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President of the Ashukov Federation
of the Ashukov Federation
|Residence||No official residence|
|Appointer||Direct popular vote|
|Term length||6 Months|
|Inaugural holder||Joseph Kennedy|
|Formation||25 May 2013|
The President of the Ashukov Federation, officially known as the President of the Federation and colloquially known as the President of Ashukovo, is the head of state and head of government of Ashukovo, guarantor of the Constitution, and commander-in-chief of the Ashukov Federal Armed Forces.
The President is elected by the people to a term of six months, and there is no limit on the amount of terms one can serve. The President does not have an official residence, and may reside wherever he choses.
The office of President was established officially on 25 May 2013, although the first presidential elections were held the day prior immediately after the ratification of the Constitution. The election of the first President, Joseph Kennedy, was unique in that it was not carried out by the House of Territories, as it did not yet exist, but by an assembly of the leaders of the sovereign states which would join to establish Ashukovo. Jacob Huff was the first President to be elected directly by the people.
The current President is Edward Jacobs, self appointed after a long period of inactivity within the nation.
Origin and history
The office of President is considered a successor of the President of the Confederation of Amager, the final holder of which was Leon Simpson, and the heads of state of the founding states (Akharnes, Dorien, Dradelia and Montania).
The first major reforms to the office of President came with the Presidential Act 2014, which established the Council of State, which advises and assists the President.
In early 2017, after Edward Jacobs took office, the office was heavily reformed by the Federal Assembly, giving the President more executive power.
Powers and duties
The President's legislative functions are described in the Constitution in Chapter IV: Legislation, specifically Articles 61 and 62. Upon receiving a bill, the President has two options:
- 1. Sign and promulgate the bill, making it an act upon the President's declaration of "The Federal Assembly (that is, the people) has adopted the following:"
- 2. Decline to sign the bill; after a passed bill has went seven days without the President's signature, it will be regarded as failed.
This system gives the president a veto power, whereby he can go seven days without signing a bill and it would thus fail.
The President holds a high role in executive governance. He appoints his cabinet to the Council of Ministers and directly oversees their executive activities.
The role of the President in the judiciary is small. The Constitution, in Chapter VIII: Supreme Court, Articles 94 and 95, give the President the following judicial powers:
- 1. At his own discretion, appoint the Supreme Judge and two federal judges for a life tenure.
- 2. Request the Supreme Judge or a federal judge to resign.
- If the member fails to comply, the President may forcefully terminate their appointment.
To be eligible for the office of president, a candidate must meet various criteria, and must not be placed under incapacity by the constitution from holding the office of president. A president must:
- be at least eighteen years of age;
- be a citizen of Ashukovo for over a year;
- have a high profile within the Federation.
Any Ashukov citizen, regardless of the office they may or may not hold, can nominate themselves, however candidates are usually nominated by political parties or coalitions thereof.
Election and oath
Elections for the President are held in the Federal Assembly at a date determined by the Federal Assembly, usually ten to fifteen days before the expiration of office of the incumbent. A majority of six-tenths is required to win a Presidential election.
Following the election, the victor shall take the following oath before the Federal Assembly, Supreme Court, and any citizens or foreign officials who wish to be present:
|“||In the presence of the members of the Federal Assembly, the Supreme Court and before the people, I, (name), do solemnly and sincerely promise and declare that I will maintain the Constitution of Ashukovo and uphold its laws, that I will fulfill my duties conscientiously in accordance with the Constitution and the law, and that I will dedicate my abilities to the service and welfare of the people of Ashukovo.
There are four possible circumstances that could cause the presidency to become vacant; death, resignation, permanent incapacity or impeachment. In the event of the vacancy of office, the Supreme Judge of the Federation shall act as acting President until the Federal Assembly can elect a new President.
Timeline of Presidents
|Labour (1) Orthodox (3) Green (1) National (1) National Liberty (2)|
|Presidency||President||Prior office||Party||Term||Prime Minister(s) (2013-2016)|
|1||25 May 2013
24 September 2013
May 25, 2013 – July 1, 2013
July 1, 2013 – 25 September 2013
|2||25 September 2013
25 January 2014
|Prime Minister||Orthodox||1||Joseph Kennedy|
September 25, 2013 – 13 November 2013, 2013
13 November 2013, 2013 – 25 January 2014
|3||25 January 2014
17 May 2014
25 January 2014 – 21 March 2014
21 March 2014 – 17 May 2014
|4||18 May 2014
11 October 2014
|Minister of Defense||National||1||Joseph Kennedy|
Office abolished by Monarchy 11 October 2014 - 29 January 2017
|5||29 January 2017
25 June 2017
|Deputy Prime Minister||Orthodox
29 January 2017 – 3 June 2017
3 June 2017 – 25 June 2017
|6||25 June 2017
|Governor of Saint Constantine||National Liberty||2||Edward Jacobs|