Stadtholder of the Republic of Ashukovo
of the Republic of Ashukovo
|Style||Lord Stadtholder |
The Most Honorable
(In international correspondence)
|Residence||No official residence|
|Appointer||Direct popular vote|
|Term length||Two years|
The Most Honorable Lord Stadholder of the Republic of Ashukovo, and colloquially known as the Stadtholder of Ashukovo, is the head of state and head of government of Ashukovo, the guarantor of the Constitution, and commander-in-chief of the Ashukov Federal Armed Forces.
The Stadtholder is elected by the people for a term of two years, and there is no limit on the number of terms one can serve. The Stadtholder does not have an official residence and may reside wherever he chooses.
The office of Stadtholder is a direct successor to the office of President.
The office of President was established officially on 25 May 2013, although the first presidential elections were held the day prior immediately after the ratification of the Constitution. The election of the first President, Joseph Kennedy, was unique in that it was not carried out by the House of Territories, as it did not yet exist, but by an assembly of the leaders of the sovereign states which would join to establish Ashukovo. Jacob Huff was the first President to be elected directly by the people. Edward Jacobs was the final holder of the office of President.
The current office of Stadtholder was established on May 1, 2020.
The current Stadtholder is Edward I.
Origin and history
The office of President was considered a successor of the President of the Confederation of Amager, the final holder of which was Leon Simpson, and the heads of state of the founding states (Akharnes, Dorien, Dradelia and Montania).
The first major reforms to the office of President came with the Presidential Act 2014, which established the Council of State, which advises and assists the President.
In early 2017, after Edward Jacobs took office, the President's powers were heavily reformed by the Federal Assembly, giving the President more executive authority.
In May 2020, upon the adoption of the new Constitution, the office of President was replaced with that of the Stadtholder.
Powers and duties
The Stadtholder's legislative functions are described in the Constitution in Chapter IV: Legislation, specifically Articles 61 and 62. Upon receiving a bill, the Stadtholder has two options:
- 1. Sign and promulgate the bill, making it an act upon the Stadtholder's signature and the Grand Chancellor's declaration of "The Senate has adopted the following:"
- 2. Decline to sign the bill; after a passed bill has gone seven days without the Stadtholder's signature, it will be regarded as failed.
This system gives the Stadtholder a veto power, whereby he can go seven days without signing a bill and it would thus fail.
The Stadtholder holds a high role in executive governance. He appoints his cabinet to the Council of Ministers and directly oversees their executive activities. He also acts as the nation's top diplomat and may sign international treaties at his discretion.
The role of the Stadtholder in the judiciary is negligible.
To be eligible for the office of president, a candidate must meet various criteria, and must not be placed under incapacity by the constitution from holding the office of president. A Stadtholder must:
- be at least eighteen years of age;
- be a citizen of Ashukovo for over a year;
- have a high profile within the Federation.
Article 23 of the Constitution states the following: "Any Ashukov citizen who is an official member of a registered party may nominate themselves for the office of Stadtholder."
Election and oath
Elections for the Stadtholder are held at a place and time determined by the Government, usually ten to fifteen days before the expiration of office of the incumbent. A majority of six-tenths is required to win a Stadtholder election.
Following the election, the victor shall take the following oath before the Ashukov people or foreign officials who wish to be present:
In the presence of God, the Senate, and before the people, I do solemnly and sincerely promise and declare that I will maintain the Constitution of Ashukovo and uphold its laws, that I will fulfill my duties conscientiously in accordance with the Constitution and the law, and that I will dedicate my abilities to the service and welfare of the people of Ashukovo. So help me God
There are four possible circumstances that could cause the presidency to become vacant; death, resignation, permanent incapacity or impeachment. In the event of the vacancy of office, the Grand Chancellor shall act as acting Head of State until a new Stadtholder can be elected.
Timeline of Heads of State of Ashukovo
|Orthodox (2) Labour (1) Green (1) National (1)|
|Presidency||President||Prior office||Party||Term||Prime Minister(s)||Notes|
|1||25 May 2013
24 September 2013
|N/A||Labour||1st||122 days||Rilgar Ompastre
25 May 2013 – 1 July 2013
|Was elected President after Edward Jacobs withdrew his candidacy.|
1 July 2013 – 25 September 2013
|2||25 September 2013
25 January 2014
|Prime Minister||Orthodox||1st||122 days||Joseph Kennedy
25 September 2013 – 13 November 2013
13 November 2013 – 25 January 2014
|3||25 January 2014
17 May 2014
25 January 2014 – 21 March 2014
|1st||112 days||Nathan Ford||Green Party Merged with the Orthodox party.|
21 March 2014 – 17 May 2014
|4||18 May 2014
11 October 2014
|Minister of Defense||National||1st||146 days||Joseph Kennedy||Represented the United Ashukovo Coalition.|
|Non applicable (1)PPP (0)|
|Rule||Tsar||Prior office||Party||Term||Prime Minister||Notes|
|(-)||11 October 2014
29 January 2017
|Chairman of the Ashukov Central Bank||N/A||1st||2 years, 110 days||Pravoslav Kosnickij||Abdicated.|
|National Liberty (3) Orthodox (1) Conservative (0)|
|5||29 January 2017
25 June 2017
|Deputy Prime Minister||Orthodox
29 January 2017 – 3 June 2017
|2nd||147 days||Manolis Afentoulis||Unelected, but publicly recognized as Head of State.|
3 June 2017 – 25 June 2017
|6||25 June 2017
12 January 2018
|Governor of Saint Constantine||National Liberty||2nd||201 days||Edward Jacobs|
|7||12 January 2018
5 April 2020
|Vice-President||National Liberty||3rd||2 years, 84 days||Vacant||Unelected, but publicly recognized as Head of State.|
|National Liberty (1) Conservative (0)|
|Regency||Stadtholdera||Prior office||Party||Term||Grand Chancellor||Notes|
|(7)||5 April 2020
|President||National Liberty||(3rd)||1 year, 110 days||Noel Sallier
5 April 2020 – 1 May 2020
|Serves as Stadtholder in accordance with Article 23 of the Constitution.|
2 May 2020 – Incumbent
- a officially referred to as President until 1 May 2020.
|Party||# of presidents||# of terms||Name(s)|
|Orthodox/National Liberty||3||5||Edward Jacobs, Sebastian Schriber, Jacob Huff|
|Non applicable||1||1||Emmanuel I|