Plushunia

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Plushunia
Pluşunia

PlushuniaFlag2.png
Flag (without coat of arms)
Nocoa.png
To be determined

Anthem
Te slăvim, Pluşunie
Bucharest, Romania
Slobozia, Ialomița county, Romania
Capital city Plușeni
Official language(s) Romanian
Official religion(s) Eastern Orthodoxy
Short name Plushunia
Demonym Plushunian
Government Unitary parliamentary democracy
- President Cristi
- Prime Minister Ursu Polarescu (PMJ)
- Vice President Cățeluș Slobozeanu (PSD)
- Deputy Prime Minister Iepuroi Hop (FN)
Legislature Parliament
- Type - Unicameral
- Number of seats - 30
Established 20 October 2017
Area claimed est. 18600 sqm
Population 520 (estimate)
Currency Plushunian Ban
Time zone GMT+2

Plushunia (pronounce: PLU-SHOO-NI-A) (Romanian: Plușunia) is a Romanian micronation founded on 20 October 2017 by incumbent President Cristi. It claims five landlocked regions surrounded entirely by Romania. An important aspect of Plushunia is that it recognises toys as citizens alongside humans.

Etymology

The name "Plushunia" comes from the Romanian word for plush ("pluș"), as the country recognises plush toys as citizens.

History

Early beginnings

The first attempts made by the incumbent President to organise a toy-based state were made in 2015 and 2017. The first version of Plushunia, created in 2015, was a federal state recognising toys as citizens, but the President did not suceed in organising a state, so this first incarnation of Plushunia remained largely dormant until 2017.

Foundation era/Early Hop era (20 October 2017 - 1 January 2018)

The current incarnation of Plushunia was created in October 2017 by Cristi, this time as a plush-based unitary parliamentary democracy. On 20 October 2017 the President officialy created the nation, naming Iepuroi Hop as provisional Prime Minister. First, the country was to recognise only plush toys as citizens, but after some Lego and plastic toy infrastructure and buildings were introduced by the very active Provisional Government, Lego figurines and plastic toy figurines were also granted citizenship. A few days after the foundation the first Plushunian political parties were created (see the Government and Politics section) and the 2017 legislative elections were held. The center-right Democratic Convention coalition (made out of the National Front, the National Liberal Party, the Democratic Party, and the Christian Democratic Union ) led by Iepuroi Hop won 50% of the votes and was given aproval by the President to form a government led by Iepuroi Hop (the Parliament not existing yet at the time of the election), the Hop Cabinet having the aim of organizing the key state institutions including the Parliament. The government also acted as the legislative of the country until June 2018, when the Parliament was organized according to the results of the election. The Hop Cabinet was sworn into office on 1 November 2017 and was very popular during the first months of its term, and it implemented several popular measures such as the building of several apartment buildings and the creation of the public transportation system in Pluseni.

Middle Hop era (1 January 2018 - 1 March 2018)

The Hop cabinet's popularity declined during January, after it decided to adopt authoritarian policies and implemented several failed economic policies that almost led to the country's dissolution, together with the incapacity of the Cabinet to organize the Parliament for almost 8 months after the election and its failure to manage the February Riots organised by the National Conservative Alliance, which attempted to re-establish the old federal system. After the riots, the Hop Cabinet was forced to leave Pluşeni (the only teritory of the Bucharest Region at the time) and became a government-in-exile. After the riots the President mostly lost interest in Plushunia, which entered a period of dormancy and anarchy.

Re-foundation era/Late Hop era (1 May 2018 - 25 June 2018)

The Government only returned in May, at the request of the President, which became interested again in Plushunia, and order was re-established in Plushunia after a conflict called the National Liberation War, during which the Government regained Pluşeni. Following the return of the legitimate government, the country went trough a period of reconstruction which lasted until June. During May and June the influence of Iepuroi Hop over the nation's politics also declined, making way on the political stage for other politicians, many of which mostly unknown before. Finaly, after months of disputes between the Liberals, the rest of the Democratic Convention, the Social Alliance and the federalist National Conservative Alliance, the Government organized the Parliament in June 2018. June 2018 also saw the rise of the Social Alliance, widely considered as the only real alternative to the Democratic Convention, and the latter's loss of the political hegemony it had during the preceding eras. The Hop Cabinet was finaly dismissed on 25 June after the Liberals left the Democratic Convention and proposed a motion of no confidence which passed with 13 votes in support to 12 votes against and 5 abstentions.

Early Socialist era (25 June 2018 - 1 August 2018)

After the Hop Cabinet was dismissed 15 members of the Parliament resigned to force snap elections, which were organised on 26 June 2018. The parties from leftist Social Alliance won together 68 % of the votes after the Democratic Party left the Democratic Convention and joined the Social Alliance together with the new Social Democracy Party. The alliance, made out of the Toys' Worker Party (PMJ), the Social Democratic Party (PSD), the Popular Revolutionary Front (FPR), the Democratic Party (PD) and the Social Democracy Party (PDS) managed to defeat the National Liberal Party and what remained of the Democratic Convention (the National Front, the Christian Democratic Union and the new National Christian Democratic Peasants' Party (PNȚCD) and proposed PMJ president Ursu Polarescu for the prime minister office, which was given confidence by the Parliament to form a Cabinet, which passed too the confidence vote. During the first weeks of the term of the Ursu Polarescu I cabinet the democracy started to make itself felt, with the Parliament elaborating the first formalised laws and starting to draft the first Constitution of Plushunia. On 15 July all parties in Plushunia opened simultaneously their Congresses, effectively paving the political road of Plushunia. On 27 July the Christian Democratic Union was absorbed the National Christian Democratic Peasants' Party, and on 30 July the Democratic party left the Social Alliance and formed the Alliance of the Liberals and Democrats together with the National Liberal party and the National Christian Democratic Peasants' Party, thus ending the Social Alliance's political hegemony over Plushunia. 30 July also saw the dissolution of the Democratic Convention, which remained with only one member (FN) after the departure of PNȚCD, and onn 31 July 2018, after the Social Alliance lost its majority following the departure of the Democratic Party.

Present era (1 August - present)

After the Socialsts lost their majority in the Parliament and political hegemony ovei Plushunia, the Polarescu I cabinet was restructured and became the Polarescu II cabinet, supported by both AS and FN. Despite the Socialists now had a strong enemy (the Alliance of the Liberals and Democrats, it managed to win an important victory: the Vice Presidential election on 3 and 4 August, when Cățeluș Slobozeanu (Social Alliance candidate) won the first round with 38% and the second round with 51%, just four votes ahead of the runner up Ghiță Purcel, becoming Plushunia's second Vice President. After the election though, the government entered a period of relative inactivity characterised by the absence of the President from Plushunia. The period of inactivity lasted just one week, after which the President returned from his vacation and started to collaborate with the Government in creating several laws. On 17 July the opposition leader Ghiță Purcel made a press statement in which he criticised the Government's apparent lack of activity (no law passed between 1 and 19 August), to which the Government responded by submitting several laws to the Parliament for adoption. Recently, the Social Alliance also decided to adopt a programme which will put Plushunia "on the road to Socialism".

Government and politics

Plushunia is a unitary parliamentary republic, and it is a highly centralised state, as no administrative subdivisions had yet been legaly defined. It is a representative democracy, and the power is divided between the three separate powers of the state, and separation of powers and rule of law are supreme values of Plushunia.

In Plushunia political pluralism is also very important and emphasised on, for there exist 8 registered political parties in Plushunia.

Legislative branch

The Plushunian Parliament

The Plushunian Parliament is the legislative of Plushunia, and it is organised according to the principles of representative democracy. It is an unicameral legislature and it is composed of 30 members elected yearly using the party-list proportional election system. It votes all laws in Plushunia except of the Constitution or the constitutional ammendments. It also votes confidence votes and motions of no confidence. It meets on a weekly basis but it can be convocated in extraordinary sessions by the President or the Prime Minister.

Executive branch

The Presidency

The head of state office in Plushunia is the Presidency of Plushunia. It consists of a President and a Vice President. The functions are almost equal and the two make decisions together as a pair, but the President is both de jure and de facto more important than the Vice President, as the President only represents the nation on the foreign plan and cuts the red ribbon at inaugurations, and the Vice President does not and is considered to be subordinate to the President. The President and the Vice President are elected separately for a 1 year term (Vice President) and a 2 year term (President), and can compete for any number of terms. The presidential pair has the power to veto Parliament and Government acts, to appoint judges, dissolve the Parliament and appoint the Prime Minister from the majority party/coalition from the Parliament, the Prime Minister candidate being proposed by the majority party/coalition. The pair has to take decisions with the accord of both members. The presidential pair members may be deposed individualy by referendum. The last election for the Vice President was held on 3 and 4 August 2018.

The Government

Main article:Government of Plushunia


The Govenment of Plushunia is the executive of Plushunia and has the role of running the country on a daily basis and aplying the laws trough government decrees. It also acts as the legislative of Plushunia in the absence of the Parliament. The incumbent Cabinet is led by the Toys' Worker Party leader Ursu Polarescu and has the following structure:

Office Name Party In office since Term end
Prime Minister Ursu Polarescu PMJ 1 August 2018 Incumbent
Minister of Regional Development and Public Administration Rilă Slobozeanu PSD
Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Internal Affairs, Justice, External Affairs and National Defence Iepuroi Hop FN 4 August 2018 Incumbent
Minister of Economy, Public Finances and Commerce Ursuleț PMJ 1 August 2018 Incumbent
Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Oița Baciu PDS
Minister of Education, Research, Inovation, Youth and Sports Iepurica von Waldorf PSD
Minister of Health, Labour, Social Justice, Public Consultation and Social Dialogue Iepurica Albescu
Minister of Energy Luminel PMJ
Minister of Transports, Industry and Infrastructure Ceas Feroviaru
Minister of Culture and National Identity Ursache FPR
Minister of Enviromment, Waters, Forests and Tourism Văcuța Baciu PMJ
Minister of Communications and Online Medium Judy Hop FN
Department for Relations with Plushunians from abroad Puiuț Chițăilă Ind.
Former Ministers
Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Internal Affairs, Justice, External Affairs and National Defence Cățeluș Slobozeanu PSD 1 August 2018 4 August 2018

Politics

Political parties

Party Logo Short name Leader Foundation Date Position Colours Alliance Status Plushunian Parliament
Toys' Worker Party PMJ.jpg PMJ Ursu Polarescu October 2017 Left red Social Alliance In government, senior party in alliance
6 / 30
Social Democratic Party PSD.jpg PSD Cățeluș Slobozeanu October 2017 Center-left red Social Alliance In government, junior party in alliance
5 / 30
Social Democracy Party N/A PDS Oița Baciu 24 July 2018 Center-left orange Social Alliance In government, junior party in alliance
2 / 30
Popular Revolutionary Front N/A FPR N/A October 2017 Center-left pink Social Alliance In government, junior party in alliance
2 / 30
Democratic Party N/A PD Donald Duck October 2017 Center green Alliance of the Liberals and Democrats In opposition
5 / 30
National Liberal Party PNL.jpg PNL Ghiță Purcel October 2017 Center-right yellow, blue Alliance of the Liberals and Democrats In opposition
4 / 30
National Christian Democratic Peasants' Party PNȚCD.jpg PNȚCD Puiuț Pufoșel 24 June 2018 Center-right yellow, green Alliance of the Liberals and Democrats In opposition
4 / 30
National Front N/A FN Iepuroi Hop October 2017 Right blue N/A In government, junior party in coalition with the Social Alliance.
2 / 30

Political alliances

Alliance Logo Short name Leader Foundation Date Position Colours Parties Status Plushunian Parliament
Social Alliance N/A AS Ursu Polarescu October 2017 Center-left red In government
15 / 30
Alliance of the Liberals and Democrats N/A ALDe Ghiță Purcel July 2018 Center-right yellow, blue In opposition
13 / 30

Law and order

The Plushunian Supreme Court of Justice is the supreme court of Plushunia and the country's nominal court of last resort. As it is the only court in Plushunia, it handles all cases filed in the the country, and serves as well as the constitutional court of the country. It has 5 judges, of which one serves as the President of the Supreme Court. The judges are appointed by the presidential pair and are given a confidence vote by the Parliament and the Government.

Foreign relations

For almost 9 months since its foundation Plushunia had an isolationist foreign policy, but this ended on 14 July 2018 when the President, the Vice President and the Minister for Internal Affairs, Justice, National Defence and Foreign Affairs decided to have Plushunia join the MicroWiki Community. Currently Plushunia has diplomatic relations with two nations, Juclandia and Sabia and Verona, which also recognise plush toys as citizens.

Military

Currently the only military institution in Plushunia is the Plushunian Security Force, which acts both as an army and a police force. The Plushunian Security Force has three subdivisions (one in each region) and has 12 members, but it is poorly equiped. Currently Plushunia did not take part in any war between micronations, but the Security Forces did fight in several internal conflicts.

Geography and climate

Plushunia is divided in regions (regions with residents) and territories (regions with no residents), which are further divided in urban communes (cities) and rural communes. Every rural commune with more than 50 permanent residents and/or urban living standards and developent level becomes an urban commune. Some urban communes with over 100 residents and advanced development level (high employment rate, industrial or consumerist economy, economical growth, good living conditions and developed public services) may be declared municipalities, wich are divided in urban communes called sectors.

Region / territory Region code Population Area (square meters) Governor Structure of Regional Council
Bucharest Region B ~400 100 Cristi TBD
Ialomița Region IL ~100 1000 Mioara and Ion TBD
Aureşti Region A ~30 1000 Aura TBD
Argeș Region AG ~20 12500 TBD TBD
Muscel Territory MC 0 5000 TBD TBD

Bucharest Region

The Bucharest Region is the smallest region, at less than 100 square meters, but at 375 residents, it is by far the most populous region and has the highest population density of all. It is a mainly urban region, and most citizens live in apartment blocks. It is divided in the following subdivisions:

Municipality Commune
    -urban


    -rural

Municipality code Commune code Population Area (square meters) Communal mayor Structure of Local Council Municipality mayor Structure of General Council
Plușeni Unirea - Industriilor BP BPU ~100 ~1.5 TBD TBD TBD TBD
Plușurilor BPP ~100 ~1.5 TBD TBD
Tehnopolis BPT ~80 ~1 TBD TBD
Culturii BPC ~20 ~2 TBD TBD
N/A New Pluseni N/A BN ~10 ~20 TBD TBD N/A N/A
N/A Baia N/A BB ~30 ~3 TBD TBD N/A N/A

Ialomița region

The Ialomița region is the second smallest region (at par with Aureşti), and the second most populous. It is divided between the completely urbanised Upper Ialomița commune and the mostly rural Lower Ialomița commune. The population density, development level and urbanisation are lower than in the Bucharest region, and the economy is mostly agriculture-based. The region is an important administrative center, for it is the residence of two Presidential Counsellors and the Electoral Commision is also located there. It is divided in the following communes:

Municipality Commune
    -urban


    -rural

Municipality code Commune code Population Area (square meters) Communal mayor Structure of Local Council Municipality mayor Structure of General Council
N/A Upper Ialomița N/A ILS ~80 ~300 TBD TBD N/A N/A
N/A Lower Ialomița N/A ILJ ~ 20 ~700 TBD TBD N/A N/A

Economy

The Plushunian economy is a developing economy and is based mostly around agricultural activities, industries and services. It is mainly state-owned, with only a few private enterprises being active.

Bucharest Region

The Bucharest Region is a mainly urban region, and the economy of the region is based on industries (construction industry, food processing industry, automotive industry) and services (apartment leasing, food and commodities distribution, public transport), but the industrial products and services are available only for the plush toy citizens, and are only for domestic use. In the region most buildings and land are state-owned and rented to the individuals, enterprises and cooperatives, and most of the enterprises are state-owned. The employment rate in the Bucharest Region is the highest in Plushunia (about 60%).

Ialomița and Arges regions

The Ialomita and Arges regions are mainly rural regions, and their economy is based on agricultural activities. Most of the agricultural products are available only for the human population and while the Ialomița region products are only for domestic use, the Argeș Region is the only and largest exporter in Plushunia, some 60% of the products being exported. In the regions most of the land is privately owned, and the employment rate is low.

Currency

The official currency of the country is the Plushunian Ban. The Ban is a non-physical currency, as no banknotes are printed and the Bani only exist on the SNP (National Payment System) fiscal notes.

The National Payment System

The National Payment System (Ro: Sistemul Național de Plată) is the paper-based payment system. The system is based on uninominal fiscal notes, on which all payments and earnings made by their owners are written, together with other data regarding the transactions. The Plushunian Bani exist only on the fiscal notes, and all items are bought using the fiscal notes.

Employees' cooperatives

An important economical mechanism in Plushunia is the employee cooperative system. According to this system the employees from one company put in common their wages and propriety to form a cooperative, in which the money and goods of the cooperative members are democratically administrated. The association in cooperatives is voluntary, but the State decided to boost cooperative creation by enrolling state employees in cooperatives and giving special benefits to cooperatives and their members. An important benefit of the system is reduction of the National Payment System bureaucracy by merging individual fiscal notes into collective cooperative-based fiscal notes.

Demography

Despite its name, Plushunia does not recognise only plush toys as citizens. But in the nation the plush toys are the majoritary ethnic group, with over 60% of the citizens being plush toys. Other ethnic groups, despite their members are not plush toys, have their members also recognised as citizens. These groups are plastic toys (est.100 Plushunians) and Lego figurines (est. 50 Plushunians). The least largest ethnic group are the Romanians (7 Plushunian citizens). Apart from the office of President and some Presidential Counsellors most Plushunian politicians are of plush toy ethnicity, as are most Plushunian personalities.

Culture

As Plushunia is a new micronation, its culture is not well developed, but it is based on the Western culture and socialist and liberal influences. The country has no officialy established cultural institutions, but the incumbent Government promised the development of culture in Plushunia. Romanian culture is also an important part of the Plushunian culture, the former being most emphasised in the Arges region.

National symbols and holidays

The national symbols of Plushunia, although recently created, play an important role in its culture. The national symbols of Plushunia are:

The official holidays are:

  • Foundation Day (20 October)
  • Winter Holidays (24 December - 1 January)
  • Easter Day (eastern Orthodox Easter)
  • Workers' Day (1 May)
  • Children's Day (1 June)
  • Anthem Day (25 July)
  • Flag Day (31 July)

Aditionaly, the Government can decree two-week Official Vacations, during which only half of the population works (one half in one week, one half in the other week).

Media

The only Plushunian media institution is the Plushunian News Service, a online news service owned by the government. In the country are also available Romanian radio and television. The Plushunian Movie Theater was also opened in the evening of 31 July.

See also

External links