Government of Suverska

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Government of Suverska
Suverska Government Diagram A.png
Diagram of the political system of Suverska. Note that this was a proposed representation during the transitional period and is not entirely correct.
Formation2013; 8 years ago
Founding
document
Constitution of
Suverska
(2014, 2021)
Country2020 Suverska Flag.png Suverska
Legislative Branch
LegislatureNational Assembly
Meeting placePaskrai
Executive branch
LeaderNational Council
AppointerNational Assembly
Main organMinistries
Departments5
Judicial branch
CourtPeople's Court
Historical government types

* † In addition to provisional governments
from 2013–2014 and from 2019–2021

The Government of Suverska was the body responsible for the administration of the Republic of Suverska. While the Suverian government can trace its origins back to the provisional government associated with the founding of the nation in 2013, the final construct of the government was established in the 2021 Constitution of Suverska.[1]

From 2014 to 2019, the nation was a parliamentary republic with an executive cabinet and a president elected by popular vote. During this time, Suverska’s political scene was dominated by the Liberal-Socialists (initially called the Suwerenny Party), who formed majority governments in 2014 and 2016 followed by a minority government in 2018. Opposition to the Liberal-Socialists included the Canada Party, Prairie Party, and numerous unaffiliated politicians.[1]

Between 2019 and 2021, Suverska underwent a two-year transitional period that was prompted by a national referendum and pressure from opposition parties. On May 3, 2021, the 2021 Constitution of Suverska went into effect. The nation was then a unitary semi-direct democracy in which all citizens of voting age are a part of the nonpartisan legislature and five elected citizens make up the executive National Council. Although the final government was nonpartisan, the Liberal-Socialists continued to operate as Libsoš, and it's leader, Atyko Robijovych, served as the nation's second president until that office was disbanded.[1]

The National Assembly made up the legislative branch of government, while the National Council and People's Court made up the executive and judicial branches, respectively.[1]

Branches of government

Executive

The structure of the National Council of Suverska.

The executive branch was comprised of the National Council, a five-member council that collectively leads the country, similar to the Swiss Bundesrat. Elections to the National Council take place each January, in which members are elected by the National Assembly using instant-runoff voting, and recall legislation exists that can remove an individual of their role on the Fedearl Council through the National Assembly.[1]

The National Council governed as a nonpartisan consensus government, and each of its five members direct one of the government's five ministries. The Ministry of Democracy is responsible for the functioning of democracy in Suverska; the Ministry of Domestic Affairs is responsible for the government's relationship with its citizens and the well being of the citizens; the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is responsible for the government's relationships beyond its borders; the Ministry of Finance is responsible for the government's finances; and the Ministry of Energy and Environment is responsible for the environment and natural resources of Suverska.[1]

The past composition of the National Council (2021–2022) is as follows.

Members of the National Council
Council Democracy Domestic Affairs Energy/environment Finance Foreign Affairs
1st 2021[a] Private member Shaja Kachka Private member Private member Atyko Robijovych
2nd 2022 Private member
Final[b] Vacant

Legislative

The National Assembly of Suverska, which was the legislative branch of government, created laws known as Acts. Prior to the 2021 Constitution, the National Assembly consisted of nine partisan members elected to two-year terms using mixed-member proportional representation). Since the implementation 2021 Constitution, the National Assembly was a nonpartisan collective of all voting-age citizens of Suverska. As opposed to the National Council which meets monthly, the National Assembly meets less regularly and votes on laws using liquid democatic means.[1]

Holova

The Holova (lit. chairman; full title: Holova of the Government of Suverska) is the title given to the presiding officer of the National Council and National Assembly. This role is selected by the National Assembly from the members of the National Council, with the Holova of the previous session of government being granted the right of first refusal to be appointed to the job (which still must be put up to election) if they are re-elected to the National Council. Out of any member of the National Council, the member with the role of Holova best fits the description of head of state.

Since the inception of the role in 2021, the Holova has been Atyko Robijovych.

List of Holovas of the Government of Suverska
No. Name Term of office Duration Party
1 Atyko Robijovych 3 May 2021 23 Feb 2022 296 days Libsoš
2 Private member 23 Feb 2022 24 Feb 2022 1 day Libsoš

Judicial

The 2021 Constitution of Suverska was the supreme law of the country, followed by the Acts of the Government (together they make up Suverian Law). The constitution is a short, dynamic document that is changed by the populace via mandatory referendums. The laws that govern the country consist entirely of the 2021 Constitution and law-related acts made by the National Council (executive) and National Assembly (legislative). Laws are consistent and uniform across the nation, and the laws of Canada and Saskatchewan still apply in the country.[1]

Civil law prevailed in Suverska, and the nation's laws are interpreted by the People's Court, which, in each case, consists of a random selection of two National Council members plus three other citizens, in which the highest-ranking National Council member directs the session. Cases settled by the People's Court are non-binding outside of that specific case, meaning that they only apply on a case-by-case basis unless the decision is later adapted into an act or amended into the Constitution.[1]

In the case that the Constitution conflicts with an act made by the National Council or National Assembly, the words of the Constitution (which are written by the people, therefore giving the people the ultimate power) are supreme, which is decided at the discretion of the People's Court. In order for a constitutional amendment to be voted on by the people in a referendum, the idea must either collect at least 10 signatures in an official petition or be organised by the National Council or National Assembly in their regular meetings.[1]

Ideology

Non-partisan, direct democracy

The government of Suverska was structured to encourage direct, individual participation and nonpartisan, consensus governance. Implementations that promote direct democracy in the Suverian government include universal suffrage, an elected executive council with recall legislation, and a legislative assembly assembly comprising of all adult citizens which functions via liquid democratic means.

Parliamentary groups

Suverska’s three parliamentary groupsCanada, Libsoš, and the Prairie Party—effectively functioned as political parties, thus making the country a de facto multi-party system. Libsoš, the oldest and most historically successful of the three groups, also operated a political party, the Libsoš Party outside of government, though not all Libsoš Councilmember Group members are members of the party. Suverska avoids polarized pluralism and experiences ideological stability by collaborative efforts between all three parties. Generally, political scientists have noted that Canada Party and Libsoš members work together against privitisation, Libsoš and Prairie Party members collaborate on decentralisation, and Prairie Party and Canada Party members work together on economic growth; while, on their own, Libsoš focuses on environmental issues and the Prairie Party focuses on issues concerning Meteora.

Name Symbol Founded FCMs (2022) Largest result Ideology Member organisations
Canada
Канадський
Canada party 2021.png 2014
2 / 5
 
2 / 5
(2022)
Big tent,
Canadian liberalism
Libsoš
Лібсоц
Libsos logo 2021 2.png 2014
2 / 5
 
3 / 5
(2014)
Left-wing populism,
environmentalism
Prairie Party
Прерія Партія
Prairie party 2021.png 2018
1 / 5
 
2 / 9
(2018)
Right-wing populism,
Meteoran regionalism

Decentralisation and devolution

According to Article 30 of the 2021 Constitution of Suverska, Meteora’s “unique status” as a less-integral region of Suverska “has called for the devolution of powers to be given to the region.” Though subordinate to the National Council and national government, the executive branch of Meteora is comprised of the Meteora Council, a three-member council similar in function to the National Council. The National Council governs as a nonpartisan consensus government, though has been heavily dominated by the Prairie Party. Each of its three members hold a title that make them responsible for a different aspect of Meteora’s devolved powers—that of the region’s agriculture, infrastructure, and finance and goods.[1]

The past composition of the Meteora Council (2021–2022) is as follows.

Executive
Members of the Meteora Council
Council Agriculture Finance Infrastructure
1st 2021 Private member Private member Shaja Kachka
Holova

Like that of the national government, Holova (full title: Holova of the Government of Meteora) was the title given to the presiding officer of the Meteora Council, with the role being selected by the three councilmembers themselves.

Since the inception of the role in 2021, the Holova had been Shaja Kachka.

List of Holovas of the Government of Suverska
No. Name Term of office Duration Party
1 Shaja Kachka 3 May 2021 24 Feb 2022 297 days Unaffiliated

Elections and referendums

National elections

Presidential elections (2014–2018)

In the 2014 election immediately following Suverska’s declaration of independence, John of Flosia was unanimously elected to the office of president. Two years later in the 2016 election, John of Flosia was re-elected as president with 89% of the vote. In the May 2018 election, John of Flosia was re-elected to a third term as president, while Taras of Meteora received significant support from voters in Meteora. Finally, in the October 2018 election, Atyko Robijovych becomes the second president of Suverska after defeating Taras of Meteora in the second round of voting.

Election John of
Flosia
Taras of
Meteora
Atyko
Robijovych
Karol of
Veskrai
Other Elected
2014 100% 0% John of Flosia
2016 89% 11%
2018 I 66% 29% 5%
2018 II 32%, 38% 36%, 62% 25%, 0% 7%, 0% Atyko Robijovych
Parliamentary elections (2014–2018)
All time seat counts in the Suverian legislature:
  Liberal-Socialist: 15 seats
  Other/independents: 5 seats
  Canada: 7 seats
  Prairie: 4 seats

In 2014, the Suwerenny Party, led by Atyko Robijovych, win 3 of 5 total seats. Independent candidates win seats in Paskrai and Flosia. In 2016, all incumbent members are re-elected while two Canada Party members are newly elected. The Suwerenny Party is now called the Liberal-Socialistsy. In 2018, the Liberal-Socialists and the Canada Party their previous seat counts while three Prairie Party members are newly elected in Meteora. The Liberal-Socialists form a minority government.

Election Lib.-Soc. Canada Prairie Other Government
2014 55.6%; 3 44.4%; 2 Libsoš majority
2016 47.3%; 4 36.9%; 2 15.8%; 1
2018 34.5%; 4 24.1%; 2 28.0%; 2 13.4%; 1 Libsoš minority
National Council elections (2021–2022)
Election Libsoš Canada Prairie Other Government
2021 37.1%; 2 22.9%; 1 25.7%; 1 14.3%; 1 Nonpartisan
2022 43.3%; 2 30.0%; 2 16.8%; 1 9.9%; 0

National referendums

Major governmental decisions were made in Suverska on the basis of mandatory national referendums. The final national referendum, in 2021 April 11, enacted the 2021 Constitution and brought an end to the transitional period. Since the 2021 Constitution, such decisions are made by National Assembly using liquid democatic means. If a constitutional change is proposed in the National Assembly, all members are required to vote (which is thus very similar to the previous policy of mandatory national referendums and so are on this list as well).[1]

Referendums, landmark National Assembly decisions, and constitutional changes in Suverska
Date Question For Against Abstain Result
2014 Mar 31 2014 Constitution enactment 100.0 0.0 0.0 Approved
2017 May 7 Capital city change to Paskrai 64.7 23.5 11.8 Approved
Meteoran integration 52.9 29.4 17.7 Approved
2019 Apr 5 Government reforms 62.1 20.7 17.2 Approved
Local currency 75.9 10.3 13.8 Approved
Meteoran autonomy 51.7 27.6 20.7 Approved
Renaming to Suverska 69.0 13.8 17.2 Approved
2019 May 3 Transitional Constitution enactment 58.7 10.3 31.0 Approved
2021 Apr 11 2021 Constitution enactment 79.3 6.9 13.8 Approved

Regional elections

Meteora Council elections (2021–2022)
Election Prairie Other Government
2021 79.4%; 2 20.6%; 1 Nonpartisan

Opinion polling

National party support, 2014 to 2022

This chart also shows notable events in Suverian political history.

Date Type Lib.-Soc. Canada Prairie Others Lead
2014 Mar 27 The Republic of Suwerenny declares independence.
2014 Mar 31 The Suwerenny Party is founded.
2014 Apr 6 Poll 57.1 42.9 14.2
2014 May 19 Election result 55.6 44.4 11.2
2014 Jun 13 The Canada Party is founded.
2014 Jul 20 Poll 63.1 19.6 17.3 43.5
2014 Nov 9 Poll 51.4 36.3 12.3 15.1
2015 Aug 9 Poll 53.5 32.4 14.1 21.1
2016 The Suwerenny Party rebrands as the Liberal-Socialists.
2016 Election result 47.3 36.9 15.8 10.4
2018 Jan 7 Meteora joins Suverska.
2018 Mar 10 The Prairie Party is founded.
2018 Poll 40.9 28.4 14.3 16.4 12.5
2018 Election result 34.5 24.1 28.0 13.4 5.5
2019 Feb 18 Poll 31.4 26.1 33.8 8.7 2.4
2019 Apr 19 Poll 35.2 26.5 29.4 8.9 5.8
2019 May 3 The transitional period begins.
2020 The Liberal-Socialists rebrand as Libsoš.
2020 Mar 29 Poll 39.3 29.1 25.1 6.5 10.2
2021 May 3 The transitional period ends.
2021 Jun 25 Election result 37.1 22.9 25.7 14.3 11.4
2021 Sep 19 Poll 31.8 25.5 29.4 13.2 2.4
2021 Nov 28 Poll 35.8 23.6 30.6 10.0 5.2
2022 Jan 7 Election result 43.3 30.0 16.8 9.9 13.3
2022 Feb 24 The nation dissolves.
National government approval, 2014 to 2022
Date Approve Disapprove No
opinion
Net
2014 Apr 6 85.7 0.0 14.3 85.7
2014 Jul 20 78.1 8.8 13.1 69.3
2014 Nov 9 61.6 22.2 16.2 39.4
2015 Aug 9 74.0 11.3 14.7 62.7
2018 53.9 18.3 27.8 35.6
2019 Feb 18 36.5 45.0 18.5 8.5
2019 Apr 19 43.7 39.4 16.9 4.3
2020 Mar 29 58.9 25.5 15.6 33.4
2021 Sep 19 43.3 31.0 25.7 12.3
2021 Nov 28 54.8 20.3 24.8 30.0
Meteora party support, 2014 to 2022
Date Type Lib.-Soc. Canada Prairie Others Lead
2021 Jun 25 Election result 79.4 20.6 58.8
2021 Sep 19 Poll 6.4 4.7 67.7 21.2 46.5
2021 Nov 28 Poll 8.5 5.8 72.4 13.3 59.1

Timelines

Heads of state and government, 2014 to 2022
National – heads of state
List of Presidents of the Republic of Suverska
No. Name Term of office Duration Party
1 John of Flosia 31 Mar 2014 25 Sep 2018 4 years and 179 days Unaffiliated
2 Atyko Robijovych 1 Oct 2018 3 May 2021 2 years and 215 days Lib.-Soc.
List of Holovas of the Government of Suverska
No. Name Term of office Duration Party
1 Atyko Robijovych 3 May 2021 23 Feb 2022 296 days Libsoš
2 Private member 23 Feb 2022 24 Feb 2022 1 day Libsoš
National – heads of government
List of Prime Ministers of the Republic of Suverska
No. Name Term of office Duration Party
1 Atyko Robijovych 31 Mar 2014 25 Sep 2018 4 years and 179 days Lib.-Soc.
2 Karol of Veskrai 1 Oct 2018 3 May 2019 215 days Canada
Regional (Meteora) – heads of state
List of Holovas of the Government of Meteora
No. Name Term of office Duration Party
1 Shaja Kachka 3 May 2021 24 Feb 2022 297 days Unaffiliated
Party standings, 2014 to 2022
National
Party 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Canada 1 2 1 2
Lib.-Soc. 3 4 2
Prairie 2 1
Unaffiliated 2 1 1 0
Total 5 7 9 5
Regional (Meteora)
Party 2021
Prairie 2
Unaffiliated 1
Total 3
Gallagher index of parliamentary and National Council elections, 2014-2022

The Gallagher index is a measure of “an electoral system’s relative disproportionality between votes received and seats allotted in a legislature.”

Overview
Year Parties Seats Gallagher index
2014 general 2 5 4.40
2016 general 3 7 5.38
2018 general 4 9 2.30
2021 National Council 4 5 5.69
2022 National Council 4 5 5.95
Parliamentary elections (2014-2018)
2014 Suverian general election
party % of votes % of seats difference difference
squared
Suwerenny Party 55.6% 60.0% -4.4 19.36
Others 44.4% 40.0% 4.4 19.36
total of squares of differences 38.72
square root of (total / 2) 4.40
2016 Suverian general election
party % of votes % of seats difference difference
squared
Liberal-Socialists 47.3% 57.1% -9.8 96.04
Canada Party 36.9% 28.6% 8.3 68.89
Others 15.8% 14.3% 1.5 2.25
total of squares of differences 167.18
square root of (total / 2) 5.38
2018 Suverian general election
party % of votes % of seats difference difference
squared
Liberal-Socialists 34.5% 44.4% -9.9 98.01
Prairie Party 28.0% 22.2% 5.8 33.64
Canada Party 24.1% 22.2% 1.9 3.61
Others 13.4% 11.1% 2.3 5.29
total of squares of differences 140.55
square root of (total / 2) 2.30
National Council elections (2021-2022)
2021 Suverian National Council election
party % of votes % of seats difference difference
squared
Libsoš 37.1% 40.0% -2.9 8.41
Prairie Party 25.7% 20.0% 5.7 32.49
Canada Party 22.9% 20.0% 2.9 8.41
Others 14.3% 20.0% -5.7 32.49
total of squares of differences 81.8
square root of (total / 2) 5.69
2022 Suverian National Council election
party % of votes % of seats difference difference
squared
Libsoš 43.3% 40.0% 3.3 10.89
Canada Party 30.0% 40.0% 10.0 100.00
Prairie Party 16.8% 20.0% 3.2 10.24
Others 9.9% 0.0% -9.9 98.01
total of squares of differences 219.14
square root of (total / 2) 5.95

See also

Notes

  1. While elections to the National Council are typically scheduled for each January, this first election was held in June 2021.
  2. The National Council in its final state at the government’s dissolution

References

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 "Republic of Suverska". sites.google.com. Retrieved 2021-05-15.