Gymnasium State

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Gymnasium State
Gymnasium flag standartized.png
Flag
Gymnasium coat.png
Coat of arms
Motto: Jednou budem dál (Czech)
We shall overcome
Anthem: Gaudeamus igitur (Latin)
Let us rejoice

Location of Gymnasium StateCoordinates:  49.235, 13.521
Location of Gymnasium State
CoordinatesLogo of the Coord template.png 49.235, 13.521
Capital
and largest city
Sušice[1]
Official languages Czech
English
Ethnic groups (2019) Czechs (94,44%)
Swedes (5,56%)
Religion Protestant (27,78%)
non-religious (72,22%)
Demonym Gymnazist (official)
Student (common)
Government Direct democracy parliamentary republic
Tomáš Zezula
• Premier
Ondřej Chalupka
Legislature Senate
Establishment
• Socialist State of Gymnasium declared independence
1 September 2017
• First elections
8 January 2018
• Adoption of Constitution
13 February 2018
• Latest elections
6 May 2019
Area
• Total
0.008 km2 (0.0031 sq mi)
• Water (%)
0
Population
• 2019 census
18
Currency Czech koruna (CZK)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Date format dd. mm. yyyy
Drives on the right
Calling code +0496
GUM 3-letter code SGY
Internet TLD .sgy (reserved, not used)

The Gymnasium State (/gɪmˈneɪzi.əm steɪt/; Czech: Stát Gymnázium), sometimes known as the State of Gymnasium, is a small micronation in Central Europe. The Gymnasium State declared independence as the Socialist State of Gymnasium on 1 September 2017 from the Czech Republic. According to its constitution, the Gymnasium State is a parliamentary, democratic rule of law with a liberal state regime and a political system based on free competition of individuals. The head of the state is the President of the Gymnasium State, the second highest position is the Premier. The highest and the only legislature is the Senate of Gymnasium State, which is also at the top of the executive power.

The Gymnasium State is an landlocked state, claiming a school in Czech town of Sušice. The Gymnasium State has an area of approximately 0,008 km². It borders the Czech Republic on the entire border (0,36 km). The Gymnasium State is not divided to any smaller administrative regions. The capital city is Sušice , which is also the only city, located mostly in the Czech Republic. In 2019, 18 people had a citizenship of the Gymnasium State. Most of the population is accustomed to Czech nationality. The Gymnasium State is a member of the Union of Micronations of Central Europe, Micronational Olympic Federation, Konmalehth and Grand Unified Micronational.

Etymology

Ancient Greek gymnasium in Olympia

The word gymnasium is the latinisation of the Greek noun γυμνάσιον (gymnasion), gymnastic school, in pl. bodily exercises and generally school which in turn is derived from the common Greek adjective γυμνός (gymnos) meaning naked by way of the related verb γυμνάζω (gymnazo), whose meaning is to train naked, train in gymnastic exercise, generally to train, to exercise. The verb had this meaning because one undressed for exercise. Historically, the gymnasium was used for exercise, communal bathing, and scholarly and philosophical pursuits. In Czech language, word gymnázium is used for type of grammar school, where Gymnasium State was founded and from which was the micronation's name derived.

History

Independence

Independence was proclaimed on 1 September 2017 as the Socialist state of Gymnasium. Three days later was on meeting adopted a flag, and during next month, the Socialist State of Gymnasium got two more citizens. However the government has never written any constitution or any other laws. The micronation became anarchy and was forgotten. It was refounded in December 2017, when more people wanted to become citizen. However, as original socialist idea failed, government started to reform the micronation. In January, the Socialist State of Gymnasium was replaced by the Gymnasium State, with provisional constitution written by one of founding members, Joel Novotný. First elections were held, with Adam Pivetz elected president. During January, the Gymnasium State also became observer, and soon after full member of Union of Micronations of Central Europe (UMCE). Also, in January the Gymnasium State signed has first international treaty, namely Treaty of diplomatic relations with MYCUS Republic. In February, official constitution was written, and it came into force on 13 of February. During the same month, the Gymnasium State has participated in the Gymnazist-Bohemian Crisis. In May, the Gymnasium State became, after an invitation from Principality of Squamily and Friends, member of Micronational Olympic Federation (MOF).

Road to secessionism

After first year of independence, the government decided to slowly transform to secessionist micronation. The Gymnasium State has signed the Wrythe Convention and joined the Konmalehth and Grand Unified Micronational (GUM). New version of Constitution came into force and many other plans for internal changes, including possible annexation of new territory, available for government purposes, are prepared in so-called 2019 Modernization Project.

Goverment and politics

The Gymnasium State is a parliamentary direct democracy, with the President and Premier as heads of state. The Senate (Senát Státu Gymnázium) is unicameral.

Political parties

Originally, the Gymnasium State completely abolished the system of political parties, and was thus different from most other democratic states. However, the political parties were reintroduced due to high demand from the population. The political parties does not have any function in the legislative or executive processes of the country, and were created to show political spectrum of the Gymnasium State for foreign observers. Currently, there are two registered political parties.

Party Logo Party Leader Spectrum Idieolgies Members
Občanská Republikánská Strana
(Civic Republican Party)
ORS ORS logo 1.png Radek Vastl Right-wing Conservatism
7 / 18
Sociální Liberálové
(Social Liberals)
SL SL logo 2.png František Prášek Left-wing Social liberalism
Social democracy
9 / 18
Independent
2 / 18

President and Premier

The President and Premier are formal heads of state with powers not yet determined. Both are elected every two months directly by the citizens. Every citizen can be elected only for one term a year for both positions. Acting President is Tomáš Zezula and acting Premier is Ondřej Chalupka.

Legislative and executive power

The Senate of Gymnasium State is unicameral head of both legislative and executive power, as derived from the Constitution. The members of the government are all of citizens of the state.

Right to propose new laws is held by every citizen of the country, as written in the Constitution. The draft is then passed to Senate to vote, with President and Premier having double vote, and it's required to get over 50% of votes (66% for constitional changes) to pass. If both President and Premier votes against the proposed draft, it is automatically rejected.

Laws and justice

The Gymnasium State is an unitary state with a civil law system based on the Czech law system. The basis of the legal system is the Constitution of Gymnasium State adopted in February 2018. If something is not specified by laws of Gymnasium State, Czech law applies. The Gymnasium State does not have courts, however when needed, they're supplanted by the government. However, current justice system has been criticized for it may be unfair or biased.

Military

The military of the Gymnasium State consists of Home Defense. The Home Defense are unprofessional and barely equipped militia created for case of attack on the Gymnasium State. As soldiers of the Home Defence are enlisted all citizens of the Gymnasium State, meaning that currently it can mobilize 18 men. The Home Defense is disbanded for most of time, and is mobilized only on government resolution. The President is the Commander-in-chief.

Geography

The building claimed by the Gymnasium State

The Gymnasium State lies on 49.2° N and 13.5° E.

The landscape is in the Gymnasium State homogeneous. It is located near river Otava, in basin of Vltava and later Elbe. The Gymnasium State is a landlocked country, and on claimed area doesn't have any water areas.

Phytogeographically, the Gymnasium State belongs to the Central European province of the Circumboreal Region, within the Boreal Kingdom. According to the World Wide Fund for Nature, the territory of the Gymnasium State lies in Western European broadleaf forests ecoregion, however, the territory of the Gymnasium State is mostly a build-up area.

Climate

The Gymnasium State has warm and temperate climate. The is a great deal of rainfall in the Gymnasium State, even in the driest month. This location is classified as Cfb by Köppen and Geiger. The average annual temperature in Sušice is 8.3 °C. The rainfall here averages 204.3 mm.[2]

Climate data for Sušice (CZE/SGY)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2
(36)
−3
(27)
3
(37)
16
(61)
17
(63)
18
(64)
20
(68)
22
(72)
14
(57)
11
(52)
4
(39)
0
(32)
10.3
(50.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1
(34)
−5
(23)
0
(32)
13
(55)
15
(59)
16
(61)
19
(66)
20
(68)
11
(52)
9
(48)
2
(36)
-2
(28)
8.3
(46.9)
Average low °C (°F) -1
(30)
-8
(18)
-3
(27)
8
(46)
11
(52)
14
(57)
16
(61)
15
(59)
7
(45)
6
(43)
0
(32)
-3
(27)
5.2
(41.3)
Average Precipitation mm (inches) 120.5
(4.744)
40.4
(1.591)
97.5
(3.839)
87.7
(3.453)
378.7
(14.909)
409.1
(16.106)
403.6
(15.89)
397.7
(15.657)
156.6
(6.165)
114.9
(4.524)
154.6
(6.087)
90.5
(3.563)
204.3
(8.043)
Source: worldweatheronline.com (data from 30 October 2018)

Economy

The Gymnasium State doesn't have it's own economy, and has GDP of 0 USD with 0% growth. However, some of citizens have started their own small business, lowering the unemployment rate to 0%. The Gymnasium State uses currency of neighboring Czech Republic, Czech koruna, which simplifies integration with Czech market.

Foreign relations

The Gymnasium State has established and maintains diplomatic relations with many other nations, including Mercia, Karnia-Ruthenia, Slavistonia and more. Gymnasium State distinguish two types of diplomatic relations, formal, which are obtained via treaty, and informal, specified by documents of common micronational organizations.

The Gymnasium State tries to keep its foreign policy as neutral as possible, and solve conflicts and disputes diplomatically. The Gymnasium State however strongly oposes fiction and fictional micronations.

Population

The Gymnasium State currently have 18 citizens, which is the most since the independence of the micronation. However, due to territorial claims of the Gymnasium State, all citizens of the micronation currently resides abroad, namely in the Czech Republic. 61,11% of citizens resides in towns over 10 000 population, while 38,89% lives in smaller towns and villages.

Nationality composition

The Gymnasium State is not a nation state, however it's almost homogeneous with 94,44% citizens consider themselves members of Czech and 5,56% of Swedish nationality. Some of the citizens also has ancestors of Moravian or Slovak origins.

Languages

There are six official languages registered in the Gymnasium State, however most of them are just formally recognized minority languages which are not commonly used. The most used language in the Gymnasium State is Czech, used for everyday communication as well as legislation. English is not native language of population, but it's the second most used language, used for diplomacy, and it's planned to translate legislation to English as well.

Religion

Officially, the Gymnasium State doesn't support any religion. The free expression of religion is guaranteed in the Gymnasium State, however only 27,78% of citizens profess some of Protestant churches, while the rest is secular.

Culture

The Culture of the Gymnasium State is similar to culture of the Czech Republic, from which was declared independence.

Arts

The the Gymnasium State doesn't have any remarkable artists, however it's citizen patricipate to regional literature or arts competitions. Few of citizens are members of regional youth choir Sušický dětský sbor (Sušice Youth Choir) or actors of student theatre Divadlo Bezejména (Noname Theater), which also presents it's plays on the territory of the Gymnasium State[3]. There are also plans to create a few amateur movies.

Sport

The national sport of the Gymnasium State is "burning ball". Apart from this, softball, floorball, volleyball, basketball and other, mainly ball games are played. The most popular watched games are foreign tournaments, mostly in football or hockey.

Olympic Games

Since 10 May 2018, the Gymnasium State has been a member of the Micronational Olympic Federation, and can therefore participate in the Micronational Olympic Games. The Gymnasium State patricipated in 2019 MOF Games in Millania, where it got two gold, silver and bronze medals each, ending on second place. The Gymnasium State was also chosen to host 2020 MOF Games.

Cuisine

The cuisine of the Gymnasium State is mostly similar to the Czech one, most popular meals are from buffets fast foods and school canteens. Apart of traditional Czech dishes, foreign ones are also popular, including for instance pizza, which is the national food of the Gymnasium State, or kebab.

Public Holidays

Most of the state holidays of the Gymnasium State were taken from the Czech Republic, including the celebrations of Czech statehood.

There are also important days celebrated in the Gymnasium State, but their current list is only provisional and created from selected important days of the Czech Republic.

List of public holidays

Date Holiday Remark
1. January New Year's Day Beginning of new year.
Restoration Day of the Independent Czech State Foundation of independent Czech Republic in 1993.
March/April Good Friday
March/April Easter Monday
1. May Labour Day
8. May Victory Day End of Second World War in Europe in 1945.
May Majáles Student celebrations of the month May.
5. July Saints Cyril and Methodius Day Church teachers St. Cyril (Constantine) and

Metoděj (Methodius) came from the Balkans to Great Moravia to propagate Christian faith and literacy in 863.

6. July Jan Hus Day The religious reformer Jan Hus was burned at the stake in 1415.
1. September Independence Day Foundation of the first state entity in the Gymnasium State in 2017.
28. September St. Wenceslas Day St. Wenceslas, Duke of Bohemia was murdered by his brother in 929 or 935.
28. October Independent Czechoslovak State Day Foundation of Czechoslovakia in 1918.
17. November Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day Commemorating the student demonstration against Nazi occupation in 1939, and the demonstration that started the Velvet Revolution in 1989.
International Student's Day
24. December Christmas Eve Celebration of Christmas.
25. December Christmas Day
26. December Second Christmas Day

List of important days

Date Day Remark
16. January Jan Palach Remembrance Day Anniversary of self-burning of student Jan Palach in 1969.
27. January Memorial Day for the Victims of the Holocaust and Prevention of Crimes against Humanity Anniversary of liberation of concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau in 1945.
14. March Science Day[4] Anniversary of birth of Albert Einstein in 1879 and death of Stephen Hawking in 2018.
28. March Jan Ámos Komenský's Birth Day Anniversary of birth of Jan Ámos Komenský in 1592.
7. April Education Day Anniversary of opening of Charles IV's university in 1348.
5. May May Uprising of the Czech People Anniversary of Prague uprising in 1945.
6. May Liberation Day Anniversary of liberation of Sušice in 1945.
25. May Towel Day Commemoration of a writer Douglas Adams.
10. June Lidice Massacre Remembrance Day Anniversary of Nazi annihilation of Lidice in 1942.
27. June Communist Regime Victims Remembrance Day Anniversary of execution of Milada Horáková in 1950.
11. November Veterans' Day Anniversary of end of the World War I in 1918.

External links

Government email
Unused Czech websites
Unused English websites
News
Planned government portal
Governmental Facebook
Governmental Twitter

References and notes

  1. Sušice is claimed to be capital city, however the government doesn't have any power over the town
  2. Data for Sep 2017 to Aug 2018
  3. The theatre or the choir are not run or sponsored by the State
  4. Name is not definitely chosen