Republic of Suverska

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Republic of Suverska
2020 Suverska Flag.png    2020 Suverskan Arms.png
Symbols of Suverska

Motto
Virtue in all things.

Suverska Map 2020.png
Location of Suverska

Capital Paskrai (de jure)
Veskrai (de facto)

Language English (de facto)

Ethnic groups Majority Slavic

Religions Majority Christian

Demonyms Suverskan (or Suverian)

Membership ULS, UAMW, NAMCO, UCI

Government        Unitary parliamentary representative republic
 • Legislative National Assembly
 • Executive Federal Council
 • Judicial People's Court

Formation
 • Autonomy October 27, 2013
 • Independence March 27, 2014

Area 5.91 km²

Population 40

Currency Canadian Dollar (CAD)
Cabin Dolar (SCD)

Time zone UTC−06:00

Date format CE yyyy.mm.dd

Driving side right

Government Website

Suverska (suːvɛəɹska), officially the Republic of Suverska and formerly the Republic of Suwerenny, is a prairie micronation in North America with a population of 40 and an area of 5.91 km². Its twelve administrative divisions, which include nine krais and three obeks, consist of enclaves and exclaves landlocked entirely within the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. Although most government functions are performed in Veskrai, the official capital is Paskrai, and since 2016, the country's government has been led by a coalition of the Progressive Union and its allies.

The land that is now Suverska was inhabited by various groups of indigenous peoples for thousands of years prior to European colonisation. European settlement in the area can be traced back to the 1840s, and the region was incorporated into Canada in 1870. Throughout the 20th Century, the ancestors of today's Suverians immigrated to the area, mostly from Eastern Europe following both world wars. Today, most Suverians remain of Eastern European origin; the 2020 Census of Suverska found that over three in four Suverskans have Slavic ancestry.

In October 2013, the nation was formed under the name the Republic of Suwerenny, and in March 2014, it declared independence from Canada. Suverska is a parliamentary democracy and a federal republic. Its original constitution, which was written in March 2014, remained in effect until the 2020 Constitution, which made changes to the country's borders, land claims, administrative divisions, electoral system, and form of government. As well, the country is a member of the Union Against Micronational War, the North American Micronational Culture Organization, the Union Cycliste Intermicronationale, and the Union of Leftist States.

Etymology

The name Suverska originates from the earlier name for the nation, Suwerenny, which was declared as the name for the republic in the 2014 Constitution. The name Suwerenny comes from the Polish word suwerenny, meaning sovereign, which was chosen to represent the claim to sovereignty that the nation makes. In the updated 2020 Constitution, the name of the nation was changed from Suwerenny to Suverska, an altered version of the original name that had found its way into common use.

History

The land that is now Suverska was inhabited by various indigenous peoples for thousands of years prior to European colonisation, notably the Blackfoot, Cree, and Sioux peoples. European settlement in the area can be traced back to the 1840s. Upon the arrival of European settlers, the region also became inhabited by many British, German, and Métis people. The region was incorporated into Canada in 1870 as a part of the Northwest Territories and later as a part of Saskatchewan in 1905. The ancestors of today's Suverians immigrated to the area, mostly from Eastern Europe, throughout the 20th Century.

Formation

The predecessor to modern Suverska, originally called the Republic of East Butte but today referred to as the Early Republic, was founded on October 27, 2013 in the former capital district. With a population of five, the republic claimed the dove as its national animal and, in stark contrast to the modern Suverska, called the Eastern Orthodox Church its official religion. The republic was short-lived. The nation's legislature made its second and final sitting on November 13, 2013, and the government ceased functions the next day.

A photo taken in 2015 of the landscape in the region of Paskrai.

On March 27, 2014, the former Republic of East Butte declared independence from Canada as the Republic of Suwerenny. Two days later, the first constitution, as well as a finalised declaration of independence from Canada, were written. As well, the nation's first political party, the Liberal-Socialists Party (now the Progressive Union) was formed. A border was drawn, and the nation, now separate from Canada, was split between the Republic of East Butte, which went by the name 'Republic' despite being a province, and the Suwerenny Capital District, or SCD. By the end of April 2014, the Provinces of Flosland and Pasqua joined the republic, as well as the Southern Territory, bringing the nation's population up to 10.

Early history

In May 2014, Suwereny entered the international micronational community when it began foreign relations with other countries and organisations. Informal relations began with the Republic of Molossia, which included communication between the two nations' leaders as well as the recognition of the other countries. The country joined the Union Against Micronational War on May 8, 2014, and so it has continued to lack an active armed force outside of its own borders. Other informal diplomatic relationships began with the Empire of Austenasia, People's Republic of Hashima and the Great Empire of Dikameppra later that month, as well.

Between 2014 and 2019, the nation's population grew significantly from 10 to 36 people, gaining citizens each year except for 2018 (when the country experienced a 3% decrease in population). As well, every election during this time period resulted in a government led by the Liberal-Socialists, who later became known as the Liberal-Democrats (and now the Progressive Union), even though they failed to win the most seats in the 2016 election. 2016 saw the entrance of two new political parties to Suverskan politics–the Green Party and the Medical First Party–and by 2019, that number had grown to seven.

Recent history

Historical CGSC scores
  • Low development (2013 – 2014)
  • Medium development (2015 – 2017)
  • Low development (2018 – 2019)
  • High development (2020)

On March 27, 2020, a new constitution, commonly known as the 2020 Constitution, began being written. This foundation of a new political structure for the country began the time known as the New Republic. Since this time, the nation has also extended its foreign relations by joining the Union of Leftist States and initiating communications with multiple nations. As well, the electoral system switched from a first-past-the-post system to a combination of mixed-member proportional representation and the single transferable vote system.

The following federal election, which took place quickly after the new constitution was implemented on April 2, 2020, saw the alliance between the nation's three left-leaning Our Coalition parties–the Progressive Union, Medical First Party, and Green Party form government while the right-leaning Family Party and Canada Party were the two largest opposition parties.

The 2020 Constitution also saw the Suverskan government remove claims from multiple territories that were uninhabited by Suverskan residents, while claims were also extended to other places, bringing the national population up to a total of 40. The nation's internal borders were also redrawn with the new constitution. Administrative divisions were divided between krais, which are urban, populated regions, and obeks, which are rural, unpopulated regions.

Around the same time as the writing of the 2020 Constitution, the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic began affecting the daily lives of Suverskan citizens due to its impact in the neighbouring nation of Canada. Schools and universities across Canada were closed due to the pandemic, and so students were educated in Suverska as part of a programme put into action by the Public Enterprise of Domestic Affairs. As well, the government urged its citizens to practice social distancing by staying home except for the purposes of working in essential services, obtaining food, or receiving healthcare in Canada, and to self-isolate for a minimum of two weeks if symptoms appear.

As of 2020, Suverska has a score of 3.20 on the Categoric-Gradial System of Classification, which places it in the high category of development.

Geography and climate

A pronghorn in Akawobek, the national animal of the country.

By total land area, Suverska is about half the size of Monaco, but despite its small size, the country has a diverse geography which consists of prairie, aspen parkland, valleys, and lakes. The urban areas where most of the population lives are located on a flat, treeless plain. The biodiversity of the nations is typical of the Great Plains, as common wildlife of Suverska include the coyote, red and swift fox, bobcat, lynx, white-tailed deer, and the pronghorn. The diversity of Suverska's plants and animals are represented in the nation's symbols, which includes the pronghorn, chokecherry, chokecherry.

Most of the nation experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb), while some regions experience a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc). All regions of Suverska experience with warm summers and cold winters where precipitation is heaviest in late spring and early summer as rain, while snow is common in the winter months. July and August are the warmest months, with temperatures going as high as above 40 °C (104 °F) a few times a year, although the nights are still cold in the summer. In the winter, temperatures regularly drop below -40 °C (-40 °F) with wind chill.



  2020 Summer storms in Suverska  
Storm Dates active Weather conditions Highest
wind gust
Total
rainfall
Max.
temperature
Arona April 26 Wind, drizzle, sandstorm (in some regions) 85 km/h (53 mph) 0.0 mm (0.0 in) 17°C (63°F)
Bloom April 30 to May 2 Wind 67 km/h (42 mph) 0.2 mm (0.1 in) 27°C (81°F)
Cave May 17 to 21 Wind, heat 68 km/h (42 mph) 0.2 mm (0.1 in) 32°C (90°F)
Deer May 26 to 28 Wind, thunderstorm, sandstorm (in some regions) 88 km/h (55 mph) 2.5 mm (0.1 in) 22°C (72°F)
Exira May 31 to June 4 Wind, heat, sandstorm (in some regions) 82 km/h (51 mph) 0.0 mm (0.0 in) 31°C (88°F)
Firdale June 6 to 7 Wind, light rain, sandstorm (in some regions) 81 km/h (50 mph) 6.5 mm (0.3 in) 23°C (73°F)
Gregg June 13 to 15 Wind, rain, sandstorm (in some regions) 80 km/h (50 mph) 14.2 mm (0.6 in) 30°C (86°F)
Harte July 3 (ongoing) Thunderstorm TBD TBD TBD

Government and politics

The political system of Suverska.

Suverska has a multi-party political system. Following the June 2020 federal election, the largest parties were the socialist Progressive Union, populist Family Party, centrist Canada Party, and neoconservative National Party. As well, many independent candidates successfully run in elections. From 2014 to 2019, elections took place as a first-past-the-post voting system similar to that used in Canada, but from 2020 onwards, elections took place using mixed-member proportional representation and ranked voting.

Law

The 2020 Constitution of Suverksa is the supreme law of the country. The constitution is a short, dynamic document that is regularly changed by the populace as per non-mandatory referendums. The laws that govern the country consist entirely of the 2020 Constitution and law-related acts made by the Federal Council (executive) and National Assembly (legislative). Laws are consistent and uniform across the nation, and the laws of Canada and Saskatchewan still apply in the country.

Civil law prevails in Suverska, and the nation's laws are interpreted by the People's Court, which, in each case, consists of a random selection of two Federal Council members plus three other citizens, in which the highest-ranking Federal Council member directs the session. Cases settled by the People's Court are non-binding outside of that specific case, meaning that they only apply on a case-by-case basis unless the decision is later adapted into an act or amended into the Constitution. As of June 2020, no court sessions have taken place during the New Republic.

In the case that the Constitution conflicts with an act made by the Federal Council or National Assembly, the words of the Constitution (which are written by the people, therefore giving the people the ultimate power) are supreme, which is decided at the discretion of the People's Court. In order for a constitutional amendment to be voted on by the people in a referendum, the idea must either collect at least 10 signatures in an official petition or be organised by the Federal Council or National Assembly in their regular meetings.

Government structure

The structure of the National Assembly sorted by seat type: West (red), Central (yellow), and East (green), and eleven overhang seats (grey).
The structure of the Federal Council of Suverska.

The Suverksan government is made up of a legislative, executive, and judicial branch. The National Assembly, which is the legislative branch, creates laws. The Federal Council, which is the executive branch and the head of government, is a five-member council that leads the country and its Public Enterprises, and also creates laws. The People's Court, as described in the above section, is the judicial branch of government.

The National Assembly consists of twenty-one members who represent their regions and/or parties and are directly and indirectly elected by eligible voters every twelve months or less with no term limits. Elections to the National Assembly take place using mixed-member proportional representation, in which ten of the twenty-one seats are filled using ranked voting while the other eleven seats are overhang seat which are awarded based on party popular vote and filled by members from the party list. Party lists are made public to the voters prior to the election.

The executive branch is comprised of the Federal Council, a five-member council that collectively leads the country, similar to the Swiss Bundesrat. After each general election, the five members are chosen based on the popular vote percentages of the parties. Each representative is chosen off of the parties' lists, and each member of the council is specialised in leading one of the five Public Enterprises.

It is also required that the majority of Federal Council members cannot be from the same party or representing the same region, meaning that the selection process goes down a party's list until a suitable member is found, with parties who got a higher percentage of votes having earlier choices for their Federal Council members. There must also be at least one representative from each of the three constituencies.

The current composition of the National Assembly and Federal Council can be found on their wiki page.

Foreign Relations

Suverska creates and maintains foreign relationships with other nations and organisations through its Public Enterprise of Foreign Affairs, and the country is known to seek out and establish foreign relationships with nations of similar ideology, and ones that promote intermicronational peacekeeping and security. Suverska began its foreign presence in 2014 when it declared independence from and attempted to open communications with Canada.

Throughout May 2014, the nation engaged in informal communications with Kevin Baugh, the President of the Republic of Molossia, and in the following months, the country began its earliest formal diplomatic relations with the now-defunct nations, the People's Republic of Hashima and the Great Empire of Dikameppra. As of June 2020, Suverska has ambassadors to Canada, India, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, and the Unified Royal States of Australis, and the country has embassies in the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Unified Royal States of Australis. Notably, Suverska also recognises and has been in communications with the Central Tibetan Administration since April 2020.

The nation and its political parties have also been a part of various intermicronational organisations, including the North American Micronational Culture Organization, Union Against Micronational War, the former United Micronations, and most notably, the Union of Leftist States, in which the country has played a key role in the founding and development of the organisation. Also, the Progressive Union is a member of the Intermicronational Socialist Forum and the Intermicronational Socialist Alliance.

Krais and obeks

Population by krai (2020 Census)
Straskrai
  
20.0%
Kaskrai
  
17.5%
Tumakrai
  
12.5%
Veskrai
  
12.5%
All others, nie
  
37.5%

Since the 2020 Constitution, Suverska has been a unitary state composed of nine krais and three obeks, all of which are enclaves and exclaves landlocked entirely within the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. Krais are populated, more developed, and oftentimes urban regions of the country, while all three obeks are rural and unpopulated. The nine krais are grouped into three groups called constituencies, which are used for electoral and statistical purposes. Obeks and krais, on the other hand, are used for every other subdivisional purpose. The largest krai is Kaskrai based on area and Straskrai based on population, while Foskrai is the least populous and Norenkrai is the smallest by area. Foskrai is also the oldest region of the country, while Kaskrai is the newest. All three obeks are larger than any group of krais combined. However, the obeks are all unpopulated.

Economy

Suverska's economy is a partially-regulated market, and transactions in the country take place using the Canadian Dollar or the local Cabin Dollar. Almost all trading is done between Suverska and Canada, while some trading takes place with the United States. Most Suverskans are employed in Canada and import goods back into Suverska, causing the country to import more goods than it exports. Common imports into Suverska include foods and perishable goods, gasoline, plastic products, and sports equipment, while common exports include waste, produce, lumber, newsprint, and music. Suverska's main industries include tourism, agricultrue and horticulture, and the media industry.

Education

Under normal circumstances, all school-aged citizens of Suverska attend public or independent schools in the neighbouring nation of Canada. However, due to the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic, schools and universities across Canada were closed, leaving all of Suverska's school-aged citizens without any regular form of education. Because of this, the government created a special programme for educating students in Suverska. This program was later integrated into the Public Enterprise of Domestic Affairs.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
20137—    
201410+42.9%
201516+60.0%
201621+31.2%
201723+9.5%
201833+43.5%
201933+0.0%
202040+21.2%

The 2020 Suverskan Census, which was taken on June 30, counted the nation's total population as 40, an increase of 21.2 percent from the result of the 2019 Census. Between June 2018 and June 2020, Suverska's population grew by seven people as a result of the annexation of Kaskrai in 2019 and new residents being born in the country. Since its founding in 2013, the nation has grown greatly from its original seven residents mostly because as a result of the expansion of the country's borders. Suverska's population density of 6.8 people per square kilometre (17.5/sq mi) is considered very low by international standards, with the statistic being comparable to that of Kazakhstan and the Central African Republic. Despite this, the country is extremely urbanised, with 85.0 percent of the population living in cities or towns.

Suverska has a young population. In 2019, it was estimated that 40.5% of the population was below the age of 18, and that the median population was 30.1 years, with that statistic being slightly higher for women (30.3 years) than men (29.9 years). The two most prominent age groups in the nation are youth and working-age citizens, and as of the 2020 Census, the male and female population of Suverska was equal (both 50.0 percent). The nation's life expectancy at birth is currently estimated to be 83 years. Also as of 2020, the large majority of Suverskans (92.5 percent) live in family households, while 7.5 percent of Suverians live alone. The average size of a household is 3.08 people, with house sizes ranging from one person to six people.

Religion

Religions in Suverska (2020 est.)
Eastern Orthodox
  
35.0%
Roman Catholic
  
25.0%
Christian, nie
  
15.0%
Other religions
  
7.5%
Non-religious
  
17.5%

No official statistic of religion in Suverska has ever been recorded, but the nation is estimated to be a fairly religious nation by church membership. However, most of the nation's residents are relaxed adherers to their faiths, as the average weekly church attendance among Suverskans is estimated to be very low. Despite low attendance numbers, most Suverians are members of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada or the Roman Catholic Church. A 2020 study by the Public Enterprise of Domestic Affairs estimated that Christians make up approximately three-quarters of the national population, including at least 30 percent Eastern Orthodox and 25 percent Roman Catholic, while the other 25 percent of citizens are non-religious or members of other religions.

Language and ethnicity

Ethnic origins of Suverskans (2020 Census)
Polish
  
75.0%
Ukrainian
  
62.5%
Chinese
  
12.5%
Hungarian
  
7.5%
European, nie
  
72.5%

The 2020 Census of Suverska found that the nation is mostly home to white Canadians of European descent, as well as some Candians of Chinese descent and people of two or more races (10.0 percent). The Census results found that 97.5 percent of Suverskans have some European ancestry, which includes Polish (75.0 percent), Ukrainian (62.5 percent), and Hungarian (7.5 percent) ancestry, while 12.5 percent of the nation's residents have some Chinese ancestry. 12.5 percent of Suverians are visible minorities.

According to the 2020 Census, 92.5 percent of Suverksans were born in Canada and 2.5 percnet in Poland, while only 5.0 percent of residents were born in Suverska itself. In a similar statistic, 82.5 percnet of Suverskans reported in the 2020 Census that both of their parents were born in Canada, while 10.0 percent said one parent and 7.5 percent neither.

Suverska has no official language, although English acts as the de facto official language and the lingua franca of communication within the nation's government and between citizens. The 2020 Census of Suverska found that 90.0 percent of Suverskans speak English as their mother tongue, while other common mother tongues included Cantonese, Polish, and Ukrainian. As well, every adult Suverskan is able to read, write, and speak in English, while some people can carry a conversation in Cantonese, French, and various Slavic languages.

Culture

Pond hockey is a popular outdor activity in Suverska, especially Paskrai.

Suverian culture resembles the culture of the neighbouring country of Canada and is also greatly influenced by Eastern European culture and Christian traditions. Like Canada, Suverska's people and its government place an emphasis multiculturalism and equality. Suverians value their nation's peaceful foreign policy, emphasis on the rights and freedoms of all, and its national park system. Historically, Suverska and its citizens have been influenced by Ukrainian and Polish culture, which are the nations where most of its citizens' ancestors immigrated from. Because of this, many Suverians practice and continue to value traditions from these cultures, such as egg decorating and other Christian traditions.

Popular sports in Suverska include ice hockey, baseball, and Canadian football. Many Suverians are fans of the Canadian Football League's Saskatchewan Roughriders. The national sport of Suverska is ice hockey, and the country is also a member of the Union Cycliste Intermicronationale.

Holidays

A traditional Ukrainian Orthodox meal eaten on Christmas Eve, photo taken in Tumakrai in 2020.

Because of their Christian backgrounds (specifically Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic), many Suverians observe traditional Christian holidays such as Christmas and Easter Sunday. While Christianity is not the state religion of Suverksa (as it has no state religion), many Christian holidays are still recognised by the government because of their importance to a large portion of the populace. Recognised religious holidays include Eastern and Western Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, Good Friday, Easter Sunday, and All Souls' Day, while secular holidays include New Year's Day, Independence Day (March 27; celebrating Suverska's independence), May Day, Family Day (second Monday in October), Rememberance Day, and Holodomor Memorial Day (fourth Saturday in November).

Symbols

Various symbols are used to represent Suverska and its people, such as the national flag and coat of arms. Along with these formal symbols, the government has also declared that the national sport is ice hockey, the national animal is the Pronghorn (antilocapra americana), the national fruit is the chokecherry (prunus virginiana), and the national flower is the marigold (calendula officinalis).

References