|This article contains information pertaining to a simulationist micronation, micronationalist or other element of micronational society or culture.|
| Universal Triumvirate |
For the sake of justice, we rise
Simulationist, mostly based out of the United States
|Official language(s)||British/American English|
|Short name||The Triumvirate, or UT|
|Government||Bicameral legislature: Executive Meritocracy, Administrative Democracy|
|- Major Executive||Lancelot Rice|
|- Speaker of the Administration||None incumbent|
|- Minor Executive||None incumbent|
|Population||4 (according to the Office of the Major Executive)|
|Time zone||Eastern Time (GMT - 4)|
|National animal||Great Horned Owl|
The Universal Triumvirate is a simulationist micronation founded on September 15, 2009, by the American idealist and philosopher Zerouh as a political and social experiment into forming a country that existed solely in cyberspace.
The use of the word "Triumvirate" in the title refers to the three original Runescape clans that founded it (the Triumvirate has since moved strongly away from Runescape following the passage of the Independence Act).
Main article: History of the Triumvirate
Government and politics
The Triumvirate Government is bound by the Triumvirate Constitution, which the Supreme Court often uses in civil trials to strike certain laws as unconstitutional.
|Houses||Executive Branch, Administrative Branch|
|Major Executive of the Universal Triumvirate||Lanclot Rice, Progressive Party |
|Minor Executive of the Universal Triumvirate||Andrew Hester, Union Party |
|Speaker of the Administration||Henry Gobar, Progressive Party |
|Members||Executive: 6, Administrative: 2|
|Executive Branch voting system||Meritocratic|
|Administrative Branch Voting system||Representative democracy|
|Executive Branch last election||2016-I - Lanclot Rice|
|Administrative Branch last election||2016-I - Henry Gobar|
The government is formed of a bicameral legislature; the two "houses" are the Executive Branch, elected meritocratically by nomination of a current Executive (a politician already in the Executive Branch), and the Administrative Branch, who are elected by popular vote.
The Executive Branch is responsible for creating all bills and legislature in the Triumvirate, and is loosely led by the Major Executive, who serves as the closest thing to a President the Triumvirate has, though there is a lot of argument over how strong the Major Executive's role should be.
The Administrative Branch exists as a "veto" branch - once a bill has passed the Executive Branch, it is handed over to the Administration, who also vote on it. In order for a bill from the Executive Branch, either the Speaker or the Underspeaker (formerly known as the Deputy Speaker) would have to table it. If either of them refrains from doing so, or the bill reaches the floor of the Administration but fails to achieve a majority vote, the bill fails and is sent back to the Executive Branch for re-writing or for scrapping in its entirety. Otherwise, the bill passes and becomes law.
No single party has ever obtained a majority in either Branch of the government.
Currently there are only two parties: the Progressive Party, led by current Major Executive Lancelot Rice, and the Establishment Party.
Members of the Administrative Branch
There are three separate types of election in the Triumvirate:
Major Executive Elections
Every Trimester, the Major Executive is required to surrender his office for re-election. At this point, any Executive who has remained in the Executive Branch for at least two months is then entitled to run. The Major Executive is meritocratically elected by the Executive Branch in a run-off election; Executives give their top two or top three favourite choices for Major Executive and then - should their top choice be eliminated by having the least votes - their second choice is then who they are considered to have voted for. Candidates are progressively eliminated through a series of rounds until eventually there is one candidate remaining who commands a majority (not a plurality) of votes.
There is one exception to the meritocracy rule on Major Executive election - the two Senators. The public are entitled to choose who their top choices for Major Executive are and the winner of this vote is the person the Senators are obligated to mark their vote for. Should the public's top choice for Major Executive be eliminated, their second choice is who the Senators then vote for and so on in this way.
Senators and Administrators are the only popularly elected officials in the Triumvirate. The Senators and Administrators who win the most votes win the seats available (two Senatorial seats and eight Administrative seats). The Senators are, interestingly, the only Executive positions elected by popular vote. The Speaker of the Administration is elected by the Administration from the Administrators who have seats.
To win an Executive election, one must be nominated to a particular role by another Executive. At this point, the following progression commences: 1) The prospective Executive must take a test to determine their general aptitude and understanding of Triumvirate law and the Procedural Rules of the Executive Branch (the document determining how Executives deliberate and propose bills, and so on), as well as writing a statement for Executive consideration. 2) The Executive Branch vote on whether to even consider the person in question for the role, based upon their general reputation. 3) The Executive Branch then receives the candidate's statement from Step 1), and further votes on whether to accept them based upon their statement and their test score. 4) If they are approved at this stage, then they are successfully elected to the post.
Law and order
The Supreme Court of the Universal Triumvirate is responsible for hearing all civil and criminal cases in the Triumvirate. The Supreme Court is presided over by the Judicial Branch, which in turn is overseen by the Chief Justice. The Chief Attorney, currently Alexander Buchanan, is responsible for representing the government whenever they are sued, for instance in the case of First Nation Consulting v. The Universal Triumvirate, in which the court ruled the income taxation system to be unconstitutional.
Members of the Judicial Branch
Law enforcement and policing
As there is no physical territory in the Universal Triumvirate, there is no real necessity for a police force as such. The Chief Attorney and the Department of Justice are responsible for arresting those who break what laws can be broken.
Triumvirate foreign affairs are operated by the Department of State, led by the Chief Ambassador, a position currently held de facto by the Major Executive.
- Pania following its independence as a result of the Desolaran Civil War
- The Occidental Coalition possesses a permanent treaty with along a mutual defense agreement
- Desolare Desolare was re-organized into a Triumvirate ally, Neo Desolare, by the Department of State following the conclusion of the Desolaran Civil War
- Mcarthia Bilateral recognition since 14 September 2015
- Paravia Bilateral recognition since 14 September 2015
- Imperial Grand Duchy of Lundenwic Unilateral recognition since 14 September 2015 in response to crisis involving communist uprising in Spain
Diplomatic relations now void due to inactivity
- La France Recognition during its time as a micronation; it is now inactive
- Yokai Recognition during its time as a micronation; it is now inactive
- Kid United Republic possessed a treaty with the Universal Triumvirate as of 15 August 2015, but this treaty was rendered null when the KUR was revealed to not exist.
Current and former enemies
- Desolare war declared on Desolare following a request for aid from President Thomas Armethol of Pania prior to the Desolaran Civil War
System of time
The Universal Triumvirate uses Eastern Standard Time (GMT - 6).
The Triumvirate calendar is subdivided into trimesters, periods of four months. These periods are referred to in the format (Year)-(Trimester); for instance, the second trimester of 2017 would be referred to as 2017-II. Every Trimester, the Major Executive, the two Senators and the entire Administrative Branch are re-elected.
Military and Intelligence
As an online micronation, the Universal Triumvirate does not possess a military as such; most security measures are implemented by the Department of Intelligence, currently led by Head of Intelligence Isabelle Pacem.
There was formerly a military Executive, the Military Representative, though this position, the War General - formerly Commander in Chief - and their Department, the Department of Warfare were abolished on October 17, 2011, following the wide success of the Military Abolishment Movement. All of the responsibilities taken on by this Department were transferred to then Head of Intelligence, Ascencia.
| Tri |
|Official users||Triumvirans, citizens of the Occidental Coalition|
|Central bank||Department of the Treasury|
The Universal Triumvirate's currency is the Tri. As a solely online micronation, industries capable of producing revenue for the government are few and far between, with the majority of businesses being legal firms (Dread & Feld, First Nation Consulting, et cetera), newspaper businesses (the last of which, Eden Publishing, went defunct after Jackson Eden's impeachment), and recruitment services (the most prominent being Prime Personnel).
Government financial policy is executed by the Department of the Treasury (abbreviated TDT).
The richest organization in the Triumvirate is the Government, though this title was formerly held by the Ehtya Trust, a trust responsible for operating and executing the various companies and assets of the Ehtya family, the formerly wealthiest family in the micronation - in total, the Ehtya family held over a third of the entire total amount of Tri in circulation prior to their disappearance.
The Department of Media, currently with no head, is responsible for all media efforts made by the Universal Triumvirate government. In the words of the Triumvirate's founder, Zerouh, the Department of Media exists to make the Triumvirate "look good" to the international community. The department is responsible for maintaining and operating the Triumvirate's subreddit, Twitter feed, YouTube channel and Facebook page alongside the Major Executive, as well as developing seals for government positions and portraits for Executives and Administrators. The Department (abbreviated TDM) is also responsible for maintaining the Universal Triumvirate National Chess Tournament, occurring once every Trimester.
Until recently, the Department of Media has been defunct, making the Head of Media a lone position responsible for Triumvirate media and graphic design.
There have been unofficial intimations that the Head of Media position is "cursed" - this is evidenced, some claim, by the preponderance of Heads of Media who have turned out to be spies or simply not proficient in their chosen career, both of which have led to numerous impeachments of Heads of Media in the past.
Jackson Eden, the last Triumvirate citizen to hold the post, also operated what was the only newspaper service in the Triumvirate, the Triumvirate Tribune, having bought out both of his competitors, the Triumvirate Media Corporation and Corporate Corporation, with the newspapers TMC and the Union Times, respectively.
There was an internet relay chat for the Universal Triumvirate, operated privately by Senator Henry Gobar's company Triumvirate Communications, now defunct.
- Universal Triumvirate Wiki - http://www.universaltriumvirate.wikia.com
- Immigration form - https://docs.google.com/forms/d/174O4UVKHdlKHrGJIla7co2nvrpd8pYDy05Sn0zK8BDM/viewform?c=0&w=1
- Forum (accessible by citizens only) - http://utriumvirate.boards.net
- Triumvirate Subreddit - https://www.reddit.com/r/universaltriumvirate