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Imperial Parliament of Adammia
|Imperial Parliament of Adammia|
Ruling Council |
House of Citizens
HIM Emperor Adam I |
since 13 April 2013
|Speaker of the House of Citizens||TBA|
Lord Saunders, Storm Party |
since 22 October 2018
|Leader of the Opposition||
Lord Helliker, Liberal-Moderate Party |
since 22 October 2018
|Deputy Prime Minister||
Lord Maude, Labour Party |
since 23 October 2018
HIM Emperor Adam I, Liberal-Moderate Party |
since 1 September 2013
|Last election||13 October 2018|
De jure: White Gold Palace, Imperial City |
De facto: Serkatia
The Imperial Parliament of Adammia is the legislature of the Empire of Adammia. It possesses legislative supremacy over all Adammic provinces, colonies and territories, making Adammia a unitary state. It consists of three principal components: the Emperor-in-Parliament, the Ruling Council and the House of Citizens. The Parliament legislates by passing Acts of Parliament, which must gain the agreement of both houses and the consent of the Monarch. Either house can vote to overturn an Imperial Decree issued by the Monarch. The powers of the Parliament and its constituent parts are defined by the Empire's constitution, the Supreme Directive - specifically by its Sixth Amendment, which came into effect on 1 July 2019. Prior to this, Adammia had a unicameral legislature.
The Ruling Council is the upper house. It is comprised of elected Councilors from each Province, the Duke or Duchess for each province, and the Delegate of the Colonies. The Monarch is the Chair of the Council, though they do not have a vote. The Lord Chancellor is a Vice-Chair, and the Monarch may appoint up to two other members as Vice-Chairs. Whilst the Council has relatively little oversight over the executive Imperial Government, the Council has some exclusive powers of oversight over the Monarchy. It can vote to instigate a Regency if it feels that the Monarch is incapable of ruling (this can be overruled by the Monarch, unless the vote passed with over 80% support), and if the Monarch dies without leaving an Heir, the Council can name a new successor. It meets in-person a minimum of twice per year; its official meeting place is at White Gold Palace in Imperial City, Tytannia, but since late 2017 it has met de-facto in Serkatia.
The House of Citizens is the lower house. It is comprised of a number of Members of Parliament (MPs) who are elected by party-list proportional representation using the D'Hondt method. The number of MPs is proportional to the total Adammic population. The House elects its own presiding Speaker, who can appoint up to two Deputy Speakers. The House of Citizens nominates the Prime Minister from amongst its own members; this means that the executive Imperial Government must have the confidence of the House of Citizens, and that the Prime Minister will usually be the leader of the largest party or coalition within the House. The government does not necessarily need the confidence of the Council, although attaining it would make it easier for the government to pass legislation. The House ordinarily meets online.
The Imperial Government must receive the consent of Parliament in order to levy taxes, spend public money, enter into treaties, or to wage war.
Elections of Councilors (known as local elections) and MPs (general elections) both usually take place once per year. These mark the beginnings and ends of the terms of the legislature. Each term is opened by a State Opening speech, and is closed by a Dissolution speech, both given by the Monarch.
From July 2013 to June 2019, the Ruling Council was the unicameral legislature of Adammia. Desire for constitutional reform, which co-incided with the rise of the anti-establishment Storm Party in late 2018, saw a cross-party summit in February 2019. One of the most vocal complaints was that it was difficult for politicians to remain involved in Adammic politics if they left the Birmingham area, as the Ruling Council always met in-person. Several parties had suggested replacing the Ruling Council with a proportionally-elected online chamber, though the Emperor and his Liberal-Moderate supporters were opposed to replacing the Ruling Council, as it was feared that doing so would dilute the influence of the Provinces - the only places where Adammic law is fully implemented and enforced. A bicameral legislature was suggested by the Emperor, and it quickly achieved cross-party support. A Great Reform Act was passed by the Council in March 2019, and its proposed Sixth Amendment to the Supreme Directive was endorsed by the electorate in a referendum in April. The Imperial Parliament officially came into being on 1 July 2019.