For other uses, see Baránok (disambiguation).
| Federal Republic of Baránok EN|
Federálna republika Baránok SK
Honor to Baránok!
Location of Baránok within Europe[a]
Location of Baránok within Slovakia
|Official language(s)||Slovak, Baranese|
|Recognised languages||English, Old Baranese|
|Official religion(s)||Secular state|
|Government||De facto anarchy|
|- Prime Minister||Vacant|
|- President of the Federal Assembly||Vacant|
|- Chief Justice of the Supreme Court||Vacant|
|- Type||- unicameral|
|- Number of seats||- 7|
|Established||22 April 2018|
|Area claimed||cca 10,5 km²|
|National sport||Association football|
|This micronation was a member of the UAMW and the UWSM.|
The Federal Republic of Baránok (more commonly Baránok, Baranok or BRN, in Slovak Federálna republika Baránok, in Baranese Fedrl Republík d Barúnus) was a micronation located in Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia, and Romania. It had 13 citizens and area of cca 10,5 km². It was established on 22 April 2018 as the Republic of Baránok by Imrich Kvajda and A.H. The capital city was Gyögiszertár, which had 6 citizens. Baránok bordered with Slovakia and Romania. The Federal Republic was divided on four republics, three located in Bratislava and one in Romania. Baránok was also the co-founder and member of the now-defunct Union of Western Slovakian Micronations. Although Baránok does de facto not exist, it is part of the Confederation of Baránok and Talcon.
Word baránok means lamb in Slovak, but the name was chosen randomly as a compromise because the founders didn't know what name they could give to the new micronation, and not because the word is of Christian symbolism. The name was chosen immediately after the establishment of the First Republic.
First Republic of Baránok (April 2018-September 2019)
On 22 April 2018, two friends named Imrich Kvajda and A.H. from Bratislava, Slovakia decided to establish their own country. They named it Baránok. Baránok was originally established just for fun and it was not meant seriously, although founders said that they want Baránok to be an independent country. Then, Kvajda elected himself on the post of President and A.H. on the post of Prime Minister. The area of Baránok was small, it was formed only by two school desks and nothing else. However, shortly after Baránok was established, it fell to inactivity, because of other things that founders were interested in. Baránok was finally inactive for the rest of 2018 and for the most part of 2019, although it was sometimes revived. This period is called First Republic of Baránok or the Dark Period because we don't know much about it.
Second Republic of Baránok (September 2019-January 2020)
On 5 September 2019, a school trip occurred where Imrich Kvajda and A.H. re-established Baránok after a long discussion about it. Then, a war named The Stone War begun after a group of pupils threw small, gravel stones on the other group. The war was long, but luckily, no one was injured. One of the groups was named "Baranese Army".
It had 10 members, including Kvajda and A.H. When the war ended, all the members of the army joined to Baránok. In general elections, government with M.B. as Prime Minister took power and Kvajda was re-elected President for the second time. In the afternoon, another three citizens joined. That ended the era of the First Republic and the Second Republic began. On 8 October 2019, Declaration of Independence was signed by 5 citizens. This day is celebrated as the Independence Day. In this time, the motto Honor to Baránok! was designed by the Prime Minister M.B. It is used as Baranese motto to present day.
In November 2019, it was announced that a new parliament will be established because the old one was inactive. On 5 December 2019, first parliamentary elections were held. Socialist Party came victorious and formed a coalition with the People's Alliance and Canalization Party. On 23 December 2019, a political crisis occurred as 4 MPs left the coalition because they thought that under a Socialist government, the country will quickly turn into a dictatorship. However, the dictatorship wasn't established and the crisis ended on the Christmas Eve, but early elections were announced to be held in January 2020. Also on the Christmas Eve, the First Constitution of Baránok was made. It was handwritten and now, the original is in the Baranese National Archive.
January 2020 was supposed to be an important month because parliamentary, presidential and governmental elections were supposed to be held. But on 16 January, two unexpected things happened: One Baranese citizen left the country, so there were only 12 citizens. Another citizen left to form a country named Połiak. The leadership of Baránok split into two sides: one wanted to form a federal republic or confederation with Połiak, and the second side wanted military intervention to Połiak and its annexation by Baránok.[b] However, the federalist side won and a new micronation named Połiak-Baránok was formed. The Second Republic ended.
Połiak-Baránok Federation (January-March 2020)
On 20 January 2020, Baránok joined the Połiak-Baránok Federation. There were many riots between Połiakese and Baranese people. The federation was shortlived, because after two months, on 22 and 23 March, a referendum was held about the dissolution of the Federation. It ended with 5 votes for dissolution and 2 against, and 6 people not voting, so Połiak-Baránok was dissolved.
Third Republic of Baránok (3 March 2020)
On 3 March 2020, Kvajda and A.H. said to Połiak-Baranese President S.D. that they declare the independence of Baránok from Połiak-Baránok, because they didn't like the situation in the country.[c] But then, S.D. said to Kvajda that he was appointed Prime Minister of Połiak-Baránok by him, so they quickly dissolved Baránok. We can call this short period of Baranese independence from Połiak-Baránok the Third Republic of Baránok, although it was de facto the same as the First Republic, as it had only two citizens and area of two school desks, although not on the same place as in the First Republic.
Fourth Republic of Baránok (March 2020-January 2021)
After announcing the dissolution of Połiak-Baránok, many Baranese people were happy that the country is independent once again. On the day of re-establishing of Baránok, temporary government of Transitional State Council took power. But it lasted another three or four days to elect the President. Finally, T.L. was elected and assumed office on 29 April with Kvajda as Deputy President. On 4th April, Kvajda was elected as President, and on 8th April, the Transitional State Council was dissolved after parliamentary election, in which T.L. became Prime Minister. Then, many reforms occurred, such as Army Reform or Economy Reform and first three governors of republics were also appointed. On 22 April, Kvajda resigned from post of President, and A.H. was elected by the Federal Assembly as new President. On 25 April, first local elections were held and on 28 April 2020, Baránok was recognized by first micronation. On 27 May, Baránok co-founded the Union of Western Slovakian Micronations. On 27 July 2020, Baranese mark replaced Euro as the official currency of the country, and became the official currency from 1 August. On 6 November 2020, the Supreme Court of Baránok was established as the highest judicial body in the country and the judges were elected on 26 November 2020. On 10 December 2020, the government of K.Č. was dissolved after protests and a coup and M.M. became the new Prime Minister, but resigned the next day and T.L. was elected to the post. In parliamentary election in January 2021, Oľga Bebečková became the first female Prime Minister of the country, but an unexpected thing happened after she resigned and retired from politics on 27 January.
On 27 January 2021, Baránok was dissolved after months of political unstability and resignation of Oľga Bebečková, the Prime Minister, which resulted in third vacancy of the post in only a month.
Fifth Republic of Baránok and Baránok-Talcon confederation
M.B. stated that he will re-establish Baránok when "coronavirus will end". Imrich Kvajda later stated that there is a cca. 35% chance of re-establishment of the country. There was an attempt to re-establish Baránok in April 2021 by asking the former citizens if they wish so in a poll, however, after Talcon resumed activity, this action was temporarily cancelled. But M.B. decided to continue in the process anyway, and on 7 April 2021, he announced that Baránok will be re-established soon. Majority of the citizens accepted to rejoin the country, although some, such as former President A.H., and former Prime Ministers T.L. and Oľga Bebečková, declined. On 16 April 2021, it was announced that Talcon and Baránok will form a confederation the next day. Baránok, however, does not engage in the confederation very much (similarly to Talcon) and was proclaimed an anarchy several times, as the state has no government or President and basically exists only on paper.
Government and politics
Baránok was a federal parliamentary republic with elements of direct democracy (like people could vote about changes in constitution), but the system was not so used as it was expected to. The highest political post in Baránok was the Prime Minister, and the President served as the head of state. The last Prime Minister was Oľga Bebečková and the last President was A.H. The Government was divided to three branches:
- Executive: The Prime Minister and ministers
- Legislative: The Federal Assembly
- Judiciary: The Supreme Court
There were six political parties and one coalition in the Federal Republic. Politics were very popular in Baránok, as nearly all citizens participated in some of the parties. There were also plans to establish regional political parties, but were not realised, as there was a lack of interest in this idea.
|Name||President||Political position||Ideology||Seats in Federal Assembly|
|Democratic Party||DP||Collective leadership||Centre-left||Social liberalism|
|Drunk and Corrupt||DaC||P.L.||Political middle||Frivolous political party|
|Safety and Sport-Social Democracy||S&S-SD||S.S.||Right-wing||Right-wing populism|
|Free Baránok||FB||K.Č.||Centre-right||Classical liberalism|
|People's Alliance||PA||A.H.||Political middle||Social liberalism|
|For decent and modern Baránok||ZSAMB||Oľga Bebečková||Centre-left||Social liberalism|
The Federal Assembly (or the FA) was the unicameral legislature of Baránok. It had 7 MPs, that were elected in elections every six months. The MPs had a great power in the state, because they voted about all important things and laws of the state.
The President was the third-highest constitutional position in the Federal Republic and the head of state. He/She had the right to veto bills passed by the Federal Assembly. The President was elected for one year term, which was renewable once.
The Prime Minister
The Prime Minister was the highest constitutional position in Baránok. His/Her rights were unspecified, but although, it was the person with the most authority in Baránok.
The President of the Federal Assembly
The President of the Federal Assembly was the second-highest constitutional position in the country. He/She led the Federal Assembly. M.M. was the President of the FA. The deputy of the President was the Deputy President. This post belonged to the opposition but was vacant for all of its existence.
The Supreme Court of Baránok was the highest judicial body in the country. It was composed of 3 Judges. One of these was the Chief Justice. The terms of the judges were unknown.
The Chief Justice
The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court was the head of the Court and thus had the biggest authority from the Judges.
Sports were very popular in Baránok. The national sport of Baránok was association football. It was played by the majority of the population. Basketball, cycling, judo, floorball and many other sports were also practised.
Administrative divisions and cities
Baránok was divided into 4 republics: Republic of School, Republic of New Pennsylvania, Republic of Ada Island and Republic of Riparian Woodlands, from which the fourth was the biggest. There were only two cities in Baránok: Gyögiszertár (the capital) and Goji.
|Republic of School||March 2020||Oľga Bebečková|
|Republic of New Pennsylvania||March 2020[d]||T.L.|
|Republic of Riparian Woodlands||March 2020||S.S.|
|Republic of Ada Island||17 July 2020||K.Č.|
|Gyögiszertár||5 September 2019[e]||T.L.|
|Goji||April 2020||Imrich Kvajda|
Baranese economy was not very progressive. In fact, Baránok lived from creating newspapers (like Baranese Telegraph), or from the production of ballots. There were also some companies (mostly government-owned), like Baranese Airlines or TV Baránok. Also, there were three banks in Baránok: National, "The Bank of Three Pigs",[f] and private-owned Bertold Bank. The currency of Baránok was the Baranese mark.
Baránok had no national dish, but some of the favourite foods were for example french fries or pancakes, or pizza, which was one of the most eaten dishes in Baránok. Cola (or the Czechoslovak variant of it, Kofola) was considered to be the national drink.
The most favourite music in Baránok was electronic and pop music, some of the population also liked rock music or metal music. Some notable Baranese music bands or musical artists included alternative rock band Cow on Curry or DJ Vemeno.
Cinematography and TV
In the history of Baránok, nearly no movies or documentaries were filmed, only a few, like a documentary named "Interview with I. Kvajda", but there were plans to film some new. TV Baránok and TV HNOJ were the two main broadcasters in the country.
There were not many media in the history of Baránok, but some historical examples include Political or Word of Baránok.
The two official languages of Baránok were Slovak and Baranese. Old Baranese and English were also used. Most people in Baránok spoke Slovak.
The Constitution said that Baránok is a secular state with freedom of religion and people can profess one or more religion. Most of Baranese people were Atheist. Other religions included Christianity or Breadism.
Baránok had only one school, the University of Gyögiszertár, so we can say that the education system was not so developed in the country. The Ministry of Citizens took care of education.
The military of Baránok (or Armed Forces of Baránok) was relatively big, as it had cca. 8 members from 13 citizens. It was divided on three branches: the land branch (the Army), the Navy, and the Air Forces. The Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces is President, the last one being A.H.
- Democracy Index: 7.7-Flawed democracy (2021)
- Freayth's system of classification: 4-High (2020)
- CGSC: 2.6-Average (2020)
Baránok has developed foreign relations with two micronations. The Ministry of Defence took care of foreign relations. Baránok was a member of two organizations: the UWSM, which Baránok co-founded, and the Union Against Micronational War.
- Kvajda, Imrich. "Baránok expanding territory to Romania". Baranese Telegraph. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
- Kvajda, Imrich. "Minutes from the 2020 Presidential Elections". Baranese Telegraph. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
- Kvajda, Imrich. "Parliamentary elections-CDA Wins". Baranese Telegraph. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- Kvajda, Imrich. "President resigns from his office after criticism". Baranese Telegraph. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
- Kvajda, Imrich. "Minutes from the Presidential Elections". Baranese Telegraph. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
- Kvajda, Imrich. "New President assumes office+profile". Baranese Telegraph. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
- Kvajda, Imrich. "Baránok and Pinang signed treaty about recognition". Baranese Telegraph. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
- Kvajda, Imrich. "New currency of Baránok-The mark". Baranese Telegraph. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
- Kvajda, Imrich. "Creation of the Supreme Court approved". Baranese Telegraph. Retrieved 6 November 2020.
- Kvajda, Imrich. "Judicial election: Full results". Baranese Telegraph. Retrieved 27 November 2020.
- Romanian territory is not on the map.
- Especially the Minister of Defence S.S., who hadn't good relations with Połiaks.
- There was a political crisis in Połiak-Baránok.
- As Republic of Vineyards.
- As School Ave.
- It was called like that because the money is in three piggy banks.