Federal Republic of Francisville

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Federal Republic of Francisville

2012 — 2014
 


Francisville Flag 2008.pngCoA Francisville.png

Anthem
None official
Francisville wiki map.png
Location of Francisville (dark green)
Capital cityKirkburgh (de facto)
Official language(s)Federal: English

Cultural: Francillian, French

Regional: French, German, Ripuarian, Francillian, Francillish
DemonymFrancillian
GovernmentFederal republic and direct democracy with a directorial executive
- ExecutiveFederal Council
Electing the Federal President
- LegislatureFederal Community
Electing the Federal Chamber
- JudiciaryFederal Supreme Court
Appointing the Chief Justice of Francisville
Established2011
Area claimed0.9 km²
Population14 (at dissolution)
CurrencyFrancillian Franc


Francisville [/ˈfrɑːnsɪs.vɪl/], officially the Federal Republic of Francisville (Francillian: Federalsrepublik Frankestädt /fɹʌnkəʃtæt/; French: République fédérale de Francisville; German: Bundesrepublik Frankestadt; Ripuarian: Bondesrepoblėck Frankestädt; Francillish: Federaale Republik vus Frankestaad), was a landlocked federal republic of four semi-autonomous cantons, bordered by the Landashir, Pristinia, Erephisia, the United Kingdom and the United States. The combined territory of the federation encompassed an area of approximately 0.9 km² with the vast majority of its territory being situated in Western Europe, spanning disparate geographic locations neighbouring Scotland, England and North Rhine-Westphalia, with the exception of the Canton of New Scireland which was enclaved by the U.S. State of Maryland in North America. Francisville was a linguistically diverse country. English was constitutionally established as the federation's national and legal language whilst Francillian, Francillish, French, German, and Ripuarian were officially recognised as the regional and cultural languages of the cantons.

The establishment of Francisville as a micronation dates to the foundation of the Democratic Duchy of Francisville in 2008 by James Stewart. Francisville was originally established as a parliamentary representative democracy in the form of a constitutional monarchy where the Grand Duke served as the head of state. Between 2009 and 2010, the nation was instrumental in the development of the MicroWiki community and a prominent member of the Grand Unified Micronational along with Erusia, Renasia, Petorio, and St.Charlie. Francisville had a history of strong neturality and never became involved in a micronational war. Following a prelonged period of political and diplomatic inactivity, the monarchical constitutional was abolished by a referendum instituted by Grand Duke James I in June 2011. Francisville was thereafter reconstituted as a federal republic through the decisions of directly democratic constitutional convention. Its constitution, adopted by referendum on 21 August 2012 established the directorial Federal Council as the federal government and collective head of state. Legislative power was vested in the directly democratic Federal Community directed by the elected Federal Chamber. The nation suffered from internal inactivity leading to its gradual dissolution in Summer 2014 and the independence of the former cantons of North Llabdey and Rudno.

Francillian national identity was routed in common endeavour, pastoral and agrestic symbolism, and shared values such as direct democracy, neutrality, communitarianism, and consociationalism. Despite its brief period of existence, the federal made significant contributions to the Francillian legacy of international negotiation and cultural development, such as the continued enrichment of the Francillian language. Francisville was represented at PoliNation 2012, the 2013 Intermicronational Summit, and the Midsummer Micronational Meeting 2014. National day continued to be celebrated on November 28; the foundation date of the Duchy. Since its dissolution, the culture and history of the nation has been preserved and promoted through the heritage association Historic Francisville.

History

Originally constituted as a duchy, Francisville existed in the form of a federal republic since a period in 2011 known as the June Convention. The foundation of Francisville is dated back to 28 November 2008 with the establishment of the Democratic Duchy of Francisville. Francisville began to integrate into the MicroWiki community in January 2009.


Pre-Foundation

Democratic Duchy

Francisville was founded on November 28, 2008. Upon its formation, Francisville adopted a provisional constitutional structure in the form of a duchy ruled by a powerful elected monarch, the Archduke.[1] This title was in altered January 2009 to that of Grand Duke due to the adoption of a new constitution transforming the Democratic Duchy into a constitutional monarchy. Despite these reforms, the Grand Duke retained executive authority over the country through an emergency clause in the constitution.

The flag of Francisville until June 2009

On Febuary 8, 2009, Francisville joined the Grand Unified Micronational. Francisville soon established itself as a comparatively neutral nation in the community, often condemning the wars that frequently occurred at the time, such as the Meissner-Antifan War during which Francisville acted as a mediator.

A third constitution was adopted in March 2009[2] which allowed the government to claim physical territory, following which Francisville establish the municipalities of Culloden and Dalcross. Francisville joined the United Micronations in the same month. In April 2009 James Stewart, Grand Duke of Francisville, proposed that a further constitution be adopted by referendum in order to discontinue the monarchy's executive role and establish a functional legislature. The fourth and final constitution of the Democratic Duchy was adopted in May of that year, and the first election of the Chamber of Deputies was completed on June 3, 2009.[3]

On July 13, Grand Duke James I was elected Chair of the Grand Unified Micronational, during which time Francisville's reputation as a neutral power was enhanced by her role as a negotiator in the Rhodesian War. In response to the conflict, James Stewart announced Francisville's withdrawal from the UNMCN on July 30. Later that year, Francisville was a signatory to the GUM's Treaty of Universal Non-Aggression. Francisville celebrated her first founders day on November 28, 2009.

Francisville again acted as a negotiator during disputes between Sandus and New Scireland in January 2010. The country's international involvement in the MicroWiki community declined as the year progressed, mostly as an effort to distance Francisville from the influence of Erusia. The second assembly of the Chamber of Deputies was elected in June 2010. Following the exposure of Robert Lethler and the dissolution of Erusia, Francisville showed an increased media presence due to its connection with historical events. In August 2010, interest in a Francillian language was rekindled. Despite these developments, Francisville increasingly isolated herself from the community and the government had become relatively inactive by November of that year.

June Convention

Federal Republic

After a six month period of inactivity, discussion concerning the nation's future developed within Francisville's political institutions. In June 2010, the Chamber of Deputies endorsed a declaration by the Grand Duke for the revision of the structure of the state. This declaration advocated a consensus based constitutional convention with the aim of establishing a republic with strong elements of direct democracy.[4] After over a year's worth of debate, consultation and referendums, the Constitution was ratified by an absolute majority of voters on August 30, 2012. Following a period of inactivity, the gradual dissolution of the federal state occurred with unilateral declarations of independence by North Llabdey[5] and Rudno.[6] Following a lack of response to these events, the state was considered defunct by the intermicronational community.

Dissolution

Geography

River and countryside in rural Wasserbrueck.

The Federal Republic was situated in North America, and Western and Central Europe, occupying approximately one square kilometre of land. It was bordered by three sovereign states (the United Kingdom, the United States, and Germany) and three micronations (Landashir, Pristinia and Erephisia). The 4 km long border between Wasserbrueck and the United Kingdom was the longest uninterrupted boundary with another state. The federation had no coastline as all four cantons cantons occupied landlocked locations. Wasserbrueck was bordered by a river to the south and two footbridges linked the canton with the Scotland.

Despite the discontinuity of its physical location, Francisville had a broadly consistent geography, consisting mainly of woodland and rural areas. The country was predominately non-urbanised and farmland comprised approximately 60% of the total land area. The most prominent developed areas were in New Scireland and Kiirchbuerg, which was also Francisville's principle industrial region. The greater area of Rudno consisted of a significant expance of park- and woodland, as well as a still freshwater body. The territory of North Llabdey consisted almost entirely of dense woodland which was connected to the border by one road.

Climate

All cantons of Francisville were located within some form of a temperate/mesothermic climatic zone (Group C according to Köppen). However, Wasserbrueck, Rudno and North Llabdey, experienced a maritime temperate climate (Köppen Cfb), while New Scireland experienced a humid subtropical climate (Cfa). Regardless of these similar climates, temperatures throughout the Federal Republic varied greatly, with Rudno experiencing the highest temperatures in general and Wasserbrueck the lowest. Precipitation also varied considerably, with the most precipitation occuring in Wasserbrueck.

Politics

Political system

The Federal Constitution, adopted by referendum on 21 August 2011, was the legal foundation of the Federal Republic of Francisville. The constitution outlined the rights of Francillian citizens, defined the rights and relationship between the federation and the cantons, and established the federal organs of state separated between executive, legislative, and judicial branches. During the federal era, Francisville was a federal republic and direct democracy in the form of a directorial system. There were four principal governing bodies on the federal level; the Federal Council (executive), the Federal Community (legislative), Federal Chamber (deliberative), and the Federal Supreme Court (judicial). In addition to forming the executive branch and directing the administration of federal governance, the Federal Council served as the collective head of state. The Federal Council operated according to the principle of collegiate responsibility whilst each individual Councillor was appointed as the executive head of a single federal department. The size of the Federal Council varied according to the size of the population consisting of a minimum of three Councillors, rising to five for a population higher than twenty-five and seven for a population higher than forty. The President of Francisville served as the presiding officer of the Federal Council as primus inter pares with no powers over and above their colleagues. The Federal Council was elected for terms of one year by means of the single transferable vote from a single national list.

Legislative authority was officially vested in the Federal Community; the directly democratic assembly of the people and cantons of Francisville. In order to become law, all legislation required the support of a double majority in Federal Community, achieving the approval of the majority of voters in the majority of cantons. Although the Federal Community retained ultimate legislative sovereignty, the responsibility for the proposal, drafting, and review of legislation was vested in the elected Federal Chamber of Francisville as the federation's supreme representative body. The Federal Chamber was comprised of representatives, known as Federal Deputies, elected from each canton according to its population. Each canton was entitled to elect at least one Deputy, thereafter receiving an additional Deputy for every five citizens. The Chamber was elected by means of the single transferable vote with each canton functioning as a single electoral district. Legislation could be proposed to the Chamber by any Deputy, any Federal Councillor, or any cantonal government. Following drafting and legislative review, the Federal Chamber submitted all legislative proposals to the Federal Community, only after the approval of which they could be adopted as federal law. The President of Chamber was elected by the Deputies to serve as the speaker and ex officio as the Convener of the Federal Community. The Federal Chamber also exercise a number of reserved responsibilities including passing the federal budget and approving all foreign treaties and agreements.

Francillian law was a unique mixed or hybrid legal system based mostly upon the influence of Scots law. The Judiciary was procedural independent from all other state authorities although the Federal Council had a signifant role in the judicial appointments process. The only court established at federal level was the Supreme Court of Francisville which held jurisdiction over all federal and constitutional law. The Supreme Court acted as the court of last resort for all criminal and civil matters as well as exercising the power of judicial review. Beneath the Supreme Court, the court system was the responsibility of the cantons. Each canton was required to establish its own judiciary to provide the courts of first instance for both criminal and civil law and handle all legal matters strictly within cantonal jurisdiction. Justices of the Supreme Court was appointed from the cantonal courts by the Federal Council upon the advice of the Federal Judicial Appointments Commission.

Direct democracy

The Federal Republic was a highly decentralise state. The cantons had the right to determine their own political systems with the stipulation that this should be in the form of a secular, democratic republic. The cantons were obliged to institute partial direct democracy by securing the right to a referendum on any law if demanded by one fifth of the population within 28 days of its publication. Referendums were also mandatory for constitutional reforms, and international or intercantonal treaties and agreements.

Cantons

The federation consisted of four semi-autonomous cantons.

Map Flag Canton Area (km²) Population
Flag Canton New Scireland.png New Scireland 0.002 4
Flag north llabdey.jpg North Llabdey 0.02 1
Rudno flag small.jpg Rudno 0.3 2
Flag of Wasserbrueck.png Wasserbrueck 0.67 7

The cantons established their own constitutions, governments, and legal systems. The cantons were considered autonomous entities in their own right, and maintained authority over all matters that were not explicitly delegated to the federation by the constitution or federal law. The cantons of New Scireland and Wasserbrueck were formed through the division of the Democratic Duchy of Francisville, whereas North Lladbey and Rudno were integrated into the federation during the constitutional convention.

The cantons were free to determine their own internal structure. Administrative divisions varied between individual cantons but collectively they were loosely referred to as districts. The canton of North Llabdey was a unitary state with no district level of government.

Foreign relations

Law enforcement

Economy

Social principles

Currency

Culture

Society

The organs of state are established for [...] the protection of human rights and dignity.

— §2.I of the 2012 Francillian Constitution

The principles underlying the Federal Republic was representative of an egalitarian, libertarian weltanschauung influenced by the works of John Locke (such as his Two Treatises of Government), among others. At the time, the Francillian people, in general, placed great emphasis on human, civil, political, scientific and cultural rights with the rights section of its current constitutional draft is the longest single section of its constitution and was presumed to be one of the largest legal document outlining citizens' rights in all of micronationalism. Hence, most citizens of the Federal Republic could, in terms of their social views, have been accurately described as modern humanists.

Languages

The federal nature of the state made Francisville a linguistically diverse country due to the fact that the cantons regulated their own official languages. English was the only language with legal standing at federal level, and Rudno was the only canton where it was not an official language. Apart from English, the most commonly spoken languages in Francisville were French (62%), German (42%), and Italian (31%). Additionally, the Ripuarian language was spoken and official in Rudno. Rudno was also the only canton to have a citizen who had not attained a native level in the English language.

Francisville was known for development of Francillian; a central franconian based constructed language originating in Wasserbrueck. Although it was only official in this one canton, it became considered the national language and was used for cultural purposes throughout the country. Some figures called for the language to become an official at federal level but no further discussion developed on the issue. Francillish, a related language, was spoken in North Llabdey which neighboured Landashir.

Media

Francisville was home to a relatively rich media landscape. The still operating The Francillian was established as a privately-published online newspaper about the political affairs of Francisville and, to a much lesser extent, the MicroWiki community at large. There was also a Francillian-language publication, d'Zäit (Francillian: The Time[s]), an equally privately maintained online cultural magazine.

Furthermore, some cantons were in relative proximity to other micronations and thus benefited from coverage by their news agencies. The Canton of Rudno had regular access to Pristinian publications including the Pristinian Herald, the Pioniermagazin and the Weiherland-Kurier (for further information, see: Media and entertainment in Pristinia), whereas the Canton of North Llabdey benefited from coverage by the St.Charlian Observer due to neighbouring Landashir's membership in the St.Charlian Commonwealth.

Cuisine

Francillian cuisine was dominated by its confectionery, bakedstuffs and alcoholic beverages. In fact, the Francillian apple pie achieved the status of somewhat of a meme within the MicroWiki community, as an image thereof which had not yet been inserted into an article was mistaken for a useless, random image unrelated to micronationalism.

Sports

Francisville as a nation was not very active in terms of ball sports, though many citizens enjoyed chess, cycling and hiking. An event was also planned for the future where citizens from across Francisville will be invited to participate in a non-competitive cayaking tour of Scotland via its canals.

In terms of the activity of watching sport as a form of entertainment, the most commonly watched sports were football (soccer), table tennis and handball. However, most Francillians did not regularly watch sports or even strongly support any team, as other leisure activities, such as reading, writing and the composition of music, were more popular within Francisville.

See also

References

External links

Historic Francisville