Apollo Cerwyn

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Apollo Cerwyn
9th Prime Minister of Sabia and Verona
Assumed office
3 June 2019
Monarch Tarik
Deputy Snø Jens-Galieri
Predecessor Andrew Blackhorse
Secretary of Diplomacy
Assumed office
3 June 2019
Prime Minister Himself
Predecessor Shounn Virny
In office
1 October 2016 – 22 May 2017
Prime Minister Shounn Virny
Predecessor Janina Amosiry
Successor Andrew Blackhorse
Leader of the Democratic Party
Assumed office
28 November 2017
Deputy Snø Jens-Galieri
Soraya Hreti
Predecessor Party created
Leader of the Opposition
In office
22 May 2017 – 3 June 2019
Prime Minister Noa Dargany
Andrew Blackhorse
Predecessor Andrew Blackhorse
Successor Shassel Marlaryen
Deputy Prime Minister
In office
1 October 2016 – 22 May 2017
Prime Minister Shounn Virny
Predecessor Janina Amosiry
Successor Emmanuel Starlynn
Leader of the Left Alliance
In office
10 May 2016 – 28 November 2017
Predecessor Petyr Cohen
Successor Party dissolved
Personal information
Birth name Apollo Osrik Cerwyn
Citizenship Sabioveronese
Political party Democratic Party (since 2017)
Other political
affiliations
Left Alliance (2016–17)
Bakinn (2014–16)
Roots Party (2013–14)
Strawberry Party (2013)
Cabinet 12th government
13th government
Religion None (Atheism)
In this traditional Sabian name, Kodavái is the matronymic and Keruin is the family name.

Apollo Osrik Cerwyn (Sabian: abolo-osrik kodavái keruin) is a Sabioveronese politician and poet, currently serving as the 9th Prime Minister of Sabia and Verona. He is the leader of the Democratic Party (HG), the largest party in the unicameral Parliament, and serves as Secretary of Diplomacy in his own cabinet. Before leading the Democrats, he led the Left Alliance, the predecessor to the HG, and was Leader of the parliamentary Opposition from 2017 to 2019.

He previously served as Deputy Prime Minister of Sabia and Verona and Secretary of Diplomacy as part of the coalition government (2016–17) headed by Shounn Virny. Cerwyn is a member of the Sabioveronese Parliament representing the multi-member list constituency of Alios.

Early life

Cerwyn is a native Sabian of Caenian origin. He is the brother of fellow politician and President of the National Bank, Hidram Cerwyn. Despite being originally from Caenia, Cerwyn belongs to the Pashqari minority of Sabia and Verona and moved to Tegula shortly after the foundation of Sabia and Verona in 2012. He graduated with a degree on law at the University of Elinore in 2013, and earned a second degree on political science from the same University in 2015.

Early political career

Cerwyn started his political career in the Strawberry Party. Though he had brief interactions with the Free Suyu Front, he disliked the extremist nature of the Front's tactics, and favored the peaceful approach of the Strawberry Party. At the May 2013 general election, Cerwyn was elected to serve as boxunentir of the Courts of Sabia and Verona for Tegula. His first term in the Courts were marked by his support of the recognition of the Pashqar language's status as official language in the Kingdom.[1]

Cerwyn was a part of the conference that joined the Strawberry Party and the FSF into the Roots Party. Representing Roots, Cerwyn became Minister for the Environment in the Karasal Treaty-forged national unity cabinet formed by Napoléon Bleuberrie following the May 2013 election.[2] He was succeeded by Ryam Piper.

He joined Convergence and Amity when Roots split in 2014. For the March 2014 general election, Cerwyn became the PM-candidate of Convergence and Amity.[3] He led Convergence to win the second place in the election, behind Léon Galieri's Left Alliance.

Post-Haronos era

Salisse Congress and Left Alliance leadership

Photograph of the Congress of Salisse on 18 August 2015; Cerwyn is the third from the left, in front of Léon Galieri.

On 16 August 2016, Cerwyn became one of the participants of the Congress of Salisse, and as such is credited as a co-author of the present constitution of Sabia and Verona. Upon arriving in Alios, Cerwyn became involved in the Isadoran University of Darmosari, teaching law and political science and giving conferences on the legal development of Sabia and Verona and Sabioveronese history.

In May 2016 he was selected by Left Alliance members to become the party's next national leader, following the party's merge with Bakinn (Convergence).[2][4]

In the 2016 general election, Cerwyn led the Left Alliance to a third place and a much higher percentage of the popular vote than anticipated in polls.[5] With no clear majority, the table was set for negotiations between the National Artists' Guild (DSN), the second-largest party led by Prime Minister Shounn Virny, and the Left. Virny and Cerwyn spearheaded the negotiations which culminated on 22 September when it was announced both parties had reached an agreement and would form a coalition government.[6]

On 1 October 2016, Cerwyn assumed the posts of Deputy PM and Secretary of Diplomacy in the 8th government.[7]

Deputy Prime Minister and constitutional reform campaign

Right from the start, there were tensions within the coalition government.[8] By January 2017, a mere two months after the inauguration of the government, Cerwyn was openly criticizing Virny and the Artists for not "listening to the Left's concerns", namely the topic of constitutional reform.[9] Virny's refusal to consider constitutional reform became a major strain in the coalition, in the aftermath of Leftist cabinet secretary Andreina Rossini over comments criticizing the Prime Minister.[8] It was then that Cerwyn approached the leadership of the Liberal Party to discuss a possible joint initiative to push for constitutional reform.[10] An opportunity was opened for Cerwyn and the Left-Liberal axis with the "La Plata incident" on 25 January, when Virny made a brief one-day visit to the city of La Plata, Argentina, on the day an extraordinary session of Parliament was scheduled. The unannounced trip took the government and the nation by surprise, and caused outrage and widespread condemnation.[11]

Riding the wave of discontent against the PM, the Left and the Liberals orchestrated peaceful demonstrations against Virny and calling for constitutional reform, as well as his resignation. On 14 February, Virny finally gave in and allowed Guild lawmakers to allow a constitutional referendum to take place.[12] The referendum was held on 5 March 2017, and resulted in a landslide victory for the reformist camp and the resignation of Virny from the leadership of the Artists.[13] The Constitutional Assembly formed in the aftermath of the referendum finished writing the new constitution on 20 April 2017.[14]

Opposition leader and foundation of new party

The 2017 general election resulted in major gains for the Left Alliance, which became the second largest force in Parliament with 29.4%. Having ruled out any further collaboration with the Artists, the Left positioned itself as the main Opposition to the new new Liberal government led by Noa Dargany. As the Left's leader, Cerwyn took the position of leader of the Opposition.[15][16]

In October 2017, the Left Alliance entered talks with a dissident faction of the National Artists' Guild, led by Snø Jens-Galieri.[17] Talk of a 'leftist superfront' (so-called because it would group together all the left-leaning forces in Sabia and Verona) had existed since early 2017, when the DSN, once the Kingdom's largest party, began dwindling due to a number of factors.[18] The Democratic Party (horói geñkurago in Sabian, lit. "Party for the People's Government"; HG) was founded on 28 November 2017, with Cerwyn at its helm.

Under Cerwyn's leadership in the Opposition, the Democrats negotiated extensively with Dargany's government to reach an agreement on the New Frontier plan; Dargany's inability to sway the HG resulted in her losing a leadership spill against Andrew Blackhorse in late 2018 and the subsequent dissolution of her government.[19][20] Blackhorse's administration finally reached an agreement with the Democrats in 2019, when the New Frontier plan went ahead and the territory of Doga Runann was claimed by the Kingdom.[21]

Premiership

The Democrats were rewarded with their best-ever result at the 2019 general election, gaining over 55% of the vote and achieving the first parliamentary majority in an election by any political party since 2015.[22] Cerwyn was shortly afterwards granted the King's mandate to form the 12th government of Sabia and Verona, which took office on 3 June 2019 when it was confirmed by the 5th Parliament in its inaugural session.[23] Cerwyn's government saw the return of Snø Jens-Galieri to the Commerce Division and Kastor Gevras Drigy to the Justice Division.

Early into his mandate Cerwyn's government was threatened by internal disagreements over the issue of the Northern regions, which was sparked by education secretary and Democratic Party deputy Soraya Hreti's opinion piece on The SiV Phonograph, which called the rest of the government to act swiftly on the Northern question.[24] Cerwyn later defended Hreti and stated that his government was merely "pluralistic in views".[25] Cerwyn would later mandate the establishment of a special parliamentary commission to assess the situation and deliver a non-binding verdict on how the government should proceed on the Northern question.[26]

In December 2019 Cerwyn's cabinet spearheaded the campaign to amend the 2017 Constitution for the first time since its adoption in order to make the Spanish text fully gender-neutral and extend by one year the term of magistrates of the judiciary;[27] the amendments were subjected to a popular referendum in which they all passed by an ample margin.[28] Cerwyn was credited for opening dialogue channels with the opposition, led by Shounn Virny, to allow the amendment proposals to pass through Parliament with relatively unanimous support.[29]

Toward the end of 2019 the government released the Jens-Galieri report (so named as it was elaborated by Snø Jens-Galieri), the first integral economic report in Sabia and Verona since 2016; the report noted a moderate growth of Sabia and Verona's economy.[30]

Personal life

Cerwyn is an atheist. He speaks Sabian natively and was a proponent of the introduction of Pashqar in the everyday culture and society of Sabia and Verona. He became a member of the Pashqar Language Authority in 2014, and was one of the authorities who declared the language extinct in 2015.

He is rumoured to have dated both Democrat MP Andreina Rossini and Liberal MP Shassel Marlaryen.[31]

References

  1. "Pashqar language: official". The SiV Phonograph. 4 June 2013. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "A perfect betrayal: the Left will compete in the south". The SiV Phonograph. 10 May 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  3. "Left Alliance wins the election". The SiV Phonograph. 20 March 2014. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  4. "Bakinn to merge into the Left Alliance". The SiV Phonograph. 24 April 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  5. "Decision 2016: Conservatives fall short of majority". The SiV Phonograph. 18 September 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  6. "NNS and Left reach agreement to form coalition". The SiV Phonograph. 22 September 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  7. "New cabinet takes office". The SiV Phonograph. 1 October 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Botany Secretary resigns over controversial comments". The SiV Phonograph. 10 January 2017. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
  9. "Cerwyn: Virny has not addressed the Left's concerns". The SiV Phonograph. 17 January 2017. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  10. "The secret meeting of Liberals and Leftists Virny wasn't invited to". The SiV Phonograph. 21 January 2017. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
  11. "Enkâkourak takes day off, causes mayhem". The SiV Phonograph. 26 January 2017. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
  12. "Between a sword and a wall, Virny greenlights constitutional referendum". The SiV Phonograph. 14 February 2017. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
  13. "Constitutional referendum: 'Yes' option winds by a landslide". The SiV Phonograph. 5 March 2017. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
  14. "Sabia and Verona has a new constitution". The SiV Phonograph. 20 April 2017. Retrieved 23 June 2018.
  15. "Lib deputy leader Dargany, not Blackhorse, to lead new government" The SiV Phonograph. 16 May 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  16. "Parliament confirms Dargany's government" The SiV Phonograph. 22 May 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  17. "Artists' Guild weakened as faction leaves party" The SiV Phonograph. 26 October 2017. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  18. "Bertram: 'No "leftist superfront" under my watch'". The SiV Phonograph. 18 August 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  19. "Blackhorse formally challenges Dargany's party leadership". The SiV Phonograph. 1 October 2018. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  20. "Government & opposition reach deal on New Frontier". The SiV Phonograph. 16 January 2019. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  21. "Sabia and Verona annexes new territories after Parliament vote". The SiV Phonograph. 23 January 2019. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  22. "2019 election: Democrats rise to victory as SiV turns to the left" The SiV Phonograph. 27 May 2019. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  23. "Cerwyn government confirmed in marathonic inaugural session". The SiV Phonograph. 3 June 2019. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  24. Hreti, Soraya (11 December 2019. "It’s time we address the unsustainability of the North". The SiV Phonograph. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  25. "Cerwyn stands by Hreti, says government is “pluralistic in views”". The SiV Phonograph. 18 December 2019. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  26. "kuraginán saroi atanoboka gai iderám hosenarinnán akoná". mbirág aliosin (in Sabian). 23 March 2020. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  27. "Government to push for constitutional amendment to make text gender-neutral". The SiV Phonograph. 18 December 2019. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  28. "Voters approve constitutional amendments in delayed referendum". The SiV Phonograph. 14 January 2020. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  29. "Amendment proposal gets parliamentary approval". The SiV Phonograph. 23 December 2019. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  30. "Jens-Galieri report: gov't spending grew and private investment sank in 2019". The SiV Phonograph. 3 January 2020. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  31. "Mayor Judge, the perpetual Goyo and the gossip of it all: the 2016 campaign so far". The SiV Phonograph. 11 September 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
Political offices
Preceded by
Andrew Blackhorse
Prime Minister of Sabia and Verona
3 June 2019 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Shounn Virny
Secretary of Diplomacy
3 June 2019 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Janina Amosiry
Secretary of Diplomacy
1 October 2016 – 22 May 2017
Succeeded by
Andrew Blackhorse
Preceded by
Janina Amosiry
Deputy Prime Minister
1 October 2016 – 22 May 2017
Succeeded by
Emmanuel Starlynn
Preceded by
Amaro Perdeut
Minister for the Environment
1 June 2013 – 1 October 2013
Succeeded by
Ryam Piper
Parliament of Sabia and Verona
Preceded by
New constituency
MP for the Alios List
22 May 2017 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Andrew Blackhorse
Leader of the Opposition
22 May 2017 – 3 June 2019
Succeeded by
Shassel Marlaryen
Preceded by
New constituency
MP for Fervy
1 October 2016 – 22 May 2017
Succeeded by
Constituency dissolved
Preceded by
Robert Qazir
MC for Tegula I Abra
1 October 2014 – 12 July 2015
Succeeded by
Legislature dissolved
Preceded by
New constituency
MC for Elinore III Miasaaquuri
1 April 2014 – 1 October 2014
Succeeded by
Roman Häshmun
Preceded by
New constituency
MC for Tegula
1 June 2013 – 1 October 2013
Succeeded by
Various
Party political offices
Preceded by
Party created
Leader of the Democratic Party
28 November 2017 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Petyr Cohen
Leader of the Left Alliance
10 May 2016 – 28 November 2017
Succeeded by
Party dissolved