House of Aristocrats (Ebenthal)

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House of Aristocrats
Câmara dos Aristocratas
4th Konkrëse
Logo of the House of the Aristocrats (Ebenthal).svg
Type
Type
Term limits
Life-long
History
FoundedMarch 8, 2021 (2021-03-08)
Leadership
Vice Lord Speaker
Structure
SeatsUnlimited
Political groups
     Non-partisan (22)
(House members are non-partisan in character, but are free to affiliate with any political parties)
Elections
Appointed at the monarch's will
Hereditary peerage
Meeting place
Raych Halle, Malmünd

The House of Aristocrats (Portuguese: Câmara dos Aristocratas) is the upper house of the Konkrëse, the parliament of Ebenthal. Membership is by appointment and hereditary and its members, drawn from the Ebenthali nobility, often called Lords of Congress or simply Aristocrats, and serve life-long terms.

The House of Aristocrats does not have a limit on the number of seats and its members are, in the exercise of their functions, non-partisans, even if they are individually affiliated with political parties. Its members are appointed and can only be removed by the monarch, or they inherit their position from their predecessor to a noble title whose bearer was appointed as a member of the house. The House of Aristocrats does not control the term of the Prime Minister or of the Government. Only the lower house and the sovereign may force the Prime Minister to resign or call elections. However, on rare occasions, if the party or coalition that forms a majority in the lower house does not reach an acceptable nomination for the position, the Prime Minister can be appointed from the upper house.

The House of Aristocrats scrutinises bills that have been approved by the House of Councillors, regularly reviewing and amending them, and it is able not only to prevent bills from passing into law, except in certain limited circumstances, as it is able to propose and approve bills independently. In this capacity, the House of Aristocrats acts as a check on the House of Councillors that is independent from the electoral process and as a primary house on its own capacity. Members of the Aristocrats may take on roles as government ministers same as members of the Councillors.

Origin

The House of Aristocrats was inspired by the British House of Lords in essence (specially in functional structure), as well as by the Hungarian House of Magnates (specially in name), with features of the Portuguese House of Peers which were kept from Ebenthal's former unicameral parliament, the severely Portuguese-inspired College of Peers of the Realm.

The original proposal of creation of an upper house for Ebenthal's parliament by Gabriela Amorim, 1st Duchess of Frumar, envisioned the seats to be life-long but elected through universal suffrage and open for commoners to run for. Facing the Conservative Party's threats to formal protest, and advised by the leader of the Moderate Party back then, the proposal was altered to an aristocracy-exclusive legislation chamber.

Functions

According the Constitution of Ebenthal's 6th ammendment, the Lord of Congress exerce the exclusive functions of either approving or reject, alter and amend bills from the House of Councillors, to recognize the validity and legitimacy of a referendum, to legislate and arbitrate on matters incidental to the execution of any power vested by the constitution in the executive, legislature or judiciary, plus the common functions of deal with taxation and loans, trade and commerce (only regarding the Central Government), to deal with conciliation and arbitration when required, to legislate on matter regarding the country's institutions, infrastructure and rules, to legislate on currency, coinage, and legal tender, on immigration and citizenship, among other things.

Procedure

A legislative bill can be formally introduced by any member of both legislative houses, as well as by the Sovereign and the rulers of the the provinces of Ebenthal, although it is more commonly introduced by the parliamentary houses only, specially the House of Aristocrats. The Lord Speaker read the proposed bill and puts it up to voting. If a bill, either introduced directly at the house or originating from the House of Councillors, is approved, it is immediatly sent to the King's office for his royal assent or veto. If a bill fails, it may be debated and voted again in a next session; if it fails again, then the bill is shelved and can only be revived after a month.

Composition and seats

The House of Aristocrats is made up of as many members as the monarch appoints, selected exclusively from among the Ebenthali nobility; not all nobles are members of the House of Aristocrats. Members, often called Lords of Congress, Aristocrats or simply Members of the House of Aristocrats, do not represent constituencies and their lenght of term is lifetime. When a member dies or relinquishes his title, if there is a clear heir, he assumes the deceased member's position in the house. In concurrence with the result of elections to the House of Councillors, the monarch appoints a member of the Aristocrats to be the Lord Speaker, who in turn appoints the Vice Lord Speaker. By convention, the monarch appoints as Lord Speaker a member of the party or coalition that has a majority of seats in the lower house, or some noble on the Prime Minister's advice.

Members

Appointed MP Party State Took office Seat # Notes
Appointed
The Marquis of Rozandir Non-partisan  Ebenthal 2 February 2020 1 Vice Lord Speaker
The Count of Lyns Non-partisan  Ebenthal 5 March 2019 2
The Count of Reccared Non-partisan  Ebenthal 14 August 2022 3
The Prince Pedro II Non-partisan  Ebenthal 14 August 2022 4 former reigning Prince of Belmonte
The Prince Fernando Non-partisan  Ebenthal 30 October 2015 5
The Marquis of Recceswinth Non-partisan  Ebenthal 13 September 2014 6
The Count of Nordwind Non-partisan  Ebenthal 7 September 2018 7
The Count of Goethe Non-partisan  Ebenthal 13 October 2022 8
The Marquis of Telesia Non-partisan  Ebenthal 1 July 2020 9
The Count of Galla Placidia Non-partisan  Ebenthal 5 July 2020 10
The Count of Ivrea Non-partisan  Ebenthal 28 February 2020 11
The Marquis of Savassi Non-partisan  Ebenthal 16 February 2020 12
The Prince Hugo III Non-partisan  Ebenthal 10 March 2021 13 former reigning Prince of Schwarzberg
The Duchess of Frumar Non-partisan  Ebenthal 31 December 2019 14 Lady Speaker
The Duke of Ambarino Non-partisan  Ebenthal 14 August 2022 15 Prime Minister
The Countess of Barcelos Non-partisan  Ebenthal 10 March 2021 16
The Marquis of Soutofeld Non-partisan  Ebenthal 14 August 2022 17
The Marquis of Nova Gallar Non-partisan  Ebenthal 14 August 2022 18
The Count of Theudigisel Non-partisan  Ebenthal 14 August 2022 19
The Count of Balten Non-partisan  Ebenthal 24 December 2018 20
The 2nd Duchess of Montana Non-partisan  Ebenthal 8 March 2021 21

See also

References