Kingdom of Ebenthal

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Kingdom of Ebenthal
Reino de Ebenthal  (Portuguese)
Motto: "Ubique Patriae Memor"
"Anywhere, I'll always have the fatherland in my memory"
Anthem: "Marcha Solene"
Location of Ebenthal in green.
Location of Ebenthal in green.
Capital
and largest city
Gillisburgh
Official languages
Recognized regional languages
Ethnic groups (2021)
Religion(2021)
DemonymEbenthali
GovernmentFederal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Arthur II
Henri Sãens
LegislatureKonkrëse
House of Aristocrats
House of Councillors
Formation
30 January 2014
11 August 2014
28 January 2015
8 October 2015
27 September 2019
29 December 2019
7 April 2020
Area
• Total
8.6 km2 (3.3 sq mi)
• Water (%)
3.9%
Population
• 2020 estimate
126 (inhabitants)
• Census
189 (citizens)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Δ275.600
• Per capita
Δ2,396
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Δ325.600
• Per capita
Δ2,831
HDI (2021) 0.873
very high · 36th
CurrencyCS Doubloon (Δ)a (CSD)
Time zoneBRT (UTC−3)
• Summer (DST)
BRST (UTC−2)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code+55
Patron saintSaint James of the Sword
Blessed Isabel of Brazil
MicrocodeEB
Internet TLD.eb
  1. Despite having the Doubloon as its official currency, most business in Ebenthal is done in Brazilian Real; the Doubloon is used for government business and mostly in intermicronational transactions between members of the Conference of Santiago.
  2. Official website

Ebenthal, officially the Kingdom of Ebenthal (Portuguese: Reino de Ebenthal), is an enclaved micronation located in South America, bordering Brazil, Roschfallen and Luna. At 8.6 square kilometers (3.3 square miles) and with over 150 people, the territory of Ebenthal is divided into enclaves within the Brazilian states of Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais, in eight cities. The capital and most populated city is Gillisburgh. Portuguese is the national and one of the country's two official languages along with English. German is recognized as a minority language and, along with Spanish, has co-official status in two different federative units. The Ebenthali territory comprises several buildings and lands including farms, a lake and a river. Ebenthal is a multicultural and ethnically diverse country as well the the country with the largest percentage of Spiritists in the world.

The vast majority of Ebenthal's modern-day territory was inhabited by numerous tribal nations before settlement by the Portuguese in the 16th century as part of their new colony of Brazil. Much of Ebenthal remained part of Portuguese Brazil until independence was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, which later became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup d'état. It was also in the 19th century that German immigrants settled up in the hills of Rio de Janeiro on what would become part of Ebenthal. In 2014, the micronation Roschfallen was created proclaiming its independence from Brazil. Due to conflicts during its establishment, a group of breakaway nobles proclaimed the independence of Roschfallen's northern lands and, along with their own, founded Ebenthal.[1] The Ebenthali Constitution was formulated based on its Roschfallenian project counterpart and the state was defined as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, divided into six principalities and one free city.

Ebenthal's economy's calculation is based on the country's pyrite stock, with the value of GDP reaching 275.600 doubloons, and the GDP per capita reaching the value of 2.396 doubloons. As far as 2020 Ebenthal has a stable economy, mainly based on services, basic industry and exports of agricultural goods and livestock. Ebenthal is a South American regional power among micronations and a great power within the Brazilian sector and can be considered from a small to middle power in some global intermicronational affairs. Ebenthal joined the Union Against Micronational War in 2015 (withdrawing in 2017), the Micronational Economic Group in 2016 (withdrawing two months later), the former Liberal League,[2] an international alliance that brings together nations with liberal policies, in 2014 (withdrawing in 2016), and the Micronational Monarchies Organization in 2015 (withdrawing in 2019). In 2020 Ebenthal became one of the MicroWiki nations, joined the League of Professional Nations (later reorganized into the League of Micronations), co-founded the Conference of Santiago[3] and it was the very last applicant member to the Konmalehth.[4] In 2021 the country joined the International Aerospace Community.[5] Citizenship can be acquired by online request and by living in one of its territories for more than a year.

Etymology

The Royal Constitution defines the country's official name as 'Kingdom of Ebenthal' in Article 1.

Art. 1. The Kingdom of Ebenthal is the political association of all its citizens and their possessions. They form a free and independent nation which does not admit any bond that oppose its sovereignty.

— Royal Constitution of Ebenthal

The country's proper name was inspired by the homonymous town in Carinthia, Austria. More precisely it is named for the early renaissance castle from which the town took its name, where Prince Luís Gastão of Brazil, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, lived during his exile. Prince Luís Gastão's life inspired former High King Arthur I after reading the book Dom Pedro II in Germany by the Prince's grand-nephew Prince Carlos Tasso of Saxe-Coburg and Braganza.[6]

The name Ebenthal comes from the Slovenian Žrelec, meaning "stallion horse".

History

Foundation

The Coburg Palace in city of Ebenthal, Austria, after which this country was named.

Ebenthal has its origins in the Kingdom of Roschfallen, a NationStates micronation founded independent from the Federative Republic of Brazil in 28 January 2014, comprising territories in three Brazilian cities. The original territories which would evolve to become Ebenthal belonged to the House of Beato and comrpised a quarter of the Roschfallenian city of Triunphus and three-quarters of the of the Roschfallenian Department of Gros Morne.[7] In the months following its foundation, Roschfallen was still a mixed simulationist-secessionist micronation under constant organizational changes which led to usual discussions on the country's government structure. King Arthur I of Roschfallen acted as a de facto autocrat and wanted to incorporate the noble houses' fiefs (properties) as unitary entities under control by the central government. He was faced with opposition by a series of nobles led notably by Lord Arthur Beato, 1st Duke of Gallar, the High Comissioner of the Department of Gros Morne,[8] who try to press the King for changes, but he was ultimatelly dismissed along with other members of the Council of Fools who oppenly opposed the King. Facing his dismissal, in August 11th the Duke of Gallar proclaimed the secession of his lands from Gros Morne, creating the Most Serene Republic of Gallar, which existed for a few hours, as he was followd by his supporters who declared their territories' independence from the Avalon and Iriland departments and joined it with Gallar's lands proclaiming him King and naming the new state as Ebenthal.[9] Upon Ebenthal's foundation – as the former Duke of Gallar's territory geographically changed to an enclave in Nova Friburgo with his family moving there – the new kingdom's government sought to expand its territory and gather citizens to form a cohesive government. To this, King Arthur I of Ebenthal (not confound with its Roschfallenian homonymous) was able to convince many of the Roschfallenian monarch's friends and even some relatives to join Ebenthal, annexing lands and creating enclaves in the Brazilian cities of Juiz de Fora, Belo Horizonte and Santa Luzia through sovereign concession.[1]

The Constitution of Ebenthal began to be drafted by a constituent assembly comoposed by the King and the Nobility on October 8th, largely based on Roschfallen's July's discarded constitutional project, which itself was largely based on the Empire of Brazil's constitution. Among the difference which entered into effect in Ebenthal when compared to how it was under Roschfallenian rule, the country was declared an aristocratci monarchy on which only nobles would exerce political power. As for the country's culture it was initially a mix between Portuguese-Brazilian and German cultures with some Irish and Turkic influence; the monarch was entitled High King (later changed to King), the head of government was entitled Grand Vizier (later changed to Prime Minister), the first flags were heavily inspired by the Royal Portuguese flag, including the Cross of Saint James, from the Military Order of Saint James of the Sword, which became the country's most prominent symbol.[10]

On 21 November 2014, the Conclave of Ebenthal, the country's first parliament, unicameral and aristocratic, was inaugurated and the micronation effective went on work. Adriano Moreira, Duke of Zentar, who had been appointed interimn head of government since the country's independence, was formally appointed as the country's first Grand Vizies and appointed six ministers, giving shape to the Cabinet of Ebenthal. On December the 1st, the Tribune of Truth, the Ebenthal's sole supreme court, was innaugurated and Lord Pedro Reis, Count of Iustitia, was appointed as its first (adn to this day only) Seneschal.

Consolidation

The New Switzerland mural landmark celebrating the end of the Ebenthali-Brazilian War in the Principality of New Switzerland.
Altered legalist war poster issued by the Ministry of War calling the people to join the cybernetic war efforts enlisting through e-mail during the Ebenthali Civil War.

Once structured and stable, by the end of 2014, the Government of Ebenthal started to search for international recognition and settle diplomacy with other micronations, specially beyond the NationStates cluster in which the micronation was still inserted. The first country to recognize Ebenthal's independence from Roschfallen was the Duchy of Axvalley, trough a treaty of mutual recognition signed on 2 January 2015. Axvalley, being ruled by a personal friend to the King, also gave support to Ebenthal during the Ebenthali Independence War which was still being waged against Roschfallen. In January 28th, admitting the futility of the conflict, the King of Roschfallen invited the King of Ebenthal to his birthday celebration on which they signed the Treaty of Botafogo by which both nations recognized each others independence, sovereignity and territorial claims, puting a definitive end to the Independence War and opening Ebenthal to more diplomatic contact. Immediatly following the event, the Ministry of Information and Propaganda established Ebenthal's first website, forum, archive and all kinds of database.

The Ebenthali Constitution finally entered into force in 8 October 2015. Through the rest of that year to 2016 the micronation engaged in promoting itself intermicronationally by joining organizations such as the Liberal League and establishing diplomacy, on which Ebenthal was greatly helped by the government of Axvalley and Roschfallen. At this first diplomatic development, Ebenthal stood quite away from the Lusophone sector, focusing in getting widespread recognition which could lend the government contact with prominent micronations. From mid to late 2016 the Government of Ebenthal engaged in a conflict which resulted in a declaration of war on Brazil as the latter had invaded the Ebenthali municipality of New Gallar, then called Bracara, in the Principality of New Switzerland. The matter was taken to a Brazilian court and settled with definitive victory to the Ebenthali representatives. In 2017 the government uncovered a plot by Lord Nilo Moreira, 1st Count of the Hidden Mound, First Lord of the Conclave, to overthrown King Arthur I. As soon as the plot was revealed to the monarch, he dismissed and banished Lord Nilo, who then managed to gather some supporters and tried to convince the Ebenthali nobility that he should be king, a title which he already claimed for himself. Nilo's position was supported by the openly Nazi Arabic Empire, starting a civil war for political control. King Arthur I, couting on the support of former Liberal League members such as Roschfallen, Schneeblutig, Harram and Rubrayev, was able to keep his crown while Lord Nilo was sentenced to death by dissolving in acid if he ever had any further contact with Ebenthal and its citizens, and he was permanently exiled along with his supporters.[11]

Following the Ebenthali Civil War, Ebenthal was left strenghtened and with its micronational activity renewed. The country's population, counting both residents and active citizens, rose 30% in a year, with the active population itself doubling. The economy which feeded the micronation thrived with its increasing agricultural production in Geraldorf where Argentinian immigrants had been hired to work with the cattle and they were asked and gladly joined the micronational political life, leading Ebenthal to its peak in regional activity. Job offers also attracted new residents to Gillisburgh, then called Arturia, and in Altentupiland. The country's population grew 153% between 2017 and 2019 due to the immigration and application for citizenship by Brazilians mainly related to the royal family and the principalities' reigning families, including some German Brazilians[12] (namely members of the House of Scherer-Arrais). Still mostly isolationist, Ebenthal started to move away from its former sector of NationStates-originated micronations as they became inactive, to a wider micronational scene, joining the Lusophone sector by establishing contact with the kingdoms of Escorvânia and São Guimarães.

Contemporary Era

One-year celebratory art of the adoption of the new Ebenthali flag, introduced by King Arthur II in early 2020.
Propaganda poster of the Conference of Santiago of which Ebenthal is a founding member, and which has become the most influential intermicronational organization in South America.[13]

Despite the wide populational growth, Ebenthal's demography suffered a fall in 2018 as a consequence of the Brazilian economic crisis which forced Ebenthali citizens to sell their property or close some jobs prompting the 2018 Ebenthali exodus, on which the country's population decreased by 25%. The following year, however, the population began to gradually recover thanks to government efforts to recruit new micronationalists. Nonetheless the political situation caused great disinterest in the political class, and even in the King, pushing the micronation to the brink of inactivity. Taking advantage of the situation, together with other factors, such as his studies outside of South America, King Arthur I announced he would abdicate the throne, which he did in 24 June 2019. He was immediately suceeded by his brother as King Mateus I.

Mateus' brief reign started as promissing but ended up being rather chaotic. He tried to bring in a series of unpopular changes and centralizing the government on his hands. The new monarch's disregard for the political game earned him many enemies and he conflicted with every major political power, of which the most prominent was the Reis Dynasty, a powerful noble house which by the time had five members in government offices, including the Seneschal of Ebenthal of the Tribune of Truth, Lord Pedro Reis, Count of Iustitia and the Peer Lord Nícollas Reis, Duke of Launceston. King Mateus then tried to seized absolute power by abusing his constitutional rights through dismissing most members of the country's institutions which posed themselves against him, on which he was partially supported by the Conservative Party, sparking the Mateusian Crisis, as the event came to be known. To prevent the possible, if not iminent, dissolution of the nation, the Conclave, aligned with the Tribune of Truth and supported by the Royal Ebenthali Army, ruled for the King's immediate deposition, depriving of citizenship and banishment, on 27 September 2019, while his supporters also lost their citizenship. This ended the five-years rule of the House of Beato. A provisional government was installed and a regency was established under Lord Raphale Sousa, 1st Duke of Sion, as the government sought for a new monarch with some micronational experience. The Ebenthali throne was firstly offered byto the former President Bryan of Rubrayev and later to Sultan Omar V of Harram, but both declined the offer. The Duke of Sion then offered the throne to the King of Roschfallen, who had ruled over Ebenthal before the micronation's independence. Disenchanted with Roschfallen, the King abdicated that country's throne and accepted the Ebenthali one becoming King Arthur II of Ebenthal.[14]

Assuminng the throne in 29 December 2019, Arthur II reshaped the nation to his image. He changed the country's symbols, adopting more Germanic features further connecting the micronation to its origins, nonetheless keeping the Cross of Saint James.[10] He appointed the former Regent as his first Prime Minister and the Duke of Launceston as his first Lord Speaker, holding in place or elevating people of prominence in the Ebenthali politics that preceded him on the throne. The new King had his family lands which had been part of Roschfallen annexed to Ebenthal according to the Nomadic Micronation Theory's precepts. Since his rising to the throne, his connections made possible fot Ebenthal to achieve borader aspects in terms of power and diplomacy. [15][16][17] New classification patterns were adopted and a new government database was created. In 23 March 2020 Ebenthal became a founding member of the Brazilian sector, adhering the joint political effort of the Treaty of Persenburg[18] and the Protocol of Goetha,[19] developed by Oscar I, Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia, among others, to create a secessionist (a.k.a. derivative) micronationalist sector in Brazil as opposed to the largely simulationist Lusophone sector. To further the derivative efforts, in April 2020 the country became a founding member of the Conference of Santiago,[3] an intermicronational political union, which eventually led to the Santiago-Mansean Conflict. On 16 July 2020, the country joined the Konmalehth only to see it dissolved in two days. In 8 March 2021 the country went through a legislative reform which abolished the unicameral parliament, establishing a new bicameral one, the Konkrëse, and abolished the aristocratic exclusiveness, allowing commoners to engage in the national politics. Ebenthal also joined the International Aerospace Community and was invited to become a member state of the Cupertino Alliance.

Geography

Mantiqueira moutain range, where Negromonte and New Switzerland are located, in the central region of Ebenthal.
Rare occurrence of snow in the geographical region where the city of Novesfora is currently located, pre-dating Ebenthali independence and the city's foundation.

Ebenthal's lands are located on the far western part of South America's Atlantic coast, at the Mantiqueira and Mar mountain range, enclaved in the cities of Rio de Janeiro, Nova Friburgo, Saquarema, Magé, Itatiaia, Belo Horizonte, Santa Luzia and Juiz de Fora, close to the Tropic of Capricorn, where the shoreline is oriented east–west, and share land borders with Brazil, Roschfallen and Luna. It also encompasses several oceanic tiny islands, such as Bacaxá Rocks, Our Lady Rocks, and Jaconé Island. Its size, relief, climate, and natural resources make Ebenthal geographically simple, with Atlantic forests and a Subtropical climate.

With a total area of 6.5 square kilometres, Ebenthal spans only one time zone, the UTC−3, and the summer time zone UTC−2. Ebenthali topography is diverse and includes hills, mountains, plains, highlands, and scrublands. Much of the terrain lies above 600 metres and 900 metres. The northern and central region of the country is rugged, encompassing two mountain ranges with heights reaching over 2000 metres, while its southern region is coastal. Ebenthal is supplied by two rivers and is bathed by an immense lagoon of salt water and by the sea.

Climate

The climate of Ebenthal experiences a variety of weather conditions across a scattered area and varied topography, but most of the country is subtropical climate, while the southern region has a tropical savanna climate. According to the Köppen system, Ebenthal hosts three major climatic subtypes: tropical, oceanic and subtropical. The different climatic conditions produce environments ranging from tropical rainforests in the southern and central regions, subtropical vegetation, including temperate coniferous forests in the central and northern regions. Many regions have starkly different microclimates.

The country experiences hot, humid summers, and mild, wet winters. In inland areas of the capital city of Gillisburgh, temperatures above 40°C (104°F) are common during the summer, though rarely for long periods, while maximum temperatures above 27°C (81°F) can occur monthly. On the other hand, cities such as Belmonte have a much more temperate climate with an average of 28°C in summer and close to 0°C during winter. Along the coast, the breeze, blowing onshore and offshore, moderates the temperature. Because of its geographic situation, the country is often reached by cold fronts advancing from Antarctica, especially during autumn and winter, causing frequent weather changes. In summer there can be strong rains, which have on some occasions provoked catastrophic floods and landslides. The mountainous areas register greater rainfall since they constitute a barrier to the humid wind that comes from the Atlantic. Snow has occurred in the central region (Negromonte), although it is rare. Frost occurs normally during winters in both central and northern regions.

Government and politics

Façade of the Kings Palace, previously called Sinclair Palace, the official residence of the Ebenthali Royal Family.

The Kingdom of Ebenthal is constitutionally defined as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy[20] but often refers to itself as a kind of enlightened despotism. The monarch, titled as King, is both head of state and co-head of government of the nation and his position is theoretically hereditary but rather selective. The King appoints the Prime Minister, who acts as a co-head of government alongside the ministerial cabinet, government agencies and the parliament. Legislative power is exercised through the Konkrëse, the national bicameral legislature, consisting of the House of Aristocrats and the House of Councillors, under the sanction or vetoing of the King. Judicial authorities exercise jurisdictional duties almost exclusively through the Tribune of Truth. Ebenthal is a significant micronation according to Dresner's Categoric-Gradial System of Classification.

The Ebenthali federation is constitutionally indissoluble and rests on the common unity and respective autonomy of six principalities and the capital.[20] The unity is set on five fundamental principles: sovereignty, citizenship, dignity of human beings, the social values of labour and freedom of enterprise, and political pluralism. The branches of government (executive, legislative and judiciary under a check and balance system) are formally established by the Constitution, slightly centralized into the King. The executive is organized independently in all three spheres of government, while the judiciary and the legislative are organized only at the national sphere.

All members of the upper house of the parliament, the House of Aristocrats, are directly appointed by the King, while members of the lower house, the House of Councillors, are elected through universal suffrage. The Truchsess are appointed after passing entry exams, while their head, the Seneschal, is freely appointed among them. Formerly an aristocracy, and now a mixed aristocratic-democratic system, Ebenthal conducted its first election on 8 March 2021. National politics is divided into four parties: the Moderate Party, the Conservative Party, the Worker's Party and the Republican Party. The Social-Democratic Party went extinct when its last member retired in 2019,

Law

Pedro II College noble room, designated as one of the three usable rooms by the Tribune of Truth, along with the UNESA court room and the UFRJ Noble Saloon.[a] These rooms are theorically of free use by alumni. Nonetheless, the Tribune of Truth has never used any of those.

Ebenthali law is based on Roman-Germanic traditions and civil law concepts prevail over common law practice. Most of Ebenthali law is codified, although non-codified statutes also represent a substantial part, playing a complementary role. Court decisions set out interpretive guidelines; however, they are seldom binding on other specific cases. Doctrinal works and the works of academic jurists have strong influence in law creation and law cases.

The Tribune of Truth serves primarily as the constitutional court of the nation. The legal system is based on the National Constitution, which was promulgated on 8 October 2014, and is the fundamental law of Ebenthal. All other legislation and court decisions must conform to its rules. The federative units have their own basic laws, which must not contradict the national constitution, as well "organic laws", which act in a similar way to constitutions. Legislative entities are the main source of statutes, although in certain matters judiciary and executive bodies may enact legal norms. Jurisdiction is administered by the judiciary entity, although in rare situations the National Constitution allows the Konkrëse to pass on legal judgments. There are also specialized military, labour, and political court officers who may act along with the supreme court in determined cases. The highest court is the Tribune of Truth.

Military

Crop of the first propaganda piece for the Reserve Corps.

From its foundation on 11 August 2014 until 8 March 2021, Ebenthal had an active Armed Forces, consiting of the Royal Army (including the Aviation Corps), the Royal Navy and the Cybernetics Corps as well as the Royal Gendarmerie, described as an ancillary force of the Army by the constitution. With the enactment of the Ebenthal's Bicameral Act, however, the country's military was formally abolished and replaced by the King's Reserve Force while the Cybernetics Corps were kept, both as separate entities under the Ministry of War.[21]

The former Ebenthali Armed Forces played a key role in keeping the country away from coups d'état such as during the Ebenthali Civil War, defending its interests as in the Ebenthali-Brazilian War and protecting its borders as during the Ebenthali Independence War. Under the former arrangement, the Ministry of War unilaterally considered private security personnel hired by the country's rulers to secure their lands as members of the armed forces. This arrangement, often called a "private army", included two security companies serving Ebenthali citizens: the SEGMINAS and the CAMPSEG.[b] Nonetheless the country had its own active aware military personnel, although mostly served only nominally (reason why standing forces were abolished).

Substituting the Armed Forces, the Reserve Forces work similarly with rankings and offices, except it is only active when summoned by the monarch and it is mainly formed by civilians who take into military action. They also serve a cerimonial role, when requested. The Cybernetic Corps, however, remains a standing force as the country's first line of defense, since Ebenthal's main way of possibly suffering an attack, especially to which it can fight back, is virtually. Each Federative Unit is also free to set its own internal security system, as long as they can pay for it without the resources of the Federal Governemnt. Ever lacking its own corps, Ebenthal is served by the Brazilian Military Firefighters Corps.

Administrative regions

Ebenthal is a asymmetric federal state composed of three largely autonomous principalities, three provinces under direct federal administation and one free city,[20] the capital, all of which may be collectively called federative units. The principalities are organized as hereditary monarchies ruled by a Prince and are free to decide on their forms of government, if either absolute or constitutional, and even to abolish the monarchy. The provinces are organized as regions under the effective control of the federal government, although they might enjoy of a republican-like devolved government. Both principalities and provinces are subsequently subdivided into municipalities whose government can be either elected or appointed. Exceptions are the Principality of Belmonte and the Province of Lyns, which by having a single homonymous municipality, are considered city-states (simultaneously a municipality and a proper federative unit). The Royal City of Gillisburgh as well, as the national capital, is a federative unit ruled directly by the king as an autocracy. Around 60% of the Ebenthali territory is composed by private properties, be it buildings or land, owned by King Arthur II's immediate fmaily, while the other 40% are properties belonging to the reigning princely houses whose sovereignity was granted to the Ebenthali state according to the Nomadic Micronation Theory's principle of sovereignity concession. Ebenthal is divided into:

Federative Units of Ebenthal
Flag State State
code
Capital Other cities Enclaved in Citizens Area (km2) Official language(s) Government Ruler
Communist Flag of Ebenthal (proposal).png
Royal City of
Gillisburgh
GLB Gillisburgh None
city-state
Rio de Janeiro
36
c. 2.5 km²
Portuguese Autocracy King
Arthur II
Flag of New Switzerland (2021).png
Principality of
New Switzerland
NSU Braunau New Gallar
Recceswinth
Nova Friburgo
16
0.8 km²
Portuguese
Hunsrik
Absolute monarchy Prince
Antônio I
Flag of the Principality of Belmonte (2021).png
Principality of
Belmonte
BMT Belmonte None
city-state
Belo Horizonte
32
0.8 km²
Portuguese Constitutional monarchy Prince
Pedro II
Nigrum Montis flag.png
Principality of
Negromonte
NMT Maldras Frumar
Andeca
Juíz de Fora
Itatiaia
10
TBD
Portuguese Constitutional monarchy Prince
Hugo IV
Flag of Alva (2021).png
Province of
Geraldorf
GRD Bauernhof-Sant'Anna Ivrea Santa Luzia
11
c. 3 km²
Portuguese
Rioplatense
Territory under Federal administration King's Commissioner
Alda Carvalho
Flag of the Principality of Alvorada (2021).png
Province of
Lyns
LYN Lyns None
city-state
Saquarema
5
0.5 km²
Portuguese Territory under Federal administration King's Commissioner
Reinaldo Monteiro and Francisco Rato
Ebenthali Imperial Flag Inverse (no arms).png
Province of
Altentupiland
ALT Carlenburg Telesia
Magé
18
1 km²
Portuguese Territory under Federal administration King's Commissioner
Reinaldo Monteiro

Foreign policy

Logo of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, main resposible for Ebenthal's diplomacy.

Ebenthal's international relations are formally based on non-intervention, self-determination, international cooperation and coordenation and the peaceful settlement of conflicts as the guiding principles of Ebenthal's relationship with other micronations and multilateral organizations. Nevertheless, in its recent history, Ebenthal has adopted broadly interventionist policies regarding threats made to allied nations, taking their defense. According to the Constitution, the King has ultimate authority over foreign policy and is tasked with reviewing and considering all diplomatic nominations and international treaties, as well as legislation relating to Ebenthali foreign policy.[22]

Ebenthali foreign policy is a by-product of the country's position as a great power within the Brazilian sector and a middle power within the MicroWiki sector. The county follows a strict policy and resolution and strongly opposes simulationism and ficticional claims through its adherence to the Treaty of Persenburg and later to the Wrythe Convention. Ebenthal also holds a prominent place in the Conference of Santiago, South America's lead intermicronational organization, often representing it in interorganizational summits and events. Furthermore, Ebenthal also participates in other organizations such as the International Aerospace Community and the League of Micronations and has been through a long debate on wether to apply or not for the Cupertino Alliance which many allied nations are part of.

The first micronation to recognize Ebenthal's independence was the Duchy of Axvalley in January 2015. Roschfallen and Ebenthal signed the Treaty of Botafogo of mutual recognition as sovereign nations later that same month. Currently, Ebenthal has established formal and informal relations with several micronations.

Economy

Landscape of downtown of Rio de Janeiro, where most Ebenthali financial business are made.

Ebenthal total economy budget is of Δ275,600 doubloons, relying on 27kg of pyrite,[23] while its Gross Value Added, this means, the sum of all Ebenthali properties, is of R$5.182 million reais, about to US$2 million dollars. Ebenthal has a mixed economy and a developed internal market, on vias to develop a common market with the Conference of Santiago. The Ebenthali economy has been in a stable and controlled decline, as the country's treasure is steady and able to keep the micronation going at the current rhythm for at least 137 years, with the GDP per capita following on the same course, with numbers of Δ2,396 in 2020. Ebenthali industry provided large investments in productivity gains, in comparison to the last three years, which is attributable to the automatization of manual work and free market. Active mainly in the agricultural and service sectors, Ebenthal has an estimated labor force of over 75 people.

The country has been expanding its presence in intermicronational financial markets specially through the development of the Conference of Santiago Common Market. Major export products include consume goods, manufactural goods, information technology, textiles, services and decoration goods.

The Conferential Doubloon is the official currency,[23][20] pegged to the pyrite standart (converted to Brazilian Real), following a managed-float monetary policy by the Conference of Santiago Financial Authority and implemented through the Bank of Ebenthal.[24] Nonetheless, most of the country's business is done in Brazilian Real.[c] The economy of Ebenthal succeeded due to the free-market and liberal economic policies adopted by the government. The government intervenes in rare cases, to avoid prejudice to the national market. The laws of respect for the primary surplus has been respected since independence, although the country has gone through turbulent times until 2017 and again in late 2019.

The higher expenses of Ebenthali economy are with welfare and infrastructure, followed by security, health and the environment. Spending on government manutention are minimal. The Royal Government has invested heavily in modernizing its institutions and apparatuses in key areas of investment such as e-commerce. Total expenditures total roughly Δ7,000 doubloons annually.[25]

Infrastructure

Science and technology

Details of the Kings Palace Observatory telescope.

Scientific research in Ebenthal is varried out by various government institution under the wing of the Ministry of Science and Technology, with the majority of funding for basic research and technological development coming from the the private sector's investment into the public sector. Ebenthal's most esteemed technological hubs are the Ebenthali Space Research Institute in Gillisburgh and the Royal Science Society headquartered in Frumar. Owner of relative technological sophistication, the micronation's main area of scientific research is that of astronomy, but Ebenthal has also been involved in developing small robots, improving solar panels and doing geological and agricultural research.

According to studies, 66% of the Ebenthali people is somewhat interested in sciences and new technologies, whereas 30% are more interested in astronomy; 79% are interested in information technology; 22% in military technology; 18% in biological technology; 52% in medicinal studies. The interest in technology surpasses the interest in scientific research more than the double, but nonetheless, Ebenthal continues to invest much more in research than in the development of new technologies.

Ebenthal produces a considerable part of its energy consumed (at least 31%) through solar panels, nominaly managed by Royal Light Company, a state agency administrated by the Ministry of the Kingdom. This occur mainly in Belmonte and Geraldorf due to the agricultural needs. According to research, the entire inhabited territory of Ebenthal has internet and telephone signals 4G, and all of the Ebenthali families have at least one computer and one smartphone.

Transport

The Dona Maria Road, in Gillisburgh (house on the left). Most of Ebenthal's paved roads are cobblestone and connect the country to Brazil.

Ebenthali roads are the primary carriers of freight and passenger traffic. At least 40% of the streets, roads and paths in Ebenthal are paved with cobblestone, while the vast majority, around 50% are dirt roads and paths, with 10% paved with asphalt. Is it also estimated that 50% to 60% of the Ebenthali roads are accompanied by wood fences. The first investments in road infrastructure took place long before the micronation's independence. Ebenthali roads connect its cities with the neighbouring countries of Brazil and Roschfallen. There is no annual registration fee or road tax; however, all Ebenthali roads are privatized. The new car market is dominated by Fiat, (40% of cars sold in Ebenthal as of 2020), Toyota (30%) and Renault (30%). Over 70% of new cars sold in 2020 had diesel engines, far more than contained petrol or LPG engines.

Ebenthal isn't served by an own airport, but it has registered three helicopter landings, which prompted the government for the creation of the Princess Maria Heliport in the city of Bauernhof-Sant'Anna.

Ebenthal also has a small river transportation network connecting the city-state of Lyns, and to the Brazilian Rio de Janeiro state's town of Saquarema. The country does not have its own railway network, but Gillisburgh is served by two Rio de Janeiro's metropolitan train stations which borders Ebenthali territory connect Gillisburgh to Triunphus, in Roschfallen, and Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil; Belmonte borders one metro station as well, connecting it to the city to Belo Horizonte.

Education

The Federal Univerity of Rio de Janeiro, the most frequented college by the Ebenthalis.

The Royal Constitution and the Law of Guidelines and Bases of National Education determine that the Royal Government must provide higher education, while each federativ unit must provide all the other stages. The Royal Government is responsible for the regulation of education through the Ministry of Culture and Education. Each of these public educational systems is responsible for its own maintenance, which manages funds as well as the mechanisms and funding sources. The constitution reserves 25% of the country's financial revenue for education. As Ebenthal isn't served by any educational institution other than the virtually-carried Royal Academy of General Knowledge, the education budget is mostly used to fund the education of the Ebenthali people in institutions outside the micronation.

The Royal Academy of General Knowledge is an state institution with a variety of courses in all levels of education, founded in Gillisburgh in 2014. As all the country's students have their studies funded outside Ebenthal, they frequent mainly universities in Brazil, among which the most frequented is the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, ranked 7th the best university in Latin America, according to QS World University Rankings.

According to the Ministry of Culture and Education, in 2018, the literacy rate of the population was 100.0%, erradicating illiteracy in the micronation; functional illiteracy, though, has reached 14.0% of the population.

Higher education starts with undergraduate or sequential courses, which may offer different options of specialization in academic or professional careers. Depending on the choice, students can improve their educational background with post-graduate studies or broad sense courses.

Attending an institution of higher education is required by Law of Guidelines and Bases of Education to be eligible to become a public servant. Kindergarten, elementary and high educations are required for all students, provided the student does not hold any disability, whether physical, mental, visual or hearing.

Health

The Copa Star Hospital in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, one of the most frequented by the people of Gillisburgh.

According to the constitution, it is the state's responsibility to provide health and medical care in all levels to Ebenthali people, but as the micronation finds itself impossible to provide these services properly, in 12 December 2014, the Ebenthali Government signed an unilateral agreement with Brazil to enjoy their public health system, the Universal Health System, by establishing the Royal Health Accord. On the other hand, private healthcare systems play a major role among the Ebenthalis, among which it is estimated that 65% have some type of health insurance. As the micronation does not hold any type of health institution, the constitution-designated budget for the area is used to fund emergency medical needs for the population.

Despite all the progress made since the adoption of this health system in 2014, there are still several public health problems in Ebenthal, which primarily leads most of the population to seek private health. The greatest cause of death in Ebenthal is due to heart diseases (2 deaths per 100 inhabitants). The number of deaths from non-communicable diseases, such as respiratory diseases (1 death per 100 inhabitants) and cancer (1 death per 100 inhabitants), also has a considerable impact on the health of the Ebenthali population. Finally, external but preventable factors such as violence and suicide caused no deaths in the country so far, although it left injured citizens. The Ebenthali-concerted Brazilian health system is one of the most well-developed among micronations, at the level of the World Health Organization (WHO) according to their 2000 pattern.

In 2020, amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, the Ebenthali Government has promulgated a law which obliges all citizens resident in Ebenthal to be vaccinated as soon as any vaccines that have been approved by Brazilian Health Regulatory Agency are made available to them, under penalty of suspension of political rights, loss of nationality and even imprisonment (automatically commuted to banishment).[26]

Demographics

Citizens
YearPop.±%
2014 11—    
2015 18+63.6%
2016 40+122.2%
2017 52+30.0%
2018 39−25.0%
2019 97+148.7%
2020 169[27]+74.2%
2021 189+11.8%
Information taken from every year

The population of Ebenthal, as recorded by the Ministry of the Kingdom in late 2020, was that of 189 people, of which 126 resided in national territory[20], 74 are citizens-in-exercise (this means people who actively sought to acquire Ebenthali citizenship and participate in the micronation's social and political affairs, wether they live or not in Ebenthal, including 43 members of government).[28] with a ratio of men to women of 5:10 and approximately 80% of the population defined as urban. The resident population is heavily concentrated in the Northern (43 inhabitants), Southern (30 inhabitants) and Central (26 inhabitants) regions, while the two most extensive regions, the North and the Central, which together make up 70% of the Ebenthali territory, have a total of only 69 inhabitants.

The first census in Ebenthal was carried out in 2015 and recorded a population of 18 inhabitants. From 2015 to 2020 the population has multiplied to over ten times with the laws of citizenship applied to the national territory, the foreigners who applied for citizenship and the immigration of Brazilians, Portuguese and Swisses.[12] Ebenthali population increased significantly between 2019 and 2021 due to two main factors: the mass exodus of Roschfallenian citizens which became Ebenthali citizens upon the ascension of Arthur II to the throne of Ebenthal (as his family's lands and its permanente residents were registered as citizens) and the increase on the country's international prestige which prompted an increase in the applications for citizenship. As the annual population growth rate has been positive and constant, life expectancy rose from 78 to 81 years and 83 years in 2021.

Race and ethnicity

Typical Ebenthali people, including many members of the Clan Brum.[29]

According to the National Research by the Ministry of the Kingdom of 2015, 76.7% of the population jas been described as white; 16.4% as mixed race; and 3.7% as Black of different ethnicities;[28] There are Ameridians in Ebenthal, although the DNA of most white and mixed-race people can be traced to some South American native tribe.

Since the arrival of the Portuguese in 1500, considerable miscegenation between local Amerindians and Europeans has taken place in all regions of the country (with European ancestry being dominant nationwide according to the vast majority of all autosomal studies undertaken covering the entire population, accounting for between 90% to 98%).

Ebenthali society mainly divided on resident citizens and Brazilian-born citizens versus non-resident citizensis. Within this division, the society is further divided by social class lines, although some income disparity is found between race groups, so racism and classism can be conflated. Socially significant closeness to one racial group is taken in account more in the basis of appearance (phenotypes) rather than ancestry, to the extent that full siblings can pertain to different "racial" groups.

From the 19th century, Ebenthali territory had been to immigration. Hundreds of people from over 10 countries migrated to Roschfallenian-Ebenthali current territories between 1808 and 2016, most of them of Portuguese, German, Swiss, Roschfallenian, and Brazilian. As from 2019, Ebenthal has been increasing its number of non-resident citizens who have applied for citizenship due to the country's growing prestige.

Religion

Piece of the Church of Saint Nicholas's façade, where the King was baptized and his father got married.

Ebenthal is religiously diverse, encompassing a wide range of beliefs and customs. The kingdom has no official religion, and the government is officially committed to religious secularism, although the monarchical institution did sustain a series of Christian practices and features. Freedom of religion in Ebenthal is a constitutionally protected right, allowing individuals to assemble and worship without limitation or interference. The practise of religion is now fully considered a private matter throughout society and the state. The majority of Ebenthalis though did consider religion to be important in their daily lives. According to the 2020 census, 53.9% of Ebenthalis identify as Catholics Christians. Much of the remainder is made up of Spiritists, who accounted for 31.7% of the population, divided into three sub-groups: Umbandists, Kardecists and Candomblecists. There is no Protestant denominations in Ebenthal, a rarity among many micronations. Secularization has been growing. In 2020 14.8% have declared to have no religious affiliation or to be either atheists or agnostics, compared to 10.5% in 2021. There is a significant Protestan minority (5.8%) originated from the country's Anglophone citizens. The remaining 2.1% are affiliated with non-Christian religions, the largest of which are Hinduism and Islam.[28]

After King Arthur II took the throne, he passed a law in the Conclave forbidding two Protestant groups to act in national territory, namely the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God and the Universal Church of God's Power. Several neo-charismatic features and their opposition to LGBT rights were interpreted as contradicting some constitutional guarantees and criminal laws, which the government used as justification for their action against these Protestant groups. Little internal criticism arose on the matter, although it did weaken the micronation's relations with some micronations ruled by evangelicals, especially in South America.

Language

Interior of the Royal National Library of Ebenthal.

According to Article 13rd of the 2015 Constitution, ammended in October 2020, Ebenthal's two official languages are the Portuguese and English, whilst the Portuguese remains the national language, spoken natively by the entire resident population (73.5% of the total population),[28] being the language used for business and administrative purposes (aside of English), and the English language plays its role as diplomatic language, mainly used in propaganda. Nonetheless the government provides information in both languages on its channels. In 2014 the former Conclave legally recognized the use of the Brazilian Sign Language as official language to deaf people by a regulated law. The law mandates the use of the Brazilian Sign Language, more commonly known by its Portuguese acronym LIBRAS, in education and government services when needed. The language should be taught as a part of the curriculum and language and language pathology curriculum. LIBRAS teachers, instructors and translators are recognized professionals. Schools and health services should provide access ("inclusion") to deaf people.

Brazilian Portuguese, spoken in Ebenthal, has had its own development, mostly similar to 16th-century Central and Southern dialects of European Portuguese (despite a very substantial number of Portuguese colonial settlers, and more recent immigrants, coming from Central Europe).

Minority languages ​​are spoken throughout the nation. In some federative units, Portuguese is either the co-official language along with other major languages of foreign settlers, such as the German language, characterized by its national variant, the Riograndenser Hunsrückisch, spoken natively by 9.5% of the Ebenthalis[28][12] and disposing of a co-official status at the Principality of New Switzerland (where it is more spoken than Portuguese),[12] or these languages can be recognized as minority languages, such is the case of the Spanish spoken by Argentinian workers at the Province of Geraldorf and Ebenthali citizens of Argentinian origin. Learning at least one second language (generally English and Spanish) is mandatory, while English is required to serve in the government.

Culture

The overall Ebenthali culture was heavily inspired by German Brazilian culture as illustrated by the Casa Suíça, whose architecture is common in Nova Friburgo, where the Principality of New Switzerland is enclaved.
The Portuguese colonial architecture is the main architectural style present in Ebenthal as seen in neighbourhood of Savassi, where the Principality of Belmonte lies partially enclaves.

The core culture of Ebenthal is derived from Portuguese culture, its sub-product, the Brazilian culture and features adopted from the German culture. Among other influences, the Portuguese introduced the Portuguese language, Roman Catholicism and Neoclassical architecture styles while its subproduct, though, the Brazilian culture, strongly influenced by African, indigenous and non-Portuguese European cultures and traditions, introduced these features. To complete the Ebenthali cultural development, the Germans and Swiss played a considerable role[12] mainly in symbology, grocery and political structure. On the other hands, the indigenous Amerindians influenced not only the Brazilian Portuguese spoken in Ebenthal, as its cuisine, manners and legends, shared with the larger surrounding country, as well as the African influence, which goes beyond, to music, dance and religion.

Ebenthali art has developed since before the micronation's independence into different styles, mainly graphic and virtual art. Although Ebenthal does not hold any cinema, its people developed a complex audiovisual culture.

Architecture

The architecture of Ebenthal is influenced by Europe, especially by Portugal and Germany. It has a history that goes back 500 years to the time when Pedro Álvares Cabral discovered Brazil in 1500. Neoclassical architecture is the predominant architetonic style in Ebenthal, an inheritance of the Portuguese settlers and the pro-European policy of the former Brazilian Empire, and it is the basis for all modern adaptation styles in the micronation. Other distinguisheable architectonics styles are the Gothic architecture, mainly in the central region at the principalities of New Switzerland and Negromonte. Modern architecture is on rise, specially in the form of adaptations to the classical styles, mainly in the country's two largest cities.

Music

The Efeito Colateral band from Gillisburgh.

The music listened to in Ebenthal is mainly from Brazilian and American origin, while the produced music bases itself on these two influences, as well as on the African and British rhythms. According to a survey held in 2019, approximately 20% of the country's population has proficiency in some instrument, while only 1% have produced any original song. This same survey showed that Rock n' Roll and Metal together form 30.7% of the country's most listened to genres, followed by Brazilian popular music, Samba and Bossa Nova, listened to most by the other 29.5%; American popular music listened by 18.9%; and other genres completing other 15%, including Classical Music.[28]

Ebenthal has hosted two rock bands, one amateur and one professional, and several shows and performances. Efeito Colateral is a heavy and thrash metal band from Rio de Janeiro and Gillisburgh who has toured the State of Rio de Janeiro and the central region of the Kingdom of Ebenthal.[30] They have released an album so far and performed in three micronations on several events. According to the 2019 survey, 70% of the Ebenthali said music is somewhat important to their lives.

As of 2020, 65% of the country's population uses some kind of music application for smartphones such as Spotify and YouTube Music

Literature

Machado de Assis, considered the greatest Brazilian writter, is the most famous author among Ebenthalis.

Many literary styles are appreciated by the Ebenthalis, from which fantasy, romance, thriller, romanticism, textbook, novel and cosmic horror are the more notorious. Works by Machado de Assis, H.P. Lovecraft, Mary Shelley, Tymothy Zahn, J. R. R. Tolkien, Fyodor Dostoevsky, José Murilo de Carvalho, are the most famous among the Ebenthali people.

These authors and genres have inspired several Ebenthalis to written by themselves, among which stands out Jean Roberto, with one published horror and fiction book and Prince Mário Sérgio Brum, author to three published book and several essays on Brazil's sociology and political history.[31] Many others have written several books, mainly e-books, on subjects such as alternative history, fantasy, expanded literature of existing literary universes and famous brands such as that of Star Wars.

In 2018 the Royal Fair of Arturia, a literary and social event organized by the House of Beato and the Clan Brum, took place in the capital city of Arturia (currently called Gillisburgh), where many citizens and foreigners came together to exchange and talk about several books of their preference. More than 20 people participated and the fair disposed of more than 60 books.

Currently, Ebenthal is served by several particular libraries and one public one, the Royal National Library, located at the Kings Palace. The government destinates 5% to 15% of its budget to cultural input annually, especially the acquisition of books.

Cuisine

The main typical dishes of Ebenthal are chocolate-derived and powdered milk sweets, inspired by Gororoba, a national sweet created by he who would become the future King Arthur II in 2002.

Ebenthali cuisine varies greatly by region, reflecting the micronation's varying legacy of indigenous and immigrant populations. This has created a national cuisine marked by the preservation of regional differences. Examples are the Gororoba, a sweet ball made of chocolate and milk powder, considered the country's national dish; currywurst is the main regional dish in the enclaves of Nova Friburgo due to the German and Swiss colonization; Doce de leite and cheese bread are the regional dishes in the enclaves o Minas Gerais.

The national beverage is the chocolate milk and coffee. A typical meal consists mostly of rice and beans with beef, french fries and a fried egg. Popular snacks are pastel (a fried pastry); coxinha (a variation of chicken croquete). Ebenthal's cuisine is mainly centered in candies, specially made of chocolate, so the micronation dispose of many desserts such as brigadeiros (chocolate fudge balls), rocambole (roll cake) and romeu e julieta (cheese with goiabada).

Sports

The most popular sport in Ebenthal is football. The micronation created its football team in late 2018, but it has been dormant following two games. Volleyball, basketball, auto racing, and martial arts also attract large Ebenthali audiences. According to a 2019 survey, around 10% of the micronation's population practice some type of martial arts, mainly karate, Jiu-Jitsu and Capoeira.

The micronation is also a powerhouse of Paralympic Games as it is home to the world record holder and multiple-times swim champion André Brasil, who is a 1st-cousin-once-removed and godfather to High King Arthur II and a Ebenthali national.

National holidays

Name Date Notes
New Year's Day 1 January The first day of the Gregorian year.
Peace Day 19 February Victory of the Ebenthali government at the civil war
International Workers' Day 1 May Honors the contributions that workers have made to the country's strength, prosperity, and well-being.
Abolition Day 13 May Commemoration of the abolition of slavery in Brazil by Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil.
Independence Day 11 August Independence of Ebenthal from Roschfallen
International Missy Barrat Day 30 August Marked as a day dedicated to doing good deeds and encouraging others to do good deeds, associated with the fictional character Missy Barratt.
Salvation Day 27 September Deposition of High King Mateus after he attempted to destroy the micronation.
Children’s Day 12 October Honor children, promote mutual exchange and understanding among children and initiate actions to benefit and promote the welfare of the world's children.
Teachers's Day 15 October Special day for the appreciation of teachers and their special contributions to the society.
Mother's Day 29 November Celebration honoring the mother of the family, as well as motherhood, maternal bonds, and the influence of mothers in society.
The chosen date was the death of Marília, Princess of Triunphus, High King Arthur II's mother, to honor her.
Emperor's Day 2 December Tribute to the birth of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil, a revered person in Ebenthal.
Christmas Day 25 December Traditional commemoration of the birth of Jesus.
New Year's Eve 31 December The final day of the Gregorian year; Saint Sylvester's Day.

External links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 NS Cache. Roschfallenian-Ebenthali relations Retrieved on 4 October 2020. Published on 2 April 2015.
  2. NS Cache. Liberal League Retrieved on 24 January 2020. Published on 1 January 2017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Conferência de Santiago. Treaty of Santiago, 12 April 2020.
  4. Ministry of Information. Ebenthal becomes the last applicant member to the Konmalehth. Published in 19 July 2020.
  5. Ministry of Information. Ebenthal joins the IAC. published in 1 July 2021.
  6. Bragança, Carlos Tasso de Saxe-Coburgo e. 1959. Dom Pedro II na Alemanha (in Portuguese). 74-75. Senac, São Paulo. ISBN 2873864869
  7. NS Cache. Pre-Ebenthali territory. Retrieved on 5 October 2020. Published on 25 June 2017
  8. NS Cache. Roschfallenian Government: Posts and Officials. Retrieved on 5 October 2020. Published on 13 May 2014
  9. Libertian Archives. Retrieved 24 January 2020. Published on 14 March 2018.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Ministry of Information. "National Symbols Referendum". 2 May 2020. Retrieved 2 November 2020.
  11. The Theater of the Ebenthali Civil War. Retrieved on 7 December 2020. Published on 5 December 2018.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 Ministry of Information. New Switzerland and the Katarinensisch. Published on 22 October 2017. Retrieved on 25 December 2020.
  13. MicroWiki 2020 in the MicroWiki community. Published on 7 December 2020. Retrieved on 23 December 2020.
  14. Arthur I of Roschfallen (6 June 2019). "Coup d'état in Roschfallen".
  15. Treaty of Belmonte. Treaty of mutual recognition and friendship between the Empire of Karnia-Ruthenia and the Kingdom of Ebenthal. Retrieved 24 January 2020. Published 15 January 2020.
  16. Government of the Lateran States (5 April 2020). "Renovatio e constructione: Lateran States recognizes the Kingdom of Ebenthal".
  17. Ministry of Information. "News Bulettin". 9 October 2020. Retrieved 2 November 2020.
  18. Conferência de Santiago. Treaty of Persenburg, given in Persenburg, 12 March 2020
  19. Conferência de Santiago. Goetha Protocol, 30 March 2020
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 20.4 Ministry of Information. About Ebenthal. Retrieved on 5 October 2020. Published on 2 May 2020.
  21. Ministry of Information. New legislature, new government. Published on 28 March 2021. Retrieved on 26 April 2021.
  22. Ministry of Information. Ebenthal's Diplomacy. Retrieved on 5 October 2020. Published on 2 May 2020.
  23. 23.0 23.1 Ministry of Information. Ebenthal adopts CS Doubloon as its new official currency. Retrieved on 7 December 2020. Published on 5 August 2020.
  24. Conferência de Santiago. The Conference of Santiago and the Conferential Doubloon. Retrieved on 21 August 2020. Published on 4 August 2020.
  25. Ministry of Information. The October Reform Act. Retrieved on 7 December 2020. Published on 7 November 2020.
  26. Ministry of Information. Ebenthal's regulations on the COVID-19 pandemic. Published on 4 January 2021. Retrieved on 16 January 2021.
  27. Ministry of the Information. Census 2020. Retrieved on 8 December 2020. Published on 8 December 2020.
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 28.3 28.4 28.5 Ministry of the Information. Census 2021. Retrieved on 8 July 2021. Published on 8 July 2021.
  29. The Clan Brum. Published on 8 December 2019. Retrieved on 1 January 2021.
  30. Efeito Colateral. Published on 2014. Retrieved on 30 December 2020.
  31. Fluminense Federal University. Cantareira by Mário Sérgio Brum. Published in 2001. Retrieved on 10 December 2020.

Notes

  1. The Ebenthali Government unilaterally designated three rooms of public use for most members of the government to serve as place for the Tribune of Truth activity: the University Estácio de Sá's court room in Pres. Vargas Campus, the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro's Noble Saloon at the Count of Arcs Palace and the Pedro II College's conference room.
  2. The SEGMINAS and CAMPSEG private security companies provide the security of Ebenthal's two farms which compose roughly 50% of the country's territory.
  3. Although the Conferential Doubloon is the country's sole official currency, substituting the Ebenthali Galleon, the Brazilian Real remains the most used currency in day-to-day affairs in Ebenthal as well as the engine of the country's macroeconomic policy; it is also used as a conversion standart to calculate the CS Doubloon value.