House of Citizens
House of Citizens
of the Empire of Adammia
|X Legislature |
3rd House of Citizens
since 12 October 2020
Sir Alex Waters (de-facto), Independent
since 25 October 2021
The House of Citizens is the lower house of the Imperial Parliament of Adammia. It is comprised of a number of Members of Parliament (MPs) who are elected by party-list proportional representation using the D'Hondt method in a general election held once per year. The number of MPs is proportional to the total Adammic population. The House elects its own presiding Speaker, who can appoint up to two Deputy Speakers.
Like its counterpart, the Ruling Council, the House of Citizens must approve all Acts of Parliament before they can become law, and it has the power to overturn any Imperial Decree. The House of Citizens nominates the Prime Minister from amongst its own members; this means that the executive Imperial Government must have the confidence of the House of Citizens, and that the Prime Minister will usually be the leader of the largest party or coalition within the House. The government does not necessarily need the confidence of the Council, although attaining it would make it easier for the government to pass legislation. The House ordinarily meets online via a private Facebook group.
From July 2013 to June 2019, the Ruling Council was the unicameral legislature of Adammia. Desire for constitutional reform, which co-incided with the rise of the anti-establishment Storm Party in late 2018, saw a cross-party summit in February 2019. One of the most vocal complaints was that it was difficult for politicians to remain involved in Adammic politics if they left the Birmingham area, as the Ruling Council always met in-person. Several parties had suggested replacing the Ruling Council with a proportionally-elected online chamber, though the Emperor and his Liberal-Moderate supporters were opposed to replacing the Ruling Council, as it was feared that doing so would dilute the influence of the Provinces - the only places where Adammic law is fully implemented and enforced. A bicameral legislature was suggested by the Emperor, and it quickly achieved cross-party support. The new, online lower house was named the House of Citizens. A Great Reform Act was passed by the Council in March 2019, and its proposed Sixth Amendment to the Supreme Directive was endorsed by the electorate in a referendum in April. The House officially came into being on 1 July 2019.