Gymnasium State

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Gymnasium State



Gymnasium flag standartized.pngGymnasium coat.png

Anthem
Gaudeamus igitur (Let us rejoice)

Gymnasium State (orthographic projection).png
Capital city Sušice
Largest city Sušice
Official language(s) official: Czech other: Swedish, English, German, Slovak, French, Spanish
Official religion(s) Christianity, non-religious
Demonym Gymnasian
Government Direct democracy
- President Sebastián Ryba
- Prime Minister Adam Pivetz
- Last election - 5 November 2018
Established 1 September 2017
Area claimed 0.008 km²
Population 18
Currency Czech koruna (CZK)
Time zone GMT+1
National sport "burning ball"
National dish pizza
National drink Kofola

sgygov.ml (Under construction)

Gymnasium State (sometimes State of Gymnasium; Czech: Stát Gymnázium) is a small micronation in Central Europe. Gymnasium State declared independence as Socialist State of Gymnasium on 1 September 2017 from the Czech Republic. According to its constitution, Gymnasium State is a parliamentary, democratic rule of law with a liberal state regime and a political system based on free competition of individuals. The head of the state is the President of Gymnasium State, the second highest position is the Prime Minister. The highest and the only legislature is the government of Gymnasium State, which is also at the top of the executive power.

Gymnasium State is an inland state, claiming a school in Czech town of Sušice. Gymnasium State has an area of approximately 0,008 km². It borders the Czech Republic on the entire border (0,36 km). Gymnasium State is not divided to any smaller administrative regions. The capital city is Sušice , which is also the only city, located mostly in the Czech Republic. In 2018, 18 people had a citizenship of Gymnasium State. Most of the population is accustomed to Czech nationality. Gymnasium state is a member of Union of Micronations of Central Europe, Micronational Olympic Federation and Konmalehth.

Etymology

Ancient Greek gymnasium in Olympia

The word gymnasium is the latinisation of the Greek noun γυμνάσιον (gymnasion), gymnastic school, in pl. bodily exercises and generally school which in turn is derived from the common Greek adjective γυμνός (gymnos) meaning naked by way of the related verb γυμνάζω (gymnazo), whose meaning is to train naked, train in gymnastic exercise, generally to train, to exercise. The verb had this meaning because one undressed for exercise. Historically, the gymnasium was used for exercise, communal bathing, and scholarly and philosophical pursuits. In Czech language, word gymnázium is used for type of grammar school, where Gymnasium State was founded and from which was the micronation's name derived.

History

First settlements

Archaeologic finds have demonstrated human settlement in area of Sušice probably already in the early Stone Age. Other finds come from the Early Stone Age, the Early Bronze Age and the Iron Age. At the end of the last period, the Celts settled here. Their large fortification built in the 5th century BC on the hill of Sedlo for centuries as a fortified haven, not only to the Celts themselves but also to the later inhabitants of the region, Germans during Roman times and later to the Slavs. In the 6th century, Slavs began to settle in Sušice and the population density gradually increased. They created a number of agricultural settlements and several gold-washing settlements along the river Otava. On the territory of today's town, for example, there was a settlement in Nuželice (today the eastern edge of Sušice) or a settlement at the foot of hill Svatobor. There were also found the remains of the skeletal burial ground, which the Slavs created here probably on 10th-11th century. The Sušice settlement was probably founded around 790, but the earliest written mention of it dates back to 1233. Sometime in the 12th century, the territory became part of Bavaria under the House of Bogen, but the reason is unclear.

Beginnings of the town

Around 1257, Sušice region was occupied by its future king Ottokar II of Bohemia. In the following years he built a new city by the river. In 1273 Sušice was annexed back to the Kingdom of Bohemia and it became a royal town. In 1322 the city walls were completed, which were allowed by John of Luxembourg. He also, two years later, confirmed Susice's privileges to the royal city. Charles IV. has further improved the position of the city by placing it among the cities that can not be stopped or stolen from the crown. In 1356 Sušice obtained the mile right and in 1372 the right to collect the toll. Charles's successor Wenceslaus IV. he added the right to hold a weekly annual market on the Feast of the Assumption.

Hussite wars and 16th century

Postcard from revelation of memorial of Jan Žižka

Sušice belonged to the cities that supported the Hussite movement. It was part of the Tábor city union. In 1425, for example, dryers helped conquer Švihov, participated in the siege of Pilsen in 1426, castle Zvíkov in 1429 and many other events. After the Battle of Lipany, Sušice subjugated the land unity. The drought representatives then participated in the negotiations on which the Basel compacts was adopted. Sušice has lost some of its former meaning. The rich sources of precious metals were mostly depleted and the Sušice landscape did not provide many other options for economic use by the nobility. Formerly an important region within the kingdom became a periphery. Sušice repeatedly burnt down in 1544, 1547, 1554, 1591, 1592, 1596. For denying help and obedience to King Ferdinand I., Sušice lost in 1547 some privileges (later returned) and property, and a fine was also part of the punishment. In addition, the city had to pay special beer and wine bills, and until 1788 it was supervised by the royal reaper.

Thirty Years' War and it's aftermath

The Thirty Years' War brought considerable hardships to the city, whether in the form of damage caused by the pulling troops or forced recatholization. On 27 September 1620, the city surrendered to General Marradas, because they wanted to preserve property, religious freedom, and privileges. Sušice was later actually almost returned, Ferdinand II. However, Ghent refused to affirm religious freedom, and since 1625, recatholization took place. However, the commissioners who were in charge of the process were faced with the disaffection of the population and, after many unsuccessful attempts, they came up with a so-called dragoonade. Each house was assigned a dragoon, which the burghers had to devote properly, otherwise the dragoon could be arbitrarily punished. So many people eventually turned to Catholic faith, others, on the contrary, left the country. Even after the surrender, war did not shrink from the city. In the winter of 1640, General Ottavio Piccolomini. Then the Swedes were here, and by the end of the war the Imperial troops again. In connection with population displacements caused by the war, the number of German citizens increased. The Catholic faith continued to be strengthened. In 1654 the Capuchin Monastery and Saint Felix Church were founded. Another new church building in 1682 became the pilgrimage chapel of the Holy Guardian Angels on the hill Stráž, this building is one of the dominant dominant of the present city. In the years 1678-1681, the entire region suffered from a plague epidemic. A new graveyard was created for it. In 1707, the city suffered a great fire that destroyed many homes, including the original Renaissance town hall. For centuries there was a gradual renewal of the city. During the Silesian wars and during the Seven Years' War, an army was accommodated in Sušice, which was another burden.

19th century

SOLO factory in 19th century

In Sušice, in the beginning of the 19th century, some efforts were made to promote national revival, like Amateur Theater, founded in 1800. In 1839, Vojtěch Scheinost founded the oldest matches factory in the Czech Republic, which later became SOLO factory, which exported matches to the entire world. There have been many different crafts in town. Several annual markets were held. By the end of the century limestone began to be processed. The leather industry was also important. In 1888 the city was connected to the railway. There have also been changes in the appearance of the city. City gates were demolished, and the bulk of the walls, the square and Pražská Street were paved. In 1832, nearly 4,000 people lived in the city. In 1850 and 1898 the town hall was rebuilt to its present form. In 1907, a gymnasium was founded in Sušice, and a new building was designed by architect Ladislav Skřivánek for it.

Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic

American tank liberating Sušice after World War II

After breakup of Austria-Hungary after World War I, Sušice became a part of Czechoslovakia. The real school was transformed into gymnasium. After Munich Agreement in 1938, Sušice, due to it's Czech majority, stayed part of Czechoslovakia and later of Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. The gymnasium slowly fell into German hands, and was in 1945 even closed. The city of Sušice was liberated on 6th May by US Army. After the war, communist regime has affected the town. In 1949, school chapel was transformed into culture hall, but in 1960 was the gymnasium forced to move to s different building. After the Prague Spring in 1968, Soviet tanks occupied Sušice on 21st August. After the Velvet Revolution in 1989, gymnasium moved back to the building in 1992. In 2008, SOLO factory was closed and moved to India. In 2017, group of four students founded a micronation in their class.

Independence

Independence was proclaimed on 1 September 2017 as the Socialist state of Gymnasium. Three days later was on meeting adopted a flag, and during next month, Socialist State of Gymnasium got two more citizens. However the government has never written any constitution or any other laws. Micronation became anarchy and was forgotten. It was refounded in December 2017, when more people wanted to become citizen. However, as original socialist idea failed, government started to reform the micronation. In January, Socialist State of Gymnasium was replaced by Gymnasium State, with provisional constitution written by one of founding members, Joel Novotný. First elections were held, with Adam Pivetz elected president. During January, Gymnasium State also became observer, and soon after full member of Union of Micronations of Central Europe (UMCE). Also, in January has Gymnasium State signed first international treaty, namely with MYCUS Republic. In February, official constitution was written, and it came into force on 13rd of February. In May, Gymnasium State became, after an invitation from Principality of Squamily and Friends, member of Micronational Olympic Federation (MOF).

Road to secessionism

After first year of independence, the government decided to slowly transform to secessionist micronation. Gymnasium State has signed the Wrythe Convention and it has joined the Konmalehth. The government also plans to annex some land available for its purposes.

Goverment and politics

Gymnasium State is a no-party parliamentary direct democracy, with the President and Prime Minister as heads of state. The Government (Vláda Státu Gymnázium) is unicameral.

Political parties

The Gymnasium State completely abolished the system of political parties, and thus differs from most other democratic states. In the Gymnasium State, each individual citizen stands out for his own opinions and can express them freely. However, the government plans to introduce political parties soon, as the population wanted them.

President and Prime Minister

The President and Prime Minister are formal heads of state with powers not yet determined. Both are elected every two months directly by the citizens. Every citizen can be elected only for one term a year for both positions.

Legislative and executive power

The Government of Gymnasium State is a head of both legislative and executive power, as derived from the Constitution. The members of the government are all of citizens of the state.

Right to propose new laws is held by every citizen of the country, as written in the Constitution. The draft is then passed to Government to vote, with President and Prime Minister having double vote. If both President and Prime Minister votes against the proposed draft.

Laws and justice

Gymnasium State is an unitary state with a civil law system based on the Czech law system. The basis of the legal system is the Constitution of Gymnasium State adopted in February 2017. If something is not specified by laws of Gymnasium State, Czech law applies. Gymnasium State does not have courts, however when needed, they're supplanted by the government.

Military

The army of Gymnasium State consist of the Home Defense. It's managed by the Ministry of Defence. The President Gymnasium State is Commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The army isn't professional organization, doesn't have equipment and compulsory military service is in place. The armed forces are charged with protecting Gymnasium State.

Geography

The building claimed by the Gymnasium State

Gymnasium State lies on 49.2° N and 13.5° E.

The landscape is in Gymnasium State homogeneous. It is located near river Otava, in basin of Labe. Gymnasium State is a landlocked country, and on claimed area doesn't have any water areas.

Phytogeographically, Gymnasium State belongs to the Central European province of the Circumboreal Region, within the Boreal Kingdom. According to the World Wide Fund for Nature, the territory of Gymnasium State lies in Western European broadleaf forests ecoregion, however, the territory of Gymnasium State is mostly a build-up area.

Climate

The climate is warm and temperate in Gymnasium State, as well as in entire city of Sušice. The is a great deal of rainfall in Sušice, even in the driest month. This location is classified as Cfb by Köppen and Geiger. The average annual temperature in Sušice is 8.3 °C. The rainfall here averages 2 451.8 mm.[1]

Climate data for Sušice (CZ/SGYM)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2
(36)
−3
(27)
3
(37)
16
(61)
17
(63)
18
(64)
20
(68)
22
(72)
14
(57)
11
(52)
4
(39)
0
(32)
10.3
(50.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1
(34)
−5
(23)
0
(32)
13
(55)
15
(59)
16
(61)
19
(66)
20
(68)
11
(52)
9
(48)
2
(36)
-2
(28)
8.3
(46.9)
Average low °C (°F) -1
(30)
-8
(18)
-3
(27)
8
(46)
11
(52)
14
(57)
16
(61)
15
(59)
7
(45)
6
(43)
0
(32)
-3
(27)
5.2
(41.3)
Average Precipitation mm (inches) 120.5
(4.744)
40.4
(1.591)
97.5
(3.839)
87.7
(3.453)
378.7
(14.909)
409.1
(16.106)
403.6
(15.89)
397.7
(15.657)
156.6
(6.165)
114.9
(4.524)
154.6
(6.087)
90.5
(3.563)
2,451.8
(96.528)
Source: worldweatheronline.com (data from 30 October 2018)

Economy

Gymnasium State has no stable economy. However, the government plans to start an economy. Gymnasium State uses Czech koruna as currency.

Foreign relations

Gymnasium State has opened relations with following micronations:

Formal relations

Informal relations

Gymnasium State has informal relations with all members of organizations of which is itself a member, unless it has signed a agreement of formal relations.

International organizations

The Gymnasium State is a member of following organizations:

  • Umce.png UMCE - full membership
  • New MOF Logo.png MOF - membership
  • Klogo badge.png Konmalehth - membership

Population

Gymnasium State currently has 18 citizens, which is the most in its history. However, only one person is permanently resident in claimed area, and it's not even a citizen.

Nationality composition

There are two nationalities currently registered in Gymnasium State, Czech (94.44%) and Swedish (5.56%), but some of citizens have Slovak roots.

Languages

The official languages ​​of Gymnasium State are all registered minority languages ​​(Czech, Swedish, Slovak and French) and the languages ​​taught at the school where the state is located (English, German and Spanish). However, only two of these languages ​​are actively used for official communication, namely Czech and English.

Religion

Gymnasium State officially does not support any religion. Most of the citizens aren't religious, but a few of them profess some Protestant churches.

Culture

The Culture of Gymnasium State is similar to that of the Czech Republic, from which it declared independence.

Arts

The Gymnasium State doesn't have any remarkable artists, however it's citizen patricipate to regional literature or arts competitions. One of the citizens is a member of a student theater, and there are plans to record few amateur movies.

Sport

The National Sports of the State Gymnasium is "burning ball". Apart from this, softball, floorball, volleyball, basketball and other, mainly ball games are played. The most popular watched games are foreign tournaments, mostly in football or hockey.

Olympic Games

Since May 10, Gymnasium State has been a member of the Micronational Olympic Federation, and can therefore participate in the Micronational Olympic Games. Gymnasium State has already confirmed participation in the Olympics in Millania in February 2019, and is currently compiling an Olympic team. Gymnasium State was also chosen to host 2020 MOF Games.

Cuisine

The cuisine of Gymnasium State is mostly similar to the Czech one, most popular meals are from buffets and fast foods.

Public Holidays

Most of the state holidays of the State Gymnasium were taken over from the Czech Republic, including the celebrations of Czech statehood.

There are also important days celebrated in Gymnasium State, but their current list is only provisional and created from selected important days of the Czech Republic.

List of public holidays

Date Holiday Remark
1. January New Year Beginning of new year.
Restoration Day of the Independent Czech State Foundation of independent Czech Republic in 1993.
March/April Good Friday
March/April Easter Monday
1. May Labour Day
8. May Victory Day End of Second World War in Europe in 1945.
5. July Saints Cyril and Methodius Day Church teachers St. Cyril (Constantine) and Metoděj (Methodius) came from the Balkans to Great Moravia to propagate Christian faith and literacy in 863.
6. July Jan Hus Day The religious reformer Jan Hus was burned at the stake in 1415.
1. September Independence Day Foundation of first state entity in Gymnasium State in 2017.
28. September St. Wenceslas Day St. Wenceslas, Duke of Bohemia, now patron of the Czech State, was murdered by his brother in 929 or 935.
28. October Independent Czechoslovak State Day Foundation of Czechoslovakia in 1918.
17. November Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day Commemorating the student demonstration against Nazi occupation in 1939, and the demonstration that started the Velvet Revolution in 1989.
International Student's Day
24. December Christmas Eve Celebration of Christmas.
25. December Christmas Day
26. December Second Christmas Day

List of important days

Date Day Remark
16. January Jan Palach Remembrance Day Anniversary of self-burning of student Jan Palach in 1969.
27. January Holocaust Victims Remembrance and Prevention of Crimes against Humanity Day Anniversary of liberation of concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau in 1945.
14. March Scientist's Day[2] Anniversary of birth of Albert Einstein in 1879 and death of Stephen Hawking in 2018.
28. March Jan Ámos Komenský's Birth Day Anniversary of birth of Jan Ámos Komenský in 1592.
7. April Education Day Anniversary of opening of Charles IV's university in 1348.
5. May May Uprising of the Czech People Anniversary of Prague uprising in 1945.
10. June Annihilation of Lidice Anniversary of Nazi annihilation of Lidice in 1942.
27. June Communist Regime Victims Remembrance Day Anniversary of execution of Milada Horáková in 1950.
11. November War Veterans Day Anniversary of end of the World War I in 1918.

External links

Official goverment emails:

  • stategymnasium@umse.ml

Official goverment sites:

Official Facebook:

Official Twitter:

  1. Data for Sep 2013 to Aug 2018
  2. Name is not definitely chosen