Supreme Directive

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The Supreme Directive is the constitution, written by Adam Belcher, of the Empire of Adammia. The first version, the April 2013 Supreme Directive, was written on 16 April 2013. Its first amendment was issued on 2 May 2013. However, due to the poor quality of this Supreme Directive, a new one was written by the Emperor and presented in a press conference on 23 June 2013. A referendum held on 30 June determined that the new Supreme Directive would be adopted, replacing the original and introducing many new concepts. The current version of the Supreme Directive has been amended five times.

Article I

Article I gives a summary of the circumstances under which the Supreme Directive was first enacted, mentioning the result of the June 2013 referendum and how it was valid under the original April 2013 Supreme Directive.

Article II

Article II relates to the Supreme Directive's status as the Empire's fundamental law. Section 1 repeals the majority of the April 2013 Supreme Directive, with the exception of its first line, which declared the establishment of the state; it was considered that repealing this line would technically dissolve the Empire, so it remains in effect. It is also in this section that the document's author, Emperor Adam I, identifies himself, listing his patrilineal line all the way back to George Belcher of Pontefract, born in 1748. Section 2 outlines the procedure by which the Supreme Directive may be amended or suspended; this procedure has been followed with the five constitutional amendment referendums that have taken place since the document was enacted.

Article III

Article III relates to the Empire's status as a sovereign nation. Section 1 sets out the Empire's relationship with its neighbouring macronations (chiefly the United Kingdom), stating that macronational laws should still be upheld even if they contradict the Empire's laws. This section is designed to prevent the Empire's government from carrying out any illegal actions which may attract unwanted attention from the UK, due to the fact that the UK could shut down the Empire with relative ease. Whilst this clause greatly limits the Empire's sovereignty in practical terms, the document later claims that the Empire is sovereign regardless.

Section 2 prohibts the government from interfering with macronational land ownership. This clause was primarily written with Emperor Father Kevin in mind, whom the Emperor lived with at the time it was written; it was considered important that the Empire must have a positive relationship with the Emperor Father and other macronational landowners, as they could greatly limit the Empire's ability to operate if they were not on good terms. The clause acts as an assurance for landowners who are considering offering their property as a new Adammic province, promising them that being part of the Empire will not greatly affect their day-to-day life.

Section 3 is where the Empire actually claims the status of a sovereign state, listing three of the four criteria set out at the Montevideo Convention of 1933: territory, population, and government. It does not mention the fourth requirement, the ability to enter into diplomatic relations with other states.

Article IV

Article IV deals with the status of Adammia's territory and sets out the various kinds of territorial divisions. Section 1 is a general enacting clause which establishes the sovereignty set out in Article III over the territory claimed by treaties of annexation and by primary legislation.

Section 2 outlines the different kinds of territorial division and their roles. Subsection a) defines the Empire as being made up of the Country, the Colonies and the Territories. Subsection b) defines the Country, stating that the Monarch has the power to decide whether a territorial division falls inside the Country or not, depending on whether it could, theoretically, send representatives to the Ruling Council; Emperor Adam I has exercised this power on numerous occasions. Subsection c) defines the Colonies, subsection d) defines the Provinces, subsection e) defines the Territories, subsection f) defines Regions, and subsection g) permits for lower-level subdivisions.

Section 3 deals with jurisdiction. Subsection a) establishes the jurisdiction of the Supreme Directive as applying to the whole Empire. Subsection b) defines the default jurisdiction of primary legislation as only applying to the Provinces, whilst stating that deviations from this default jurisdiction are permissible.

Article V

Article V relates to citizenship of the Empire. Section 1 states that citizens can either be full or honourary.

Section 2 defines full citizenship. Subsection a) outlines the criteria for full citizenship: being a resident of Adammic land who "acknowledges" the Empire's sovereignty, or contributing to the Empire in a "meaningful way". The former criteria is usually strictly followed - there are residents of some Adammic provinces, such as one in Serkatia, who are not citizens because they have no relationship with Adammia and likely have little awareness that it exists; these individuals are sometimes jocularly referred to as "illegal immigrants". The latter criteria was once restricted mostly only to soldiers who had served the Empire in battle; soldiers who were at the Skirmish of Astley Meadow were given full citizenship under this principle. However, there is a long history of full citizenship being granted to people who had not contributed to the Empire much, sometimes being given as a gift by the Emperor to his personal friends; this has become much more prevalent in recent times, often being used as a mechanism to allow interested individuals to be able to join the Ruling Council. Subsection b) subjects full citizens to Adammic law, and subsection c) states that only full citizens count towards the Empire's official population; this is to prevent the Empire's population from being disingenously bloated by a large number of honourary citizens.

Section 3 defines honourary citizenship. Subsection a) defines it as being for individuals living abroad who have "good relations" with the Empire; this is normally interpreted very broadly, and since December 2013 anyone has been able to apply for honourary citizenship via the Empire's national website. Subsection b) clarifies that honourary citizens have no specific rights or responsibilities; this is both an assurance to encourage people to apply for honourary citizenship in the knowledge that it is not a major commitment, whilst also acting as a disclaimer for honourary citizens that they will not be able to vote or exercise other rights held by full citizens.

Section 4 is another important assurance clause, stating that the government may not force any job or role upon a citizen. Besides encouraging people to become citizens by eliminating unexpected commitments, this clause also has the effect of keeping the Empire more "real", preventing the government from appointing people to roles without informing them or other such lazy practices which were common in Emperor Adam I's earlier projects throughout his childhood. The clause has the effect of essentially banning personal taxes in Adammia, as being a taxpayer is considered to be a role; instead, the Ministry of Finance raises funds from citizens through a voluntary Contributions Scheme.

Article VI

Article VI grants special powers to the Founder of Adammia, Emperor Adam I. In Section 1, the Emperor, as the author of the document, grants himself these rights, stating that he shall continue to hold them even he ceases to be Emperor (i.e. after any potential future abdication). Section 2 declares that the powers are irremovable and will terminate with Adam's eventual death. Section 3 defines the first power - the ability to appoint a new Monarch at any point, even if the Founder is no longer the Emperor. This gives Emperor Adam a degree of flexibility, allowing himself to temporarily appoint a new Monarch, and then re-assume the throne himself at a later date. This power has never been used to date. Section 4 defines the second power - the ability to amend the Supreme Directive unilaterally, without calling a referendum. This power was exercised in a sense when the Emperor first proclaimed the April 2013 Supreme Directive (though he did so with the "ratification" of Sir Alex Helliker) and when he enacted its First Amendment. Since then, all changes to the Empire's fundamental law have been done through the usual method of a public referendum.

Generally speaking, the Founder's rights are considered to be emergency powers, to be used if the Empire takes a course which wildly differs from Emperor Adam's original vision for the nation. It is not expected that the powers will be used very much, if at all, throughout Emperor Adam's lifetime.

Article VII

Article VIII

Article IX

Article X

Article XI

Article XII

Article XIII

Amendments

First Amendment

The First Amendment, passed on 16 November 2013, made many changes to the structure of the Ruling Council, altered the provisions for regency, and greatly expanded the list of rights for citizens. It incorporated the system of territory management, nobility and the Office of State into the fundamental law where they had previously only existed in Imperial Decrees or Acts of Council.

Second Amendment

The Second Amendment, passed on 2 August 2015, allowed any member of the Ruling Council (apart from the Monarch and those aged under 12) to run for Prime Minister in National Elections, instead of only Councilors. It also introduced a rule forcing the Office of State to keep all future elections and referendums anonymous. Article IV was completely rewritten to make it more legally watertight, and other sections of the document were also improved on a technical level.

Third Amendment

The Third Amendment, passed on 1 January 2017, rewrote Article XI to allow for future expansion of the judicial system. It also made technical improvements throughout the document.

Fourth Amendment

The Fourth Amendment, passed on 29 October 2017, reduced the minimum term length from six months to one month, and reduced the required number of Ruling Council meetings from one per month to two per year. The tie-breaking extra vote was transferred from the Prime Minister to the Chancellor. Substantial technical improvements were also made.

Original version

The original Supreme Directive was set out as following: The Supreme Directive founded the Empire of Adammia, and declared its Head of State and territory in Article 1. Articles 2 and 3 defined the state's relationship with the outside world - macronational states and landowners. Article 4 created the role of the Emperor, gave a rudimentary overview of the process of deciding new Emperors, and gave the Emperor his basic powers. Article 5 entrenched the document, making it unchangeable except through a public referendum. Article 6 defined the role of citizens, and Article 7 gave them basic rights. Article 8 handled the virtually non-existant judiciary system.

First Amendment

Prior to the first amendment, there were two more articles. Article 9 handled how territory was managed, and Article 10 handled the national symbols. These were repealed so that Imperial Decrees could handle them in more detail. Prior to the first Amendment, the Emperor could amend almost any part of the Supreme Directive, but this was changed to require a public referendum. Also, before the First Amendment, there was no official structure for Imperial Decrees or the Office of the Emperor. Finally, justice was added to the list of rights in the First Amendment.

Signatures

The Supreme Directive is signed by Emperor Adam I, on behalf of the People.