Courts of Sabia and Verona

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Courts of Sabia and Verona
Boxun
Bozunlogo.png
Type
Type Bicameral
Houses House of Peoples
General Assembly
Leadership
Governor Saria Josephine, A (last)
Prime Minister Bertrand Rivière, C (last)
Structure
Members 10 Gentarivény
20 Ayerovêntar
voting system Locke-Gauvier Voting System
last election 15 September 2014
Meeting place
Palace of La Casona (Senate)
Lirvetta Enâ (Chamber of Deputies)


The Courts of Sabia and Verona (Sabian: Boxun Sâbixann ê Veronas), generally referred to as the Legislative Courts and less commonly by its Sabian name, Boxun, was Sabia and Verona's bicameral legislature until July 2015. After a transitional period of legislation by royal decree, the Courts were finally replaced by the unicameral Parliament of Sabia and Verona.

Originally it was a unicameral parliament consisting of 20 members elected from different legislative districts every six months. Following the October 2014 reforms, it became a bicameral parliament divided into the upper Gentáriven (lit. "House of Peoples") and the lower Ayerovê (lit. "General Assembly"). The Gentáriven was further subdivided into the Eidêvân (lit. "Council of Elders"), composed of nationally-elected human citizens of the Kingdom, and the Naídêvân, composed of foreign individuals bearing Sabioveronese noble titles. The Ayerovê on the other hand was divided into three factions, the right-wing faction (olentsouru), the left-wing faction (râyentsouru) and the free faction (jarâêtsouru), a system that had been employed by the unicameral courts before the October 2014 reforms. An Ayerovêntir could be part of a faction regardless of the party they belonged to. The speaker of the Gentáriven was the Governor of Sabia and Verona. The last Governor was Saria Josephine, Countess of Airujarin, and the speaker of the Ayerovê was the Prime Minister, the last of which was Bertrand Rivière of the Unity Party, also the last leader of the olentsouru.

History

The Courts of Sabia and Verona first met on October 18th, 2012, when the original 20 members agreed to establish the principles and main bases for the Sabioveronese nation, as an entity and as a society. The Courts were named after the Cortes Generales of Spain. Since October 18, the Courts have met several times, remarking October 20, October 25 and November 1. In the early months of Sabia and Verona, the then Sahoedang socialist movement leaded by Napoléon Bleuberrie had obtained a constant and clean majority in the Courts, which managed the party to have a much greater impact than the conservative Unity Party that had been founded not so long after the Sahoedang took power of the Sabioveronese premiership. The social and cultural impact of the Courts were an important part of the strategy that Bleuberrie had designed to lead Sabia and Verona into a socialist government, but the effects of the socialist politicians in the legislature were not enough to obtain full support from the Sabioveronese people.

With the December 2012 general elections, a new legislature is elected, this time with Unity majority, and with Osez Kóvérsz as Speaker. This new elected legislature would comprise 11 Unity members and 9 Socialist members, and they first met on January 3, 2013. During the last of the Kóvérsz term, the Courts lost activity. With the May 2013 elections, the Socialist Party earned ten seats while the Unity Party won only five seats. It would be the first time third parties joined the Legislative Courts, with the Strawberry Party earning three seats and the Free Suyu Front earning two seats. Bleuberrie comes back as Speaker of the Courts. The XAM and the FSF would later become one party, the Roots Party and thus having the same amount of seats as the Unity Party.

With the creation of the Federal Union of Juclandian Lands, the Courts voted for the coronation of a new monarch different from King Ciprian. The Courts voted in favour of Isadora Annenak, former Governor, to become Sabia and Verona's new monarch. On 23 February, 2014 a new Constitution came into effect and the Courts became a bicameral parliament, separated into the Senate of Sabia and Verona and the Chamber of Deputies. The Senate would represent the Federal Citizenry (humans) and the Chamber of Deputies would represent the Provincial Citizenry (plush toys). The Senate would be headed by the incumbent Governor, while the Chamber of Deputies would be headed by the First Secretary. The pre-constitutional reform unicameral Courts of Sabia and Verona became the Chamber of Deputies, with the same 20 members and factions.

Following the election of Bertrand Rivière as First Secretary at the September 2014 election, the conservative leader, counting with support from the newly elected lawmakers passed a series of laws that would be known as the October reforms or the Aishayerovê, the Great General Assembly. These reforms changed the names of many of the Kingdom's institutions, including the Senate, which would be known as the Gentáriven, and the Chamber of Deputies, which would be known as the Ayerovê. The reforms also included the introduction of a nobility and peerage system in Sabia and Verona, and the Gentáriven was further divided into the Council of Elders and the Council of Nobles, the latter of which was composed of non-Sabioveronese individuals counting with Sabioveronese peerage or nobility titles. In addition, these chambers would be active for a one-year period, instead of the six-month period that had been in use until then.

By mid-2015 however the legislative power of Sabia and Verona was completely inactive, and the system that had been adopted at the Aishayerovê had proven to be a failure in praxis. By June 2015 the Ayerovê had met three times, Council of Elders had met once and the Council of Nobles had not met once. Since the judicial power in Sabia and Verona was directly dependent to the Legislative Courts, two of Sabia and Verona's three political powers had been frozen for months. In 12 July 2015 Rivière met with the Lt. Secretaries of the Sabioveronese prefectures and after obtaining approval from the Queen, effectively dissolved the Sabioveronese legislature. Although the move was not precisely constitutional, Rivière defended the decision by saying the 2014 constitution had not foreseen a scenario in which the legislature could render itself deedless.

Authority

The Courts were considered the union between the Federal Citizenry and the Provincial Citizenry in Sabia and Verona. As stated in the 2014 Constitution, the Courts were to assume the role of both the legislative power and the judicial power of Sabia and Verona. Being a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, the Courts played an important role in Sabioveronese politics, being the main governing body. As legislative power of the Kingdom, the Courts took care of law making, which usually fell into the hands of the Ayerovê. Important laws, constitutional reforms, Crown-related issues and otherwise stated issues must pass through the Gentáriven as well.

The Courts of Sabia and Verona took care of judicial affairs before the Constitutional reform of 2014, but it was shared with the Commission for the Preservation of Democracy, which usually held more power than the Courts on judicial matters. Since the creation of the Federation, the judicial power of Sabia and Verona is vested in the Courts, specifically in all members of the Senate and a five-member commission from the Chamber of Deputies which conform the "Judicial Power of the Courts".

Last elections

Chamber of Deputies for the October 2014 - October 2015 term.
Chamber of Deputies for the April 2014 - October 2014 term.
Courts of Sabia and Verona for the October 2013 - April 2014 term.

September 2014

Party Candidate Seats 03/2014 Popular vote  %
Képren Lâdom (C + D) Bertrand Rivière
9 / 20
5 29 34%
Convergence and Amity Étienne Boulin
5 / 20
1 20 23%
Left Alliance Ernesto DaVilha
4 / 20
4 22 26%
Pashqari People's Party José Ramírez
2 / 20
13 15%

March 2014

Party Candidate Seats 03/2014 Popular vote  %
Left Alliance Léon Galieri
8 / 20
8 29 31%
Convergence and Amity Apollo Cerwyn
6 / 20
6 25 26%
Unity Party Carla Mora
4 / 20
1 23 24%
Pashqari People's Party Shzël Ashaqür
2 / 20
1 18 19%

September 2013

Party Candidate Seats 05/2013 # of overall vote  %
Progressive Coalition Ann Stefanović
15 / 20
15 50 75%
Unity Party Osez Kóvérsz
5 / 20
5 17 25%
Preceded by:
None
Legislature of Sabia and Verona
2012 - 2015
Succeeded by:
Parliament