Foreign relations of Austenasia

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The diplomatic foreign relations of the Empire of Austenasia are implemented by the Foreign Office of Austenasia, led by the Chief Ambassador. The power to grant official diplomatic recognition of sovereignty lies primarily with the Monarch, but the Prime Minister and Chief Ambassador can also grant recognition if through a diplomatic treaty.

Austenasia is the foremost power of the Carshalton Nations, with its Monarch being either their sovereign or suzerain, and Austenasia has been considered one of the most influential nations within the MicroWiki Community since late 2011. The Empire is a current member state of the Grand Unified Micronational, the Saint Josephsburg Economic Pact, and the Union Against Micronational War, and a former member state of the Organisation of Active Micronations.

Sovereignty disputes

Imperium

Recognised nations

Nations which are in a state of alliance with Austenasia

Nations which are protected states of Austenasia

Nations with which Austenasia has signed a treaty of mutual recognition

(Italic text signifies that diplomatic relations have been suspended by the Empire.)

Other nations which Austenasia recognises

(Bold text signifies that official recognition is mutual)

Antarctica

Austenasia has historically had varied stances on Antarctic territorial claims. Act 42 (International Diplomatic Relations), passed on 3 January 2009, recognised the claim of Flandrensis to Siple Island. Act 55 (Antarctica), passed on 31 January 2009, also recognised all official claims of UN member states other than those of Argentina and Chile, and most of the claims of Westarctica.

Act 74 (8th Revision to Existing Laws), passed on 18 April 2009, ratified the Antarctic Treaty and revoked recognition of Flandrensisian and Westarctican sovereignty over their land claims due to them having no population there, but acknowledged that they did have a population and so recognised them as sovereign nations rather than as sovereign states (recognition of Westarctica was fully revoked in September 2010 due to it being "defunct", that is, the government it then had becoming inactive).

On 10 September 2010, Act 126 (17th Revision to Existing Laws) repealed the law which had ratified the Antarctic Treaty. Although Act 126 did not specifically announce the Empire's withdrawal from the Treaty, from then on Austenasia de facto recognised no Antarctic claims. The Antarctica Act 2013 (given Imperial Consent on 16 January 2013) changed this - recognition of the Antarctic claims of UN member states recognised by Act 55 was reaffirmed, and the sovereignty of the three nations of the Flandrensisian Commonwealth (Flandrensis, Campinia and Arkel) was recognised over their Antarctic claims, becoming recognised as sovereign states (it was also confirmed that the Antarctic claim of Landashir was recognised).

Flandrensis

Jonathan I as Crown Prince (left) with HRH Grand Duke Niels I (right), 2012.
Jonathan I as Crown Prince (left) with HRH Grand Duke Niels I (right), 2012.

Austenasia and the Grand Duchy of Flandrensis entered into mutual recognition on 3 January 2009. Later that year, on 18 April, Austenasia clarified that it recognised Flandrensis as a nation only and not as a sovereign state, as Flandrensis does not exercise any control over the land that it claims (Siple Island, Antarctica). A treaty was signed between Austenasia and Flandrensis on 13 January 2013 in which the Empire recognised Flandrensisian sovereignty over its Antarctic claims and upgraded recognition of the Grand Duchy to being a sovereign state rather than merely a sovereign nation.

Both nations are on friendly terms, with both being members of the UAMW, and national leaders Jonathan I (while still Crown Prince) and Grand Duke Niels I of Flandrensis met at the 2012 Polination Conference. Flandrensisian foreign minister Daniel Morris visited Wrythe in September 2018 during the celebrations for Austenasia's tenth Independence Day, where he met Jonathan I and both signed the Wrythe Convention alongside other national leaders.

Westarctica

Austenasia unilaterally recognised Westarctica as a sovereign state on 31 January 2009, recognising all its land claims with the exception of those also claimed by Flandrensis and UN member states. On 18 April later that year, the Empire rescinded recognition of all Antarctic land claims, but continued to recognise Westarctica as a nation (instead of a state). This recognition was also rescinded on 10 September 2010 after the government of Westarctica became inactive, resulting in the effective collapse of the nation's sovereignty.

Austenasia restored recognition of Westarctica on 12 June 2015, and on 17 June later that month signed a treaty of mutual recognition and national co-operation with the Westarctican government. On 28 June 2019, Jonathan I met with Dr Kim Bryan, Westarctican Consul to the United Kingdom, at the 2019 GUM Birmingham Summit.

Austenasia also held diplomatic relations with the Imperial Kingdom of Calsahara, a separate nation which was annexed by Westarctica in October 2017 and is now a Westarctican colony. Austenasia and Calsahara entered into mutual diplomatic relations on 10 September 2010, and signed a treaty of mutual friendship and co-operation eleven days later, on 21 September.


Europe

N.B. - Transcontinental nations are listed under the continent in which their capital is located.

Adammia

Jonathan I (left) with Adam I (right) upon the latter's visit to Wrythe on 15 September 2018.
Jonathan I (left) with Adam I (right) upon the latter's visit to Wrythe on 15 September 2018.

Formal diplomatic relations were established with the Empire of Adammia on 23 May 2018 upon the signing of a treaty of mutual recognition between Jonathan I and Adam I, the respective monarchs of Austenasia and Adammia. Genealogical research undertaken by both Jonathan I and Adam I has revealed that the two monarchs are eleventh cousins once removed via the House of Boxall; this resulted in Adam I - by an Imperial Decree passed on 29 September 2018 - being given the right to put forward a claim to the Austenasian Throne in certain circumstances should the official Line of Succession come to an end. The two monarchs have met twice to date, the first when Adam I visited Wrythe in September 2018 during the celebrations for Austenasia's tenth Independence Day, and the second at the June 2019 GUM Birmingham Summit.

The 2018 treaty between the two states specified that the designation of the Adammic state as an "Empire" would be recognised as being the more inclusive definition of "a political unit comprising a number of different territories" rather than as a successor of the Roman Empire; furthermore, it was recognised that the claim of Adam I to the rank of emperor would not be recognised by Austenasia, although he would be considered the fully legitimate and sole legal monarch and head of state of Adammia in all other respects, the reservation being purely one of titulature. However, on 1 January 2020 a new treaty signed between Austenasia, Adammia, and the Holy Roman Empire established recognition for Adammia's claim to imperium, and since then Adam I has been recognised as holding equal imperial rank to Jonathan I.

Dominel

The Empire of Austenasia entered into mutual recognition and diplomatic relations with the Kingdom of Dominel on 18 November 2020 with the signing of a treaty, after informal relations were forged on the initiative of Prime Minister Lord John Gordon. Dominel accepted the status of a protected state, with Austenasia bound by treaty to provide for its military defence upon request. Dominel is located nearby to Lord Gordon's home town, Palasia, opening up the possibility for state visits in the future.

Holy Roman Empire

The Empire of Austenasia granted recognition to the newly re-established Holy Roman Empire (HRE) as an "imperial confederation of sovereign states over which the Holy Roman Emperor holds imperium" on 21 September 2016 in a clause of a treaty signed with the Kingdom of Wyvern, whose king Quentin I had declared himself Holy Roman Emperor. By this treaty, the Austenasian Throne bestowed recognition of imperial rank upon Quentin I, thereby legitimating the restored HRE in the eyes of many. Austenasia recognises the sovereignty of each member state of the Holy Roman Empire for as long as it is a member state; likewise, the Holy Roman Empire's Imperial Chancellor Bradley of Dullahan specified in October 2016 that all member states of the HRE recognise Austenasia.

Iceni Democratic Republic

A treaty of mutual recognition was signed between the Empire of Austenasia and the Iceni Republic on 3 December 2018, while the latter was still known as Sakasaria. The Iceni Republic and its predecessor states had long been infamous for the appearance of political instability, frequently changing its form and structure of government, but as the core population group and territorial claims have remained consistent over this time the Austenasian government judged it possible to extend diplomatic recognition to the nation. The Iceni Republic was founded and is run by Lord John Gordon, who is also an Austenasian politician and Representative of Palasia; furthermore, Emperor Jonathan I served as the monarch of one of the Iceni Republic's predecessor states from 26 June to 14 November 2017.

Imvrassia

Austenasia and the Empire of Imvrassia entered into mutual recognition and diplomatic relations on 19 April 2017 with the signing of a treaty promising friendly relations. The 2017 treaty allowed for dual nationality - Lord Peter Palaiologos, Count of Mentavlos at that time being both an Austenasian and an Imvrassian citizen - and, while recognising both states as in political succession from the Roman Empire and the Austenasian Monarch's title "Emperor of the Romans", clarified that the holding of said title would give no right to interfere domestically within Imvrassia. An issue developed in 2020, when on 1 January the title of Emperor was claimed for its monarchs without the agreement of Austenasia, in violation of the earlier treaty between the two states. Due to its own treaty obligations, Austenasia was unable to recognise the new claim to imperium without the consent of the Holy Roman Empire and Adammia, which did not wish to recognise Imvrassia as holding imperial rank. On 1 May 2020, an agreement was reached between the three pre-existing empires to recognise the Imvrassian monarchs as holding the rank of Caesar rather than Augustus, but to translate this into English as "Emperor"; this compromise was accepted by Imvrassia, along with the understanding that any Imvrassian uses of Augustan rank would be neither recognised nor protested by the other empires, and perhaps recognised in time. This came to pass on 23 October later that year, when an effort spearheaded by Jonathan I and Bradley, Duke of Dullahan resulted in Austenasia and the Holy Roman Empire recognising (with the consent of Adam I of Adammia) the claim of the Imvrassian Crown to Augustan rank.

Juclandia

Austenasia formally recognised the Kingdom of Juclandia on 31 December 2011, and a treaty of mutual recognition between the two nations was signed two days later. On 17 November 2012, the joint Austenasian-Juclandian cultural project of Crepundia was unveiled in Wrythe, strengthening the bonds between the two nations, and Austenasia was declared a "sister nation" of Juclandia by a decree made by the King of Juclandia on 30 March 2013. The treaty of mutual recognition defining the friendship between Juclandia and the Empire was updated on 16 June 2013, and national leaders Emperor Jonathan I and King Ciprian met at the 2013 Intermicronational Summit. Austenasia and Juclandia currently hold very strong friendly relations.

Emperor Jonathan I of Austenasia (left) with Queen Carolyn I of Ladonia (right) in London in July 2015, holding the impromptu Treaty of Heathrow.
Emperor Jonathan I of Austenasia (left) with Queen Carolyn I of Ladonia (right) in London in July 2015, holding the impromptu Treaty of Heathrow.

Ladonia

Austenasia formally recognised the Royal Republic of Ladonia on 11 February 2013. A treaty of mutual recognition was signed between Emperor Jonathan I of Austenasia and Queen Carolyn I of Ladonia at a meeting between the two in London on 12 July 2015, with a friendship between the two monarchs having been built up over the previous few years primarily via various Skype venues. They had previously met at the 2012 Polination Conference, while Jonathan I was still Crown Prince.

Landashir

Emperor Jonathan I of Austenasia (left) with Premier James von Puchow of Landashir (right), 2013.
Emperor Jonathan I of Austenasia (left) with Premier James von Puchow of Landashir (right), 2013.

Austenasia and Landashir formally entered into diplomatic recognition on 13 August 2012, although amicable interactions and an informal friendship had existed between the two states since early 2010 - James von Puchow, the founder and leader of Landashir, was given Austenasian knighthoods in September 2010 and June 2011 and the title Vizier of Rushymia in October 2010. Jonathan I (while still Crown Prince) met with von Puchow at the 2011 Intermicronational Summit and at the 2012 Polination Conference, and von Puchow visited the Austenasian capital of Wrythe along with diplomats from Francisville and Sandus the day after the 2012 Conference. A month later, on 14 August, the Crown Prince visited Landashir in the first Austenasian state visit to another nation since February 2011. Von Puchow also visited Wrythe for the Coronation of Emperor Jonathan I in February 2013, and from 2014 to 2018 was an Austenasian national, holding the office of Governor for both Glencrannog and Glencoe. On 10 February 2017, Landashir denounced its territorial claims, becoming a sovereign nation only rather than a sovereign nation-state. This was recognised retrospectively by the Empire in August later that year.

Mercia

Austenasia officially granted diplomatic recognition to Mercia - which had already recognised the Empire for some time previously - on 4 June 2016 as a sovereign nation. Informal friendly diplomatic interactions, such as the heads of state of the two nations meeting at international summits and exchanging Christmas cards, had already prior to this taken place since 2012. Plans for a Mercian state visit to Wrythe in August 2020 were cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Pavlov

Austenasia and the Empire of Pavlov entered into mutual recognition and diplomatic relations on 3 January 2020 with the signing of a treaty between the two states, while the latter was known as the Principality of Montescano. Prior to this, the then Prince Dionisiy I of Montescano had already been involved with the Empire, having ceded his house to Austenasia as the Town of Theodosiopolis on 21 March 2019. Prince Dionisiy subsequently became Leader of the Opposition, and then Prime Minister of Austenasia from 13 February - 1 June 2020, but resigned from his political positions after a political crisis, with Theodosiopolis and other land claims he had annexed leaving the Empire.

However, the departure of Dionisiy from Austenasia was in many ways as amicable as it could have been in the circumstances, with the Prince arranging upon his resignation for the annexation of Chersoneses and remaining Despot of Trebizond in an autonomous capacity. Montescano soon afterwards transitioned into Pavlov, with Prince Dionisiy becoming Alexander IV and claiming the title Emperor, and the nation abandoning its claims to territorial sovereignty; Austenasia on 20 July therefore amended its recognition of Pavlov, with their approval, to being a "sovereign entity under international law" rather than a sovereign state proper.

The cultural and ideological tenets of Pavlov conflict on paper in many ways with those of Austenasia, specifically regarding claims to imperial rank and to succession from Rome, but the friendly personal relations between Alexander IV and Emperor Jonathan I have resulted in mutually acceptable compromises regarding said issues. By the consent of Alexander IV, Jonathan I passed an Imperial Decree on 14 July 2020 by which it was clarified that Pavlov's claim to have an emperor would not be recognised by Austenasia, although Alexander IV would be considered the fully legitimate and sole legal monarch and head of state of Pavlov in all other respects, the reservation being purely one of titulature. A new treaty between Austenasia and Pavlov, replacing that signed on 3 January, was signed on 21 September 2020, in which the two countries pledged friendship towards one another, Jonathan I and Alexander IV mutually recognising each other as "Roman monarchs" and intentionally avoiding addressing in any further detail their mutually conflicting claims regarding Imperium.

Ongal

Austenasia and the Principality of Ongal entered into mutual recognition and diplomatic relations on 1 July 2016 following three weeks of online negotiations with the signing of a treaty promising friendly relations and mutual assistance. Emperor Jonathan I of Austenasia and Prince Milomir I of Ongal are both Orthodox Christians, with the two monarchs having bonded over their shared faith.

Orly

Austenasia and Orly are geographically very close, with almost exactly one mile between their borders at their closest point. The Caesarship of Orly, the original incarnation of Orly, never entered into diplomatic relations with Austenasia even though the Caesar of Orly had been appointed by and recognised the suzerainty of the Emperor of Austenasia, who had given him his title. On 19 July 2010, the Caesarship split into the Kingdom of Copan and the Kingdom of the Grove, two nations both of which entered into formal diplomatic relations with Austenasia on 7 August 2010 and also recognised the suzerainty of Austenasia. The two kingdoms were united into the Tsardom of Orly in early December 2010 by Declan I, and despite a short war breaking out between Austenasia and Orly over the opposition of Emperor Esmond III to a reunited Orly, the "Tsardom of Orly" held strong friendly diplomatic relations with the Empire under Declan I for the rest of its existence.

Orly was declared to be in political union with Wilcsland as the United Kingdom of New Wessex on 14 January 2012, but was liberated from foreign rule on 24 June 2013. Orly returned to the somewhat unique situation of being one nation comprised of two sovereign states, Copan and the Grove, both recognising Austenaian suzerainty. After its monarchs asked for protection against any future threats to their independence, Orly was made a protected state of the Empire that same day, with Austenasia pledging to defend both the Grove and Copan against any outside attacks should it be requested to.

Since the Liberation of Orly, Copan has been ruled by Queen Emma I and the Grove by King Calum I. Emma I also administers the Austenasian exclave of East Wrythe as the Copanese embassy to Austenasia. Calum I likewise maintains strong friendly relations with Austenasia, having met with his former classmate Jonathan I several times in a diplomatic capacity since they both left school, most recently in a working visit to Wrythe on 31 December 2019.

Ovrestlia

Austenasia and the Empire of Ovrestlia entered into formal diplomatic relations with the signing of a treaty on 10 September 2020, following negotiations which began in June earlier that year. In exchange for diplomatic recognition from Austenasia, Ovrestlian monarch Thomas Marios I agreed to use the title "Hegemon" rather than "Emperor" in communications with Austenasia, and to cede an area of land to Austenasia which he would administer; this resulted in the cession of Kaiomenia on 5 October 2020, which Thomas Marios I administers for Austenasia as Governing Commissioner.

Reylan Imperial Triumvirate

Emperors Jonathan I of Austenasia (left) with Taeglan I Nihilus of Reyla (right), 2013.
Emperors Jonathan I of Austenasia (left) with Taeglan I Nihilus of Reyla (right), 2013.

Austenasia and the Reylan Imperial Triumvirate entered into mutual recognition on 14 January 2012, and signed a treaty of mutual recognition and non-aggression the following day. National leaders Jonathan I (while still Crown Prince) and Taeglan I Nihilus (of Austenasia and Reyla, respectively) had met five months previously at the 2011 Intermicronational Summit, and met again at the 2012 Polination Conference.

Jonathan I and Taeglan I met again at the Coronation of Emperor Jonathan I on 23 February 2013. The two monarchs there signed the Treaty of Wrythe, formally giving recognition of each other's full imperial rank and reaffirming the treaty signed between Austenasia and Reyla the previous year. A further meeting between the two Emperors took place on 14 October 2014 at Putney in celebration of the 20th birthday of Jonathan I, and they met again at the Midsummer Micronational Meeting on 18 July 2015.

In September 2019, in response to inquiries regarding the decreasing activity of Reyla on the international stage, Taeglan I gave his permission for the Treaty of Wrythe to be rescinded. On 27 September, Jonathan I co-authored a declaration with Quentin I, Holy Roman Emperor in which Taeglan I was recognised to, as of 1 October, be a Caesar rather than an Augustus. However, Jonathan I made it clear that this "demotion" did not imply that Austenasia was distancing itself from Reyla diplomatically, and granted Taeglan I a title of nobility in the Independence Day honours list that year.

Rhōmanía

The Basileia of the Romans, commonly known as Rhōmanía, existed as the Austenasian Crown Dependency of Mouzilo from 14 February 2019 (having previously been a part of Ashukovo until it was granted independence on 25 May 2020. Mouzilo soon transitioned into the Basileia of the Romans, claiming continuity with the Eastern Roman Empire due to its geographic situation and ethnic composition, and its monarch Manolis Afentoulis (who had served as Austenasian Governing Commissioner) took the throne as Basileus Emmanuel I & II.

Upon its independence from Austenasia, the Act of Parliament which ceded it stated that "a close and friendly relationship with Mouzilo [sic] will be a priority of the Austenasian Government". The claim of Rhōmanía to be a continuation of the Roman Empire and the assumption of the title Basileus by its monarch led to negotiations conducted between the Austenasian and Rhomaian governments over June 2020 regarding the compatibility of the claims of the latter with the worldview of the former. Acceptable agreements were made, and a treaty formalising the friendship between the two states was signed on 16 September 2020.

Rudno

The Empire of Austenasia recognised the Commonwealth of Rudno as a sovereign state - and as a successor state to the now-defunct Francisville - on 12 June 2015. A treaty of mutual recognition was signed in London between Emperor Jonathan I of Austenasia and Ambict Sebastian Linden of Rudno on 18 July the following month. Linden became an Austenasian subject on 20 June 2020, having previously served as Governor of Glencoe and of Iostan na Beithe since January 2018 and as Pontifex Maximus since March 2019.

Venedia

The Empire of Austenasia and the Free and Independent Association of Venedia entered into mutual recognition on 28 July 2018, when Emperor Jonathan I signed a treaty with Superior Jan Linhart and Secretary Marie Lencová at a meeting in central London. Austenasia at present recognises Venedia as a sovereign entity under international law (cf. the international status of the SMOM), having pledged in the treaty signed to fully recognise Venedia as a sovereign state upon the latter's establishment of a territorial claim.

Vlasynia

Austenasia and the Despotate of Vlasynia entered into mutual recognition on 6 July 2020 with the signing of a treaty of mutual recognition, having previously held informal friendly relations for two years.

Volfa

Austenasia and Volfa entered into mutual recognition on 27 January 2014 after several months of close informal friendly relations. Due to Volfa being a national community not tied to any land claims, it was recognised as a sovereign nation rather than a sovereign state, but by early 2015 only one member of Volfa - its leader, Volfym - remained in its community. On 12 June 2015, Austenasia therefore changed its recognition of Volfa to that of a sovereign entity under international law rather than a sovereign nation.

Wildflower Meadows

Austenasia and the Principality of Wildflower Meadows currently enjoy very close diplomatic relations, the incumbent heads of state of the two nations being in a romantic relationship with each other and engaged to be married. The Principality was claimed by Emperor Jonathan I on 12 May 2016 for his unmarried partner Princess Consort Hannah, whom he then crowned Princess of Wildflower Meadows. The two signed a treaty of national friendship and co-operation on 31 May later that month, which also made Wildflower Meadows a protected state of the Empire, a status which had been promised to the Principality by the Emperor since its foundation. Jonathan I holds Wildflowerian citizenship and the title Duke of Sweetpea Valley within Wildflower Meadows, whereas Princess Hannah holds the status of an Augusta and several other titles within Austenasia.

Wyvern

Austenasia and the Kingdom of Wyvern entered into mutual recognition on 27 January 2014, having previously had a somewhat tense informal relationship via mediums such as the Grand Unified Micronational primarily due to a long-standing enmity between Wyvern and Sandus. However, Austenasia has also co-operated with Wyvern in the past, such as during the Yablokogate crisis and the 24 Hour Quorum. A treaty to further cement the new-found friendship between the two nations was signed on 21 September 2016, which included Austenasian recognition of the Holy Roman Empire. Both Wyvern and Austenasia are current members of the GUM and the UAMW.

North America

N.B. - Transcontinental nations are listed under the continent in which their capital is located.

Ashukovo

Austenasia and the Ashukov Federation formally recognised each other on 27 January 2014, although the two states had engaged in informal friendly contact for several months prior to that date; for example, Jonathan I was present at the online inauguration of Sebastian Schriber as President of the Ashukov Federation two days before the country was officially recognised. Lord Admiral Joseph Kennedy, the Prime Minister of Austenasia from 2015–20, was the first Ashukov president.

By early 2015, Ashukovo had effectively dissolved, with its government having become entirely titular. Austenasia recognised the dissolution of Ashukovo on 12 June 2015. During this time, some of the land formerly belonging to the Federation became part of the Empire's town of New Richmond. On 29 January 2017, former Ashukov President Edward Jacobs announced the rebirth of Ashukovo statehood and proclaimed himself head of state. The reborn Ashukov Federation signed a treaty of mutual recognition with Austenasia on 4 May 2017, with the Empire re-recognising Ashukov sovereignty.

By late 2018, Ashukovo had effectively collapsed, and its dissolution was recognised by Austenasia on 14 February 2019. However, Edward Jacobs once more revitalized the country on 5 April 2020, proclaiming a new Republic of Ashukovo which was formally recognised as the Federation's successor state by Austenasia on 1 June later that year.

Delvera

Austenasia entered into mutual recognition with NottaLotta Acres, the predecessor nation of Delvera, on 29 September 2010. Before this, between 13 March and 2 April 2010, the two nations had been at war with NottaLotta Acres as part of the Allied Carolinian Coalition. After the Austenasian Civil War ended, some hostility remained between the two due to NottaLotta Acres not officially renouncing their support of Carolinianism for some months. They did this on 13 September 2010 after negotiations between the governments of both nations, and on 8 October 2010 signed a treaty of mutual friendship and co-operation. NottaLotta Acres collapsed and was absorbed into the Grand Republic of Delvera in August 2016, upon which the Empire signed a treaty of mutual recognition with the Grand Republic of Delvera on 21 September later that year.

The Austenasian government announced a cutting of diplomatic relations with Delvera on 4 September 2017 in response to the discovery of an attempt by a member of the Delveran government to incite a coup within the Empire. This followed a month of increasing diplomatic tensions which began when a member of the Delveran government issued an insulting response to Emperor Jonathan I being unable to take part in a scheduled online discussion. Delvera is currently the only country which is in a state of mutual recognition with Austenasia but with which diplomatic relations have officially been suspended, but communication over May 2020 has resulted in an agreement to re-establish formal ties with a treaty in the near future.

Florenia

Austenasia and the Kingdom of Florenia entered into mutual recognition on 31 December 2011 after diplomatic relations were requested by Florenia some days previously.

Gradonia

Discussions regarding diplomatic relations between Austenasia and the Kingdom of Gradonia took place over April and May 2019, with the wording of a treaty of mutual recognition being agreed upon by the end of May. The signing of this treaty was however delayed so that it could be done in person at the Birmingham GUM Summit on 28 June 2019. This event saw Jonathan I sign said treaty with Lord Jack of Essexia, who had been given diplomatic authority to represent the Gradonian government.

Since 19 January 2020, William I of Gradonia has also been an Austenasian subject and resident of Nahona. He currently serves as Representative of the Town and as Deputy Prime Minister of Austenasia, as well as Magrave of Campo de Jonatán and Governor of Jackson.

Ikonia

Austenasia and the Kingdom of Ikonia entered into diplomatic relations with the signing of a treaty of mutual recognition on 20 August 2020.

Iustus

A treaty of mutual recognition was signed between Austenasia and the Empire of Iustus on 28 June 2020. Iustus is situated a short distance away from Kingeston, an Austenasian Town which is home to Austin Jaax, who several days after founding Kingeston in December 2018 also became monarch of Iustus. Although the Iustian Monarchy uses the title of "Emperor" domestically, it uses "Princeps" in its relations with Austenasia due to the latter's pre-existing treaty obligations regarding the recognition of Emperors.

Molossia

Jonathan I as Crown Prince (right) with President Kevin Baugh (left), 2012.
Jonathan I as Crown Prince (right) with President Kevin Baugh (left), 2012.

Austenasia and the Republic of Molossia entered into mutual recognition and informal friendly relations on 27 December 2008. Since then, the two nations have maintained a close friendship, and together organised the Intermicronational Environmental Year in May 2009. Jonathan I (while still Crown Prince) met with President Kevin Baugh and First Lady Adrianne of Molossia at the 2012 Polination Conference, and President Baugh has been an Honorary Subject of Austenasia since May 2015.

New Virginia

The Commonwealth of New Virginia and the Empire of Austenasia have been in a state of mutual recognition since the former's foundation on 11 February 2020, with New Virginia coming about via the amicable bilateral secession of three Austenasian Towns. The Austenasian legislation which ceded New Virginia established "that a close friendship and alliance with the Commonwealth is a top priority of the Austenasian government", and the New Virginian government has stated their commitment to the same. As such, a Treaty of Alliance between the Empire of Austenasia and New Virginia was ratified by both states on 6 May 2020. New Virginia is the only country with which Austenasia is currently in a formal state of alliance, and the first to hold that status since the end of the alliance with New Wessex in August 2013.

Due to the circumstances of its creation, New Virginia is the youngest state recognised by Austenasia. Both nations are member states of the GUM.

Paloma

Austenasia and the Free Socialist State of Paloma signed a mutual recognition treaty on 13 November 2020, after a few months of informal interactions between Emperor Jonathan I and President Aidan McGrath which started in early March of 2020.

Sandus

Austenasia and the State of Sandus entered into formal mutual recognition on 21 September 2011, after having been in informal friendly relations since July 2009. Jonathan I (while still Crown Prince) met with Will Sörgel of Sandus at the 14 July 2012 Polination Conference, and Sörgel visited the Austenasian capital of Wrythe the following day along with diplomats from Landashir and Francisville.

Both nations held a very close diplomatic partnership - despite having no bilateral treaty between them - until July 2016, when diplomatic relations were suspended by Austenasian Prime Minister Lord Admiral Joseph Kennedy after unfounded accusations were made by Sörgel against Emperor Jonathan I and the then GUM Chairman. Diplomatic talks between the Empire and Sandus on 2 October 2016 mediated by Überstadt failed to result in any thaw in tensions or significant agreements, but in November 2018 by the agreement of both Jonathan I and Sörgel an effort began to aim for a gradual normalization of relations. This eventually resulted in a treaty of friendship being signed on 31 July 2019, restoring diplomatic relations and some level of mutual goodwill between the two nations.

St. George

Austenasia and the Principality of St. George entered into mutual recognition and diplomatic relations on 30 April 2019 with the signing of a treaty of friendship and mutual recognition. Emperor Jonathan I of Austenasia and Prince Dean II of St. George are both Orthodox Christians, with the two monarchs having bonded over their shared faith.

Überstadt

Austenasia and the Kingdom of Überstadt entered into mutual diplomatic relations on 15 January 2012 and signed a treaty of mutual recognition on 28 May 2012. A new treaty was signed on 20 June 2013, updating Austenasian recognition of Überstadt to that of a sovereign state rather than a sovereign nation after Überstadt gained sovereign territory in February earlier that year. Both are members of the UAMW and SJEP. King Adam I of Überstadt currently serves as Governing Commissioner of the Austenasian Crown Dependency of Oregonia, and a third treaty between the two nations was signed on 11 July 2015 to regulate mutual defence agreements concerning the surrounding area. The two nations currently hold strong friendly relations, and an unmanned Austenasian embassy to Überstadt was established in Rosewood on 10 August 2015.

West Who

Austenasia and the Republic of West Who entered into mutual recognition and diplomatic relations on 3 August 2019 upon the signing of a treaty between the heads of state of both nations.

Oceania

Arborea

Austenasia and the People's Democratic Autocracy of Arborea entered into informal friendly relations in May 2011, after a request from the Arborean government. Formal diplomatic relations began after official recognition was mutualised by Austenasia on 21 September later that year.

Uskor

Austenasia and the Socialist Commonwealth of Uskor entered into formal diplomacy when the latter was still known as Zealandia by the signing of a treaty on 23/24 March 2014 (23 March in Wrythe, 24 in Zealandia), having held informal friendly relations since the middle of 2012. Queen Astrid of Zealandia governed the Austenasian Crown Dependency of New South Scotland (NSS) from its cession to the Empire in January 2013 until September 2016.

Relations with Zealandia were soured as a result of the 2014 New South Scotland crisis, when the then Queen Astrid attempted to occupy and claim New South Scotland for Zealandia after initially claiming that she was being forced to do so by rogue elements of the Zealandian military. After massive diplomatic pressure from the international community, Zealandia backed down and accepted a compromise offered by Jonathan I, whereby NSS was administered by Zealandia on behalf of Austenasia but remained under the official sovereignty of the latter. However, tensions remained, and rose again in early March 2015 after a misunderstanding brought about by a change in the terminology used by the Zealandian government to refer to NSS. This second low-point in relations was ended by the signing of a treaty on 3 May reaffirming the compromise reached in June 2014. Since then, relations have slowly begun to improve, bolstered by the return of New South Scotland to direct Austenasian administration in September 2016 and an informal partnership against diplomatic hostility from Sandus.

South America

Sabia and Verona

Austenasia held diplomatic relations with two incarnations of what is now the Kingdom of Sabia and Verona - namely New Balland and Dakrit - between April and June 2012, revoking recognition upon the dissolution of the latter. This same community became an overseas territory of Juclandia on 20 October 2012 - during which the Austenasian Crown Dependency of Esmondia, which borders Sabia and Verona and is governed by its king, was founded - and upon gaining its independence on 28 February 2016 retained recognition of Austenasia. The Empire formally reciprocated this recognition on 4 June 2016, and the two states signed a formal treaty of mutual recognition and co-operation on 8 December 2019.

Tacit recognition

Austenasia claims to have received tacit recognition - that is, acts or conduct which, in the absence of any indication to the contrary, can be reasonably interpreted to imply recognition - from several countries which have not explicitly granted the Empire official diplomatic recognition.

  • Italy: On 17 March 2009, an e-mail from the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs addressed the then Crown Prince Jonathan as "Your Imperial Highness" and referred to him as "Primo Ministro" (Prime Minister) in the subject line of the message, implying recognition of Austenasia's monarchy and government.
  • United Kingdom: Declarations of independence sent to the British government on three separate occcasions in late 2008 did not result in any response from the United Kingdom denouncing Austenasia's secession - neither has any opposition to independence been voiced since, even after the Empire has been three times featured in a local newspaper, gained a local following numbering in the hundreds, and had an article about it written on Wikipedia. On 16 March 2010, an e-mail from the administration of Sutton Wide Area Network (an intranet for local council facilities and educational establishments confirmed upon inquiry in July that year to be managed by the London Borough of Sutton and run by Sutton Council employees) addressed the then Crown Prince Jonathan as "The Crown Prince of Austenasia", referred to the website of the Austenasian government as "your state website", and stated that they had "verified" Austenasia's "national status", showing de facto recognition of Austenasia by the local government. Said de facto recognition from the local council was further demonstrated during July 2010, when a large proportion of workers at Sutton Council (including the then Chief Executive) were made aware of Austenasia's existence yet expressed interest and encouragement rather than any opposition to its independence. On 20 May 2011, Crown Prince Jonathan met with Tom Brake (MP for Carshalton and Wallington) to discuss diplomacy with the UK. Mr. Brake contacted the British Foreign Office on the Empire's behalf, and later informed the local newspaper that he "wish[ed the Crown Prince] every luck with his campaign" to have Austenasia recognised.