House of Citizens (Adammia)
House of Citizens
of the Empire of Adammia
|Founded||1 July 2019|
|Disbanded||4 November 2022|
The House of Citizens was the lower house of the Imperial Parliament of Adammia from July 2019 to November 2022. It was comprised of a number of Members of Parliament (MPs) who were elected by party-list proportional representation using the D'Hondt method in a general election held once per year. The number of MPs was proportional to the total Adammic population. The House elected its own presiding Speaker, who could appoint up to two Deputy Speakers.
Like its counterpart, the Ruling Council, the House of Citizens had to approve all Acts of Parliament before they could become law, and it had the power to overturn any Imperial Decree. The House of Citizens nominated the Prime Minister from amongst its own members; this meant that the executive Imperial Government had to have the confidence of the House of Citizens, and that the Prime Minister would usually be the leader of the largest party or coalition within the House. The House ordinarily met online via a private Facebook group.
From July 2013 to June 2019, the Ruling Council was the unicameral legislature of Adammia. Desire for constitutional reform, which co-incided with the rise of the anti-establishment Storm Party in late 2018, saw a cross-party summit in February 2019. One of the most vocal complaints was that it was difficult for politicians to remain involved in Adammic politics if they left the Birmingham area, as the Ruling Council always met in-person. Several parties had suggested replacing the Ruling Council with a proportionally-elected online chamber, though the Emperor and his Liberal-Moderate supporters were opposed to replacing the Ruling Council, as it was feared that doing so would dilute the influence of the Provinces - the only places where Adammic law is fully implemented and enforced. A bicameral legislature was suggested by the Emperor, and it quickly achieved cross-party support. The new, online lower house was named the House of Citizens. A Great Reform Act was passed by the Council in March 2019, and its proposed Sixth Amendment to the Supreme Directive was endorsed by the electorate in a referendum in April. The House officially came into being on 1 July 2019.
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