Popular Union of Occitania

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Not to be confused with Occitania, historical region in southern Europe and Occitanie, administrative region of France.

Popular Union of Occitania
Union Populaire d'Occitanie (fr)



Azerty.png2017-05-08 162908.png

Motto
Casa dividida es casa perdida
Divided house is lost house (English)
Anthem
The People's Parade
MAPPPPYP.png
Map of the union
Capital city Babougrad
Largest city Aragon (size),
Three Flowers (population)
Official language(s) French, Afrikaans (administrative and official language)
Catalan, Lithuanian, and Spanish (official)
Official religion(s) Violetism
Short name Occitania, UPO/PUO
Demonym Occitanian
Government Chkaya II
- President Babou Chkaya
Established 15 September 2015
Area claimed 4,302 km² (without fields)
Population 51 (15 living abroad)
Currency Occitanian Franc
Time zone (UTC -4)
(UTC +1)
(UTC +2)
(UTC +9)
National sport Football
This nation is a member of the International Agricultural Development Pact, of the GUM and a observer member of the MicroFrancophonie.

Twitter Foreign's Affairs


Occitania, officially the Popular Union of Occitania and also known by the acronym UPO, is a self-proclaimed micronation based in Europe and located all around the world.

The micronation is an asymmetric federation, it means that the federal members (calls federal subject) have more or less autonomy, depending of their status. The federal subjects are grouped by "circumscription". Each of them elects one representant to the national parliament : the Vergadering. In Occitania, the parliament is the legislative and the excutive power, because the president is elected by him.

Etymology

Occitania is a mixture of two words. "Occ-", comes from the surname of the occitan language calls "lenga d'òc" (language of oc). "-itània" means "land of' in latin.

History

Background

French part

Written texts in Occitan appeared in the 10th century: it was used at once in legal then literary, scientific or religious texts. The spoken dialects of Occitan are centuries older and appeared as soon as the 8th century, at least, revealed in toponyms or in Occitanized words left in Latin manuscripts, for instance.

"Speak French Be Clean" written across the wall of a Southern French school

Occitania was often politically united during the Early Middle Ages, under the Visigothic Kingdom and several Merovingian and Carolingian sovereigns. In Thionville, nine years before he died (805), Charlemagne vowed that his empire be partitioned into three autonomous territories according to nationalities and mother tongues: along with the Franco-German and Italian ones, was roughly what is now modern Occitania from the reunion of a broader Provence and Aquitaine.[1] But things did not go according to plan and at the division of the Frankish Empire (9th century), Occitania was split into different counties, duchies and kingdoms, bishops and abbots, self-governing communes of its walled cities. Since then the country was never politically united again, though Occitania was united by a common culture which used to cross easily the political, constantly moving boundaries. Occitania suffered a tangle of varying loyalties to nominal sovereigns: from the 9th to the 13th centuries, the dukes of Aquitaine, the counts of Foix, the counts of Toulouse and the Counts of Barcelona rivalled in their attempts at controlling the various pays of Occitania.

Occitan literature was glorious and flourishing at that time: in the 12th and 13th centuries, the troubadours invented courtly love (fin'amor) and the Lenga d'Òc spread throughout all European cultivated circles. Actually, the terms Lenga d'Òc, Occitan, and Occitania appeared at the end of the 13th century.

But from the 13th to the 17th centuries, the French kings gradually conquered Occitania, sometimes by war and slaughtering the population, sometimes by annexation with subtle political intrigue. From the end of the 15th century, the nobility and bourgeoisie started learning French while the people stuck to Occitan (this process began from the 13th century in two northernmost regions, northern Limousin and Bourbonnais). In 1539, Francis I issued the Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts that imposed the use of French in administration. But despite measures such as this, a strong feeling of national identity against the French occupiers remained and Jean Racine wrote on a trip to Uzès in 1662: "What they call France here is the land beyond the Loire, which to them is a foreign country."[2]

In 1789, the revolutionary committees tried to re-establish the autonomy of the "Midi" regions: they used the Occitan language, but the Jacobin power neutralized them.

The 19th century witnessed a strong revival of the Occitan literature and the writer Frédéric Mistral was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1904.

But from 1881 onwards, children who spoke Occitan at school were punished in accordance with minister Jules Ferry's recommendations. That led to a deprecation of the language known as la vergonha (the shaming): the whole fourteen million inhabitants of the area spoke Occitan in 1914,[3] but French gained the upper hand during the 20th century. The situation got worse with the media excluding the use of the langue d'oc. In spite of that decline, the Occitan language is still alive and gaining fresh impetus.

Aragon's part

Sobrarbe was one of the Christian principalities of the Marca Hispanica, with obscure origins. Legend says there was a Kingdom of Sobrarbe, where a cross appeared upon a tree Latin: Supra Arbore.

The bosque de La Pardina del Señor, between Fanlo and Sarvisé. One of the most spectacular forests in autumn in Europe It became part of the County of Aragon, but in the early 9th century was held for five years by Amrus ibn Yusuf, the governor of Zaragoza, being retaken after his death. Sobrarbe was joined to the County of Ribagorza in the early 10th century through marriage to an heiress. However, in the late 10th and early 11th century, a series of incursions from the south left it disorganized and depopulated, and for a time it again fell under Muslim control. This was reversed by Sancho the Great of Pamplona, who reconquered the region in 1015, similarly extending his power into Ribagorza over the subsequent years. Whatever hereditary claim might have existed was subsequently brought to Sancho through his wife Muniadona of Castile, heiress to the Ribagorza counts. Sancho divided the territories he had united, and his third son, Gonzalo, was given the counties of Sobrarbe and Ribagorza. After the death of Gonzalo in 1038, his illegitimate half-brother Ramiro I of Aragon brought Sobrarbe and Ribagorza into his hands, creating the nucleus of the Kingdom of Aragon.

Venezuelan part

Tagatabazar is located near the Venezuelan city of Valencia. The area was already inhabited in the fourth millennium BC. The inhabitants were mainly hunters and gatherers who might have already developed some elementary forms of agriculture. Between AD 200 and 1000 an important settlement was formed close to Lake Valencia. Around the year 1000, waves of migration started to come from the Orinoco river area, probably arriving along the Pao river. The fusion of previous settlements with these new populations gave rise to the Vacencioide culture. People in the area belonged mostly to Arawak groups. They were hunters and gatherers who also fished and grew maize and cotton. Their houses were built on artificial mounds in valleys that were often flooded by water from Lake Valencia. Archaeologists have found mostly pottery from that time. Valencia was founded by Captain Alonso Díaz Moreno on March 25, 1555 – as the locals are proud of reminding visitors, eight years before Caracas. It was the first Spanish settlement in central Venezuela and its official name was Nuestra Señora de la Asunción de Nueva Valencia del Rey. It was named after Valencia de Don Juan. The encomiendas put the Indians living in the region under the control of the Spanish settlers. They started to displace the native population from the most fertile land, but they also started intermarrying with them. Spanish conquistador Lope de Aguirre entered the city in 1561. In 1677 it was raided by French pirates, who burnt down its City Hall, thus destroying many very important documents about the early settlement of Venezuela. The German scientist Alexander von Humboldt visited the city on his trip through the Americas. He reported that at the time of his visit the city had around 6000 to 7000 inhabitants. On June 24, 1821, the battle of Carabobo was fought on the outskirts of the city, sealing the independence of Venezuela from imperial Spanish rule. Valencia became the capital of Venezuela in 1830, after it separated from Gran Colombia. It ceased to be the capital soon afterward, becoming once more the seat of the national government in 1858 after the Monagas was toppled and the March Revolution took place. On November 15, 1892, the University of Valencia, future University of Carabobo, was founded. When dictator Juan Vicente Gómez died in 1935, Nueva Valencia del Rey was a small city. The oil revenues and industrialization that came along lead to a population explosion. Many immigrants, firstly from Europe and increasingly then from other Latin American countries, chose Nueva Valencia del Rey as the place to live in Venezuela. The first direct election of local governments (including those of the mayor and of the state's government) took place in 1988. Valencia was one of the places where Hugo Chávez's proposal for the constitutional reform was rejected with the highest proportion of votes: around 59.21% of the population rejected it.

Popular Union of Occitania

Geography

Federal Subjects

The occcitanian needs to have an Indoor passport for each federal subject crossing.

The union is divided into seven federal subjects system:

  • State: classical federal subject, governed by a governor or by the Vergadering‎‎ appointed by the President. The State has a great autonomy
  • Territory: federal subject reserved for agriculture, governed by a governor or by the Vergadering‎‎
  • Federal City: federal subject, governed by the president
  • Republic: federal subject who has great cultural differences with the rest of the country. Each republic sign a union treaty. The local president is elected by the people.
  • Palatinate: area ruled by a hereditary governor possessing special authority and autonomy from the rest of the union.
  • Autonomous Oblast: classical federal subject, governed by an elected governor.
  • Sanctuary: place where a saint is located, governed by the Holy Violet Church.
Picture Name Population Superficy Local language(s) Circumscription Code
States
800px-IPHONE308 49MINI.jpg Araggggooon.png Aragon 0 964m² Spanish Iberia AG
2017-07-09 190933.png 53p0LJUy.jpg Carpetania 2 91m² Spanish Iberia CA
Highland.jpg OScotland.png Highland 0 0,020m² English, Scottish Gaelic British Isles HG
Himeji.png Himaji.png Himeji 4 470m² Japanese Cipango HM
Pasvalys, riboženklis.JPG
Kambagrad is located in
the Lituanian city of Pasvalys
FlagKambagrad.png Kambagrad 1 ~120m² Lithuanian Baltic KG
Bois-de-limayrac-toulouse.jpg 2NFNFUF89F94658.png Lyudi 0 859m² French Midi-Gironde YD
2017-07-09 173845.png Maltemps.png Maltemps 0 224m² French, Occitan Midi-Gironde MT
2017-07-09 181952.png Medoc.png Medoc 3 063m² French, Spanish Midi-Gironde MD
Tvyvy3.jpg
Monkey Bay is located in
the city of Gibraltar
MonkeyBat.png Monkey Bay 0 33m² English Iberia KY
337px-IPHONE308 492MINI.jpg Rioddnat.svg.png Nata River 0 246m² Spanish Iberia RN
800px-IPHONE308 487MINI.jpg 2016-07-28 194658.jpg New-Ingolstadt 0 302m² French, Spanish, German Iberia IT
450px-MAP453PPPYPMINI.jpg Flag of the Novolitova.svg.png Novolitova 0 120m² Lithuanian Septemtrio NL
Osloviaa.jpg 500px-Flag of Oslovia.svg.png Oslovia 1 10m² Norwegian Scandinavia OV
2017-07-09 173535.png Palmola.png Palmola 1 052m² French, Spanish Midi-Gironde PM
20170705 184818.jpg LOOKS.jpg Shalom 3 031m² French, Hebrew Midi-Gironde SH
Territories
PVERD.jpg TVerd.jpg Verd 0 123m² French, Occitan Midi VD
Cities
Flag Oranje.png Babougrad 2 046m² French, Afrikaans Midi OJ
Republics
Flag of Tagtabazar.png Republic of Tagtabazar 2 100m² Spanish South America TZ
Cata.png Republic of Three Flowers 14 308m² Catalan Iberia RTF
Autonomous Oblasts
SvLuTUCR.jpg Autonomous Bayarri Oblast 2 96m² Catalan Iberia BY
Sanctuaries
20170621 100230.jpg SvLuTUCR983N.png All-Saints 0 42m² French Midi ST

Google Earth Map

Tourism

Occitania is one of the most visited micronations. Only three federal subjects are opened for tourism : Nata River Oblast, Autonomous Aragon Oblast and Kraï of Lyudi. They are all in free access.

Federal Subject Attendance
Nata River Oblast ~30
Autonomous Aragon Oblast ~10
Kraï of Lyudi ~ 10 000

Government and politics

The occitanian politic life is dominated by Esquerra! but the new small parties play an important role.

Name Index
Linden's Revised System of Classification 4.6 (2017)
high
Matthew's Democracy System of classification 4.25 (2017)
high
Dresner's System of Classification 4.4 (2017)
high
Party Name Emblem Short Name Leader(s) Position Colours Seats in the Vergadering Governors Government Ambassadors
Esquerra! 2017-05-14 181417.png EQ! Babou Chkaya Left-wing Pink
2 / 4
13 / 21
3 / 8
0 / 2

Union Pabliste (FR)
Pablistas Union (EN)
Q2k3eEgzNbf .jpeg UP Jorge de Antillón Right-center Orange
0 / 4
1 / 21
1 / 8
0 / 2

Parti des Industriels et des Paysans (FR)
Party of Industrialists and Peasants (EN)
Qk3egzNbf .png PIP Juan Cisneros Social Democratic Orange
1 / 4
2 / 21
2 / 8
1 / 2

Parti Communiste-Nationaliste Galicien (FR)
Communist-Galician Nationalist Party (EN)
Pc-ng.png PCNG Lorena Serantes Marxism-leninism, Galician nationalism Red
0 / 4
0 / 21
1 / 8
1 / 2

Parti de l'Union de la Droite (FR)
United Right Party (EN)
United Right Party logo.png URP Edwin Farrar Right-wing Blue
0 / 4
1 / 21
0 / 8
0 / 2

Independents
N/A IND N/A N/A Grey
1 / 4
4 / 21
1 / 8
0 / 2

Government

In Occitania, every six monthes, the people elect their representatives by constituency. The representatives seats in the Vergadering. After the parliamentary elections, the deputies elects the President.

The President is the leader of the parliamentarian majority and the head of the government. He chooses his ministers. He is also the chief of armies and Primate of the Holy Violet Church.

Ministries

  • Agriculture - responsible for the production, marketing, processing and merchandising of agricultural products and food.
  • Catalan minority - responsible for ensuring respect for and promotion of the Catalan minority.
  • Culture - in charge of national museums and monuments; promoting and protecting the arts (visual, plastic, theatrical, musical, dance, architectural, literary, televisual and cinematographic) in Occitania and abroad; and managing the national archives. The Ministry of Culture is also charged with maintaining the national identity.
  • Education and Science - responsible of the education and the inovation, sciences and nature.
  • International negotiations - responsible of the diplomacy and international discussions and negociations.
  • Medias and Telecommunication - responsible of the national telecommunication and public medias.
  • Opposition - represents the main opposition party in the government, to guarantee the democracy of the country.
  • Spaniard minority - responsible for ensuring respect for and promotion of the Spainard minority.

Members of the Government

Economy

The occitanian economy is broadly-based on the agriculture.

Law and Order

The Civil Guard is the law enforcement agency in the Popular Union of Occitania. The Civil Guard is in charge of investigations, road traffic and behavior monitoring. The security and the defense is in charge of the People's Army of Occitania. The Okhrana is the occitanian intelligence agency. Each federal subject is competent in criminal matters. Local judges appointed by the governors set penalties according to case law. The Federal Court of Babougrad is competent for web-crimes.

Occitania has set up three civil protection services :

Demographics

Population

The population of Occitania is 45. The most populated federal subject is Three Flowers. One can become Occitan by completing a form.

Citizens living abroad

World's map. Countries colored red are those where Occitans live
Map of France
  One Occitanian
Flag Country Number of citizens living here
Flag of Algeria.png Algeria* 1
Flag of Belgium.png Belgium 2
CoriaFlag.png Coria 2
Flag of Croatia.png Croatia 1
Flag of France.png France 3
Flag of Serbia.svg.png Serbia 1
Flag of Spain.svg.png Spain 2
Unionflag.png United Kingdom 1
Flag of the United States.png United States 1
Flag of Venezuela.png Venezuela 2

(*) The Union doesn't recognizes Algeria.


Language

French is one of the official language and the only administrative. The others official languages recognized by the constitution are Catalan, Lithuanian, and Spanish.

Foreign Affairs

The Popular Union of Occitania opened 44 diplomatic relations, 1 friendly relationship. The UPO is an active member of the IADP and Observer in the MicroFrancophonie.

Transport

Roads

Culture

The Popular Union of Occitania has organized the Slavic Music Festival. The PUO participate at the Microvision 2016 and Occitania finished second, four points below the winner. The country will participate at the Microvision 2017.

Occitanian countryball

The national tree is the yuca.

Religion

The secret of religions being a constitutional law, no religious recesement are avaible. Nevertheless, the majority of the occitanians defined themselves as Roman Catholic. The official state-religion is Violetism.

Medias

There are five medias in the country, all members of Occitanian Media Group. The national TV channel is TV OC. The national news website is Occitania Herald. There is also a public television channel and a radio station, which are under development.

Sports

The Occitanian Football Team represents Occitania in the football's world.

Events organized in Occitania

Year Events
2015,2016 Slavic Music Festival

Occitanian results

Year Event Ranking Notes
2016 Microvision 2/9 Ex æquo with EQli KAD 400x400.png Antares
2017 Microvision 2/14

Holidays

Name Date Notes
New Year 1 January Nonworking day
Day of universal peace 9 January Begin of persecution against Nougara
Yom HaShoah 20 May 2017 Moment of silence ( Working Day )
International Workers' Day 1 May Nonworking day
Peace days 8-9 May Nonworking day
Europe day May Nonworking day
Oradour's day 10 June Moment of silence ( Working Day )
People's Army days 17 and 18 July Nonworking day
Albigensian's day 1 August Moment of silence ( Working Day )
Mother violet day 4 August Celebration of the violet god/Nonworking day
Day of the Catalan brothers 11 September Nonworking day (except in Three Flowers)
Catalonian day 11 September Nonworking day (only in Three Flowers)
National Day 15 September Nonworking day
Revelation Day 6 November Revelation of the Holy Violet Church/Nonworking day

Mourning Days

Date(s) Cause
26 and 27 July 2016 2016 Normandy church attack
12, 13 and 14 December 2016 Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral bombing
30 June 2017 Death of Simone Veil

Post

The Popular Union of Occitania has a postal company : Correoc. Correos was the former postal company.

Orders, decorations, and medals

In the Press

  1. Jean-Pierre JUGE (2001) Petit précis – Chronologie occitane – Histoire & civilisation, p. 19
  2. Frederic Mistral, Lou Tresor dóu Felibrige ou Dictionnaire provençal-français embrassant les divers dialectes de la langue d'oc moderne (1878–1886), vol. I, p. 1182: "Le poète Racine écrivait d'Uzès en 1662: «Nous appelons ici «la France» tout le pays qui est au-delà de la Loire. Celui-ci passe comme une province étrangère.»"
  3. Joseph Anglade, Grammaire de l'ancien provençal ou ancienne langue d'oc, 1921: La Langue d'Oc est parlée actuellement par douze ou quatorze millions de Français ("Occitan is now spoken by twelve or fourteen million French citizens").