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The legislature is a branch of the running of a nation with the power over legislation. The enacting and alteration of laws is the main duty of a legislature, but it may also be required to perform other tasks such as the election of the head of state, executive or government. Legislatures are usually unicameral (consisting of one chamber) or bicameral (consisting of two chambers), however, rarely, they are tricameral (consisting of three chambers).
In most bicameral systems, the lower house, despite its description of being "below" the upper house, is almost always the most powerful of the two chambers and almost always wholly elected. The upper house, meanwhile, is usually smaller, more restricted in power and designed to be a more deliberative body, and can be either directly elected (e.g. Australian Senate), indirectly elected (e.g. Indian Rajya Sabha), wholly appointed (e.g. Canadian Senate), a mixture of appointed and elected (e.g. Belgian Senate prior to 2014), or consist of members who hold seats by virtue of their position in society (e.g. hereditary and religious peers in the British House of Lords). These can hold office for a fixed term or, rarely, for life.
In countries with federal systems, it is common for the upper house to represent specific geographic areas, often equally in spite of population differences. This is the case for the United States Senate, where each state, regardless of population, returns 2 senators.
Legislatures can be known by many names. Names such as National Assembly, Congress and Parliament are most common. Likewise, there are many names for the individual Houses of the legislature. Senate is the most common name for an Upper House. Unicameral legislatures and lower Houses tend to have names such as Assembly, House of Representatives or Chamber of Deputies. Names are often related to the country, for example the prefix Bundes- (meaning "federal") is used in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, whilst the word Majlis (meaning "council") is common in Islamic countries.
List of micronational legislatures
- This list is incomplete. You can help by adding to it.
|Micronation||Legislature||Name of house(s)||House level||Voting system||Mandate||Seats|
|Ionix Empire||Imperial Representative Parliament||Bicameral||Representative Elections of Senate and Congress||10 years||1 (Juan Manuel Lafaurie is Agent of Ionix Empire and Senator of Ionix Empire) - Over 7000 (ZR-57)|
|Aariania||Grand Council||Unicameral||First-past-the-post||3 years||5|
|Abelden||Reichsversammlung||Unicameral||Party-list proportional representation||4 months||17|
|Adammia||Ruling Council||Unicameral||First-past-the-post||1 year||10|
|Aigues-Mortes||General Assembly||Unicameral||Self-appointment||No term limits||387|
|Andany||National Assembly||Senate||Upper house||First-past-the-post||6 years||11|
|House of Represntatives||Lower house||First-past-the-post||2 years||22|
|Angle-Saxish Kingdom||Parliament||Councillors' Assembly||Upper house||Appointed by head of state||For life||1|
|People's Assembly||Lower house||First-past-the-post||No term limits||3|
|Atovia||House of Commons||Unicameral||Single transferable vote||1 year||5|
|Austenasia||Parliament||Emperor||Emperor-in-parliament||Hereditary position||For life||1|
|House of Representatives||Unicameral||First-past-the-post||5 years||7|
|The Republic of Uniland||Unilandian Parliament||President||Autocrat||First-past-the-post||For Life||1|
|Azzurria||Light Blue Commission||Unicameral||Appointed by head of state||?||13|
|Federal Republic of Caddia||Parliament||Chamber of Laws||Unicameral|
|Esse||Parlamenzalochas||Unicameral||Appointed by head of state||No term limits||8|
|Evanoria||Parliament||Unicameral||Party-list proportional representation||1 year||5|
|Flammancia||Assembly of the Sea||Council of the Sea||Upper house||Mixed-member proportional representation||1 year||10|
|National Council||Lower house||Appointed by parties||1 year||1|
|Indokistan||National Forum||Unicameral||?||No term limits||4|
|Juclandia||Great National Assembly||Unicameral||Self-appointment||No term limits||159|
|Grand Imperial Empire of Lanzantonia||Parliament of Lanzantonia||House of Imperial Counts||Upper House||Emperor's Choise||Until Death||500|
|Federal Council of Advisors||Imperial House||Emperor's Choise||Until Death||No Set Limit|
|Emperor of The Grand Imperial Empire of Lanzantonia||Emperor in Government||Election Every Time an Emperor Dies||Until Death||1|
|House of Imperial Deputies||Lower House||Democratic Election||Election every Month||500|
|Most Serene Republic of Lemuria||Lemurian Parliament||Unicameral||Selected by Parliament||For Life||2|
|House of Commons||Lower house||?||?||?|
|Mcarthia||Parliament||Unicameral||?||No term limits||15|
|Mekniy||Council of State||Unicameral||?||?||10|
|Ohio Republic||Congress||Senate||Upper house||First-past-the-post||6 Months||4|
|House of Representatives||Lower house||First-past-the-post||6 Months||4|
|Paravia||Riksting||Imperial Council||Upper house||Appointed by head of state||6 months||3|
|Chamber of Delegates||Lower house||First-past-the-post||No term limits||11|
|Princess Anne Land||House of Representatives||Unicameral||First-past-the-post||No term limits||15|
|Sabia and Verona||Parliament||Unicameral||Party-list proportional representation||1 year||23|
|Silikia||Senate||Unicameral||Alternative Vote||1 Year, no limits|
|Shorewell||General Assembly||Senate||Upper house||Appointed by head of state||?||12|
|Chamber of Deputies||Lower house||?||?||12|
|sitiland||parliament||house of lords||upper house||appointed by head of state||for life||3|
|house of commons||lower house||first past the post, must be approved by king||1 year, no limits||3|
|council of representatives||court of delegates||kings advisory council||randomly picked by spinner||6 months||8|
|Kingdom of Sorrenia||Parliament||King's Council||Unicameral||First-past-the-post||No term limits||47|
|Ecclesiastic Court||Papal Directorate||Unicameral||Appointment by the King||for life||5|
|Überstadt||Parliament||Unicameral||Self-appointment||No term limits||4|
|Zenrax||Imperial Senate||Unicameral||Appointed by head of state||?||?|