Crown Court of Florenia
|Crown Court of Florenia|
|Established||10 August 2014|
|Jurisdiction||Kingdom of Florenia|
|Composition||Nomination by Prime Minister, confirmation by Parliament, appointed by Monarch|
|Authorized by||Judicial Act 2014|
|Term length||At the Prime Minister's pleasure|
|Seats||3 (two Consuls)|
|Justice of the Crown Court|
|Since||10 August 2014|
The Crown Court of Florenia is the court of general jurisdiction for the Kingdom of Florenia. The Court is responsible for hearing all criminal and civil cases brought up in the Kingdom either by the Government via the Ministry of Justice or a private citizen or organization. The Crown Court is presided over by one Justice, who hears all cases and presents verdicts. All verdicts are reviewed by two consuls of the court, who either approve the verdict and its sentences, or reject it. If both Consuls reject it, the two parties must work together in the presentation of a verdict. If only one consul opposes, the Justice is legally obligated to review his or her decision. The Justice and Consuls are nominated by the Prime Minister, approved by Parliament, and appointed by the Monarch. None of the positions have been filled yet.
The Crown Court was established by the Judicial Act 2014, which was passed by Parliament on August 10. The Act outlined the various functions of the court, as well as its general structure and terminology to be used. The Act describes two types of cases that may be heard by the court; civil and criminal. Criminal cases are suits brought up by a private individual or organization against another individual or organization or the government due to a breach of contract or non-criminal breach of Florenian law. Criminal cases are suits brought up by the government against an individual or organization due to a breach of Florenian law. Criminal cases are handled by the Ministry of Justice and its government minister, the Attorney General, who is the government's chief lawyer and legal adviser.
The Court is required to obey Florenian law when making decisions, and Acts of Parliament have been passed outlining criminal activity and sentencing. The Crime and Punishment Act 2014, passed with the Judicial Act, outlined over thirty crimes in the Kingdom and described the minimum and maximum sentences that may be given by the Justice of the Crown Court. The Justice of the Court is legally obligated to adhere to all restrictions in sentencing, procedure, and precedent set in place by Parliament.