History of Sabia and Verona

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This article refers to the history of Sabia and Verona from the Pre-Columbian settlers that inhabited the Valtir, to the establishment of Spanish colonies to the foundation of the first Micronation in its territory and present state of the Kingdom of Sabia and Verona.

Though information on Pre-Columbian settlers before the arrival of the Spanish is sparse, it's widely accepted that the area that is now the Valtir was once inhabited by indigenous tribes of the Timoto–Cuica people. The first Spanish settlement in this area was established on 9 October 1558 by Juan Rodríguez Suárez during one of the Pamplonian mining expeditions he led. The first settlement of the area was not the current one of Mérida but 30 kilometres (19 miles) to the south, in Xamú, where today stands the community of Lagunillas, Sucre Municipality. Nevertheless, in November 1559, Juan de Maldonado moved the settlement to nearby El Punto (presently the Zumba area), because of constant confrontations with the natives. The establishment of the University of the Andes in Mérida led to the exponential growth of the city in the XX and XXI centuries.

In 2011 the first micronation in the area was founded: the Cizlandeese Republic, which soon became the Cizlandeese Empire. Tarik Kârjasary, leader of these micronations, led a diverse range of short-lived micronational states throughout 2011 and 2012, which would be known as the Garrshirian micronations. In October 2012 the Kingdom of Sabia and Verona was founded, and the Garrshirian sector achieved relative stability. Today, Sabia and Verona stands as the sector's most long-lasting and stable micronation to date, and it's one of the most active micronations in the South American continent.

For a detailed summary of the history of the Garrshirian sector, see Valtir Sector.

Foundation

Treteté flag waving in Alcabala on 20 October 2012 after the official foundation of Sabia and Verona.

Sabia and Verona surged as an idea after the separation of the Colony of Listva from the Empire of Würdigeland, and soon proposals of a new overseas territory joining the Kingdom of Juclandia arose in the Juclandian legislative bodies. In the meantime, Sabia and Verona began an organizational plan that included censuses, legislative arrangements, local elections and territorial divisions. The first meeting of the Courts of Sabia and Verona, the regional parliament happened on 18 October 2012, when all 20 members of the Courts met in Saint Enric (the newly elected capital) to discuss the issues of joining Juclandia and the new Sabioveronese entity, inter alia. The development of Sabioveronese media, the Juclandia-Sabia and Verona interaction and other topics were yet to be deepth.

On 20 October 2012, Juclandian legislative bodies accepted Sabia and Verona as an overseas territory and the King passed the respective law approving so. The treteté flag was raised in the city of Alcabala and the Local Government declared 20 October to be a national holiday[1]

The Socialist–Unity power struggle

Early politics of the Sabioveronese self-rule

On 26 October 2012, the SDCP and PCJ factions in Sabia and Verona (which formed the SiV People's Movement) formed a new political party, the Sabioveronese Socialist Party or Sahoedang, a left-wing[2] party headed by Napoléon Bleuberrie and Pomme-Gabrielle Gauvier. The foundation of the subordinate party represented a step further into the political self-control of Sabia and Verona. The Sahoedang became a strong political entity in Sabia and Verona, if not the strongest. Leading its way into being the most supported political party in the region, the Sahoedang became a cultural icon, representing Sabia and Verona's regionalist identity.

On 14 November 2012, the Unity Party was founded to represent all Juclandian non-aligned opposition parties, becoming the second Sabioveronese party and the main political opposition to the Sahoedang. Soon the Sabian Nationalist Movement would join the factions of the Unity Party and become a stronger identity. Sabian language is officially adopted by the party.

From left to right: Gold, Casablanca and Blackhorse, mugshots at Saint Enric penitentitary

In December 2012, skirmishes began with three "rebel" leaders declaring themselves "Kings" of different areas of the Kingdom. Albert Gold, "King of the Highlands"; Leandro Casablanca, "King of the Riverlands" and Andrew Blackhorse "King in the East" were detained and the indulgence was controlled by government officials. Motivated by the lack of proper strength exhibited during the insurgencies by the Sabioveronese government, King Ciprian ordered the creation of a military force in Sabia and Verona, the Land Army of Sabia and Verona. The new military force's headquarters are located in Alcabala. This new army, working jointly with the Gendarmería Regional, managed to tie the Three King Movement with Unity Party members, that were arrested on 6 December 2012[3].

On 13 December 2012, the Courts of Sabia and Verona passed, by a majority of votes, the bill #016 of the Legislative Courts entitled "Language reform", that outlawed the official use of Korean and Spanish languages and adopted the Sabian language as only official language within the territories of Sabia and Verona[4]. This mass adoption of Sabian language appeared to please the Sabioveronese people, as street signs and non-official allegories to the Korean language were removed and eventually replaced by Sabian language ones[4]. The Sahoedang party adopted a Sabian name and became the CM.

On 16 December 2012, the Socialist Party and the Unity Party signed the Karasal Treaty, a peace agreement where both counterparts agree to maintain peace between each other and the region, and commit to help the democratic progress of Sabia and Verona in stability and equality[4]. The treaty, along with the People's Government help, served as base for the creation of the Regional Committee for Democracy and Stability in Sabia and Verona, also known as the Karasal Committee (which would later become the Commission for the Preservation of Democracy). The signing of the treaty and the foundation of the Karasal Committee would be the bases of the Sabioveronese democracy. To celebrate the signing of the treaty and the existence of it, the People's Government of Sabia and Verona commissioned the Music Academy of Saint Enric with the creation of a new anthem for Sabia and Verona[4], an anthem that represented the region's hopes for peace and equality in democracy. The final result was Ryəmoništa, a Sabian word traduced merely as "harmony". The anthem was approved by the Governor of Sabia and Verona and later the Legislative Courts.

Movement towards democracy

Sabia and Verona held its first official elections on 23 December 2012. Socialists and Conservatives meet with the two candidates for Premiership, Napoléon Bleuberrie, going for the next six months period; and Osez Kóvérsz, that had just emerged from local politics as Mayor of Caenia. Against all the odds, Kóvérsz and the Unity Party win the election with 67.4% of the votes[5]. The historical results defined a new era and proved the benefits of the Karasal Treaty in Sabian politics. Kóvérsz and his cabinet took office in January 2013.

During Kóvérsz' office, several reforms were introduced both in governmental aspects and sociocultural aspects. The new Prime Minister adopted a mixed cabinet, with members of both Unity and Socialist parties. A process of "de-Bleuberrismization" begins to take place, and Socialist government propaganda is eliminated. A new party, the Free Suyu Front is welcomed by the Courts after being considered a terrorist movement, causing the Schubert-Moss controversy[6] and it soon joins Kóvérsz' cabinet as well. Relations with Lycem strengthen and the Lycene Golden Cıjk is unofficially adopted. Towards the 5th month anniversary of Sabia as a Juclandian overseas territory, Kóvérsz commands the creation of a navy for the Sabioveronese military[7]. 9 ships are built and become the People's Navy of Sabia and Verona, with Noa Dargany as Admiral. Reaching its 6th month of existence, the capital city of Saint Enric passed to be named Salisse, in honour to the loyal duchy of the Holy Dussesh Empire. Verona's five municipalities are reorganized to become only two, Tegula and Abrelia. The population of Verona increases as Sabians from Salisse and Caenia migrate west, and a new system of municipality association is adopted to balance the populance within the region. In the third census of April 2013, the Sabioveronese population had increased from 44 to over 70.

On 20 April Tarek Kârjasary's term as Governor of Sabia and Verona concludes and Isadora Annenak enters office. The Strawberry Party was founded by Kârjasary after a long time of planning. As well in early May, after protests and disturbances the neo-fascist[8] Righteous Faith League was founded by Hans Starlynn to oppose the socialist communities of Salisse[8]. Starlynn would later be endorsed by Siroccan Premier Daniel Anderson[9].

Bleuberrist propaganda for the May 2013 election.

During this term the Pashqari people of Verona began to be heard of, and got involved into politics by protesting the government's lack of inclusive policies, striking and eventually forming their own political branch to represent their minority's interests. The Pashqari People's Party, leaded by Rhaegal Marlaryen is thought to be the first political party representing a minority in Juclandia. The PMM would unsuccessfully seek support within the Legislative Courts, hoping to make the Pashqar language official alongside Sabian. However, the language is only recognised officially in Tegula[10] and by scholars at the University of Elinore, some of whom would later join the PMM in support of the Pashqari people.

Ann Stefanović won the September 2014 elections and successfuly broke the hegemony of the Socialist and Unity parties.

Return of Bleuberrie to power and Stefanović

In the May 2013 general election, four parties with four different candidates meet in what was the largest electoral strife in the region. Among the candidates, the Socialist Party had nominated Bleuberrie. On 20 May 2013, Napoléon Bleuberrie and the Socialist Party win with 31.8% of the votes, carrying Salisse and Aguasblancas. He and his second cabinet took office in June 2013.

Bleuberrie and his cabinet, this time one with mixed parties took office on 1 June 2013. The strategies employed by the Socialist Party during Bleuberrie's first term can no longer be applied mainly due to the large amounts of political parties that had evolved during the Kóvérsz administration and the diversification of opinions within the region. This time, Bleuberrie promises to follow the convictions of the Karasal Treaty and maintain the democratic proceses of the region. Despite this, on 25 July 2013, Bleuberrie dissolves the Karasal Council and the Legislative Courts and takes over the Lirvetta Enə in Salisse with a group of bleuberrist high-rank military officers, including Boris Tovinski and Timothy Lawrence[11]. Bleuberrie's control of the Legislative Palace was little and soon he fled to Elinore in order to establish talks with Prime Minister of Juclandia Teddy Populescu and King Ciprian. While establishing his grounds with the Prime Minister, the Lirvetta Enə was recovered by the loyalist Air Force and Bleuberrie was arrested in Alcabala[11]. Gen. Rubén Hernández assumes the office of Prime Minister temporarely. Intermicronational reactions were varied, ranging from discontent for the end of Bleuberrie's government to criticism regarding instability. In the September 2013 general election, Osez Kóvérsz and Ann Stefanović of the PA – NT meet, only to have Stefanović win the election with 75% of the general vote. Her cabinet takes office on 1 October 2013. In late October 2013, the Courts of Sabia and Verona approved a new bill redrawing the Sabioveronese limits and inner divisions, and adding a new municipality, the North Sabia United Territory (Áko Sâbia Souxârik Territóriâta, ÄCCT). The reorganization of Sabioveronese claims represented a significant loss of claimed territory, Sabia and Verona now counting with 0,13 km2 of land over the 0,22 km2 previously claimed.

The Isadoran era

Queen Isadora began her reign on 23 February 2014. Crowned later on April of the same year, her reign was known as the Isadoran era and has represented a great set of reforms throughout all of the nation.

On 1 February 2014, the Juclandian newspaper Scânteia announced the changes and reforms that the Governments of Juclandia had intentions to make since late 2013: the creation of the Federal Union of Juclandian Lands. The introduction of a new Federal system that gave more autonomy to each of the Juclandian territories (both provinces of the mainland and overseas territories) allowed Sabia and Verona to choose between a monarchy of its own or a devolved monarchy like it had been before, with the King of Juclandia as Sabioveronese monarch. The Courts of Sabia and Verona opted for an autonomous Sabioveronese monarchy. Former Governor Isadora of Annenak would be elected by the Sabioveronese federal citizenry as Queen, and she was declared Queen Regnant on 23 February 2014, when the Federation became the official successor of the Kingdom of Juclandia. Lycem also became part of Sabia and Verona, becoming the third region to the east. On 27 February 2014, the Senate of Sabia and Verona, the new upper house of the Courts, voted in favour of making Jason Momoa the patron saint of Sabia and Verona, as was promised by Stefanović earlier in her campaign[12].

On 20 March 2014 the fourth general elections in Sabia and Verona were held. Left Alliance candidate Léon Galieri wins the election, and assumes office on 1 April 2014 alongside his new cabinet and the first Chamber of Deputies. On August 2014 the internal subdivisions of the entire Kingdom were rearranged and the Municipalities became "Prefectures". Caenia and Elinore were merged into the Elinore Prefecture and several cities changed their territorial overlords. On 3 September 2014 aś-Aıśok Myasādaelosak, a 15 ft. tall Phanera tree in Pēlyonarīn Tenmeı, Elynor Loś, Elinore had to be cut off and removed in order to protect the nearby structures due to the tree's invasive roots[13]. The tree had been an important asset of Sabia and Verona's popular culture and was mourned by many in the Kingdom[13].

At the September 2014, Unity's Bertrand Rivière was elected as Prime Minister. Rivière became the Unity Party's second Prime Minister and the the sixth provincial head of government of Sabia and Verona on 1 October 2014[14].

Rivière and the Aishayerovê

PM Bertrand Rivière took office on 1 October 2014, alongside a new Cabinet and a new set of provincial legislators. That same day, following Rivière's opening ceremony, the new Chamber of Deputies met for the first time at the Lirvetta Enâ in Salisse. The meeting has been dubbed as the "Aishayerovê" ("Great Assembly"), as during its duration of three hours a large number of laws and reforms were passed and discussed among the new legislators, and the discussions held there would change the shape of Sabia and Verona. Several amendments were made to the Constitution, which required the approval of the Senate and the Queen herself.

Some of the reforms implemented during the Aishayerovê were the introduction of a new peerage system, the division of the Senate into the Eidêvân and the Naídêvân, the adoption of Sabian names for most governmental institutions (which would be reflected in the English language also), the reclamation of the Sournêliádin Gardens and the Eastern Lands into the TANSUX, the adoption of new national symbols (a new anthem and the dogashemon), the nationaliation of the Church of the Pahun and the disestablishment of the Royal Navy.

By mid-2015 the legislative power of Sabia and Verona was completely inactive, and the system that had been adopted at the Aishayerovê had proven to be a failure in praxis. By June 2015 the Ayerovê had met three times, Council of Elders had met once and the Council of Nobles had not met once. Since the judicial power in Sabia and Verona was directly dependent to the Legislative Courts, two of Sabia and Verona's three political powers had been frozen for months. In 12 July 2015 Rivière met with the Lt. Secretaries of the Sabioveronese prefectures and after obtaining approval from the Queen, effectively dissolved the Sabioveronese legislature. Although the move was not precisely constitutional, Rivière defended the decision by saying the 2014 constitution had not foreseen a scenario in which the legislature could render itself deedless. A popular referendum to elect a new leader in the nation was organized, and though the turnout was considerably low (at 64%), it was recognized as legitimate by the Crown. Rivière was elected to become High Commissioner of Sabia and Verona as an interim head of state. Rivière's cabinet became a transitional council in the meantime. Sabioveronese authorities called the act the "official fall into inactivity", admitting the problem had been a reality for months.

Haronos and the Congress in Salisse

Participants of the Congress in Salisse. From left to right: H. Cerwyn, Kóvérsz, Galieri, A. Cerwyn, Schubert-Moss, Rivière, Jens, Müller, Bleuberrie, Boulin and Xiongmao.

As the economic and social situation in Venezuela worsened, Sabia and Verona suffered the side effects of being enclaved and almost entirely dependent on the South American country. The Haronos Plan was devised as a result of this. Named after the mythological figure of Charon, Haronos was presented as an initiative to allow Sabioveronese provincial citizens to emigrate to Argentina to form a community outside the Valtir. Haronos consisted of two stages: Haronos I, which was executed between August 24 and August 25, and Haronos II, which would be executed between September and October. Participants of Haronos I would get to Buenos Aires directly by plane and would decide whether to carry on with either of the plan's proposed outcomes: Kapakoxouny ("Horizons") and Jarâman ("Freedom"). Kapakoxouny proposed establishing a new settlement which would serve as Sabia and Verona's new capital, from which the entire nation would be administered; Jarâman proposed establishing a completely new state, independent from Sabia and Verona but still a province of the FUJL. Participants of Haronos II would get to Buenos Aires by land, crossing South America through the Transandean Highway. The division of the plan into two stages was due to the limited capacity of provincial citizens that could be carried in each travel. Over 20% of the Sabioveronese provincial population became part of Haronos I, as much as could be transported from the Valtir to Argentina in the direct flight[15]. Politicians and Salissians were given top-priority in Haronos I.

Fearing for the state in which the Kingdom would be left once the plan was executed, Rivière summoned the Sabioveronese people to the Congress in Salisse. The congress was a public meeting of important political leaders of the region, including the Left Alliance's Bleuberrie, Léon Galieri, Ülla F. Müller and Snø Jens, Unity's Osez Kóvérsz, Dimeros Grenouille and Mei Xiongmao, Convergence and Amity's Étienne Boulin, Apollo and Hidram Cerwyn, and Rivière himself. The congress was held on August 16 in Salisse, which gave it its name. Many of these political figures were involved in Haronos I, and some in Haronos II. Two main objectives were set for the congress: deciding what the fate of the Sabioveronese state would be and and writing a new constitution if needed. It was decided a new constitution would be written and it would be adopted in case Kapakoxouny was carried out. In the event of Jarâman being executed instead, some minor reforms to the 2014 constitution would be enacted instead. The new constitution, written from August 15 to August 20, was initially known as the "Konstitutsios reporas", the "Just-in-case Constitution".

However the overwhelming reality was that Kapakoxouny would be executed, as the cultural, social and economic consequences of executing Jarâman were too radical compared to those of Kapakoxouny, and there was a general reluctance from the Sabioveronese people to create a new state, as this could be potentially seen in a negative light, due to the sector's past instability. By the time the Congress at Salisse had ended it was already widely accepted Kapakoxouny would be chosen over Jarâman, and the next day on August 17, during a visit to Salisse Queen Isadora signed an Instrument of Abdication (Érianos Metavrosann) which was to come into effect on 23 August 2015, on the 18 month anniversary of her reign. The Instrument was signed in face of the complications of having the ruling monarch live 4800 miles away from the country's administrative centre, one of the reasons Isadora was crowned in the first place: to replace King Ciprian who had ruled from Juclandia. Rivière, as the leader of all of Sabia and Verona at the time in his capacity as Prime Minister (the office of Governor of Sabia and Verona and the Legislative Courts dissolved since late July), had the option of upholding Isadora's abdication or disregarding it if Jarâman was indeed carried out.

Rivière upheld Isadora's Instrument of Abdication, and on 23 August, Tarek Kârjasary was crowned the new King of the Valtirians by lack of any other suitable electors. On 25 August, Haronos I was executed, and as it had been foreseen, Kapakoxouky was carried out. The newly founded city of Alios became the new capital of Sabia and Verona, and the "Just-in-case" constitution became the new official constitution of Sabia and Verona. The National Artists' Guild was founded, and soon became the majority party in Alios and as such the main political party in Sabia and Verona due to the new constitution's concessions.

References