Kingdom of Florenia

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Kingdom of Florenia
Flag of Florenia.jpg
Flag
FloreniaArms.png
Coat of Arms

Motto
King with the People
MapofFlorenia.png
Map of the mainland of the Dominion of Afula
Capital city Afula
Largest city Afula
Official language(s) English
Short name Florenia
Demonym Florenian
Government Semi-parliamentary constitutional monarchy
- Monarch Eran
- Prime Minister The Prince Nathan
Legislature Parliament of Florenia
Established 22 April 2011 [1]
Area claimed 24 acres
Population 14 citizens
5 residents
Currency American dollar ($)
Time zone EST

http://www.florenia.weebly.com/

The Kingdom of Florenia, commonly referred to as Florenia, is a sovereign state with a constitutional monarchy, most often characterized as a micronation. Florenia is situated on the eastern seaboard of North America, and is an enclave nation completely bordered by the United States of America. Florenia claims 24 acres of territory, and has a population of 14, five of whom reside within the Kingdom.

First settled around 1786, Florenia's independence was declared by The Prince Nathan in April 2011 after over 200 years under United States sovereignty. The Monarch, currently Eran, is the official head of state who has limited yet notable and specific powers, and serves as a figure head and symbol of national unity and political neutrality. The position of Monarch has evolved from a completely ceremonial role to an active position in government, culminating in the November Declaration, in which Eran instituted temporary personal rule. The Prince Nathan currently serves as Prime Minister, Florenia's head of government and leader of the executive branch. The legislative body of Florenia is the Parliament, a unicameral body which has the authority to create legislation and is currently comprised of only one Member of Parliament. The entirety of the Kingdom's judiciary is comprised of the Crown Court of Florenia, a court of general jurisdiction that hears all civil and criminal cases. Florenia is comprised of two non-contiguous territories, the Dominion of Afula, which serves as Florenia's capital, and the Dominion of Lexington.

Etymology

The name "Florenia" is derived from the Floren family, the original owners of the land of which Florenia is comprised, and Floren Pond, which constitutes the majority of the Kingdom's territory. The suffix "ia" translates to "land", and "Florenia" can be literally taken to mean "Floren land."

History

See main article: History of Florenia

The Kingdom of Florenia was founded on 22 April 2011 by The Prince Nathan without any formal instrument or declaration. There had been a former nation on the same territory which had also been founded by the Prince a few months before and was known as the Republic of the Floren Lands. However, this nation was never truly established or developed, and is not thought of as a true predecessor state to modern Florenia, but rather a trial project.

The original flag of Florenia, now the flag of Afula

Pre-Kingdom

The Dominion of Afula was originally part of the United States, specifically the State of Connecticut. The area around Afula was originally settled in the early 1700s, with the first settlement within the modern day Dominion in 1786. It is known that a few years prior, in 1779, one Peleg Bradley sold the property to one Seth Bishop, the latter of whom is thought to have owned land around the area, for two thousand five hundred pounds.

During the mid 1900s, the property was owned by the Floren family, a group of farmers of Swedish origin. It was a large farm that encompassed far more land than Florenia does today. The Florens subdivided their property into around eight plots which they sold, and converted a large marsh into a 17 acre pond by redirecting a small stream and removing trees and various other barriers. The family kept for themselves a property of about 8 acres, on which their house and barn were located, and the pond as their own property, which Florenia constitutes at present. After one change of ownership, the Floren's old property was bought by the Crown in January 1999.

Early Kingdom

Prince Nathan had no knowledge of the concept of micronations when he founded the original Republic of Florenia around 22 April 2011. This date is used as Florenia's official date of foundation and Independence Day, although it is now thought to be incorrect. The Prince abandoned the new nation for some time, and after a period of around three months, decided to return to the project. The designation of Republic was changed after the Prince realized that with a King, Florenia must be a Kingdom. Nathan then discovered that other small countries like Florenia existed, a finding which inspired him to further develop the young state. He declared himself Prime Minister around 17 August 2011. This date is used as the official date for beginning of his premiership. However, the original date of foundation of the Kingdom, 22 April, is used as the beginning of the reign of Eran. Before 17 August, Florenia was essentially operating under dictatorial rule by the Prince, and simple decisions made during that time are recognized by the current government. He began drafting a Constitution largely based on the Austenasian political system, which was eventually completed in early September 2011 and signed on 5 September by Prince Nathan and Eran. This Constitution is not viewed as a guiding document like the Constitutions of other states, but rather as a legislative starting point and outline for the initial operation of the Kingdom.

Post-Constitution

There was no official documented foundation of the Kingdom until the signing of the Constitution, which began by declaring Florenia an independent nation, separate from the United States, on 5 September 2011. The Constitution laid out many government functions, but was also very simply written, as it was intended by The Prince Nathan that further legislation would clarify any ambiguities. After the signing of the Constitution, many acts were passed in the one-man unofficial Parliament, although all Acts were following the Constitution. Many of the ideas and functions laid out in the Constitution have been changed officially, and the Constitution is thought of not as a basis of law but a starting point for the nation to be guided by. Due to the fact that the only member of Parliament is currently the Prime Minister, all of the laws are written and automatically approved by him, then given to the King to grant royal assent.

Prince Nathan announced that, under the mandate of Act 6, the first election for Prime Minister was to take place from 22 - 31 December 2011. Two candidates, The Prince Nathan and The Prince Henry, announced their intentions to stand for election. Due to the fact that there were only two candidates, the primary elections did not occur, and instead the general election began immediately. Prince Henry dropped out of the election before voting commenced, allowing Prince Nathan to win be default. He was never officially sworn in as Prime Minister, but his position as leader of the Kingdom was solidified.

The official outlining the functions of Parliament in an Act of the unofficial Parliament brought fourth many new Acts and Laws. This includes the foundations of the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the College of Arms. All Acts passed under the previous unofficial Parliament still stand. Under the Parliament Act 2012, Prince Nathan was given powers of a Member of Parliament until an election in late July. He won this election, and became Member of Parliament for the Dominion of Afula. Elections that were supposed to take place in December 2012 did not occur due to logistical flaw on behalf of the government. The government has reported no messages from disgruntled citizens of Florenia about the mistake. After consideration, the government ultimately decided against rescheduling the elections and instead simply continuing with the scheduled elections of the following year.

In accordance with the Elections Act 2013, which was passed on 18 December, the 2013 general election was scheduled for 22 - 30 December. On 18 December, Prince Nathan officially announced his candidacy for reelection via the release of the document signed by Eran giving him permission to seek the office. In accordance with the Elections Act, the Foreign Ministry informed non-residential citizens of the election procedure and collected their votes. In order to execute this obligation in an organized manner, the elections were held electronically via an online polling system. Due to the fact that there was only one candidate, the ballot also had an against option, which, if it received a majority of the vote, would show a lack of confidence in the Prince Nathan and push further elections. Prince Nathan was able to obtain a large majority of the vote, with 87.5% of citizens who cast their ballot voting in his favor.

Florenia's third year of independence began on 22 April 2014. Prince Nathan released a statement in which he affirmed the goal of overall growth for the kingdom in the year ahead. Acts outlining a newly formed Florenian Judiciary were expected to be passed by late April. After Prince Nathan announced that acts were being worked on, he said that it is a time consuming and tedious process.

On 10 August, four Acts of Parliament were passed establishing the Crown Court, a court of general jurisdiction that hears all civil and criminal cases. The Judicial Act 2014 outlined the Court and its structure of one Justice, who hears all cases and presents a verdict, and the Consuls of the Court, who review the verdicts for each case and approve them. Also passed was the Crime and Punishment Act 2014, which outlined in detail various low level and severe crimes, as well as their maximum and minimum sentences. The Ministry of Justice Act 2014 created the Ministry of Justice, the Florenian government ministry responsible for law enforcement and the administration of Justice. It is led by the Attorney General, who is the chief lawyer for the government, and is responsible for the prosecution of all alleged criminals. It also stipulated the creation of the Royal Police Force and the Bar Association. The final act passed was the Judicial Procedure and Precedence Act, which allowed Parliament to regulate the structure of trials.

Royal chipher of Eran

In December 2014, uncertainty arose with regard to the future of the Florenian premiership as the 2014 general election approached. By the morning of 21 December, no candidate, not even the incumbent Prince Nathan, had submitted their candidacy request to the Monarch. However, in the evening of 22 December, the Prince was confirmed to run by Eran, and the election was to begin in the same format as it had in the previous year; Prince Nathan as sole candidate attempting to obtain a majority over an "against" option.

In a similar situation to the 2012 general elections, no voting was organized or took place, and plans to reschedule to early February fell through. The government issued a statement in late March, indicating that the failed elections displayed a feeling of unimportance among Florenian citizens, and that election reform would surely follow in the near future.

After over a year of inactivity, the King issued the November Declaration on 25 November 2016 in which he claimed temporary power and instructed the Prime Minister to begin drawing up plans for massive government reform. He also changed the style of the monarch to His Majesty, changed the name of the capital to Afula, and affirmed that the Monarch's right to rule is derived from Florenia's history and past owners of the land which it occupies. He also increased the powers of the Crown, declaring that the Government shall henceforth be known as His Majesty's Government, and that the Monarch would from now on formally appoint the Prime Minister and all government ministers.

On 9 February 2017, Eran issued a royal decree in which he annexed his property that remained outside of the Kingdom as the Dominion of Lexington. This was the first expansion of Florenia's territory in its history and has long been anticipated due to Lexington's nature as the primary residence of the Monarch and royal family. In the same decree, the King declared that his residence at Afula will be known as the Palace of State and that it shall serve as the official headquarters of the government, while the residence at Lexington will be known as Lexington house and will serve as an alternative office for the government.

Government and politics

Florenia is governed under a constitutional parliamentary monarchy. The head of state of Florenia is the Monarch, and the head of government is the Prime Minister. Although there are no official branches of government, there are three very distinct separations; Executive, Monarchy, and Legislative.

Prime Minister

The Prime Minister is the elected, head of government and executive leader of the Kingdom of Florenia. He or she has the responsibility of the leading the Cabinet and appointing all government ministers. The Prime Minister's jobs include all listed under Article 3, Section 3 of the Constitution and all others created by acts of Parliament. The first and current Prime Minister, The Prince Nathan, wrote into the Constitution that the Prime Minister has royal duties as well, such as crowning Monarchs. It has been concluded that the Monarch and Prime Minister should work together in governance. However, the latter has far more political power.

Unlike many nations with a Prime Minister and parliamentary system, the Florenian Prime Minister is not a legislative office but a completely separate executive office. The Florenian Prime Minister is more comparable to a presidential office than those of most other nations, as the Prime Minister is elected separately from Parliament and the Prime Minister need not command the support of Parliament. In his November 2016 decree, Eran proclaimed that the Prime Minister, and all government ministers, would be formally appointed by the Monarch.

Monarchy

The Monarch is the official head of state of the Kingdom of Florenia. The Monarch has royal duties as well as parliamentary duties, such as attending parliamentary sessions and giving Royal Consent for acts and laws being passed. The current Monarch is Eran. He is the owner of a vast majority of the property within the Kingdom, and is the father of The Prince Nathan, The Prince Henry, and The Prince Zachary, who are the first three in the line of succession to the Throne. The Monarch serves as an unbiased and not politically affiliated face of the government and of the nation as a whole, and is meant to keep the nation united regardless of the political associations of the government.

The line of succession to the Florenian Throne is unlike those of most monarchies. It includes not only the immediate family of Eran, ending with his niece, but also Queen Jane's father, The Earl Fialko, and then her immediate family, ending with her sister. The reasoning behind this odd system is that although Eran is the Monarch, the Kingdom was founded when the royal couple had already been married, and it was found to be most fair to include both families in the line of succession. Only the family of the King is entitled to use royal titles; the family of the Queen only use the titles and styles associated with an Earl and his family.

Legislature

The Parliament of Florenia is comprised of the elected Members of Parliament of Florenian territories. Since there is one territory, its Member of Parliament carries out the law making process. The current Member of Parliament for Afula - although Parliament is currently suspended - is Prince Nathan, who is also Prime Minister. Parliament legislates for Florenia, but to fully pass a law, Royal Consent by the Monarch must be given.

Parliament currently consists of Prince Nathan, who was officially elected on 29 July 2012. Under the constitution, a Member of Parliament, or Prime Minister, proposes and writes an act. Then, Parliament revises it and votes to pass it. Currently, the Prince types an act, and as there are no objections it is automatically passed by the simple act of himself proposing it. Then, he gives it to the King for consent (Royal Consent has so far not been refused). A wide range of acts are passed due to the stated belief of the Prime Minister that Acts for every aspect of the nation are needed to help codify Florenia's laws and make the country strong.

Law and order

Official seal of the Crown Court of Florenia

The Florenian Judiciary was established by four Acts of Parliament on 10 August 2014. The Judicial Act 2014 established the Crown Court of Florenia as the court to hear all criminal and civil cases of the Kingdom. The Court has one full seat, the Justice of the Crown Court, and two positions of review, the Consuls of the Court. The Justice of the Crown Court is responsible for hearing all cases and for presenting a verdict after the presentation of all evidence and the conclusion of the trial. The verdict must be reviewed by the two Consuls before it can be officially implemented. The Justice and Consuls are nominated by the Prime Minister, approved by Parliament, and appointed by the Monarch, allowing the Monarch to posses a veto.

The Ministry of Justice is responsible for the administration of justice as well as law enforcement, the latter of which is carried out by the Royal Police Force. The Ministry is responsible for determining and prosecuting all individuals alleged of a crime, as well as regulating the body of attorneys of the Kingdom and licensing individuals to practice law, a responsibility it carries out through the Bar Association. The Ministry is led by the Attorney General, who, as well as serving as the administrator of the ministry, is the chief lawyer for the government, and the Deputy Attorney General, who assists the minister in his or her roles.

The Justice of the Crown Court may issue a warrant for the arrest of any individual if the government has presented sufficient evidence in the Crown Court. Those alleged of a crime in Florenia are accorded certain rights by the Judicial Act 2014, such as the right to remain silent, the right to representation by an attorney, and the right to quick and concise trial.

The Royal Police Force, or RPF, has the responsibility of preventing crime and criminal activity throughout the Kingdom, as well as detaining those alleged of a crime by the government after the issuing of a warrant. The RPF is led by the Royal Commissioner of Police, who reports directly to the Deputy Attorney General. The RPF was given almost complete autonomy to determine its structure and self manage by the Ministry of Justice Act 2014. The RPF has had no confrontation with any alleged criminal since its foundation.

An integral piece of the 10 August Judicial legislation package, the Crime and Punishment Act 2014 described in detail various severe and low level crimes in the Kingdom, as well as their minimum and maximum sentences. The act laid out three distinct sentences that may be issued by the Justice of the Crown Court; expulsion, barring from entrance, and fines. Expulsion prevents the individual from ever entering the Kingdom for the remainder of their lifetime. Barring from entrance is separated into three degrees, the most severe of which prevents the individual from entering the Kingdom from two months to a year, the second of which from ten days to two months, and third from two days to a week. The least severe sentence is a fine, or a sum of money to be paid to the government by the individual.

Military

Military and defense responsibilities in Florenia are carried out by the Armed Forces of Florenia, which is composed of two independent branches, His Majesty's Army and His Majesty's Navy, commonly referred to as the Royal Army and Royal Navy. Currently, the Royal Army is the only branch with enlisted or commissioned service people, and as such soldiers in the Royal Army are also responsible for the operation and upkeep of the Royal Navy's fleet.

The Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces is, by definition, the Florenian Monarch, whose power is exercised by the Prime Minister. As such, all officers receive their commission in the name of the Monarch, however are in reality commissioned by the Prime Minister and his ministry, who has full command over the armed forces. The Prime Minister also appoints the Minister of Defense, who is responsible for the government ministry that manages and administrates the Royal Army and Navy. The Ministry of Defense has control over the organizational and rank structures of the armed forces, as well as the establishment of military commands and troop placements and movements.

The Royal Army currently consists of one regiment which serves as the primary organizational formation of the branch; the Royal Guards Regiment. It is commanded by its Colonel, currently The Prince Nathan. The regiment consists of two battalions; the 1st battalion, which serves as the primary and full service unit, and 2nd battalion, which consists solely of reserve troops and has never been deployed or undergone serious training. The Royal Navy's fleet consists of two vessels; one canoe and one kayak, both owned by the Crown. The canoe, which has been under the ownership of the Crown for years before the Navy's founding, was manufactured by Great Canadian, and is propelled by two individuals. It can also seat up to two extra individuals. The kayak, a Pelican Pathfinder 100x, was purchased by the Crown on 22 July 2014, is piloted by one individual. It also has a cargo hold in the aft.

Foreign relations

Foreign relations of the Kingdom of Florenia are managed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Currently, there is one employee of the Ministry; the Minister, Prince Nathan, who was appointed by himself as Prime Minister to the position on 9 February 2013. Florenia was a full member of the Grand Unified Micronational from early 2013. However, after reform within the organization, the Kingdom's status was downgraded to observer. After being informed that the government had until 2 June 2014 to renew their membership, the government opted to allow the period to expire, losing Florenia's membership in the GUM. The decrease in rank had been noted by Prince Nathan, who claims that Florenia was forced to remain fairly inactive in the GUM because of time differences, but the Kingdom still found its membership in the organization important to its diplomatic relations. The government decided not to confirm their membership and leave the organization for an "indeterminate" amount of time.

For two consecutive terms beginning on 13 June 2013, the Kingdom was on the Advancement Council of the GUM. Florenia has signed treaties with three nations, but finds that its relations with nations they have not signed agreements with are just as strong. Florenia currently has a policy of only recognizing nations which it sees as serious, that is, are not fantasy nations or are based solely online or on imaginary planets or landmasses. By law, recognition may be granted by the Foreign Ministry, and many nations that the Kingdom has not contacted are recognized. On 28 August 2014, the government reapplied for GUM membership, but received no reply.

Geography

A map of Afula with Floren Pond in blue, Eran National Park in green, and all other crown property in yellow.

Florenia is comprised of two non-contiguous territories: the Dominion of Afula and the Dominion of Lexington. Afula is the much larger of the Kingdom's territories, rendering Lexington's size negligible by comparison.

Afula is surrounded by the State of Connecticut, and is comprised of four land masses, the Dominion of Afula. Afula has an approximate area of 25 acres, of which approximately 71% is water and 29% is land. The body of water, which is around 17.5 acres, is Floren Pond, the pond for which Florenia is named. The pond was originally a marsh, and was turned into a pond when a river was opened intentionally opened into the area. Around the coast of Afula, the water is only 2 to 3 feet deep. However, in the center of the pond, water can reach up to 12 feet.

The pond surrounds the Princes Islands group that consists of Prince Nathan Island, Prince Henry Island, and Prince Zachary Island, which are named for the three children of Eran. Prince Nathan Island is the only island that can be walked upon, and is decorated with a stone plaque commemorating the builders of the pond. Also, connected to Nathan Island by tree roots, is a small island named Izzy Island, after the Princes' cousin Lady Isabella, Duchess of Fishrock. Prince Zachary Island is the second largest, and Prince Henry Island the largest out of the three. However, both are overgrown with shrubbery and cannot be walked on or explored further than what can be seen from the water. Around the islands, the water is extremely shallow and the lake bed extremely rocky.

The other terrain of Afula, around 7.5 acres in area, is made up of forest, tall grass, and a groomed yard. On the coast of the pond is Eran National Park, a small forest which contains an old dilapidated stone wall, large boulders, and complete tree cover. Much of the land is also tall grass, which borders the pond and reaches all the way to the top of a large hill. Atop the hill that looks down on the pond is a well groomed, large yard with two main structures; the Palace of State and the barn. The Palace of State is the residence of the Royal family while in Afula and the official headquarters of the government, and the barn is a structure that held farming equipment under the properties original ownership. The barn contains a loft with a bed, a small kitchen, a bathroom, and a living area. The barn is a quasi guest house, however is rarely used as such. Next to the barn is a fenced in swimming pool.

The highest point in the Dominion is around the Palace of State, with an elevation of approximately 1165 feet above sea level. The lowest point is and around Floren pond, with an elevation of approximately 1116 feet above sea level. At its longest point, at a heading of 17.34 degrees, Afula spans approximately 1956 feet across. At its narrowest point, running along the coast at a heading of approximately 123 degrees, the Dominion spans around 402 feet.

Climate

Florenia has a humid continental climate with hot summers and cold winters. Rainfall and snowfall are evenly divided among the months of the year, and yearly sunshine hours average 2,400. Summer is hot, humid and stormy throughout the Kingdom, with average highs of 76 °F (24 °C). Although summers are sunny, summer thunderstorms often bring quick downpours and thunder and lighting. Winters are generally cool to cold, with average temperatures of 35 °F (1 °C). Early spring (April) is coolish and mid and late spring (May/early June) is warm to hot.

Climate data for Dominion of Afula
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0
(32)
2
(36)
7
(45)
13
(55)
19
(66)
23
(73)
26
(79)
25
(77)
21
(70)
15
(59)
9
(48)
3
(37)
13.58
(56.44)
Daily mean °C (°F) -5
(23)
-3
(27)
1
(34)
7
(45)
13
(55)
17
(63)
20
(68)
19
(66)
15
(59)
9
(48)
4
(39)
-2
(28)
7.92
(46.26)
Average low °C (°F) -11
(12)
-9
(16)
-5
(23)
0
(32)
6
(43)
11
(52)
14
(57)
13
(55)
9
(48)
3
(37)
-2
(28)
-7
(19)
12.6
(54.7)
Average Rainfall mm (inches) 86.1
(3.39)
88.4
(3.48)
110.7
(4.358)
107.4
(4.228)
116.8
(4.598)
114.8
(4.52)
125.2
(4.929)
119.1
(4.689)
116.6
(4.591)
121.2
(4.772)
110.7
(4.358)
102.6
(4.039)
1,319.6
(51.953)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm)</span> 10 9 11 12 12 10 10 10 9 9 11 11 124
Average snowy days 4.9 3.4 2.8 0.8 0.7 3.1 15.7
[citation needed]

Demographics

Population

Florenia has a total population of fourteen, all of whom are eligible to vote in general elections upon reaching the age of ten. Only five of these fourteen are residents of the Kingdom, a status allowing them to vote in general elections as well as to vote for members of Parliament and stand for election for either post. All but one Florenian citizen have joined by their own accord; Florenian law dictates that any child born to a Florenian citizen is a Florenian citizen, and this clause has come into effect once. A majority of Florenia's citizens are under the age of sixteen years old, and the average age of Florenian citizens is approximately 25. All Florenian citizens live on the East Coast of the United States.

Language

Although Florenia has no official language, English is the only commonly spoken language among Florenian citizens, and all Florenian legislation and government business is written in English. Among Florenians, however, languages such as Hebrew, Spanish, French, and Latin are known and spoken by various individuals. Around 86% of Florenian citizens are native English speakers, around 7% are native Hebrew speakers, and 7% native Spanish speakers.



References