Prime Minister of Ebenthal

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Prime Minister of Ebenthal
Flag of the Prime Minister of Ebenthal (2022).png
Flag of the Prime Minister
Henrique Sãens.png
Incumbent
Henri Sãens

since 8 September 2021
StyleThe Most Dignified
Member ofKonkrëse
Cabinet
Reports toHouse of Councillors
Monarch
SeatRaych Kabinett, Altenburg
AppointerMonarch
Term lengthAt His Majesty's Pleasure
Constituting instrumentConstitution
Inaugural holderAdriano Moreira
Formation11 August 2014
DeputyCouncillor Speaker
Salary𝒦ℳ 4.666


The Prime Minister of Ebenthal (Portuguese: Primeiro-Ministro de Ebenthal) is the constitutional co-head of government of the Kingdom of Ebenthal. The Prime Minister advises the Sovereign on the exercise of part of his royal prerogative, chairs the cabinet and select its ministers. As the Prime Minister hold office by virtue of the ability to command the confidence of the House of Councillors, they sit as a councillor.

The office of Prime Minister is established by the Constitution of Ebenthal, originally called Grand Vizier. The reigning Monarch appoints as Prime Minister the person most likely to command the confidence of the House of Councillors, even though this is a long-established convention and not a legal bind; this individual is typically the leader of the political party or coalition of parties that holds the largest number of seats in that chamber.

Although the position of Prime Minister is left to the House of Councillors, on rare occasions, if the party or coalition that forms a majority in the lower house does not reach an acceptable nomination for the position, the Prime Minister can be appointed by the Monarch from among the members. of that same party or coalition in the upper house, the House of Aristocrats. The Monarch, in turn, although he cannot appoint ministers, can dismiss them individually and dissolve the cabinet at will.

History

The post of prime minister was officially established under the name of Grand Vizier on 11 August 2014 through the Declaration of Foundation, Independence and Sovereignty, drafted by the Marquis de Victer and signed into law by the King Arthur I of Ebenthal and on the 13th August Adriano Moreira, who was made Marquis of Jännerach, was appointed first Grand Vizier of Ebenthal, later joining the Worker's Party. After the fall of the Jännerach cabinet, in the first half of 2015, the Worker's Party only returned to power in 2021. That same year, with the promulgation of the Constitution of Ebenthal, the Grand Vizier was formalized as co-Head of Government, attributing part of the executive powers that are normally the competence of a prime minister in a regular constitutional monarchy to the Monarch.

In 2017, when Nilo Moreira, 1st Count of the Hidden Mound, First Lord of the Conclave, proclaimed himself King of Ebenthal, resulting in the Ebenthali Civil War, he established a parallel government, and by not appointing a Grand Vizier, in his position as First Lord, he became the Acting Grand Vizier of his government, while also considering himself King, thus uniting, for the first time, the roles of head of state and head of government of Ebenthal. His regime, however, was not recognized internationally except by the Arabic Empire, and he was ultimately defeated. Similarly in 2019, during the Mateusian Crisis, the King, this time legitimate, Mateus I appointed the Earl of Lahad as Grand Vizier, but as the crisis escalated, the Allied governments failed to recognize the legitimacy of that government. With the end of the crisis, in September 2019, the Duke of Sternachten was appointed Regent of Ebenthal and appointed the Marquis of Savassi as Grand Vizier.

In 2020, however, the Duke of Sternachten, having been appointed Grand Vizier by the new King Arthur II was the last person to hold that office title, given that by Royal Decree the name of the post was changed to Premier, on May 20 of that year, remaining so until October, when he was again changed, this time definitively, to Prime Minister.

Competences

The constitution designates the Prime Minister as the co-head of the Government of Ebenthal and defines his competences as the highest exercise of authority in matters concerning the government aside of the monarch. The Prime Minister appoints and dismiss the Ministers of State, and co-ordinates the policies and activities of all government departments, and the staff of the civil service. The Prime Minister holds several other powers, including the casting vote in the case of a tie in the House of Councillors, he can create and regulate government agencies, propose bills and he is the head advisor to the Monarch. On the event of the Monarch's inability to exercise power, if he has not appointed a Regent, the Prime Minister automatically becomes Regent (it is the only constitutional case where the Premier enjoys full executive power as both sole head of government and acting head of state). In the possibility of the inexistence of a monarch, it is the prerogative of the Prime Minister or Regent to offer the crown to suitors.

The Prime Minister holds weekly audiences with the Sovereign. The extent of the Sovereign's ability to influence the nature of the prime ministerial advice is unknown, but presumably varies depending upon the personal relationship between the sovereign and the prime minister of the day. The Prime Minister, being a member of the House of Councillors, also takes part weekly in ordinary session and may be called to answer the questions made by the monarch, the parliament and the justice.

As co-head of government the Prime Minister is also de facto co-holder of the executive power, invested upon the Monarch by the constitution but exercised through the Prime Minister alongside with the cabinet on the Monarch's name.

Restrictions

It is out of the Prime Minister's competences to legislate over any matter concerning the crown except for those constitutionally defined. The Prime Minister has no authority over the country's awards and decorations, he cannot propose any bill on the subject of royal succession, marriage and protocol, he is binded by law to recognize all of the Royal Family's titles, treatments and all eventual changes on it, except on the monarch's full title (Article 119), he has no power to rule over noble titles.

The Prime Minister is obliged to accept the dismissal of any cabinet member by the monarch as well as any appointment, although this is very rare.

Appointment

The Prime Minister is appointed by the Sovereign from among the members of the party or coalition that holds the majority of seats in the House of Councillors, the lower house of the parliament. Typically the Prime Minister is nominated by the party or coalition he represents for the post and is formally appointed by the Monarch. However, this is not constitutionally required of the Monarch, who technically can appoint any member of the majority party or coalition.

However, the Prime Minister cannot be appointed among the members of a party that does not have a majority of seats in the chamber and is not in a coalition. If an opposing coalition has more seats in parliament than the ruling party, the Prime Minister can be appointed from the members of that coalition in order to avoid a minority government. Nevertheless, if the parties fail to form a coalition, the Prime Minister will be appointed from among the members of the party that individually holds the most seats in parliament, even if the other parties total more seats, thus forming a minority government.

At the appointment act, upon being requested to "form a government on His Majesty's name", the Prime Minister shall take an oath of loyalty to the constitution and the King of Ebenthal. From then on the appointed person shall enjoy the right of address of The Most Dignified and the title of Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Ebenthal.

The Prime Minister cannot hold any judicial power, but can serve any ministerial office concomitantly, although without the right to accumulate wages. Furthermore, under Article 19 of the Ebenthali Constitution, no member of the Ebenthali Royal Family can be appointed as Prime Minister, in order to prevent absolute dynastic rule.

List of Heads of Government

No. Name Portrait Office Party Sovereign
I The Marquis of Jännerarch Lesser Coat of Arms of Ebenthal.svg 13 August
2014
24 May
2015
Worker's Party Arthur I
II The Count of Luseff Lesser Coat of Arms of Ebenthal.svg 24 May
2015
9 January
2016
Conservative Party Arthur I
III The Count of Verdefort Lesser Coat of Arms of Ebenthal.svg 9 January
2016
21 October
2016
Conservative Party Arthur I
IV The Baron of Alfonsine Lesser Coat of Arms of Ebenthal.svg 21 October
2016
15 May
2017
Conservative Party Arthur I
V The Count of Balten Lesser Coat of Arms of Ebenthal.svg 15 May
2017
10 May
2018
Moderate Party Arthur I
VI The Count of Allesgüt Lesser Coat of Arms of Ebenthal.svg 10 May
2018
17 October
2018
Moderate Party Arthur I
VII The Marquis of Falkner Lesser Coat of Arms of Ebenthal.svg 17 October
2018
24 June
2019
Moderate Party Arthur I
VIII The Count of Lahad Lesser Coat of Arms of Ebenthal.svg 24 June
2019
27 September
2019
Conservative Party Mateus I
First Prime Minister criminally convicted
IX The Marquis of Savaßi Lesser Coat of Arms of Ebenthal.svg 27 September
2019
29 December
2019
Moderate Party The Duke of Sternachten
as Regent
X The Duke of Sternachten The Duke of Sion.png 29 December
2019
29 June
2020
Moderate Party Arthur II
Previous Head of Government as Regent
XI The Prince Fernando Prince Fernando.png 29 June
2020
08 March
2021
Conservative Party Arthur II
First royal to act as Prime Minister
XII The Duchess of Frumar The Countess of Wittiza.png 08 March
2021
08 September
2021
Worker's Party Arthur II
First woman to act as Prime Minister
XIII Henri Sãens Henrique Sãens.png 08 September
2021
present Moderate Party Arthur II
First commoner to serve as Prime Minister

See also

References