Parliament of Sabia and Verona

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Parliament of Sabia and Verona
atanoián sabiann veronarra
4th Parliament
National Arms of Sabia and Verona.png
Type
Type
Unicameral
Term limits
1 year
History
Founded October 1, 2015 (2015-10-01)
Preceded by The Courts
Leadership
President
Dímeros Grenouille, Liberal
since 28 May 2018
Vice President
Harmê Bertram de Asra, Artist
since 28 May 2018
Noa DarganyLiberal
since 22 May 2017
Opposition Leader
Apollo CerwynDemocrat
since 22 May 2017
Structure
Seats 20 MPs
Political groups
Government

Confidence and supply

Opposition

Elections
Party-list proportional representation
D'Hondt method
Last election
20 May 2018
Next election
On or before 20 May 2019
Meeting place
Darmosari District
Alios
Sabia and Verona
National Arms of Sabia and Verona.png
This article is part of the series
Politics and government
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The Parliament of Sabia and Verona (Sabian: atanói sabiann veronarra; lit. "Assembly of Sabia and Verona") is the legislative body of the Kingdom of Sabia and Verona. Formed in 2015 following the adoption of a new constitution, the Parliament replaced the old bicameral Courts of Sabia and Verona as the nation's legislature. Much of the Parliament's structure, powers and procedure was changed by the Constitution of 2017.

The Parliament is composed of representatives elected from multi-member districts in the Southern Territories, which unlike the self-governing Northern Territories are directly administered by the central government. The authority of the Parliament, however, is still in force in the Northern Territories and the legislature can topple any law passed by the Northern regions' Legislative Assemblies. In this sense, the Parliament represents only a portion of Sabia and Verona's population but still has say over the entire Kingdom.

Since 2017, the Sabioveronese Parliament has used a party-list proportional representation system with two multi-member legislative districts corresponding to the geographical boundaries of the City of Alios and the Gonn Region, the two administrative regions of Metropolitan SiV.

History

See also: History of Sabia and Verona

When Sabia and Verona was founded in 2012, the established legislature of the Kingdom was known as the Courts. The Courts were traditionally made up of twenty members, headed by the Prime Minister, who would both as the Kingdom's legislature as well as the judiciary.[1] Although the judicial functions of the Courts were granted to the Commission for the Preservation of Democracy after the signature of the Karasal Treaty.[2] The organization of the Courts remained more or less untouched until the adoption of the 2014 constitution, which turned the unicameral Courts into a bicameral legislature composed of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies.[3] These were later renamed as the Gentáriven ("House of the People") and the Aierovê ("General Assembly") as part of Sabian nationalist Prime Minister Bertrand Rivière pan-Sabianist reforms.[4] The Gentáriven was further divided into the Council of Elders (which was made up of nationally-appointed legislators) and the Council of Nobles, which was conformed by non-Sabioveronese individuals holding Sabioveronese titles of nobility. The head of the Council of Nobles was known as the Deputy Governor, and the only titleholder was the Austenasian Joseph Emmanuel, Marquis of Saamark. Rivière's reforms however proved inneffective and in July 2015 he dissolved the Courts altogether

After the Haronos Plan was devised, the political leaders of the Kingdom met in the Congress of Salisse to write a new constitution. The new constitution vested the Kingdom's legislative authority on the Sarenâ, the "work place", or Parliament. The new constitution replaced the old one on 25 August 2015. The first parliamentary election was held on 20 September 2015, with the National Artists' Guild, a new left-leaning party led by Shounn Virny gaining a majority.

Powers and structure

The Parliament performs the normal functions of a legislature in a parliamentary democracy. It enacts laws, amends the constitution and appoints a government. Traditionally, the structure and organization of the Sabioveronese Parliament has been influenced by the Westminster system, a trend that has considerably fallen since the adoption of the latest constitutions in 2015 and 2017.

Presidium

The Parliament is chaired by a President (tairág), who is voted on by members of the Parliament. The President counts with a single deputy, the Vice President, who typically belongs to the President's party. Opposition forces are usually led by a Leader of the Opposition, whose position is not mentioned in the constitution or any law, but has existed de facto since the formation of Sabia and Verona.

Government formation

After an election, any elected MP from any party may request for the King's mandate to form a government and become Prime Minister (Sabian: kuragikurág). In practice, party leaders are typically the ones to be given mandates, though in the past, "Prime Minister candidates" have been nominated to form governments instead of party leaders (of these, only Osez Kóvérsz has successfully formed a government). Once given a mandate, a Prime Minister-designate must submit a "government proposal" to Parliament, which either approves it or denies it with a simple majority vote. If no government proposal is approved by Parliament in a period of 30 days after an election, the King will dissolve Parliament and call for a new election, to be held within a period of 15 days after the Parliament is dissolved.

Last election

The last parliamentary election was held on 14 May 2017; the elected members sat for the first time on 22 May 2017 and became the 3rd Parliament.[5]

Party Leader Votes % Seats +/–
C Liberals Andrew Blackhorse 27 52.9% 10 1
R Left Alliance Apollo Cerwyn 15 29.4% 6 2
N National Artists' Guild Snø Jens 9 17.6% 4 2

Current composition

District MP Party Notes
Alios Andrew Blackhorse Liberal Cabinet secretary
Apollo Cerwyn Democrat Leader of the Opposition
Narcissus Clyne Democrat
Noa Dargany Liberal Prime Minister
Simor de Jena Liberal Cabinet secretary
Dímeros Grenouille Liberal Cabinet secretary
Snø Jens Democrat
Andreina Rossini Democrat
Donnel Seaworth Liberal President of the Parliament
Gonn Kastor Gevras Drigy Democrat
Félix Gauvier Democrat
Shâssel Marlaryen Liberal Cabinet secretary
Palomène Lockhart Liberal
Emmanuel Starlynn Liberal Cabinet secretary
Balthassar Valoty Liberal
Shounn Virny Guild
Franxêska Bagos Liberal
Harmê Bertram Guild
Orion Bennet Guild Party leader
Hierba Kebragi Democrat

References

Preceded by:
Courts
Legislature of Sabia and Verona
2015 - present
Succeeded by:
Incumbent