Republic of Upper Shwartz Morgen Lorgen Land
| Republic of Upper Shwartz Morgen Lorgen Land|
Republika Górnego Szwarc Morgen Lorgen Landu (Polish)
Narodowy Hymn Republiki Górnego Szwarc Morgen Lorgen Landu
|Official religion(s)||Roman Catholicism|
|Short name||Republic of GSMLL|
|Legislature||Highest People's Congress|
|Time zone||(UTC)+1 – winter|
(UTC)+2 – summer
|Patron saint||St. Charbel Makhlouf|
The Republic of Upper Shwartz Morgen Lorgen Land, GSMLL (pol. Republika Górnego Szwarc Morgen Lorgen Landu) is a micronation founded on 2009 in western Poland. GSMLL is a republic with presidential system. Government of GSMLL has official representation office in Poland as non-profit organization. It names Towarzystwo Górny Szwarc Morgen Lorgen Land and has legal status as “ordinary association”.
There is no official position of what the name of the country means. Nevertheless, each word of the constituent parts is translatable. In the first years of the republic's functioning, there were five provinces (federal states) from which the name was derived. The government recommends that the abbreviation "GSMLL" be used in informal contacts.
The first documents mentioning the existence of the Republic of Upper Schwartz Morgen Lorgen Land date back to 2009. Foundation Day is a symbolic date, the exact date when the micronation was founded is uncertain. From the beginning of the Republic's existence, it has had a constitution, in a form of an encyclopedia with the most important facts about the micronation. After a period of inactivity, in 2012, the legal system of the Republic began to develop. Two years later, a new constitution was established to define the state system. The first website was also created. The first 7 years of Upper Schwartz Morgen Lorgen Land existence were focused on internal development. In 2017, the state's policy opened to international cooperation - the first two mutual recognition treaties were signed that year. At the invitation of the Mekniy government, the state became a member of the Union of Micronations of Central Europe. On Christmas Day 2019, the Republic of GSMLL ratified the Charter of the Grand Unified Micronational. After the Quorum on January 11, 2020, the Republic of Upper Schwartz Morgen Lorgen Land became an observer state in the Grand Unified Micronational. In connection with a series of state reforms, on July 24, 2020, the Highest People’s Congress envoys adopted a new constitution, which is modeled on the systems of many modern countries.
Politics and government
GSMLL voters elect parliament consisting of 5 members for two years. During the first meeting, members of parliament elect a Marshal of the Highest People’s Congress. He is the second-highest officer in the state and plays a significant role in the constitutional election of the President. In case of emergency, he substitutes for the President of GSMLL. The President of the Republic of Upper Shwartz Morgen Lorgen Land is elected every three years by the entire parliament.
Law and order
Republic’s governance is based on the separation of powers. There are three branches of government:
- Legislative is in hands of unicameral parliament named Najwyższy Kongres Posłanników Ludowych (The Highest People’s Congress). The main legislative body between sessions of the parliament is the Supreme Council. Members of this presidium are chosen from among its members.
- President is head of state and a single body of executive. He has also his own prerogatives, but important decisions in the state must be approved by the parliament.
- Juridical power belongs to the National Court. It has ultimate appellate jurisdiction over all state courts and it supervises the compliance of statutory law with the Constitution.
- Highest People's Congress
- Orders and decorations of the Republic of Upper Shwartz Morgen Lorgen Land