Abeldane federal election, August 2017

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Abeldane federal election, August 2017

Abeldane flag.jpg
2017 III ←
20 - 22 August 2017
→ 2017 V

All 15 + 1 seats in the Reichsversammlung
9 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 93.4% ( 1.6%)
  First party Second party Third party
  Newton U bubble.png Patrick R bubble.png Brandon W bubble.png
Leader Newton von Uberquie Patrick Renwick Brandon Wu
Party Social Ecology Abeldane National Independence
Leader since August 2017 June 2017 June 2017
Leader's seat Satirno Demirelia Teodoria
Last election 9 seats, 24.3%[N 1] 10 seats, 27.0%[N 1] 8 seats, 21.6%[N 1]
Seats won 5 4* 2*
Seat change 4 6 6
Popular vote 15 12 8
Percentage 26.3% 21.0% 14.0%
Swing 2.0 pp[N 2] 6.0 pp[N 2] 7.6 pp[N 2]

Fourth party Fifth party
  Horatio E bubble.png Michael TB bubble.png
Leader Horatio Eden Michael T. Brazeau
Party Rhinoceros Federalist
Leader since August 2017 June 2017
Leader's seat Satirno Alexander
Last election 3 seats, 8.1%[N 1] 2 seats, 5.4%[N 1]
Seats won 2 2 + 1
Seat change 1 1
Popular vote 7 6
Percentage 12.28% 10.53%
Swing 4.18 pp[N 2] 5.1 pp[N 2]

Vorsitzender before election

Patrick Renwick
Abeldane National

Vorsitzender after election

Newton von Uberquie
Social Ecology

The 13th Abeldane federal election (formally the 13th Abeldane general election) took place during the period of the 20th to the 22nd of August 2017, following a decision made by the Reichsregierungskabinett. The date originally described in the Elections and Terms Amendment Act 2017 was 1 September, but considerations were taken into place on the turnout of voters and, after a vote in the Reichsregierungskabinett, was moved to 20th August instead. The election saw Newton von Uberquie and Artemis Berry Langford elected Vorsitzender and Stellvertreter of Abelden.

This election marks the first contested legislative elections in the Empire following the enactment of Elections and Terms Amendment Act 2017 and Electoral System Act, which defined on how Members of the Reichsversammlung should be chosen and how the election works. The seats of the Reichsversammlung were also reduced in order to allow for contested districts.

Background

The August 2017 will be the first legislative election in Abelden since October 2016, after which elections to the Reichsversammlung were abolished in favor of direct appointment by the Emperor. They were originally set to take place in September 2017, but were rescheduled by the Reichsregierungskabinett.

The first party to hold primaries was the Federalist Party, on 30 June, in which Benjamin Norris and James Frisch were nominated as Vorsitzender and Stellvertreter candidates, respectively. From 21 to 29 July, the Social Ecology Party (SEPA) held its nomination process, which concluded with party leader Newton von Uberquie and Queen of St. Castle Artemis Langford as its candidates for Vorsitzender and Stellvertreter.

In late July, a conversation between several key figures of the Empire discussed on how inactivity would grow into the coming school year of both Europe and American Abelden citizens. It was later motioned on the 2nd of August, and was approved on midnight of the 3rd of August. Which the set the election date for the 20th of August. On the same day of the motion passing, the Social Ecology Party released a manifesto

Brandon Wu has been the Vorsitzender candidate for the the Independence Party of Abelden in presumptive fashion since August 3, and Avro Keatings has also been presumed to be the IPA's Stellvertreter candidate, though the party is yet to confirm either candidates. On 8 August, Edwin Farrar announced he would not be running for Vorsitzender, and confirmed the Labour Party's support for SEPA's candidates.

Electoral system

Composition of the Reichsversammlung running up to the August 2017 election.

For the first time in Abeldane history, the August 2017 election implemented the single transferable vote (STV) system of proportional representation for seats of the Reichsversammlung, as per the Electoral System Act adopted in July 2017. MPs were elected from five electoral districts that encompassed two or more federal states and had a similar number of electors. Each district sends 3 MPs to the Reichsversammlung, for a total of 15 MPs. The Reichsversammlung with 15 elected members was a considerable change from the 37-strong Parliament currently in place.

Additionally, the positions of Vorsitzender and Stellvertreter were elected with the single-member analogue to STV: instant-runoff voting, which also employs ranking as a form of vote.

Campaign and candidates

Abeldane National Party

Logo of the ANP.

Patrick Renwick announced on 2 August 2017 that he had no plans on running for a fifth term as Vorsitzender after the rescheduling of the elections. The ANP did not not forward any candidates for Vorsitzender in Renwick's stead, and didn't nonimate any Stellvertreter candidates either, instead standing solely in the legislative elections. Nick Kaos, Alex White, Isabelle Dominique and Renwick himself were the party's contenders for seats in the Reichsversammlung.

Independence

The Independence Party (IPA) nominated Brandon Wu (the party's provisional leader following Henry Twain's resignation) and Grand Duke of Dolangrad Isaac Reuel as their candidates for Vorsitzender and Stellvertreter. It was widely speculated that incumbent Stellvertreter Avro Keatings would be nominated for a second term, but the federal monarch was chosen instead when the party's manifesto was released. On 10 August, Patrick Renwick announced his party's endorsement of Wu in the Vorsitzender race.

Social Ecology and Labour/ASE

Logo of Abeldane Social Ecology - The Green Labour Party.
Logo of the Labour Party of Abelden, which merged with SEPA to form ASE on 9 August 2017.

On 3 August 2017, the Social Ecology Party (SEPA) released its manifesto - being the first party to do so - which announced plans to create a haven of free thought within Abelden.[1] SEPA announced all of its candidates for the Reichversammlung shortly thereafter, including both party leader Newton von Uberquie and Stellvertreter candidate Artemis Langford in the same district. David Ross and Mark Kavanah completed their list in District 2.

On on 8 August 2017, the leader of the Labour Party, Edwin Farrar, stood down from the Vorsitzender race, later confirming that his party would be supporting all of SEPA'S candidates instead. The day later, on 9 August, SEPA and the Labour Party officially merged to become Abeldane Social Ecology, a unified party of the left. Subsequently, an internal election for General Secretary began, which was eventually won by former Labour MP Tarik Kârjasary. Kârjasary and Farrar became part of SEPA's (now ASE) candidates, giving the new party representation in every district but 3 and 4.

On 10 August, Patrick Renwick announced his party's endorsement of Langford in the Stellvertreter race. In the Vorsitzender race, however, the ANP decided to back the IPA's Wu instead of the ASE's von Uberquie.

Federalist

The Federalist Party nomination for Vorsitzender was given out multiple times; first, it was granted to Benjamin Norris, who subsequently gave up the nomination citing a lack of popular support for either himself or former Federalist Vorsitzender nominee and party leader, Michael Brazeau. The nomination, after revocation by Norris, was granted to Edward Daniels, who later announced his resignation from micronationalism. Michael Brazeau was the presumptive Vorsitzender nominee for the party until 19 August, when he dropped out of the race to endorse the Rhinoceros Party's Horatio Eden.

The Federalist Party also nominated James Reginald Frisch as Stellvertreter. Frisch has complained repeatedly about a lack of consultation from the party leadership over the party's nominee for the Vorsitzendership.

RPA

Logo of the Rhinoceros Party of Abelden.

The Rhinoceros Party of Abelden nominated former Vorsitzender Horatio Eden as their party's Vorsitzender nominee on the 8th of August, 2017. Eden confirmed that the party would release a "statement of intent" by the 10th of August. The RPA manifesto ended up being the largest and most detailed legislative agenda in the election, and possibly in Abeldane history. Despite previously being a member of the Independence Party, Eden became the Rhinoceros' leader after sensing the IPA was a party "in a death spiral toward stagnation".[2]

Eden eventually endorsed James Frisch in the Stellvertreter race, while Michael T. Brazeau endorsed Eden after stepping down from the Vorsitzender race. This led to speculation about a possible Rhinoceros-Federalist coalition should Eden and Frisch won their respective races.

Posters

Opinion polls

Vorsitzender

Pollster Release Sample Uberquie
ASE
Wu
IPA
Eden
RPA
Brazeau
FP
Farrar
LP
Other Lead
L'Sydunche 3-8-2017 12 50% 40% N/A 10%a N/A - 10%
L'Sydunche 5-8-2017 12 40% 40% 20%a - Tie
L'Sydunche 6-8-2017 12 46% 36% 18%a - 10%
L'Sydunche 7-8-2017 12 46% 39% 15%a - 7%
L'Sydunche 8-8-2017 29 48% 35% 14%a 3% - 13%
SEPA merges with the Labour Party to form ASE and Michael Brazeau becomes presumptive Federalist nominee (9 August)
Daily Micronational 9-8-2017 11 64.6% 0% 36.4% 0% N/A - 28.2%
GGSI 10-8-2017 13 53.8% 15.4% 23.1% 7.7% - 30.7%
GGSI 13-8-2017 12 58.3% 16.7% 8.3% 16.7% - 41.6%
Quo Times 13-8-2017 14 54.5% 27.3% 9.1% 9.1% - 27.2%
GGSI 14-8-2017 12 58.3% 16.7% 16.7% 8.3% - 41.7%
TID 18-8-2017 13 61.5% 7.7% 23.1% 7.7% - 38.4%
  • ✝: stepped down before election.
  • Italics indicate presumptive candidate.
  • a This poll had Benjamin Norris as the IPA's presumtive Vorsitzender candidate.

Stellvertreter

Pollster Release Sample Langford
ASE
Reuel
IPA
Frisch
FP
Kârjasary
LP
Other Lead
L'Sydunche 3-8-2017 12 50% 10%a 40% N/A - 10%
L'Sydunche 6-8-2017 12 46.2% 7.7%a 46.2% - Tie
L'Sydunche 7-8-2017 12 47.1% 2%a 41.2% 2% - 5.9%
L'Sydunche 8-8-2017 29 48.3% 3.4%a 41.4% 6.9% - 6.9%
SEPA merges with the Labour Party to form ASE (9 August)
Daily Micronational 9-8-2017 11 63.6% 9.1%a 27.3% N/A - 36.3%
GGSI 10-8-2017 13 61.5% 15.4%a 23.1% - 38.4%
Isaac Reuel becomes IPA's Stellvertreter candidate (12 August)
GGSI 13-8-2017 13 66.7% 8.3% 25% N/A - 38.4%
Quo Times 13-8-2017 14 63.6% 18.2% 18.2% - 45.4%
GGSI 14-8-2017 12 66.7% 8.3% 25% - 41.7%
TID 18-8-2017 13 61.5% 15.4% 23.1% - 38.4%
  • Italics indicate presumptive candidate.
  • a This poll had Avro Keatings as the IPA's presumtive Stellvertreter candidate.

Legislative

Pollster Release Sample ANP ASE IPA RPA FP Other Lead
GGSI 11-8-2017 13 N/A 53.8% 15.4% 15.4% 7.7% - 38.4%
Quo Times 13-8-2017 14 27.3% 54.5% 27.3% 18.2% 9.1% - 27.2%
GGSI 14-8-2017 12 16.7% 50% 8.3% 16.7% 8.3% - 33.3%
TID 18-8-2017 13 23.1% 38.5% 7.7% 23.1% 7.7% - 15.4%

Results

Legislative

Legislative elections were held on 20 August 2017 and allowed 15 seats in the Reichsversammlung to be elected using single transferable vote. The Reichsversammlung Seats Act 2017 was passed on 21 August 2017 and allowed the creation of 1 appointed seat by the Monarch and an automatic seat for the Emperor. On the same day, James Reginald Frisch was appointed to the 1 lone seat by the Emperor and gave the Federalist Party a gain of 1 seat.

Party Leader Votes % Seats +/–
Abeldane Social Ecology Newton von Uberquie 15 26.31% 5 4
Abeldane National Party Patrick Renwick 12 21.05% 4*[N 3] 8
Independence Party Henry Twain 8 14.04% 2*[N 4] 6
The Emperor seeking reelection Stephen I & II 7 12.28% 1[N 3]
Rhinoceros Party Horatio Eden 7 12.28% 2 1
Federalist Party Michael Thomas Brazeau 6 10.53% 2 + 1 1
Popular Vote
Abeldane Social Ecology
  
26.31%
Abeldane National
  
21.05%
Independence
  
14.04%
The Emperor
  
12.28%
Rhinoceros
  
12.28%
Federalist
  
10.53%
Invalid
  
3.51%
Reichsversammlung Seats
Abeldane Social Ecology
  
29.41%
Abeldane National
  
23.52%
Federalist
  
17.64%
Independence
  
11.76%
Rhinoceros
  
11.76%
The Emperor
  
5.88%

Elected members

District Elected MP Party State
District 1 Stephen I & II[N 3] The Emperor seeking reelection Alenshka
Nick Kaos ANP Alenshka
Tarik Kârjasary ASE Rai
District 2 Edwin Farrar ASE Morgannwg
David Ross ASE Foesterlingen
Damian Billbrough FP Morgannwg
District 3 Patrick Renwick ANP Demirelia
Michael Thomas Brazeau FP Alexander
Max Pollack RPA Alexander
District 4 Isaac Reuel IPA Dolangrad
Henry Twain[N 4] IPA Teodoria
Brandon Wu IPA Teodoria
District 5 Artemis Langford ASE St. Castle
Newton von Uberquie ASE Satirno
Horatio Eden RPA Satirno

Vorsitzender

Abeldane executive election, August 2017

Abeldane flag.jpg
22 August 2017
→ Next

Turnout 93.44% (2.3 pp)
  Newton U bubble.png Horatio E bubble.png Brandon W bubble.png
Nominee Newton von Uberquie Horatio Eden Brandon Wu
Party Social Ecology Rhinoceros Independence
Running mate Artemis Langford James Frisch Isaac Reuel
Popular vote 28 19 10
Percentage 48.28% 32.76% 17.24%

Vorsitzender before election

Patrick Renwick
Abeldane National

Vorsitzender after election

Newton von Uberquie
Social Ecology

The election for Vorsitzender took place two days after the legislative vote, on 22 August 2017. It will use the instant-runoff voting system, which employs ranking as a form of vote. This was the first executive election in Abeldane history to employ this method.

The leader of Abeldane Social Ecology, Newton von Uberquie, won the election with 48.28% of the vote, beating the Rhinoceros Party's Horatio Eden (32.76%) and the Independence Party's Brandon Wu (17.24%).

Since Uberquie received over 45% of the first preference votes and ranked over 10% percentage points above the next candidate with the most first preference votes (Eden), the ASE candidate was elected on the first count.

Party Candidate Results
1st pref %
Abeldane Social Ecology Newton von Uberquie 28 48.28%
Rhinoceros Party of Abelden Horatio Eden 19 32.76%
Independence Party of Abelden Brandon Wu 10 17.24%
Invalid/blank votes 1
Total 57 100
Registered voters/turnout 61 93.44%
Source: Reichswahlkommission Official Statement - Abeldane elections August 2017

Stellvertreter

Party Candidate Count
% 1st pref 1 2
Abeldane Social Ecology Artemis Langford 43.86% 25 30
Federalist Party of Abelden James R. Frisch 36.84% 21 25
Independence Party of Abelden Isaac Reuel 17.54% 10
Invalid/blank votes 1
Total 56 100
Registered voters/turnout 61 91.80%
Source: Reichswahlkommission Official Statement - Abeldane elections August 2017

Aftermath and government formation

Composition of the 7th Reichsversammlung.

Following the election, the lame duck 6th Reichsversammlung passed the Reichsversammlung Seats Act 2017, which gave the Emperor a reserved, unelected seat in the legislature and the power to appoint a hand-picked MP. Once the Emperor took his new special seat, his vacancy in District 1 was filled by Alex White of the ANP, despite the RPA's Allen Paul being the fourth most-voted candidate. Paul refused the offer to take the seat following his decision to form a state legislature in his home state of Alenshka. The Emperor's pick for the appointed MP was James Frisch, who had lost in the race for a seat in District 5.

On 23 August 2017, von Uberquie and the Emperor unveiled the 26th ministry of the Abeldane Empire, a three-party coalition of the ASE, the IPA and the ANP. Von Uberquie commented, of the coalition: "[it] had been in the works since the last cabinet, as our parties already had a vested interest in working together again [...] It was lucky that our partners seemed to agree with the ASE that our more active party would fare better as the primary contributor to Ministries."[3]

On 25 August, Horatio Eden of the RPA was named Leader of the Opposition by the Emperor, succeeding Michael Thomas Brazeau of the FP, who had been in the position since 6 June 2017.

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 The sitting Reichsversammlung before the August 2017 election had been appointed by the Monarch, and was not subjected to universal suffrage.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 The percentage points shown here are in relation to the percentage of appointed seats in the previous, unelected, Reichsversammlung.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 The Reichsversammlung Seats Act 2017, approved on 22 August, gave the Emperor an unelected seat in the Reichsversammlung, which upon being taken, left a vacant seat in District 1. This vacant seat was ultimately assumed by the fifth most-voted candidate in the district, Alex White of the ANP.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Henry Twain relinquished his Abeldane citizenship on August 21, and thus lost his seat. The next most voted candidate in District 4, Nuri van Dijk of the Abeldane National Party, took his seat.

References

  1. Von Uberquie, Newton. Manifesto of 2017. The Social Ecology Party of Abelden. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  2. Kârjasary, Tarik. "Abeldane elections: What do the candidates stand for?" The SiV Phonograph. 21 August 2017. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  3. Freayth, Stephen. "ASE forms coalition government with ANP and IPA" L'Sydunche. 25 August 2017. Retrieved 29 August 2017.