Plushunia

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Plushunia
Pluşunia

PlushuniaFlag2.png
Flag (without coat of arms)
Nocoa.png
To be determined

Anthem
Te slăvim, Pluşunie

Bucharest, Romania

Slobozia, Ialomița county, Romania
Capital city Plușeni (Bucharest Region)
Official language(s) Romanian
Official religion(s) Eastern Orthodoxy
Short name Plushunia
Demonym Plushunian
Government Unitary parliamentary democracy
- President Cristi
- Prime Minister Ghiță Purcel (PNL)
- Vice President Cățeluș Slobozeanu (PSD)
- Deputy Prime Minister Rilă Slobozeanu (PSD)
Legislature Parliament
- Type - Unicameral
- Number of seats - 30
Established 20 October 2017
Area claimed est. 20000 m2
Population 7 Romanians
~450 Plushunians
Currency Plushunian Ban
Time zone

GMT+2.

GMT+3 (summer time)

Official website
Plushunian News Service


Plushunia (IPA: [plʌʃuˈnia], Romanian: Plușunia) is a Romanian micronation founded on 20 October 2017 by incumbent President Cristi. It claims five landlocked regions surrounded entirely by Romania. An important aspect of Plushunia is that it recognises toys as citizens alongside humans.
The nation is currently a unitary devolved semi-presidential democratic republic, with the Plushunian Parliament being the country's legislature, the President serving as head of state and the Prime Minister as head of government. The incumbent President (since October 2017) is Cristi, while the incumbent Prime Minister (since 1 April 2019) is the Liberal politician Ghiță Purcel. Plushunia is divided in regions and communes, which currently enjoy a high degree of devolution) as a result of the ongoing constitutional reform [1].
On the micronational stage, Plushunia has diplomatic relations with several nations from the MicroWiki sector, and is a member of the Union Against Micronational War, of the Holy Roman Empire, of the Micronational Olympic Federation, of the Grand Unified Micronational, of the Plush Nation Cooperation Union and of Help Joining the GUM, and a former member of the Organisation of Active Micronations

Etymology

The name "Plushunia" comes from the Romanian word for plush ("pluș") and the suffix "unia", indicating the fact that the country recognises plush toys as citizens

History

Early beginnings

The first attempts made by the incumbent President to organise a toy-based state were made in 2015 and 2017. The first version of Plushunia, created in 2015, was a federal state recognising toys as citizens, but the President did not suceed in organising a state, so this first incarnation of Plushunia remained largely dormant until 2017.

Foundation era/Early Hop era (20 October 2017 - 1 January 2018)

Iepuroi Hop, Prime Minister of Plushunia between October 2017 and June 2018, was the most influential politician in the early days of Plushunia

The current incarnation of Plushunia was created in October 2017 by incumbent President Cristi, this time as a plush-based unitary parliamentary democracy. On 20 October 2017 the President officialy created the nation, naming Iepuroi Hop as provisional Prime Minister of Plushunia. First, the country was to recognise only plush toys as citizens, but after some Lego and plastic toy infrastructure and buildings were introduced by the very active Provisional Government, Lego figurines and plastic toy figurines were also granted citizenship. A few days after the foundation the first Plushunian political parties were created (see the Government and Politics section) and the 2017 legislative elections were held. The center-right Democratic Convention coalition (made out of the National Front, the National Liberal Party, the Democratic Party, and the Christian Democratic Union ) led by Iepuroi Hop won 50% of the votes and was given aproval by the President to form a government led by Hop (the Parliament not existing yet at the time of the election), the Hop Cabinet having the aim of organizing the key state institutions including the Parliament. The Hop cabinet also acted as the legislative of the country until June 2018, when the Parliament was organised according to the results of the 2017 elections. The Hop Cabinet was sworn into office on 1 November 2017 and was very popular during the first months of its term, and it implemented several popular measures such as the building of several apartment buildings and the creation of the public transportation system in Pluseni.

Middle Hop era (1 January 2018 - 1 May 2018)

The Hop Cabinet's popularity declined during January, after it decided to adopt several authoritarian policies and implemented several failed economic policies that almost led to the country's dissolution. The incapacity of the Cabinet to organize the Parliament for almost 8 months after the election and its failure to manage the February Riots (which were organised by the National Conservative Alliance, that attempted to establish a federal government) also led to a continuous decrease in the popularity of the Hop Cabinet and of the Democratic Convention, the political alliance supporting the Cabinet. During the riots, the Hop Cabinet was forced to leave Pluşeni (the only teritory of the Bucharest Region at the time) and became a government-in-exile. Despite a predicted revival of Plushunia after the riots, in February and March 2018 the President mostly lost interest in Plushunia, which entered a period of dormancy and anarchy.

Re-foundation era/Late Hop era (1 May 2018 - 25 June 2018)

The Government only returned in May, at the request of the President, which became interested again in Plushunia, and order was re-established in the country after a conflict called the National Liberation War, during which the Government regained the Pluşeni area. Following the return of the legitimate government, the country went trough a period of reconstruction which lasted until June 2018, with the Government attempting to repair some of its economical and administrative mistakes. During May and June the influence of Iepuroi Hop over the nation's politics also declined, making way on the political stage for other politicians, many of which mostly unknown before. June 2018 also saw the organisation of the Plushunian Parliament (after months of disputes between the Liberals, the rest of the Democratic Convention, the Social Alliance and the federalist National Conservative Alliance) and the rise of the Social Alliance, widely considered as the only real alternative to the increasingly unpopular Democratic Convention, and the latter's loss of the political hegemony it had during the preceding eras. The Hop Cabinet was finaly dismissed on 25 June after the Liberals left the Democratic Convention and proposed a motion of no confidence which passed with 13 votes in support to 12 votes against.

Early Socialist era (25 June 2018 - 1 August 2018)

Ursu Polarescu, Prime Minister of Plushunia between 1 July 2018 and 1 April 2019, the most influential politcian of Plushunia during Socialist era

After the Hop Cabinet was dismissed 15 members of the Parliament resigned to force snap elections, which were organised on 26 June 2018. The parties from leftist Social Alliance won together 68% of the votes after the Democratic Party left the Democratic Convention and joined the Social Alliance together with the new Social Democracy Party. The alliance, made out of the Toys' Worker Party (PMJ), the Social Democratic Party (PSD), the Popular Revolutionary Front (FPR), the Democratic Party (PD) and the Social Democracy Party (PDS) managed to defeat the National Liberal Party and what remained of the Democratic Convention (the National Front, the Christian Democratic Union and the new National Christian Democratic Peasants' Party (PNȚCD) and proposed PMJ president Ursu Polarescu for the prime minister office, which was given confidence by the Parliament to form a Cabinet, which also passed the confidence vote. During the first weeks of the term of the Ursu Polarescu I cabinet the democracy started to make itself felt, with the Parliament elaborating the first formalised laws and starting to draft the first Constitution of Plushunia. On 15 July all parties in Plushunia opened simultaneously their Congresses, effectively paving the political road of Plushunia for the following months. On 27 July the Christian Democratic Union was absorbed by the National Christian Democratic Peasants' Party, and on 30 July the Democratic Party left the Social Alliance and formed the Alliance of the Liberals and Democrats (ALDe) together with the National Liberal party and the National Christian Democratic Peasants' Party, thus ending the Social Alliance's political hegemony over Plushunia. 30 July also saw the dissolution of the Democratic Convention, which remained with only one member (FN) after the departure of PNȚCD, and on 31 July 2018, after the Social Alliance lost its majority following the departure of the Democratic Party, the said party joining ALDe, Plushunia entered a political crisis caused by the 50/50 parliament deadlock between the government and the opposition.

Late Socialist era (1 August - 20 September 2018)

After the Socialsts lost their majority in the Parliament and political hegemony over Plushunia, the Polarescu I cabinet was restructured and became the Polarescu II cabinet, supported by a coalition between the Social Alliance and the National Front. Despite the Socialists now had a strong political rival (the Alliance of the Liberals and Democrats), they managed to win an important victory: the Vice Presidential election on 3 and 4 August, when Cățeluș Slobozeanu (Social Alliance candidate) won the first round with 38% and the second round with 51%, just four votes ahead of the runner-up Ghiță Purcel, becoming Plushunia's second Vice President. After the election though, the government entered a period of relative inactivity characterised by the absence of the President from Plushunia. The period of inactivity lasted just one week, after which the President returned from his vacation and started to collaborate with the Government in creating several laws. On 17 July the opposition leader Ghiță Purcel made a press statement in which he criticised the Government's apparent lack of activity (no law passed between 1 and 19 August), to which the Polarescu II cabinet responded by submitting several laws to the Parliament for adoption. In late August, the Social Alliance also decided to adopt a programme which aimed to put Plushunia "on the road to Socialism". However, the programme was poorly received by the middle class of Plushunia, who started large-scale protests in Plușeni. The state authorities and the security forces however decided to suppress the protests, while the angry protesters clashed with the security forces. Outnumbered, the security forces of Plushunia were defeated and switched sides, leading to the enrollment by the government of working-class Plushunians (supporters of the leftist Government) in militias which were used against the protesters to defend the Government. However, the militias were also defeated by the angry rioters, who used captured Security Force personnel and equipment to ensure their victory in Plușeni, forcing the Government to flee the city and move its headquarters in 1 Iunie, a settlement in the metropolitan area of the capital.

Plushunia during the Plushunian Civil War (September 2018 - December 2018)

Following their victory over the government forces, the rebels established the Plushunian National Republic in the controlled areas of Plușeni. The republic was governed by the Revolutionary Comitee, the only legislative, executive and judicial institution of the National Republic, which was only a provisional institution that was meant to administrate the Republic until the eventual victory or defeat of the revolutionaries. The Comitee ruled over Pluseni with an iron fist, often arresting and sometimes even alowing the angry rebel bands to brutalise Government sympathisers and partisans in an attempt to minimise opposition to revolutionary rule. However their rule over the territory was not easy, since they were continuously confronted by both the remaining Government forces and a number of pro-Government partisans and forces that remained behind the lines of the rebels. Those forces, loyal to the Government, still held areas of Plușeni during the revolution, making multiple attempts to break the rebel encirclement and sabotaging rebel activities. By October, the revolution has turned into a full-scale civil war, with daily bitter clashes between the two sides and with many political groups supporting either the rebels (ALDe, FN) or the Government (AS), and some regions even declaring independence (the Plușeni commune Baia, the Arges Region). Despite Pluseni was torn apart by the raging war, in other regions, like Ialomița, the war had little to no effect on the lives of the Plushunian citizens. However, the balance of power completely changed after the President allowed the Government to hire two platoons (~60 soldiers) of professionally trained, fully equiped infantry soldiers, forming the core of the Plushunian Army. The brand new army won many victories against the rebels, who proposed a ceasefire on 14 November, 2 months after the start of the war. A few weeks later, a treaty between the two parties mediated by the President and signed by the two belligerents, which later was expanded to include all four warring parties (the Government, the rebels, the Baia commune and the Arges region), treaty which kept the unity of Plushunia under Socialist rule (the pact stipulated that Prime Minister Polarescu, his cabinet and the parliament elected on 26 June 2018 were supposed to remain in power until 1 November 2019, with the October 2018 elections being canceled), however the Polarescu II cabinet would have to give more authonomy to the regions and make some political concessions to the right-wing rebels (like cancelling most of the "Plushunia's road to Socialism" programme) This treaty served as a de facto constitution to the new, more decentralised Plushunian State, and came to be known as the Quadripartite Pact.

Postwar era (December 2018 - March 2019)

The Pact brought political stabillity to Plushunia, yet it only aggravated the then-economic crisis (aggravation also caused by the lack of involvement made by the Polarescu II cabinet to improve the economic situation) However the pact only lasted for five months, until, in March 2019, Iepuroi Hop started the "March coup" by discovering that it was unconstitutional and reported this to the President. After recieving those news, the head of state decided to declare the pact as unconstitutional and void, told the government to resign and called for immediate elections to decide the fate of Plushunia. Initially the Polarescu II Cabinet refused to resign, considering the President's decree to be an attempt to start a "reactionary coup", although after the Plushunian Army and the most of the Parliament decided to support the President, the government decided to resign. Following that, the leftist Social Alliance split into two parties following a dispute over the government programme the alliance will have should it win the snap elections: the Plushunian Socialist Party, supporter of far-left policies and of the "Plushunia's road to Socialism" programme, and the Social Democratic Party, a more moderate, center-left party, more open to colaboration with the center-right ALDe. Another important change was the reformation of the National Front, whose leaders, upset with the low electoral scores of the party in the last elections, decided to merge the party with the Revolutionary Movement Party, the political arm of the Revolutionary Movement, an organisation founded by some participants in the September Revolution to militate for the values of the said revolution. After the merger, the new party was named the Save Plushunia Union (USP) and rebranded itself as a modern, progressive party. This move was proved to be very succesful, since ALDe and USP formed a coalition which won the election, leading to the formation of a new right-wing cabinet led by Liberal leader Ghiță Purcel.

The Rise of the Right (1 April - 1 July 2019)

Ghiță Purcel, Prime Minister of Plushunia since 1 April 2019, the most influential politcian of Plushunia during "the Rise of the Right" period

Despite the Liberal - USP victory at the elections, the Purcel I cabinet decided to act as a caretaker government, with no important reforms being made in the beginning. Some Socialist and Social Democrat leaders even accused Purcel that his cabinet did not bring the economical growth and encouragement of private enterprise it promised during the electoral campaign, with most of the Plushunian economy stil being represented by the state-owned sector, the same situation as in the Socialist times, and many state enterprises were even abandoned (like the Plushunian Vehicle Company) because the lack of demand, caused economical stagnation. However the Purcel cabinet improved the living conditions for many Plushunians after it almost completely redesigned and rebuilt Pluseni, the devastated capital of Plushunia, the new apartment blocks built by the Purcel cabinet being larger and less cramped than the old, Hop-era buildings. The Purcel cabinet also invested much more in scientific research and in education than the previous governments, with a lot of resources being invested in the Plushunian Academy of Sciences, a new institution created by the cabinet. Recently, a political scandal stemming from Iepuroi and Judy Hop's loss of parliamentary immunity following a vote in the Parliament (the two are being involved in the currently investigated "abusive expropriations" case, in which Iepuroi and Judy are accused of abuse of power, the loss of parliamentary immunity for the pair allows further investigation and ultimately trial by a criminal court) has caused a political crisis in Plushunia, with the pro-Hop faction of the USP separating from the rest of the party and leaving government (thus forming a new opposition political group named the National Front), split which led to the Purcel government becoming a minority cabinet. However the now-majoritary opposition was split between the leftist Plushunian Socialist Party and Social Democratic Party and the right-wing National Front, which completely refused any colaboration with the left. The crisis left Plushunia into an unstable situation, with a grand coalition government between the Liberals, USP and Social Democrats led by Purcel being formed (the Purcel II cabinet).

Present era

The new grand coalition government took office on 1 July, almost immediately starting work on important political and economic reforms. In the first weeks of July 2019, the Government concentrated itself on the external policy, by having Plushunia become a member of the Union Against Micronational War and of the Organisation of Active Micronations and opening diplomatic relations with several nations of the MicroWiki community. However, in late July, the Government also revealed several important projects, such as a new, more federal constitution of Plushunia and a "master plan" to combat the current economic crisis in Plushunia. Another great diplomatic achievement of the Purcel II Cabinet was the passing of a new Foreign Policy in the parliament, which also provides for the establishment of overseas territories of Plushunia

Government and politics

Plushunia is a unitary parliamentary republic, and it is currently transitioning to a unitary devolved state, as a result of the current constitutional reform, with elections for the local authorities being scheduled for 18 and 25 August 2019. It is a representative democracy, and the power is divided between the three separate powers of the state, and separation of powers and rule of law are supreme values of Plushunia.

Legislative branch

The Plushunian Parliament

Structure of the Plushunian Parliament as of August 2019
  •      PSP (4)
  •      PSD (9)
  •      PD (5)
  •      PNL (4)
  •      PNŢCD (3)
  •      USP (5)


The Plushunian Parliament is the legislative of Plushunia, and it is organised according to the principles of representative democracy. It is an unicameral legislature and it is composed of 30 members (however the new constitution reduces that number to 25 starting with the next election) elected yearly using a party-list proportional representation system. It votes all laws in Plushunia, including the Constitution and any constitutional ammendments (which also need to pass a popular consultation vote/referendum). The Parliament also gives confidence to the Government of Plushunia and to the Judges of the Supreme Court and can dismiss the members of these institutions by means of a motion of no confidence. It meets on a monthly basis (the last Sunday of each month) but it can be convocated in extraordinary sessions by the President or the Prime Minister. The last election for the Plushunian Parliament was the Plushunian 2019 snap legislative election.

Executive branch

The Presidency

Cățeluș Slobozeanu, Vice President of Plushunia since 4 August 2018

The head of state office in Plushunia belongs to the Presidency of Plushunia. It consists of a President and a Vice President. The functions are almost equal and the two make decisions together as a pair, but the President is both de jure and de facto more important than the Vice President, as the President only represents the nation on the foreign plan and cuts the red ribbon at inaugurations, and the Vice President does not and is considered to be subordinate to the President. The President and the Vice President are elected separately for a 1 year term (Vice President) and a 2 year term (President), and can compete for any number of terms. The presidential pair has the power to veto Parliament and Government acts, to appoint judges, dissolve the Parliament and appoint the Prime Minister from the majority party/coalition from the Parliament, the Prime Minister candidate being proposed by the majority party/coalition. The pair has to take decisions with the accord of both members. The presidential pair members may be deposed individualy by referendum. The last election for the Vice President was held on 3 and 4 August 2018.

The Government

Iepuroi Hop, Deputy Prime Minister of Plushunia since 17 August 2019

The Government of Plushunia is the executive of Plushunia and has the role of running the country on a daily basis and applying the laws through government decrees. It also acts as the legislative of Plushunia in the absence of the Plushunian Parliament, and normally has limited legislative powers, which the cabinet exercises through government ordinances. The government consists of one Prime Minister and 12 ministers with a designated portofolio.

Since 1 April 2019, the office of Prime Minister is held by the the National Liberal Party leader Ghiță Purcel, which is the head of the 6th cabinet of Plushunia, the Purcel III Cabinet, which was sworn into office on 17 August 2019. The Purcel III Cabinet has the following structure:

Office Name Party In office since Term end
Prime Minister Ghiță Purcel PNL 19 August 2019 Incumbent
Minister of Regional Development and Public Administration Donald Duck PD
Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Internal and External Affairs, Justice and National Defence Iepuroi Hop
Minister of Economy, Public Finances and Commerce Pisica Pluseanu PNL
Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Puiuț Slobozeanu PNŢCD
Minister of Education, Research, Inovation, Youth and Sports Iepuraș Slobozan USP
Minister of Health, Labour, Social Justice, Public Consultation and Social Dialogue Peter Hop
Minister of Energy Luminel
Minister of Transports, Industry and Infrastructure Cățel Pluseanu PNL
Minister of Culture and National Identity Cățeluș, Patriarch of Plushunia PNŢCD
Minister of Enviromment, Waters, Forests and Tourism Broscoi PD
Minister of Communications and Online Medium Judy Hop
Department for Relations with Plushunians from abroad Puiuț Chițăilă USP

Politics

In Plushunia political pluralism is very important and emphasised on, with 8 registered political parties with a great diversity of ideologies and political views (ranging from Socialism to classical Liberalism and Conservatism) existing in the country. The politics of Plushunia has a very important role in the nation's culture and history, and is mostly based upon the politics of Romania, with many parties having present or former correspondent in Romanian politics.
The four most important parties (and the main actors on the political stage) of the country are:

In the nation there also exist two political alliances:

Law and order

The Plushunian Supreme Court of Justice is the supreme court of Plushunia and the country's nominal court of last resort. As it is the only court in Plushunia, it handles all cases filed in the the country, and serves as well as the constitutional court of the country. It has 5 judges, of which one serves as the President of the Supreme Court. The judges are appointed by the presidential pair and are given a confidence vote by the Parliament and the Government.

Foreign relations

History

For almost 9 months since its foundation Plushunia had an isolationist foreign policy, but this ended on 14 July 2018 when the President, the Vice President and the Minister for Internal Affairs, Justice, National Defence and Foreign Affairs decided to have Plushunia join the MicroWiki Community, and Plushunia quickly started diplomatic relations with two nations, Juclandia and Sabia and Verona, which also recognise plush toys as citizens. However, during the Plushunian Civil War, the Government decided to shut down the international edition of the Plushunian News Service and to start a new period of isolation, in a bid to avoid any news leaks of the then-ongoing civil war, that could have possibly turned into an international affair should that news leak. This policy continued for 10 more months until the Purcel cabinet decided to re-open the MicroWiki Commission of the External Affairs Department and to have Plushunia join the MicroWiki Discord server.

Present

Currently, Plushunia has diplomatic relations with several nations of the MicroWiki community and is currently working on establishing relations with several other. It also is a member state of the OAM, of the UAMW, of the MOF and of the PNCU and formally recognises all states of the former. It also is a provisional member of the GUM.

Diplomatic relations of Plushunia

Nation Flag Start of diplomatic relations Notes
Juclandia Flag-of-Juclandia.png July 2018 First nation to establish diplomatic relations with Plushunia, fellow member state of the GUM
Kingdom of Sabia and Verona Flag of Sabia and Verona.png July 2018 Fellow member state of the GUM
People's Federation of Quebec Flag of the People's Federation of Quebec.svg July 2019 Fellow member state of the GUM
Principality of New Eiffel Flag of New Eiffel.svg July 2019 Fellow member state of the OAM and of the GUM, Plushunian embassy established in New Eiffel.
Qaflana QaflananFlag.png July 2019 Fellow member state of the OAM, Plushunian Embassy established in Qaflana
Sovereign Principality of Snowy Plains Flagsn.png July 2019
Aenopia Federation of Aenopia flag.png August 2019
Kingdom of Wegmat Wegmatflag.jpeg August 2019

Military

The Plushunian military is represented by the Plushunian Army, a well-equipped force responsible for both national defence and the upkeep of public order in Plushunia. It consists of two fully equipped infantry platoons stationed in the military base of Pluseni, (formed in late 2018) which consists of about 60 soldiers and officers in service, as well as three light infantry platoon squads (one for each region, the largest one in the capital) formed in early 2018, named the Plushunian Security Force, which carries out police-like duties. The Army also has a small motorised section, consisting of a few toy-size tanks and mobile artillery units. Most of the Plushunian military infrastructure (the infantry platoons, the tanks and the Pluseni Military Base) was put into use during the Plushunian Civil War by the government, which needed a professional, properly equiped army to defeat the rebel forces and restore order. Since then, the Army has become a key institution of the State, the Plushunian citizens being particulary fond of the Army. Currently Plushunia did not take part in any war between micronations, but the Plushunian Army and the Security Forces did fight in several internal conflicts.

Geography and climate

Physical geography and climate

The territory of mainland Plushunia is represented by four distinct landlocked enclaves, surrounded by Romania: the Bucharest enclave (containing the Bucharest Region), the Ialomița enclave (containing the Ialomița Region and the Aureşti Region), the Argeș enclave (containing the Argeș Region) and the Muscel enclave (containing the Muscel Territory). The Ialomița and Bucharest enclaves are located in the Wallachian Plain, and have an arid, semi-steppe climate. The Argeș and Muscel enclaves, on the other hand, are located on the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains and have a continental climate. However a great share of the Plushunian territory (35% in the Ialomița enclave, 90% in the Bucharest enclave) is located indoor, the said areas enjoying a controlled climate setting.

Political geography

Plushunia is divided in 5 regions (regions with residents) and one territory (a region with no residents) plus three overseas territories (regions located overseas, with no representation in the Plushunian Parliament). The said administrative units are further divided in urban communes (cities) and rural communes. Every rural commune with more than 50 permanent residents and/or urban living standards and developent level becomes an urban commune. Some urban communes with over 100 residents and advanced development level (high employment rate, industrial or consumerist economy, economical growth, good living conditions and developed public services) may be declared municipalities, wich are divided into smaller urban communes.

Plushunia is divided in the following regions, territories and overseas territories:

Regions and territories of Plushunia

Flag Region Region
code
Capital city Communes Population
(inh.)
Area (est.)
(m2)
Governor
Regions of Plushunia
Bucharest.png Bucharest Region B Plușeni Industriilor,
Unirea,
Pluşurilor,
New Pluşeni
~300 100 Cristi
Ialomita.png Ialomița Region IL TBD Northern Ialomița, Southern Ialomița 99 1000 Mioara
Auresti.png Aureşti Region A TBD Aureşti ~30 1000 Aura
Arges.png Argeș Region AG TBD Argeș 57 12500 TBD
Territories of Plushunia
Muscel.png Muscel Territory MC N/A N/A 0 5000 TBD
Overseas Territories of Plushunia
Macmillan Flag v3.png Overseas Territory of Macmillan MM TBD TBD 5 0.0475 Vilcho
Aenopian Plushunia.png Aenopian Plushunia AP New Machynlleth TBD 43 14.35 Logan I
Ogel.jpg Ogel OG Ogel Nib TBD ~500 25 Alex Halbesleben

Economy

The Plushunian economy is a weakly regulated mixed developing economy and is based mostly around agricultural activities, industries and services. It is composed of a state sector and a private sector, with the state sector being dominant. However, efforts are being made by the Government to privatise the state sector.

Economic situation

Currently, Plushunia deals with an economic crisis caused by excessive regulations made by the left wing Polarescu II Cabinet. The government regulations included calculation-in-kind for the prices, syndical administration of most companies and industrialisation of the country through employing a great share of the population in industry. However, the demand for industrial products was not enough to match the spendings of the companies running the industrial factories, and the inability of the companies to rise prices led to the faliment and effective abandoning of many state enterprises in the postwar era, with the effects of the Plushunian Civil War worsening the crisis.
However, since the Liberal politician Ghiță Purcel became Prime Minister of Plushunia, his two succeeding cabinets (especially the Purcel II cabinet) adopted several measures to end the crisis, including the creation of new jobs and the privatisation of the state companies (which is currently underway).

Currency

The official currency of the country is the Plushunian Ban. The Ban is a non-physical currency, as no banknotes are printed and the Bani only exist on the SNP (National Payment System) "fiscal notes".

The National Payment System

The National Payment System (Ro: Sistemul Național de Plată) is a document-based payment system. The system relies on uninominal register-like documents named "fiscal notes", on which all spendings and revenues made by their owners are registered, together with other data regarding the transactions. The Plushunian Bani exist only on the fiscal notes, and all transactions are carried out using the said documents.

Agriculture

In the agricultural sector, Plushunia is quite developed, and is an exporter of agricultural products, especially from the Arges region, which amounts for most of the exports made by the country. The Ialomița Region is another important agricultural producer, however the products from the Ialomița Region are mostly for domestic use. Currently, almost 100% of the Plushunian land is state-owned, however the incumbent Government recently started to draft an Agricultural Development Plan, which aims to sell most of the agricultural real estate to Plushunian citizens and private enterprises, as well as creating an Agricultural Trade Company to help export agricultural goods.

Industry

Industry is also an important sector of the Plushunian economy, with several industrial companies and plants (mostly state-owned) existing in the Bucharest Region, and around 1/6 of the Plushunian citizens work in industry. Despite the recent economical crisis heavily hit the industrial sector, the recent Economic Development Plan adopted by the Governent to remediate the economic crisis also took several measures to revigorate the industrial sector by privatising the main industrial companies and plants of Plushunia.

Services

Currently the smallest, weakest sector of the mainly agro-industrial economy of Plushunia, the services sector will be greatly developed by the Government (through the same Economic Development Plan), with many new jobs being created in the administrative apparatus, IT&T, management, education and other underdeveloped areas of the Plushunian economy. It is estimated that, at the time of the completion of the Economic Development Plan and other economic plans proposed by the Government, around 50% of the employed Plushunians will work in the service sector (the development of the services sector also helped end the '90s economic crisis in Romania, which was also caused by the transition from a socialist economy to a free market one).

Transport

In terms of human transportation, Plushunia is poorly developed, with no large roads existing in the country due to its rather small size. The longest properly paved road in Plushunia is located in the Aureşti Region and has a length of around 50 meters, its role being to connect Aureşti with the road network of Romania.
However, the Plushunians (toy citizens) enjoy a full-scale public transportation system (especially in the Bucharest Region, where 4 public transport routes exist), with daily schedules for each region and over 10 special vehicles (often acquisitioned from neighbouring Romania) being used for public transport. Formerly in 2017 and most of 2018), a Lego-based light railway operated in the Bucharest Region, however it was dismantled during the Plushunian Civil War, parts of it being used to build ad-hoc fortifications.

However, because of the distance between the geographically separated regions, inter-regional schedules are much rarer (monthly at best), and an inter-regional public transport ticket is quite expensive (over 100 Plushunian Bani). This does not apply however to the Ialomița-Aureşti routes, since Aureşti and Ialomița are not geographically separated, the public transport thus operating like with intra-regional routes.

Public transport is currently a state monopoly in Plushunia, with the Government currently running transport companies for each region. However this situation might change, since the Government currently considers privatisation of the public transport companies.

Employees' cooperatives

An important economical mechanism in Plushunia is the employee cooperative system, which was created in August 2018 by the Socialist Polarescu II cabinet. According to this system the employees from one company put in common their wages and propriety to form a cooperative, in which the money and goods of the cooperative members are democratically administrated. The association in cooperatives is voluntary, but the State decided to boost cooperative creation by enrolling state employees in cooperatives and giving special benefits to cooperatives and their members. An important benefit of the system is reduction of the National Payment System bureaucracy by merging individual fiscal notes into collective cooperative-based fiscal notes. Despite the fact that Plushunia now has a Liberal Prime Minister, it is unlikely that the cooperatives will be disestablished, since they greatly reduce fiscal bureaucracy.

Demography

According to the 2019 Plushunian local censuses, mainland Plushunia has a population of around 480 spread over its 4 regions (Bucharest, Ialomița, Arges and Aureşti), the said regions having very varied and diverse population sizes and densities, areas and ethno-religious compositions.

Population

According to the results of the 2019 local censuses (no national census has been held since 2017, with that census being fairly out of date), Plushunia has a resident population of around 480, distributed on a surface of around 20000 square meters (an average population density of around 2400 residents per square kilometer). However, the population is unevenly distributed among the regions of the country, with the densest populated region being the Bucharest Region, which houses 60% of the nation's population in 5% of the area of the Plushunian territory (an extremely high population density of ~300.000 residents/km 2 ), while the least densely populated region is the Argeș Region which houses 10% of the nation's population spread out over 62.5% of the country's area (a population density of ~500 residents/km 2 ). The high calculated population densities are however not a result of overpopulation, but rather of the small sizes of the country's majoritary toy population.

Ethnic groups

Plushunia is a highly ethno-diverse country, with residents of several minoritary ethnic groups apart from plush toys being recognised as citizens, namely plastic toys (est. 50 Plushunians), Lego figurines (est. 50 Plushunians) and Romanians (the smallest ethnic group of the country, with 7 Plushunian citizens being of Romanian ethnicity). However, plush toys still form a majority of the population (75%), and the minority ethnic groups are highly integrated within the Plushunian society (no ethnic minorities' political parties exist in Plushunia, the ethnical minorities mostly voting with the traditional parties of the country.

Culture

As Plushunia is a relatively new micronation, its culture is not well developed, but it is based on the Western culture and liberal and social democratic influences. The country has one officialy established cultural institution (the Plushunian Academy of Sciences), but the incumbent Government has promised further development of culture in Plushunia. Romanian culture is also an important part of the Plushunian culture, the former being most emphasised in the Arges region.

Art

Art is a very important part of the Plushunian culture, with President Cristi being a well known artist across Plushunia, with around 100 paintings, drawings and clay sculptures made by him being exposed in art galleries and museums from Plushunia. Some of the President's relatives which are citizens of the nation are also known to be prominent artists.

Sports

Sports are also a prominent part of the Plushunian culture, with chess, cycling, swimming and air hockey being some of the most played sports in Plushunia. Plushunians are also known to be avid watchers of the Olympic Games and of other important sports events. Currently these sports are only played individually, with no sports clubs having been created.

Religions

Eastern Orthodoxy

Cățeluș I, Patriarch of the Church of Plushunia

The main religion of mainland Plushunia is Eastern Orthodoxy, which is represented by the Church of Plushunia. The Church hasn't been properly organised yet, however it is headed by a Patriarch and will likely be organised on the Eastern Orthodox model. The Plushunian Church is however more liberal that other Orthodox churches, since it agrees to and allows clergymen to hold political offices and does not require that clergymen take new names after joining the clergy. On the later issue, the Church (and most notably the Patriarch) supports its point of view by arguing that "clergymen may (and should) be involved in politics, so that the values of the Church of Plushunia and the ideology of Christian Democracy be represented on the political stage", between October 2017 and July 2018 the Church even having its own political party, the Christian Democratic Union (which eventually was absorbed by the National Christian Democratic Peasants' Party).

National symbols and holidays

The national symbols of Plushunia, although recently created, play an important role in its culture. The national symbols of Plushunia are:

The official holidays are:

  • Romanian Culture Day (15 January)
  • Woman's/Mother's day (8 March)
  • Easter Day (eastern Orthodox Easter)
  • Workers' Day (1 May)
  • Children's Day (1 June)
  • Anthem Day (25 July)
  • Flag Day (31 July)
  • Assumption of Mary (15 August)
  • Man's/Father's Day (23 September)
  • Foundation Day (20 October)
  • Saint Nicholas' Day (6 December)
  • Winter Holidays (23 December - 2 January)

Aditionaly, the Government can decree two-week Official Vacations, during which only half of the population works (one half in one week, one half in the other week).

Media

The only Plushunian media institution is the Plushunian News Service, a online news service owned by the government. In the country are also available Romanian radio and television, and several government-owned small movie theaters are active in the country.

See also

External links