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Government of Ebenthal
|Formation||11 August 2014|
|Founding document||Constitution of Ebenthal|
|Seat||Kings Palace, Gillisburgh|
|Legislature||College of Peers of the Realm|
|Meeting place||Nominally Gillisburgh|
|Main body||Royal Cabinet|
|Court||Tribune of Truth|
|This article is part of the series|
|Politics and government|
of the Kingdom of Ebenthal
|Tribune of Truth|
The Government of Ebenthal (Portuguese: Governo de Ebenthal), officially His Most Gracious Majesty's Government (Portuguese: Governo de Sua Majestade Graciosíssima), is the structure responsible for the federal administration of the Kingdom of Ebenthal. The current construct was established through the Constitution of Ebenthal in 2014, wherein the Ebenthali crown acts as the central piece of the federal and parliamentary politics, being thus the foundation of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the Ebenthali government. Further elements of governance are outlined in the rest of the constitution, which includes written statutes, court rulings, and unwritten conventions.
Ebenthal's politics are divided in three powers. A pecualirity is that Ebenthali constitution determines that both the Monarch and the Prime Minister are co-Heads of Governmet, with the executive power upon the two of them, even though it is activelly exercised by the latter. Although the constitution determines the city of Gillisburgh as capital, the government is divided between this city and Belmonte.
As per Article 1st of the Constitution, Ebenthal is a constitutional monarchy under a parliamentary system, wherein the role of the monarch is both legal, practical and political. The monarch is constitutionally designed sole head of state, interpreted as the own incarnation of the state, to whom all powers of the state are vested in, and from who all political powers as derived, at the centre of a construct in which the power of the whole is shared by multiple institutions of government acting under the sovereign's authority.
According to the constitution, the role of head of government is divided between the monarch and the Premier, and the practical politics work pretty much similar to a semi-presidential system. Thus the monarch is the sole responsible to sanction or vetoe laws enacted by the Conclave. As sovereign, the monarch have a limited participation in all the powers such as commute a sentence. The monarch's own powers also include summon, prorogue and dissolve the parliament at will. He's also responsible to name the Prime Minister, all the parliament members, as well as judiciary members. Negotiations and ratifications of treaties, alliances and declaration of war are also powers exclusive to the monarch.
The constituion defines that the executive power is vested upon and emmanates from the monarch, and is exercised mainly by the Prime Minister on the monarch's name. The Prime Minister and Monarch are deemed co-heads of government, sharing their portions of the executive power.
The Prime Minister is appointed by the monarch among members of the majority party in the College of Peers. Should no party hold a majority in the College, the leader of one party—either the one with the most seats or one supported by other parties—will be called by the monarch to form a minority government. Once sworn by the monarch, the Prime Minister holds office until resign or be dismissed by the monarch. His duties are to form a ministerial cabinet to rule the country's affairs cohesively alongside the College, much like the British Prime Minister.
The monarch, on the other hand, holds a fair share of the executive, being the sole responsible por the enactment of laws and holding the power to either dismiss or name any minister of the Prime Minister's cabinet.
The legislative power emmanates from the monarch and is vested upon the College of Peers of the Realm, the national unicameral legislature. This house holds 20 seats occupied by the country's most prominent nobles over appointment by the monarch plus the four sub-national ruling princes, therefore being aristocratic rather than democratic. The College appointed members, entitled as Peers of the Realm, serve life-long terms but they also can be removed at the monarch's will. The speaker of the house, entitled Lord Speaker, is nominally named by the monarch among the College's members, as well the Vice Lord, deputy-speaker.
Current composition of the College is made up of 16 voting seats, having from 1 to 3 Lords for each federative unit, depending on the population's numbers, plus 4 other seats for the rulling princes of the country's federative units. It's also reserved 2 seats for the better representation towards foreigners who acquire Ebenthali citizenship.
Another pecualiarity, based on the British system, is that, as for the Prime Minister is named among the majority party in parliament and names his government cabinet, the leader of the main opposition party automatically rises to the rank of Dark Lord of the Conclave and names his own shadow cabinet whose intent is to scrutinize the government's one and propose alternative ideias.
- Prime Minister is named by the King among the majority party to form a government cabinet; he's the head of the executive power.
- Lord Speaker is named by the King among the majority party to be the Speaker of the House.
- Vice Lord is named by the King among the the majority or the middle party to be deputy Speaker of the House.
- Dark Lord automatically risen as the leader of the main opposition party on the event of a Prime Minister nomination; his role mimick both the Premier and First Lord, where he serves as the opposition speaker and form a shadow cabinet, with no actual power, to scrutinize the government's one and make alternative proposals.
The sovereign is responsible for rendering justice for all his subjects, and is thus traditionally deemed the fount of justice, however, he does not have powers to personally rules judicial cases. Instead, this power is exercised on his name through the Tribune of Truth, the sole national court. It's composed by five members, being four Truchsess and one Seneschal, all named by the monarch. The Tribune is responsible for hear appelas, judge over the legality of parliamentary decisions or even the Royal Family's actions, judge military and government officers as well in any degree of law and ennact sentences. The monarch can, however commute the sentences.
Article 2nd of the Ebenthali constitution defines the country as a federation, composed of six mostly autonomous principalities plus the capital, with the status of Royal City, personally ruled by the monarch. These principalities and capital are called federative units. These units exercise absolute control over their organization and form of government, choosing even to possess or not it's own legislatures—even though they all possess legislative abilities, either versed on the regional monarch or the local parliament. These legislative abilities may only enact laws relating to topics explicitly reserved for them by the constitution, such as education, local officers, municipal government, charitable institutions, and "matters of a merely local or private nature", while any matter not under the exclusive authority of the unit's legislatures is within the scope of the federal parliament's power. Thus, the parliament at Belmonte alone can pass laws relating to, amongst other things, the postal service, the census, the military, criminal law, currency, banking, weights and measures, bankruptcy, copyrights, patents, foreing affairs, and naturalization.
Currently, of six federative units, three are constitutional hereditary monarchies (Belmonte, Aldiva and Negromonte), two of which enjoying of their own local legislatures (Belmonte and Negromonte), while another three are absolute monarchies (New Switzerland, Alvorada and Carlenburg). The Principality of Belmonte is the one case of a principality holds control over a sole city, thus being a city-state, therefore it has no townish administration, but the princely one solely. Yet, the title of Prince or Princess of Belmonte is reserved to the monarch's heir, who is entitled to rule that principality as part of the process for the future succession to the royal throne. Prevented from rule personally, a Regent can rule on his/her behalf. Apart from the principalities, the Royal City of Arturia is one more case of a city-state, where it is a single city but also a federative unit with unique status by not having a own government, thus being directly ruled by the monarch with absolute powers.
It is important to make clear that as of each federative unit has fully control over it's own structures of functioning, they can change their form of governments from monarchical to republican, if their regional laws allow it, at will. They can't, however, let other than nobles to occupy rulling offices, as the constitution states the whole system based on aristocracy.