Canton of Wasserbrueck

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Canton of Wasserbrueck
Kanton Wasserbrueck
—  Former Canton of Francisville  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Location of Wasserbrueck in relation to Highland
Country Francisville Flag 2008.png Francisville
Capital Kirkburgh
Subdivisions
Government
 - Executive First Minister
(Executive Council)
 - Legislature Landsgeméng
Area
 - Total 0.67 km2 (0.3 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 - Total 7
Time zone GMT
 - Summer (DST) BST (UTC)
Languages English, Francillian, French

History

Geography

River in Ennerau marking the southern border with Scotland, United Kingdom.

Wasserbrueck occupied a small area of land approximately 0.97 km² (0.37 mi²) in the Scottish Highlands. The territory was an enclave of the United Kingdom, separated from Scotland by a river boundary on the southern border and by a land border elsewhere. The canton was divided into two principal georgraphical regions. The northern third of the territory was colloquially referred to as the "Upper-lands". This region was mostly part of the municipality of Kirkburgh and contained the country's highest point at 105.7m metres (346.7 ft) above sea level. The southern two thirds of the country were called the Riverlands or Ennerau (lower region), mostly contained within the Burgh of Ennerau. Wasserbrueck's lowest point, located in the river valley, sat at 64.4 metres (211.2 ft) above sea level. Geologically, the territory sat upon two sandstone formations dated to between 385 to 398 million years ago.[citation needed]

Residential street in Kirburgh, the capital of Wasserbeueck and Francisville

A sizable portion of the canton's terrain consisted of agricultural land in the form of planned rectilinear fields and permanent pastureland. Land reserved for agricultural purposes constituted approximately 63.7% (0.63 km²) of all usable land within the territory. The Duchy also had extensive coniferous woodland mostly located to the south of urban Kirkburgh in the Upper-lands and along the river valley bordering the United Kingdom. A large area of parklands and formal gardens covered the area to the east of Ennerau, populated with diverse fauna including deer, red squirrels, pheasant, foxes and tawny owls.

Climate

Francisville had a temperate oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfb) with cool summers and mild winters. Average rainfall was less than 740 millimeters per year which was lower than neighboring Scotland due to the territory's sheltered location. Rainfall tended to be evenly distributed throughout the year with no discernible dry season occurring. Snowfall was relatively uncommon and occurred mostly in the period between late November and early February. Typically the warmest day should rise to a temperature of around 25.4 °C with tempartures in excess of 26.5 °C occurring rarely. The lowest temperature recorded in the region was -15.7 °C in January 2010 but temperatures lower than -5 °C were unexpected.

Climate data for Kirkburgh, Francisville
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 44.4
(6.9)
45.1
(7.3)
48.7
(9.3)
52.9
(11.6)
58.3
(14.6)
62.4
(16.9)
66
(18.9)
65.5
(18.6)
61
(16.1)
54.7
(12.6)
48.7
(9.3)
44.6
(7.0)
54.5
(12.5)
Average low °F (°C) 34
(1.1)
34.2
(1.2)
36.3
(2.4)
39.2
(4.0)
43.5
(6.4)
48.7
(9.3)
52.5
(11.4)
52.2
(11.2)
48
(8.9)
42.8
(6.0)
38.3
(3.5)
34.2
(1.2)
42.1
(5.6)
Average Precipitation inches (mm) 3.028
(76.9)
2.307
(58.6)
2.268
(57.6)
1.551
(39.4)
2.031
(51.6)
2.335
(59.3)
2.102
(53.4)
2.343
(59.5)
2.646
(67.2)
3.075
(78.1)
2.606
(66.2)
2.559
(65.0)
28.85
(732.8)
Source: worldweatheronline.com

Politics

Political system

The cantonal constitution was drafted in 2011. Wasserbrueck was a direct democracy with the Landsgeméng (Cantonal Assembly) as its supreme legislative authority. The canton was governed by the Executive Council, consisting of the First Minister and up to four executive councillors proportioned to the size of the electorate. The Executive Council was a collegiate body which is elected for four month terms using the single transferable vote. Following the model of the Federal Council, the Council elected the First Minister to act as its presiding officer with a role similar to that of the Federal President. The judicial system consisted of the High Court and two Burgh courts.

At federal level, the canton was represented by two deputies in the Federal Chamber.

Administrative divisions

At the district level, Wasserbrueck was originally subdivided into a system of counties which could also be granted burgh status, similar to city status in other cantons. Burghs were entitled to elect a Provost as its Executive Officer and to assume certain devolved responsibilities from the cantonal aurhotiries, including the right to introduce local arms and symbols and powers over education and local infrastructure. Counties had more limited responsibilities extending to planning regulations, leisure, and public libraries. Wasserbrueck originally comprised three districts:

The Cantonal Assembly (Landsgeméng) voted to enact a series of local government reforms in September 2012. The distinction between counties and burghs was abolished and replaced by a uniform system of Burghs with equal responsibilities. The former county of Gréngefeld were merged into the new united Burgh of Ennerau, reducing the number of local authorities to two. This system remained until the dissolution of the Federal Republic in August 2014.

Economy

The Canton dominated the economy of the federation. A large number of Francisville's major service providers had their headquarters in the Bugh of Kiirchbuerg, including d'Post and The Francillian. The service industry was significant in Wasserbrueck but there was also a growing manufacturing sector, particularly in publishing and food production.

Agriculture did not had a significant role in the economy even though more than 60% of the land area of the canton was available for agricultural use. The canton had a high population of students, approximately 40%, and a large number of public sector employers. The Burghs were responsible for the administation of public libraries and public education for which they levied a community tax. In August 2012, the canton introduced free public transport for any citizen wishing to visit the Canton.

See also