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Empire of Austenasia

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Empire of Austenasia
Imperivm Avstenasiæ (Latin)
Αυτοκρατορία της Αυστενασίας (Greek)
ऑस्टेनेशिया साम्राज्य (Hindi)
Coat of arms of Empire of Austenasia
Coat of arms
Motto: "IMPERATOR ET POPVLVS AVSTENASIÆ"
Anthem: "God Save the Emperor"
Austenasia within Great Britain: Greater Wrythe in purple, Palasia and Amerdansk in blue, and Territories in red.
Austenasia within Great Britain: Greater Wrythe in purple, Palasia and Amerdansk in blue, and Territories in red.
CapitalWrythe
Largest cityChersoneses (by land area)
Chalcedon and Valens (by population)
Other languagesEnglish (de facto, unofficial)
Religion
Christianity
Demonym(s)Austenasian
GovernmentConstitutional parliamentary monarchy
• Monarch
HIM Emperor Jonathan I
Lord John Gordon, Viscount of Thetford
LegislatureParliament of Austenasia
Establishment20 September 2008
Area
• Total
1.096211 sq mi (2.83917 km2)
Population
• Census
140[a]
CurrencyPound sterling (£) (GBP)
Time zoneUTC
  1. Not including 644 foreign Honorary Subjects

Austenasia, officially the Empire of Austenasia, is an autonomous territorial entity which claims to be a sovereign state[1] but is more commonly referred to as a micronation by external observers.[2] Founded on the island of Great Britain, Austenasia declared independence from the United Kingdom in September 2008.[3] It is an enclave and exclave country, consisting of fifty six non-contiguous pieces of land: eleven in Great Britain, ten in the rest of Europe, twenty six in North America, five in Asia, two in Australia, one in Africa, and one in South America.

Austenasia is an officially Christian country which views itself as a successor to and continuation of the Roman Empire. Much of its cultural trappings and many government positions reveal a classical or medieval Roman influence on the nation.

Austenasia is the foremost diplomatic and military power of the Carshalton Nations, with its Monarch being either sovereign or suzerain over them. Austenasia rose to a high level of diplomatic prominence in the MicroWiki Community between 2010 and 2011, and is considered by many to have been the most influential nation in said community from early 2013 until such notions of "community influence" began to lose meaning circa 2021.

History

Reign of Terry I

At 11:30am on 20 September 2008, the town of Wrythe declared independence from the United Kingdom as the Empire of Austenasia. Emperor Terry I was unanimously proclaimed the nation's first Monarch, and his son Crown Prince Jonathan was unanimously proclaimed the first Prime Minister. A Declaration of Independence was sent via e-mail to the local British Member of Parliament – after recieving no reply another was sent to the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and to the British Home Office in October and December of that year respectively.[4]

A photograph published in a local British newspaper for an article on the Empire's founding

In February 2009, a square foot of land in the Scottish Highlands (now known as Glencrannog) personally owned by Crown Prince Jonathan was ceded to the Empire, and two months later the house of one of Crown Prince Jonathan's friends joined the Empire as the town of South Kilttown (now known as Zephyria).[5]

Reigns of Esmond III and Declan I

On 15 February 2010, Emperor Terry announced that he wished to abdicate the Throne. HIH Crown Prince Jonathan refused to inherit the Throne so that he could remain Prime Minister, and so it passed to the second in line, Dark Lord Esmond (the Supreme Companion of the Heir, who had been made second in line as a symbolic gesture). He ascended to the Throne at roughly 14:40 on 16 February 2010.[6] This resulted in the Austenasian Civil War, declared on 7 March 2010 by Lord General William of South Kilttown in support of the claim to the Throne of Terry's daughter, Princess Caroline.[7][8] The war ended on 24 May that same year with a victory for the legitimate Esmondian government through the signing of the Treaty of Ruskin Road (2010).[9]

In December 2010, Esmond III announced a plan to transform Austenasia into a "communist dictatorship", with him in absolute control. Later that month, the Empire went to war after being threatened by the Midget Nation-in-Exile over the claims of Esmond III over another local nation, Orly, in the War of the Orlian Reunification. This war had been planned by Crown Prince Jonathan, intending to remove Esmond III from power before he could enact his plan of communist revolution, and ended with the capital city being surrendered to the local supporters of King Declan I of Wilcsland, who was then appointed as a jointly ruling monarch. Foreign nations and all Austenasians outside of Wrythe were informed that the capital had been invaded and forced to surrender, rather than have the plan revealed while Esmond III was still in power. The true events were revealed by the Crown Prince a year on, mere days before the December 2011 General Election.[10][11]

For the first few months, the joint reign was a success, but in late March 2011 increasing concerns were raised after more of the various eccentric schemes of Esmond III came to light, an infamous example of which is when he demanded tribute of cake from the army. On 31 March a Vote of No Confidence was passed in Parliament in response, removing Esmond III from the powers of the Throne and establishing Declan I as the only effectively ruling Monarch, although Esmond III remained titular joint Emperor.[12]

Barely a week after this, on 9 April, the Midget Nation-in-Exile (a local militaristic nation in personal union with Declan I) was annexed by Austenasia. As they had no land claims, the Empire did not physically increase in size, but the Austenasian Army was joined by five new Midget recruits. The Empire from then on began to claim the status of a successor state of the Midget Empire, and therefore of the Kingdom of Rushymia.[13][14]

On 20 May 2011, Crown Prince Jonathan met with the local British MP, Tom Brake, to whom the Austenasian Declaration of Independence had originally been sent, and discussed the stance of the United Kingdom towards the Empire. Tom Brake MP wrote to the British Foreign Office on behalf of Austenasia, and the Austenasian Foreign Office is now attempting to enter into negotiations with its British counterpart regarding recognition of Austenasian autonomy, if not national status or even sovereignty.[15]

In early September 2011, Act 155 was placed before Parliament to organise a referendum in which the population of the Empire would vote on whether to keep the original Constitution or to adopt one of two proposed replacement constitutions. The Austenasian Constitutional Referendum took place on 18 September, with the "Wrythian Constitution" recieving 86% of the votes and entering into force two days later. One consequence of the new Constitution was that Esmond III was removed completely from the office of Monarch, leaving Declan I as sole Emperor.[16][17] In November, a General and a Local Election were called, which took place on 23 December 2011 and resulted in Crown Prince Jonathan being re-elected Prime Minister but losing his position as Representative of Wrythe to Princess Caroline.

2012 saw much focus on foreign relations. Diplomacy was built up with numerous micronations in the MicroWiki Community, and the Empire rose to a prominent position in the Grand Unified Micronational. On 20 January 2013, Declan I abdicated for "personal reasons", and Crown Prince Jonathan ascended to the Throne as HIM Emperor Jonathan I, with Lord Marshal William becoming Acting Prime Minister.[18]

Reign of Jonathan I

An Austenasian flag flies over New South Scotland, the first overseas land claim of Austenasia and one which would be of great significance in the early years of the reign of Jonathan I.

Since the ascension to the Throne of Jonathan I, the Empire has seen a huge territorial expansion. On 25 January 2013, New South Scotland formally joined the Empire as a Crown Dependency, having previously been a colony of the United Kingdom of New Wessex.[19] This marked the first territorial expansion of the Empire since Commius Flats was re-annexed in March 2011, and was followed less than a month later by the annexation of Axvalley, a Brazilian farming estate measuring nine hectares with a population of seven, greatly increasing the territory and citizenship of the Empire.[20] This was followed in May, June and July by the annexation of Corinium Terentium and Emperorsland as Territories, and Thanasia and Palasia as Towns.[21][22][23] Further annexations took place on 16 August and 16 November, with New Richmond and Terentia respectively both being annexed as Crown Dependencies.

On 18 November 2013, elections took place in which Countess Eritoshi, close friend of the Emperor and founder of Thanasia, was elected Prime Minister. Local elections also took place, in which Jonathan I regained his seat as Representative of Wrythe and all other Representatives or Acting Representatives were re-elected.

The Empire further expanded on 13 April 2014, when the two Territories of Beith Craobh Iostan and Glencoe along with the Crown Dependency of Shineshore were annexed at the same time that the former Territory of Emperorsland transitioned into the Town of Lichtenstein by annexing an adjacent house. The following day yet another piece of land joined the Empire, with a garden being annexed as East Wrythe.

A crisis in New South Scotland arose at the end of May 2014 and lasted into the start of the following month due to a movement in Zealandia which wished to annex the crown dependency. A compromise was reached whereby the already autonomous land was given over to full Zealandian administration whilst remaining under de jure Austenasian sovereignty; this arrangement lasted until September 2016, when a treaty was signed with Zealandia restoring full and exclusive Austenasian governance to New South Scotland. Yet another expansion took place mere days after the conclusion of this crisis, with the Town of Porthbokon joining the Empire on 5 June, followed by the Crown Dependencies of Oregonia on 30 June and Heischierland on 17 July.

On 3 March 2015, a general election was held in which the now Brooklyn Hewitt, Chancellor of the Empire and Representative of New Richmond, defeated the incumbent Countess Eritoshi and became Prime Minister. Following the general election, the Imperial Navy was re-established and Treasury reform was announced.

The premiership of Lady Admiral Hewitt - who would serve as Austenasia's longest-running Prime Minister (from March 2015 to February 2020, just short of five years) - would be marked by several significant constitutional reforms within the Empire, such as the four amendments passed via the 2018 Austenasian Constitutional Referendum. These entrenched the establishment of Christianity as the official state religion of the Empire (which had initially been done by Act of Parliament in June 2017), established the Senate, and made the Deputy Prime Minister appointed by the Prime Minister. Hewitt would further strengthen the office and scope of the premiership by ensuring that Cabinet members were appointed on the advice of the Prime Minister, rather than directly by the Emperor. Hewitt would also be directly responsible for the recreation of the Imperial Navy, although it would be once again abolished following the secession of New Virginia. The Hewitt Premiership would oversee a large "turnover" in the territorial scope of the Empire, with seventeen new claims being annexed to the Empire and fifteen lost, including several formerly significant parts of the Empire such as Thanasia and Zephyria.

2018 saw celebrations for the Empire's tenth anniversary. Independence Day of that year saw a party attended by Austenasian and foreign dignitaries at the Imperial Residence, and a set of commemorative coins - the first (and to date only) minted by the Treasury - was released.

Jonathan I hosts a party celebrating Austenasia's tenth anniversary, September 2018.

In spite of Hewitt being overwhelmingly re-elected with nearly 87% of the popular vote in the February 2019 general election, there was a growing sense of political and cultural distance between the towns of Terentia, Augusta and New Richmond (of which Hewitt was a resident and representative) and the rest of the Empire, especially on social issues. This ultimately led to these three towns seeking independence from the Empire, which after negotiations occurred peacefully via a bilaterally-agreed secession with the establishment of the Commonwealth of New Virginia on 11 February 2020. Hewitt would formally resign from the premiership two days later, and was succeeded as Prime Minister by Prince Dionisiy.

Having the shortest term of any Austenasian premier yet (13 February - 1 June 2020), Prince Dionisiy is most famous for his role in the political crisis that engulfed Austenasia between May and June 2020. Dionisiy was elected with only 52% of the vote, but had campaigned on a platform of constitutional reform. The reforms proposed by Dionisiy included introducing frequent nationwide referenda and replacing the office of Prime Minister with the Consuls; despite his electoral victory they were opposed by several prominent figures in Austenasia, and this opposition was strengthened by a now infamous reference from Dionisiy and his supporters that the reforms sought to put an end to "political barbarism". Amid significant internal controversy, the situation intensified to the point where Dionisiy himself, feeling that opposition was too strong for him to continue in office, prepared for almost all of the Austenasian land claims associated with his Fatherland Party - over half of Austenasia's land - to secede from the Empire. With divisions deepening, the Emperor temporarily adopted emergency powers on 25 May, effectively suspending Parliament and working to create a consensus from both sides on what, if any, constitutional reforms should be considered. Prince Dionisiy would attempt to continue on in order to heal divisions, but would ultimately find the challenge insurmountable and would subsequently resign from the office of Prime Minister on 1 June. Most territories linked to Prince Dionisiy would leave the Empire following his resignation, but the intervention of Jonathan I and a renewed willingness from politicians on both sides to work together to restore calm led to the land claims that departed being fewer than previously suggested, and the process being bilaterally agreed and relatively amicable. In light of the crisis that emerged as a result of the proposed reforms and in an attempt to curtail growing partisan feeling and political polarization, political parties themselves would be formally abolished within the Empire.

Utilising his emegency powers, the Emperor appointed Lord John Gordon directly to the premiership, surrendering said powers shortly afterwards. Lord Gordon’s premiership saw a return to political unity and stability, a record-breaking growth in Austenasia’s population and land claims, and a cultural flowering of heraldry and monuments, to the extent that the second half of 2020 was termed by some the “Austenasian Renaissance”. However, by mid-2021, increasing pressure on Lord Gordon’s time from his role as a member of the British Army – together with the awareness that he had not been elected to the position – led to him feeling unable to continue as Prime Minister. He therefore called for an early general election, in which he announced that he would not run. Lord William Wilson was elected his successor on 17 September 2021, and served until February 2024, when Lord Gordon won a general election and returned to the position.

Austenasia has continued to grow with people and families from around the world claiming their homes or other areas of land for the Empire. A naturalisation program led by Lord Wilson culminated in a mass grant of subjectship to applicant non-residents in May 2023, bringing the number of residential and non-residential Austenasians to nearly equal levels. An initiative to enable parliamentary representation for the latter resulted in the creation of Divisions later that year.

Foreign relations

Emperor Jonathan I of Austenasia (left, holding Diplomabear) with Prime Minister Mike Lewis of Lundenwic (right), August 2021.

The Empire of Austenasia establishes and maintains diplomatic relations with other nations through the Foreign Office, led by the Chief Ambassador. The Chief Ambassador has the power to grant informal "states of friendship" and tacit recognition, but official recognition of another nation can only be granted by an Act of Parliament or Imperial Decree.

Austenasia has since late 2009 sought diplomatic relations mainly through the MicroWiki Community, but also holds close friendly relations with other nations such as Molossia, Westarctica and Ladonia. Austenasia is the foremost power of the Carshalton Nations, with the Austenasian Monarch overlord of said "sector".

Austenasia holds friendly relations with several small nations, particularly Wildflower Meadows, Orly, the Holy Roman Empire, Uberstadt, Juclandia, and the Reylan Imperial Triumvirate.

The nations with which Austenasia is closest include the Kingdom of Wyvern, the only country with which Austenasia holds an official alliance. Furthermore, some countries are granted a special position as a protected state of the Empire; unlike an alliance, which entails mutual defence, Austenasia is bound to defend a protected state upon request whereas no obligations are required in return. There are currently three protected states of Austenasia: the two kingdoms in Orly (since June 2013), and the Principality of Wildflower Meadows (since May 2016).

Various state visits and diplomatic meetings involving Austenasia have taken place, the first being a state visit to the Kingdom of Moylurg in August 2010. The Empire has since been represented at multilateral summits as well, most notably the 2011 Intermicronational Summit, the 2012 Polination Conference, and the 2019 GUM Birmingham Summit.

Administrative divisions

Austenasia is comprised of fifty six separate pieces of land. The three populated British territories - Wrythe (the Austenasian capital, comprised of two non-contiguous areas of land), Palasia, and Caldari - all consist of residential properties. Palasia and Caldari are together known as Grantabridge.

The smallest piece of Austenasian land, Glencrannog, is a mere one square foot of land, more than 370 miles away from Wrythe. The largest area in Austenasia is Chersoneses, an enclave of Ukraine. Most administrative divisions consist of a single contiguous claim, but several have various exclaves; Wrythe, Nahona, and North Nahona are examples of Towns composed of two non-contiguous pieces of land, and Navurania is composed of four.

Austenasia is divided into Cities (Wrythe), Towns (Palasia, Chalcedon, Nahona, North Nahona, Procyon, Blue Ridge, Oppidum Tubae, Helinium, and Chandler), Marches (Caldari and Campo de Jonatán), Territories (Glencrannog, Corinium Terentium, Glencoe, Iostan na Beithe, Aurora, Green Gate, Peach Ponds, Nikaia, Florencium Carolina, Jackson, Elliessium Colorandum, Western Jarrahview, Golcondiaurum, Travarn, Cenomannica, Rubrum Beryllium, Nervenston, Prahova, and Elmythia) and Crown Dependencies (New South Scotland, Enfriqua, Dekker, Imperia, Esmondia, Rushymia, Kingeston, Trebizond, Chersoneses, Kaiomenia, New Pontunia, Navurania, Shuhan, New Flat Rock, and Ganapati Vihar). Towns and Cities are inhabited areas fully incorporated into the Empire, and each elect a Representative to the House of Representatives. Marches are inhabited areas associated with a Town or City for electoral purposes but administered independently. Territories are also fully incorporated into the Empire, but are not inhabited and so are not represented in Parliament, with Austenasian law being enforced by a Governor if possible. Crown Dependencies are autonomous areas, with Austenasian law not automatically applying to them unless specified in the legislation; however, they fall under Austenasian sovereignty and are administered directly by the Throne (with representatives of the Emperor known as Governing Commissioners usually being appointed).

Flag Arms Picture Name Annexed Population Official(s)
Cities
N/A Wrythe 20 September 2008 (as Town)
8 January 2017 (as City)
4 Representative
HIM Emperor Jonathan I
Mayor
HIH Emperor Father Terry
Towns
Palasia 12 July 2013 4 Representative
Lord John Gordon, Viscount of Thetford
N/A N/A Chalcedon 31 October 2019 6 Representative
Lord İsmetcan Saraç, Count of Bithynia
Nahona 19 January 2020 3 Representative
Lord William Wilson, Duke of Taysha
North Nahona 20 June 2020 4 Representative
Dame Brianna Stokely, DOB
Procyon 5 October 2020 2 Representative
Lord Michael Simpson, Count of Occibrazos
Blue Ridge 20 July 2020 (as Territory)
20 December 2020 (as Town)
5 Representative
Lady Addison O'Halloran, Baroness of Blue Ridge
File:Oppidumtubae.png Oppidum Tubae 25 June 2021 2 Representative
Lord Sander Koff, Duke of Aesti
N/A Helinium 14 May 2022 2 Representative
Bradley, King of the Romans
N/A Chandler 23 December 2022 3 Representative
Lord Michael Colquhoun, Baron of Chandler
Marches
Caldari 3 December 2014 2 Associated town
Palasia
Margrave and Margravine
J. and M. Alexis
Campo de Jonatán 1 August 2020 2 Associated town
Nahona
Margrave
Lord William Wilson, Duke of Taysha
Territories
N/A N/A Glencrannog 21 February 2009 0 Governor
Vacant
N/A Corinium Terentium 4 May 2013 0 Governor
Lord Andrew, Baron of Corinium Terentium
N/A N/A Iostan na Beithe 13 April 2014 0 Governor
Lord Sebastian Linden, Baron of Glencoe
N/A N/A Glencoe 13 April 2014 0 Governor
Lord Sebastian Linden, Baron of Glencoe
N/A N/A Aurora 30 January 2016 0 Governor
Lord Karl Friedrich, Duke of Bohemia
N/A Green Gate 14 March 2019 0 Governor
Lord Zarel Smith, Baron of Green Gate
N/A Peach Ponds 4 April 2020 0 Governor
Lord Casper von Naveria, Count of Cowyetton
N/A Nikaia 25 May 2020 0 Governor
HSH Prince Edward I
Florencium Carolina 20 July 2020 0 Governor
Lord Michael Simpson, Count of Occibrazos
Jackson 1 August 2020 0 Governor
Lord William Wilson, Duke of Taysha
N/A N/A Elliessium Colorandum 19 October 2020 0 Governor
Lord Michael Simpson, Count of Occibrazos
N/A Western Jarrahview 5/6 January 2021 0 Governor
Lord Daniel Hamilton, Count of Jarrahview
N/A N/A Golcondiaurum 24 January 2021 0 Governor
Lord Michael Simpson, Count of Occibrazos
N/A N/A Travarn 10 July 2021 0 Governor
Lord Hunter Prater, Duke of Dixie
Cenomannica 11 August 2021 0 Governor
Vacant
N/A N/A Rubrum Beryllium 20 November 2021 0 Governor
Lord Michael Simpson, Count of Occibrazos
N/A Nervenston 30 July 2022 0 Governor
Lord Dominik Kądziołka, Baron of Nervenston
N/A Prahova 1 December 2023 0 Governor
H.E. Marshal Štefan Marius Snagoveanu
Elmythia 12 December 2023 0 Governor
Lord Konstantinos Papanatsios, Baron of Elmythia
Crown Dependencies
New South Scotland 25 January 2013 0 Governing Commissioner
H.E. The Rt Hon. Sir Hugh McFarlane, KCA
Enfriqua 15 January 2015 4 Governing Commissioner
H.E. Akka Bey
N/A Dekker 16 July 2015 6 Governing Commissioner
The Rt Hon. Patrick-Dylan Knox
N/A N/A Imperia 29 October 2015 4 Governing Commissioner
The Rt Hon. Ketan Uzagi, OAO
Esmondia 29 October 2015 0 Governing Commissioner
HRH King Tarik
N/A Rushymia 29 August 2018 0 King
HIM Emperor Jonathan I
N/A Kingeston 5 December 2018
(held Town status from 11 May 2020 - 24 August 2021)
0 Governing Commissioner
Vacant
Trebizond 8 January 2020 3 Governing Commissioner
Alexander IV
N/A Chersoneses 1 June 2020 1 Governing Commissioner
Mykolai Oliynyk
N/A Kaiomenia 5 October 2020 0 Governing Commissioner
Hegemon Thomas Marios I
New Pontunia 27 October 2020 5 Governing Commissioner
Andrew I, Duke of Pontunia
N/A Navurania 15 February 2022 0 Governing Commissioner
Winston Churchill Jr.
N/A N/A Shuhan 16 February 2022 2 Governing Commissioner
H.E. Juntao Yang, Duke of Shuhan
N/A N/A New Flat Rock 20 December 2020 (as Town)
1 December 2022 (as Crown Dependency)
5 Governing Commissioner
Lord Hunter Prater, Duke of Dixie
N/A N/A Ganapati Vihar 1 December 2022 0 Governing Commissioner
Soumyadip Sengupta

Government

Austenasia is an imperial monarchy ruled by the House of Austen. The Throne is officially hereditary, but out of the four Monarchs that Austenasia has had in its history, the second and third were not related to Terry I, the founding Emperor, and instead ascended the Throne by Acts of Parliament.

HIM Emperor Jonathan I is head of state as Monarch, and holds vast executive, legislative, and judicial powers. He is held accountable by the Austenasian Senate, a body which can pass advisory resolutions and ultimately has the power to depose the Monarch should they be considered incapable of ruling. The Monarch is also advised by the Privy Council, a body which he can consult for and which can issue the Monarch with non-binding advice and suggestions.

On a daily basis, most executive power is exercised by the Monarch and Cabinet of Austenasia, with the Prime Minister helping to co-ordinate the activities of Cabinet in accordance with policies decided by himself and the Monarch. Legislative power is vested in Parliament, which is comprised of the Monarch, Prime Minister, and House of Representatives. The judiciary is comprised of Town Courts, High Courts, and an Imperial Court, to try differing degrees of crimes, with the Consuls issuing sentences for those found guilty.

The part of Austenasia under the control of the central government is split into administrative districts of one City and nine Towns, each run by a Council of 3-20 people, and nineteen Territories, uninhabited areas of land in which law is when possible enforced by a Governor. In practice, Town and City Councils generally tend to desist from formally making any but basic and emergency bye-laws, with local government tending to function more on a communal consensus basis. All Representatives make up the House of Representatives, out of which is elected by universal suffrage the Prime Minister no less often than every four years. The Prime Minister and House of Representatives propose, debate and reword laws to be passed. They are then given Imperial Consent by the Monarch, entering them into law.

The Empire of Austenasia also contains fifteen Crown Dependencies, which fall under the direct and absolute authority of the Monarch, with Governing Commissioners usually being appointed to represent him and exercise his power. Acts of Parliament and other Austenasian laws do not apply to Crown Dependencies unless explicitly stated, with the Governing Commissioners exercising near-absolute domestic power.

Just over half of all Austenasians - 50.7% - do not live within Austenasia itself, instead holding the status of non-residential subjects. They are grouped into four Divisions, each of which also elects a Representative to Parliament.

Ministries

The following Government Ministries are headed by ministers who comprise Cabinet:

Members of the Government

Law and order

Law enforcement in the Empire of Austenasia is the responsibility of the Austenasian Police. Jurisprudence operates on a civil law legal system, with crimes being tried by a Town Court, a High Court, or the Imperial Court, depending on the severity of the offence. There are no permanent courts due to the rarity of crimes, with instead a court of the necessary rank to be summoned upon a person being charged with a crime. If a person is found guilty of a crime, then their punishment is decided by the Austenasian consuls. Civil disputes are resolved by a magistrate appointed by the Monarch, Prime Minister or Attorney General.

Austenasia has an extremely low crime rate. Since September 2008, only two arrests have ever been made, both on the same person, the then Princess Caroline (the first time for her part in the Skirmish of the Treasury and the second time for announcing an intention to overthrow the Emperor). The Austenasian Police once unsuccessfully attempted to arrest Lord Marshal William for rebellion and treason after he declared war on the Esmondian government, but he was granted amnesty and pardon at the end of the war.

Only three trials have ever taken place in Austenasia: Parliament vs. HIH Princess Caroline on 31 May 2009, The Imperial Majesty vs. HIM Emperor Jonathan I from 13–19 January 2016, and The Imperial Majesty vs. Lady Sophia Albina from 26–27 June 2021.

Capital punishment in Austenasia was outlawed on 13 December 2008, and this abolition was reaffirmed both on 21 March 2009 and 20 September 2011. The only sentences ever given in Austenasia so far have been exile and unpaid community service.

Law enforcement in the Empire is assisted by the State Intelligence Agency (SIA), a covert and secretive organization which gathers information about domestic and foreign threats. The SIA was founded in 2009, but its existence was not officially acknowledged until 2017.

Military

The Austenasian Armed Forces are the military of the Empire of Austenasia, administrated and partially funded by the Ministry of Defence. The Monarch is commander-in-chief of the military, and Lord Hunter Prater serves as Minister of Defence.

Between May 2009 and June 2020, Austenasia had a standing army which at one point counted 50 members. However, a prolonged peace since the War of the Orlian Reunification at the end of 2010 and many nominally enlisted soldiers falling out of contact with the government over the subsequent decade led to the Armed Forces Act 2020 being passed on 17 June of that year, by which the regular standing army was abolished. The Austenasian Armed Forces now consist of the Limitanei (local reserve militias), the Comitatenses (field armies which may be raised by the national government in times of war) and the Imperial Guard (the standing bodyguard unit of the Monarch).

Demographics

Population

Austenasia has a total population of one hundred and forty people. Sixty nine of these are residents registered as living in Austenasia, and seventy one are non-residential subjects who are entitled to vote in general elections and to hold the status of an Austenasian national despite not officially living within the Empire, due to having been granted the status by Parliament for various reasons or having subsequently moved away from Austenasian land claims. Those residents which are over the age of sixteen years hold the status of subject, meaning that they can vote in general elections and have more rights in regards to partaking in local government. Subjectship is sometimes also granted by Parliament to a limited number of younger residents should they hold governmental positions.

Countries in which Austenasian Honorary Subjects reside

On 12 November 2008, Act 20 (Honorary Subjects) was passed, creating the status of Honorary Subjects, to be bestowed by the Secretary-General on applicant non-Austenasians. The number of Honorary Subjects reached 100 on 5 May 2012 and 500 on 21 August 2020. There are currently 644 Honorary Subjects of Austenasia, residing in every continent on Earth other than Antarctica.

Languages

English is the most commonly spoken language in Austenasia, known and used daily by the majority of the population. English is generally the only language used for government business, although some Latin is rarely used for more ceremonial occasions. There are exceptions to the dominance of English in Austenasia. In Enfriqua, French is the vernacular; Marathi in Imperia; Turkish in Chalcedon and Trebizond; Ukrainian in Chersoneses; Estonian in Oppidum Tubae; Mandarin Chinese in Shuhan; and Dutch in Helinium.

Culture

Imperium

Since the reign of Esmond III, a world-view often known as the Imperium theory has grown in popularity within Austenasia, being partially adopted by official legislation during the reigns of Jonathan I and his predecessor. This worldview, which is both officially and popularly adhered to by the other Carshalton Nations and also particularly prevalent amongst the Austenasian Armed Forces, attaches significant importance to the title "Emperor", viewing the Austenasian Throne as being in succession to that of the Roman Emperors. This has helped accelerate the increase of monarchical authority in Austenasia and also resulted in several Roman elements being adopted by the Empire, such as a Latin national motto loosely based on SPQR, the institution of a Senate and of annually-appointed consuls, and - most openly - the inclusion of "Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans" in the official style of the Monarch.

Religion

Religions professed by Austenasians as of 29 October 2020

Since 21 June 2017, Austenasia has been an officially Christian country. Only baptised Christians are eligible to inherit and hold the Throne, Christian feast days are celebrated as public holidays, and Christian symbols are used for example in the national coat of arms. However, freedom of Austenasians to choose and practice their own religion has been guaranteed by law since December 2008, and is entrenched under Article XII, Paragraph C of the Constitution.

From the founding of Austenasia in September 2008 until the introduction of the first non-residential subject in April 2010, the entirety of Austenasia's population identified as Methodist Christians. As more people joined Austenasia, the proportion of Methodists with Austenasia declined, and Methodism is now professed by less than 5% of the population.

Out of all Austenasian subjects and residents, over five-sixths profess belief in a religion and less than a sixth identify as atheist or agnostic.

As of July 2021, roughly two thirds of Austenasians (64.66%) identified as Christians. The main other two religions are Sunni Islam and Hinduism, the practitioners of which together made up 15.5% of the population.

Media

Residents of Austenasia's enclaves read newspapers imported from and watch television channels broadcast from their neighbouring countries. The Austenasian Times is the semi-official Austenasian news service, founded by Jonathan I in November 2012 while he was still Crown Prince.

Austenasia has its own broadcasting corporation, Austenasian Television Productions (ATP). ATP, founded in December 2008, as well as publishing the Prime Minister's Broadcasts, also produces films for two series - Austenasian Events, small documentaries which record events concerning the Empire, and Cool Barbie, a sci-fi fantasy drama about a Barbie's encounters with extraterrestrials and villains in a world where toys are alive. All of these films are published on the ATP YouTube account, where they can be viewed free of charge. The former Lord Charles C. also produced Austenasian videos which he published on his website, Grinning Kettles. These videos were stop motion animated and contained surrealism and nonsense. Bogeyshire is a web series that includes four of these videos and Die Fairgrassen! is one other of said videos.

Notes

  1. Not including 644 foreign Honorary Subjects

References

  1. "Frequently Asked Questions", Empire of Austenasia, Retrieved 15 October 2011
  2. [[w:List_of_micronations "List of micronations", Wikipedia, the free online encyclopedia], Retrieved 15 October 2011
  3. "List of Micronations by Date Founded", MicroWikia, Retrieved 4 November 2011
  4. "History of Austenasia", Empire of Austenasia, Retrieved 15 October 2011
  5. "Towns", Empire of Austenasia, Retrieved 4 November 2011
  6. "Esmond III, Emperor of Austenasia - Becoming Emperor", MicroWikia, Retrieved 4 November 2011
  7. "2010 - Spring 2010", Austenasia News Archives, Retrieved 4 November 2011
  8. MicroWikia Newsfeed Revision as of 15:23, March 7, 2010 by Friedebarth, Retrieved 4 November 2011
  9. MicroWikia Newsfeed Revision as of 15:27, May 24, 2010 by Austenasia, Retrieved 4 November 2011
  10. "December Confession", MicroCommons, Retrieved 19 December 2011
  11. "2010 - Winter 2010", Austenasia News Archives, Retrieved 4 November 2011
  12. MicroWiki Newsfeed as edited by Austenasia at 19:41, 31 March 2011, Retrieved 4 November 2011
  13. Act 150 (Assimilation into Austenasia of the Midget Nation-in-Exile) of the Parliament of Austenasia, Retrieved 6 November 2011
  14. MicroWiki Newsfeed as edited by Austenasia at 06:10, 10 April 2011, Retrieved 6 November 2011
  15. Sutton Guardian, 23 September 2011,"Carshalton "micronation" pushes for independence from Sutton"
  16. MicroWiki Newsfeed as edited by Austenasia at 18:50 on 20 September 2011, Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  17. First Imperial Decree of HIM Emperor Declan I, Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  18. Augustus, Jonathan (20 January 2013) Declan I abdicates - Jonathan I ascends to the Throne, Austenasian Times. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
  19. Augustus, Jonathan (25 January 2013) Austenasia gains a Crown Dependency, Austenasian Times. Retrieved 14 May 2013.
  20. Augustus, Jonathan (20 February 2013) South American territory joins the Empire, Austenasian Times. Retrieved 14 May 2013.
  21. Augustus, Jonathan (4 May 2013) New territory annexed as administrative changes take place, Austenasian Times. Retrieved 14 May 2013.
  22. Augustus, Jonathan (4 May 2013) The Empire continues to expand, Austenasian Times. Retrieved 14 May 2013.
  23. Augustus, Jonathan (12 July 2013) Palasia annexed as ties cut with New Wessex, Austenasian Times. Retrieved 12 July 2013.

External links