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and largest city
|Ethnic groups (2020)||Czechs (80.65%)|
|Demonym||Gymnazist, Gymnasian (official)|
|Government||Direct democracy parliamentary republic|
• Socialist State of Gymnasium declared independence
|1 September 2017|
|8 January 2018|
• Adoption of Constitution
|13 February 2018|
|6 July 2020|
|0.000912 km2 (0.000352 sq mi)|
• Water (%)
• 2020 census
|Currency||Czech koruna (CZK)|
|Time zone||GSMT (UTC+1:00:01)|
• Summer (DST)
|Date format||dd. mm. yyyy|
|Drives on the||right|
|Calling code||+0496 (MPTA)|
|GUM 3-letter code||SGY|
|Internet TLD||.sgy (reserved, not used)|
The Gymnasium State (/gɪmˈneɪzi.əm steɪt/; Czech: Stát Gymnázium), sometimes known as the State of Gymnasium, is a small self declared country[a], commonly known as a micronation, in Central Europe. The Gymnasium State declared independence as the Socialist State of Gymnasium on 1 September 2017 from the Czech Republic. According to its constitution, the Gymnasium State is a parliamentary, democratic rule of law with a liberal state regime and a political system based on free competition of individuals. The head of the state is the President of the Gymnasium State, the second highest position is the Premier. The highest and the only legislature is the Senate of Gymnasium State, which is also at the top of the executive power.
The Gymnasium State is an landlocked state, claiming a school in Czech town of Sušice. The Gymnasium State has an area of approximately 0,00912 km². It borders the Czech Republic on the entire border (0,36 km). The Gymnasium State has only one smaller administrative region Sušice-Gympl, which also serves as the capital city. In 2020, 31 people had a citizenship of the Gymnasium State. Most of the population is accustomed to Czech nationality. The Gymnasium State is a member of the Union of Micronations of Central Europe, Micronational Olympic Federation, Konmalehth and Grand Unified Micronational.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Goverment and politics
- 4 Geography
- 5 Economy
- 6 Foreign relations
- 7 Population
- 8 Culture
- 9 External links
- 10 References and notes
The word gymnasium is the latinisation of the Greek noun γυμνάσιον (gymnasion), gymnastic school, in pl. bodily exercises and generally school which in turn is derived from the common Greek adjective γυμνός (gymnos) meaning naked by way of the related verb γυμνάζω (gymnazo), whose meaning is to train naked, train in gymnastic exercise, generally to train, to exercise. The verb had this meaning because one undressed for exercise. Historically, the gymnasium was used for exercise, communal bathing, and scholarly and philosophical pursuits. In Czech language, word gymnázium is used for type of grammar school, where Gymnasium State was founded and from which was the micronation's name derived. The citizens can be described as Gymnazists.
There are two official pronunciations of Gymnasium State, /gɪmˈneɪzi.əm steɪt/ and /dʒɪmˈneɪzi.əm steɪt/, both commonly used. The first pronunciation, /gɪmˈneɪzi.əm/, is based on the Czech pronunciation of the word gymnázium ([gɪmnaːzɪjʊm]). The variant is largely used by the Czech people of the micronation, and it is unofficially endorsed by the micronation to avoid confusion with the English word gymnasium. The other pronunciation, /dʒɪmˈneɪzi.əm/, based on the pronunciation of the English word gymnasium (/dʒɪmˈneɪzi.əm/), is also used very often, mostly outside the Czech population.
Prior to it's independence, the territory of Gymnasium State was a part of the Lands of the Bohemian Crown, Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic. In autumn of 2016, a group of students of gymnasium in Sušice and later citizens of Gymnasium State created multiple state-like entities, the most developed of them was called The Imperium. The Imperium did not consider itself as a micronation, although it would fall in the category. The Imperium had four citizens for the time of its existence, however not much other information is known nowadays. It soon collapsed during the spring of 2017.
On 1 September 2017, another four students proclaimed the independence of the Socialist State of Gymnasium. Three days later was on meeting adopted a flag, and soon the Socialist State of Gymnasium got two more citizens. However, the micronation had no activity, soon became an anarchy and was quickly forgotten. Despite the word socialist included in the name, the micronation distanced from the communist totalitarian regimes, and the word was included to represent the original idea of equality.
In November 2017, the activity of the micronation started to rise again, when more people, including former members of The Imperium, were interested in joining. As the original idea failed, the Council decided to reform the micronation. The word socialist was dropped, flag was redesigned and the Provisional Constitution by John Joel Novotný was adopted. First elections were held, with Adam Pivetz elected as the President and František Prášek as the Premier. The Gymnasium State also signed has first international treaty, namely Treaty of diplomatic relations with MYCUS Republic. During first half of February, the Gymnasium State has participated in the Gymnasian-Bohemian Crisis. Meanwhile, the official constitution was written, and it came into force on thirteenth of the month. In May, the Gymnasium State became, after an invitation from Principality of Squamily and Friends, member of Micronational Olympic Federation (MOF), and it firstly actively participated in the MicroWiki community. On 1 June, the citizenship applications were temporary closed.
After the first year of independence, the government decided to start modernizing micronation, and created the 2019 Modernization Project. Near end of 2018, ideas for new territories were getting support, however those plans were later abandoned. The Gymnasium State has signed the Wrythe Convention, became one of co-founders of the Konmalehth and was accepted to the Grand Unified Micronational (GUM). On 13 February 2019, the second constitutional amendment was adopted abolishing the ministries created by the Provisional Constitution, and in April the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms was adopted. On 1 September 2019, the Citizenship Applications were re-released, and a small advertisement campaign started on the school. Other important event was the Sušice summit, held on 28 September. The first and only administrative division was created in October, serving as the capital since. Many other plans were prepared until the end of the year, including creation of the Judicial Council and adoption of long planned laws, and will be adopted in 2020.
Goverment and politics
Originally, the Gymnasium State completely abolished the system of political parties, and was thus different from most other democratic states. However, the political parties were reintroduced due to high demand from the population. The political parties does not have any function in the legislative or executive processes of the country, and were created to show political spectrum of the Gymnasium State for foreign observers. Currently, there are two registered political parties.
|Občanská Republikánská Strana
(Civic Republican Party)
|SL||František Prášek||Left-wing||Social liberalism
President and Premier
The President and Premier are formal heads of state with powers not yet determined. Both are elected every two months directly by the citizens. Every citizen can be elected only for one term a year for both positions. Current President is Daniel Švíka and current Premier is František Prášek.
Legislative and executive power
Right to propose new laws is held by every citizen of the country, as written in the Constitution. The draft is then passed to Senate to vote, with President and Premier having double vote, and it's required to get over 50% of votes (60% for constitional changes) to pass. If both President and Premier votes against the proposed draft, it is automatically rejected.
Laws and justice
The Gymnasium State is an unitary state with a civil law system based on the Czech law system. The basis of the legal system is the Constitution of Gymnasium State adopted in February 2018. If something is not specified by laws of Gymnasium State, Czech law applies. The Gymnasium State does not have courts, however when needed, they're supplanted by the government. However, current justice system has been criticized for it may be unfair or biased.
The military of the Gymnasium State consists of Home Defense. The Home Defense are unprofessional and barely equipped militia created for case of attack on the Gymnasium State. As soldiers of the Home Defence are enlisted all citizens of the Gymnasium State, meaning that currently it can mobilize 26 men. The Home Defense is disbanded for most of time, and is mobilized only on government resolution. The President is the Commander-in-chief.
The Gymnasium State lies on 49.2° N and 13.5° E. It borders the Czech Republic, it's nearest neighboring states are Principality of Posaf, in a territory of Nievenorte province approximately 500 m south of the Gymnasium State, and the Federal Republic of Germany, on the Czech–Bavarian border near Prášily approximately 21 km southwest of the Gymnasium State.
The landscape is in the Gymnasium State homogeneous. It is located near river Otava, in basin of Vltava and later Elbe. The Gymnasium State is a landlocked country, and on claimed area doesn't have any water areas.
Phytogeographically, the Gymnasium State belongs to the Central European province of the Circumboreal Region, within the Boreal Kingdom. According to the World Wide Fund for Nature, the territory of the Gymnasium State lies in Western European broadleaf forests ecoregion, however, the territory of the Gymnasium State is mostly a build-up area.
The Gymnasium State has warm and temperate climate. The is a great deal of rainfall in the Gymnasium State, even in the driest month. This location is classified as Cfb by Köppen and Geiger. The average annual temperature in Sušice is 8.3 °C. The rainfall here averages 204.3 mm.[b]
|Climate data for Sušice (CZE), Sušice-Gympl (SGY)|
|Average high °C (°F)||2
|Daily mean °C (°F)||1
|Average low °C (°F)||-1
|Average Precipitation mm (inches)||120.5
|Source: worldweatheronline.com (data from 30 October 2018)|
For the existence of the Gymnasium State, there were no lower administrative regions. This changed on 19 October 2019, when the only administrative region has been established.
|Sušice-Gympl||19 October 2019||31 de iure
0 de facto
The Gymnasium State doesn't have it's own economy, and has GDP of 0 USD with 0% growth. However, some of citizens have started their own small business, lowering the unemployment rate to 0%. The Gymnasium State uses currency of neighboring Czech Republic, Czech koruna, which simplifies integration with Czech market.
The Gymnasium State has established and maintains diplomatic relations with many other nations, including Karnia-Ruthenia, Mahuset, Essexia and more. Gymnasium State distinguish two types of diplomatic relations, formal, which are obtained via treaty, and informal, specified by documents of common micronational organizations.
Apart the international community, the Gymnasium State also maintains strong relations with micronations in the Czech sector, including states like Mercia or Snowy Plains, due to close geographical location and cultural background. The Gymnasium State has already played a significant role in the modern history of the sector, including hosting of the Summit of Czech and Slovakian Micronations 2019.
The Gymnasium State tries to keep its foreign policy as neutral as possible, and solve conflicts and disputes diplomatically. The Gymnasium State however strongly oposes fiction and fictional micronations.
The Gymnasium State is not a nation state, however it's almost homogeneous with 80.65% citizens consider themselves members of Czech, 6.45% of Pakistani, 3.23% of Swedish, 3.23% of American, 3.23% of Indian and 3.23% of Mexican nationality. Some of the citizens also has ancestors of Moravian, Slovakian or Polish origins.
There are nine official languages registered in the Gymnasium State, however most of them are just formally recognized minority languages which are not commonly used. The most used language in the Gymnasium State is Czech, used for everyday communication as well as legislation. English is not native language of most of the population, but it's the second most used language, used for diplomacy, and it's planned to translate legislation to English as well.
Officially, the Gymnasium State doesn't support any religion. The free expression of religion is guaranteed in the Gymnasium State, however only 22.58% of citizens profess some Christian churches and 3.23% are Hinduist, while the rest is secular.
The Culture of the Gymnasium State is similar to culture of the Czech Republic, from which was declared independence.
The the Gymnasium State doesn't have any remarkable artists, however it's citizens patricipate to regional literature or arts competitions. Few of citizens are members of regional youth choir Sušický dětský sbor (Sušice Youth Choir) or actors of student theatre Divadlo Bezejména (Noname Theater), which also presents it's plays on the territory of the Gymnasium State[c]. There are also plans to create a few amateur movies.
The national sport of the Gymnasium State is "burning ball". Apart from this, softball, floorball, volleyball, basketball and other, mainly ball games are played. The most popular watched games are foreign tournaments, mostly in football or hockey.
Since 10 May 2018, the Gymnasium State has been a member of the Micronational Olympic Federation, and can therefore participate in the Micronational Olympic Games. The Gymnasium State patricipated in 2019 MOF Games in Millania, where it got two gold, silver and bronze medals each, ending on second place. The Gymnasium State was also chosen to host 2020 MOF Games, which it won with five gold and one silver and bronze medal.
The cuisine of the Gymnasium State is mostly similar to the Czech one, most popular meals are from buffets, fast foods and school canteens. Apart of traditional Czech dishes, foreign ones are also popular, including for instance pizza, which is the national food of the Gymnasium State, or kebab.
There are also important days celebrated in the Gymnasium State, but their current list is only provisional and created from selected important days of the Czech Republic.
List of public holidays
|1. January||New Year's Day||Beginning of new year.|
|Restoration Day of the Independent Czech State||Foundation of independent Czech Republic in 1993.|
|1. May||Labour Day|
|8. May||Victory Day||End of Second World War in Europe in 1945.|
|May||Majáles||Student celebrations of the month May.|
|5. July||Saints Cyril and Methodius Day||Church teachers St. Cyril (Constantine) and|
|6. July||Jan Hus Day||The religious reformer Jan Hus was burned at the stake in 1415.|
|1. September||Independence Day||Foundation of the first direct predecessor of the Gymnasium State in 2017.|
|28. September||St. Wenceslas Day||St. Wenceslas, Duke of Bohemia was murdered by his brother in 929 or 935.|
|28. October||Independent Czechoslovak State Day||Foundation of Czechoslovakia in 1918.|
|17. November||Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day||Commemorating the student demonstration against Nazi occupation in 1939, and the demonstration that started the Velvet Revolution in 1989.|
|International Student's Day|
|24. December||Christmas Eve||Celebration of Christmas.|
|25. December||Christmas Day|
|26. December||Second Christmas Day|
List of important days
|16. January||Jan Palach Remembrance Day||Commemoration of self-burning of student Jan Palach in 1969.|
|27. January||Memorial Day for the Victims of the Holocaust and Prevention of Crimes against Humanity||Anniversary of liberation of concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau in 1945.|
|14. March||Science Day[d]||Anniversary of birth of Albert Einstein in 1879 and death of Stephen Hawking in 2018.|
|28. March||Jan Ámos Komenský's Birth Day||Anniversary of birth of Jan Ámos Komenský in 1592.|
|7. April||Education Day||Anniversary of opening of Charles IV's university in 1348.|
|5. May||May Uprising of the Czech People||Anniversary of Prague uprising in 1945.|
|6. May||Liberation Day||Anniversary of liberation of Sušice in 1945.|
|25. May||Towel Day||Commemoration of a writer Douglas Adams.|
|4. June||Tiananmen Square Massacre Memorial Day||Commemoration of the Tiananmen Square protests in 1989.|
|10. June||Lidice Massacre Remembrance Day||Commemoration of Nazi annihilation of Lidice in 1942.|
|27. June||Communist Regime Victims Remembrance Day||Commemoration of execution of Milada Horáková in 1950.|
|11. November||Veterans' Day||Anniversary of end of the World War I in 1918.|
References and notes
- Constitution of the Gymnasium State
- Celebrations of the first Independence Day. Gymnasium State News. Retrieved 28 April 2020
- Results of Presidential election 1/2018. Gymnasium State News. Retrieved 28 April 2020
- Constitution of Gymnasium State came into force. Gymnasium State News. Retrieved 28 April 2020
- 2019 Modernization Project details released. Gymnasium State News. Retrieved 28 April 2020
- Gymnasium State signed Wrythe Convention. Gymnasium State News. Retrieved 28 April 2020
- Gymnasium State accepted to GUM. Gymnasium State News. Retrieved 28 April 2020
- Reform of Gymnasium State Constitution. Gymnasium State News. Retrieved 28 April 2020
- Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms adopted. Gymnasium State News. Retrieved 28 April 2020
- Celebrations of the second year of independence. Gymnasium State News. Retrieved 28 April 2020
- Micronational summit held in Sušice. Gymnasium State News. Retrieved 28 April 2020
- Review of Senate activity of October 2019. Gymnasium State News. Retrieved 28 April 2020
- The end of the 2019 Modernization Project. Gymnasium State News. Retrieved 28 April 2020
- Results of presidential election 4/2020. Gymnasium State News. Retrieved on 6 July 2020
- Gymnasium State edits it's foreign policy. Gymnasium State News. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
- Gymnasium State withdraws from treaty of diplomatic relations with Aenderia. Gymnasium State News. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
- Gymnasium State on 2019 Olympics. Gymnasium State News. Retrieved on 28 April 2020.
- The Games officially closed!. Gymnasium State News. Retrieved on 28 April 2020.
- Review of Senate activity of May 2019. Gymnasium State News. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
- Review of Senate activity of June 2019. Gymnasium State News. Retrieved on 28 April 2020.
- The Gymnasium State is also often referred to as a sovereign entity under international law.
- Data for Sep 2017 to Aug 2018
- The theatre or the choir are not run or sponsored by the State
- Name is not definitely chosen