Government of Suverska

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Government of Suverska
Suverska Government Diagram A.png
Diagram of the political system of Suverska. Note that this was a proposed representation during the transitional period and is not entirely correct.
Formation2013; 8 years ago
Founding
document
Constitution of
Suverska
(2014, 2021)
Country2020 Suverska Flag.png Suverska
Legislative Branch
LegislatureNational Assembly
Meeting placePaskrai
Executive branch
LeaderFederal Council
AppointerNational Assembly
Main organPublic Enterprises
Departments5
Judicial branch
CourtPeople's Court
Historical government types

The Government of Suverska is the body responsible for the administration of the Republic of Suverska. While the Suverskan government can trace its origins back to the provisional government associated with the founding of the nation in 2013, the current construct of the government was established in the 2021 Constitution of Suverska.[1]

From 2014 to 2019, the nation was a federal parliamentary republic with a president elected by popular vote. During this time, Suverska’s political scene was dominated by the Libsoš Party (initially called the Suwerenny Party), who formed majority governments in 2014 and 2016 followed by a minority government in 2018. Opposition to Libsoš included the Canada Party, Prairie Party, and numerous independent politicians.[1]

Between 2019 and 2021, Suverska underwent a two-year transitional period that was prompted by a national referendum and pressure from opposition parties. On May 3, 2021, the 2021 Constitution of Suverska went into effect. The nation is now a unitary liquid democracy in which all citizens of voting age are a part of the nonpartisan legislature and five elected citizens make up the executive Federal Council. Although the government is nonpartisan, the Libsoš Party continues to operate, and it's leader, Arctic of Veskrai, served as the nation's second president until that office was disbanded.[1]

The National Assembly makes up the legislative branch of government, while the Federal Council and People's Court make up the executive and judicial branches, respectively.[1]

Branches of government

Executive

The structure of the Federal Council of Suverska.

The executive branch is comprised of the Federal Council, a five-member council that collectively leads the country, similar to the Swiss Bundesrat. Elections to the Federal Council take place no more than every six months, in which members are elected by the National Assembly using instant-runoff voting, and individual members may be removed from the council at any time if a majority of the National Assembly votes for their removal.[1]

The Federal Council governs as a nonpartisan consensus government, and each of its five members direct one of the government's Public Enterprises. The Public Enterprise of Democracy is responsible for the functioning of democracy in Suverska; the Public Enterprise of Domestic Affairs is responsible for the government's relationship with its citizens and the well being of the citizens; the Public Enterprise of Foreign Affairs is responsible for the government's relationships beyond its borders; the Public Enterprise of Finance is responsible for the government's finances; and the Public Enterprise of the Environment is responsible for the environment and natural resources of Suverska.[1]

The past and current composition of the Federal Council is as follows.

Members of the Federal Council
Council Democracy Domestic Affairs Foreign Affairs Finance Environment
1st June 25, 2021 (Canada) (Independent member) (Libsoš) (National) Arctic of Veskrai
(Libsoš)
The next election must takes place by December 25, 2021.

Legislative

The National Assembly of Suverska, which is the legislative branch of government, creates laws known as Acts. Prior to the 2021 Constitution, the National Assembly consisted of nine partisan members elected to two-year terms using mixed-member proportional representation). Since the implementation 2021 Constitution, the National Assembly has been a nonpartisan collective of all voting-age citizens of Suverska. As opposed to the Federal Council which meets monthly, the National Assembly meets less regularly and votes on laws using liquid democatic means.[1]

Judicial

The 2021 Constitution of Suverska is the supreme law of the country, followed by the Acts of the Government (together they make up Suverskan Law). The constitution is a short, dynamic document that is changed by the populace via mandatory referendums. The laws that govern the country consist entirely of the 2021 Constitution and law-related acts made by the Federal Council (executive) and National Assembly (legislative). Laws are consistent and uniform across the nation, and the laws of Canada and Saskatchewan still apply in the country.[1]

Civil law prevails in Suverska, and the nation's laws are interpreted by the People's Court, which, in each case, consists of a random selection of two Federal Council members plus three other citizens, in which the highest-ranking Federal Council member directs the session. Cases settled by the People's Court are non-binding outside of that specific case, meaning that they only apply on a case-by-case basis unless the decision is later adapted into an act or amended into the Constitution.[1]

In the case that the Constitution conflicts with an act made by the Federal Council or National Assembly, the words of the Constitution (which are written by the people, therefore giving the people the ultimate power) are supreme, which is decided at the discretion of the People's Court. In order for a constitutional amendment to be voted on by the people in a referendum, the idea must either collect at least 10 signatures in an official petition or be organised by the Federal Council or National Assembly in their regular meetings.[1]

Heads of state and government

Previous to the creation of the Federal Council in the 2021 Constitution, the President of the Republic was both the head of state and government, and the President and their cabinet were the executive branch of government. While the role of President is no longer official, the title is sometimes given to the most senior member of the government, which has been Arctic of Veskrai (who was previously president) since 2021. The list of heads of state and government of Suverska is as follows.[1]

List of heads of state and government of Suverska
No. Name Term of office
Duration in years and days
Offices held as President Party
1 President John
of Foskrai
March 31
2014
September 25
2018
Unaffiliated
4 years and 179 days
2 President Arctic
of Veskrai
October 1
2018
May 3
2021
Libsoš
2 years and 215 days
Consensus government
Senior member: Arctic V.
May 3
2021
Present Unaffiliated
138 days
Arctic SkulkLibsoš Partyw:Independent politician

Political parties

Name Symbol Founded FCMs (2021) Largest result Ideology Leader
Canada Party
Канадський
Canada party 2021.png 2015
1 / 5
 
2 / 7
(2016)
Social liberalism,
big tent, pro-Canadianism
Libsoš Party
Лібсоц
Libsos logo 2021 2.png 2014
2 / 5
 
3 / 5
(2014)
Libertarian socialism,
environmentalism
Arctic of Veskrai
Prairie Party
Прерія Партія
Prairie party 2021.png 2018
1 / 5
 
3 / 9
(2018)
Right-wing populism,
Meteoran regionalism

Political positions

Political positions of parties in Suverska
Issue Canada party 2021.png Canada Libsos logo 2021 2.png Libsoš Prairie party 2021.png Prairie
Economy
  • Develop a self-sufficient economy in Suverska.
Environment
  • Discourage the use of single-use plastics.
  • Protect 33% of Suverska’s land and water by 2033.
  • Shift new heating and electric infrastructure from non-renewable to renewable.
Firearms
Foreign relations
Government and devolution
Social issues
Technology

Devolution

Elections and referendums

Presidential elections (2014–2018)

No. Year Summary John of Flosia Trentij of Meteora Arctic of Veskrai Karol of Veskrai Other Elected
1st 2014 John of Flosia is unanimously elected president of Suverska in the nation’s first presidential election. 100% - - - 0% John of Flosia
2nd 2016 John of Flosia is re-elected as president of Suverska. 89% - - - 11% John of Flosia
3rd May 2018 John of Flosia is re-elected as president of Suverska, while Trentij of Meteora receives significant support from Meteora voters. 61% 35% - - 4% John of Flosia
4th Oct 2018 Arctic of Veskrai becomes the second president of Suverska after defeating Trentij of Meteora in the second round of voting. - 32% 36% 25% 7% Arctic of Veskrai
38% 62% - -

Parliamentary elections (2014–2018)

No. Year Summary Government Opposition Third party Other Total seats
1st 2014 The Suwerenny Party, led by Arctic of Veskrai, win 3 of 5 total seats. Independent candidates win seats in Paskrai and Flosia. 3 - - 2 5
2nd 2016 All incumbent members are re-elected while two Canada Party members are newly elected. The Suwerenny Party is now called the Libsoš Party. 4 2 - 1 7
3rd 2018 Libsoš and the Canada Party retain their previous seat counts while three Prairie Party members are newly elected in Meteora. Libsoš forms a minority government. 4 3 2 0 9

References

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 "Republic of Suverska". sites.google.com. Retrieved 2021-05-15.