Micronational responses to the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic

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The COVID-19 pandemic, also known as the coronavirus pandemic, is an ongoing pandemic[1] of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‑19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‑CoV‑2).[2] The outbreak was first identified in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.[3] The World Health Organization declared the outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on 30 January, and a pandemic on 11 March. As of 22 May 2020, more than 5.1 million cases of COVID-19 have been reported in more than 188 countries and territories, resulting in more than 333,000 deaths. More than 1.95 million people have recovered from the virus.

Following the advise and recommendations of the WHO as well as macronational and local governments, various micronations have made responses and courses of action to the pandemic,[4][5][6][7] commonly through enforcing WHO advise, increased surveillance and caution, limiting travel, self-isolation and quarantine, and cancellations of social, sporting, political and religious events. As of 23 May 2020, there have been 17 confirmed cases of COVID-19 having been reported in micronations, effecting 5 micronations, resulting in 1 death and 12 recoveries; there are a further 2 suspected cases which have been officially reported. The first case of coronavirus in a micronation was confirmed in the Principality of Montescano on 10 March 2020, which is also the first and so far only micronation to report a death of COVID-19 on 9 April. A number of other cases of coronavirus in micronational claimants have been reported,[citation needed] however none of which have been recognised citizens.[citation needed] A number of citizens of micronations have also had COVID-19 cases. There have also been claimed cases which have been unverified or disputed.

The pandemic, leaving people with lots of free time, have been responsible for a surge in activity within the MicroWiki Sector. A number of retired micronationalists have returned, micronations have went back into activity or become more active, and participation in elections and referendums, community censuses, surveys and other events have increased.[8] Multiple micronational news media have reported this as a 'positive' to the ongoing pandemic.

A number of micronations declared states of caution and emergencies; Adammia declared a state of emergency on 16 March which was the first ever in Adammia's seven-year history. The first media response to COVID-19 was from the Government of Gradonia on 23 January, when the government declared a state of caution. This followed the news of a suspect case in Brazos County, Texas. The Mahuset National Convention of 2019 created a task force monitoring the spread of coronavirus. The only school in New Eiffel was closed on 13 March. Essexia starting holding parliament sessions online via Skype. The Grand Unified Micronational placed all physical summits on hold until further notice.

Lonely Planet published an article about responses from micronations to COVID-19 on April 2020,[9] and Newsweek published an article on responses from micronations in the United States on 10 April.[10]

Intermicronational responses

Listed in order of date.

Entity Response
Flag of Gradonia.svg Kingdom of Gradonia On 23 January 2020, at 5:00 p.m. (CT), the Gradonian government declared a 'State of Caution'. This followed the news of a suspected coronavirus infection in Brazos County, Texas. The suspected infection was announced by the Brazos County Health District.[11] The unidentified patient had recently traveled from Wuhan, China back to Brazos County. Texan authorities have declined to provide a specific timeline for his travels. Following this announcement and declaration, a closed emergency session of the Konlichstag was held "to determine the Gradonian government's next course(s) of action." After the session, Duke Brayden stated: "We will be working with the Brazos County Health District and Center for Disease Control to inform everyone if the infection is confirmed and if further actions are to be taken." William I later made the announcement that all other nations in Texas, including externally located nations with territory and citizens within Texas, would be notified and provided with healthcare by Gradonian officials.[12] The student later tested negative for the virus on 26 January.[13] Following a confirmed case of Coronavirus in San Antonio[14], the Gradonian government issued another State of Caution and contacted the Austenasian, Hrafnarfjallian, Cycoldian, and Zenraxian foreign office(s). This State of Caution also suspended "political campaign events, flyer distribution, and physical polls", which were planned since the opening of the March 2020 election campaign season.
Iban flag.png Republic of Ibania On 15 March 2020, Ibania recorded an coronavirus case in Sarikei. Across the Malaysian border in Sibu had a person diagnosed with coronavirus. Sarikei MP Wong Ling Biu after tested positive for the virus in Sibu Hospital (across the Malaysian Border). Sarawak DAP Chairman Chong Chieng Jen directed all party members and lawmakers who had close contact with Sarikei MP in the last 14 days to self-quarantine for two weeks. On 16 March 2020 an new coronavirus case was in Betong. Doctors from Malaysia (Sibu) transferred all patients to go to Sibu on 22 March 2020. Online schools and working were hosted on ZOOM. Ibania currently has 0 cases of coronavirus, The mask law will be lifted on June 1 2020. Schools and shops will open on June 15 2020.
Wegmat On 25 January the Kingdom of Wegmat declared a Public Health Emergency after a case of Coronavirus was nearby in the Chicago neighborhood of Austin had a confirmed case. On 13 March, Wegmat locked down the nation and advised its citizens against all types of travel, including traveling between Wegmat's provinces, unless to grocery stores.[15][16]
Lytera flag.png Kingdom of Lytera On 31 January, after two people were confirmed as having contacted the coronavirus in Newcastle,[17] the King of Lytera decreed a state of caution for the Kingdom of Lytera, advising citizens and acquaintances to follow health and safety protocols. The Ministry of Health advised the following "Practice good hygiene, avoid affected or crowded spaces. If you experience fatigue, fever,coughing, headaches and difficulty in breathing, seek medical attention and share travel history with your doctor. People who experience these whilst travelling should disembark at the closest stop and seek help. [sic]" In addition, the King also advised people to not travel to China for the foreseeable future, and that travel should be limited. The King suspended meetings of the Royal Council whilst the issue remains, and, if needed, will rule by emergency acts.[18][19] On 19 March, by the order of the King, Lytera declared a state of National Emergency and introduced rationing in the Capital, with the election confirmed to be unaffected.[20]
Mahuset On 5 February, the National Convention of 2019 created a task force monitoring the spread of coronavirus.[21] On 8 March, the Lazian Chamber was supposed to hold a session introducing a mandatory quarentine of two weeks for all coronavirus. This session failed to go ahead due to a lack of members present. On 10 March, the Ministry of Environment and Public Health confirmed the first case of coronavirus on Mahusetan territories and announced more information would follow soon. On 12 March, President Emiel Sebastiaan Hardy confirmed the US-Europe travel ban introduced because of coronavirus would complicate travel between the Republic of Lundenland and other Mahusetan territories and announced more information would follow soon. On 13 March, the Ministry of Economic Affairs announced it will monitor economic effects of the outbreak and President Emiel Sebastiaan Hardy instructed citizens to follow instructions issued by macronational authorities.
Abeldane flag.jpg Abeldane Empire On 9 February, during a session of the Abelden Reichsversammlung, James Frisch asked for a government response to the coronavirus outbreak.[22] Edward Daniels urged all Abeldane citizens to be cautious in highly trafficked areas such as airports in the possibility of contagious spread, and said that the government should keep their eyes on this virus and be aware of any symptoms, if any, regarding coronavirus. Later on 21 March, the government released a further response giving advise on safety from COVID-19.[23] The following day Emperor Newton declared an Empire-wide state of emergency.
AendereseFlag.png Aenderia On 2 March 2020, William Efton, then Vice President of Aenderia, confirmed that Aenderia will not be declaring any health emergencies over COVID-19, citing that it is a macronations' job to figure out a way to solve the outbreak.[24]
Nedland On 28 February, the de facto government of the former Nedlandic lands issued a special warning regarding the coronavirus, proceeding to put the entire country on severe warning mode, and the territories in France, the United Kingdom and Spain on effective lockdown. Supplies will be provided by local governments, and Nedland is bracing itself for incoming coronavirus cases due to the largely urban and dense nature of its territories. By 20 April, the unemployment rate in Nedland had soared from 6 percent before the pandemic to at least 34 percent. However, the actual number is likely higher, due to very limited reporting.
Montescano On February 28, Montescano closed the borders of the Principality and issued an decree by which subjects of HSH are only allowed to leave the territory of the Principality with an exit-visa. All foreigners were subject to a 14 day quarentine upon entering the principality. Citizens of numerous countries with high outbreaks were banned from entrance. On the March 3 the Princely Institute for National Health and Disease Assessment was founded and made responsible for handling the novel Coronavirus outbreak. The PINHDA had the authority to quarentine people for a maximum of 31 days. After news of a first confirmed case on March 9 the Principality enacted an emergency act by which all Subjects of HSH were home-quarentined for 14 days.
New Flag of Doggenburg.png Kingdom of Doggenburg On 29 February, the Nationalepolizei ordered all border crossings in Doggenburg to be shutdown and announced that they will update the public over Twitter as new information is released.[25]
Flagofvilthia.png Decracy of Vilthia On February 29th, the Sovereign Titianus II, after a meeting with the Civil Defence ordered the closure of external borders to non-residents, also imposing restrictions on temporary access permits.

On March 11th, following the provisions adopted by the italian government, the Sovereign imposed the quarantine to the entire national territory.

FlagUNOc.png Union of Nova-Occitania See also : 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Occitania
Also on the 29th, President Babou Chkaya declared a state of emergency in Nova-Occitania. Chkaya stated in the decree: "The state of emergency is applied for a period of 5 weeks due to the presence of the Covid-19 Virus in France, Aragon and Catalonia." The decision followed a meeting with Prime Minister Ivanna Minaïeva and Adélia Cerdan, the Minister of Solidarity. It is the first time that the state of emergency has been applied since the re-creation of the Occitanian micronation and allows the president to rule alone, by decrees.[26]
A Presidential decree on March 14 ordered the closure of all administrations. The same day the first case was detected in an Occitanian national, resident in Barcelona.[27]
Flag of Paloma (2020 Redesign).svg Free Socialist State of Paloma President and General Secretary Aidan McGrath along with the approval of others in the Communist Party ban Christians from attending worship and masses on open days in Paloma. The decision was met after the United States officially confirmed its first death from the coronavirus, a man in his 50's from Kings County, Washington State.[28] The decision was met with outrage from Catholics among others.[29] Later on 11 March, a state of emergency was declared[30] as two cases of coronavirus were confirmed in Michigan.[31]
Flag of St. John.png Republic of St. John On 1 March, the Government of the Republic of St. John canceled the 6th Anniversary event of St. John's establishment due to the concerns of the outbreak. The 6th anniversary commemoration event was originally planned to be held on 20 December 2019 in Vredesstad, but was postponed until an unspecified time before cancelled by the government.[32] Fifteen days later, the government of St. John declared a state of emergency until an indefinite time and prohibited all public gatherings and governmental meetings.[33] In addition, the government offers free hand sanitizers to all St. Johnian by request.[34][35]

On 24 March, the government of St. John sprays several areas in the Province of Concordia with disinfectant.[36]

Flag of Adammia.svg Empire of Adammia On 1 March, the Cabinet Office issued a public health advisory[37] after the first cases of the coronavirus were confirmed in West Yorkshire and Ille-et-Vilaine, the macronational areas surrounding North Adammia and the colony of Xanada respectively. Citizens of Adammia were urged to use hand sanitiser and to avoid travelling to the heavily affected countries of China, South Korea, Iran and Italy. This decision was met as the total number of confirmed cases in the UK went from 23 to 35, whilst France reached over a hundred confirmed cases.[5] On 5 March, this advice was extended to residents of South Adammia, following the confirmation of a case in Birmingham. On 11 March, the public health advisory was applied to the entire Empire, after a case was confirmed in Cardiff; at this point, cases were confirmed in every macronational subdivision surrounding an Adammic province or colony. It was announced on 16 March that Emperor Adam I and Prime Minister Lord Charles Michael had jointly decided that the Imperial Government of Adammia should declare a national State of Emergency, the first ever in Adammia's seven-year history.[38] Foundation Day was later cancelled.[39]
Caddiaflag.png Federal Republic of Caddia Also on 1 March, President of Caddia Anna Telford issued a statement about the coronavirus. The statement said that although the Coronavirus is a problem, the flu is much more severe and you should get vaccinated and use hand sanitiser.
Flag of Tagtabazar.png Republic of Aswington The President of the Republic of Aswington, Juan Cisneros, declared a state of alert in the micronation on 1 March.[40]
Gymnasium State On 10 March, it was announced that Gymnasium State would close its borders. The Senate will keep function as usual but via online meeting venues. The Senate did not release any other advices, however the Premier stated the people should "not panic and grab a towel".[41]
Flag of Hak'hanna (2020).png Bailiwick of Hak'hanna On 10 March, Hak'hanna released a statement addressing the close proximity of COVID-19 cases to the jurisdiction of the nation. An advisory of caution was also sent to the community.[42] On 12 March, in response to Governor Tom Wolf of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania's shutdown of Montgomery County, the government of Hak'hanna stated they would not be hosting any Government-sanctioned public events until further notice.[43] As of 14 March, there are three presumptive-positive cases of COVID-19 within the jurisdiction of the Bailiwick.[44]
Atovia On 11 March, Atovia declared a state of emergency. Ministry of Public Safety recommended that all citizens and residents of Atovia exercise caution and practice good hygiene, as well as to follow the posted recommendations of the WHO.[45]
Essexia Again on 11 March, the Minister of Health Lord Alex released a statement on providing health and social advice for citizens. He advised limited physical contact, and regular use of anti-bacterial soap, in line with the UK's guidelines.[46]
New Eiffel New Eiffel had suspected cases however none were officially reported, thus giving the number of cases 0. On 12 March, New Eiffel declared a state of caution due to the continuing spread of coronavirus in the surrounding areas. On 13 March, the only school in New Eiffel New Eiffel School was closed, and announced it was planning on reopening in two weeks, however did not open until the 15 April, following the little threat imposed by COVID-19 for citizens within New Eiffel's borders. The Prince stated on 15 March that sporting events and outside travel would not be restricted for the time being, however later on 24 March all outside travel was restricted. Travel bans were lifted on 27 April with a set curfew.
GUM logo basic.jpg GUM Also on 12 March, the Grand Unified Micronational placed all physical summits on hold until further notice.
Ikonia Furthermore on 12 March, Ikonia's ministry of health recommended that citizens and visitors follow the WHO and the CDC. As well as the recommendations, all Ikonian territories closed their borders, and citizens were issued hand sanitizers. The government is claimed to meet on March 14 to further discuss a response to the outbreak.
Theodia

The evening of 2020-03-12, Theodia announced that, at midnight, all non-essential travel within the country would be suspended, and that all non-citizens would be repatriated at the earliest opportunity.[47]
In the afternoon of 2020-03-28, Theodia additionally announced temporary suspensions to the the demurrage tax and all rent and loan payments, with these also to begin at midnight.[48]
On 2020-04-27, Theodia lifted the lockdown, citing the unfeasibility of permanent siege and the micronation's lack of resources; but reiterated the importance of hygiene and social distancing for the remainder of the pandemic.[49]
(All times are UTC-3.)

Aenopia On 12 March, Aenopia declared a national state of concern, meaning that the borders of Bryniau Gwyrdd and Greater New Aberdare will be closed except to Aenopian residents and exceptional cases where non-Aenopians may visit. Furthermore, public awareness to hygiene will also be increased with posters created by the Aenopian Government soon to follow.[50]
Posaf On 12 March, the government of Posaf declared a state of caution as the governor of Ohio declared a state of emergency, and suspending all schools until April 6. The Minister of Health is set to host a press conference regarding the speculation of the virus in Posaf, the socio-economic impact, and government predictions. Buck party member Emily Smith, and the New Democrats Grace Konn, motioned to Parliament to let the administrative regions decide their status (State of Emergency, Warning, or Caution) and their precautions for COVID-19. On March 13 the motion passed with the delayed press release on the 14 of March.[51]
Nottingham Woods On 12 March, Nottingham Woods closed its borders, and the Emperor advised citizens to stay away from restaurants and other social gatherings.
Baustralia On 12 March, the Parliament of Baustralia began talks about COVID-19 and plans of enacting law regarding the virus. Just three months until the general election is set to take place, Parliament opened with a motion to create a bill to allow provision for mandating a 14-day quarantine for those returning from "high-risk countries" and those testing positive for the virus. It was also reported that no Baustralians had the virus, or any symptoms thereof.[52] On 24 March 2020, John I provided assent to the Public Health Emergency Measures (Quarantine) Act mandating that persons who have recently travelled outside their macronation must self-isolate for 14 days and other measures for the common citizen, and those with the virus.[53] Currrently, their Royal Highnesses the Duke and Duchess of Kingston are in quarantine[54] due to the duchess being at high risk.
Hasanistan After being criticised by citizens for not taking the virus seriously, Prime Minister Hasan Çakar proposed the CPMC Act within the Mejlis.[55] However, the act was rejected for controversies due to its authoritarian policies. The Sheyk-al-Islam called the virus a test from God, quoting Quran verses and hadith as proof, and stated that Muslims should not doubt Allah's power to heal or take un-Islamic measures against the crisis (in reference to the CPMC act).[56] An amended version of the act was voted on again two days later and passed.[57] In a statement, the Prime Minister blamed the "incompetent and corrupt" GUM, global capitalist-hedonist oligarchs and China for the spread of the virus. This response has been characterised as being a joke by those in the GUM, leading Çakar to issue an additional reply within a statement which refuted the mockery of his initial statement and called various GUM members as foolish and mocking their own statements on coronavirus.[57]
Samizdat On 13 March, the State of Samizdat announced it will be suspending all political and cultural activities due to the new laws and restrictions passed by the government of Spain.[58]
Cycoldia On 13 March, Cycoldian Schools were closed until 10 April 2020 in Cycoldia, though there have not been any official confirmed cases in the Districts of Cycoldia there is one suspected case. Christina I also declared a state of emergency on 16 March 2020[59][60] Cycoldia also has summoned an emergency Ministry of Health, which Christina I is to nominate members for.
Poplar Nerva Furthermore on 13 March, Premier Jack of Poplar Nerva issued a decree to close the nation's borders completely, preventing international travel, and allowed the Government to put individuals who are suspected of being infected into quarantine for up to 30 days.
Flag hungaroslavia.gif Hungaroslavic Democratic Republic The Hungaroslavic government and President Valentin Ladislav declared a full state of statarium because of the COVID-19. Firstly, it takes effect on the 13th of March at 8 p.m., when Hungaroslavia closes all its inward international borders and starts border control on county borders. Then, on the 15th of March, at 8 p.m., all of the international and county borders will be closed on both ways, and curfew will be ordered between 8 a.m. and 9 p.m.. All shops, factories, schools, universities will be closed, but some TV and radio channels must operate during this time.
CupertinoAllianceFlag.png Cupertino Alliance The Cupertino Alliance has not introduced any restrictions to micronations, following Aenderia's response of it being a macronational duty. However, the Cupertino Alliance hosted the 69 Hour Session on 14 - 17 March 2020 and on 22 March 2020, donated to the Canadian Red Cross' COVID-19 fund.[61]
Flag of Kingdom of Brienia.jpg
Kingdom of Brienia
On 14 March, the Government of Brienia released a statement on identifying and protecting yourself from COVID-19. The Government of the Principality of Brienia had previously closed all borders and initiated isolation at the beginning of March.[62] On 15 March, the government further banned travel to sixteen countries.[63]
Saspearian On 14 March, the Government of Saspearian declared a Public Health Emergency after two cases of COVID-19 were reported nearby it's borders in the neighboring US State of Texas.
Iustus On 15 March,[citation needed] the Government of Iustus issued a State of Caution. The Prime Minister of Iustus urged citizens to wash their hands, isolate if infected, and to not panic. The Prime Minister has also stated that he does not intend on issuing a State of Emergency for the time being.
Sabia and Verona On 16 March, the government issued a statement clarifying that "[it] personally did not care" [sic] about the spread of the virus, as plush toys, who make up over 80% of the Sabioveronese population, can not get infected from viruses.[64] This position was later criticized by the Opposition.[65]
GaplaFlag.png Federated States of Gapla On 16 March,[citation needed] Gapla declared a state of emergency.
Karnia-Ruthenia From 09 to 15 March, the Imperial Diet discussed propositions made by the Emperor-King in order to give a proper response to the coronavirus outbreak. [66] On 16 March, was issued the Decree 189-20, ordering the publication of messages about COVID-19 prevention through government channels, encouraging the use of masks for outside activities, the reporting of symptom to the macronational governments to which citizens are subjected and encouraging citizens to be cautious in highly trafficked areas such as airports in the possibility of contagious spread.[67] The Imperial Government wasn't informed of any case of citizen infected with the COVID-19. After testing negative for COVID-19, the Duke of Daugavia, Minister of Foreign Affairs, decided to self-isolate[68] On 21 April 2020, the King of Carpathia, serving with the US Army, started assisting civilian doctors and nurses in testing and treating COVID-19, as well as transporting medical supplies[69].
Federal Republic of Julholm After a corona case happend in Julholm, the federal governemnt roceeding to put the entire country on severe warning mode. The inarguration of President-Designate Verdigaal will continue altough in private. Verdigaal has also cancelled all planned meetings for March and April until further notice Julholm had established a national Corona task force, comprising seven ministers; to lead the prevention measures and a technical task force has also been set up with members from various government bodies, Altough Julholm will work with marconational authorities first.[70]
Bendera Falalia.jpg Democratic Kingdom of Falalia Falalian authorities issued a public order to suspend economic and political activities, to close all schools, and to urge citizens to stay at home.[71] A member of royal family was revealed to have symptoms similar to Covid-19, and was immediately ordered to be isolated as a quarantine measure.
Excellent Flag 2-3 2000-.jpg United Democratic Republic of Excellent Excellent government has issued a recommendations to address the spread of Covid-19, which urged the citizens to limit activities outside, to maintain health and cleanliness on all premises, and to use protective mask especially those with health issues.[72]
Bregusland On 16 March, the government of Bregusland closed Bregusland's borders until further notice.[73]
Essexia On 18 March, by the order of the First Minister, Essexia declared a state of National Emergency,[74] the first in Essexia's history.[75]
Mqdf.jpg Al-Muqaddimah On 22 March, Muqaddiman government set a border control to restrict access for foreign visitors and Muqaddiman citizens. All citizens with history of activities abroad are required to be quarantined. Muqaddiman King Abdullah Allero I also orders non-essential companies and institutions to close for 2 weeks, while decided to allow religious congregations to continue with heightened caution.[76]
Lundenwicflag1.png Imperial Grand Duchy of Lundenwic On the 28th of March, the Prime Minister released an official response to the Covid-19 pandemic. Citizens were advised to remain indoors, self-isolate for two weeks if symptoms are displayed, avoid bulk buying, wash hands and practice social distancing.[77]
Jblf.jpg Jomblonisme On 28 March, Jomblonisme government performed disinfectant spraying on government premises and citizens' houses in Bengkuring City and its surroundings. The authority also distributed free hand sanitizer to its citizens.[78]
Kingdom of InfinityLand On 4 April, the InfinityLand government closed borders, ports, and all trade ports (except for the Bladesharp trade port).
Kingdom of Bladesharp On 4 April, the Bladesharp government closed ports and trade ports (except for the InfinityLand trade port)
Kingdom of Talossa La Curantoina (evening show) program has been launched to get cocience about Covid-19. There are currently no Talossans infected.[79]
Baránokflagnew.png Federal Republic of Baránok On 8th March 2020, Government of Baránok (at that time Połiak-Baránok) closed borders of Gyögiszertár, the capital city. Now, it's required to wear facial cover as coronavirus spreads in the neighbouring macronation of Slovakia.
Flag of the Kingdom of Efransa.jpeg Kingdom of Efransa On April 27, 2020, the first day of the newly formed Parliament, the National Coronavirus Response Act was passed, declaring a state of emergency and suspending all government activity, with all powers vested in the King. No one may enter the Prefectures, and all are mandated to stay within their homes in Caisonia.
Nflag3.svg Grand Navārdian Commonwealth In early March, a suspected coronavirus case occurred in New Santiago. Though this was later found to be a false alarm, the Special Administrative Region was almost immediately put on lockdown. This lockdown was spread to the entirety of Navārdia on April 3rd, when Georgia governor Brian Kemp began a stay-at-home order for the state. Since the Georgia lockdown has begun to end, no further orders have been declared by the Navārdian government.
Misberia Flag.png Directive of Misberia On April 2nd 2020 after Misberia was refounded the nation placed a Shelter in Place Order on the entire nation and strongly advised all nationals to listen to their local macronational authorities. During the month of April the National Directive Council allocated national funds to those who needed additional funds to obtain medical and other needs. On May 13th 2020, the town of Presque announced they were lifting the Shelter in Place order following local authorities. On May 18th 2020, Misberia announced its first three cases in the capital of Songo. The Mayor of Songo addressed the citizens of both the City and Nation.

See also

References

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