Foreign relations of Austenasia

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The diplomatic foreign relations of the Empire of Austenasia are implemented by the Foreign Office of Austenasia, led by the Chief Ambassador. The power to grant official diplomatic recognition of sovereignty lies primarily with the Monarch, but the Prime Minister and Chief Ambassador can also grant recognition if through a diplomatic treaty.

Austenasia is the foremost power of the Carshalton Nations, with its Monarch being either their sovereign or suzerain, and Austenasia has been considered one of the most influential nations within the MicroWiki Community since late 2011. The Empire is a current member state of the Grand Unified Micronational, the Saint Josephsburg Economic Pact, and the Union Against Micronational War, and a former member state of the Organisation of Active Micronations.

Sovereignty disputes

Recognised nations

(Italic text signifies that diplomatic relations have been suspended by the Empire.)

Nations which are protected states of Austenasia

Nations with which Austenasia has signed a treaty of mutual recognition

Other nations which Austenasia recognises

(Bold text signifies that official recognition is mutual)

Antarctica

Austenasia has historically had varied stances on Antarctic territorial claims. Act 42 (International Diplomatic Relations), passed on 3 January 2009, recognised the claim of Flandrensis to Siple Island. Act 55 (Antarctica), passed on 31 January 2009, also recognised all official claims of UN member states other than those of Argentina and Chile, and most of the claims of Westarctica.

Act 74 (8th Revision to Existing Laws), passed on 18 April 2009, ratified the Antarctic Treaty and revoked recognition of Flandrensisian and Westarctican sovereignty over their land claims due to them having no population there, but acknowledged that they did have a population and so recognised them as sovereign nations rather than as sovereign states (recognition of Westarctica was fully revoked in September 2010 due to it being "defunct", that is, the government it then had becoming inactive).

On 10 September 2010, Act 126 (17th Revision to Existing Laws) repealed the law which had ratified the Antarctic Treaty. Although Act 126 did not specifically announce the Empire's withdrawal from the Treaty, from then on Austenasia de facto recognised no Antarctic claims. The Antarctica Act 2013 (given Imperial Consent on 16 January 2013) changed this - recognition of the Antarctic claims of UN member states recognised by Act 55 was reaffirmed, and the sovereignty of the three nations of the Flandrensisian Commonwealth (Flandrensis, Campinia and Arkel) was recognised over their Antarctic claims, becoming recognised as sovereign states (it was also confirmed that the Antarctic claim of Landashir was recognised).

Arkel

Austenasia and the Principality of Arkel entered into mutual recognition on 13 January 2013 after a treaty of friendship and co-operation which included mutual recognition of sovereignty was signed between Austenasia and each of the thee nations of the Flandrensisian Commonwealth. Relatively friendly informal relations had existed between the two states for some time prior to official recognition - the then Prince of Arkel, Maarten I, was knighted into the Austenasian Order of the Crown Prince in April 2011, and Jonathan I of Austenasia (while still Crown Prince) was made a member of Arkel's Order of the Ladder in July later that year. Both states are current members of the UAMW.

Flandrensis

Jonathan I as Crown Prince (left) with HRH Grand Duke Niels I (right), 2012.
Jonathan I as Crown Prince (left) with HRH Grand Duke Niels I (right), 2012.

Austenasia and the Grand Duchy of Flandrensis entered into mutual recognition on 3 January 2009. Later that year, on 18 April, Austenasia clarified that it recognised Flandrensis as a nation only and not as a sovereign state, as Flandrensis does not excercise any control over the land that it claims (Siple Island, Antarctica). A treaty was signed between Austenasia and Flandrensis on 13 January 2013 in which the Empire recognised Flandrensisian sovereignty over its Antarctic claims and upgraded recognition of the Grand Duchy to being a sovereign state rather than merely a sovereign nation.

Both nations are on friendly terms, and both are members of the UAMW. National leaders Jonathan I (while still Crown Prince) and Grand Duke Niels I of Flandrensis met at the 2012 Polination Conference.

Westarctica

Austenasia unilaterally recognised Westarctica as a sovereign state on 31 January 2009, recognising all its land claims with the exception of those also claimed by Flandrensis and UN member states. On 18 April later that year, the Empire rescinded recognition of all Antarctic land claims, but continued to recognise Westarctica as a nation (instead of a state). This recognition was also rescinded on 10 September 2010 after the government of Westarctica became inactive, resulting in the effective collapse of the nation's sovereignty.

Austenasia restored recognition of Westarctica on 12 June 2015, and on 17 June later that month signed a treaty of mutual recognition and national co-operation with the Westarctican government.

Europe

N.B. - Transcontinental nations are listed under the continent in which their capital is located.

Daljam

The Empire granted official recognition to Daljam on 26 August 2017. Earlier that month, Daljam's leader - Iron Lord Daniel Dankovsky - became an Austenasian subject upon the creation of the Austenasian Town of Jovanovo, which he currently represents in Parliament as its Acting Representative.

Holy Roman Empire

The Empire of Austenasia granted recognition to the newly re-established Holy Roman Empire (HRE) as an "imperial confederation of sovereign states over which the Holy Roman Emperor holds imperium" on 21 September 2016 in a clause of a treaty signed with the Kingdom of Wyvern, whose king Quentin I had declared himself Holy Roman Emperor. By this treaty, the Austenasian Throne bestowed recognition of imperial rank upon Quentin I, thereby legitimating the restored HRE in the eyes of many. Austenasia recognises the sovereignty of each member state of the Holy Roman Empire for as long as it is a member state; likewise, the Holy Roman Empire's Imperial Chancellor Bradley of Dullahan specified in October 2016 that all member states of the HRE recognise Austenasia.

Imvrassia

Austenasia and the Kingdom of Imvrassia entered into mutual recognition and diplomatic relations on 19 April 2017 with the signing of a treaty promising friendly relations. The treaty also allowed for dual nationality - Lord Peter Palaiologos, Count of Mentavlos being both an Austenasian and an Imvrassian citizen - and, while recognising both states as in political succession from the Roman Empire, clarified that the Austenasian Monarch's title "Emperor of the Romans" gave no right to interfere domestically within Imvrassia.

Juclandia

Austenasia formally recognised the Kingdom of Juclandia on 31 December 2011, and a treaty of mutual recognition between the two nations was signed two days later. On 17 November 2012, the joint Austenasian-Juclandian cultural project of Crepundia was unveiled in Wrythe, strengthening the bonds between the two nations, and Austenasia was declared a "sister nation" of Juclandia by a decree made by the King of Juclandia on 30 March 2013. The treaty of mutual recognition defining the friendship between Juclandia and the Empire was updated on 16 June 2013, and national leaders Emperor Jonathan I and King Ciprian met at the 2013 Intermicronational Summit. Austenasia and Juclandia currently hold very strong friendly relations.

Emperor Jonathan I of Austenasia (left) with Queen Carolyn I of Ladonia (right) in London in July 2015, holding the impromptu Treaty of Heathrow.
Emperor Jonathan I of Austenasia (left) with Queen Carolyn I of Ladonia (right) in London in July 2015, holding the impromptu Treaty of Heathrow.

Ladonia

Austenasia formally recognised the Royal Republic of Ladonia on 11 February 2013. A treaty of mutual recognition was signed between Emperor Jonathan I of Austenasia and Queen Carolyn I of Ladonia at a meeting between the two in London on 12 July 2015, with a friendship between the two monarchs having been built up over the previous few years primarily via various Skype venues. They had previously met at the 2012 Polination Conference, while Jonathan I was still Crown Prince.

Landashir

Emperor Jonathan I of Austenasia (left) with Premier James von Puchow of Landashir (right), 2013.
Emperor Jonathan I of Austenasia (left) with Premier James von Puchow of Landashir (right), 2013.

Austenasia and Landashir formally entered into diplomatic recognition on 13 August 2012, although amicable interactions and an informal friendship had existed between the two states since early 2010 - James von Puchow, the founder and leader of Landashir, was given Austenasian knighthoods in September 2010 and June 2011 and the title Vizier of Rushymia in October 2010. Jonathan I (while still Crown Prince) met with von Puchow at the 2011 Intermicronational Summit and at the 2012 Polination Conference, and von Puchow visited the Austenasian capital of Wrythe along with diplomats from Francisville and Sandus the day after the 2012 Conference. A month later, on 14 August, the Crown Prince visited Landashir in the first Austenasian state visit to another nation since February 2011. Von Puchow also visted Wrythe for the Coronation of Emperor Jonathan I in February 2013, and on 21 June 2014 became an Austenasian national, currently holding the office of Governor for both Glencrannog and Glencoe. On 10 February 2017, Landashir denounced its territorial claims, becoming a sovereign nation only rather than a sovereign nation-state. This was recognised retrospectively by the Empire in August later that year.

Mercia

Austenasia officially granted diplomatic recognition to Mercia - which had already recognised the Empire for some time previously - on 4 June 2016 as a sovereign nation. Informal friendly diplomatic interactions, such as the heads of state of the two nations meeting at international summits and exchanging Christmas cards, had already prior to this taken place since 2012.

Ongal

Austenasia and the Principality of Ongal entered into mutual recognition and diplomatic relations on 1 July 2016 following three weeks of online negotiations with the signing of a treaty promising friendly relations and mutual assistance. Emperor Jonathan I of Austenasia and Prince Milomir I of Ongal are both Orthodox Christians, with the two monarchs having bonded over their shared faith.

Orly

Austenasia and Orly are geographically very close, with less than half a mile between their borders at their closest point. The Caesarship of Orly, the original incarnation of Orly, never entered into diplomatic relations with Austenasia even though the Caesar of Orly had been appointed by and recognised the suzerainty of the Emperor of Austenasia, who had given him his title. On 19 July 2010, the Caesarship split into the Kingdom of Copan and the Kingdom of the Grove, two nations both of which entered into formal diplomatic relations with Austenasia on 7 August 2010 and also recognised the suzerainty of Austenasia. The two kingdoms were united into the Tsardom of Orly in early December 2010 by Declan I, and despite a short war breaking out between Austenasia and Orly over the opposition of Emperor Esmond III to a reunited Orly, the "Tsardom of Orly" held strong friendly diplomatic relations with the Empire under Declan I (see Wilcsland, below) for the rest of its existence.

Orly was declared to be in political union with Wilcsland as the United Kingdom of New Wessex on 14 January 2012, but was liberated from foreign rule on 24 June 2013. Orly returned to the somewhat unique situation of being one nation comprised of two sovereign states, Copan and the Grove, recognising Austenaian suzerainty. After its monarchs asked for protection against any future threats to their independence, Orly was made a protected state of the Empire that same day, with Austenasia pledging to defend both the Grove and Copan against any outside attacks should it be requested to.

Reylan Imperial Triumvirate

Emperors Jonathan I of Austenasia (left) with Taeglan I Nihilus of Reyla (right), 2013.
Emperors Jonathan I of Austenasia (left) with Taeglan I Nihilus of Reyla (right), 2013.

Austenasia and the Reylan Imperial Triumvirate entered into mutual recognition on 14 January 2012, and signed a treaty of mutual recognition and non-aggression the following day. National leaders Jonathan I (while still Crown Prince) and Taeglan I Nihilus (of Austenasia and Reyla, respectively) had met five months previously at the 2011 Intermicronational Summit, and met again at the 2012 Polination Conference.

Jonathan I and Taeglan I met again at the Coronation of Emperor Jonathan I on 23 February 2013. The two monarchs there signed the Treaty of Wrythe, formally giving recognition of each other’s full imperial rank and reaffirming the treaty signed between Austenasia and Reyla the previous year. A further meeting between the two Emperors took place on 14 October 2014 at Putney in celebration of the 20th birthday of Jonathan I.

Rudno

The Empire of Austenasia recognised the Commonwealth of Rudno as a sovereign state - and as a successor state to the now-defunct Francisville - on 12 June 2015. A treaty of mutual recognition was signed in London between Emperor Jonathan I of Austenasia and Ambict Sebastian Linden of Rudno on 18 July the following month.

Volfa

Austenasia and Volfa entered into mutual recognition on 27 January 2014 after several months of close informal friendly relations. Due to Volfa being a national community not tied to any land claims, it was recognised as a sovereign nation rather than a sovereign state, but by early 2015 only one member of Volfa - its leader, Volfym - remained in its community. On 12 June 2015, Austenasia therefore changed its recognition of Volfa to that of a sovereign entity under international law (cf. the international status of the SMOM) rather than a sovereign nation.

Wilcsland

Austenasia held very close diplomatic relations with the Kingdom of Wilcsland and its predecessor state Moylurg from June 2010 until June 2013, but after a breakdown in relations between the two states and a gradual cutting of ties over July and August 2013, diplomatic relations ceased until the accession of Ptolemy II to the Wilcslandian throne on 31 December 2014.

Mutual diplomatic recognition officially commenced on 7 June 2010 when Wilcsland was still known as the Kingdom of Moylurg, and two months later Austenasia and Moylurg signed the Treaty of Wilton on 7 August, establishing a military alliance between the two nations. Crown Prince Jonathan embarked on a state visit to Moylurg in August 2010 to sign said treaty, and met again with the King of Moylurg the following month in the United Kingdom.

Relations between Wilcsland and Austenasia were further strengthened in December 2010, when Declan I became Emperor of Austenasia as a result of the War of the Orlian Reunification, entering the two nations into personal union. For most of 2011 and 2012, diplomatic relations between Austenasia and Wilcsland (later New Wessex - see below) were so strong that some (notably James von Puchow) even called for a political union between the two states.

On 14 January 2012, New Wessex was founded as Declan I declared Orly (over which he had taken power as Tsar) to be in political union with Wilcsland, the two being constituent countries of the new United Kingdom of New Wessex. Jonathan I (while still Crown Prince) again met with Declan I in March 2012.

Orly became independent from New Wessex on 24 June 2013, returning to its previous state of Austenasian suzerainty. This severely damaged relations between Austenasia and New Wessex, exacerbated by the abdication of Declan I from the Austenasian Throne five months previously for personal reasons. On 12 July 2013, Jonathan I confirmed that there had been "an irreparable breakdown in relations and communication" with Declan I, gave notice of a withdrawal from the military alliance with New Wessex, relinquished the Wessaxon peerage Duke of Atlantos, and relinquished and revoked respectively the Wessaxon citizenship held by himself and the status Declan I held as an Austenasian subject. The military alliance between the two nations ended on 7 August 2013, exactly three years after it was formed.

With New Wessex now a "union" only of Wilcsland, it collapsed over the second half of 2013. In May 2014, Austenasia revoked recognition of the country after Declan abandoned it, but restored recognition of it when he was overthrown by his brother Ptolemy II on 31 December 2014, who dissolved New Wessex and restored government to Wilcsland. That same day, Ptolemy II arranged for Wilcsland to become a protected state of the Empire, and on 30 March 2015 proclaimed Austenasian Prime Minister Lord Admiral Joseph Kennedy honorary co-King as John II.

Wildflower Meadows

Austenasia and the Principality of Wildflower Meadows currently enjoy very close diplomatic relations, the incumbent heads of state of the two nations being in a romantic relationship with each other and engaged to be married. The Principality was claimed by Emperor Jonathan I on 12 May 2016 for his unmarried partner Princess Consort Hannah, whom he then crowned Princess of Wildflower Meadows. The two signed a treaty of national friendship and co-operation on 31 May later that month, which also made Wildflower Meadows a protected state of the Empire, a status which had been promised to the Principality by the Emperor since its foundation.

Wyvern

Austenasia and the Kingdom of Wyvern entered into mutual recognition on 27 January 2014, having previously had a somewhat tense informal relationship via mediums such as the Grand Unified Micronational primarily due to a long-standing enmity between Wyvern and Sandus. However, Austenasia has also co-operated with Wyvern in the past, such as during the Yablokogate crisis and the 24 Hour Quorum. A treaty to further cement the new-found friendship between the two nations was signed on 21 September 2016, which included Austenasian recognition of the Holy Roman Empire. Both Wyvern and Austenasia are current members of the GUM and the UAMW.

North America

N.B. - Transcontinental nations are listed under the continent in which their capital is located.

Ashukovo

Austenasia and the Ashukov Federation formally recognised each other on 27 January 2014, although the two states had engaged in informal friendly contact for several months prior to that date - for example, Jonathan I was present at the online inauguration of Sebastian Schriber as President of the Ashukov Federation two days before the country was officially recognised. Lord Admiral Joseph Kennedy, incumbent Prime Minister of Austenasia, was the first Ashukov president.

By early 2015, Ashukovo had effectively dissolved, with its government having become entirely titular. Austenasia recognised the dissolution of Ashukovo on 12 June 2015. During this time, some of the land formerly belonging to the Federation became part of the Empire's town of New Richmond. On 29 January 2017, former Ashukov President Edward Jacobs announced the rebirth of Ashukovo statehood and proclaimed himself head of state. The reborn Ashukov Federation signed a treaty of mutual recognition with Austenasia on 4 May 2017, with the Empire re-recognising Ashukov sovereignty.

Calsahara

Austenasia and the Imperial Kingdom of Calsahara entered into mutual diplomatic relations on 10 September 2010, and signed a treaty of mutual friendship and co-operation eleven days later, on 21 September.

Florenia

Austenasia and the Kingdom of Florenia entered into mutual recognition on 31 December 2011 after diplomatic relations were requested by Florenia some days previously.

Molossia

Jonathan I as Crown Prince (right) with President Kevin Baugh (left), 2012.
Jonathan I as Crown Prince (right) with President Kevin Baugh (left), 2012.

Austenasia and the Republic of Molossia entered into mutual recognition and informal friendly relations on 27 December 2008. Since then, the two nations have maintained a close friendship, and together organised the Intermicronational Environmental Year in May 2009. Jonathan I (while still Crown Prince) met with President Kevin Baugh and First Lady Adrianne of Molossia at the 2012 Polination Conference, and President Baugh has been an Honorary Subject of Austenasia since May 2015.

Delvera

Austenasia entered into mutual recognition with NottaLotta Acres, the predecessor nation of Delvera, on 29 September 2010. Before this, between 13 March and 2 April 2010, the two nations had been at war as NottaLotta Acres was part of the Allied Carolinian Coalition. After the Austenasian Civil War ended, some hostility remained between the two as NottaLotta Acres did not officially renounce their support of Carolinianism. They did this on 13 September 2010 after negotiations between the governments of both nations, and on 8 October 2010 signed a treaty of mutual friendship and co-operation.

NottaLotta Acres collapsed and was absorbed into the Grand Republic of Delvera in August 2016, upon which the Empire signed a treaty of mutual recognition with the Grand Republic of Delvera on 21 September 2016. The Austenasian government announced a cutting of diplomatic relations with Delvera on 4 September 2017 in response to an attempt by a member of the Delveran government to incite a coup within the Empire; this followed a month of increasing diplomatic tensions as a result of the Delveran government's response to Emperor Jonathan I withdrawing from an online discussion.

Sandus

Austenasia and the State of Sandus entered into formal mutual recognition on 21 September 2011, after having been in informal friendly relations since July 2009. Jonathan I (while still Crown Prince) met with Will Sörgel of Sandus at the 14 July 2012 Polination Conference, and Sörgel visited the Austenasian capital of Wrythe the following day along with diplomats from Landashir and Francisville. Both nations held a very close diplomatic partnership despite having no bilateral treaty between them until July 2016, when diplomatic relations were suspended by Austenasian Prime Minister Lord Admiral Joseph Kennedy after unfounded accusations were made by Sörgel against Emperor Jonathan I. Diplomatic talks between the Empire and Sandus on 2 October 2016 mediated by Überstadt failed to result in any thaw in tensions or significant agreements.

Überstadt

Austenasia and the Kingdom of Überstadt entered into mutual diplomatic relations on 15 January 2012 and signed a treaty of mutual recognition on 28 May 2012. A new treaty was signed on 20 June 2013, updating Austenasian recognition of Überstadt to that of a sovereign state rather than a sovereign nation after Überstadt gained sovereign territory in February earlier that year. Both are members of the UAMW and SJEP. King Adam I of Überstadt currently serves as Governing Commissioner of the Austenasian Crown Dependency of Oregonia, and a third treaty between the two nations was signed on 11 July 2015 to regulate mutual defence agreements concerning the surrounding area. The two nations currently hold strong friendly relations, and an unmanned Austenasian embassy to Überstadt was established in Rosewood on 10 August 2015.

Vikesland

Austenasia and the Kingdom of Vikesland entered into mutual diplomatic relations on 23 June 2009, and signed a treaty of mutual friendship and co-operation (the first such treaty that Austenasia signed) on 24 October 2009.

Oceania

Arborea

Austenasia and the People's Democratic Autocracy of Arborea entered into informal friendly relations in May 2011, after a request from the Arborean government. Formal diplomatic relations began after official recognition was mutualised by Austenasia on 21 September later that year.

Uskor

Austenasia and the Socialist Commonwealth of Uskor entered into formal diplomacy when the latter was still known as Zealandia by the signing of a treaty on 23/24 March 2014 (23 March in Wrythe, 24 in Zealandia), having held informal friendly relations since the middle of 2012. Queen Astrid of Zealandia governed the Austenasian Crown Dependency of New South Scotland from its cession to the Empire in January 2013 until September 2016.

Relations with Zealandia were soured as a result of the 2014 New South Scotland crisis, when the then Queen Astrid attempted to occupy and claim New South Scotland for Zealandia while initially claiming that she was being forced to do so by rogue elements of the Zealandian military. After massive diplomatic pressure from the international community, Zealandia backed down and accepted a compromise offered by Jonathan I, but tensions remained, and rose again in early March 2015 after a misunderstanding brought about by a change in the terminology used by the Zealandian government. This second low-point in relations was ended by the signing of a treaty on 3 May reaffirming the compromise reached in June 2014, whereby New South Scotland was administered by Zealandia on behalf of Austenasia but remained under the official sovereignty of the latter. Since then, relations have slowly begun to improve, bolstered by the return of New South Scotland to Austenasian administration in September 2016 and a joint rivalry against Sandus.

South America

Sabia and Verona

Austenasia held diplomatic relations with two incarnations of what is now the Kingdom of Sabia and Verona - namely New Balland and Dakrit - between April and June 2012, revoking recognition upon the dissolution of the latter. This same community became an overseas territory of Juclandia on 20 October 2012 - during which the Austenasian Crown Dependency of Esmondia, which borders Sabia and Verona and is governed by its king, was founded - and upon gaining its independence on 28 February 2016 retained recognition of Austenasia. The Empire formally reciprocated this recognition on 4 June 2016.

Tacit recognition

Austenasia claims to have recieved tacit recognition - that is, acts or conduct which, in the absence of any indication to the contrary, can be reasonably interpreted to imply recognition - from several countries which have not explicitly granted the Empire official diplomatic recognition.

  • Italy: On 17 March 2009, an e-mail from the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs addressed the then Crown Prince Jonathan as "Your Imperial Highness" and referred to him as "Primo Ministro" (Prime Minister) in the subject line of the message, implying recognition of Austenasia's monarchy and government.
  • United Kingdom: Declarations of independence sent to the British government on three separate occcasions in late 2008 did not result in any response from the United Kingdom denouncing Austenasia's secession - neither has any opposition to independence been voiced since, even after the Empire has been three times featured in a local newspaper, gained a local following numbering in the hundreds, and had an article about it written on Wikipedia. On 16 March 2010, an e-mail from the administration of Sutton Wide Area Network (an intranet for local council facilities and educational establishments confirmed upon inquiry in July that year to be managed by the London Borough of Sutton and run by Sutton Council employees) addressed the then Crown Prince Jonathan as "The Crown Prince of Austenasia", referred to the website of the Austenasian government as "your state website", and stated that they had "verified" Austenasia's "national status", showing de facto recognition of Austenasia by the local government. Said de facto recognition from the local council was further demonstrated during July 2010, when a large proportion of workers at Sutton Council (including the then Chief Executive) were made aware of Austenasia's existence yet expressed interest and encouragement rather than any opposition to its independence. On 20 May 2011, Crown Prince Jonathan met with Tom Brake (MP for Carshalton and Wallington) to discuss diplomacy with the UK. Mr. Brake contacted the British Foreign Office on the Empire's behalf, and later informed the local newspaper that he "wish[ed the Crown Prince] every luck with his campaign" to have Austenasia recognised.