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|This article refers to a micronation which is defunct and no longer exists. You can help make the article reflect that or ask on the talk page for further information.|
|St.Charlian Parliament |
|Houses||General Assembly (Assemblea Generale)|
Local Assemblies (Assemblee Locali)
|President of the Parliament||Leonard Von Sternberg, S |
since January 2014
|Majority Leader||Alex Specter, S |
since January 2013
|Opposition Leader||Athlon Strauss, N |
since January 2015
|Members||10 MPs (Parlamentari/Deputati)|
|Parliament political groups||New Socialist Party (6) |
National Party (4)
|Parliament last election||6 January 2015|
|Assemblea Generale St.Charliana (official) |
Various online venues
The St.Charlian Parliament (Italian: Parlamento St.Charliano) was the main legislative body and national assembly of the Federal Republic of St.Charlie. Initially established as a unicameral legislature, it was composed of the national diet, knowned as the General Assembly (Italian:Assemblea Generale), and also all the other federal legislative bodies, known as Local Assemblies (Assemblee Locali).
According to the St.Charlian Constitution, "the deputies to the St.Charlian Parliament were elected in free, equal and secret elections. They were representatives of the whole people, and are not bound by orders and instructions".
The Ist Legislature kept its functions even after the Branson Act 2009, although other political parties were admitted during that period. It lasted until September 2009, when the entrance of Tor Pendente and Caroline Charlotte, the nomination of a new SCSM Vice-Secretary, and the suspected inactivity of several members of the Parliament, leaded to the dismissal of the Parliament and legislative elections.
The Parliament was established by the Movement for St.Charlian Liberation on November 23, 2008.
Powers and Duties
While local assemblies are recognised as part of the St.Charlian Parliament, only the General Assembly remains the legislative branch of the St.Charlian political system.
Although most legislation is initiated by the government, the General Assembly considers the legislative function its most important responsibility, concentrating much of its energy on assessing and amending the government's legislative program. With a majority of two-thirds, the Assembly may also amend the Constitution. Plenary sessions and Forum sections provide a meeting point for members to engage in public debate on legislative issues before them, but they tend to be well attended only when significant legislation is being considered. In most cases, however, MPs tend to discuss matters in real life, or through Skype.
Not all of the members of the General Assembly are directly elected by the public: while the Governors are brought in through the federal elections, Junior Members are nominated by the parties. In turn, the General Assembly elects its President.
The General Assembly's main power surely remains the capability of checking the activity of the executive power through binding legislation. Understandably, the opposition parties are active in exercising the parliamentary right to scrutinize government actions. In addition to these key powers, the constitution grants to the Assembly extensive legislative powers, the right to authorize the government to raise taxes and grant loans, and the duty to approve or reject decisions by the Federal President to declare war and make peace. The General Assembly however, has a low power on ratifying treaties and other kinds of international agreements, as it is occupation of the Ambassadorial Council, but it may oppose to diplomatic relations with a certain micronation if more than 75% of dissent is acquired. The assembly also appoints members of state institutions, such as the President of the Federal Republic every two years, and votes for the recipients of the Order of the Blue Star.
The General Assembly consisted of 11 members. Until the General Elections of 2012, the MPs were divided between the leadership of both the National and Socialist Party, and the elected leaders of each federation. Furthermore, the leader of the opposition, who lost the election, ended up being elected as Speaker. With the arrival, however, of the Green Party and the unexpected low percentage of votes of the Socialist Party, the composition of the General Assembly has changed.
There were three types of assemblymen:
- Presidents (or Governors): leaders of a St.Charlian Federation who have been elected by their citizens in the federal elections. They also serve as Speakers of their Local Assembly.
- Party leaders: secretaries of a political party who are entitled to sit in the Assembly as representatives of their movement. At least 15% of the national votes is required to earn a seat. Therefore, in order to have both the Secretary, and Vice-Secretary of a party in the Assembly, 30% of the votes is required.
- Junior Members: members who was entitled by their political party to sit in the Assembly. The amount of seats available for junior members depends on the percentage gained during the General Elections.
According to the St.Charlian Parliament, members of the Assembly represent the constituency from which they are elected, but mostly the Political movement from which they come from. The President, or Speaker, of the General Assembly is the third hierarchical figure in St.Charlie and was usually nominated by the winning party of the elections, until November 2009, when such right was handed over to the Assembly itself. The President of the St.Charlian Parliament is now elected by the MPs at the first legislative session of the General Assembly.
Timeline of Presidents of the St.Charlian Parliament
|Name||Home state||Term began||Term ended||Allegiance|
|1.||James Lunam||District||23 November, 2008||5 January, 2009||National Party of St.Charlie|
|2.||Sumaya Ilmi Guled||Greater Ridgeway||5 January, 2009||24 January, 2010||National Party of St.Charlie|
|3.||Magnus De Armis||New Branson||24 January, 2010||7 January, 2011||New Socialist Party|
|4.||Alexander Reinhardt||New Branson||7 January, 2011||20 January, 2012||National Party of St.Charlie|
|5.||Valentina Marchesi||Tor Pendente||20 January, 2012||17 January, 2013||National Party of St.Charlie|
|6.||Alice Gautier||Tor Pendente||17 January, 2013||20 January, 2014||New Socialist Party|
|7.||Lorenzo Zoni||Atlantis||20 January, 2014||8 February, 2015||New Socialist Party|
|8.||Leonard Von Sternberg||Caroline Charlotte||8 February, 2015||Incumbent||New Socialist Party|
By St.Charlian laws, a Local Assembly is a generic term referring to the unicameral legislature for a constitutive federal state. The formal name and the structure varies from federation to federation.
Members of the General Assembly
|Name||Home state||Term began||Legislature||Allegiance|
|1.||Alvisi, Nicolò||Tor Pendente||November 1, 2009||II; III; IV; V; VI||New Socialist Party|
|2.||Beninati, Flavio||Atlantis||January 10, 2013||V; VI||New Socialist Party|
|3.||Gautier, Alice||Tor Pendente||January 10, 2010||V; VI||New Socialist Party|
|4.||Mejakhansk, Marka||Greater Ridgeway||January 8, 2014||VI||National Party|
|5.||Papadopoulos, Nikolas||Greater Ridgeway||January 8, 2014||VI||National Party|
|6.||Portes, Luiza||Koss||June 6, 2012||IV; V; VI||National Party|
|7.||Specter, Alex||Atlantis||July 19, 2012||IV; V; VI||New Socialist Party|
|8.||Strauss, Athlon||Tor Pendente||January 8, 2014||VI||National Party|
|9.||Von Sternberg, Leonard||Caroline Charlotte||January 7, 2011||III; IV; V; VI||New Socialist Party|
|10.||Zoni, Lorenzo||Atlantis||January 8, 2014||VI||New Socialist Party|