Imperial Grand Duchy of Lundenwic

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Imperial Grand Duchy of Lundenwic
Lundenwicflag1.png
Flag
LundenwicCoatofArms(small).png
Coat of Arms

Motto
Non Terror!
Anthem
Tchaikovsky - 1812 Overture
Capital city New Charter
Largest city Alderwick
Official language(s) English
Demonym Lundener
Government Unitary parliamentary absolute monarchy
- Monarch HIM, The Imperial Grand Duke, Julian I
- Prime Minister HG, General Michael Lewis, Marquis of New Charter
Legislature Parliament of Lundenwic
Established 28th December 2013
Population 15
Currency Imperial Pound (IP)
Time zone GMT

Official website

Lundenwic, officially the Imperial Grand Duchy of Lundenwic, is a secretive, landlocked micronation situated in the London Borough of Hounslow, United Kingdom, Torrvieja, Spain, Grímsey, Iceland and Wyoming, United States. It was founded on the 27th December 2013 and declared independence a day later on the 28th. It is currently comprised of three territories: Alderwick, Bedfunta and the capital New Charter. It also claims one autonomous territory, Isvik and a military base, Arco Meditteraneo. [1]

The Imperial Grand Duke acts as the head of state. They appoint the winner of the Lundenwic election as Prime Minister. The Prime Minister then appoints a cabinet, which forms the Parliament, with the approval of the Imperial Grand Duke. The constitution and declaration was approved by the first cabinet, commonly known as, the Provisional Lewis Cabinet.[2]

Lundenwic is a secular state with only one official language, English. However, it's culture is very diverse with influences from the UK, Ireland, Poland and Italy brought by the heritage of the founding members.

History

Pre-Independence

A portrait of the infamous highway Dick Turpin who 'worked' in and around Hounslow Heath
Lundenwic used to be a part of Hounslow Heath which has had major historical importance, originally crossed by main routes from London to the west and southwest of Britain. There are several historic references to Roman camps on or close to the heath. Continuous recorded history dates back to Norman times. Oliver Cromwell stationed an army there at the end of the English Civil War in 1647. James II camped his army there, and conducted military exercises and mock battles to try to intimidate the population in London. In 1793, Hounslow Barracks was built as part of the preparations to meet a possible French invasion. In the 17th and 18th centuries, the heath was notorious as the haunt of highwaymen and footpads, the most infamous of which is Dick Turpin.[3][4]

By 1900, the heath was still in use as a training ground for horse-mounted cavalry based at Hounslow Barracks, a gun shooting range, and adjacent army medical units including an isolation hospital. After the outbreak of World War I in 1914, Hounslow Heath Aerodrome was established, that developed to become a fighter aircraft defence and training base. In 1919, the aerodrome became the sole London Terminal Aerodrome, and hosted the first scheduled daily international commercial air services. In 1920, it surrendered its role to Croydon Airport, and closed. The heath was then again used for military training and a repair depot.[5]

Independence to Present

Lundenwic officially declared independence on the 28th December 2013.[1] The declaration and subsequent constitution was approved by the 1st Provisional Government. The Provisional government was then made official by the Imperial Grand Duke's 1st Imperial Edict. It is known as the First Imperial Government or the First Lewis Government. It was during this time that the first Acts and Bills came in law with the Imperial Grand Duke's assent.

Geography

Territories

Name Flag Annexed Population Associated Title
Territories
Alderwick Alderwickflag1.png 28 December 2013 2 Earl of Alderwick
Bedfunta Bedfuntaflag1.png 28 December 2013 3 Baron of Bedfunta
New Charter Charterflag1.png 31 July 2014
(Ratified 28 November 2014)
9 Marquis of New Charter
Autonomous Territories
Isvik FIsvik.png 29 May 2015 86 Baron of Isa
Military Bases
Arco Mediterraneo Arcoflag1.png 08 November 2014
(Ratified 28 November 2014)
Classified Colonel

Climate

Alderwick, Bedfunta and New Charter

The home territories has a temperate oceanic climate, similar to all of southern Britain. Summers are generally warm and sometimes hot and winters are generally cool and damp with little temperature variation. Snowfall does occur from time to time, and can cause travel disruption when this happens. Spring and autumn are mixed seasons and can be pleasant.

Climate data for New Charter (1981–2010, extremes 1948–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.2
(63)
19.8
(67.6)
24.2
(75.6)
29.4
(84.9)
32.8
(91)
35.6
(96.1)
36.7
(98.1)
38.1
(100.6)
35.4
(95.7)
29.9
(85.8)
20.8
(69.4)
17.4
(63.3)
38.1
(100.6)
Average high °C (°F) 8.1
(46.6)
8.4
(47.1)
11.3
(52.3)
14.2
(57.6)
17.9
(64.2)
21.0
(69.8)
23.5
(74.3)
23.2
(73.8)
19.9
(67.8)
15.5
(59.9)
11.1
(52)
8.3
(46.9)
15.2
(59.4)
Average low °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
2.1
(35.8)
3.9
(39)
5.5
(41.9)
8.7
(47.7)
11.7
(53.1)
13.9
(57)
13.7
(56.7)
11.4
(52.5)
8.4
(47.1)
4.9
(40.8)
2.7
(36.9)
7.5
(45.5)
Record low °C (°F) -13.2
(8.2)
-9.6
(14.7)
-5.1
(22.8)
-2.6
(27.3)
-0.9
(30.4)
1.5
(34.7)
5.6
(42.1)
5.9
(42.6)
1.8
(35.2)
-3.3
(26.1)
-7.0
(19.4)
-11.8
(10.8)
-13.2
(8.2)
Average Precipitation mm (inches) 55.2
(2.173)
40.9
(1.61)
41.6
(1.638)
43.7
(1.72)
49.4
(1.945)
45.1
(1.776)
44.5
(1.752)
49.5
(1.949)
49.1
(1.933)
68.5
(2.697)
59.0
(2.323)
55.2
(2.173)
601.7
(23.689)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 11.1 8.5 9.3 9.1 8.8 8.2 7.7 7.5 8.1 10.8 10.3 10.2 109.5
Sunshine hours 61.5 77.9 114.6 168.7 198.5 204.3 212.0 204.7 149.3 116.5 72.6 52.0 1,632.6
Source: [6]

[7]

Isvik

Despite the northerly latitude, the climate is generally mild, because of the North Atlantic Current, which brings warm water from the Gulf of Mexico.

Climate data for Isvik
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0.6
(33)
0
(32)
-0.6
(31)
1.7
(35)
4.4
(40)
8.3
(47)
9.4
(49)
10
(50)
7.8
(46)
4.4
(40)
2.2
(36)
1.1
(34)
4.12
(39.4)
Average low °C (°F) -5
(23)
-5.6
(22)
-6.1
(21)
-3.9
(25)
-0.6
(31)
2.8
(37)
4.4
(40)
5
(41)
2.8
(37)
0
(32)
-2.8
(27)
-4.4
(24)
-1.11
(30)
Average Precipitation mm (inches) 13
(0.5)
28
(1.1)
15
(0.6)
18
(0.7)
18
(0.7)
30
(1.2)
33
(1.3)
43
(1.7)
53
(2.1)
51
(2)
33
(1.3)
20
(0.8)
356
(14)
Source: [8]

Arco Mediterraneo

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot semi-arid (BSh).

Climate data for Arco Mediterraneo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 16.2
(61.2)
17.3
(63.1)
19.7
(67.5)
21.6
(70.9)
24.8
(76.6)
28.8
(83.8)
31.7
(89.1)
31.9
(89.4)
29.4
(84.9)
24.7
(76.5)
20.5
(68.9)
14.4
(57.9)
23.42
(74.15)
Daily mean °C (°F) 11.1
(52)
12
(54)
14.2
(57.6)
16.3
(61.3)
19.3
(66.7)
23.1
(73.6)
25.8
(78.4)
26.1
(79)
23.8
(74.8)
19.4
(66.9)
15.3
(59.5)
12.5
(54.5)
18.24
(64.84)
Average low °C (°F) 6.1
(43)
6.7
(44.1)
8.7
(47.7)
11
(52)
13.8
(56.8)
17.5
(63.5)
19.9
(67.8)
20.4
(68.7)
18.2
(64.8)
14.2
(57.6)
10.2
(50.4)
7.6
(45.7)
12.86
(55.15)
Average Precipitation mm (inches) 23.5
(0.925)
20.7
(0.815)
17.2
(0.677)
23.6
(0.929)
18.5
(0.728)
10.9
(0.429)
2.5
(0.098)
5.6
(0.22)
31.9
(1.256)
44.1
(1.736)
30.8
(1.213)
29.7
(1.169)
259
(10.197)
Average rainy days 13 11 11 9 8 5 3 3 5 9 11 12 100
Source: [9]

Government and politics

Lundenwic is a monarchy with constitutional provisions. The head of state is the Imperial Grand Duke, and according to the constitution of Lundenwic, they are a symbol of its unity and the guarantee of national independence.[10] The Imperial Grand Duke appoints the winner of the General Election as Prime Minister and then appoints all other ministers with the help of the new prime minister. The government created is known by the surname of the new prime minister and they are the one who organises parliamentary sittings.

The constitution was adopted shortly after the declaration of independence was signed by the provisional government. It is believed to have been based around the constitution of Luxembourg. The idea of the constitution was to name the first Imperial Grand Duke, but to also limit their power. The most important article is ARTICLE 35 which states 'All provisions of the Imperial Grand Duke require the countersignature of a responsible member of the Government'.[11]

Parliament

The Lundener unicarmeral Parliament consists of the Cabinet. There can be an infinite number of ministers and therefore an infinite number of members of Parliament. Ministers who haven't been in attendance at a sitting will be emailed all the proposals read and voted upon in the parliament. They then have the chance to vote on the proposals themselves. Their vote must be received within three days for it to count. Any time after that and it won't be recorded.[12]

Political Parties

Party Name Logo Members Short name Leader Foundation Date Position Seats in Parliament Members of Population
Communist Party of Lundenwic
PARTY SUSPENDED
CPLlogo.png 6 Communists Al Powell 20th June 2014 Far-Left
0 / 6
3 / 15
Democratic Reform Party DRPlogo.png 2 Democrats The Rt. Hon. Roberto Bruno MP 15th June 2014 Center-Left
1 / 6
1 / 15
Free Fascist Party LMPlogo.png 3 Free Fascists HG, General Michael Lewis, the Marquis of Charter 14th June 2014 Third Position
2 / 6
3 / 15
Independents N/A 3 Independent N/A N/A N/A
3 / 6
8 / 15

Law and Order

Imperial Courts of Justice and Military Tribunals

The only court is the Imperial Court of Justice in which the Imperial Grand Duke is the de facto judge in all cases, unless he has appointed a representative. The Imperial Grand Duke has the power to appoint other judges but to date has not exercised this right. While the Imperial Courts of Justice handles all cases in Lundenwic, it does not conduct military tribunals. Military tribunals are exclusively the responsibility of the Minister of Defence.[13]

Legal System

The Bill of Criminal Law is the primary source of law in Lundenwic. There is no system of judicial precedent, giving judges the power to use independent legal reasoning to make a decision. Because the judge is empowered to disregard previous judgements (either his own or of other judges) and may apply his personal interpretation of the Bill of Criminal Law to any case means divergence can arise in identical cases.[14]

Law Enforcement

Lundenwic currently has no police force which according to the Security and Defence Act 2014 means the Minister of Defence and the army are in charge of law enforcement. The crime rate in Lundenwic is extremely low, with no crimes having ever been reported.[15]

Military

Coat of Arms of the Imperial Armed Forces
The Imperial Grand Duke is the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Armed Forces. However, the Imperial Armed Forces is mainly run by two Generals. The first is the Prime Minister, Lord Gen. Michael Lewis, the Marquis of Charter who is nicknamed the 'Armchair General'. He is known to handle the paperwork, reports and intelligence side of the armed forces. The Minister of Defence the Rt. Hon. Gen. Emma Spencer MP is the second General. She handles all of the security, training and deals with the troops directly.
Rank Code Abbreviation No. Allowed Current Title Holders
Commander-in-Chief N/A N/A 1 Julian I, Imperial Grand Duke of Lundenwic
General IAF1 Gen. 2 HG, Gen. Michael Lewis, Marquis of New Charter
The Rt. Hon. Gen. Emma Spencer MP
Brigadier IAF2 Brig. Unknown
Marshal of Lundenwic
(Honorary)
IAF3 Mshl. Oscar I, King of Ruthenia
Colonel IAF4 Col. Col. Mick Lewis
Major IAF5 Maj. Unknown
Captain IAF6 Capt. Unknown
Lieutenant IAF7 Lt. Lt. Benny Ortiz
Private 1st Class IAF8C 1st Pvt. Unknown
Private 2nd Class IAF8B 2nd Pvt. Unknown
Private IAF8A Pvt. Unknown

[15]

Foreign Relations

Lundenwic remains a secular and secretive micro nation and as such has not had much contact with other nations/micro nations. Below is listed nations with which the Imperial Grand Duchy has signed a treaty:

  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Democratic People's Socialist Republic of Breckland - 06 June 2016

Mutually Recognised Nations

Unilateral Recognition

Culture

Lundenwic in the Microvision Song Festival

To be updated

References

Bibliography

  • Maxwell, Gordon S. 1949. Highwayman's Heath: The Story in Fact and Fiction of Hounslow Heath in Middlesex. Thomasons ISBN 1-899144-00-5
  • Sherwood, Tim. 1999. Coming in to Land: A Short History of Hounslow, Hanworth and Heston Aerodromes 1911-1946. Heritage Publications (Hounslow Library) ISBN 1-899144-30-7


External links