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| Gymnasium State|
Gaudeamus igitur (Let us rejoice)
|Official language(s)||official: Czech other: Swedish, English, German, Slovak, French, Spanish|
|Official religion(s)||Christianity, non-religious|
|- President||Jan Švejd|
|- Prime Minister||František Šperl|
|- Last election||- 3 September 2018|
|Established||1 September 2017|
|Area claimed||0.008 km²|
|Currency||Czech koruna (CZK)|
|National sport||"burning ball"|
sgygov.ml (Under construction)
Gymnasium State (sometimes State of Gymnasium; Czech: Stát Gymnázium) is a small micronation in Central Europe. Gymnasium State declared independence as Socialist State of Gymnasium on 1 September 2017 from the Czech Republic. According to its constitution, Gymnasium State is a parliamentary, democratic rule of law with a liberal state regime and a political system based on free competition of individuals. The head of the state is the President of Gymnasium State, the second highest position is the Prime Minister. The highest and the only legislature is the government of Gymnasium State, which is also at the top of the executive power.
Gymnasium State is an inland state, claiming a school in Czech town of Sušice. Gymnasium State has an area of approximately 0,008 km². It borders the Czech Republic on the entire border (0,36 km). Gymnasium State is not divided to any smaller administrative regions. The capital city is Sušice , which is also the only city, located mostly in the Czech Republic. In 2018, 18 people had a citizenship of Gymnasium State. Most of the population is accustomed to Czech nationality.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Goverment
- 4 Geography
- 5 Economy
- 6 Foreign relations
- 7 Population
- 8 Culture
- 9 External links
The word gymnasium is the latinisation of the Greek noun γυμνάσιον (gymnasion), gymnastic school, in pl. bodily exercises and generally school which in turn is derived from the common Greek adjective γυμνός (gymnos) meaning naked by way of the related verb γυμνάζω (gymnazo), whose meaning is to train naked, train in gymnastic exercise, generally to train, to exercise. The verb had this meaning because one undressed for exercise. Historically, the gymnasium was used for exercise, communal bathing, and scholarly and philosophical pursuits. In Czech language, word gymnázium is used for type of grammar school, where Gymnasium State was founded and from which was the micronation's name derived.
Archaeologic finds have demonstrated human settlement in area of Sušice probably already in the early Stone Age. Other finds come from the Early Stone Age, the Early Bronze Age and the Iron Age. At the end of the last period, the Celts settled here. Their large fortification built in the 5th century BC on the hill of Sedlo for centuries as a fortified haven, not only to the Celts themselves but also to the later inhabitants of the region, Germans during Roman times and later to the Slavs. In the 6th century, Slavs began to settle in Sušice and the population density gradually increased. They created a number of agricultural settlements and several gold-washing settlements along the river Otava. On the territory of today's town, for example, there was a settlement in Nuželice (today the eastern edge of Sušice) or a settlement at the foot of hill Svatobor. There were also found the remains of the skeletal burial ground, which the Slavs created here probably on 10th-11th century. The Sušice settlement was probably founded around 790, but the earliest written mention of it dates back to 1233. Sometime in the 12th century, the territory became part of Bavaria under the House of Bogen, but the reason is unclear.
Beginnings of the town
Around 1257, Sušice region was occupied by its future king Ottokar II of Bohemia. In the following years he built a new city by the river. In 1273 Sušice was annexed back to the w:Kingdom of Bohemia and it became a royal town. In 1322 the city walls were completed, which were allowed by John of Luxembourg. He also, two years later, confirmed Susice's privileges to the royal city. Charles IV. has further improved the position of the city by placing it among the cities that can not be stopped or stolen from the crown. In 1356 Sušice obtained the mile right and in 1372 the right to collect the toll. Charles's successor Wenceslaus IV. he added the right to hold a weekly annual market on the Feast of the Assumption.
Hussite wars and 16th century
Sušice belonged to the cities that supported the Hussite movement. It was part of the Tábor city union. In 1425, for example, dryers helped conquer Švihov, participated in the siege of Pilsen in 1426, castle Zvíkov in 1429 and many other events. After the Battle of Lipany, Sušice subjugated the land unity. The drought representatives then participated in the negotiations on which the Basel compacts was adopted. Sušice has lost some of its former meaning. The rich sources of precious metals were mostly depleted and the Sušice landscape did not provide many other options for economic use by the nobility. Formerly an important region within the kingdom became a periphery. Sušice repeatedly burnt down in 1544, 1547, 1554, 1591, 1592, 1596. For denying help and obedience to King Ferdinand I., Sušice lost in 1547 some privileges (later returned) and property, and a fine was also part of the punishment. In addition, the city had to pay special beer and wine bills, and until 1788 it was supervised by the royal reaper.
Thirty Years' War and it's aftermath
The Thirty Years' War brought considerable hardships to the city, whether in the form of damage caused by the pulling troops or forced recatholization. On 27 September 1620, the city surrendered to General Marradas, because they wanted to preserve property, religious freedom, and privileges. Sušici was later actually almost returned, Ferdinand II. However, Ghent refused to affirm religious freedom, and since 1625, recatholization took place. However, the commissioners who were in charge of the process were faced with the disaffection of the population and, after many unsuccessful attempts, they came up with a so-called dragoonade. Each house was assigned a dragoon, which the burghers had to devote properly, otherwise the dragoon could be arbitrarily punished. So many people eventually turned to Catholic faith, others, on the contrary, left the country. Even after the surrender, war did not shrink from the city. In the winter of 1640, General Ottavio Piccolomini. Then the Swedes were here, and by the end of the war the Imperial troops again. In connection with population displacements caused by the war, the number of German citizens increased. The Catholic faith continued to be strengthened. In 1654 the Capuchin Monastery and Saint Felix Church were founded. Another new church building in 1682 became the pilgrimage chapel of the Holy Guardian Angels on the hill Stráž, this building is one of the dominant dominant of the present city. In the years 1678-1681, the entire region suffered from a plague epidemic. A new graveyard was created for it. In 1707, the city suffered a great fire that destroyed many homes, including the original Renaissance town hall. For centuries there was a gradual renewal of the city. During the Silesian wars and during the Seven Years War, an army was accommodated in Sušice, which was another burden.
In Sušice, in the beginning of the 19th century, some efforts were made to promote national revival, like Amateur Theater, founded in 1800. In 1839, Vojtěch Scheinost founded the oldest matches factory in the Czech Republic, which later became SOLO factory, which exported matches to the entire world. There have been many different crafts in town. Several annual markets were held. By the end of the century limestone began to be processed. The leather industry was also important. In 1888 the city was connected to the railway. There have also been changes in the appearance of the city. City gates were demolished, and the bulk of the walls, the square and Pražská Street were paved. In 1832, nearly 4,000 people lived in the city. In 1850 and 1898 the town hall was rebuilt to its present form. In 1907, a gymnasium was founded in Sušice, and a new building was designed by architect Ladislav Skřivánek for it.
Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic
After breakup of Austria-Hungary, Sušice became a part of Czechoslovakia. The real school was transformed into gymnasium. After Munich Agreement in 1938, Sušice, due to it's Czech majority, stayed part of Czechoslovakia and later of Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. The gymnasium slowly fell into German hands, and in 1945 even closed. The city of Sušice was liberated on 6th May by US Army. After the war, communist regime has affected the town. In 1949, school chapel was transformed into culture hall, but in 1960 was the gymnasium forced to move to s different building. After the Prague Spring in 1968, Soviet tanks occupied Sušice on 21st August. After the Velvet revolution in 1989, gymnasium moved back to the building in 1992. In 2008, SOLO factory was closed and moved to India. In 2017, group of four students founded a micronation in their class.
Independence was proclaimed on 1 September 2017 as the Socialist state of Gymnasium. Three days later was on meeting adopted a flag, and during next month, Socialist State of Gymnasium got two more citizens. However the government has never written any constitution or any other laws. Micronation became anarchy and was forgotten. It was refounded in December 2017, when more people wanted to become citizen. However, as original socialist idea failed, government started to reform the micronation. In January, Socialist State of Gymnasium was replaced by Gymnasium State, with provisional constitution written by one of founding members, Joel Novotný. First elections were held, with Adam Pivetz elected president. During January, Gymnasium State also became observer, and soon after full member of Union of Micronations of Central Europe (UMCE). Also, in January has Gymnasium State signed first international treaty, namely with MYCUS Republic. In February, official constitution was written, and it came into force on 13rd of February. In May, Gymnasium State became, after an invitation from Principality of Squamily and Friends, member of Micronational Olympic Federation (MOF).
The political system of Gymnasium State is somewhat unusual in the world.
All citizens are automatically in the goverment.
The Gymnasium State completely abolished the system of political parties, and thus differs from most other democratic states. In the Gymnasium State, each individual citizen stands out for his own opinions and can express them freely.
However, the government plans to introduce political parties soon.
Legislative and executive power
The government of the Gymnasium State represents at the same time a executive power, namely the ministers overseeing each its sectors, and at the same time the legislature, that all ministers have the right to propose and approve new laws.
President and Prime Minister
There are two government positions in the Gymnasium State, the President and the Prime Minister, but they are rather representative. The bearers of these titles therefore hold their ministry posts even during their "reign".
Both the President and the Prime Minister are elected every first Monday of each second month. One person may be elected by the President only once a year, but be a Prime Minister for several consecutive terms in succession.
The government is working on new law, slightly editing the President and Prime Minister terms.
The Gymnasium State does not have a classical judicial system. If a citizen breaks a law, the whole government will impose a corresponding penalty upon him after the debate.
Army of Gymnasium State consist from home defense, mobilized in case of danger.
Gymnasium State is fully surrounded by Czech Republic. The territory of the Gymnasium State is flat, and the difference between the lowest and the highest point is not even one meter. Most of the territory is a built-up area; on the contrary, water areas are not here.
The climate is warm and temperate in Gymnasium State, as well as in entire city of Sušice. The is a great deal of rainfall in Sušice, even in the driest month. This location is classified as Cfb by Köppen and Geiger. The average annual temperature in Sušice is 7.5 °C. The rainfall here averages 776 mm.
|Climate data for Sušice (CZ/SGYM)|
|Average high °C (°F)||0.2
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−2.9
|Average low °C (°F)||-5.9
|Average Precipitation mm (inches)||60
|Source: Climate-Data.ORG (data from 11 December 2013)|
Gymnasium State has no stable economy. Although there is a school on the territory of Gymnasium State, it is not financed by the government, but by the Czech Republic, namely the Pilsen Region. It is therefore registered as a foreign firm from the point of view of Gymnasium State.
Gymnasium State has opened relations with following micronations:
- Lurk, Noble Republic of - recognition, formal relations
- Arkonia, Federal Kingdom of - recognition, formal relations
- Kaion, Democratic Republic of - recognition, formal relations
- Alperia, Empire of - recognition, formal relations
- Mekniy, Mekkism of - recognition, formal relations
- Sycamore, Kingdom of - recognition, formal relations
- Paxland, Kingdom of - recognition, formal relations
- Karnia-Ruthenia, Empire of - recognition, formal relations
- Aenderia, Republic of - recognition, formal relations
- Ostzeletania, Polity of - recognition, formal relations
- Hotland, Democratic Republic of - recognition, formal relations
Gymnasium State has informal relations with all members of organizations of which is itself a member, unless it has signed a agreement of formal relations.
The Gymnasium State is a member of following organizations:
Gymnasium State currently has 18 citizens, which is the most in its history. However, only one person is permanently resident in claimed area, and it's not even a citizen.
There are two nationalities currently registered in Gymnasium State, Czech (94.44%) and Swedish (5.56%), but some of citizens have Slovak roots.
The official languages of Gymnasium State are all registered minority languages (Czech, Swedish, Slovak and French) and the languages taught at the school where the state is located (English, German and Spanish). However, only two of these languages are actively used for official communication, namely Czech and English.
Gymnasium State officially does not support any religion. Most of the citizens aren't religious, but a few of them profess some Protestant churches.
The Culture of Gymnasium State is similar to that of the Czech Republic, from which it declared independence.
Theater and film
The National Sports of the State Gymnasium is "burning ball". Apart from this, softball, floorball, volleyball, basketball and other, mainly ball games are played. The most popular watched games are foreign tournaments, mostly in football or hockey.
Since May 10, Gymnasium State has been a member of the Micronational Olympic Federation, and can therefore participate in the Micronational Olympic Games. Gymnasium State has already confirmed participation in the Olympics in Millania in February 2019, and is currently compiling an Olympic team. Gymnasium State was also chosen to host 2020 MOF Games.
The cuisine of Gymnasium State is mostly similar to the Czech one, most popular meals are from buffets and fast foods.
Most of the state holidays of the State Gymnasium were taken over from the Czech Republic, including the celebrations of Czech statehood
List of public holidays
|1. January||New Year
Restoration Day of the Independent Czech State
|Beginning of new year|
Foundation of independent Czech Republic in 1993.
|1. May||Labour Day|
|8. May||Victory Day||End of Second World War in Europe in 1945.|
|5. July||Saints Cyril and Methodius Day||Church teachers St. Cyril (Constantine) and Metoděj (Methodius) came from the Balkans to Great Moravia to propagate Christian faith and literacy in 863.|
|6. July||Jan Hus Day||The religious reformer Jan Hus was burned at the stake in 1415.|
|1. September||Independence Day||Foundation of first state entity in Gymnasium State in 2017.|
|28. September||St. Wenceslas Day||St. Wenceslas, Duke of Bohemia, now patron of the Czech State, was murdered by his brother in 929 or 935.|
|28. October||Independent Czechoslovak State Day||Foundation of Czechoslovakia in 1918.|
|17. November||Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day
International Student's Day
|Commemorating the student demonstration against Nazi occupation in 1939, and the demonstration that started the Velvet Revolution in 1989.|
|24. December||Christmas Eve||Celebration of Christmas.|
|25. December||Christmas Day|
|26. December||Second Christmas Day|
Official goverment emails:
Official goverment sites:
- (Czech): gymnasiumstate.webnode.cz
- (English): gymnasium-state.webnode.com
- News (English): sgymnews.wordpress.com
- New government portal (English , under construction): sgygov.ml
- Data for 2013