List of heads of state by diplomatic precedence

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Protocol holds that a head of state takes precedence over all other officials, and that heads of state rank in the order that they took office. The following list contains the heads of state for all micronations.

Commonwealth realms, other than the United Kingdom, each have a local governor-general appointed to represent the monarch in the realm's government. Governors-general are frequently accorded the status and privileges of a head of state at diplomatic events when considered as representing their absentee monarch, but not as themselves heads of state. Crown Prince Phillip is permanent representative for exercising the sovereign powers due to Pibocip King Philip Joseph Pillin. They are included in the list and are highlighted in blue.

However, in many cases it is not this neutral principle but national rules of protocol that are acted upon, usually by an international event's host nation, as in many bilateral and even certain multilateral occasions. Various international organisations have a system for internal use. Even in the presence of one or more Heads of State, certain occasions are governed by specific protocol, e.g. military. Thus in many cases precedence is given to monarchs over republican heads of state, mostly in monarchies.

In any case, an order of precedence must consist in a sequential hierarchy of nominal importance and can be applied to individuals, groups, or organizations, usually for very formal and state occasions, especially where diplomats are present. It can also be used in the context of decorations, medals and awards. Historically, the order of precedence had a more widespread use, especially in court and aristocratic life.

Despite a person's position in an order of precedence is not necessarily an indication of functional importance but an indication of ceremonial or historical relevance.[1] In fact, the issue of precedence among representatives, a long-term discussion since the fall of the Western Roman Empire was settled at the Congress of Vienna, an outcome that was arguably enabled by the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire. A "Regulation concerning the precedence of Diplomatic Agents", inspired by Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, was signed on 19 March 1815 and remained in use until 1961, when it was superseded by the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. The latter still allows the host state to establish its own rules of precedence.[2] But it was never reached a complete consensus.[3] Nowadays,a common practice is to establish precedence in meetings of heads of state by length of tenure, like the order of precedence established by the United Nations.


The current list is the general order of precedence for different micronations for state purposes, following the standards of the United Nations.

Title Name State Assumed office
Emperor Olivier I  Angyalistan 31 January 1999
President Kevin Baugh  Molossia 3 September 1999
King Philip Joseph Pillin  Pibocip 15 October 2005
Grand Duke Nicholas I  Flandrensis 4 September 2008
King Quentin I  Wyvern 27 October 2009
King Eran  Florenia 22 April 2011
Queen Carolyn I  Ladonia 2 June 2011
King Adam I  Überstadt 18 November 2011
Tsar Thomas I  Nolland 2 July 2012
Prince Michael I  Sealand 9 October 2012
Emperor Jonathan I  Austenasia 20 January 2013
Emperor Adam I  Adammia 13 April 2013
Sovereign Prince Vincent I  Hélianthis 1 June 2013
President Iordan Luca-Nicolae  Istria 13 July 2013
Stadhouder Lucas  Mauritia 24 July 2013
Imperial Grand Duke Julian I  Lundenwic 29 December 2013
Tsar [a] Stefan I  Great Lawl Reich 17 February 2014
Emperor [b] Leonardo I  Villa Alicia 29 September 2014
Emperor-King [c] Oscar I  Karnia-Ruthenia 19 November 2014
Emperor Patrick I  Paravia 29 November 2014
Archduke Christoph II  Mimas 30 April 2015
King Larry Martin  Waterside Park 6 June 2015
Prince Carlo I  Nossia 5 January 2016
President Briam Solis  Woultenland 26 February 2016
King Thomas I  Hrafnarfjall 13 May 2016
President[d] Raphaël Olivier  Georgienstine 26 December 2016
King [e] Petrus I  Winterspell 13 April 2017
King Connor I  Atovia 5 May 2017
King John I  Baustralia 20 June 2017
King Gerónimo II  Atlia 25 July 2017
Queen Amelia I  Lytera 21 August 2017
Prince Yannick I  Lochaber and Glencoe 25 August 2017
President [f] Benjamin Pickles  Benjastan 16 October 2017
Emperor Anthony I  Saspearian 20 October 2017
President Cristian Dobrev  Plushunia
Emperor William  Astovia 29 November 2017
President Seann Torres  New Rizalia 2 December 2017
Queen Catherine I  Kohlandia 30 August 2019
Regent [g] Zerorius Hiruko  Prudentianopolis 15 December 2019
King Arthur II [h]  Ebenthal 29 December 2019
Leader Su Yi-An  Eastasia 2 January 2020
President Anthony Barauskis  Tinland 17 January 2020
King Tom I  West Sayville 2 February 2020
Emperor Matthew I  Yu-Xia 3 February 2020
Prince Regent Prince Luis Marcel  Atlia 7 February 2020
Queen [i] Maria I  Sildavia 17 February 2020
High Bailiff Sepp Cervenius  Hak'hanna 8 March 2020
King Luke  Wellmoore 14 March 2020
President of Republic Leopold Deuff  Jailavera 20 March 2020
Great King Johannes I  Slitronia 11 April 2020
President Pun Watta  Orientia 13 April 2020
Emperor Thomas Marios I [j]  Ovrestlia 24 April 2020
King [k] Thomas Alexandre II  Fronecos 23 May 2020
Emperor Mauro I Charlynesia 25 May 2020
Emperor Nicholas II [l]  Abelden 29 May 2020
Emperor Francis Karma  Empire of Sayville 30 May 2020
Supreme Executive Andrew Franson  Adonia 7 July 2020
Emperor Arthur II  Sovietia 8 July 2020
Rashtradhyaksh Dhrubajyoti Roy [m]  Vishwamitra 29 July 2020
Chancellor[n] Nicholas von Kaos  Atovia 1 August 2020
King Maximilian I  Wynnland 1 August 2020
Prince William I  Hyeck 10 August 2020
President Silas W. Excelsiorflag.png Excelsior 28 August 2020
Jarls Juvan I  Hjalvik 29 August 2020
Keaghan I
First Secretary James Bornstein [o]  Desert District 1 September 2020
King Carson I  Northwood-Oregon 29 September 2020
Prime Minister [p] Gustavo Essedin Gamee  Angosvria 5 October 2020
Governor-General Guy Watts  Rhodesia 5 October 2020
Governor Quintus De Vitaliis  Graecia 12 October 2020
Queen Sarah I  Northwood-Oregon 10 November 2020
King and Prince-Primate Bruno I  Achsen 17 November 2020
Grand Duke of Litvania [q] Frederick Augustus  Cheskgariya-Litvania 29 November 2020
King Isaiah I  Burdette 3 December 2020
Lord Tony T. Williams  H.E.R. 8 December 2020
King Guilherme I Ítalo  Taslavia 16 December 2020
Emperor Aggelos I [r]  Imvrassia 25 December 2020
President Vân Tinh Nghiên Tuyết  Amazonia 28 December 2020
President Devin Purcell  Penn Federal Republic 31 December 2020
Governor-General Theodore Porter  Dominion of Sayville 9 January 2021
King Jonathan I  New Southern Rhine 17 January 2021
King Edward IX [s]  Queensland 12 February 2021
Governor-General Connor Shaw  West Canada 18 February 2021
Leader Connie Sarah  Caelesta 28 February 2021
Chancellor Zerorius Hiruko  Prudentianopolis 7 March 2021
Left Assistant Chancellor Nopporn Songsuksumphao
Right Assistant Chancellor Thanakrit Daeng-ed
President Luci  Malus 22 March 2021
King Kevin Doan  Blazdonia 5 April 2021
President Logan A. Medlin  North Dirigo 8 April 2021
King Brady I  Bradonia 16 April 2021
Grand Duchess Gabriela  Mëcklewmburg-Wladir 19 April 2021
King Sander II  Revalia 27 April 2021
President Ștefan Marius Snagoveanu [t]  Snagov 8 May 2021
President Juan Cisneros [u]  Aswington 29 May 2021
President Andrew Brotherton [v]  Roscamistan 23 June 2021
President Matthew P. P. Tonna [w]  Melite 1 July 2021
President Rafe Burfield  Norton 6 July 2021
Queen Rhiana  Novus Hierosolymis 11 July 2021
King Łukasz I  Krzakacja 4 August 2021
President James Murray  Avalonia 13 August 2021
Sovereign Lord Mayor David Brooke  Ameristralia
Prince Michael  Galte 24 August 2021
King [x] Charles I  Austranthium 24 September 2021
President Esty Carpentieri  Pinang 7 November 2021
Emperor Alexander I [y]  Atiera 21 November 2021
Sovereign Princess Cloe  Sancratosia 1 December 2021
Queen Monroe I  Indradhanush 1 January 2022
President Stephen Luke  Dracul 8 January 2022
Acting President Matthew Williams  Balinfoyleburg 13 January 2022
Regent Crown Prince Philip  Pibocip 14 January 2022
President Adam Pivetz[z]  Gymnasium State 7 March 2022
Regent[aa] Zerorius Hiruko  Prudentianopolis 18 May 2022
Acting President Matthew Williams  Balinfoyleburg 1 June 2022
King Luke I  Albia 12 June 2022

See also



  1. A Guide to diplomatic practice
  2. Rémi Landry (2010). "Turbulences et changements institutionnels au sein de la Société internationale : une perspective historique" (PDF). Université Laval. p. 156.
  3. Travers Twiss (1887). Le droit des gens ou des nations, considérés comme communautés politiques indépendantes. Paris. p. 323. 
  1. The head of state was titled King until 17 February 2015.
  2. The title of the head of state was President until 31 May 2016.
  3. He assumed the Ruthenian Crown in 19 November 2014, Grand Duke of Gaussland in 30 June 2015, King of Acrin in 15 December 2015, Emperor of Karnia in 10 March 2016, King of Cardonia in 01 January 2020 and succeded William I as North American Emperor in 07 August 2020, a title that would be reformed to Occidian Emperor and King of Eniarku in 01 October 2020. Some of these titles were exercised concurrently by Oscar I, but by December 2021, all were already gathered under the Karno-Ruthenian Emperor, a title that has existed since 16 March 2016.
  4. The head of state of Georgienstine has had various names throughout its history.
  5. The head of state of Winterspell was titled Lord until 10 December 2017.
  6. The head of state of Benjastan was titled King until 30 December 2017.
  7. Exercising duty of head of state on behalf of Quorum of Party
  8. Arthur II was the King of Roschfallen between 28 January 2014 and 29 December 2019.
  9. The monarch was titled Princess until 2 February 2021.
  10. Thomas Marios I was the Emperor of Ovrestlia between 8 December 2019 and 21 April 2020.
  11. The monarch was titled Prince until 29 August 2020.
  12. Nicholas II was the Emperor of the Abeldane Empire between 24 March and 16 June 2018.
  13. Dhrubajyoti Roy was Acting Rashtradhyaksh until 31 July 2020. He has been the head of state on several previous occasions.
  14. The Monarch and Chancellor of Atovia are both legally the heads of state, sharing the duties between them.
  15. James Bornstein has served as the First Secretary of Desert District between 10 June and 28 June 2020.
  16. The title of the head of state of Angosvria is Prime Minister.
  17. The Grand Duke of Litvania is the head of state and reigning monarch of Litvania and one of the two monarchs of the Union alongside the King of Cheskgariya.
  18. Aggelos I had served as the King and Prince of Imvrassia between 11 May 2011 and 5 November 2016.
  19. Edward IX had served as the King of Queensland between 3 January 2016 and 7 October 2017 under the regnal name of "George I", between 10 December 2017 and 29 April 2020 under the regnal name of "George III", and between 16 July 2020 and 20 October 2020 under the regnal name of "Albert V".
  20. Ştefan Marius Snagoveanu had served as the President of Snagov between 18 June 2020 and 4 May 2021.
  21. Juan Cisneros had served as the President of Aswington between 20 January 2019 and 20 February 2021.
  22. Andrew Brotherton had served as the President of Roscamistan between 18 February and 18 May 2021.
  23. Matthew P. P. Tonna was Acting President until 27 September 2021.
  24. The head of state was titled President until 1 December 2021.
  25. Alexander I had served as the King of Atiera between 30 May 2020 and 25 August 2021
  26. Adam Pivetz had served as the President of the Gymnasium State between 8 January 2018 and 5 March 2018 an between 4 November 2019 and 6 January 2020.
  27. As sole head of state