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Federal Republic of Francisville
Federal Republic of Francisville |
Location of Francisville (dark green)
|Capital city||None (administration decentralised)|
|Largest city||Kirkburgh, Wasserbrueck|
|Government||Federal republic and direct democracy with a directorial executive|
Electing the Federal President
Electing the Federal Chamber
Federal Supreme Court|
Electing the Chief Justice of the Federation
|Area claimed||0.9 km²|
|Population||14 (at dissolution)|
Francisville, officially the Federal Republic of Francisville (Francillian: Federalsrepublik Frankestädt /fɹʌnkəʃtæt/; French: République fédérale de Francisville; German: Bundesrepublik Frankestadt; Ripuarian: Bondesrepoblėck Frankestädt; Italian: Repubblica federale di Francisville; Francillish: Federaale Republik vus Frankestaad), was a landlocked federal republic of four semi-autonomous cantons, bordered by the Landashir, Pristinia, Erephisia, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Founded in November 2008 as the Democratic Duchy of Francisville, Francisville was a constitutional monarchy ruled by the Grand Duke. Between 2009 and 2010, it was instrumental in the development of the MicroWiki community and a prominent member of the Grand Unified Micronational along with Erusia, Renasia, Petorio, and St.Charlie. Francisville has a history of strong neturality, and has never been involved in a micronational war. It became inactive from late 2011 until summer 2012. The duchy and monarchy were abolished following a referendum in 2011 which led to a long constitutional convention which developed the federal state.
Francisville became a federal republic and direct democracy led by a directorial executive, the Federal Council. Francisville was linguistically diverse, with seven languages being spoken across the federation including the national language, Francillian. National day was celebrated on November 28; the foundation date of the Duchy. The nation suffered from internal inactivity leading to its gradual dissolution in Summer 2014.
Originally constituted as a duchy, Francisville existed in the form of a federal republic since a period in 2011 known as the June Convention. The foundation of Francisville is dated back to 28 November 2008 with the establishment of the Democratic Duchy of Francisville. Francisville began to integrate into the MicroWiki community in January 2009.
Francisville was founded on November 28, 2008. Upon its formation, Francisville adopted a provisional constitutional structure in the form of a duchy ruled by a powerful elected monarch, the Archduke. This title was in altered January 2009 to that of Grand Duke due to the adoption of a new constitution transforming the Democratic Duchy into a constitutional monarchy. Despite these reforms, the Grand Duke retained executive authority over the country through an emergency clause in the constitution.
On Febuary 8, 2009, Francisville joined the Grand Unified Micronational. Francisville soon established itself as a comparatively neutral nation in the community, often condemning the wars that frequently occurred at the time, such as the Meissner-Antifan War during which Francisville acted as a mediator.
A third constitution was adopted in March 2009 which allowed the government to claim physical territory, following which Francisville establish the municipalities of Culloden and Dalcross. Francisville joined the United Micronations in the same month. In April 2009 James Stewart, Grand Duke of Francisville, proposed that a further constitution be adopted by referendum in order to discontinue the monarchy's executive role and establish a functional legislature. The fourth and final constitution of the Democratic Duchy was adopted in May of that year, and the first election of the Chamber of Deputies was completed on June 3, 2009.
On July 13, Grand Duke James I was elected Chair of the Grand Unified Micronational, during which time Francisville's reputation as a neutral power was enhanced by her role as a negotiator in the Rhodesian War. In response to the conflict, James Stewart announced Francisville's withdrawal from the UNMCN on July 30. Later that year, Francisville was a signatory to the GUM's Treaty of Universal Non-Aggression. Francisville celebrated her first founders day on November 28, 2009.
2010 to Reform Period
Francisville again acted as a negotiator during disputes between Sandus and New Scireland in January 2010. The country's international involvement in the MicroWiki community declined as the year progressed, mostly as an effort to distance Francisville from the influence of Erusia. The second assembly of the Chamber of Deputies was elected in June 2010. Following the exposure of Robert Lethler and the dissolution of Erusia, Francisville showed an increased media presence due to its connection with historical events. In August 2010, interest in a Francillian language was rekindled. Despite these developments, Francisville increasingly isolated herself from the community and the government had become relatively inactive by November of that year.
After a six month period of inactivity, discussion concerning the nation's future developed within Francisville's political institutions. In June 2010, the Chamber of Deputies endorsed a declaration by the Grand Duke for the revision of the structure of the state. This declaration advocated a consensus based constitutional convention with the aim of establishing a republic with strong elements of direct democracy. After over a year's worth of debate, consultation and referendums, the Constitution was ratified by an absolute majority of voters on August 30, 2012. Following a period of inactivity, the gradual dissolution of the federal state occurred with unilateral declarations of independence by North Llabdey and Rudno. Following a lack of response to these events, the state was considered defunct by the intermicronational community.
The Federal Republic was situated in North America, and Western and Central Europe, occupying approximately one square kilometre of land. It was bordered by three sovereign states (the United Kingdom, the United States, and Germany) and three micronations (Landashir, Pristinia and Erephisia). The 4 km long border between Wasserbrueck and the United Kingdom was the longest uninterrupted boundary with another state. The federation had no coastline as all four cantons cantons occupied landlocked locations. Wasserbrueck was bordered by a river to the south and two footbridges linked the canton with the Scotland.
Despite the discontinuity of its physical location, Francisville had a broadly consistent geography, consisting mainly of woodland and rural areas. The country was predominately non-urbanised and farmland comprised approximately 60% of the total land area. The most prominent developed areas were in New Scireland and Kiirchbuerg, which was also Francisville's principle industrial region. The greater area of Rudno consisted of a significant expance of park- and woodland, as well as a still freshwater body. The territory of North Llabdey consisted almost entirely of dense woodland which was connected to the border by one road.
All cantons of Francisville were located within some form of a temperate/mesothermic climatic zone (Group C according to Köppen). However, Wasserbrueck, Rudno and North Llabdey, experienced a maritime temperate climate (Köppen Cfb), while New Scireland experienced a humid subtropical climate (Cfa). Regardless of these similar climates, temperatures throughout the Federal Republic varied greatly, with Rudno experiencing the highest temperatures in general and Wasserbrueck the lowest. Precipitation also varied considerably, with the most precipitation occuring in Wasserbrueck.
In its federal form, Francisville was a federal, democratic republic in the form of a directorial presidential system. The political system was laid down by the Constitution of Francisville which was official enacted in August 2012 following the abolition of the monarchy by the process of the June Convention. This process transformed Francisville from a unitary, parliamentary monarchy into a federal republic by means of democratisation and federalisation through a series of referendums.
The executive branch consisted of the Federal Council which was directly elected for four month terms. A collegiate body of three, five, or seven executive councillors, it served as the collective Head of State and directed the federal administration. The Federal Council elected the President of Francisville from amongst its members to act as its presiding member. The president was recognised as a primus inter pares with no additional authority who continued in their own department role within the federal administration. The Federal Supreme Court served as the constitutional court. Justices were be appointed by the Federal Council for one year terms.
Since the June Convention, Francisville became a direct democracy at federal level and this continued under the 2012 constitution. Federal laws were determined through a process of referenda and initiatives, deliberated by the Federal Chamber. Each canton constituted one electoral district, electing a number of members proportional to its population for four month terms. The Federal Chamber was delegated the responsibilities of drafting federal legislation and proposals were submitted to the people and the cantons. The single transferable vote was used for the election of the Federal Council and the Federal Chamber.
The Federal Republic was a highly decentralise state. The cantons had the right to determine their own political systems with the stipulation that this should be in the form of a secular, democratic republic. The cantons were obliged to institute partial direct democracy by securing the right to a referendum on any law if demanded by one fifth of the population within 28 days of its publication. Referendums were also mandatory for constitutional reforms, and international or intercantonal treaties and agreements.
The federation consisted of four semi-autonomous cantons.
The cantons established their own constitutions, governments, and legal systems. The cantons were considered autonomous entities in their own right, and maintained authority over all matters that were not explicitly delegated to the federation by the constitution or federal law. The cantons of New Scireland and Wasserbrueck were formed through the division of the Democratic Duchy of Francisville, whereas North Lladbey and Rudno were integrated into the federation during the constitutional convention.
The cantons were free to determine their own internal structure. Administrative divisions varied between individual cantons but collectively they were loosely referred to as districts. The canton of North Llabdey was a unitary state with no district level of government.
The federal nature of the state made Francisville a linguistically diverse country due to the fact that the cantons regulated their own official languages. English was the only language with legal standing at federal level, and Rudno was the only canton where it was not an official language. Apart from English, the most commonly spoken languages in Francisville were French (62%), German (42%), and Italian (31%). Additionally, the Ripuarian language was spoken and official in Rudno. Rudno was also the only canton to have a citizen who had not attained a native level in the English language.
Francisville was known for development of Francillian; a central franconian based constructed language originating in Wasserbrueck. Although it was only official in this one canton, it became considered the national language and was used for cultural purposes throughout the country. Some figures called for the language to become an official at federal level but no further discussion developed on the issue. Francillish, a related language, was spoken in North Llabdey which neighboured Landashir.
Francisville was home to a relatively rich media landscape. The still operating The Francillian was established as a privately-published online newspaper about the political affairs of Francisville and, to a much lesser extent, the MicroWiki community at large. There was also a Francillian-language publication, d'Zäit (Francillian: The Time[s]), an equally privately maintained online cultural magazine.
Furthermore, some cantons were in relative proximity to other micronations and thus benefited from coverage by their news agencies. The Canton of Rudno had regular access to Pristinian publications including the Pristinian Herald, the Pioniermagazin and the Weiherland-Kurier (for further information, see: Media and entertainment in Pristinia), whereas the Canton of North Llabdey benefited from coverage by the St.Charlian Observer due to neighbouring Landashir's membership in the St.Charlian Commonwealth.
Francillian cuisine was dominated by its confectionery, bakedstuffs and alcoholic beverages. In fact, the Francillian apple pie achieved the status of somewhat of a meme within the MicroWiki community, as an image thereof which had not yet been inserted into an article was mistaken for a useless, random image unrelated to micronationalism.
The organs of state are established for [...] the protection of human rights and dignity.— §2.I of the 2012 Francillian Constitution
The principles underlying the Federal Republic was representative of an egalitarian, libertarian weltanschauung influenced by the works of John Locke (such as his Two Treatises of Government), among others. At the time, the Francillian people, in general, placed great emphasis on human, civil, political, scientific and cultural rights with the rights section of its current constitutional draft is the longest single section of its constitution and was presumed to be one of the largest legal document outlining citizens' rights in all of micronationalism. Hence, most citizens of the Federal Republic could, in terms of their social views, have been accurately described as modern humanists.
Francisville as a nation was not very active in terms of ball sports, though many citizens enjoyed chess, cycling and hiking. An event was also planned for the future where citizens from across Francisville will be invited to participate in a non-competitive cayaking tour of Scotland via its canals.
In terms of the activity of watching sport as a form of entertainment, the most commonly watched sports were football (soccer), table tennis and handball. However, most Francillians did not regularly watch sports or even strongly support any team, as other leisure activities, such as reading, writing and the composition of music, were more popular within Francisville.
- National Archives of Francisville: Constitution (2008). Retrieved 20/02/2012.
- National Archives of Francisville: Constitution (March 2009) Retrieved 22/02/2012
- National Archives of Francisville: Legislative Election (May 2009) Retrieved 22/02/2012
- Declaration of the Republic Accessed 11/08/2012
- The Francillian: Von Puchow to withdraw from politics. Retrieved 30/12/2015.
- Rudno Courier: Rudno proclaims Commonwealth. Retrieved 30/12/2015.
|Available conlangs: • Francillian|