Francillian Constitutional Convention 2011

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The Francillian Constitutional Convention, also known as the June Convention or Constitutional Assembly, was a constitution convention established in order to draft the constitution of the Federal Republic of Francisville following the disestablishment of the Democratic Duchy of Francisville in June 2011. Although predominantly led by members of the Duchy's government, the convention was a deliberative assembly of all citizens with all proposals being ratified by referendum. The constitution of the Federal Republic was adopted on 31 August 2012.

Background

Issues and Proposals

States rights

Form of government

Referendums and Surveys

Constitutional Referendum, June 2011

The convention followed from a referendum held on 1 June 2011. The referendum proposed a full revision of the constitution based on what was called for in the Declaration of the Republic:

I propose that the current system be rejected, and that the citizens of Francisville come together to establish a new political order through common consensus. On public consent, new elections ought to be put off, and a national forum on political change created in their place, headed by the incumbent deputies

Grand Duke James I

The ballot paper for the referendum was entitled "On the proposal to revise the constitution":

Francillian Constitutional Referendum, June 2011
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|- |- style="background-color:#EEEEEE" | style="text-align: left" | Valid votes | style="text-align: right;" | 5 | style="text-align: right;" | {{Number table sorting/Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "{".

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|- style="background-color:#EEEEEE" | style="text-align: left" | Invalid or blank votes | style="text-align: right;" | 0 | style="text-align: right;" | Template:Number table sorting/positive0% |- style="background-color:#EEEEEE" | style="text-align: left" | Total votes | style="text-align: right;" | 5 | style="text-align: right;" | 100.00% |- style="background-color:#EEEEEE" | style="text-align: left" | Registered voters/turnout | style="text-align: right;" | 11 | style="text-align: right;" | Template:Number table sorting/positive45.45%

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National Survey, June 2011

The first national survey took place on 3-7 June 2011. The survey aimed to determine the basic structure of the republic following the decision to revise the constitution. Voters were asked questions on the name of the state and the nature of its subdivisions:

  • Name of the state: The poll initially proposed three options for the state's official name: Federal Republic of Francisville, the Francillian Republic, and the Francillian Federation. No further alternatives were proposed.
    • Result: Federal Republic of Francisville (75%)
  • Name of the regions: Two options were initially proposed, States or Cantons, and no further suggestions were made.
    • Result: Tie. Cantons was adopted in later proposals with no protest.
  • Nature of the regions: This was to determine the fundamental constitutional relationship between the state and its subdivisions. The poll proposed a unitary state, a federation with defined division of powers between the federation and the states (German model), or a federation where the states remain fundamentally autonomous (Swiss model).
    • Result: Tie between the two forms of federalism. Unitary state received no votes.
  • Voter turnout: 4 out of 11 (36%)

The constitutional proposals put forward following the survey defined the Cantons as sovereign insofar as their autonomy was not limited by the federation but delegated a number of tasks to the federal government. The result is that tasks are, in practice, divided between the federal and cantonal governments but the self-determination of the cantons is guaranteed and they remain fundamentally autonomous from the federal authorities on most issues.

National Survey, Title 1

A survey was held on 13 November 2011. Voters were consulted on Title 1 of the proposed Federal Constitution:

  • Voters unanimously approved of the structure and content of Title 1- General Provisions.
  • Voters unanimously decided to adopt the flag of the Democratic Duchy of Francisville as the flag of the Federal Republic.
  • Voter turnout: 4 out of 11 (36%)

National Survey, Title 2

A survey was held on 4 December 2011. Voters were consulted on Title 2 of the proposed Federal Constitution:

  • Voters unanimously approved of Chapter 1- General Provisions.
  • The majority (75%) of voters approved of Chapter 2: Section 1- Fundamental Human Rights. Concerns were raised over the introduction of restrictions of Fundamental Human Rights and amendments were made such that no restriction can be introduced unless permitted by the article itself.
  • Voters unanimously approved of Chapter 2: Section 2: Political Rights.
  • The majority (75%) of voters approved of Chapter 2: Section 3: Economic Rights and Social Aims. The right to inheritance was proposed as an additional article but no further interested developed.
  • Voter turnout: 4 out of 11 (36%)

Francillian federal referendum, January 2012

The constituent Cantons of Francisville were determined by a referendum held on 3-16 January 2012.

  • It was proposed that the territory and population of the Democratic Duchy of Francisville be divided into two cantons; Wasserbrueck and New Scireland. Additionally, citizens voted on the requests of the regions of North Llabdey and Rudno to be integrated into the Federal Republic. All three proposals were accepted unanimously.
  • A further question was included on the proposal for Francisville to provisionally accept membership in Germanophony. This was the first decision taken on foreign relations since the disestablishment of the Duchy and the first to be subject to a referendum. The proposal was accepted by the majority of voters.
Proposal Yes (%) No (%)
On the proposal to divide the Democratic Duchy of Francisville into the Canton of Wasserbrueck and the Canton of New Scireland 5 100 0 0
On the proposal to incorporate the Canton of North Llabdey 5 100 0 0
On the proposal to incorporate the Canton of Rudno 5 100 0 0
On the proposal for Francisville to be provisionally involved in the Micronational German Language Society 4 80 1 20
Voter turnout 45%
Electorate 11

National Survey, Title 3

A national survey was held on 11-15 February 2012. Voters were consulted on Title 3 of the proposed Federal Constitution.

  • Voters unanimously approved of the contents and structure of the Title 3- Federation, Cantons, and the People, outlining the relationship between the federation and the cantons, the obligations of the cantons, and the powers of the federation.
  • Voter turnout: 5 out of 13 (38%). This was the first survey where citizens of North Llabdey and Rudno were included in the electorate.

Francillian federal referendum, March 2012

First ballot

Proposal Yes (%) No (%)
I think that there should be a Federal legislative assembly 2 40 3 60
I think that the voting age in Francisville should be 14 4 80 1 20
I think that legal personality should only be granted to mutual organisations 5 100 0 0
I think that membership in international organisations should require a federal referendum 4 80 1 20
I think that membership in military alliances should be prohibited 4 80 1 20
I think that membership in supranational unions should be prohibited 3 60 2 40
I think that Francisville should remain a permanent observer member of the Grand Unified Micronational 3 60 2 40
I think that Francisville should apply for full membership in the Grand Unified Micronational 1 20 4 80
Voter turnout 38%
Electorate 13

Second ballot

Proposal Yes (%) No (%)
I think that there should be a Federal legislative assembly 3 50 3 50
I think that the voting age in Francisville should be 14 4 66.67 2 33.33
I think that legal personality should only be granted to mutual organisations 6 100 0 0
I think that membership in international organisations should require a federal referendum 4 66.67 2 33.33
I think that membership in military alliances should be prohibited 5 83.30 1 16.70
I think that membership in supranational unions should be prohibited 4 66.67 2 33.33
I think that Francisville should remain a permanent observer member of the Grand Unified Micronational 2 33.33 4 66.67
I think that Francisville should apply for full membership in the Grand Unified Micronational 1 16.70 5 83.30
Voter turnout 46%
Electorate 13

Francillian federal referendum, April 2012

Do you approve of the establishment of a non-legislative federal assembly?
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Results
Votes  %
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Invalid or blank votes 0 Template:Number table sorting/positive0%
Total votes 8 100.00%
Registered voters/turnout 13 Template:Number table sorting/positive61.54%

| width="500" align="left" valign="top"|

Do you think that Francisville should remain an observer member of the G.U.M?
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|- |- style="background-color:#EEEEEE" | style="text-align: left" | Valid votes | style="text-align: right;" | 8 | style="text-align: right;" | {{Number table sorting/Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "{".

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|- style="background-color:#EEEEEE" | style="text-align: left" | Invalid or blank votes | style="text-align: right;" | 0 | style="text-align: right;" | Template:Number table sorting/positive0% |- style="background-color:#EEEEEE" | style="text-align: left" | Total votes | style="text-align: right;" | 8 | style="text-align: right;" | 100.00% |- style="background-color:#EEEEEE" | style="text-align: left" | Registered voters/turnout | style="text-align: right;" | 13 | style="text-align: right;" | Template:Number table sorting/positive61.54%

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Francillian constitutional referendum, August 2012

To adopt the proposed Federal Constitution, drafted August 2012.
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|- |- style="background-color:#EEEEEE" | style="text-align: left" | Valid votes | style="text-align: right;" | 8 | style="text-align: right;" | {{Number table sorting/Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "{".

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|- style="background-color:#EEEEEE" | style="text-align: left" | Invalid or blank votes | style="text-align: right;" | 0 | style="text-align: right;" | Template:Number table sorting/positive0% |- style="background-color:#EEEEEE" | style="text-align: left" | Total votes | style="text-align: right;" | 8 | style="text-align: right;" | 100.00% |- style="background-color:#EEEEEE" | style="text-align: left" | Registered voters/turnout | style="text-align: right;" | 14 | style="text-align: right;" | Template:Number table sorting/positive57.14%

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Representatives

New Scireland

  • Cameron Falby

North Llabdey

Rudno

Wasserbrueck

See also