Prime Minister of the Federal Republic of St.Charlie

From MicroWiki, the micronational encyclopædia
Jump to: navigation, search
Flag stcharlie.png Prime Minister of St.Charlie StCgov flag.png
Primo Ministro St.Charliano
250px
The Right Honourable
Alex Specter

Formation 21 January 2009 (Official)

Term length One year

Appointed by President of St.Charlie

Inaugural holder Alexander Reinhardt

The Prime Minister of St.Charlie (officially the President of the St.Charlian Cabinet of Ministers, Italian: Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri St.Charliani), also known as the Federal Prime Minister (Italian: Primo Ministro Federale) is the head of government of the Federal Republic of St.Charlie. According to the St.Charlian order of precedence, the position of prime minister is ceremonially the second most important St.Charlian state office; however, in reality, the prime minister is the most powerful and thus truly most important person in the St.Charlian government.

The prime minister is a constitutional office, established by section 5 of the St.Charlian Constitution. The prime minister is appointed by the President. In 2011, the prime minister was Nicolò Alvisi, former Minister of Justice and Vice-Secretary of the St.Charlian Socialist Party. He succeeded Alexander Reinhardt, previous Vice-Secretary of the NPSC before the approval of the Branson Act 2009, on January 8, 2011. Now, Reinhardt has taken office once again as elected in 2012.

Official title

The title of St.Charlie's head of government in Italian is Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri St.Charliani. Literally translated, this means "President of the St.Charlian Council of Ministers". However, because "prime minister" or "premier" is the more usual title in a parliamentary system for a head of government in English-speaking nations, the head of the St.Charlian government is usually referred to by English speakers as the "Prime Minister of St.Charlie".

Role

St.Charlie's Constitution invests the Prime Minister with central executive authority. Since the Branson Act 2009, the two major parties (presently the National Party and the Socialist Party) call their leading candidates for the federal election. Usually, the leader of the party is chosen as candidate. The Federal Government consists of the chancellor and his cabinet ministers.

The Prime Minister's authority emanates from the provisions of the Constitution and from his status as leader of the party (or eventually coalition of parties) holding a majority of seats in the General Assembly. With the exception of Nicolò Alvisi, the Prime Minister has usually also been chairman of his own party. This is the case with Alexander Reinhardt, leader of the National party since its foundation in 2008.

The first Prime Minister, Reinhardt, set many precedents that continue today. He arrogated nearly all major decisions to himself, and established the office of the Prime Minister as the clear focus of power in St.Charlie, while treating his ministers as colleagues rather than mere extensions of his authority.

The Prime Minister determines the composition of the cabinet. The Federal President formally appoints and dismisses cabinet ministers, at the recommendation of the Prime Minister; no parliamentary approval is needed. According to the Constitution, no limits are given to the Prime Minister's number of cabinet members and duties.

Eventual laws and decrees following the Branson Act have set forth the functioning of the executive branch:

  • The Prime Minister is responsible for all government policies. Any formal policy guidelines issued by the Prime Minister are legally binding directives that cabinet ministers must implement. Cabinet ministers are expected to introduce specific policies at the ministerial level that reflect the Prime Minister's broader guidelines.
  • Each minister is given the freedom to supervise departmental operations and prepare legislative proposals without cabinet interference so long as the minister's policies are consistent with the Prime Minister's broader guidelines.

Nomination

Every year, the population elects the General Assembly, and subsequently the Prime Minister, after national elections, held the first Sunday of the year. He is then appointed by the President.

Timeline

# Portrait Name Party Took Office Left Office Term Government(s)
1 GenElec2012 Reinhardt.jpg Alexander Reinhardt
(1993)
National 21 January 2009 8 January 2011 1
(/)
2
(2010)
Reinhardt I, Reinhardt II
2 Alvisimw21.jpg Nicolò Alvisi
(1993)
Socialist 8 January 2011 8 January 2012 3
(2011)
Alvisi
3 GenElec2012 Reinhardt.jpg Alexander Reinhardt
(1993)
National 8 January 2012 10 January 2013 4
(2012)
Reinhardt III
4 90px Alex Specter
(1995)
Socialist 10 January 2013 incumbent 5
(2013)
6
(2014)
7
(2015)
Specter I, Specter II, Specter III

See also