Prime Minister of Ebenthal
|Prime Minister of Ebenthal|
Primeiro-Ministro de Ebenthal
|Style||The Most Dignified|
|Term length||No term limits are imposed on the office|
|Inaugural holder||Adriano Moreira|
|Formation||15 August 2014|
The Prime Minister of Ebenthal (Portuguese: Primeiro-Ministro; formerly Grand Vizier of Ebenthal (Aug 2014-May 2020) and Premier of Ebenthal (May-Oct 2020)) is the constitutional co-head of government of the Kingdom of Ebenthal, and leader of the cabinet of ministries, appointing and dismissing its members. The Prime Minister is named by the King and do not serve a fixed mandate, leaving the office by resignation, dismissal by the monarch or motion of no confidence of the House of Councillors.
The constitution defined the Prime Minister's competences as the highest excercise of authority in matters concerning the government aside with the monarch. He is responsible for appoint and dismiss the members of the cabinet, oversee their activities and coordinate their work. The Prime Minister holds several other powers, including the deciding vote in the case of a tie in the House of Councillors, he can create and regulate agencies and propose bills and he is the head advisor to the monarch. On the event of the monarch's inability to exercise power, if he has not appointed a Regent, the Prime Minister automatically becomes Regent (it is the only constitutional case where the Premier enjoys full executive power as both sole head of government and acting head of state). In the possibility of the inexistence of a monarch, it is the prerogative of the Prime Minister or Regent to offer the crown to suitors.
The Prime Minister holds weekly audiences with the sovereign. The extent of the sovereign's ability to influence the nature of the prime ministerial advice is unknown, but presumably varies depending upon the personal relationship between the sovereign and the prime minister of the day. The Prime Minister, being a member of the House of Councillors, also takes part weekly in ordinary session and may be called to answer the questions made by the monarch, the parliament and the justice.
As co-head of government the Prime Minister is also de facto co-holder of the executive power, invested upon the monarch by the constitution but exercised through the Prime Minister alongside with the cabinet on the monarch's name.
It is out of the Prime Minister's competences to legislate over any matter concerning the crown except for those constituionally defined. The Prime Minister has no authority over the country's awards and decorations, he cannot propose any bill on the subject of royal succession, marriage and protocol, he is binded by law to recognize all of the Royal Family's titles, treatments and all eventual changes on it, except on the monarch's full title (Article 119), he has no power to rule over noble titles.
The Prime Minister is obliged to accept the dismissal of any cabinet member by the monarch as well as any appointment, although this is very rare.
The Prime Minister cannot be appointed from a minority party, that is, he cannot be a member of a party that does not have a majority in the chamber. If an opposition coalition has more seats together in parliament than the governing party, the Prime Minister may be appointed from the opposition to prevent the rule of a minority government. Nonetheless, if the parties fail to form a coalition, the Prime Minister will be a´pointed among the members of the party with the most seats, even if the other parties, together, form a majority, and thus allowing the rule of a minority government.
At the appointment act, upon being requested to "form a government on His Most Gracious Majesty's name", the Prime Minister shall take an oath of loyalty to the constitution and the King of Ebenthal. From then on the appointed person shall enjoy the right of adress of The Most Dignified and the title of Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Ebenthal.
The Prime Minister cannot hold any judicial power, but can serve any ministerial office concomitantly, although without the right to accumulate wages. Furthermore, under Article 19 of the Ebenthali Constitution of 2015, no member of the Ebenthali Royal Family can be appointed as Prime Minister in order to prevent absolute dynastic rule.
List of Heads of Government
|I||Raphael Sousa||29 December
|Moderate Party||Arthur II|
|Previous Head of Government as Regent|
|II||Prince Fernando of Negromonte||29 June
|Conservative Party||Arthur II|
|First royal to act as Premier|
|III||Gabriela, Countess of Wittiza||08 March
|present||Worker's Party||Arthur II|
|First woman to act as Premier|