Republic of Aswington
|Republic of Aswington|
Motto: Unity, Progress and Peace for our Nation
Anthem: State Anthem of the Republic
|Government||Federal semipresidential republic|
|Independence from the Popular Union of Occitania|
|28 October 2018|
|Time zone||VST (UTC−4)|
The Republic of Aswington (Spanish: República de Aswington), simply known as Aswington, is an autonomous territorial entity which claims to be a independent state, but is commonly referred to as a micronation by foreign observers.
Aswington was founded as the Republic of Tagtabazar on May 3, 2017, as one of the three autonomous republics that constituted the Popular Union of Occitania. It had autonomy in all sectors, except for military and diplomatic affairs, which fell to the central government.
However, on October 28, 2018, the union was dissolved. As a result of this situation, a provisional government was formed in the former autonomous republic, guaranteeing its existence and at the same time, obtaining de facto independence. The provisional government was subsequently dissolved, following the presidential elections held in January 2019. In July of the same year, the nation was renamed to its current name.
In February 2021, Juan Cisneros resigns from the Presidency of the Republic, for personal reasons. Simbach A. Vazo takes over in his place on a provisional basis. However, on May 29, he return to the Presidency to complete his term of office.
Government and Politics
The government comprises three branches:
- Executive: The President is the head of state, while the Prime Minister is the head of government. Both figures have different functions within the government and may collaborate with each other. The President is elected through elections for a two-year term, while the Prime Minister is elected by parliament and has no term limits.
- Legislative: It is composed of the National Assembly, the country's unicameral parliament. It is composed of ten members, elected through elections for a two-year term. It is responsible for debating, approving or rejecting proposed laws or decrees, approving or rejecting international treaties, as well as appointing government officials.
- Judicial: It is composed of the Supreme Court. It is composed of only one member, elected by the members of parliament for a one-year term. It is in charge of the country's judicial affairs, in addition to making decisions in administrative, civil or criminal cases.
Political parties and elections
Aswington is a multi-party democracy, where various political parties converge to form part of the political life of the country. The most important are the National Democratic Party and the Labour Party, both left-wing parties. According to the Constitution, the constitution of political parties or movements is allowed. In addition, citizens have the right to become members of a political party.
The National Electoral Commission is in charge of the organization and the realization of the elections.
Foreign relations are run by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The country maintains a policy of diplomatic neutrality, without taking sides and sometimes calling for reconciliation between the parties in conflict. The country is a member of three organizations, such as the Cupertino Alliance, the Micronational Olympic Federation, and the Union Against Micronational War.
Geography and Climate
According to the Constitution, it is determined that the country will be divided into regions and subdivided into districts. In the case of the capital and the cities considered important within the country, federal regions will be constituted. The regions and the so-called federal regions have a degree of autonomy, while the districts do not have autonomy.
List of Political divisions
Only in the capital of the country, it has only two climatic periods: the dry period and the rainy period. In the dry period, rainfall is scarce and temperatures are high, nevertheless, forest fires do occur; while in the rainy period, rainfall increases and temperatures drop, however, flooding and overflowing of rivers and streams occur.
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The state respects freedom of religion and worship.
According to the Constitution, the official languages of the country are English and Spanish, and thus the country is considered a bilingual nation. In turn, languages spoken by ethnic minorities are recognized as official. Mostly English as the main language for communication in the country.
The country has progressively taken an interest in sports. By decree, an Olympic Committee was established, which administers the country's sports federations. In turn, it is undertaken in the creation of e-venues, to host future events in the country.
|National Checkers Arena||Gyumurat||Checkers|
|Gyumurat Chess Stadium||Gyumurat||Chess|
|New Year's Day||1 January||First day of the Gregorian calendar.|
|Holocaust Remembrance Day||27 January||It commemorates the memory of the victims of the Holocaust and at the same time, the liberation of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp by the Soviet troops in 1945.|
|Women's Day||8 March||It commemorates the political, social, economic and cultural achievements of women.|
|Earth Day||22 April||Day to raise common awareness to the problems of overpopulation, pollution production, biodiversity conservation and other environmental concerns to protect the Earth.|
|International Workers' Day||1 May||Commemoration of the world labor movement. It is also a day of struggle and homage to the Chicago Martyrs.|
|Day of the Foundation of the Republic||3 May||It commemorates the foundation of Aswington, then founded as an autonomous republic of the Popular Union of Occitania.|
|Pride Day||Jun 28||Day to reaffirm the feeling of pride about sexual and gender identities and orientations traditionally marginalized and repressed, and to make visible their presence in society and their claims.|
|Independence Day||October 28||It commemorates the independence of Aswington, following the dissolution of the Popular Union of Occitania.|
|Christmas Day||December 25||Traditional commemoration of the birth of Jesus.|
|New Year's Eve||December 31||Last day of the Gregorian calendar.|
The Constitution guarantees freedom of the press and freedom of expression in the country. There are currently very few media outlets in the country and they are all administered by the state. Aswington News Agency is the only domestic news agency.
There are two state-owned newspapers whose publications are irregular.
List of newspapers