Ebenthal's representatives. Despite the success, the government of Igor Torres, 1st Count of Luseff, was blamed for harming Ebenthali's chances of victory against Brazil by ordering an online persecution campaign against one of the Brazilian agents involved in the invasion. His cabinet was dismissed and replaced by a new one formed by the Count of Verdefort.

Just under three months after the conflict with Brazil, Ebenthal would experience an even worse internal conflict, with the discovery of a coup d'état against King Arthur I led by the First Lord of the Conclave (e.g. Speaker of the House) Nilo Moreira, 1st Count of the Hidden Mound. Although the Tribune of Truth found him guilty and sentenced him to banishment in absentia, the nobleman, supported by radical opponents of the Verdefort government and King Arthur, proclaimed himself King of Ebenthal and began a cyberwarfare campaign in order to gain control of Ebenthal's communications channels and archives, in what became the Ebenthaler Civil War. Nilo's position was supported by the openly Nazi Arabic Empire, while Ebenthal's legitimate government was heavily supported by the governments of Roschfallen, Harram, Schneeblutig and Rubrayev. After failing to gain control over Ebenthal and being threatened with criminal prosecution in Brazilian courts of justice, Nilo saw his supporters disappear until, alone, he gave up his coup and was, along with most of his former supporters, sentenced to death. in absentia – sentence that is automatically commuted to banishment, in Ebenthal.[15]

After the civil war, Ebenthal was left strengthened and with its micronational activity renewed. The country's population grew 157% between 2017 and 2019 due to the immigration and application for citizenship by Brazilians mainly related to the royal family and the principalities' reigning families, including some German Brazilians[16] The country finally joined the Lusophone sector, establishing relations with São Guimarães and Escorvania.

Intermicronational rise

Portrait of King Arthur II, who was enthroned in 29 December 2019 following the September-December interregnum.
Flag of the Conference of Santiago of which Ebenthal is a founding member, and which has become the most influential intermicronational organization in South America.[17]

Despite the wide populational growth (regarding both resident and non-resident citizens), Ebenthal's demography suffered a fall in 2018 as a consequence of the Brazilian economic crisis which forced many Ebenthali residents moving due to rising rent prices, sparking the 2010 Ebenthaler exodus, on which the country's resident population decreased by circa 25%. The following year, however, the population began to gradually recover thanks to government efforts to recruit new micronationalists. Nonetheless the political situation caused great disinterest in the political class, and even in the King, pushing the micronation to the brink of political inactivity. Taking advantage of the situation, together with other factors, such as his studies outside of South America, King Arthur I announced he would abdicate the throne, which he did in 24 June 2019. He was immediately suceeded by his brother as King Mateus I (or Matthew I).

Mateus' brief reign started as promissing but ended up being rather chaotic. He tried to bring in a series of unpopular changes and centralizing the government on his hands. The new monarch's disregard for the political game earned him many enemies and he conflicted with every major political power, of which the most prominent was the Reis Dynasty, a powerful noble house which by the time had five members in key government offices, including the Seneschal of the Tribune of Truth, Pedro Reis, 1st Count of Gesetzhausen and the Peer Nícollas Reis, 1st Duke of Nëbensee. King Mateus then tried to seized absolute power by abusing his constitutional rights through dismissing most members of the country's institutions which posed themselves against him, on which he was partially supported by the Conservative Party, sparking the Mateusian Crisis, as the event came to be known. To prevent the possible, if not iminent, dissolution of the nation, the Conclave, aligned with the Tribune of Truth and supported by the Royal Army, ruled for the King's immediate deposition, depriving him of citizenship and sentencing him to banishment, on 27 September 2019. Most of his supporters also lost their citizenship. This event ended the five-years reign of the House of Beato over Ebenthal and launched the country into a interregnum. A provisional government was installed and a regency was established under Lord Raphael Sousa, 1st Duke of Aureanburgh, as the government sought for a new monarch with some micronational political experience. The Ebenthali throne was firstly offered to Bryan Prudente, the former President of Rubrayev, and later to Sultan Omar V of Harram, but both declined the offer. The Regent then offered the throne to the King of Roschfallen, who had ruled over most of the then present Ebenthaler lands before the micronation's independence. Disenchanted with Roschfallen, the King abdicated that country's throne and accepted the step into the Ebenthali one, becoming King Arthur II of Ebenthal.[18]

Assuming the throne in 29 December 2019, Arthur II reshaped the nation to his image. He changed the country's symbols, adopting more Germanic features further connecting the micronation to its geographic origins, nonetheless keeping the Cross of Saint James.[14] He appointed the former Regent as his first Prime Minister and the Duke of Nëbensee as his first Lord Speaker, holding in place or elevating people of prominence in the Ebenthaler politics that preceded his rise throne. The new King had his family lands, which had been part of Roschfallen, annexed to Ebenthal according to the Nomadic Micronation Theory's precepts. Since his rising to the throne, his political connections made possible fot Ebenthal to achieve broader aspects in terms of power and diplomacy.[19][20][21] New classification patterns were adopted and a new government database was created. In 23 March 2020 Ebenthal became a founding member of the Brazilian sector, adhering the joint political effort of the Treaty of Persenburg[22] and the Protocol of Goetha,[23] developed by Oscar I, Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia, among others, to create a secessionist (a.k.a. derivative) micronationalist sector in Brazil as opposed to the largely simulationist Lusophone sector. To further advance the secessionist efforts, in April 2020 the country became a founding member of the Conference of Santiago,[2] an intermicronational political union which became the continent's most prominent intermicronational organization, sparking the Santiago-Mansean Conflict. On 16 July 2020, the country joined the Konmalehth only to see it dissolved in two days.

Contemporary era

Propaganda piece about the return of Henri Sãens to premiership and the rise of the Swedish Party, formerly called Nordic Party. Henri's political activity and the participation of Swedes in the political process are two major hallmarks of Ebenthal's contemporary period.[24]
Reflecting Ebenthal's growing prestige, the Almanac of Vetrolin dedicated a page to the Ebenthali Royal Family, whose Arms includs the lesser arms of Ebenthal.

In 8 March 2021, Ebenthal went through a legislative reform which abolished the unicameral parliament, which had changed name to College of Peers of the Realm, establishing a new bicameral one, the Konkrëse, and abolished the aristocratic exclusiveness, allowing commoners to engage in the national politics. Since then, the country has gradually become a democratic state and it has been considered a hybrid regime, with an increasingly solid representative democracy at the expense of aristocratic power, although the monarchy continues to be very centralizing. At the same time, the Ebenthaler state abolished its armed forces, instituting in their place a non-standing reserve force. Seeking to reform and reinforce the national micronational economic development, the Ministry of Commerce developed the Kupferplan, creating a new currency for domestic use, the Kupfermark,[25] stabilizing the domestic market that had been negatively affected by the ballast sharing policy. Ebenthal's financial policy drew considerable intermicronational attention, and after the formal adoption of the Kupfermark, the government announced its intention to launch an organization focused on economic development, supported by the Saint-Castin government, called Micronational Trade Organization. Growing intermicronational prestige allowed Ebenthal also join the International Aerospace Community and to be invited to become a member state of the Cupertino Alliance, to which the government ultimatelly declined.

In 19 November 2021, the first government headed by a commoner, approved the Federative Act, abolishing half of the sub-national monarchies, converting those principalities into provinces and renaming them.[26] Later, on 5 February 2022, when the government decided to abolish the remaining principalities through the Unitary Act, effectively ending the federation and turning the country into a unitary state,[27] this generated a profound constitutional crisis between the Central Government and the governments of the former principalities of Schwarzberg and New Switzerland, which threatened to secede. To deal with the situation, Prime Minister Henri Sãens had to make concessions, allowing members of deposed princely families to retain their princely titles and temporarily remain in power until the next elections for Presidents of the Province. These measures, however, failed to please the Neo-Swiss government which decided not to recognize the validity of the Unitary Act, refusing to acknowledge the deposition of its reigning prince, Antônio I. In order to preserve national unity and try to end the crisis, King Arthur II intervened directly in the matter, using his royal prerogative to restore the Neo-Swiss monarchy ten days after its de jure abolition by the government.

Nevertheless, despite facing some mishaps, the Ebenthaler government under Henri Sãens was quite successful in its objectives, coinciding with the election of King Arthur II as Secretary-General of the Conference of Santiago, ushering Ebenthal to what some observers identified as being the country's golden age. On 19 April 2022 Ebenthal became embroiled in yet another episode of the series of diplomatic conflicts that extends from 2020 that the government dubbed the Microlusophone Cold War, coordinating a diplomatic campaign against the Kingdom of Manso in retaliation for the smear campaign against the member states of and the Conference of Santiago itself carried out by the government of that country.[28] In 10 August 2022 the Government of Ebenthal ratified with the governments of Karnia-Ruthenia and Quinta Velha, the Pact of Malmünd, formalizing a defensive alliance. In early 2023, non-Brazilians, for the first time, successfully entered national politics, with the ascension of Rupert Ruschel, 1st Baron of Sommerlath as Prime Minister and the creation of the Swedish Party. The creation of the party, however, led Ruschel to resign his position, allowing Henri's return to the premiership. On 17 September 2023 his government signed an annexation treaty with Harram, which became a special administrative region of Ebenthal. Subsequently, talks continued for the creation of a condominium enclaved in Argentina to be ruled along with the Karno-Ruthenian and Quintavelhense governments.

Geography

Mantiqueira moutain range, where Lüttenhausen and New Switzerland are located, in the central region of Ebenthal.
Seasonal tropical moist forests are dominant in both the southern and northern regions of Ebenthal.

Ebenthal's core lands are located on the far eastern part of South America's Atlantic coast, facing south, at the Mantiqueira and Mar mountain range, enclaved with the Brazilian municipalities of Rio de Janeiro, Nova Friburgo, Saquarema, Magé, Itatiaia, Belo Horizonte, Santa Luzia and Juiz de Fora, close to the Tropic of Capricorn, where the shoreline is oriented east–west. It share land borders with Brazil, which surrounds all enclaves but the capital Malmünd and the municipality of Amsee, which also borders the Atlantic ocean. It also encompasses several fluvial islets, such as Mombassa Rocks, Unseredame Rocks and Stinkender Island. Ebenthal also has a condominium surrounded by the Argentine municipality of Rawson. The country's size, relief, climate, and natural resources makes of it geographically simple. Its flora is dominated by Atlantic Forests that is divided between rupestrian grasslands in high altitudes of subtropical climate, and seasonal tropical moist forests, at sea level.

With a total area of 10.1 square kilometres (3.9 square miles), Ebenthal spans only one time zone, the UTC−3, and the summer time zone UTC−2. Ebenthaler topography is diverse and includes hills, mountains, plains, highlands, and scrublands. Much of the terrain lies between 600 metres and 900 metres. The northern and central region of the country is rugged, encompassing two mountain ranges with heights reaching over 2000 metres, while its southern region is coastal. Ebenthal is supplied by two rivers, the Jaguar River and the Cat River, both tributaries of the Old Crone River, which in Ebenthal is called Altendamenach River, and is bathed by an immense lagoon of salt water and by the sea in Amsee.

Climate

The municipality of Lüttenhausen is the area with the most extreme climate in the country, with summers reaching 40ºC and winters with frost and, more rarely, snow.

The climate of Ebenthal experiences a variety of weather conditions across a scattered area and varied topography, but most of the country is subtropical climate, while the southern region has a tropical savanna climate. According to the Köppen system, Ebenthal hosts three major climatic subtypes: tropical, oceanic and subtropical. The different climatic conditions produce environments ranging from tropical rainforests in the southern and central regions, subtropical vegetation, including temperate coniferous forests in the central and northern regions. Many regions have starkly different microclimates.

The country experiences hot, humid summers, and mild, wet winters. In inland areas of the capital city of Malmünd, temperatures above 40 °C (104 °F) are common during the summer, though rarely for long periods, while maximum temperatures above 27 °C (81 °F) can occur monthly. On the other hand, towns such as Erzfelsen have a much more temperate climate with an average of 28 °C in summer and close to 0 °C during winter. Along the coast, the breeze, blowing onshore and offshore, moderates the temperature. Because of its geographic situation, the country is often reached by cold fronts advancing from Antarctica, especially during autumn and winter, causing frequent weather changes. In summer there can be strong rains, which have on some occasions provoked catastrophic floods and landslides. The mountainous areas register greater rainfall since they constitute a barrier to the humid wind that comes from the Atlantic. Snow has occurred in the central region (Schwarzberg), although it is rare. Frost occurs normally during winters in both central and northern regions.

Biodiversity and environment

Puma sighted near Malmünd.

The small territory of Ebenthal is comprised of only one ecosystem, which is the Atlantic Forest that covers the middle coast of South America, penetrating little into inland. In the central region of the country, Araucaria pine forests grows under temperate conditions, while in the southern region the presence of coconut and almond trees is common under hot tropical climate. The wildlife is percentage and relatively large for such a small country due to the great biodiversity of the ecosystem and the rural properties, so close to nature, that dot the country's landscape. However, the most common animal species in Ebenthal is the domestic cat, including stray and feral cats that inhabit the national territory.

Although none of these animals are confirmed to inhabit the national territory, sightings of large carnivorous mammals such as pumas, jaguars and maned wolves, and herbivores such as anteaters, sloths, oppossums, armadillos and several monkey species. Despite being washed by rivers, there is little animal life in them due to currents and proximity to civilization. Concern for the environment has grown in response to global interest in environmental issues which led to the creation of the Ministry of the Environment. Ebenthal has probably the most stringent legislation in the world regarding crimes against the environment, punishing crimes such as deforestation, trafficking in endangered species and deliberate water pollution with death by dissolution in acid. The country also actively combats air and soil pollution through awareness campaigns and punitive measures.

Government and politics

Façade of the Bubbington Palace, in Malmünd, the official residente of the King of Ebenthal and the Prince Consort.

The Kingdom of Ebenthal is a centralized unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy[29]. The Monarch, titled King of Ebenthal, is constitutionally defined as head of state and co-head of government, and his position is hereditary. The Monarch formally appoints the Prime Minister as co-head of government and de facto executive head of the nation. The Prime Minister, in turn, appoints the Ministers of State, and their position depends on the confidence of parliament. Legislative power is exercised by the Konkrëse, the national bicameral legislature, formed by the elected House of Councillors and the appointed House of Aristocrats. Judicial authorities exercise jurisdictional duties almost exclusively through the Adjudicating Tribunal, the country's sole court of justice. Ebenthal is a significant micronation according to Dresner's Categoric-Gradial System of Classification.

The Ebenthaler state is constitutionally indissoluble and rests on the common unity and autonomy of the provinces, special administrative regions and the capital.[29] The national unity is set on five fundamental principles: sovereignty, citizenship, autonomy, welfare and political pluralism. The classic tripartite branches of government (executive, legislative and judicial under a checks and balances system) are formally established by the Constitution. The executive is organized independently in all three spheres of government, while the judiciary and the legislative are organized only at the national sphere.

Ebenthaler politics works in the framework of a multi-party system with proportional representation. Members of the parliamentary upper house, the House of Aristocrats, are appointed by the monarch, while members of the lower house, the House of Commons, are elected by universal suffrage. Adjudicators, that is, members of the Adjudicant Tribunal, are appointed by the Monarch after an interview and with parliamentary approval. Formerly an aristocratic state, Ebenthal its first election on 8 March 2021. Currently there are three active political parties; they are the New Democrats, the National Party and the Republican Party.

Law

Ebenthalian law is heavily inspired by the Napoleonic Code.

The law in Ebenthal is based on the Napoleonic-adapted Roman traditions and a hybrid legal system between customary law and civil law, in which civil law concepts prevail except in cases in which customary law is applicable in accordance with the interpretation of judicial authorities. Most of the Ebenthalian law is codified, although non-codified statutes also represent a substantial part, playing a complementary role. Court decisions set out interpretive guidelines; however, they are seldom binding on other specific cases. Doctrinal works and the works of academic jurists have strong influence in law creation and law cases.

The Adjudicating Tribunal is the country's only court, serving constitutional, criminal and civil functions as the first and only instance in all judicial cases, following the disestablishment of the Tribune of Truth. The legal system is based on the Constitution of Ebenthal, which was promulgated on 8 October 2015, and is the fundamental law of Ebenthal. All other legislation and court decisions must conform to its rules. The municipalities and other administrative divisions are allowed have their own basic laws, which must not contradict the national constitution, as well as "organic laws", which function in a similar way to constitutions. Legislative entities are the main source of statutes, although in certain matters both judiciary and executive bodies may enact legal norms. Jurisdiction is administered by the judiciary entity, although in rare situations the Constitution allows the parliament to pass on legal judgments.

Military

In the absence of its own police and firefighters, the Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State and the Military Firefighters Corps of Rio de Janeiro are primarily responsible for the internal security of most of the Ebenthaler territory.

The Royal Cybernautics is Ebenthal's only armed force. It is a volunteer military reserve force focused on cyberwarfare made up of civilians who perform active duty only when requested. Previously, from its founding until 2021, the country was served by a nominal armed forces divided into army, navy, air force and an ancillary gendarmerie. With the abolition of the standing military, Ebenthal began to be served by the Royal Reserve[30], a non-standing summonable force, until 2024, when it was replaced by the Royal Cybernautics.

Historically the military played a key role in maintaining state stability, such as acting in defense of the legal government during the Ebenthaler civil war and during the Mateusian crisis and averting potential coups d'état. Between 2016 and 2021, the Ebenthaler forces worked together with the private security companies Campseg and Segminas, which were responsible for the external defense of the rural area of Ebenthal.[a] Consistently, Ebenthal's former and present military forces serve primarily nominally, with the country experiencing little to no truly military action with the exception of rare mild cyberattacks against the national information systems. It was recognizing its main field of military activity within the cyberspace that the Royal Cybernautics was created to replace the Royal Reserve. The Royal Cybernautics has access to various offensive and defensive cyberwarfare resources.

Aside of the national forces, the municipalities and special administrative regions of Ebenthal have autonomy regarding their organization for defense; however, no administrative division has ever created its own paramilitary force. Acknowledging its limitations as well as diplomatic and geographical position in relation to Brazil, Ebenthal is served by the Brazilian state polices, as well as by the Brazilian Military Firefighters Corps, which are the main law enforcement institutions acting within the country.

Administrative divisions

Ebenthal is an unitary state composed of eight municipalities, two special autonomous regions,[29] and one condominium. The municipalities are governed through a assembly-independent executive-led devolved government headed by a Chief Executive appointed by the Sovereign according to each municipality's party representations in the House of Councillors. The special autonomous regions enjoy of greater autonomy than the municipalities and they are, therefore, free to decide their forms of government. Currently, the two existing autonomous regions are organized as hereditary absolute monarchies. The condominium, Süden-Süden, is administered by the central government jointly with the governments of Karnia-Ruthenia and Quinta Velha through an executive council. The entire territory of Ebenthal is made up of private properties of individuals who have agreed to cede sovereignty over their possessions to the Ebenthaler state through a sovereignty cession contract, following the precepts of Nomadic Micronation Theory. Some of these contracts provide that private properties remain under Ebenthal's sovereignty as long as their owners remain citizens of the country, while others provide for the granting of sovereignty in perpetuity - which does not necessarily guarantee factual control over the territory, but makes it legally, under the micronational perspective, an integral part of the country. It is estimated that three quarters of the national territory is made up of properties belonging to King Arthur II's paternal and maternal relatives, while the rest is in the possession of aristocratic families.

Flag Arms Region Code Population Area (m2) Official language(s) Government Leader
Municipalities
Malmūnd MM 36 2.5 Portuguese, English Assembly-independent executive-led devolved administration Chief Executive
Armando van der Bruyn
Erzfelsen EZ 32 0.8 Portuguese Assembly-independent executive-led devolved administration Chief Executive
Pedro Carvalho
Amsee AM 5 0.5 Portuguese Assembly-independent executive-led devolved administration Chief Executive
Felipe Saint
Grünhufe GH 6 0.2 Portuguese Assembly-independent executive-led devolved administration Chief Executive
Hugo Toledo
Lüttenhausen LT 4 0.4 Portuguese Assembly-independent executive-led devolved administration Chief Executive
Fernando Toledo
Sanktstaat SN 18 1 Portuguese Assembly-independent executive-led devolved administration Chief Executive
Henri Sãens
Aufenbauer AF 11 3 Portuguese, Spanish Assembly-independent executive-led devolved administration Chief Executive
Rafael M. de Oliveira
Guterfolg GU 2 0.06 Portuguese Assembly-independent executive-led devolved administration Chief Executive
Francisca Monteiro
Special autonomous region
New Switzerland NS 16 0.8 Hunsrik Devolved hereditary absolute monarchy Prince
Antônio I
Harram HA 7 0.2 Portuguese, Arabic Devolved hereditary absolute monarchy Prince
Hassan III
Condominium
Süden-Süden SU 7 0.9 Spanish Partially-devolved administration under tripartite condominium rule Ebenthaler Commissioner
TBD

Foreign policy

Generated impression of an Ebenthaler passport.

Ebenthal's foreign policy is a by-product of the country's position as a great power within the Brazilian sector, a micronational regional power in South and Latin America and a small to middle power within the global intermicronational community. The country follows a strict policy and resolution and strongly opposes simulationism, geofiction and all kinds of fictitious claims through its adherence to the Treaty of Persenburg and later to the Wrythe Convention.

Its international relations are mainly based on the principles of multilateralism and international cooperation, with the country regularly seeking to act in concert with its main allies in the Pact of Malmünd and member states of the Conference of Santiago. Even though Ebenthal adheres to peaceful settlement of conflicts, the country does not relinquish its rights to belligerence if diplomacy prove futile. Ebenthal is a founding member of the aforementioned Conference of Santiago (CS), which grew to be one of Americas' most prominents intermicronational organizations, with the country's monarch having served as the organisation's third Secretary-General. Ebenthal is also member state of the International Aerospace Community and the Micronational Trade Organization, and it was the very last member to join the once prominent Konmalehth.

However, due to Ebenthal's rise to prominence concomitantly with the schism that led to the creation of secessionist-Brazilian sector, Ebenthal has tacitly adopted a rather interventionist policy within that sector, specially when it comes to the micronations created through or aided by the CS Campaign of Incentive to Secessionist Micronationalism. In many cases, successive Ebenthal governments have lent agents to foreign governments, turning them into satellite or client states. Ebenthal's foreign relations are dealth with by the Ministry of External Relations, however according to the constitution, the King has ultimate authority over foreign policy and is tasked with reviewing and considering all diplomatic nominations and international treaties, as well as legislation relating to Ebenthaler foreign policy.[31]

Economy

Landscape of downtown (old city) of Rio de Janeiro, where most Ebenthali business is done.

Ebenthal has a micronationally advanced emerging economy. The country's official currency is the Kupfermark, which is the domestic currency and legal tender, used daily by the government and official institutions. Its value is backed by the value of copper through a fixed exchange rate (see copper standard). However, the Brazilian Real is used in day-to-day commercial relations between the Ebenthalers and in external commercial relations, functioning de facto as a complementary currency. Historically, from 2020 to 2022 Ebenthal officially used the Conferential Doubloon as its official currency, and has since used the currency as part of its monetary reserve.[29][32]

The Bank of Ebenthal, acting as the country's central bank, is responsible for setting the country's monetary policy in conjunction with the Ministry of Economy. The bank also has the monopoly on the issuance of banknotes, and storing the national treasure, including financial reserves. It controls an agency, the Royal Treasury, which is a government agency primarily responsible for the country's financial reserves. The bank subject to the Ministry of Commerce, which defines the economic policy and manages the macroeconomic aspects of the country. Ebenthal's economic policy is often seen as interventionist when it comes to the domestic micronational market and is often regarded as a State capitalism, for relying in private investors.

Ebenthal has a mixed economy and a emerging internal market. Unable to enforce tax collection, the country's main source of income is through private investments in state affairs. Those investments comes from the Ebenthaler-owned businesses. The services sector is the main income provider for resident Ebenthalians, accounting for 66% of national economic output. Whosale, Retail, banking and information are the main services provided. Next, the export of raw materials related to farming are the second largest layer of the Ebenthaler economy. Major exports include meat, wood and grains. The country's revenue is mainly channeled to public administration with little bureaucracy. Total expenditures total roughly 𝒦ℳ250,000 annually.[33]

Infrastructure

Science and technology

Details of the Rochesburg Observatory telescope.

Scientific research in Ebenthal is carried out independently, as well as by the state through official institutions under the care of the Ministry of Sciences. The country's most esteemed scientific institution is the Ebenthal and Territories National Lunar and Aerospace Program, responsible for the Ebenthaler space program, which consists of the study of cosmology and astrobiology. Owner of relative technological sophistication, if few, Ebenthal has two observatories equipped with three high-quality telescopes. The country has already carried out two observation and trajectory calculation missions, and has been involved in the development of automation. Furthermore, at least 1/5 of the energy consumed in the country comes from 52 solar panels formally managed by the Royal Light Company in Erzfelsen and Aufenbauer.

Besides the Space Research Institute, the Royal Academy, which is Ebenthal's only educational institution, is also active in scientific research and occasionally offers courses in history, geography, English, Portuguese and cosmology. Since 2021, the government has been collecting data on the technological accessibility of the resident population. According to 2023 data, the entire population of Ebenthal has access to internet and at least one smartphone, as well as access to 4G to 5G telephone signals.

Transport

The Dona Maria Road, in Malmünd (house on the left). Most of Ebenthal's paved roads are cobblestone and connect the country to Brazil.

Ebenthaler roads are the primary carriers of freight and passenger traffic. Circa 40% of the streets, roads and paths in Ebenthal are paved with cobblestone, 50% are dirt roads and paths and only is 10% paved with asphalt. Many roads are accompanied by wood fences. The first investments in road infrastructure took place long before the country's independence. Most Ebenthaler roads connect its towns to the neighbouring Brazil. Due to the country's high level of urbanization, Ebenthal's fleet is mostly made up of passenger cars imported from Brazil, with the Italian Fiat dominating the automotive market (40% of cars sold to resident Ebenthalers in 2020). Over 70% of the country's car fleet is powered by compressed natural gas, as opposed to gasoline or diesel, contributing to national anti-carbon policy and in protest against the value of fossil fuels provided by the Brazilian company Petrobras, considered abusive.

Due to typical micronational limitations involving financial and geographic resources, Ebenthal does not have an airport, naval port or railways. However, the town of Amsee has a small river port for small boats. The country's small river transportation network connects Nëbensee to the Brazilian Rio de Janeiro state's town of Saquarema. On spite of not operating its own railway, Ebenthal's capital of Malmünd borders and its population is served by two stations of the surrounding Rio de Janeiro's metropolitan train system, whilst Erzfelsen a Belo Horizonte metro station, transporting the population between the municipalities of the two countries.

Education

The Federal Univerity of Rio de Janeiro, the most frequented college by the Ebenthalis.

The Constitution of Ebenthal sets that education is a universal and inalienable right of every citizen. National educational policy is officially in charge of the Ministry of Culture and Education, which is also responsible for managing the administration of Royal Academy, the only educational institution in the country. In addition, the central government leaves the educational initiative to the autonomy of each of the provinces, in accordance with the Law of Guidelines and Bases of National Education. Due to the aforementioned typical limitations of a micronational state, Ebenthal is not able to fund a public education system, and therefore it encourages its citizens, all holders of dual citizenship, to seek out the educational systems of other countries in which they hold citizenship, in order to have a complete education.

Most resident Ebenthalers aged 18 to 30 frequent colleges mainly in Brazil, among which the most frequented is the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, ranked 7th the best university in Latin America, according to QS World University Rankings. According to the Ministry of Culture and Education, in 2018 the literacy rate of the population was 100.0%, erradicating illiteracy in the micronation, making it the first country in the Americas to have reportedly completelly erradicate illiteracy, albeit unrecognized by any UN-member country. Ebenthalian educational policy universally recognizes the validity of undergraduate degrees. Attending an institution of higher education is required by Law of Guidelines and Bases of Education to be eligible to become a public servant. Kindergarten, elementary and high educations are mandatory, provided the student does not hold any disability, whether physical, mental, visual or hearing.

Health

The Copa Star Hospital in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, one of the most frequented by the people of Malmünd.

According to the constitution, free access to health and medical treatment is a basic and universal right. Unable to provide for a proper public health system, the state and government advises its citizens, all holders of dual citizenship, to seek out and take advantage of health systems of the countries in which they have citizenship. Since late 2014 the Royal Health Accord, a state-funded institution, has provided citizens with additional assistance to that which they receive from the public or private health systems they use. The government actively encourages the contracting of private healthcare, which plays a major role in Ebenthalian society. As of 2022, it is estimated that c.72% have some type of health insurance.

Despite the progress the resident population has been experiencing, there are still several problems which primarily leads most of the population to seek private health. The greatest cause of death in Ebenthal is due to heart diseases, often worsened by conditions such as diabetes and high cholesterol. The number of deaths from non-communicable diseases, such as respiratory diseases and cancer, also has a considerable impact on the health of the Ebenthalian population. Homeopathy plays a significant role in the treatment of mild diseases, even though government officials and scientific institutions actively denounce the practice as placebo and potentially harmful if it replaces allopathic treatment. Nevertheless, central figures at the Health Accord reported benefits of homeopathic treatment not necessarily related to the functioning of the homeopathics.

In 2020, amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, the Ebenthaler government enacted a law which obliges all resident citizens to be vaccinated as soon as any vaccines that have been approved by Brazilian Health Regulatory Agency are made available to them, under penalty of suspension of political rights, loss of nationality and even imprisonment (automatically commuted to banishment).[34]

Media and communication

The Altenburg Express front cover at Ebenthal's official website.

The Ebenthaler press was officially born in 11 August 2014 with the creation of a newspaper-like email news channel who functioned for only three month, giving place to the Royal Press, a state news blog on Ebenthal's official forum, which was the only formal channel of news communication until its extinction at the Ebenthaler civil war, when the journalistic archives were deleted along with much of Ebenthal's database, including the entire Ebenthaler forum. Between 2017 and 2020 Ebenthal had no active media. However, it kept the standard means of communication between government members and internationally, such as official e-mail. The website never fully recovered from attacks suffered during the Civil War and was shut down in early 2019 after a period of virtually inactive months.

Ebenthal's media and communication sector was restructured only after the 2020 reforms, with the creation of a new website, including a news blog, social media pages advertising, a Discord group and a WhatsApp group for direct government-to-government communication. and citizens. In 2022, with the media rebranding, Ebenthal opened his first proper newspaper, The Altenburg Express, available on the government's official website and, it is intended, on its own domain. The newspaper is also published on social media and communication channels in the country.

Demographics

Citizens
YearPop.±%
2014 11—    
2015 18+63.6%
2016 40+122.2%
2017 52+30.0%
2018 39−25.0%
2019 97+148.7%
2020 169[35]+74.2%
2021 189+11.8%
2022 206+9.0%
2023 233+13.1%
Information taken from every year

The Ministry of the Interior's Secretary of Registry accounts for 233 citizens, of which 131 reside in the national territory (condominium included)[29] and 83 are active in exercising their citizenship to different degrees, as of 2023.[36] The ration of men to women is that o 6:10, and approximately 90% of the entire population is defined as urban. The resident population is heavily concentrated in the Highlands, followed by the Riviera and the Northern Hills geographic regions.

The country's first census was carried out in 2015 and recorded a population of 18 citizens. From then to 2020 the number of citizens multiplied over ten times with the citizenship laws embracing Ebenthal residents as citizens, provided that they are registered with full consent. The immigration Brazilians, German-Brazilians[16] and Portuguese also contributed to demographic growth. Upon the accession of Arthur van der Bruyn to the throne of Ebenthal in late 2019, an exodus of citizens from Roschfallen followed their former monarch, becoming citizens of Ebenthal and joining the country's politics. Territorial expansion including new properties and lands belonging to the extended family of King Arthur II contributed significantly to rapid demographic growth in the early period of his reign. The intermicronational prestige achieved by Ebenthal since 2020 also attracted the attention of several micronationalists, civil and official, who applied for citizenship in the country. As the annual population growth rate has been positive and constant, life expectancy rose from 78 to 81 years and 83 years in 2021.

As of 2022, the government adopted less stringent measures for the application for citizenship, but strengthened the process of filtering potential citizens, severely reducing the rate of population growth. Fluency in at least one of the country's two official languages is now a requiremente for citizenship. The government has also adopted new methods of recording, documenting, and giving citizens more access rights to their documentation, including physically (although most of Ebenthal's pertinent documentation is held virtually).

Race and ethnicity

Typical Ebenthaler people, including many members of the House of Bruyn.[37]

According to the 2023 Census by the Ministry of the Interior, 71.9% of the resident and non-resident Ebnthalers identify as white, 19.6% identify as mixed race (mostly Mulattos), 4.6% identify as Black, 2.8% identify as East Asian and 0.9% identify as Bengali.[36] According to the official interpretation of the Registrar's Office, Arabs and Jews are generally included as whites due to their sharing of the now-obsolete taxonomy of caucasians. Similarly, people of origin in countries such as Japan, China, the Koreas, Bhutan, Mongolia and Taiwan are generalized as East Asians. Nevertheless, the census considers racial classifications according to phenotypes and self-declaration together. Thus, although many citizens, especially those of Latin American origin, may consider themselves white, due to the history of miscegenation linked to the colonization of the Americas, it is likely that they have Amerindians and African ancestors.

Ebenthaler society is divided mainly between resident and non-resident citizens, rather than the typical racial or social division with regard to class. Another common division in Ebenthal is between citizens of Brazilian origin and those of foreign origin. This is because resident citizens, for the most part, do not exercise their citizenship, and Brazilian citizens historically exercise their citizenship much more than foreigners. In this way, and also considering the little coexistence between all citizens, due to both the territorial division of the country and its micronational geographic limitation, there are very rare cases of racism, whereas social disparity, and thus prejudice, arising from the different population origins, are much more common.

From the 19th century, the present Ebenthaler territory has been receiving a steady, albeit declining, influx of immigratns. Hundreds of people from over ten countries immigrated to what would become Ebenthal between 1808 and 2016, most of them Portuguese, German, Swiss, Roschfallenian, Argentinian and Brazilians.

Religion

Sideview of the Basilica of the Immaculate Heart of Mary near Malmünd and frequently attended by the Royal Family.

Ebenthal is religiously diverse, encompassing a wide range of beliefs and customs. The kingdom has no official religion, and the government is officially committed to religious secularism, although the monarchical institution does sustain a series of Christian practices and features. Freedom of religion in Ebenthal is a constitutionally protected right, allowing individuals to assemble and worship without limitation or interference. The practice of religion is now fully considered a private matter throughout society and the state. The majority of Ebenthalers though did consider religion to be important in their daily lives. According to the 2022 census, 51.4% of Ebenthalers identify as Catholics Christians. Much of the remainder is made up of Spiritists, who accounted for 24.2% of the population, divided, wrongly, but on purpose, notwithstanding, into three sub-groups: Umbandists, Kardecists and Candomblecists (although this is a misclassification). Due to the increase in the non-resident population of Germanic origin (i.e. Americans, Scandinavians, White Oceanians and Germans), there has been an increase in the previously barely significant Protestant population, accounting now for 12.1%. In contrast, the population that declared itself to have no religious affiliation or to be either atheists or agnostics fell from 14.8% in 2020 to 8.2% in 2022. The remaining are affiliated with non-Christian religions, the largest of which are Buddhism (1.9%) and Hinduism (1.4%).[36]

After King Arthur II ascended to the throne, he was able to pass a law in the parliament forbidding three Protestant groups to act in national territory, namely the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God, the World Church of God's Power and the Assemblies of God linked to the Brazilian pastors Silas Malafaia, Marco Feliciano and Everaldo Pereira. Several evangelical and pentecostal neo-charismatic features such as their staunch opposition to LGBT rights were interpreted as contradicting some constitutional guarantees and criminal laws, which the government used as justification for their action against these Protestant groups. Little internal criticism arose on the matter, given the tiny Protestant population, even smaller represented in politics, although it did weaken the micronation's relations with a few other micronations ruled by evangelicals, especially in South America.

Language

Interior of the Royal National Library in Bubbington Palace, Malmünd.

According to the Constitution of Ebenthal 2015, amended for this purpose in October 2020, the two official languages of Ebenthal are Portuguese and English, Portuguese playing the role of national language, spoken natively by 78.1% of the population (as of 2022),[36] while English, speoken as a native language by 6.7% of the population, is the working language, used in administration, business, propaganda and also playing the role of lingua franca. Other languages are spoken by the country's citizens and some have limited recognition by the state. In two provinces, respectively, Portuguese is a co-official language with other major languages such as German, spoken natively by 8.7% of the population and officially characterized by its dialect of Brazilian origin, Hunsrik (although Standart German is equally accepted),[16] and Rioplatense Spanish, often called Castillian, which is the language of 5.8% of the population. Through organic law passed in July 2022 Swedish was recognized as minority language for being the native language of 3% of the Ebenthalis, although it is not spoken in of Ebenthal territory.

In 2017 the parliament approved the use of the Brazilian Sign Language, commonly known by its Portuguese acronym LIBRAS, as official language to deaf people. In 2022, with the exponential increase in the population of non-Brazilian origin and recognizing the fact that 1/4 of the Ebenthaler do not speak Portuguese, the Ministry of Culture and Education the use of all sign languages must be recognized by public institutions in the country. The law mandates the use of the Sign Languages in education and government services when needed. The language should be taught as a part of the curriculum and language and language pathology curriculum. Sign Language teachers, instructors and translators are recognized professionals. Schools and health services should provide access ("inclusion") to deaf people.

Brazilian Portuguese, the national and majority language spoken in Ebenthal, has had its own development, mostly similar to 16th-century Central and Southern dialects of European Portuguese (despite a very substantial number of Portuguese colonial settlers, and more recent immigrants, coming from Central Europe).

Culture

Ebenthal's culture was inspired by the German-Brazilian culture of Nova Friburgo, the Brazilian municipality in which the micronation was born.
The modern architecture is the main architectural style present in Ebenthal as seen in Erzfelsen, where all buildings follow this architectural style.

The core culture of Ebenthal is derived from the crossing of Brazilian culture, which is a by-product of Portuguese culture strongly influenced by African, indigenous and non-Portuguese European cultures and traditions, with German culture. Among other influences, the Portuguese introduced the Portuguese language, which is the national language, Roman Catholicism, the country's predominant religion, and neoclassical architecture styles. Aspects of German culture, introduced through the Hunsrik-speaking Brazilian Germans,[16] predominate in the national symbology, in the political structure and in the names of localities and administrative entities such as provinces and municipalities, while the Portuguese-Brazilian culture predominates in the social environment, in the customs and traditions, in the cuisine. Other cultures that influenced the cultural development of Ebenthal include the British culture and the Ottoman culture.

Ebenthaler art has developed since before the micronation's independence into in different areas and styles, the main ones being virtual arts (such as pixel art) and fantasy literature. The country is devoid of cinematographic history, but nevertheless, it has developed a particular complex audio-visual culture.

Architecture

The architecture of Ebenthal is influenced by Europe, especially by Portugal and Germany. It has a history that goes back 500 years to the time when Pedro Álvares Cabral discovered Brazil in 1500. Until very recently, neoclassical architecture the predominant architetonic style in Ebenthal, an inheritance of the Portuguese settlers and the pro-European policy of the former Brazilian Empire, and it is the basis for all modern adaptation styles in the micronation. Other distinguisheable architectonics styles are the Gothic architecture, mainly in the central region at the provinces of New Switzerland and Schwarzberg. Modern architecture, which recently became the country's predominant architecture style according to studies, is on rise, specially in the form of adaptations to the classical styles (Retrofitting, mainly in the country's two largest cities and further specially in Erzfelsen, which lies enclaved within the Brazilian city of Belo Horizonte, a modern-looking late-19th century planned city. Despite having a strong aesthetic policy, neither the central nor the provincial governments have architectural regulations. A basic architecture course is offered at the Royal Academy.

Music

The Efeito Colateral is a heavy and thrash metal band from Rio de Janeiro and Malmünd, recording.

The main musical styles heard in Ebenthal (not counting non-resident citizens) are mostly of Brazilian, American and British origin, and include genres such as Rock n' Roll and Metal and its subgenres, Samba and Bossa Nova, Brazilian popular music and American and British pop. The 2022 study by the Royal Academy identified that the musical genres most listened to within the national territory are, in order, Brazilian rhythms such as Brazilian popular music, Samba and Bossa Nova together, forming 30.7%, Rock n' Roll and Metal with all its subgenres forming 29.5%, American and British Pop forming 18.9%, and other genres such as Classic Music, Jazz, Rythm and Blues, Eurodance and Electronica forming a total of 15%.[36]

Ebenthal's music industry is paltry, with only two bands having been officially formed in the country's history and, among them, the only one that followed a professional career is Efeito Collateral, which is a heavy and thrash metal band originally from from Malmünd.[38] The band has already toured the central region of Ebenthal, in New Switzerland and Schwarzberg, and the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro, in addition to an album has been officially released and their music has been made available on major music apps. Amateur music, however, is a major highlight of the country. According to the Royal Academy, 71.2% of Ebenthalis stated that music is somehow important in their lives, and 27.8% of the resident population is proficient in some type of musical instrument. The same survey also showed that as of 2020, 65% of the country's population uses some kind of music application for smartphones such as Spotify and YouTube Music.

Additionally, since 2019, Ebenthal has hosted a karaoke championship every year, and the State actively encourages the proliferation of amateur bands and artists through performances sponsored by the Ministry of Culture and Education.

Literature

Machado de Assis, considered the greatest Brazilian writter, is the most famous author among Ebenthalers.

Despite a low literary production, Ebenthali literature emerged in 2017, three years after the country's independence, with the publication of short story Ucronismos de Guerra by Lord Adriano Moreira, 1st Duke of Zentar, depicting a fictional story about the Ebenthaler civil war. Ebenthal produced few but significant works in romanticism, especially focused on novels uchronic about Brazil's imperial past and equally uchronic short stories recalling important facts of Ebenthali history. Fantasy is also a highly developed literary genre in Ebenthal, with stories inspired by RPG games. One of the main national artists of the fantastic genre is Guilherme, Prince Consort, who has authored more than 10 short stories set in a fantastic universe developed in collaboration with King Arthur II. Published authors include Jean Roberto, who has published and sold 500 copies of his book Survivors, a drama about a zombie apocalypse portrayed in Brazil, and Prince Mário S. of Ebenthal, author to three published book and several essays on Brazil's sociology and political history.[39]

Among the literary genres most appreciated by the Ebenthalers are romance, fantasy, thriller, realism, history and political literature. The author best known and read by the Ebenthalers is the Brazilian novelist and realist Machado de Assis. Among other popular authors are H.P. Lovecraft, Mary Shelley, Tymothy Zahn, J. R. R. Tolkien, Fyodor Dostoevsky, José Murilo de Carvalho, Sigmund Freud, Paulo Coelho and José Saramago.

In 2018 the Malmundian Royal Fair (formerly called Royal Fair of Arturia), a literary and social event organized by the House of Beato and the House of Bruyn, took place in the capital city of Malmünd (then called Arturia), where many citizens and foreigners (mainly Brazilians) came together to exchange and talk about several books of their preference. More than 30 people participated and the fair disposed of more than 100 books. Currently, Ebenthal is served by several particular libraries and three public, the Royal National Library, located at Bubbington Palace, the Baron of Roches Library located at the Rochesburg Palace, both in Malmünd, and the Belmontine Princely Library, in Minen. The government destinates 5% to 15% of its budget to cultural input annually, especially the acquisition of books.

Cuisine

The main typical dishes of Ebenthal are chocolate-derived and powdered milk sweets, inspired by Gororoba, a national sweet created by he who would become the future King Arthur II in 2002.

Ebenthaler cuisine varies greatly by region, reflecting the micronation's varying legacy of indigenous and immigrant populations. This has created a national cuisine marked by the preservation of regional differences. Examples are the Gororoba, a sweet ball made of chocolate and milk powder, considered the country's national dish; currywurst is the main regional dish in the enclaves of Nova Friburgo due to the German and Swiss colonization; Doce de leite and cheese bread are the regional dishes in the enclaves o Minas Gerais.

The national beverage is the chocolate milk and coffee. A typical meal consists mostly of rice and beans with beef, french fries and a fried egg. Popular snacks are pastel (a fried pastry); coxinha (a variation of chicken croquete). Ebenthal's cuisine is mainly centered in candies, specially made of chocolate, so the micronation dispose of many desserts such as brigadeiros (chocolate fudge balls), rocambole (roll cake) and romeu e julieta (cheese with goiabada).

Sports

The most popular sport in Ebenthal is football. The micronation created its football team in late 2018, but it has been dormant following two games. Volleyball, basketball, auto racing, and martial arts also attract large Ebenthaler audiences. According to a 2019 survey, around 10% of the micronation's population practice some type of martial arts, mainly karate, Jiu-Jitsu and Capoeira.

The micronation is also a powerhouse of Paralympic Games as it is home to the world record holder and multiple-times swim champion André Brasil, who is a 1st-cousin-once-removed and godfather to High King Arthur II and a Ebenthali national.

National holidays

Name Date Notes
New Year's Day 1 January The first day of the Gregorian year.
Peace Day 19 February Victory of the Ebenthaler government at the civil war
International Workers' Day 1 May Honors the contributions that workers have made to the country's well-being.
Abolition Day 13 May Celebrates the abolition of slavery in Brazil by Isabel, Princess Regent.
Independence Day 11 August Independence of Ebenthal from Roschfallen
International Missy Barrat Day 30 August Marked as a day dedicated to doing and ecouraging good deeds, associated with the fictional character Missy Barratt.
Salvation Day 27 September Deposition of King Mateus after he seized power and almost brought an end to the nation.
Children’s Day 12 October Honours children, promote mutual exchange, understanding among children as well as their welfare.
Teachers's Day 15 October Special day for the appreciation of teachers and their special contributions to the society.
Mother's Day 29 November Celebration honoring the mother of the family, as well as motherhood, maternal bonds, and the influence of mothers in society.
The chosen date was the death of Marilia IV, Princess of Marienbourg, King Arthur II's mother, in honor to her.
Magnanimous' Day 2 December Tribute to the birth of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil, a revered person in Ebenthal.
Christmas 25 December Traditional commemoration of the birth of Jesus and secular celebration of family bonds.
New Year's Eve 31 December The final day of the Gregorian year; Saint Sylvester's Day.

External links

Notes

  1. The SEGMINAS and CAMPSEG private security companies provided the security of Ebenthal's two farms which make up roughly 40% of the country's territory.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 NS Cache. Roschfallenian-Ebenthali relations Retrieved on 4 October 2020. Published on 2 April 2015.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Conferência de Santiago. Treaty of Santiago, 12 April 2020.
  3. Ministry of Information. Ebenthal joins the IAC. published in 1 July 2021.
  4. Ministry of Information. Ebenthal becomes the last applicant member to the Konmalehth. Published in 19 July 2020.
  5. Bragança, Carlos Tasso de Saxe-Coburgo e. 1959. Dom Pedro II na Alemanha (in Portuguese). 74-75. Senac, São Paulo. ISBN 2873864869
  6. Boxer, p. 98.
  7. Jeffrey C. Mosher (2008). Political Struggle, Ideology, and State Building: Pernambuco and the Construction of Brazil, 1817–1850. U of Nebraska Press. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-8032-3247-1. https://books.google.com/books?id=T_yszWOZUCkC&pg=PA9. 
  8. Lustosa, pp. 117–19
  9. Lustosa, pp. 150–153
  10. Vianna, p. 418
  11. NS Cache. Pre-Ebenthali territory. Retrieved on 5 October 2020. Published on 25 June 2017
  12. NS Cache. Roschfallenian Government: Posts and Officials. Retrieved on 5 October 2020. Published on 13 May 2014
  13. Libertian Archives. Retrieved 24 January 2020. Published on 14 March 2018.
  14. 14.0 14.1 Ministry of Information. "National Symbols Referendum". 2 May 2020. Retrieved 2 November 2020.
  15. The Theater of the Ebenthali Civil War. Retrieved on 7 December 2020. Published on 5 December 2018.
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 Ministry of Information. New Switzerland and the Katarinensisch. Published on 22 October 2017. Retrieved on 25 December 2020.
  17. MicroWiki 2020 in the MicroWiki community. Published on 7 December 2020. Retrieved on 23 December 2020.
  18. Arthur I of Roschfallen (6 June 2019). "Coup d'état in Roschfallen".
  19. Treaty of Belmonte. Treaty of mutual recognition and friendship between the Empire of Karnia-Ruthenia and the Kingdom of Ebenthal. Retrieved 24 January 2020. Published 15 January 2020.
  20. Government of the Lateran States (5 April 2020). "Renovatio e constructione: Lateran States recognizes the Kingdom of Ebenthal".
  21. Ministry of Information. "News Bulettin". 9 October 2020. Retrieved 2 November 2020.
  22. Conferência de Santiago. Treaty of Persenburg, given in Persenburg, 12 March 2020
  23. Conferência de Santiago. Goetha Protocol, 30 March 2020
  24. "PM founds Nordic Party, resigns office and shifts balance of power" (in Portuguese). The Altenburg Express. 13 April 2023.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
  25. The Altenburg Express. The Kupfermark: Ebenthal's new currency. Retrieved on 14 June 2022. Published on 1 February 2022.
  26. The Altenburg Express. Royal Decree No. 1-2022. Retrieved on 14 June 2022. Published on 28 February 2022.
  27. The Altenburg Express. Aditional Act No. 1-2022: The Unitary Reform. Retrieved on 14 June 2022. Published on 28 February 2022.
  28. The Altenburg Express. Disapproval Note. Retrieved on 14 June 2022. Published on 19 April 2022.
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 29.4 Ministry of Information. About Ebenthal. Retrieved on 5 October 2020. Published on 2 May 2020.
  30. Ministry of Information. New legislature, new government. Published on 28 March 2021. Retrieved on 26 April 2021.
  31. Ministry of Information. Ebenthal's Diplomacy. Retrieved on 5 October 2020. Published on 2 May 2020.
  32. Ministry of Information. Ebenthal adopts CS Doubloon as its new official currency. Retrieved on 7 December 2020. Published on 5 August 2020.
  33. Ministry of Information. The October Reform Act. Retrieved on 7 December 2020. Published on 7 November 2020.
  34. Ministry of Information. Ebenthal's regulations on the COVID-19 pandemic. Published on 4 January 2021. Retrieved on 16 January 2021.
  35. Ministry of the Information. Census 2020. Retrieved on 8 December 2020. Published on 8 December 2020.
  36. 36.0 36.1 36.2 36.3 36.4 Ministry of the Information. Census 2021. Retrieved on 8 July 2021. Published on 8 July 2021.
  37. The Clan Brum. Published on 8 December 2019. Retrieved on 1 January 2021.
  38. Efeito Colateral. Published on 2014. Retrieved on 30 December 2020.
  39. Fluminense Federal University. Cantareira by Mário Sérgio Brum. Published in 2001. Retrieved on 10 December 2020.