A president is the title usually given to a person who is head of state and rarely, head of government of a republic, a form of government in which a nation's people elects their leaders. sometimes with political powers exercised by that person. Presidents may be dictators, the head of the executive or ceremonial heads of state with little to no power, usually in parlimentary republics [a]
President is not the only given title. There might be others, such as General Secretary, Chairman, Etc. [b]
Succession and government types
A republic does not have to be democratic and democracies do not have to be republics, in some republics, the President is elected by popular vote, less commonly by indirect means, like by the legislature or an electoral college, or be dictators who hold the position for life, or until democratic means are brought to said country
In presidential republics, the President is the head of the executive and has a deputy, either a Vice President or a Deputy President less commonly, in some semi-presidential and parliamentary republics, the President is just head of state, often without an explicit deputy, either with less powers but equal at times to a premier, like in a semi-presidential republic, or be a figurehead without a deputy, in a parliamentary republic, in other parliamentary and semi-presidential republics, the President has a deputy concurrent with a separate head of government, but this occurrence is quite rare.
In some countries, especially former Union Republics of the U.S.S.R, there was a Supreme Soviet, the bicameral legislative body of a union republic and that it also elected a permanent body called the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet and it acted as the collective head of state, with its chairman of the presidium being the ceremonial head of state. This was replaced in the Soviet Union with a singular head of state in nearly all the union republics at the time, usually titled President.
List of current micronational Presidents
Note: Please add new names in alphabetical order and only if a picture is available to attach.[c]
- In some countries, like South Africa, they have an executive presidency within the parliamentary system. The President of South Africa is head of state and government, but is chosen by the Parliament and must keep its confidence to remain in power, acting like a prime minister
- However, these titles should not be considered the same as President and should not be counted as such. An exception is the President of the People’s Republic of China from 1954 to 1982. The title was translated from Chinese as ‘Chairman’, but after it was abolished in 1975, chairman referred to the head of Chinese Communist Party. The Presidency was re-established in 1982 and was from then on translated from Chinese as President, but the Chinese way of spelling was kept
- No title but President should be included