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Popular Union of Occitania
Union Populaire d'Occitanie (fr)
Casa dividida es casa perdida
Divided house is lost house (English)
The People's Parade
Map of the union
|Largest city||Aragon (size),|
Three Flowers (population)
|Official language(s)||French, Afrikaans (administrative and official language)|
Catalan, Lithuanian, and Spanish (official)
|Short name||Occitania, UPO/PUO|
|- President||Babou Chkaya|
|Established||15 September 2015|
|Area claimed||4,302 km² (without fields)|
|Population||51 (15 living abroad)|
|Time zone||(UTC -4)|
|This nation is a member of the International Agricultural Development Pact, of the GUM and a observer member of the MicroFrancophonie.|
Twitter Foreign's Affairs
Occitania, officially the Popular Union of Occitania and also known by the acronym UPO, is a self-proclaimed micronation based in Europe and located all around the world.
The micronation is an asymmetric federation, it means that the federal members (calls federal subject) have more or less autonomy, depending of their status. The federal subjects are grouped by "circumscription". Each of them elects one representant to the national parliament : the Vergadering. In Occitania, the parliament is the legislative and the excutive power, because the president is elected by him.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Government and politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Law and Order
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Foreign Affairs
- 9 Transport
- 10 Culture
- 11 In the Press
Occitania is a mixture of two words. "Occ-", comes from the surname of the occitan language calls "lenga d'òc" (language of oc). "-itània" means "land of' in latin.
- States of Lyudi, Maltemps, Medoc, Palmola and Shalom, Federal City of Babougrad, Sanctuary of All-Saints and the Territory of Verd.
Written texts in Occitan appeared in the 10th century: it was used at once in legal then literary, scientific or religious texts. The spoken dialects of Occitan are centuries older and appeared as soon as the 8th century, at least, revealed in toponyms or in Occitanized words left in Latin manuscripts, for instance.
Occitania was often politically united during the Early Middle Ages, under the Visigothic Kingdom and several Merovingian and Carolingian sovereigns. In Thionville, nine years before he died (805), Charlemagne vowed that his empire be partitioned into three autonomous territories according to nationalities and mother tongues: along with the Franco-German and Italian ones, was roughly what is now modern Occitania from the reunion of a broader Provence and Aquitaine. But things did not go according to plan and at the division of the Frankish Empire (9th century), Occitania was split into different counties, duchies and kingdoms, bishops and abbots, self-governing communes of its walled cities. Since then the country was never politically united again, though Occitania was united by a common culture which used to cross easily the political, constantly moving boundaries. Occitania suffered a tangle of varying loyalties to nominal sovereigns: from the 9th to the 13th centuries, the dukes of Aquitaine, the counts of Foix, the counts of Toulouse and the Counts of Barcelona rivalled in their attempts at controlling the various pays of Occitania.
Occitan literature was glorious and flourishing at that time: in the 12th and 13th centuries, the troubadours invented courtly love (fin'amor) and the Lenga d'Òc spread throughout all European cultivated circles. Actually, the terms Lenga d'Òc, Occitan, and Occitania appeared at the end of the 13th century.
But from the 13th to the 17th centuries, the French kings gradually conquered Occitania, sometimes by war and slaughtering the population, sometimes by annexation with subtle political intrigue. From the end of the 15th century, the nobility and bourgeoisie started learning French while the people stuck to Occitan (this process began from the 13th century in two northernmost regions, northern Limousin and Bourbonnais). In 1539, Francis I issued the Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts that imposed the use of French in administration. But despite measures such as this, a strong feeling of national identity against the French occupiers remained and Jean Racine wrote on a trip to Uzès in 1662: "What they call France here is the land beyond the Loire, which to them is a foreign country."
But from 1881 onwards, children who spoke Occitan at school were punished in accordance with minister Jules Ferry's recommendations. That led to a deprecation of the language known as la vergonha (the shaming): the whole fourteen million inhabitants of the area spoke Occitan in 1914, but French gained the upper hand during the 20th century. The situation got worse with the media excluding the use of the langue d'oc. In spite of that decline, the Occitan language is still alive and gaining fresh impetus.
The bosque de La Pardina del Señor, between Fanlo and Sarvisé. One of the most spectacular forests in autumn in Europe It became part of the County of Aragon, but in the early 9th century was held for five years by Amrus ibn Yusuf, the governor of Zaragoza, being retaken after his death. Sobrarbe was joined to the County of Ribagorza in the early 10th century through marriage to an heiress. However, in the late 10th and early 11th century, a series of incursions from the south left it disorganized and depopulated, and for a time it again fell under Muslim control. This was reversed by Sancho the Great of Pamplona, who reconquered the region in 1015, similarly extending his power into Ribagorza over the subsequent years. Whatever hereditary claim might have existed was subsequently brought to Sancho through his wife Muniadona of Castile, heiress to the Ribagorza counts. Sancho divided the territories he had united, and his third son, Gonzalo, was given the counties of Sobrarbe and Ribagorza. After the death of Gonzalo in 1038, his illegitimate half-brother Ramiro I of Aragon brought Sobrarbe and Ribagorza into his hands, creating the nucleus of the Kingdom of Aragon.
- Republic of Tagtabazar
Tagatabazar is located near the Venezuelan city of Valencia. The area was already inhabited in the fourth millennium BC. The inhabitants were mainly hunters and gatherers who might have already developed some elementary forms of agriculture. Between AD 200 and 1000 an important settlement was formed close to Lake Valencia. Around the year 1000, waves of migration started to come from the Orinoco river area, probably arriving along the Pao river. The fusion of previous settlements with these new populations gave rise to the Vacencioide culture. People in the area belonged mostly to Arawak groups. They were hunters and gatherers who also fished and grew maize and cotton. Their houses were built on artificial mounds in valleys that were often flooded by water from Lake Valencia. Archaeologists have found mostly pottery from that time. Valencia was founded by Captain Alonso Díaz Moreno on March 25, 1555 – as the locals are proud of reminding visitors, eight years before Caracas. It was the first Spanish settlement in central Venezuela and its official name was Nuestra Señora de la Asunción de Nueva Valencia del Rey. It was named after Valencia de Don Juan. The encomiendas put the Indians living in the region under the control of the Spanish settlers. They started to displace the native population from the most fertile land, but they also started intermarrying with them. Spanish conquistador Lope de Aguirre entered the city in 1561. In 1677 it was raided by French pirates, who burnt down its City Hall, thus destroying many very important documents about the early settlement of Venezuela. The German scientist Alexander von Humboldt visited the city on his trip through the Americas. He reported that at the time of his visit the city had around 6000 to 7000 inhabitants. On June 24, 1821, the battle of Carabobo was fought on the outskirts of the city, sealing the independence of Venezuela from imperial Spanish rule. Valencia became the capital of Venezuela in 1830, after it separated from Gran Colombia. It ceased to be the capital soon afterward, becoming once more the seat of the national government in 1858 after the Monagas was toppled and the March Revolution took place. On November 15, 1892, the University of Valencia, future University of Carabobo, was founded. When dictator Juan Vicente Gómez died in 1935, Nueva Valencia del Rey was a small city. The oil revenues and industrialization that came along lead to a population explosion. Many immigrants, firstly from Europe and increasingly then from other Latin American countries, chose Nueva Valencia del Rey as the place to live in Venezuela. The first direct election of local governments (including those of the mayor and of the state's government) took place in 1988. Valencia was one of the places where Hugo Chávez's proposal for the constitutional reform was rejected with the highest proportion of votes: around 59.21% of the population rejected it.
Popular Union of Occitania
The occcitanian needs to have an Indoor passport for each federal subject crossing.
The union is divided into seven federal subjects system:
- State: classical federal subject, governed by a governor or by the Vergadering appointed by the President. The State has a great autonomy
- Territory: federal subject reserved for agriculture, governed by a governor or by the Vergadering
- Federal City: federal subject, governed by the president
- Republic: federal subject who has great cultural differences with the rest of the country. Each republic sign a union treaty. The local president is elected by the people.
- Palatinate: area ruled by a hereditary governor possessing special authority and autonomy from the rest of the union.
- Autonomous Oblast: classical federal subject, governed by an elected governor.
- Sanctuary: place where a saint is located, governed by the Holy Violet Church.
|Highland||0||0,020m²||English, Scottish Gaelic||British Isles||HG|
Kambagrad is located in
the Lituanian city of Pasvalys
Monkey Bay is located in
the city of Gibraltar
|New-Ingolstadt||0||302m²||French, Spanish, German||Iberia||IT|
|Republic of Tagtabazar||2||100m²||Spanish||South America||TZ|
|Republic of Three Flowers||14||308m²||Catalan||Iberia||RTF|
|Autonomous Bayarri Oblast||2||96m²||Catalan||Iberia||BY|
|Nata River Oblast||~30|
|Autonomous Aragon Oblast||~10|
|Kraï of Lyudi||~ 10 000|
Government and politics
The occitanian politic life is dominated by Esquerra! but the new small parties play an important role.
|Linden's Revised System of Classification|| 4.6 (2017)|
|Matthew's Democracy System of classification|| 4.25 (2017)|
|Dresner's System of Classification|| 4.4 (2017)|
|Party Name||Emblem||Short Name||Leader(s)||Position||Colours||Seats in the Vergadering||Governors||Government||Ambassadors|
Union Pabliste (FR)
Pablistas Union (EN)
|UP||Jorge de Antillón||Right-center||Orange|
Parti des Industriels et des Paysans (FR)
Party of Industrialists and Peasants (EN)
|PIP||Juan Cisneros||Social Democratic||Orange|
Parti Communiste-Nationaliste Galicien (FR)
Communist-Galician Nationalist Party (EN)
|PCNG||Lorena Serantes||Marxism-leninism, Galician nationalism||Red|
Parti de l'Union de la Droite (FR)
United Right Party (EN)
In Occitania, every six monthes, the people elect their representatives by constituency. The representatives seats in the Vergadering. After the parliamentary elections, the deputies elects the President.
- Agriculture - responsible for the production, marketing, processing and merchandising of agricultural products and food.
- Catalan minority - responsible for ensuring respect for and promotion of the Catalan minority.
- Culture - in charge of national museums and monuments; promoting and protecting the arts (visual, plastic, theatrical, musical, dance, architectural, literary, televisual and cinematographic) in Occitania and abroad; and managing the national archives. The Ministry of Culture is also charged with maintaining the national identity.
- Education and Science - responsible of the education and the inovation, sciences and nature.
- International negotiations - responsible of the diplomacy and international discussions and negociations.
- Medias and Telecommunication - responsible of the national telecommunication and public medias.
- Opposition - represents the main opposition party in the government, to guarantee the democracy of the country.
- Spaniard minority - responsible for ensuring respect for and promotion of the Spainard minority.
Members of the Government
The occitanian economy is broadly-based on the agriculture.
Law and Order
The Civil Guard is the law enforcement agency in the Popular Union of Occitania. The Civil Guard is in charge of investigations, road traffic and behavior monitoring. The security and the defense is in charge of the People's Army of Occitania. The Okhrana is the occitanian intelligence agency.
Each federal subject is competent in criminal matters. Local judges appointed by the governors set penalties according to case law. The Federal Court of Babougrad is competent for web-crimes.
Occitania has set up three civil protection services :
- INSO: national security alert system (occitanian DEFCON)
- Weather Alert
- Tseva Adom - national siren system
Citizens living abroad
|Flag||Country||Number of citizens living here|
(*) The Union doesn't recognizes Algeria.
The Popular Union of Occitania has organized the Slavic Music Festival. The PUO participate at the Microvision 2016 and Occitania finished second, four points below the winner. The country will participate at the Microvision 2017.
The secret of religions being a constitutional law, no religious recesement are avaible. Nevertheless, the majority of the occitanians defined themselves as Roman Catholic. The official state-religion is Violetism.
There are five medias in the country, all members of Occitanian Media Group. The national TV channel is TV OC. The national news website is Occitania Herald. There is also a public television channel and a radio station, which are under development.
The Occitanian Football Team represents Occitania in the football's world.
Events organized in Occitania
|2015,2016||Slavic Music Festival|
|2016||Microvision||2/9||Ex æquo with Antares|
|New Year||1 January||Nonworking day|
|Day of universal peace||9 January||Begin of persecution against Nougara|
|Yom HaShoah||20 May 2017||Moment of silence ( Working Day )|
|International Workers' Day||1 May||Nonworking day|
|Peace days||8-9 May||Nonworking day|
|Europe day||May||Nonworking day|
|Oradour's day||10 June||Moment of silence ( Working Day )|
|People's Army days||17 and 18 July||Nonworking day|
|Albigensian's day||1 August||Moment of silence ( Working Day )|
|Mother violet day||4 August||Celebration of the violet god/Nonworking day|
|Day of the Catalan brothers||11 September||Nonworking day (except in Three Flowers)|
|Catalonian day||11 September||Nonworking day (only in Three Flowers)|
|National Day||15 September||Nonworking day|
|Revelation Day||6 November||Revelation of the Holy Violet Church/Nonworking day|
|26 and 27 July 2016||2016 Normandy church attack|
|12, 13 and 14 December 2016||Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral bombing|
|30 June 2017||Death of Simone Veil|
Orders, decorations, and medals
In the Press
- Le Figaro (fr) - Mentioned on a map.
- Jean-Pierre JUGE (2001) Petit précis – Chronologie occitane – Histoire & civilisation, p. 19
- Frederic Mistral, Lou Tresor dóu Felibrige ou Dictionnaire provençal-français embrassant les divers dialectes de la langue d'oc moderne (1878–1886), vol. I, p. 1182: "Le poète Racine écrivait d'Uzès en 1662: «Nous appelons ici «la France» tout le pays qui est au-delà de la Loire. Celui-ci passe comme une province étrangère.»"
- Joseph Anglade, Grammaire de l'ancien provençal ou ancienne langue d'oc, 1921: La Langue d'Oc est parlée actuellement par douze ou quatorze millions de Français ("Occitan is now spoken by twelve or fourteen million French citizens").