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Commonwealth of New Virginia
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| Commonwealth of New Virginia |
|North America and Europe |
|Capital city||New Richmond (de facto)|
|Largest city||New Richmond|
|Official language(s)||English (de facto, unofficial)|
|Government||Republic under a provisional government|
|- Chairman of the Provisional Council||Sir Joseph Kennedy KNVI|
|Established||7 September 2014 (as a duchy of Austenasia)|
11 February 2020 (as an independent state)
US Dollar ($) and Euro (€) (de facto)
New Virginia, officially the Commonwealth of New Virginia, is an autonomous territorial entity which claims to be a sovereign state but is more commonly referred to as a micronation by external sources. Based in North America, New Virginia became independent from the Empire of Austenasia on 11 February 2020 through the New Virginia Act 2020 of the Austenasian Parliament. Most land in New Virginia is enclaved by the United States excluding the Town of Augusta (which borders the Austenasian Territory of Fraternitas to the west) and the Town of San Scoglio (which is on the French Riviera).
The Commonwealth is currently governed as a provisional representative republic, with the Provisional Council exercising the legislative and judicial functions of the state and the Chairman of the Provisional Council exercising the functions of head of state and head of the Cabinet, the executive authority of the Commonwealth. The first and incumbent Chairman of the Provisional Council is Sir Joseph Kennedy KNVI.
New Virginia was officially established as an Austenasian Duchy with the elevation of the then Dominion of New Richmond to the status of Town. The cultural life of New Virginia is primarily influenced by the American South, New England, Austenasia and Havnesgade-Amager. The Commonwealth is the first sovereign nation in history to have seceded from the Empire of Austenasia, however on amicable terms as the Empire and Commonwealth maintain a close and active alliance.
- 1 History
- 2 Foreign relations
- 3 Administrative divisions
- 4 Government
- 5 Law and Order
- 6 Military
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Culture
- 9 References
- 10 External Links
Dominion of New Richmond
New Virginian history begins with the cession of land from the Ashukov Federation to the Empire of Austenasia in the form of the Dominion of New Richmond on 16 August 2013. New Richmond was an Austenasian Crown Dependency administered autonomously by a Governing Commissioner in the name of the Austenasian Monarch. New Richmond was the first Crown Dependency in Austenasian history to enact a local constitution with a democratic structure, and for a time had an active local political life. The Dominion was led by Governing Commissioner Joseph Kennedy from the time of its creation until its transition into a Town.
On 7 September 2014, the Austenasian Parliament enacted legislation which elevated New Richmond and Shineshore, a Crown Dependency based in Canada, to the status of Town, granting them representation in the House of Representatives.
Duchy of New Virginia
With the enactment of the New Richmond and Shineshore Act 2014, the Duchy of New Virginia was established. Austenasian Duchies do not have any organs of self governance as Austenasia is a unitary state, however the Towns within New Virginia developed their own unique local identities, some closely related to others. Over time, New Virginia grew to become the largest duchy within the Empire in terms of number of subdivisions and population.
New Richmond continued to gain new lands and residents, eventually becoming the most populated Austenasian subpolity and one of the first Austenasian Cities. On 4 March 2015, Lord Dux Joseph Kennedy - then the Representative of New Richmond and Chancellor - was elected Prime Minister, becoming the first New Virginian (and by extension, non-British) chief executive in the Empire. The following year, he appointed Lady Vice Admiral Eryn Lewis, Representative of the New Virginian Town of Terentia, as his Deputy Prime Minister.
Following Kennedy's election and Lewis's appointment, New Richmond and Terentia became leading administrative centers within the Empire, serving as the headquarters for the Prime Minister's Office and various ministries. New Virginia was also home to the Imperial Navy, which was at its peak the largest and most well armed branch of the Austenasian Armed Forces. In 2019, a borough of New Richmond was declared by Parliament to be a separate town, Augusta, with its own representative. Lord Master Chief Riley Kennedy, the younger brother of Lord Admiral Joseph, was appointed as Acting Representative of Augusta.
As New Virginia developed into a leading political and martial power within the Empire, the local cultural identities of Augusta, New Richmond and Terentia continued to evolve to the point that they were significantly closer and were increasingly incompatible with the dominant culture of the Empire. Divisions began to form over issues such as Emperor Jonathan I's refusal to grant Imperial Consent to a bill which would have allowed same-sex couples to enter into civil unions, a bill which was unanimously supported by the three towns.
Foundations of independence
Discussions regarding the potential independence of Augusta, New Richmond and Terentia began in mid-2019 between Joseph Kennedy, Eryn Lewis and Riley Kennedy. It was decided by the three that if secession were to occur, it would need to happen in early 2020 and that independent New Virginia would be a republic. Following discussions between the three and their respective constituents, Joseph Kennedy addressed the Emperor on the desire of the three towns to secede and form an independent nation on 27 September 2019. On Christmas Day later that year, the Emperor publicly announced the upcoming secession of New Virginia through his annual Christmas Broadcast, and declared that a general election would be held on 12 February 2020 to determine Kennedy's successor as Prime Minister.
Joseph Kennedy proposed the New Virginia Act 2020, which set the date and processes for New Virginian secession, to the House of Representatives on 8 January. Following a brief period of debate and review, the bill was passed by a unanimous vote of the House and was granted Imperial Consent on 10 January. Following the enactment of the legislation, Joseph Kennedy was appointed to the new temporary post of Minister for New Virginian Affairs and was tasked with coordinating the secession of the Commonwealth.
On 13 January, Minister Kennedy published an executive order constituting the Provisional Council as the provisional governing body of New Virginia following secession, and called for an election for Provisional Councillors to be held on 20 January. The Kennedy brothers and Lewis were confirmed as Provisional Councillors-elect, and Joseph was confirmed as Chairman-elect of the Provisional Council.
Secession and independence
At 00:00 EST on 11 February, the Commonwealth of New Virginia officially seceded from the Empire of Austenasia and the Provisional Council took office.
The Commonwealth of New Virginia, as a relatively newer state, is currently in the process of establishing active relationships with contemporary MicroWiki Community nations. Under the current provisional government, foreign affairs are the responsibility of the Chairman of the Provisional Council, currently Sir Joseph Kennedy KNVI; and the First Ambassador, currently Sir Edward Jacobs KNVI.
The New Virginia Act 2020 of the Austenasian Parliament, which set the foundation for New Virginian independence, provides that a close friendship and alliance with the Commonwealth is a top priority of the Austenasian government, and the New Virginian government has stated their commitment to the same. As such, a Treaty of Alliance between the Empire of Austenasia and New Virginia was ratified by both states on 6 May 2020. The treaty was described by HIM Emperor Jonathan I of Austenasia as "the first formal alliance [the Empire has] entered into in almost ten years."
New Virginia's other formal ally is the Republic of Ashukovo, a nation where New Virginian founder Sir Joseph Kennedy KNVI is honoured as a Founding Father. The Commonwealth and the Republic are the sole member-states of the Amatine League, a treaty organisation founded for nations that are descended from the legacy of the old Confederation of Saint Luke and Amager.
New Virginia is comprised of twelve separate pieces of land, all but one of which are in North America. New Richmond, the largest and de facto capital city, is comprised of four non-contiguous pieces of land and has a population of fourteen. Terentia consists of two non-contiguous pieces of land and has a population of twelve. Augusta, considered to be New Richmond's proverbial "little sister", consists of one piece of land and has a population of three. Carolinia, the first town to have not been part of the Empire of Austenaisa, consists of one piece of land and has a population of three. San Scoglio, the first and only European town, has a population of four.
New Richmond and Terentia are cities, administered by a Mayor and City Council. Augusta, Carolinia and San Scoglio are towns, administered by a Town Council. The cities and towns are collectively known as municipalities, and are represented in the Provisional Council by elected Provisional Councillors.
In addition to the municipalities, the Commonwealth claims three uninhabited pieces of land known as territories. Kush Village was previously a borough of Terentia, and is located near it. Sandra's Isle was previously administered as part of the former Ashukov state of Montania, and is located near New Richmond and Augusta. Nubes Peaks is primarily used as a training ground for the New Virginian Defence Force and New Virginian Police, and is located near New Richmond and Augusta.
The territories are administered by governors appointed directly by the Chairman of the Provisional Council (with the exception of Nubes Peaks, where the Commandant of the Defence Force serves ex officio as governor).
|New Richmond||18 August 2013 (as Austenasian Crown Dependency)
7 September 2014 (as Austenasian Town)
9 January 2017 (as Austenasian City)
11 February 2020 (as New Virginian City)
Sir Joseph Kennedy KNVI
Major General Alex Francis MAO
|Terentia||16 November 2013 (as Austenasian Crown Dependency)
3 December 2014 (as Austenasian Town)
11 February 2020 (as New Virginian Town)
26 February 2020 (as New Virginian City)
Dame Eryn Lewis DNVI
|Augusta||6 September 2018 (as New Richmond borough)
12 June 2019 (as Austenasian Town)
11 February 2020 (as New Virginian Town)
Sir Riley Kennedy KNVI
|N/A||Carolinia||31 March 2020||3||Provisional Councillor|
Sir William Wilson KNVI
|San Scoglio e il Porto d'Ercole||25 April 2020||4||Provisional Councillor|
Sir Edward Jacobs KNVI
|N/A||N/A||Kush Village||17 October 2018 (as Terentian village)
26 February 2020 (as New Virginian Territory)
|N/A||N/A||Sandra's Isle||26 February 2020||0||Governor|
William Kennedy MAO
|N/A||N/A||Nubes Peaks||13 March 2020||0||Governor|
Major General Alex Francis MAO
New Virginia is provisionally governed by the Provisional Council under the terms of an executive order enacted by the former Austenasian Minister for New Virginian Affairs with the consent of the representatives and mayors of the founding New Virginian municipalities. The Provisional Council is vested with the supreme legislative and judicial authority of the Commonwealth until a Constitution may be enacted. The Provisional Council is presided over by a Chairman, who is elected by the Council and fulfills the roles of Head of State and Head of Government. The first and incumbent Chairman of the Provisional Council is Sir Joseph Kennedy KNVI.
The supreme executive authority of the Commonwealth is vested in the Cabinet, which is comprised of government ministries vested with executive authority over certain state functions. The Chairman of the Provisional Council presides over the Cabinet and directs its activities. The National Security Council is an independent government organ responsible for coordinating national security and defence policy in conjunction with the Foreign Office and Ministry of Defence.
The following government ministries are headed by ministers who comprise the Cabinet:
- Home Office - led by the Home Secretary, responsible for law and border enforcement through the New Virginian Police, the maintenance of the census through the Department for the Census, protecting the environment and regulating agriculture through the Department for the Environment, and the naturalisation of new citizens.
- Foreign Office - led by the First Ambassador, responsible for maintaining diplomatic relations with other nations and for overseeing the New Virginian delegations to the Grand Unified Micronational and the Amatine League.
- Ministry of Defence - led by the Minister of Defence, responsible for the implementation of national defence policy and for the administration and funding (in conjunction with the Treasury) of the New Virginian Defence Force.
- Treasury - led by the Chancellor of the Treasury, responsible for managing the income of the Commonwealth through taxes, donations and fines; and for coordinating the fiscal policy of the Commonwealth.
Members of the Government
Law and Order
Law enforcement in New Virginia is the responsibility of the New Virginian Police. The NVP is led by a commissioner, currently Charles Kitchen, and has local police forces in every municipality, each led by an inspector. Under the provisional government, jurisprudence operates on the civil law of the Empire of Austenasia, with all crimes being tried by the Provisional Council.
The New Virginian Defence Force is the sole standing military force in the Commonwealth of New Virginia. The Defence Force is administrated and funded by the Ministry of Defence, which is responsible to the Provisional Council and is led by the Minister of Defence, currently Sir Riley Kennedy KNVI.
The Defence Force was established on 23 March 2020 from the remnants of the Austenasian Imperial Navy, which had defended the three founding New Virginian municipalities when they were under Imperial rule. Alex Francis, a New Richmonder local politician, was appointed the first Commandant of the Defence Force, and was commissioned as a major general.
The Defence Force is trained to defend New Virginian territory and citizens from foreign and domestic threats, to provide relief and support during various disasters, and to fulfill various ceremonial obligations.
New Virginia has a total population of 34 people. Of those, 30 are citizens who actually reside in New Virginian territory, and four are non-residential citizens. New Virginian citizens aged thirteen and older are entitled to vote in elections and run for office. New Virginian citizenship is restricted to those born to New Virginian parents or to those granted citizenship by law, typically by a resolution of the Provisional Council.
English is the the predominantly spoken and de facto official language of the Commonwealth. English is the only language used for government business, and is known and used daily by the majority of the population. Other languages spoken by New Virginians include French and Russian, mostly within San Scoglio.
While cultural life varies greatly between the Commonwealth's regions, New Virginian culture as a whole is characterised by Austenasian and Amatine elements.