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Principality of Hélianthis
| Principality of Hélianthis |
La liberté unie
Helianthis Imperium glorium
|Government||Constitutional Monarchy Absolutist|
|- Reigning Prince||Vincent I|
|- Prime Minister||Mélissa Daude|
|- Heiress of Throne||Princess Maud|
|Established||1 June 2013|
|Area claimed||142,48km² |
0 sq mi
|Population||43 (2016 estimate)|
The Principality of Hélianthis is a micronation of Western Europe located in the natural region of Blayais in France whose center of gravity is the majestic Citadel of Blaye. The Principality succeeds the Principality of Blaye (1040-1319).
The Principality is surrounded by France and the Atlantic and overlooks the Gironde estuary, the largest in Western Europe. The Principality is a wine region, formed by plains and hills.
The Principality also includes three islands:
Before the Principality of Hélianthis
The Principality of Hélianthis succeeds to the Principality of Blaye who passed away in 1319.
The history of the Principality of Blaye is related to the family Rudel. It is between 1030 and 1048 that can recognize approximately the first princes "Dominus" of Blaye, starting with Geoffrey Rudel I. Prince Jaufré Rudel is certainly the most emblematic figure of the Principality. Cultivated man and troubadour, Eleanor of Aquitaine, then Queen of France, asked Rudel Jaufré to accompany her court for the Second Crusade (1146-1149) to the Holy Land where he died in 1170. He became famous for his prohibited love story with the princess of Jerusalem, Hodierna of Rethel, Countess of Tripolie, daughter of King Baldwin II of Jerusalem. Prince Geoffroy Rudel IV of Blaye concluded shortly before his death, a transaction in Bordeaux 3 April 1320 where all the rights of the Principality were ceded to the British Crown.
The Treaty of Picquigny signed between France and England August 29, 1475 definitively settles the question of linking the Principality to the Crown of France. Indeed, the King of England renounces all territories except the city of Calais. Historians interpret this as a renunciation of the rights granted by Geoffry Rudel de Blaye IV in 1320. The concession of the governorate by the King of France to the people and the renunciation of the King of England causes independence right of the Gironde principality.
In 1586, the seigneury of Blaye is entrusted to Jean-Paul Esparbès called "the Marquis of Lussan". Blaye under siege grueling against the Protestants in 1592 called Battle of Blaye. In 1630, Claude of Rouvroy of Saint-Simon, Earl of Rasse then Duke of Saint-Simon, a favorite of Louis XIII, is made governor of Blaye. In 1755, the command returns to Gabriel Regnault, Lord of Cazeau until his death in 1792.
Thomas Robert Bugeaud (1784-1849), Marquis of the Piconnerie, Duke of Isly, future Marshal of France was appointed Governor of the Citadel of Blaye in 1832. It has in its custody the spearhead of the royalist uprising West of France, Marie Caroline Ferdinande Louise of Naples and Sicily (1798-1870), Duchess of Berry and mother of the Earl of Chambord in whose name it tried unsuccessfully to take power in France as a "regent "defying King Louis-Philippe.
From 1841, Blaye and the region are modernized by the works undertaken by the sub-prefect Haussmann inaugurating the beginnings of the Haussman style. The year 1874 saw the arrival of the 144th Infantry Regiment who landed in Blaye which has its premises in the citadel. They will remain until the eve of the First World War in 1914, where they go to Bordeaux. Blaye is transformed into German prison camps. During the Second World War, Blaye is occupied by the Wehrmacht who installs anti-aircraft guns. After the success of Operation Frankton at the Port of Bordeaux in 1942, the blayais resistance allowed the bombardment of German positions and the main industries requisitioned to the services of the occupying forces and on 19 August 1944, the forces of the French Forces of the Interior led by Colonel Jolit attack a German convoy in the "Cau de Berson" causing the death of 42 German soldiers and the arrest of 8 others. This will be one of the last clashes in the Blayais.
The citadel is officially decommissioned and disarmed in 1943 and bought by the city of Blaye in 1954. From 1989 to 2008 it was Bernard Madrelle, professor and member of the Socialist Party who became mayor of Blaye. Under his mandate, which is one of the longest terms of Republican mayor of Blaye, the city modernized considerably.
Since the Principality of Hélianthis
June 1, 2013, the Principality of Hélianthis is proclaimed and succeeds the former Principality of Blaye. It's Vincent Merchadou, currently His Serene Highness Vincent I, Sovereign Prince of Hélianthis, who founded the Principality. Mélissa Daud becomes Prime Minister and she was renewed in her post twice.
In 2015, Prince Vincent makes his first state visit to the Principality of Aigues-Mortes on the occasion of his invitation to the Princely Grand Bal Golden Bucket. This is also the same year that the Principality participates and integrates Organisation of the MicroFrancophonie.
In 2016, the Principality participates as a founding member to the first Summit of the Organization of the MicroFrancophonie to Aigues-Mortes alongside Niels I, Grand Duke of Flandrensis, Dominic Desaintes, Olivier I, Jean-Pierre IV and Gretchen, Crown Princess of Ladonia. He participated for the second consecutive time at princely ball of Aigues-Mortes.
Promoting gastronomy, heritage and history of the region, the Principality forms part as a life local actor.
Particularity of the political regime
The head of state has the title of Sovereign Prince. The Principality of Hélianthis is a democracy in the form of an absolutist constitutional monarchy. Particular political regime, it's a legal compromise between the constitutional monarchy where the monarch has only powers of representation, confining only a symbolic role and does not govern the state and the absolute monarchy regime where the only monarch governs the state and holds in his hands all the three powers. Absolutist constitutional monarchy is a system where the monarch governs the state by participating in various governmental institutions. He holds executive power. However, it does not take part in the legislative power and confines itself to a ceremonial awarding of enactment of the law.
The Sovereign Council
The Sovereign Council is the organ most official and most prestigious in the Principality which is composed by Ambassadors, Honorary Councillors but also the princes and princesses being pretenders to the throne until 5th as Member of Right and chaired by the Sovereign Prince. It is competent to know all the diplomatic affairs and foreign affairs. It is the strong executive body that enacts laws and ensures their implementation.
Government of Hélianthis: At the head of government there are a prime minister. The first hélianthain government is a constituent government that appeared to support the executive action of the Sovereign Council and lead the monarch political will. He was started on the day of the accession of Vincent Merchadou-Schmitt to the throne of Hélianthis. Therefore he takes office on June 1, 2013. The first Constitution of Hélianthis was adopted by referendum on 23 December 2013.
The Council of Ministers
The Council of Minister is the council convened by the Sovereign Prince when decisions which do not fall within the competence of the Sovereign Council must be taken. It also indiscriminately shape of these members, the Government of the Principality. In fact, are only members of the Council of Ministers and Government, Ministers and State Secretaries which lead the nation's business.
The Principality of Hélianthis is a micronation respectful of human rights, the environnemment and preserving peace. The Principality has 8 embassies around the world: Argentina, Belgium, Ecuador, Spain, United States, France, Morocco and United Kingdom.
The following micronations signed a treaty strengthened diplomatic relations with the Principality:
The following micronations have signed a treaty of Mutual recognition and diplomatic relation with the Principality:
- Principality of Aigues-Mortes
- Empire of Angyalistan
- Principality of Austrasie
- Principality of Aysellant
- Kingdom of Calsahara
- Grand Duchy of Flandrensis
- Royal House of Homestead
- Royal Republic of Ladonia
- Principality of Otrebor
- Kingdom of Ruritania
- Republic of Saint-Castin
- State of Sandus
- Kingdom of Viper
- Grand Duchy of Westarctica
- Aerican Empire
- Principality of Lorenzburg
- Kingdom of Überstadt
- Maritime Principality of Atlantis
- Republic of Uzupis
The following micronations proclaimed an entente cordiale of relations with the Principality of Hélianthis: