Principality of Montescano

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Principality of Montescano
Soeverein Vorstendom Montescano

Montescano-Flag.png
Montescano-CoA.png
Flag
Coat of Arms

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Claims in dark green
Countries where territorial claims are located in light green

Motto:
"Nihil sine deo"
Nothing without God

National anthem:
"God save the Prince"[1]

CapitalWaterland

Official languagesDutch
English (legislative)
French (diplomatic)

Official religionChalcedonian Christianity

DemonymMontescanin

GovernmentAbsolute monarchy
 • MonarchHSH Prince Dionisiy I
 • Grand pensionaryLord Krishtof von Drakon, Marquess of Asenovgrad

LegislatureCouncil of State

Established29 May 2019

Population20

CurrencyFlorin

Patron SaintSt. Demetrius of Thessaloniki

Member of the Pavlovian Union

Government website

Montescano, officially the Principality of Montescano (Latin: Principatus Montescano; Dutch: Soeverein Vorstendom Montescano; French: Principauté de Montescano), is a landlocked state which claims to be a sovereign state but is more commonly referred to as a micronation by external observers, with claims within the Netherlands, Slovakia and the United Kingdom. The Principality formally declared independence on 29 May 2019. Montescano is comprised of six counties and three overseas territories. Montescano has a population of 20.

Most of the political culture is based on the Medieval (Northern) Netherlands as such much of its culture and many government positions reveal a Dutch influence on the nation. Unlike the Medieval Netherlands, Montescano upholds "Chalcedonian Christianity" as the official religion, which de facto means that both the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox denominations have an official status.

During the first months of its establishment the former Tsardom of Pavlov was officially disestablished and the Pavlovian Union was founded by the Treaty of Mykolayiv, with HSH Sovereign Prince Dionisiy I being the Union's first President of the Council. In June 2019, the Principality saw a huge expansion of territory with Nedland and numerous strips of land owned by acquaintances of the Monarch being annexed. In November 2019, Spaerenwoude was annexed as the sixth county of the Principality, being the first time in four months a new territory has been annexed to the Principality.

Etymology

Panorama of the Barony of Coedyck-la Ye, location where the marriage of HSH the Sovereign Prince was held

The etymological origin of Montescano comes from Tezdzhan, a part of the surname of the founder of Montescano. It was latinised to Tescano, Mon(t) was later added. The entire name could thus be translated to as "Mountain of the Tezdzhans".

History

Foundation

Montescano was founded in May 2019 by the former Pavlovian Tsar and Austenasian politician Dionisiy Tezdzhan-Smahin as a Sovereign Principality based on a fusion of Mediterranean and Germanic culture. The initial declaration of independence was written on 29 May 2019 and the same day the Statute, the basic law of the Principality was passed by the founders.

During the first months of its establishment the former Tsardom of Pavlov was officially disestablished and the Pavlovian Union was founded by the Treaty of Mykolayiv, with HSH Sovereign Prince Dionisiy I being the Union's first President of the Council.

Gunderson affair

In June 2019, the Principality saw a huge expansion of territory with Nedland and numerous strips of land owned by acquaintances of the Monarch being annexed. Resulting in the Landtag having 6 members. HSH Mirza Biessot du Hommer-Feschotte-Böçkün, Count of Purmerland, the full cousin of the Monarch was also offered the position of Heir presumptive and upon accepting he and his immediate family being granted Subjectship. Less than a month after the annexation of Nedland, a census was planned to establish who was still an active subject and who was not. Due to the great amount of inactive subjects who would otherwise have been removed from the subjectship roster, the Count of Nedland Edward Gunderson applied for independence to the Sovereign Prince. This was granted within numerous hours, resulting in all titles and honours attached to subjects registered in Nedland being declared null and void.

Recent developments

In November 2019, the importance of the Dutch language and culture was officially recognised in the Principality. Dutch becoming the sole official language of Montescano, and the Landtag (a German term) being renamed to the Raad van State (English: Council of State). In the same month, Spaerenwoude was also annexed as the sixth county of the Principality, being the first time in 4 months a new territory has been annexed to the Principality.

Governance and politics

Photograph of the Barony of Vorstampfen

Montescano is an absolute monarchy, under the rule of the Sovereign Prince. The government of Montescano is defined according to the Statute of 2019. The hierarchy of Montescano is divided into the Monarch, the Princely Family, the Grand pensionary, the Council of State and the Montescanesque Nobles.

The Sovereign Prince is the highest authority in the Principality, the Monarch may approve and enact ordinances and acts of the Council of State. On a daily basis the Monarch exercises full power, with the Grand pensionary helping to co-ordinate the activities of the Princely Government. In Montescano, the Monarch rules based on his "divine right to rule" which can be seen from his title "by the Grace of Christ the God". Justification of the position of the Monarch can be drawn from the words of Richard I of England: "I am born in a rank which recognizes no superior but God, to whom alone I am responsible for my actions"[2] during his trial in Speyer. Likewise it also considers it a divine duty of all Christians, as in the New Testament, in which the first pope, St. Peter, commands that all Christians shall honour the Roman Emperor (1 Peter 2:13–20) St. Paul agreed with St. Peter that subjects should be obedient to the powers that be because they are appointed by God, as he wrote in his Epistle to the Romans 13:1–7. Likewise, Jesus Christ proclaims in the Gospel of Matthew that one should "Render unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's"; that is at first, literally, the payment of taxes as binding those who use the imperial currency (Matthew 22:15–22). Jesus also told Pontius Pilate that his authority as Roman governor of Judaea came from heaven according to John 19:10–11.

The Council of State is a legislative body that serves as the advisory body to the Monarch. It consists of the Counts of the Principality and all appointed Secretaries. While officially an absolute monarch, the Monarch has till date never not granted Princely assent to an Act of the Council of State. The Judiciary is under the control of the Monarch, with him having the sole authority to appoint and dismiss Judges. All sentences are carried out in name of the Monarch.

Members of the Council of State

Administrative divisions

Photograph of the Barony of Wachausee

The main form of first-level administrative subdivision in Montescano is the county. Counties are intended to encompass any Montescanesque territories, whether contiguous or not, resting within the same square mile of land and water. In counties where not all territory is contiguous, each portion of land is a barony, with smaller territories being grouped together to form baronies. Every permanently populated barony is considered a municipality, and may enact its own local laws through a direct vote of its residents or the Baron.

The Barony of Waterland, part of the County of Nieuwendam is the capital city in the Principality. Most of the Barony's area is occupied by the Princely Palace where the Princely family resides and work as the government body. The County of Hinterbergen consists of a large lake and a farm field. The County of Nordhorn consist of a small islet in the middle of a river. The County of Chypre is consists of numerous buildings and a road in the Northern part of Cyprus. The County of Purmerland consists of the Château in which the heir presumptive lives.

Montescano also has Overseas territories. Montescanesque Overseas Territories are territorial possessions of the Principality of Montescano which are not fully incorporated into Montescano, and, while under Montescanesque sovereignty and an integral part of the Principality, are administered directly by the Monarch or his representative, separately from the Council of State. Montescano Princely ordinances have legal validity in the Overseas territories and may overrule local laws.

Flag Coat of Arms County Code Annexed Pop. Official
Counties
Flag-nieuwendam.png Emblem-Nieuwendam.png Nieuwendam NID 29 May 2019 2 Count
HSH Sovereign Prince Dionisiy I
Flag-hinterbergen.png Emblem-hinterbergen.png Hinterbergen HIN 29 May 2019 1 Count
Lord Krishtof von Drakon, Marquess of Asenovgrad
Flag-nordhorn.png Emblem-nordhorn.png Nordhorn NOH 29 May 2019 1 Count
Lord Hasan Çakar, Count of Nordhorn
Flag-Chypre.png Emblem-Chypre.png Chypre CHY 1 July 2019 1 Count
Lord İsmetcan Saraç, Count of Chypre
Flag-Purmerland.png Emblem-Purmerland.png Purmerland PUR 18 July 2019 3 Count
HSH Mirza Biessot du Hommer-Feschotte-Böçkün, Count of Purmerland
Flag-spaerenwoude.png Emblem-spaerenwoude.png Spaerenwoude SPA 26 November 2019 2 Countess
HSH Princess Consort Marija
Flag-Velsen.png Emblem-Velsen.png Velsen VEL 8 January 2020 4 Count
Lord Tim van Norde, Count of Velsen
Overseas Territories
Aleksandropil-flag-Pavlov.png Aleksandropil-Pavlov.png Psathouras PSA 23 July 2019 1 Governor-General
Lord Christian Newton, Viscount of Cape Hatteras
Flag of Montrouge.svg Royal-coa-montrouge.png Montrouge MRO 23 July 2019 1 Governor-General
Lord Emiel Hardy, Baron of Ninopol
Flag of Qërimoğulları-.jpeg Royal-coat-of-arms-qerimogullari.png Küne KÜN 23 July 2019 1 Governor-General
Lord Shady Morsi, Baron of the Qërimoğulları

Law and Order

The Princely Guard is responsible for both military tasks and law enforcement. Jurisprudence operates on a civil law legal system, crimes being tried before a County Court or the Princely Court, depending on the severity of the offence and if it is restricted to a certain County. Due to extreme low number of crimes committed, there are no permanent courts, instead being summoned upon a person being charged with a crime. Civil disputes are resolved in a County Court, with the possibility of an appeal before the Princely Court being there.

The Princely Guard consists of two regiments, I Regiment Prince’s Company of Riflemen Guards, acting as standing military of the Principality, and the II Regiment Princely Maréchaussée, acting as gendarmerie and handling all police duties. There are currently 5 members of the Princely Guard.

Foreign Relations

The foreign relations of the Montescano are implemented by the Secretary of Foreign Affairs. The power to grant official diplomatic recognition of sovereignty lies primarily with the Monarch, but is made on the advise of the Council of State. Although Montescano is not internationally recognized by any member of the United Nations, it does hold (in)formal diplomatic relations with various micronational entities. Montescano's foreign relations are influenced by the official foreign policies of Montescano. Montescano is also a member of the Pavlovian Union and the Grand Unified Micronational.

Full diplomatic relations

Economy

The Principality has a tiny market economy, regulated by the Chamber of Commerce itself a part of the chancellery. Currently the only company operating in Montescano is the Vorstelijke Mar D'Israeli van Royan Bank (for 66% owned by the Montescanesque monarchy). The currency of Montescano is the Florin, which is also used by other states of the Pavlovian Union. Montescano is completely reliant on imported goods and services provided by the Netherlands, Slovakia and the UK.

The only active sector in Montescano is the IT sector and since recently a e-banking solution for the Montescanesque Florin.

Culture

Rakı Sofrası, a traditional spring and summer feast

The Montescanesque culture is largely influenced by the Italian, French, Dutch and Western-Turkish Culture. These great european influences made the Montescanesque culture a romantic and flattering influence in the micronational world. Montescanesque people, practice a serious form of Chalcedonian Christianity in various denominations. There is also a Sunni Muslim minority in Montescano.

Cuisine

The national food of Montescano is the Mushroom Lasagne, it is often the mais course in celebratory days, such as Christmas and court dinners. Other traditional dishes are Cannelloni and all types of pasta and sauces. In the Spring and Summer, many Montescanesque people enjoy a Rakı Sofrası which is a traditional Western Turkish feast consisting of a lot of Meze and Rakı a sweetened, anise-flavoured, alcoholic drink.

Religion

While the Statute officially does not stipulate an official religion, due to the restriction on the Monarch being a Christian baptised in the holy trinity and all holidays of the One, Holy, Apostolic and Catholic Church being recognised, it is widely accepted that Chalcedonian Christianity is the state religion.

Public holidays

The Principality celebrates fourteen public holidays each year, many of which are Christian feast days. Public holidays were officially defined in 1 Dion. al. 11 (State Holidays act).

In regards to the several holidays which are dated in relation to religious holidays, local authorities decide whether to observe the holiday in relation to Western (Catholic), Eastern (Orthodox), or both. The religious holidays mentioned here are in the Gregorian equivalents of the Julian dates.

Date Name Type Notes
1 January New Year's Day Secular Celebrated as start of the new year, usually the Princely family takes a trip abroad.
5 January Christmas Eve Religious Celebrates the traditional birthday of Jesus.
19 January Theophany Religious Traditional commemoration of the baptism of Jesus.
25 March Feast of the Annunciation Religious Commemoration of the visit of the archangel Gabriel to the Theotokos, during which he informed her that she would be the mother of Jesus.
19 April (2020 date) Easter Religious Celebrated the resurrection of Jesus.
28 May (2020 date) Feast of the Ascension Religious Commemoration of the Ascension of Jesus into heaven.
29 May Day of Montescano Secular Celebrating the birthday of the Principality
7 June (2020 date) Pentecost Religious Celebrates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles and other followers of Jesus.
14 June (2020 date) Feast of All Saints Religious Commemoration all saints collectively.
12 July Feast of Saints Peter and Paul Religious Commemoration of the anniversary of their death.
28 August Feast of the Assumption Religious Commemoration of the bodily taking up of the Theotokos.
17 October Prince' Day Secular Birthday of the Sovereign Prince
26 October Feast of Demetrius of Thessaloniki Religious Feast of Demetrius of Thessaloniki, the Patron saint of Montescano
9 December Feast of the Immaculate Conception Religious Celebrates the immaculate conception of the Theotokos.

References