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|This article refers to a micronation which is defunct and no longer exists. You can help make the article reflect that or ask on the talk page for further information.|
| St.Charlian Commonwealth |
Italian: Commonwealth St.Charliano
For Liberty United we Stand
"Ouverture de la Gazza Ladra" - G. Rossini
Federations in dark green, Permanent Territories in red
|Capital city||Branson, District (ad interim)|
|Largest city||Branson, District|
|Official language(s)||Italian, English (Official) |
German, Francillish (Minorities)
|- Supreme Protector||James Lunam|
|- Secretary-General||James von Puchow|
|Legislature||General Assembly of the Commonwealth|
|Established||26 May 2010|
|Time zone||(UTC-5 to +1)|
The St.Charlian Commonwealth (Italian: Commonwealth St.Charliano) is a micronational organisation that seeks to unite all Territories, Permanent Territories and Federations of the Federal Republic of St.Charlie. The Federal Republic is recognised as the leading nation of the Commonwealth.
Member territories co-operate within a framework of common values and goals as set out in the Reinhardt-Schneider Commonwealth Bill. These include the promotion of democracy, human rights, good governance, the rule of law, individual liberty, egalitarianism, free trade, multilateralism and micronational peace.
The Commonwealth was officially established on May 26th 2010 by the Schneider Bill on Admission and Entry to the Republic, which was voted upon unanimously by the St.Charlian Parliament and received positive reviews from both government and opposition. Its aims were to unite the Federal Republic and any Territories, both Permanent and not, under a single banner.
Since its founding, the Commonwealth has been subject of interest from foreign micronations; for example nations such as the Community of Landashir and SFR Nemkhavia were initially interested in joining the Commonwealth as Permanent Territories. In early September 2010 it appeared as if the Free Oligarchy of Newford, a state which claimed to be completely capitalist, would join the Commonwealth, but it decided to retract the decision once Prime Minister Reinhardt made it clear they would have to disclose their IP address, a request that the Free Oligarchy refused to comply with.
On October 19, 2010, the Royal Republic of Eleytheria joined the St.Charlian Commonwealth as Permanent Territory, thus becoming the first full member of the Commonwealth. On the same day, Kremlum Sandus joined as the first St.Charlian Territory after the establishment of Royal Beresford as a Federation.
On November 16th 2010, Tammarack entered the St.Charlian Commonwealth as a Territory after a unanimous vote by the St.Charlian Parliament. The territory was characterized by a prolonged period of inactivity and following several weeks of absence, it left the Commonwealth on April 5,2011.
On April 10, 2011, the Community of Landashir and the Republic of Tiana joined the Commonwealth as permanent territories. Since then, Tiana has left the Commonwealth and Havnesgade-Amager (later Saint Luke and Amager) joined as a permanent territory. The Commonwealth Charter was soon passed by the legislative processes of the three states in the Commonwealth, and the Territory of White Mountain joined after a reform making Territories pieces of land with no population. Many Federations joined St.Charlie at this time.
The activities of the Commonwealth are carried out through a multilateral assembly consisting of the St.Charlian Parliament and the Parliaments of the territories. The official head of the Commonwealth is St.Charlian President James Lunam, also known as Supreme Protector of the St.Charlian Commonwealth. The executive head is the Secretary General of the Commonwealth; currently, this office is held by Alexander Reinhardt.
On September 12th 2010 the Reinhardt-Schneider Commonwealth Act was voted upon by the parliament with 8 yeas and nil nays, and will serve, alongside the St.Charlian constitution, as the basic law of the Commonwealth until a full-fledged Charter is written. It made official the flag, coat-of-arms, motto and anthem of the Commonwealth as well as the offices of Supreme Protector and Secretary-General. The Act also establishes the General Assembly as the Commonwealth's principal political organisation and limits to two the number of representatives per member state.
All St.Charlian citizens are automatically also Commonwealth citizens. On the other hand, citizens of Territories within the Commonwealth only the possess the "Commonwealth Citizenship". This is a slightly less privileged citizenship than a full St.Charlian one but allows for a previous citizenship to be maintained, in the case of Permanent Territories for example.
As set out in the Lunam-Schneider Bill on Citizenship of May 26th:
|“|| The citizenship of the St.Charlian Commonwealth enables a citizen to vote solely for the St.Charlian Parliamentary elections. The citizens of the Commonwealth can also enter the SCAF. The Commonwealth citizenship does not permit citizens to create political parties that may be elected at the General Assembly of the St.Charlian Parliament, but only to create them on a Territorial level.
—Lunam-Schneider Bill on Citizenship, Art. 5,1
Commonwealth citizens may request St.Charlian citizenship through the Foreign Affairs' Immigration Office, but thus lose all privilges associated with it. As stated in the aforementioned bill, a Territory with no Commonwealth citizens will automatically be considered a Federation and its integration process will start with a commission of the Foreign Affairs Ministry.
Symbols, Motto and Anthem
The motto of the Commonwealth was proposed by Minister Heinrich Schneider and ratified by Prime Minister Reinhardt. Both the flag and the coat-of-arms were designed by PM Reinhardt; although the flag's concept was proposed by Minister Schneider. Talks are underway regarding a possible redesign of both, and a preliminary draft for the new flag has been proposed. The anthem was based on one of Rossini's most famous pieces, and edited by Minister Lunam.